Douglas Macleane.

A history of Pembroke college, Oxford, anciently Broadgates hall, in which are incorporated short historical notices of the more eminent members of this house online

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became ultimately the intimate friend of the Warden, aristocrat as he
was, who left him his property.'

The work among the miners of the well-known Vicar of Rugeley,
Richard Macgregor Grier (matr. 1853), has left a permanent impress
in the INIidlands. He was made a prebendary of Lichfield in 1876.
He moved in 1888 from Rugeley to Hednesford, where he died almost
suddenly, Aug. 27, 1894. Prebendary Grier was an eager advocate
of the political claims of the artisan class, and was thought to be
designed for a bishoprick by the Liberal Government. But he had
a great power of awakening loyalty and devotion in all ranks \ — At
Ladybrand in South Africa a church has been erected, and in the

^ Fifteen very feeling Sonnets to his memor}', as that of 'Spiritual Father,
Teacher, Guide, and Friend/ from the pen of Beatrice Ethel Charles, were
published at Walsall in 1895.



SOME PARISH PRIESTS. 475

cathedral of Bloemfontein a stall for the support of an itinerant canon
has been endowed, to record the memory of James Douglas, of
Modderpoort (matr. 1861), son of Henry Douglas, Canon of Durham.
He was Missionary Superior of St. Augustine's, Lady brand, from 1875.
' Few men in this State,' said the Friend of the Free State after his
death from overwork in August, 1894, 'have been more universally
beloved and respected. ... An eloquent and forcible preacher, he
worked incessandy, travelling in all directions and in all ways, preach-
ing, visiting, giving counsel and doing kind actions everywhere and to
all sorts of people.' The Bishop of Bloemfontein speaks of ' the
special devotion with which Father Douglas gave himself to the work
of seeking for the spiritual well-being of our scattered and isolated
people.' — Among living workers Pembroke men will recall the name of
Albert Barff (matr. 1848), Prebendary of St. Paul's, sometime Chap-
lain of Cuddesdon under King and Liddon, afterwards Vicar of North
Moreton, Master of St. Paul's Cathedral Choir School, and Vicar of
St. Giles's, Cripplegate. At College he stroked the Eight, and was
President of the Boat Club. — An earlier prebendary of St. Paul's was
Charles Mackenzie, Scholar 1825-33, Head-master of St. Olave's
Grammar School 1832-55, Vicar of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, 1836-
46, Rector of St. Benet, Gracechurch, &c., 1846-66, Principal of
Westbourne College 1855-64, founder of the City of London College,
Prebendary of St. Paul's 1852, Rector of Allhallows, Lombard
Street, 1866 till his death April 11, 1888.— The canonry of St. Paul's
vacated by the death of Dr. Liddon was filled by the appointment
of William Charles Edmund Newbolt, Scholar 1863-8, Vicar of
Dymock 1870-7, and of Malvern Link 1877-87. From 1887-90
he held the responsible post of Principal of Ely Theological
College ^ — Other well-known London clergymen are Samuel John
Stone (matr. 1858), Vicar of St. Paul's, Haggerston, 1874, author
of Lyra Fideliuyn, of The Knight of Intercession, and of such
familiar hymns as The Church's One Foundation, and Weary of
Earth — his hymn. Lord of our SouVs Salvation, was, by the Queen's
command, sung at the Thanksgiving for the recovery of the Prince of
Wales— and John William Horsley (matr. 1863), the devoted and
humour-gifted Chaplain of Clerkenwell Prison and Vicar of Holy
Trinity, Woolwich, and latterly of St. Peter's, Walworth.— And, speak-
ing of laughter in grimy riverside parishes, would any history of

1 Canon Newbolt's father, the Rev. William Robert Newbolt, was a Student of
Christ Church. His grandfather, Sir John Henry Newbolt, Knt., was Chief
Justice of Madras.



476 FORTES CREANTUR FORTIBUS ET BONIS.

Pembroke be complete without mention of the 'twinkling eye and
merry face' of John Oxenham— usually called ' Johnny '—Bent
(matr. 1851), incumbent of St. John the EvangeHst, Woolwich, since
1868— the wit of the College in the early fifties, at whose quaint
answers and questions the whole Lecture would explode ^ ? Of about
the same date were Thomas Hog Girtin, a strange humourist, after-
wards the special correspondent of the Standard at Naples, where he
was honoured by a public funeral ; James Merrick Guest, from 1862
Head-master of Handsworth Bridge Trust School ; Charles Hill
Wallace, F.R.G.S.,Vicar of Holy Trinity, Clifton, from 1867, and Hon.
Canon ; Henry Rudge Hayward, Scholar 1849-58, Fellow 1858-64,
Archdeacon of Cirencester since 1883, sometime steward of the Junior

Common Room ; Bishop M , ' that wonderful viidtum iji parvo,

taking a part in almost everything intellectual, and able, then as now,
to dispense almost entirely with tired nature's sweet restorer. On
the night previous to his viva voce in Classical Greats it was said that
he read until seven, slept until nine, then rose, breakfasted, went to the
Schools, and was as cool as a cucumber under an hour's cross-
questioning,' — And here I may recall the names of Edward Greatorex
(Scholar 1841), Precentor of Durham 1862-72 ; of George Knowling
(matr. 1845), Vicar of Wellington 1865, Prebendary and Canon of
Wells 1872 ; of James Tanner (First, Math. Mod. 1852), who was
Head-master of King Edward's School, Chelmsford, from 1867 to
1877, when he retired to the rectory of Chipping Ongar ; of William
Robins Smith (First, Mod. 1852), Principal of Bath Proprietary College
1860-74, Rector of Monnington-on-Wye 1874 ; of Theodore Crane
Dupuis (matr. 1850), Vicar of Burnham 1867, Prebendary of Wells
1879 — he was son of a former Fellow, Charles Sanders Skelton
Dupuis'^ (matr. 1814); of Dr. Henry Mowld Robinson, born in
Greece, matriculated 1857, D.D. 1877, Head-master of Archbishop
Harnett's School, Chigwell, 1868, Warden of Chardstock 1876, Head-
master of Bishop Cotton's School at Simla 1885; and of Josiah

^ As a Scholar it was his duty to read the lessons in Chapel. When the
genealogical tables occurred, a contemporary says, ' " Johnny " took his fences in
a manner which made even the Master smile a saturnine smile.' With John
Oxenham Bent must be linked his elder brother Robert Paul Bent (matr. 1846).
Applying personally to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for a grant in augmenta-
tion of the meagre cure of Jacobstowe, Devon, he was asked: 'You are the
incumbent, sir? ' ' That, gentlemen, rests with you,' was the reply. ' At present
I am the Bent without the income.'

^Grandson of Dr. Dupuis, 'organist and composer' to George III, who was
buried in Westminster Abbey church July 24, 1796.



DOCTRINA SED VIM PROMOVET INSITAM. 477

Sanders Teulon, who entered the same year, but was shortly elected
to a scholarship at Lincoln. Principal of Chichester Theological
College 1886, Canon residentiary of Chichester 1888.

In 1853 Tom Hood the younger^ came to the College. — The
year before, Compton Reade, nephew of the novelist and himself not
unknown as novelist and poet, entered. Rector of Kenchester 1887 ;
Lecturer at Curzon Chapel 1886. — Towards the end of Jeune's
Mastership James Hamilton Wylie was elected Scholar (1863-8);
H. M. Inspector of Schools 1873 ; author of the History 0/ the Reign of
Henry the Fourth. — Reginald Fitzhugh Bigg- Wither, afterwards
Warden of St. Thomas's Diocesan Home, Basingstoke, and Rector of
Worting, an authority on matters connected with Oriental Christianity,
entered in i860.— Robert Main, Fellow of Queens', Cambridge,
incorporated Oct. 6, i860. He was first Assistant at the Greenwich
Observatory 1845-60; Radcliffe's Observer 1860-78. Ob. May 9,
1878.— The well-known black and white artist, Sydney Prior Hall,
was a Scholar from 1862 to 1865. He was attached to the suite of
the Prince of Wales in the royal progresses through India. Mr. Hall
is a Knight of the Order of the Saviour of Greece. In his earliest
line, however, that of caricature, he contributed to the gaiety of
Colleges. His contemporaries remember him as 'the Pembroke
Shakespeare,' a name given him because of a supposed likeness to the
bard.— A regretted name in a kindred branch of journalism is that
of Arthur Locker, for twenty-one years {1870-91) editor of the
Graphic, who was taken from us on June 23, 1893. Born at
Greenwich Hospital^, July 2, 1828, he entered the College from
Charterhouse in 1847. The varied experience of travel on many
continents added to his equipment as a novelist, as a writer of vers de
societe (in which line, however, he has been excelled by his brother,
Mr. Locker-Lampson), and as a literary reviewer. He was on the staff

* Editor of Tom Hoods Annual ; hero of the Pare7ital Ode—
'Thou idol of thy parents! Drat the child!
There goes the ink.'

2 Mr. Locker came of a distinguished race of seamen. His father. Captain
Edward Hawke Locker, F.R.S., a friend of Southey and Scott, was Commissioner
of Greenwich Hospital, which owes to him its collection of naval pictures. He
carried dispatches to Wellington and had a remarkable interview with Buonaparte
at Elba. The grandfather, Captain William Locker, son of an accomplished
literary friend of Dr. Johnson, accompanied Hawke to execute the arrest of
Admiral Byng. When in command of the Lowestoft he had Nelson under him for
a time as lieutenant. He died in 1800 as Lieutenant-Governor of Greenwich
Hospital. William IV stopped before his portrait to remark, ' There's the best
man I ever knew.' Captain Locker had reproved the royal admiral for swearing.



478 JUDGES; PRELATES; BISHOP JACKSON.

of the Times from 1865 to 1870. ' Many young writers,' the Daily
Graphic said in announcing his death, ' owe their first step in the world
of letters to him.' — Charles Fitzwilliam Cadiz, Puisne Judge at Natal
1876, entered the College in 1849; and Henry Bold Knowlys, an
Indian Judge, entered in 1855. I am confining these brief notices to
men (not mentioned elsewhere) who matriculated under Jeune, but
I may after these names mention that of Sir William John Anderson,
Chief Justice of British Honduras from 1890, who came up in 1865.

I am indebted to C. Moberly Bell, Esq., Manager of the Times,
for the following note on a distinguished Pembrochian : —

' Sir John Scott came to Egypt in 1873 on the ground of ill-health,
and without any intention of practising there; but, becoming known and
extremely popular, he was asked to plead before the British Consular
Court in Alexandria, and very soon had by far the largest practice
there. General Staunton, who was then Her Majesty's Representative,
consulted him in reference to the establishment of the International
Courts, and in 1875, much to his surprise, offered him the post of
British Judge at the Court of Appeal. He accepted it, and in the
second year became Vice-President. In 1882 he was made a Judge
of the High Court in Bombay, but in 1890, at the request of Sir
Evelyn Baring (now Lord Cromer), he was lent to the Egyptian
Government, and a year later was appointed Judicial Adviser to
the Khedive, and resigned his position on the High Court. Thus he
has done very excellent work, creating the whole judicial adminis-
tration of the country from Alexandria to Dongola. In February,
1894, he was created a K.C.M.G.'

The College has supplied, if I mistake not, during this century,
eleven rulers to the home and colonial Church. These were (besides
Bishop Jeune) : — Daniel Gateward Davis, who came from St. Kitt's
to the College in 1808, and was steward of Junior Common Room;
Bishop of Antigua 1842-57. — John Jackson, sent by Valpy to Pem-
broke in 1829; steward of Junior Common Room. He was in the
First Class with Liddell, Scott, Lowe, and Canning. Ellerton Prize
1834; Scholar of Pembroke 1835-8; Head-Master of Ishngton
School 1836. In North London he won a position as a preacher,
and at Stoke Newington were delivered the successful sermons on
The Sinfulness of Little Sins. First incumbent of St. James', Muswell
Hill, 1842; Select Preacher 1845, 1850, 1862, and 1866; Chaplain
to the Queen 1847; Boyle Lecturer 1853; D.D. 1853; Vicar of
St. James's, Piccadilly, and Canon of Bristol 1853 ; Bishop of Lincoln
on the recommendation of Lord Aberdeen 1853-68. As such he



BISHOPS JACKSON, MACKENZIE AND DURNFORD. 479

welded together the counties of Lincoln and Nottingham. When
in 1868 Tait was translated from London, Mr. Disraeli recommended
Bishop Jackson for that great see. His episcopate was marked by
anxieties arising out of the Ritual question, by the establishment
of a Diocesan Conference, by the creation of the new diocese of
St. Alban's, by the rearrangement of the boundaries of Rochester
and Winchester, and by the creation of a suffragan bishoprick for East
London. He died suddenly on the festival of the Epiphany, 1885,
and is buried at Fulham. Bishop Jackson was reserved in character,
but fatherly and sympathetic. His portrait was painted by Mr. George
Richmond. Mr. Pycroft, who was one of his countless pupils, speaks
admiringly in Oxford Memories of Jackson's excelling qualities as
a private tutor at Oxford. ' I heard that his head was in a whirl,
and that the vacation came just in time to save him. He said, " My
head is giving way : the truth is I have done too much." '—Closely
connected with Jackson throughout his career was Henry Mackenzie,
who after leaving Charterhouse engaged for a time in commercial
pursuits, but at the age of twenty-two entered the College Oct. 11,
1830. Steward of Junior Common Room 1831 ; Perpetual Curate
of St. James's, Bermondsey, 1840. His friend Maurice procured his
removal to Great Yarmouth in 1844; but four years later Bishop
Blomfield recalled him to London, as Vicar of St. Martin's-in-the-
Fields. In 1855 he retired to a country cure. Bishop Jackson then
made his old College friend his Examining Chaplain, and appointed
him to the Lincoln stall once held by George Herbert. Subdean and
Canon residentiary 1864; Archdeacon of Notts 1866. In 1870 the
long-dormant office of Bishop Suffragan was revived in Mackenzie's
person by Bishop Wordsworth. There was at first some not un-
natural dislike in Nottinghamshire to being under the charge of
a 'curate-bishop,' but this was removed by his dignity and tact.
Infirmity and age led to his retirement in 1878, in which year he
died. He is buried at Collingham. — The patriarch of modern
prelates, a true Selbornian and a scholar maxime Etonensts, Richard
DuRNFORD, has already been mentioned. His vigorous life of nearly
ninety-three years closed only in October, 1895. After leaving
Pembroke for a Magdalen demyship, he was president of the newly-
born United Debating Society in 1823 and 1825; president of the
Union 1826. Of the Cricket Club, the members of which used to ride
on horseback to the old Bullingdon Club ground, he was a prominent
member. Fellow of Magdalen 1827-36 ; Rector of Middleton 1835-
70; Archdeacon of Manchester 1867-70; Canon 1868-70; Bishop



48o COLONIAL AND MISSIONARY PRELATES.

of Chichester 1870-95. Durnford contributed to Praed's Eto7iian
and to Musae Elonenses.— Oct kvivs Hadfield (matr. 1832) zealously
administered the see of Wellington from 1870 to 1893 ; Primate of New
Zealand 1889-93 ^— James William Williams was the revered Bishop
of Quebec from 1863 to 1892. He entered Feb. 23, 1848, aged twenty-
two. At Pembroke he was a great recluse, one of his few friends being
Henry Chandler. Bishop Williams, Bishop IMitchinson, Flood Jones,
and Arthur Locker were nearly contemporary on the same staircase in
the ' New Quad,' presided over by the old scout Virtue, so called on the
principle on which the Eumenides received their name.— To be boyishly
energetic in the West Indian climate could have been possible only to
Dr. John Mitchinson (Scholar 1851-55; Fellow 1855-81 ; president
of the Union Society 1857; D.C.L. 1864; Select Preacher 1872-3).
He was Head-master of the King's School, Canterbury, 1859-73, and
in 1873 was consecrated for the see of Barbados and the Wind-
ward Islands, acting also from 1879 as coadjutor to the Bishop of
Antigua. Retiring in 1881 Bishop Mitchinson accepted the College
living of Sibston. His lordship has been coadjutor to the Bishop of
Peterborough since 1881. Archdeacon of Leicester 1886; Select
Preacher 1872-3 and 1892-3; Ramsden Preacher at Cambridge 1883;
Honorary Fellow of the College 1884.— Other Bishops of missionary
sees are: Dr. William Thomas Thornhill Webber (matr. 1856), Vicar
of St. John the Evangelist, Holborn, 1867-85 ; Member of the London
School Board 1882-5; Bishop of Brisbane 1885.— Dr. William
Marlborough Carter, Scholar 1870. He rowed in the Eight
1870-73, and at Henley in 1872 ; steward of Junior Common Room
1873. After several years' labour in large parishes, Mr. Carter was
placed (1880) in charge of the Etonian Hackney ]\Iission, over which he
presided for ten years. On Michaelmas Day, 1 891, he was consecrated
Bishop, Zululand being assigned as his see. — Dr. Henry Evington
entered the College in the same year as Bishop Carter, aged
twenty-two. He was ordained from Islington in 1874, and worked
as a missionary at Osaka for twenty years. Secretary for the Japan
Mission 1885-8, and Examining Chaplain to Bishop Bickersteth
of Central Japan 1887-94. On March 4, 1894, Mr. Evington was
consecrated for the bishoprick of Kiushiu, South Japan.

Of Dr. Jeune's lieutenants the good-humoured personality and
large figure of Thomas Frederick Henney, mentioned on an earlier
page, will long be remembered. Scholar 1829-41 ; Fellow 1841-60;

^ The Bishop's brother, George Horatio Hadfield, was Fellow 1837-44.



SOME FELLOWS OF PEMBROKE. 481

Tutor and Junior Dean 1848. Ob. July 13, i860. 'An excellent
lecturer/ writes one of his pupils ; ' but I do not think it occurred
to him to exercise any influence on us outside the lecture-room.'
A polished scholar of the Shrewsbury pattern, he was in the famous
First Class in which his contemporary at the College, Jackson,
figured. Nineteen years later Henney was one of the first batch of
Moderators. Even in his favourite pursuit of fishing he threw the
fly and built the stately iambic line simultaneously. Indeed, a thorough
wetting while thus preoccupied led to his death. Owing to his
sensitiveness to undergraduate false quantities, he kept on his table
a bottle of smelling salts, to which from time to time he had recourse.
But, morbidly shy, the crudest guesses on the part of the lectured
would draw nothing from him but 'Precisely, precisely, precisely.'
Bishop Jackson appointed him Prebendary of Lincoln and Examining
Chaplain. Henney's bent was, Hke Jeune's, in a non-antiquarian
direction, and, being questioned on returning from his first visit to
Lincoln what he thought of the minster, he said, ' I walked round it,
but I did not go inside. I thought I should have many opportunities
of doing that.' He had been a student of Lincoln's Inn before
ordination. — Even less ecclesiastically-minded was that amiable,
genially grandiose don, Thomas Douglas Page, Scholar 1855-61,
Fellow 1861-72, Bursar 1862, Dean 1864, Proctor 1872, who
died Rector of Sibston Sept. 26, 1880. He was outlived by
a predecessor in the bursarship, Havilland de Sausmarez, a
Cambridge wrangler, who held a King Charles Fellowship from
1836 to 1 851; Bursar 1846; Rector of St. Peter's, Northampton,
1850-73; died April 17, 1882. Mr. de Sausmarez was of a retiring
disposition, and M'as not much known to the undergraduates. —
William Gay, a Rugbeian, afterwards (1869) Vicar of Burley-on-
the-Hill, was elected Fellow (1845-54) at the same time as the
brothers Edward Thomas William Polehampton (1845-60), Rector
and Vicar of Hartfield 1859, and Henry Stedman Polehampton,
killed at Lucknow — of whom I shall have more to say. Three other
brothers were at the College, of whom Thomas Stedman Pole-
hampton (Wightwick kin Scholar 1846-57, Fellow 1857-63), became
Vicar of Ellel, Lancashire (1864-69), and of St. Bartholomew-the-
Less, &c., London (1869-78); Chaplain at Oporto 1878-85.—
Henry Stuart Fagan (Fellow 1850-52) was a very able man, of
somewhat explosive Home Rule opinions. He was Head-master succes-
sively of Bosworth and of Bath Grammar Schools ; Rector of Charl-
combe, Bath, 1859-70; Vicar of St. Just-in-Penwith, 1870-72 ; Rector



482 SOME FELLOWS OF THE COLLEGE ; ROLLESTON.

of Great Cressingham 1882, in which year he died. His eminent
contemporary as undergraduate and Fellow, George Rolleston, died
also comparatively young, June 16, 1881. He matriculated Dec. 8,
1846, aged seventeen; Scholar 1850-51; Fellow 1851-62 ; Honorary
Fellow 1862-81; M.D. 1857; Fellow of Merton 1872-81; Fellow
of the Royal and Linnaean Societies; Lee's Reader in Anatomy;
Linacre Professor of Physiology 1860-81. After his death, in 1883,
there was founded to do honour to his memory a University Prize,
consisting of two years' income of about £1,200, for research in
Morphology, Physiology, Pathology, or Anthropology, open to such
members of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge as have not
exceeded ten years from their matriculation. Professor Rolleston's
striking features are preserved in the crayon drawing presented to
the College by Professor Goldwin Smith, who wrote the Latin lines
underneath. — Dr. Charles Thomas Coote was Fellow from 1846 to
1851 ; Radcliffe's Travelling Fellow 1849-59. — Edward William
Hawkins, Fellow 1860-70, Senior Dean 1865, became Rector of
Ringshall in 1870. — Thomas Charles Litchfield Layton, Fellow
1854-6, was Rector of St. Aldate's 1856-9. — Among living Fellows of
the mid-century whom I have not yet mentioned, the Rev. John Ormond
(Scholar 1846-56, Fellow 1856-57) has been good enough to furnish
me with several reminiscences of old days. The names of other
Fellows of that time are to be found in ]\Ir. Foster's Oxford Men and
their Colleges.



CHAPTER XXXVII.

COLLEGE CUSTOMS, LIFE, CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.

Casting eyes of retrospect over the Victorian era, we look back
to social customs different in many respects from that extreme polish
of culture at which we have now arrived. In the memory of living
persons dinner was still at four o'clock, undergraduates (in academical
costume) promenaded in the High Street, dressed themselves for
dinner, and used the skilled offices of the College tonsor. Rude
digestion was not unknown, and Fellows drank beer, at any rate in
their rooms \ Smoking was viewed by the elegant with some dislike.
It was a favourite undergraduate joke, when the daily tankard of
Henney, then dean, was carried up to his rooms over the gateway, to
follow it on some pretext, as soon as the dean had had time to light
his segar, taken from a large assortment of favourite brands, and to
remain, while Henney tried to conceal what he was smoking behind
his back, till it might be supposed extinguished. Dr. Birkbeck Hill
tells me : —

' I knew an old Somersetshire parson, WILLIAM WiLKlNS Gale, who
entered Pembroke soon after the Peace of 1 815 2, He had learnt to smoke
before entering. A day or two after he came into residence, some men
of the College found him smoking in his room. They warned him that he
would be " cut " if he continued the practice. He would not give it up,
however, and before he left smoking had become pretty common. He
must have been a powerful man in his prime, for he had a large frame.
As we were walking up St. Aldate's he stopped in front of the Town Hall,
and said that just there he had fought and thrashed a " bargee," a noted
bruiser of the town. In later life he was a zealous teetotaller. When he
was my guest at one of the undergraduates' tables in Hall, an aged scout
—Old Harry he was always called— came bustling up to him bearing a

1 In the earlier part of the present Master's time, strong beer was drunk in the
old Common Room. The windows of the room had no curtains, and the polished
oak floor was uncarpeted till Edwin Parker gave a large rug in 1839. Uncushioned
Windsor chairs stood around.

2 The Rev. W. W. Gale matriculated Jime i, 1818, aged sixteen ; died Jan. 2,

1872.

I i 2



484 LIFE AND MANNERS.

great silver tankard, known as the " Overman ^" which would hold half
a gallon, and crying out, " I say, xATr. Gale, do you remember drinking
off this tankard at a draught ?" My friend modestly disclaimed the feat,
which indeed the hardest drinker could not have performed. He owned,
however, to having drained a quart — a sconce — without taking breath, and
so, according to the well-known unwritten law, had made the sconcer pay
for it.'

The cosy system of messes, each ordering its own dinner, in lieu
of the old unappetizing commons, was started by Robert Paul Bent,
already mentioned, about 1848. It was not an economical system, and

has lately been modified. Just before 1848, B , remembered as a



Online LibraryDouglas MacleaneA history of Pembroke college, Oxford, anciently Broadgates hall, in which are incorporated short historical notices of the more eminent members of this house → online text (page 54 of 62)