said not unto him, He shall not die, but if I will that he tarry till 1
come, what is that to theef" (John xxi. 23). The sound of these
' Cepha, which occurs also in the Gospel of St. John and the Firnt
Epistle to the Corinthians, is the Chaldee form of the apostle's name, and
has the same signification as the Greek lUi-poc, a shim.
352 SCRIPTUKE HISTORY. CHAP. XXX.
words would cheat the sense, if they were not meant to promise a
very long life ; but beyond this they contain the positive prediction
that John alone of all the apostles would survive the Destruction of
Jerusalem. We have found him, in the opening scenes of the
"Acts," specially associated with Peter, and he last appears as
joining to confer the gift of the Holy Ghost on those very Samari-
tans upon whom he had once wished to call down another sort of
fire from heaven (Acts iii., iv., viii. ; comp. Luke ix. 51-">G).
Though he did not speak in the "Council of Jerusalem," Paul
names him, with Peter and James, as the " pillars " of the Church,
who shared in the more private conferences and in the agreement
about their work among the Gentiles and the Jews (Gal. ii. 9).
We next hear of John in that close connection with Asia Minor
which is attested by his great "Revelation," addressed, with its in-
troductory Epistles, to the Seven Churches of the Province of Asia.
Of these, EPHESUS, which tradition makes his special bishopric, still
preserves in its ruins the name of the " Holy Divine." His con-
nection with that Church can not have begun before the date of
Paul's Epistle to Timothy ; and his Epistles to the Seven Churches
imply that he was banished to Patmos at the time of some great
persecution. The general weight of testimony fixes this under
DOMITIAN, who reigned from 81 to 9G A.D. Among the legends
of the apostle's later life, which are of very various authority, is the
beautiful scene of his being carried into the Church of Ephesns to
utter, with his failing strength, the memorable words of his Epistle,
".Little children, love one another." The time of his death is va-
riously given ; but the earliest date is considerably after the De-
struction of Jerusalem by Titus in A.D. 70. Tims did he "tarry
till Christ came" in the judgment which he had described in that
great final discourse to his disciples, which makes the fate of the
Jewish nation the type of his last coming and of the end of the
world (Matt. xxiv.).
For the destruction of Jerusalem may well be called the coining
of the Son of Man, not only in just judgment upon those who had
rejected him ; not only as a sovereign visits with desolation a re-
bellious province that has refused all offers of mercy ; but as the
completion of the first great step in the establishment of his king-
dom upon earth. And since this is the most momentous revolu-
tionary epoch in the religious history of the world that ever was or
that ever shall be, it is fitly made, in the latter part of the discourse,
the type of the "coming of the Son of Man in the clouds of heaven
with power and great glory," to destroy all that is earthly and cor-
rupt in the Church and world, to "gather his elect from- the four
winds of heaven," to judge the quick and the dead, and to establish
his everlasting kingdom.
A. TABLES OF WEIGHTS.
+ 'OC gr. nearly.
+ 1-75 gr.
2 oz. nearly.
6 Ib. nearly.
+ -T5 gr.
2 oz. nearly.
12 11). nearly.
B. TABLES OF MONEY.
TABLE HI. OLD HEBREW MONEY. (Bv WBIOIIT.)
. . d.
Half-Shekel (Poll-tnx for
II. Or GOLD (AT .4 PEE oz. TKOV).
. . d.
100 Talent ,
NOTE. As the Gold Talent was twice the weight of the silver, and the
ratio of gold to silver was rather more than 12.1, these results agree closely
TABLE IV. MONEY OF THE ASMON^EAN PERIOD.
COPPKE, SlLVEK, AND GOLD.
. S. <?.
? Sixth (of Shekel) Copper .............................. C
H Quarter (of Shekel) Copper ..................... 009
3 2 Half (of Shekel) Copper and Silver ...... 1 C
6 4 _ 2 j Shekel Silver. .................. 030
Dane Gold ............................................... 120
NOTE. Herod's three Copper Pieces :
(1) Probably equal to the Quarter-Shekel .............. 9
(2) Half " .............. 1 C
(3) three times the first ............. 2 3
TABLE V. CURRENCY IN THE TIME OF CHRIST.
I. JEWISII AND ROMAN COPPEK. . . d.
Lepton(Mite) ............................................. OjL
2 Quadrans (Farthing) ............................. Oj
4 I Assarion or As (Penny) ................. CJ
II. ROMAN AND GREEK SII.VKB. . 8. d.
Denarius (Penuy), 1C times the As = Drachma ............ 009
2 Didrachm (of account) = Half-Shekel ............ 1 6
4 2 I Stater or Tetradrachm = Shekel ......... 3
GOLD MONEY is referred to in the New Testament, without
reference to specific values. The following were the pieces in
(1) The Imperial ATJEEUS, worth about ......................
(2) Greek STATERS, of probably about the same standard as)
the Persian Daric ..................................... )
The TALENT is often mentioned in the New Testament, but in a
manner which leaves it quite undetermined whether the word is
a translation of the old Hebrew kikkar, or whether it refers to the
Greek or other systems which prevailed throughout the East. Of
these systems the most general was :
(1) The ATTIO TALENT OF SILVER, worth about 243 15s., or)
But there were also
(2) The ECKOIC TALENT, worth 33S 10s. 10d., or nearly 340
(3) The ^EOINETAN, worth 400 5s., or approximately 410
C. TABLES OF iMEASURES.
s OF LKSGTH.
6 | Reed
Some authorities add
The Arabian Pale of 8 Cubits 12 6
The Measuring-line of flax (or Schcemip), of Ezek. xl. 3, of SO cubits 125
NOTK. According to the more common view, which makes the cnbit nearly
22 inches, all these measures would have to be increased in proportion.
TABLE VII. FOREIGN MKABIJKEB OF LKNGTII AND DISTANCE.
Roman Foot (Pes.)='9C of Gr
Greek Foot (iroSr
urlong (a-ra&tov) .
D. MEASURES OF CAPACITY.
TABLE VIII. HEBREW MEASURES OP CAPACITY FOR LIQUIDS.
TABLE IX. HEBREW MEASURES OP CAPACITY FOR THINGS DBY.
Homer or Cor 86-696 or 44-2SC 10f or 5J hushela
AAEON, 58. Appoiuted one of the
leaders of Israel, 61. Charged to
bring the people out of Egypt,
62. Sees God, 72. With his sons
anointed to the priesthood, 75. His
opposition to Moses, 77. His diso-
bedience, 80. His death, 81. As
Abarim, mountains of, 82.
Abdon, the Twelfth Judge, 133.
Abed-nego, 207, 211. '
Abel, his name, '22. His sacrifice and
Abiah, son of Samuel, 138.
Abiathar, sou of Ahimelech. In Da-
vid'8 camp, 151. High-priest, 154
Supports Adonijah, 105. Banished
and deposed from the priesthood,
Abigail, wife of Nairn!, 153. Married
to David, 153.
Abihu, sees God, 72.
Abijah, son of Kehoboam, his reign,
. , son of Jeroboam, his early
Abimelech, king of Gerar, 36.
, son of precedinz, 32.
- , son of Gideon, 130. Succeeds in
establishing a kingdom at Shechem,
130. His death, 131. Commonly
reckoned as the Sixth Judge, 130.
A.binadab, son of Saul, 154.
Abiram, rebellion of, 79.
Abishag the Shnnammite, 167.
Abishat, nephew of David, 157. His
rictory over the Edomites, 160, 163.
Abner, 153. Proclaims Ishbosheth as
king, 156. His death. 157.
Abraham, 29. His call, 31. God's
second promise to him, 32. Third
promise, 32. He rescues Lot, 33.
God's fourth promise to him, 34.
Change of his name, 34. Renewal
of the covenant, 34. Appearance of
the " three men " to him, 35. Dwells
at Beer-sheba, 3C. Birth of his son
Isaac, 36. Commanded to sacrifice
Isaac, 37. His return from Beer-
sheba, 38. Purchases the cave of
Machpelah, 3S. His death, 39.
Abram (see Abraham).
Absalom, son of David, 162. His plot
against his father, 162. His death,
Accad, foundation of, 30.
Achaia, its contributions for the poor
in Jerusalem, 336.
Achan, unfaithfulness of, 115.
Achaziah (see Ahaziah).
Acbish, king of Gath, 151, 153.
Acts of the Apostles, not a complete
apostolic history, 307, 349.
Adam, his creation, 20. Placed in
Paradise, 20. His temptation and
fall, 21. His punishment, 22. His
Adoni - zedec, king of Jerusalem,
makes a leasrne against Gibeon, 116.
His death, 117.
Adonijah, son of David, 165. His
Adullam, cave of, 151.
Agabus, predicts a famine, 323. Proph-
ecies of, 341.
Agag. taken prisoner by Saul, 145.
Agrippa, St. Paul's defense before,
(nee, Herod Agrippa).
Ahab, king of Israel, 179. Reign of,
Aha-/, kiiiit of Jndah, 197, 198.
Ahnziah,kinof Judah, his reign, 190.
Hi.* death. 191.
Ahaziah, king of Israel, son of Ahab,
Ahijah the Shilonite, 173, 178.
Ahimelech the high-priest, 151.
Ahinoam, wife of David, 353.
Ahio, sou of Abinadab, 158.
Ahithophel of Gilo, 162, 163.
Ai, attacked by the Israelites, 115.
Alcimus, high-priest, courts Demetri-
Alexander, sou of Aristobulus II.,
the Great, interview of, with
Alexander JannaHis, wars of, 231.
Alexandra, wife of Alexander Jaunce-
Altar of burnt-offering in the taber-
of Incense in the tabernacle, 95.
Amalekites, their origin, 70. Doomed
to ultimate extinction, 70. Defeat
the Israelites, 79. Saul commanded
to destroy the, 145.
Amariah the high-priest, 181.
Amaziah, sou of Joash, his reign, 194.
the high-priest, 195.
Ammonites, the, 131. Defeated by
Jephthah, 132. Defeated by Saul,
144. Conquered by David, 160.
Amnon, sou of David, 102.
Amon, king of Judah, 205.
Amorites, the, 81. Defeated by the
Israelites, 82. By Joshua, 116.
Amos the prophet, 195.
, Book of, 198.
Amram, 58. House of, chosen to per-
form functions of priesthood, 98.
Anakim, the giant, 118.
Ananias and Sapphira, the story of,
Ananias comes to Ctesarea to accuse
Paul before Felix, 343.
Andrew, follows Christ, 243. Com-
manded by Christ to let down his
nets, 249. Final call of, 249.
Anna, daughter of Phanncl, gives
thanks for the advent of Christ,
Annas, Christ in the house of, 287.
, high-priest, 350.
Annunciation, the, 238.
Antigonus, son of Aristobulus II., 232.
Repulsed by Herod, 233. Marches
upon Jerusalem, 233. Nominal sov-
ereignty of, 233.
Antioch, becomes a centre of the
Christian Church, 320. First Gen-
. tile Church formed at, and name of
Christian first heard at, 321. Pan,
and Barnabas at, 325. Paul at, 336.
Autiochus III., the Great, his war
with Ptolemy IV., 224. Becomes
master of Coele-Syria and Palestine,
IV., Epiphanes, 225. His cam-
paigns against Egypt, 225. His per-
secution of the Jews, 226. His
V., Eupator, succeeds his father.
VII., Sidetes, 229.
Antipater, his war against Aristobu-
lus II., 230. Governs Juda;a, 232.
, son of Herod, 234, 235.
Apollos of Alexandria, 337, 338.
Apostles, Twelve, choice of the, 255.
Character of their office, 256. Their
personal qualifications, 256. Lists
of the, 257. Attend Christ in his
second circuit of Galilee, 260. Sent
forth on their mission, 262. Their
failure in healing a case of demoni-
acal possession, 270.
, the, assembled, Christ's appear-
ance to, 303. His second appearance
to them with Thomas, 303. His
third appearance to them, 303. Be-
fore the Sanhedrim, 310. Continue
to teach and preach Jesus, 311.
Appii Forum, the Christians meet
Paul at, 348.
Aqnilaand Priscilla, St. Pnnl takes up
his abode with, 333. They incur
the risk of martyrdom, 334. Sail
with St. Paul from Cenchrese, 835.
Instruct Apollos, 333.
Arad, king, 81.
Aram, children of, 40.
Ararat as the resting-place of the Ark,
Araunah, the threshing-floor of, 165.
Archelans, son of Herod the Great,
named by Herod as his successor,
Aretals, espouses the cause cf Hyrca-
nus II., 231.
, father-in-law of Herod Autipas,
, his war with Herod, 317.
Aristobulus I., son of John Hyrcanns,
assumes the title of king, 230.
Ark, Noah commanded to prepare
the, 25. Construction and dimen-
sions of the, 28.
of the Covenant, 75, 77, 96, Cap.
tnred by the Philistines, 137.
Brought to Jerusalem by David,
158, 159. Deposited in the tem;)l<;,
Armenia, as centre of the race of
Arphaxad, 30, 40.
Asa, king of Judah, reign of, ISO.
Asahel, nephew of David, 157.
Asenath, wife of Joseph, 50.
Ashdod, 137, 202.
Asher, 44. Tribe of, 119.
Asherah, the, ISO.
Asia, St. Paul and his companions for-
bidden to preach the Gospel in. U20.
Asinonseaii kingdom established by
Ass, Balaam's, S3.
Assyria, 1!IG, 197.
Astarte (xee Baal).
Athaliah, wife of Jehornm, ICO. Her
usurpation and death, 191.
Athens, Paul at, 332.
, the sermon at, 332.
Atonement, the Day of, 107.
Augustus, Herod's sons brought be-
the high-priest, 100.
the prophet exhorts Asa, ISO.
Azazel, lot for, 107.
P.aal, service of. established in Israel
by Ahab and Jezebel, 1S3. Over-
thrown by Elijah, 184.
BaiiHha, 17S His reign, 179. Mas*a-
cre of his fainilv, 179.
Babel, city of, 30.
Babylon (nee Babel). Taken by Cyrns.
, First Epistle of Peter, written
Bacchides, 227, 22S.
Balaam, S4, 85.
Bnlak, son of Zippor, 82, S3, 84.
Baptism of John, 242.
Barabbas, his release demanded by
the people instead of that of Christ,
Barak, the Fourth Judge with Debo-
rah, 126, 127.
Baris, tower of, 229.
Bar-Jesus (see Elyinas).
Barnabas of Cyprus, self-sacrifice of,
310. Brings Saul to the apostles,
319. Sent to Autioch, 321. Seeks
out Saul at Tarsus, 321. His mis-
sion to Jerusalem, 323. Separated
with Saul for the mission to the
Gentiles, 324. His first missionary
journey with Paul, 324. His return
journey with Paul, 326. Separates
from Paul, and goes with John
Mark to Cyprus, 328.
Barzillai, the Gileadite, 164.
Bashan, 81, 82.
Bath-col, the, 242.
Bath-sheba, 101, 162.
Beer-sheba, Abraham at, 36.
, well of, 36.
Beatitudes, Mount of, the, 256, 257.
" Beautiful" gate, miracle at the, 309.
Bela, one of the five cities of the
plain, 33, 36.
Belshazzar, feast of, 212.
Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, killa
Adonijah and Joab, 16S.
Benedictus, the, 238.
I3en-hadad L, the Syrian king of
Damascus, invades the north of Is-
rael, 179. Continues the war, IT'.i.
II., his wars with Ahab, 186. His
III., defeated by Jehoash, 194.
Benjamin, birth of, 47. Goes into
Egypt, 51, 52. Tribe of, 119.
", destruction of, 123, 124.
Ben-oni (see Benjamin).
Berenice, sister of Herod Agrippa II.,
Berosa, noble-mindedness of the Je\vn
Bethabara, place of Christ's baptism,
Bethany, the family at, 274. The Sab-
bath spent at, 277.
Bethel, Abraham at, 32. Jacob nt, 43.
Beth-esda, miracle at the pool of, '2.' ;.
Bethlehem, birth of Christ at, 2oS.
Massacre of the babes in, 235.
Beth-sura, town of, 227.
Bethnel. son of Nahor, 33.
Bezalcel.artiflcerofthe tabernacle, 71.
Bilhah, 44. Children of, 44.
Bread, unleavened, 105, 10(5.
Burnt-offerings, 99, 100.
Bnrrus, prefect of the prrotorian gnnn!,
Paul delivered up to, 348.
Bush, burning of the, 00.
Cesar, Julius, assisted by Antipater,
232. Death of, 232.
Cresarea, city of, 234. Paul at, 341.
Tumult between the Jews and the
Syrian Greeks at, 344.
Ciesarea Philippi, city of, 234. Built
by Herod Philip, 241.
Caiaphas interrogates Christ, 287, 2SS.
, high-priesCdeposed, 313.
, the high-priest, his argument for
Christ's death, 276.
Cain, birth of, 22. Murders Abel, 23.
His condemnation, 23. Builds the
first city, 23. His descendants, 23,
Cainan, son of Seth, 24.
Caiuite race, 24, 25.
Caleb, 78, 79, 85.
Calf, molten, 73.
Caligula, 313, 320, 321.
Calrieh, foundation of, 30.
Cambyses, king of Persia, 217.
Cana, marriage-feast at, 243. Second
visit of Christ to, 247.
Oanaan, 27. Jacob's possession in,
Cnnaanites, 32. Defeat the Israelites,
Candlestick, golden, 96.
Canon, Scriptures collected into a, 217.
Capernaum, Jesus appears at, 248.
Return of Jesus to, 251.
Captivity of Israel, 198.
of J udah. First Captivity, 198.
the Great, 207.
Carmel, Mount, 184.
Cassins, governor of Syria, 232.
"Castor and Pollux," the ship in
which Paul embarked from Malta,
Centurion, conversion of the, 296.
Chaldaean astrologers, 211.
Chaldee language, 219.
Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, 33.
Cherubim in the tauernacle, 94.
Chilion, sou of Naomi, 125.
Cnimham, son of Barzillai, 164.
Chiuneroth, sea of, 117.
Ohorazin, Jesus repeats the doom of
woe upon, 259.
Christ, birth of, 238. His childhood
and youth, 239. Baptism of, 242.
Proclaimed the Son of God, 242,
His temptation in the wilderness,
242. His first miracle, 243. His
short abode at Capernaum, 243.
Purifies the temple, 245. His con-
verts .it the Passover, 245. Leaves
Jerusalem for the country of Judea,
and gathers converts who are bap-
tized by his disciples, 245. Retires
to Galilee, 246. His reception in
Galilee, 247. Date of his public
ministry in Galilee, 247. His second
visit to Cana, 247. Proclaims the
kingdom of heaven as at hand, 247.
Proclaims himself as the Messiah,
248. His final call to Andrew and
Peter, James and John, 249. Heal-
ing of the demoniac, 249. Healing
of Peter's wife's mother, 249. His
first circuit through Galilee, 251.
Cure of leprosy, 251. Returns to
Capernaum, 251. Cures the para-
lytic, 251. Claims the divine pre-
rogative of forgiving sin, 251. Goes
up_ to Jerusalem, 252. Heals the
cripple at Bethesda, 254. His first
great doctrinal discourse, 254. As-
serts his supremacy over the Sab-
bath, 254. Claims his divinity, 254.
The plots against his life, 254. Sec-
ond period of his ministry in Gali-
lee, 254. Defends his disciples fol
plucking corn on the Sabbath, 264.
Heals the man with the withered
hand, 254. Plot of the Pharisees
and Herodians against him, 255.
Retires to the shore of the Galilean
lake, 255. His miracles there, 255.
His preparations for organizing the
Christian Church, 255. His choice
of the Twelve Apostles, 255, 256.
His Sermon on the Mount, 257, 268.
Heals the servant of the centurion,
258. Restores the life of the son of
the widow of Nain, 258. His mes-
sage to John the Baptist in prison,
258. 259. His testimony to John,
259. Reveals himself as a indge,
269. Anointed, 259, 260. Makes
his second circuit of Galilee, 260.
His controversy with the Pharisees,
260. Heals the blind and dumb de
moniac, 260. The visit of his moth-
er and brethren, 260. His para-
bles, 2C1. Stills the storm, 261.
Heals the man possessed of a legion
of devils, 261. His second rejection
at Nazareth, 261. His third circuit
of Galilee, 261. Retires to a lonely
spot on the lake, 264. His first mir-
acle of the loaves and fishes, 266.
Its effect on the Galileans, 266, 267.
The Galileans wish to make him
king, 267. Walks upon the water,
267. His controversy, in which the
people desire a new sign, 26*. Re-
ttrce to the Decapolis, 268. His sec-
ond miracle of the loaves and fish-
es, 208. His encounter with the
Pharisees, Saddlicees, and Hero-
diaus, 268. Ascends the Jordan to
Caesarea Philippi, 269. Demands
full confession of faith from the dis-
ciples, 269. Reveals to the disci-
ples the mystery of his death and
resurrection, 269. His transfigura-
tion, 270. His last return to Caper-
naum, 271. Sets a little child in the
midst of the apostles, 271. His en-
ening discourse, 271. His final de-
parture from Galilee, 272. His jour-
ney through Samaria and rejection
there, 272. Appears at the Feast of
Tabernacles, teaching in the tem-
ple, 272. Proclaims himself the
Giver of the water of life, 273. Rep-
resents himself as the Good Shep-
herd, 273. At the Feast of the Ded-
ication, 274. Jews again attempt to
atone him, 274. Retires to Betha-
bara, 274. Raises Lazarus from the
dead, 275. In the home at Beth-
any, 274, 275. Council held concern-
ing, 275. Withdraws to Ephraim,
276. His return towards Jeru-
salem, 27(5. His denunciation of
Herod, 276. His progress through
Peraea, 276. Warns his discipes for
the third time of his pas-sion, death,
and resurrection, 277. Re - crosses
the Jordan to Jericho, 277. Spends
the Sabbath at Bethany, 277. Pre-
pares to present himself in the
temple at Jerusalem, 279. His re-
ception at Jerusalem, 279. Returns
to Bethany, 280. His second cleans-
ing of the temple, 280. The last day
of his public teaching, 280. Asks
the chief priests and scribes wheth-
er the baptism of John was from
heaven or of map, 281. His parables
concerning their rejection of him,
281. Devices to entrap him, 281.
Answers the Saddncees concern-
ing the resurrection, 281. His great
commandment, 281, 282. Ques-
tions the Pharisees, 282. Hi* de-
nunciation of the Scribes and Phar-
isees, 282. His lamentation over
Jerusalem, 203. His praise of the
poor widow, 283. His final depart-
ure from the temple, 283. His
prophecy of the destruction of Je-
rusalem and of the end of the world,
283, 284. Eats the Paschal Slipper
with his disciples, 285, 286. Wash-
es the feet of the disciples, 286. Re-
veals the treachery of Judas, 286.
Announces that his hour is come,
286. His commandment that they
should love one another, 2S6. His
prediction about Peter, 286. Ap-
points to meet the disciples in Gal-
ilee after his resurrection, 28C. His
last discourse and intercessory
prayer, 286. Goes out to the Mount
of Olives, 287. His agony in th
garden, 287. Surrenders himself
into the hands of the officers sent to
take him, 287. Sent to Caiaphas,
287. Interrogated by him, 287, 288.
Arraigned before the Sanhedrim,
288. Avows himself the Christ, the
Son of God, 289. Brought be/ore
Pilate, 289. Sent by him to Herod
Antipas, 290. Yielded up by Pilate
to the people, 291. Handed over to
the Roman soldiers, 291. Pilate's
last effort to save him, 291. Sen-
tence pronounced upon him by Pi-
late, 292. His crucifixion, 292-29G.
His sayings from the cross, 294-296.
Confides his mother to John, 295.
Portents following his death, 296.
Found already dead, 297. His side
pierced, 297. Testimony of St.
John, 297. Care of Pilate to ascer-
tain the truth of his death, 297. His