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within the site of the manor of Sherborne, within the precincts
of which manor there is an ancient vill of Sherborne bounded
by ancient metes and bounds, and that there are within the
precincts of the said manor divers hamlets outside the ancient
vill of Sherborne, viz.. West Burton, East Burton, Holnest,
Wotton, Gromeslee, Pyneford, Woborn, and Thornyford.
Adjacent and contiguous to, but outside the bounds of the
ancient vill, are three places called Coumbe, North Coumbe,
and Nywelond, in which three places were men living for a
long time who brewed ale for sale, and that Bishop Richard
granted certain burgages of different dimensions, paying for
them various rents '' for all services and exactions," and
that the said Bishop had a Court with View of Frankpledge
to be held at the Cross in the middle of the place of
Nywelond by his Seneschall, to which Court the men of
Nywelond holding burgages there came and not elsewhere,
and were amerced and punished, and it was here the men of


Nywelond were tallied and taxed and not in the old vill of
Sherborne, nor did the men of the old vill come to Nywelond.
Apparently this plaintiff endeavoured to set up an imperium
in imperio exempt from a tax on ale. But it was of no avail,
for a jury being summoned they state on their oaths that the
said Bishop and his predecessors in virtue of their lordship of
the Castle of Sherborne have always been accustomed time
out of mind (not merely in Bishop Poore's time) to have
2 gallons of the best ale and 2 gallons of the second ale and one
farthing per gallon, both within and without the precincts of
the vill of Sherborne, and they assess the damages of the
Bishop at £37 0, which I suppose would be some £555 of
our present money. They proceed to state what amount
each of the plaintiffs have to pay towards this £37, and grant
a " nolle prosequi " to two only of the plaintiffs.

It is to be noticed that in the first place John Scopey
(on m. 304), Richard Mohun (on m. 305), John Tayllor atte
mere (on m. 306) and Henry Lyneden (on m. 307), as plaintiffs,
each bring separate, though practically identical, suits against
the Bishop for taking an unfortunate horse which dies, but
it is only Henry Lyneden who quotes the Charter and its
" inspeximus," presumably because he occupied one of the
original burgages (formerly John Bradford's) granted by
Bishop Poore.

Then Bishop Ralph turns the tables and brings two suits,
one against (m. 315) the Defendants, John Caundle, souter,
Walter Fisher, Thomas Tylie, John Kent, mulleward, John
Pyneford, Robert Font, Robert Mulleward, Roger Bavant,
Richard Croppe, John Dale, Matilda Gys, Walter Goldsmyth,
Richard Godefray, William Houpere, William Free, John
Scopey, Peter Shoier, John Graunt, John Bakere, John
Dodde, Thomas Shephurd, and Henry Lyneden.

In the other suit (on m. 318) the Defendants are William
Northerne, Stephen Bakere, William Font, John Nobilet^


John Manston, Margery Toukere, William Muriel, Margery
Mannyng, John Bemynstre, John Donpayn, John Taillour,
webbe, Thomas Iweyn, Richard Monne, John Mulleward,
John Bouer, Nicholas Deighere, William Mulleward, Stephen
Holdefast, Robert Anketyll, Henry Mascall, William
Webbe, and Nicholas Burel.

The damages assessed by the Jury on m. 315 are
£37, those on m. 318 are £30, but both seem to have been
revised, and on m. 319 and m. 320 the damages are reduced
to £20 for both sets of Defendants.

What is particularly interesting in these proceedings is the
statement that there was a Cross in the middle of the place
of Newland, and Mr. Alfred Pope will be able to state in a
future edition of his valuable "Old Stone Crosses of Dorset "
that a Cross was certainly in existence there in Bishop
Poore's time, viz., 1217-1228.

Perhaps the division of Newland into three zones with
burgages of various dimensions and rents, and its position
with regard to the Castle and the Barn, may throw light on
other points now doubtful.

But the quotation in full of a Charter of A.D. 1228 cannot
fail to be of archaeological value, and the long list of local
brewers shows to what an extent this beverage was consumed
even in those days. Incidentally, also, it shows that the
Chapel of St. Thomas-on-the-Green was in existence at the
date of the Charter of 1228, the earliest date, I believe,
previously knoAvn concerning this Chapel, being a Patent
Roll of 18-19 Richard II., 1395, as mentioned in Hutchins,
3rd ed.. Vol. IV., page 257.

The Inspeximus of Bishop Roger de Mortival (1315-1330)
of the Charter of Bishop Richard Poore (1217-1228) to his


freemen of Sherborne. (De Banco Roll No. 490, m.
307 d.)

Universis sancte Matris ecelesie filiis ad quos presens scriptum
pervenerit Rogerus permissione divina Sarum ecelesie minister humilis
salutem in Domino Noveritis nos inspexisse cartam Ricardi quondam
Episcopi Sarum in hec verba Universis Sancte Matris ecelesie filiis
ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Ricardus permissione divina
Sarum ecelesie minister humilis Salutem in Domino Scire volumus
universis quod nos assensu Decani et Capituli Sarum ad honorem beate
Marie Sarum Dedimus et hac presenti carta nostra Confirmamus
oiunibus liberis hominibus nostris qui nova burgagia capiunt vel
recepturi sunt apud Shirobourn scilicet inter Capellam Sancti Thome
et Castrum quod ipsi et heredes sui teneant de nobis et successoribus
nostris burgagia que habent vel habituri sunt in predicto loco libera
pacifice integre honorifice et quiete imperpetuum cum omnibus
libertatibus et libris consuetudinibus ad hujusmodi burgagia pertinenti-
bus Ita videlicet quod iDresente ballivo nostro liceat ipsis et heredibus
suis burgagia sua dare vendere vel obligare cuicunque voluerint
preterc[uam ecclesiasticis domibus religiosis et judeis sub tali forma
scilicet quod quicumque aliquod burgagium dare voluit hereditarie
dabit nobis et successoris nostris pro relevio quantum idem burgagium
reddit per annum Sunt autem predicta burgagia in tres partes distincta
Prima pars est in australi parte [vie] qua it a capella Sancti Thome
versus Castrum in qua parte plenum burgagium continet in longitudine
viginti perticatas et in latitudine quatuor perticatas Ita videlicet
quod quicumque tale burgagium tenuerit dabit nobis et successoribus
nostris duodecem denarios per annum Secunda pars est in boriali
parte predicte vie in qua parte j^lenum burgagium continet in
longitudine viginti et quatuor perticatas et in latitudine quatuor
perticatas Et quicumque tale burgagium tenuerit dabit nobis et
successoribus nostris annuatim decern et octo denarios et qui plus
vel minus tenuerit de talibus partibus burgagii secundum predictam
quantitatein nobis et successoribus nostris respondebit Tercia pars
est que se extendit a capella Sancti Thome versus orreum nostrum in
qua parte burgagium continet in longitudine duas perticatas et in
latitudine duas perticatas Et quicumque tale burgagium tenuerit
dabit nobis et successoribus nostris octo denarios per annum Ipsi vero
qui predicta burgagia tenent et tenebunt solvent jjrenominatum
redditum ad quatuor annuos terminos scilicet ad Natale Domini
quartam partem et ad festum Annunciationis Beate Marie quartam
pattern et ad festum Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste quartam
partem et ad festum Sancti Michaelis quartam partem pro omni servicio
et exactione Quare volumus et concedimus quod predicti liberi tenentes


et heredes sui habeant imperpetuum predicta burgagia per predictum
servicium bene in pace sicut predictum est Et ad majorem hujas nostre
concessionis securitatem huic carte sigillum nostrum una cum sigillo
Capituli nostri huic presenti carte sunt appensa Hiis testibus

Henrico Abbate de Shirborne

Magistro Elia de Durham tunc Seneshallo nostro

Gilbert© de Stapelbrigge canonico de Sarum

Gilberto HospitaU

Waltero de Purle

Stephano de Burton

Ricardo de Gulleford

Rogero Everard tunc serviente de Shirborn clerico

Henrico de Haddon

Philhpo de Charteray

WilHelmo de Duyn

Anno pontificatus nostri undecimo

Nos vero predictam cartam in omnibus suis articuhs predicis bur-
gensibus et eorum heredibus jDrout ea usi fuerint pro nobis et success-
oribus nostris approbamus ratificamus et confirmamus Salvis nobis
et successor bus nostris et ecclesie nostre Sarum omnibus redditibus et
serviciis que nobis et predecessoribus nostris aliquo tempore accre-
verunt seu successoribus nostris accrescere possunt in future de qiiibus
quidem purpresturis placeis terre arentatis seu arentandis Ac eciam
escaetis in manibus nostris aut predecessorum nostrorum post datum
predicte carte quoquomodo accidentibus In cujus rei testimonium
presentibus sigiUum nostrum una cum sigillo Capituli nostri Sarum
sunt apensa Hiis testibus

Magistro Henrico de la Wyle, cancellario ecclesie nostre Sarum

Magistro Thome Hentot, Archidiacono Dors

Magistro Waltero Hervy, Archidiacono Sarum

Magistro de Ayleston, Archidiacono Wiltes

Magistro Roberto Blonttesdon

Domino Willielmo de Braybrok

Domino Roberto de Wynchcombe et aliis

(There is no date to this Inspeximus.)*

* Canon Mayo informs me that Robert de Ayleston was collated
to the Archdeaconry of Wilts, 27 May 1326 and became Archdeacon
of Birks in 1331, so that Bishop Roger de Mortival's inspeximus must
be dated between 27 May 1326 and 14 March 1329 — 30 when the
Bishop died.

iEcmortal tBrasscs of Dorset.

By W. de C. PRIDEAUX, L.D.S., Eng., F.R.S.M.

Part VII.



previous meeting I exhibited a series of
figure and other memorial brasses ; to my
great regret they were destroyed by fire
shortly after, before being reproduced.
I may perhaps mention that a large plano-
convex lens was the cause of my trouble,
and warn fellow-members against leaving
lenses near papers, whether rolled or flat,
on a sunny day.
I have rubbed most of these again and reproduce those
from Woolland, Pimperne, Lytchett Matravers, and Church
Knowle this year. Of others I have five inscribed brasses
from Wareham, not in Haines' list. The Rector of St. Marj^'s
was kind enough to allow me to examine the reverse of these
brasses for possible palimpsests, I regret to say with
negative result. During the alterations at Puddletown
Church, the Rev. A. L. Helps allowed me to examine the
curious Cheverell effigy and inscription there, but these
plates, contrary to expressed opinion, proved to have perfectly
plain backs.

Here lyef^ y boiy of Mr George Burge*
f^mceMaior.of Ay TotDTie.SDbo died*

FeW: 13*1 16^0.

Ifhoneff tipfh,§ood'Wee(im^ Courage, \biff,
Confempf of Waif h ,f irmeHrindlhiDpniap^ beFW
An £pi/Dp^; OP Bounf ie, ferue To raife
TKy fleepiTi^ Alhei' info taking praife J

ThiV TombV -^y Trifmpef f A ^Hy %^acy I
In zeale.leff^ fo fhis^ Houle ihafi neu^r dy J

Sfmiipxtt' amopis'ei^o 1
^^^ Anna Vxor eiu/ . I

(5eorae Buroes, 1640.


wli aro tfrmiHr, Oitufeinir tmapcr uitDHi^iiam.!iirr
9r(r{f5ttirv^liiU-i»aiu^ of amw m ^ s fjcinft

arafltam Ikat ni rtiaiiiTs 1* m mofiirtit ii^ ts^i

Hnn dfi*an!?c, 1583.

ancient memorial brasses of dorset. 159
Wareham, St. Mary's.

Position. — Fixed against south wall of chancel.

Size. — This is given separately.

Description. — Four 17th Century inscribed brasses in plain
Roman type, and one of 16th Century date in Old English,
having a little ornamental detail as filling. These epitaphs
are curious, in matter and spelling.


(1) Size of plate, 20in. wide above, 17oin. below, llfin.


Here lyeth y*' body of Mr. George Burges,
twice Maior of this Towne, who died

Febr. 13°, 1640.
If honest birth, good breeding, courage, witt.
Contempt of wealth, firme friendshipp, may befitt
An Epitaph or Bountie, serve to raise
Thy sleeping Ashes into waking praise,
This Tomb's thy Trumpett, and thy Legacy
In zeale, left to this House shall never dy.

Struxit amoris ergo

Anna Vxor eius.


(2) Size of plate, 18in. wide by 6^in. deep.

Here lyeth the bodye of Ann Franke the wyfe of
Richard Franke, sumtyme Draper in Wareham, shee
Desesed the xviii. daye of Apryll in An°. 1583, being
then the eayge of xxx yeres.

A matron sage, in maners mild, in modistie did exsell,
In Godlinis, in governement shee ever guyded well ;
In wedlocke chast in faythfull hand shee yelded up

her lyfe.
Beloved, bewayled by man, by maj^d, and wyfe.



(3) Size of plate, 20|in. by GJin.

Here Lyeth buried the Body of William Perkins of
Byeastwall nere Wareham gent who dyed the xx™
of August in the yeere of our Lord God, 1613.

Fine witt, fat welth, faire face, and sturdy strength
All these Devoringe Death Consumes at length.

Intemerated vertue and good name

Stand fast as rock, nothing removes the same ;

Therefore love firme things, loath the fleeting still.
This is the Sense and Subject of my will.


(4) Size of plate, 20|in. by 5 Jin.

To the deare memory of her husband Richard Perkins,
Gent, who having passed his life Religiously towards
God And w™ great integrity and uprightnes towards
The World, rendered up his devout soule into the
Hands of his blessed Saviour, y'' 22™ of Aprill, A° 1616.


(5) Size of plate, 14in. by 6in.

Loe heere lieth buried within this grave
The man home God did meane to save,
And hath him advanced to heaven's blis,
Wher he of hevens joye possessed is ;
If more of him you list to knowe
Thes folowinge leters his name do showe.

Edmund Moore who

Lived 72 years and

Died Maye 21, 1625.

Here LyfrrH BvwtD the Body of WiULrAM Perkins of


Fine witt^fat weltii,kaike e\ce, and STVimv sti^js^gth:
All THE^E Dt:voRiNcr. Death Con svMEs AT i^NCTH.


sx\nd.e\st as rock nothtng removes the s^^^
Therefore lov^e firme things loath the. tleetlng stilu
This is THE Sense and Svbiect of my 'Wtul'

Milliam iPcrkius, 1613.



Gent whohavit^g passed his life Reuciovsly towards
God And w great integrjtY;& vprightnes towabds
tfe vvbrld, re]^dertd vp his devovt sovle into the


1Ricbar& Perkins, 1616.



WfipM Mary Argenton las^t W£E;SID gall..


Tie: REVENrFvw vvhiror siefreexyr did spend


HER^«>yji^ I^^^ Y H taken her place

:& mtoJisj TfE TEARErOFOVR LORDeOD \(f\6

/10ar\> Hroenton, lOie,





Mary, daughter of Robert Williams of Herringston, wife
of Robert Thornhull, and then of Lewis Argenton, 1616,
inscription in 12 lines Eng. mural Chancel, Haines.

Position. — Mural in the South aisle.

Size. — Effigy 98in. high, by 11 Jin. broad at the base ;
inscription is 20|in. by 13in.

Description. — This curiously worded inscription described
above by Haines is dated 1616, but the kneeling effigy above
would appear to be of earlier date ; if not, the figure is a very
late example of its type. The Church of Woolland was
wholly rebuilt in 1743, " being ancient and ruinous ; " in its
removal further West monuments to the Thornhulls are said
to have suffered. Mary Williams was the second wife of
Robert Thornhull, and by her he had seven children ; his
first wife was Jane, daughter of John Tregonwell of Milton
Abbey Esq'" and by her he had two sons and one daughter,
Margaret, who married John Skerne of Bere Regis. Margaret
Skerne's kneeling figure* in the Chancel at Bere Regis, 1596,
although considerably smaller, is very similar to that of her
kinswoman at Woolland.

The inscription, in Roman letters, reads as follows : —

Here lyeth our Landladie loved of all.

Whom Mary Argenton last wee did call.

But formerlie Thornhull of Thornhull she hight.

Yet sister to Williams of Heringston, Knight.

But Thornhull did leave her in Joyncture most sure

This Mannor of Wolland, whilst lyie did indure ;

The Revenew whereof she freelye did spend

In good hospitalitie untill her lives end.

* Page 205, 1902 Proceedings, Part I., The Ancient Memorial Brasses
of Dorset.


Her prayers to God she never neglected,
Her life with Infamye never detected.
Then rest we assured, through Gods good grace,
Her soule in y® Heavens hath taken her place.
& died in the yeare of our Lord God 1616.

PiMPERNE, St. Peter.


Mrs. Dorothy Williams, 1694, curious, her husband John
(rector ?), quadrangular plate mural, Haines.

Position. — Mural, near South door.

Size. — 18Jin. high by 18|in. wide.

Description. — This brass, showing fine but curious
craftsmanship, and having borders representing the familiar
emblems of mortality, probably came from the workshop of
a goldsmith or copper plate engraver, whose name may be
deciphered above the feet of the skeleton, " Edmund Colpeper,

It is an example of two figures representing one and the
same individual, and is found occasionally in stone, one
above, in health and full costume of the period, the other a
skeleton recumbent. In this instance the lady is represented
as rising from a skeleton lying on a mattress, with a scroll
issuing from her mouth bearing the text — " Death where
is thy sting, Grave where is thy victory." The inscription,
in Roman letters, reads : —

Near this place lies y® body of Mrs. Dorothy Williams who
deceased Nov. y® 24th Ano Dom. 1694. Erected by her
Husband John Williams Cler. in memory of y^ best of

Dormio at Resurgam. '

Borotbv MilliHins, 1694.



zrbomas petbvn, IRcctov, c. H70.


/IDargaret Clement, 1505.


ancient memorial brasses of dorset. 163
Lytchett Matravers, St. Mary.

1. — Thos. Pethyn, rector, c. 1470, in shroud, small, in

2. — Inscription ; Margaret Clement " generosa specialis
benefactrix reedificacionis hujiis ecclesie 1505."

3. — A matrix of a very large fret (the arms of Maltravers),
with marginal inscription to Sir John Matravers, 1365
(Cough's Sepulchral EfBgies, Vol. I., p. 117). Haines.


Position. — Mural, below a windoAv in the Chancel a little
Avest of the piscina.

Size. — 15in. high by 4|in. wide at the feet. The inscrip-
tion 12 Jin. by 2 fin.

Description.— This is the solitary example of a shroud
brass extant in Dorset, although there are matrices, one being
at present in St. Peter's, Dorchester. They are not found
earlier than the fifteenth century, one of the earliest being
the half effigy of Joan Mareys at Sheldwich, Kent, 1431.
Thomas Pethyn's effigy is probably c. 1470. The origin of
these peculiar effigies is given in Cotman's Brasses, Vol. II.,
p. 51, to remind us "that the robes of pride will shortly be
exchanged for the winding-sheet, and that beauty and strength
are hastening to the period when they will become as the
spectre before them." The preparation for a shroud brass
cannot have been very different from the following, for a
marble effigy now in St. Paul's.

" A monument being resolved upon, Dr. Donne sent for a Carver
to make for him in wood the figure of an Urn, giving him directions
for the compass and height of it ; and to bring with it a board, of the
just height of his body. ' These being got, then without delay a
choice Painter was got to be in readiness to draw his picture, which
was taken as foUoweth. — Several charcoal fires being first made in his
large Study, he brought with him into that place his winding-sheet
in his hand, and having put off all his clothes, had this .sheet put on


him, and so tied with knots at his head and feet, and his hands so
placed as dead bodies are usually fitted, to be shrowded and put into
their coffin, or grave. Upon this Urn he thus stood, with his eyes
shut, and with so much of the sheet turned aside as might show his
lean, pale, and death-like face, which was purposely turned towards
the East, from whence he expected the second coming of his and our
Saviour Jesus.' In this posture he was drawn at his just height ; and
when the picture was fully finished, he caused it to be set by his bed-
side, where it continued and became his hourly object till his death."
— Walton's Lives, p. 72.

The inscription is in Old English type with usual pre-
Reformation wording —

1FMc jacet ^ns ZTbomas Ipetbv^n qualt^a
IRectoris bin eccTie qui aic ppicietur ^i


Position. — On a slab in the Nave near the Font.

Size. — 16Jin. long, Sin. Avide.

Description. — A plain inscription in Old English characters
that incidentally fixes the date of a restoration of the Church
in 1505.

Bic jacet /Ibargareta Clement Generosa specialis
beiiefactnj reeMficacionis bujus ecclesie que obiit
il*5555 Me 5unu Ho &m /Ibo Dc x> cujus ate
prcptcietur ^^U5 ame.

Church Knowle, St. Peter.

John Clavell, Esq''- in armour and two wives, 1st wife with
3 sons and 1 daughter, 2nd, Susan, daughter of Robert Coker
of Mappowder, mural, North aisle. Haines.

Position. — Beneath the canopy of an altar tomb of Purbeck
stone are three compartments, having the following three


figures let into the stone, below on the tomb are four blank
shields. The monument is against the Eastern wall of the
North aisle.

Size. — John Clavell's effigy 12in. high by Sin. wide, the
shield above, 6Jin. by 8|in., the inscription below 15in.
by 2|in. His first wife and children llin. by lOin. wide,
the shield over, 4fin. by 6in. His second wife llin. by
7in. with an inscription 16in. by 2|in., the shield over,
5in. by Gin.

Description. — John Clavell of Barneston and afterwards of
Wareham was born and baptized 2 May, 1541 ; he died 5 Jan.,
1609, and was buried at Knoll ; his will was proved 17th
Feb., 1609. He probably erected this monument very shortly
after his second marriage. He is shown kneeling at a desk
on which is an open book, his hands are clasped in prayer,
he is clad in plate armour similar to that of Nicholas Martin
of Athelhampton at Puddletown,* but his helmet and
gauntlets are to be seen on the ground beside him.

Over his head is a shield of arms, quarterly, bearing 1 and 4,
Vaire a chief gules Estoke,t 2 and 3, Sable six escallops three
two and one argent also Estoke. Crest, a buck's head couped
ducally gorged gules pierced between the attires by an arrow
flighted proper, Clavell. Below is the following inscription
iij Old English characters : —

XLbc t\^oure of 5obn Clavvell JEsquicr bou5l»an& of
tbese two wifes, ina^e. B. /ID(XC(ICCXJ1*55

* Page 202, Proceedings, 1902, The Ancient Memorial Brasses of

t In the Sixteenth Century the Clavells had adopted for their paternal
coat the arms of Estoke. The same arms are attributed in Mr. Dennis
Bond's MS to Avis dau. of Walter Clavell of Winfrith (uncle of this
John) who married Robert Bond of Lutton in 1565. But, in the
Visitation of Dorset of 1623, their arms are given as, Argent, on a
chevron sable three caps of maintenance or, and also in " Coker." Burke
gives Clavell, Argent on a chevron sable three steel caps argent.


In the left compartment is the figure of his first wife,
Myllecent daughter of John Gifford of Ishell, Hants, kneeling
at a desk, her hands clasped in prayer, having her children,
three boys and one girl, kneeling behind her. On the shield
above her head, the arms quarterly as above, impaling
Argent ten torteaux four three two mid one for Gifford of Ishell.
Her marriage settlement was dated 11 June, 1563, and she
was buried at Knoll 29th October, 1571.

The inscription which should appear below this effigy is
missing. In the right hand compartment is the effigy of his
second wife Susan, daughter of Robert Coker of Mappowder,
she was married before 1573, buried at Knoll 2 June, 1618,
her will proved 29th June, 1618. She is shown kneeling
alone at a desk on which is an open book, with her hands

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