Leucite III, IV
II Plagioclase XVII
Specular iron VIII
Titanic iron I
Zeolite XIX, VII
Bulletii) of the Laboratories of Denisoi) University.
Bulletiii of DemsonUmversily LabpratoriesM.I. Plate 11 .
Digitized by VjOOQIC
Bulletiii of Denison University LabDrgtoriesM.I. TlateH
B-glletiii of Denison University Labprsct ones.Vol.L Plate IV".
Bulleliij of the Laboratories of Denisor) Univepslty. PLATE Y.
Bulletiij of the Laboratories of Denisoij University. ' PLATE YI.
Bulletit) of the Laboratopies of Denisoij Universily. PLATE VII.
Digitized by VjOOQIC
Bullelii) of the Laboratopies of Denisot) University. PLATE YIII.
Digitized by VjOOQIC
Digitized by VjOOQIC
Bulletii) of the Laboratories of Denisoij University. PLATE XI.
Digitized by VjOOQIC
H Bulletii} of the Laboratories of Denisoi) University.
i ButletiQ or the Laboratories of Deniso; University.
BulletiQ of the Laboratories of Oenisog University.
The Natural History Department
The work in Natural History is distributed as follows:
I. In Biology. The preparation assumed in such as is usually
afforded in high and preparatory schools, viz: An elementary term
in Human Physiology and Hygene and some preparatory work in Bot-
any. In the Sophomore year the winter term is devoted to Compara-
tive and Human Anatomy and Physiology. The genesis of organs
and comparative (vertebrate) morphology is discussed as far as time
permits. The hygenic applications of physiology are briefly presented
but the physiology of the nervous system and comparative Psychology
are relegated to the elective term of the Junior year. An
amount of time equivalent to an hour per week is devoted to dissec-
tion and other laboratory practice.
In the following term elementary Botany is studied. The time
is largely occupied with the study of phenogams and higher crypto-
gams. Field-work and plant-analysis supplemented by some labora-
tory practice in structural Botany accompany the use of the text book.
During the Junior year one term is given to Structural Botany and
the study of the lower groups, including Algae and Fungi. A part of
the term is occupied with Plant Physiology. Three-fifths the time is
devoted to the laboratory work. The class construct simple appara-
tus and conduct independently experiments in physiology.
A term in Zoology follows, and is occupied chiefly with the study
of invertebrates. Begining with the cell and monocellular organism,
types of each class are studied in the laboratory. In this way the de-
velopement of the vertebrate type is traced. The proportion of time
devoted to lecture and laboratory work is as in the previous^term.
An elective term in Zoology affords opportunity^ for workjn His-
tology and special study in particular lines, It is intended to confine
study very largely to the vertebrate type and an exhaustive study of
one organism or system is advised. The work is supplemented by a
short course in comparative psychology on the basis of Wundt and
Geology and Mineralogy.
In the spring term of the Sophomore year opportunity is offered
scientific students to study mineralogy. The work is largely confined
to the laboratory, and embraces blow- pipe analysis and the elements
of crystallography. Some attention is given to economic mineralogy
but assaying, etc. , are considered to belong with the chemical depart-
The Seniors study Dynamical and Historical Geology in the fall
term using Le Conte's text book, supplemented by lectures on the sim-
pler facts of structural Geology and extended tours to interesting lo-
In the winter term a course in Applied and General Geology
varies with the exigencies arising. The course this year embraces the
study of lithology, and the application of geology to the arts. Strati-
fied rocks are studied with reference their macroscopic peculiarities and
economic application. Metamorphic and igneous species are then
studied by means of thin sections and the polarizing miscroscope. At
other times paleontology is substituted.
OUTFIT AND APPARATUS.
For Botany an herbarium (to which additions have been received
from Minnesota during the past year and a large collection is promised
by Mr. Foerste) affords the needed illustrative material. A good set
of compound microscopes with cameras, dissecting apparatus,
staining and other reagents have quite recendy been secured.
Aquaria and a collection of conservatory plants will soon be provided,
while the apparatus needed in vegetable physiology will be construct-
ed by the students.
The Zoological laboratory is supplied with approved microtomes,
and hardening, staining and conservative fluids, injecting apparatus, etc.
We at present lack the costly apparatus for physiological investigation
and records but it is hoped that this need may be soon supplied.
Physiology is illustrated by prepared skeletons, casts, microscopic
slides, etc. , but much more is needed. The instructor will soon have
ready a large suite of specimens illustrating comparative anatomy.
The cabinet, though small, is rapidly augmenting, having more than
doubled in effectiveness during the year past.
In Geology charts and illustrative material are of a good quality,
but requiring many additions. The supply of type minerals and
rocks has been materially increased. A lithological lathe and polariz-
ing microscope of modern construction as well as over one hundred
typical rock sections have been secured. Apparatus for applying
micro-chemical tests is also supplied.
Although much has been done, there are many wants unsupplied.
The room is much too limited and two additional appartments could be
at once employed. The cabinets in all departments need great addi-
tions to make them adequate for purposes of illustration. To this
end friends are earnestly solicited to send to the professor in charge
specimens of any and all natural objects from various parts of the
state. No animal or stone is so common (if perfect in its way) as to
be useless. Contributions in money will be carefully expended to the
same end in securing exotic specimens.
Directory of Colleges of Ohio, Etc.
ADELBERT COLLEGE, OF WESTERN RESERVE
Pres. Rev. Carroll Cutler, D. D.
Open to both sexes on equal terms.
Adjuncts: Medical Department, G. C. E. Weber, LL. D.,
Dean; Western Reserve Academy, Principal, N. B. Hobart, A. M.,
Hudson, O. Green Spring Academy, Principals, P. E. Laner, A. B.
and M. J. Hole, Green Springs, O.
Two courses are provided in the collegiate department, leading to
the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and of Letters respectively, and
special courses with certificates, libraries contain about 12,000 volumes.
The departments of Chemistry and Physics are well supplied with ap-
paratus. The observatory is equipped with a five-inch equatorial and
a three-inch meridian circle. The museum contains well-selected and
increasing geological and other cabinets. Next year begins Sept.
Pres. Rev. Orello Cone, D. D.
Three courses of study, these are : — The Classical, Philosophical
and Scientific course, leading to the degrees B. A., Ph. B. and B. S.,
respectively. All studies are elective after the first term of Sopho-
more year. The faculty consists of eighteen professors and instruct-
ors. The college was founded by the Ohio Universalist Convention
in 1870. Its outfit embraces an astronomical observatory fully
equipped with instruments and improved physical and chemical ap-
paratus and a cabinet of Natural History. Those designing to teach
receive the benefit of regular instruction in methods of teaching.
Year begins on the first Tuesday in September.
Pres. Alfred Owen, D. I).
Denison University comprises both a collegiate and a preparatory
department. In the college department are three courses leading to
the following degrees, A. B., B. Ph., B. S., with preparatory courses
The college has eleven Professors and instructors, well equipped
Chemical, Physical and Biological laboratories and a large and excel-
lent library. The productive endowment exceeds $300,000. In-
struction is thorough and expenses low. Those who cannot take a
full course are permitted to take special studies when they can do so
with profit to themselves and without injury to others. School year
from Sept. 9, 1885, to June 24, 1886. The next school year com-
mences Sept. 6, 1886.
HIRAM, PORTAGE CO., OHIO.
Pres. Geo. H. Laughlin, A. M.
Four courses, comparing favorably with best colleges in Ohio, viz: —
Cla.ssical, Philosophical, Scientific, and Biblical. Faculty of twelve
competent instructors. Total number of students 205, of whom 99
are ladies. Ample provision for instruction in music and drawing, as
well as in the elementary branches. The outfit in science includes val-
uable collections of Western ores and fossils from Dr. F. V. Hayden
and contributions from the Smithsonian Institute. Valuable additions
have been made to the philosophical apparatus of the college. Tui-
tion and board at reasonable rates. First term opened Sept. i, 1885,
and the year closes Thursday, June 17, 1886.
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY.
President, W. H. Scott.
The University has twenty-five professors and instructors.
It offers eight courses of study leading to degrees as follows: — B. A.,
B. Ph., B. Sc, C. E., Mining Eng., Mech. Eng., B. Ag., and V. S.;
preparatory course, a short course of two years in agriculture, and a
course in pharmacy.
It possessess eleven well-equipped laboratories, — Physical, mechani-
cal, chemical, metallurgical, agricultural-chemical, botanical, and physi-
ological, and the most extensive and valuable museum of Ohio geology.
Its land, buildings, equipment and endowment are worth more
than one million, one hundred thousand dollars.
Chas. W. Super, President.
Classical, Philosophical, Preparatory and Normal departments.
Instruction is chiefly given by the regular professors who are more or
less specialists in their departments. Much new apparatus has recent-
ly been purchased to illustrate Physics and Chemistry. A chemical
laboratory with gas and water has been provided. Young ladies are
admitted to all departments upon the same terms with young men.
One student from each county is entitled to a free scholarship, the con-
ferring of which is in the hands of the county auditor and commissioners.
Fall term begins Sept. 7, 1886, spring term begins Mar. 30, 1886.
OHIO WESLEYAN UNIVERSITY.
C. H. Payne, D. D., LL. D., Pres.
Offers to both sexes, at surprisingly small expense, unsurpassed
advantages for a full collegiate course or for special studies. Collegi-
ate, Preparatory, Normal, Commercial, and Art Departments. First-
class Conservatory of Music. Elegant home for ladies, with teachers.
Necessary expenses per term $50 or less. As at present constituted,
the museum embraces four distinct cabinets :
I. William Wood Cabinet of Casts of Fossils. 2. Mann Cab-
inet of Palaeontology. 3. Prescott Cabinet of Biology, and 4. Mer-
rick-Trimble Cabinet of Mineralogy.
The library embraces 13,786 volumes.
The study of the Bible is persued in some form by every student
during his entire course.
BROOKE CO., W. VA.
Pres. W. K. Pendleton, LL. D.
Four courses, leading to appropriate degrees, viz: — Classical, Sci-
entific, Ministerial and Ladies' courses ; also special Professional Courses
in Engineering, Practical Physics and Chemistry, with ample training
in field-work and laboratory with use of instruments and apparatus.
Now in 45th session. Alumni number 640. Expenses are reduced
to a minimum, and every facility for economy in time and money is
afforded. All classes open to both sexes. Year begins the last
Monday of September, closing the third Thursday of June. Forcata-
logueaddress Prof. W. H. Woolery.
In order to facilitate the study of Natural History in Ohio the de-
partment has arranged to furnish such laboratory supplies as may be
accessable in convenient sets adapted to college or high school or in-
dividual use. The business will be conducted by Mr. C. J. Herrick,
while the preparation of the material will be under the immediate direc-
tion of the department.
No. I. Lit/to/o^ical suife consisting of 25 hand-samples of type rocks
with accompanying thin sections and a lithological microscope
manufactured expressly for the department, also apparatus for
making thin sections by hand, - - - - $75 00
Lithological lathe (additional) - - - - - 50 00
No. 2. Suite of stratified rocks ^ 25 samples, accompanied by sections
of the most important building stones and fossils typical of each
rock and one of Bausch & Lombs' m.odel microscopes, com-
plete, $65 00
Sections of rocks or fossils will be made on application at a low
rate. Other laboratory supplies will be secured and kept on hand as
opportunity affords. Address C. J. Herrick, Oranville, O.
THE TWENTIETH YEAR 1
THE AMERICAN NATURALIST;
A Popular Illustrated Magazine of Natural History and Travel.
ANNOUNCEMENT FOR i8S6. VOLUME XX.
This journal of popular Natural Science is published by Messrs. McCalla &
Stavely, Philadelphia, Pa., under the editorial management of Dr. A. S. Pack-
ard, and Prof. E. D. Cope, with the assistance of eminent men of science. The
typographical dress and illustrations which have heretofore given character to this
magazine will be sustained, and it will be of a thoroughly popular nature, so as to
interest the general reader as well as the young naturalist. It will continue to be
a journal of science-education and for the use of science teachers
The eighteenth and nineteenth volumes were double the size of the earlier
volumes ; and for variety, interest and freshness of scientific news, it is claimed
that the Naturalist is without a rival.
Each number of the Naturalist contains carefully written original articles
on various scientific subjects, and, in addition, twelve departments — Recent Litera-
ture^ Geography and Travels, Geology and Paleontology, Mineralogy , Botany, Ento-
mology, Zoology, Embryology, Physiology, Psychology, Anthropology, and Microscopy.
The department of Botany is edited by Prof. C. E. Bessy, that of Microscopy is
edited by Prof. C. O Whitman, that of Mineralogy is edited by Dr Geo. H.
Williams, and that of Physiology by Prof. Henry Sewell, while the . depart-
ment of Geography and Travels is edited by W. N. Lockington. Prof. Otis T.
Mason will continue his monthly summaries of Anthropological News, and will
edit the department of Anthropology. We added this year a department of Em-
bryology, under one of our ablest investigators, Mr. Jno. A Ryder, of the Smith-
sonian Institution. Arrangements have been made to report the Proceedings of
Scientific Societies with promptness. Particular attention will be given to micro-
scopical and historical discoveries, methods of microscopical research, new instru-
ments, methods of cutting and staining sections, etc. The series of illustrated
monographs on North American fossil vertebrates, by Prof Cope, witl be continued.
The attention of publishers and teachers is called to the critical notices of
standard scientific: books, to which especial attention has been given the past year,
and will be given during the ensuing year.-
Original articles or notices by over one hundred of our leading naturalists have
appeared in the volumes for 1881, 18S2, 1883, 18S4 and 1885, among whom are
the following: —
Rev. E. J. Hill,
Mr. E W. Claypole,
Prof. T. Sterry Hunt,
Prof. A. Hyatt,
Prof. D. S Jordan,
Mr. J. S. Kingsley,
Prof. Samuel Lock wood.
Prof. Leo Lesquereux,
Prof. G. Macloskie,
Dr. C. Hart Merriam,
Mr. Charles Morris,
Rev. Henry C. McCook,
Prof. C Sedgwick Minot,
Prof E. S. Morse,
Prof. A N Prentiss,
Dr. D. W. Prentiss,
Subscription Price, $4-00 Per Annum, in Advance.
Remittances by mail should be sent by ''a money-order, draft on Philadelphia
or New York, or registered letter, to MoOALLA & STAVBLT,
897-9 Sock street, Fhiladelpliia, Fa.
Dr. C. C. Abbott,
Prof. J. C. Arthur,
Mr. E. A. Barber,
Prof. W. J. Beal,
Prof. W. K. Brooks,
Mr. Edward Burgess,
Hon. J. D. Caton,
Dr. Elliott Coues,
Dr. W. H. Dall,
Prof. Walter Faxon,
Prof. S. A. Forbes,
Mr. J. W. Fewkes,
Prof. Archibald Geikie,
Mr. Henry Gillman,
Dr. Carl F. Gissler,
Mr. Edward Lee Greene,
Prof. F. V. Hayden,
Mr. Richard Rathbun,
Dr. Charles Rau,
Mr. J. A. Ryder.
Dr. R. W. Shufeldt,
Dr. T. H. Streets,
IVof S. I. Smith,
Prof. V. M. Spalding,
J. F, Whiteaves,
Prof. F. H. wSnow,
Dr. R. E. C. Stearns,
Prof. Cyrus Thomas,
Mrs. Mary Treat,
Mr. Wm. Trelease,
Dr. M. E. Wadsworth,
Dr. R. H. Ward,
Prof. C. A. White,
Prof. R. Ramsay Wright.
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