Dublin) Trinity College (Dublin.

A catalogue of graduates who have proceeded to degrees in the University of Dublin, from the earliest recorded commencements to July, 1866: with supplement to December l6, l868 online

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cording to their Seniority.

" 2. As my Lord comes in the Hall, Mr. Boyle^ is to receive
him with a short speech, by way of salutation, which done his
Lordshipp is to pass thro' the Hall to the Regent-house, there to
take his seate ; then to give oath to the Pro-Vice-Chancelloi'^
and after to the Proctors : the Vice-Chancellor, after his oath, is
to sitt in a chaire placed below my Lord's towards the right-hand,
the Provost towards the left — both with a table and cushion be-
fore them ; the Proctors, after their oath, are to take their seates
on the two sides of another table, so as their faces must bee
towards the Chancellor; this table to stand in the midle of the
house, the Register at the farther end of the table. The Candi-.
dates are to bee uncovered.

* This mention of the Senior Proc- University CaZe?u7«r (List of Fellows

tor's Book shows that the University at the year 1646).

Statutes, which it contains, were not c The Pro- Vice-Chancellor and

considered as abrogated by the new the Vice-Chancellor are spoken of as

Statutes of Charles I. They are both present, although the latter

commonly called Taylor's Statutes, only is sworn. The Chancellor was,

but were probably drawn up on the of course, present, as it was to cele-

basis of Temple's, by Provost Bedell, brate his re-instation in the office that

and corrected perhaps by Jeremy the Commencements were held. It is

Taylor. very unusual that a Pro-Vice-Chan-

>> This must have been Roger cellor should be present, or, indeed,

Boyle, admitted a Fellow by Royal that such an officer should exist, when

Letter in 1646, Dean of Cork, 1662, both Chancellor amd Vice-Chancellor

D. D., JEst. 1664, Bishop of Down were present. The paper was, pro-

and Connor, 1667, Clogher, 1672, bably, drawn up at the Herald's Office

died Nov. 26, 1687. Therefore these in the Castle ; and it was reasonable

Commencements must have been held that mistakes should be made as to the

between 1646 and 1662, or 1663. — See names and dates of University officers.


" 3. The Earle of Ossory's'' supplicat is to be made by my
Lord of Meath in such forme as his Lordship shall conceive fit,
and then to be, after the Placets are gathered, presented by my
Lord of Meath, and after lead him [_sic] to the Pro- Vice-Chancellor
who admits him ; and then the Bedel leads him to an empty
chair which stands beside the Proctors. Then the Bedel by
direction shall speak thus. Pone manum in manu Magistri, which
done, the Bedel shall say, respondebis qucestioni in aiwe Magistri
sedendo ; this hee must do, have his capp sett on by the Proctor,
and after he shall be led by the Bedel to his first seate.

"4. Then Mr. Bishopp*" reads all the supplicates for Doctors
of Divinity, and by the Vice-Chancellour's direction, the Bedel is
to cry, A d scruliniiim primo : after a pause, by a second direc-
tion, hee cries Ad scrutinium secundo : then the Proctors gather
Placets on both sides the house, and meetinge at the end consult,
and the Seniour Proctor answers Placet or Non placet, as they find
it ; {{Placet^ the Bedel goes down and brings upp the candidates,
and leading them round about the Regent-house, sahites all the

* The Earl of Ossory, here men- after the present Commeucements.
tioned, must have been Thomas, Earl ^ The Mr. Bishop, here mentioned,

of Ossory, eldest son of James, first was probably James Bishop, who was

Duke of Ormonde, and father of elected a Fellow in 1637, the first

James, second Duke ; who was Chan- election under the new Statutes. He

cellor of the University in 1688. The seems to have left College, probably

Bishop of Meath who presented the on a living, but in 1644 was admitted

Earl of Ossory for his Degree, was Senior Fellow by Mandamus of the

probably Henry Jones, who was Lord Deputy. It does not appear

Bishop of that see from 1661 to his that he was a Senior Fellow in 1662.

death, in 168 1, and Vice-Chancellor But he may have been present at

of the University from 1651. It is these Commencements, where he

strange that the only Earl of Ossory seems to have acted as Professor of

mentioned in our Books as having Divinity. We do not find, however,

taken any Degree here, is James, se- that he ever rose to the degree of

cond Duke of Ormonde, who was ad- D.D. in this University. {Vid. infra,

mitted A. M. ad eund. from Cam- p. 46, line 9.) But all things in those

bridge, 1680, and took the degrees of revolutionary times were so out of

LL.B., andLL. D.,in 1681, Seeinfra, joint, that we can draw no certain

p. 83, line 22. Butthis was some years conclusion from irregularities.


University, and brings them down againe. Then hee cries Ad
scrutinium tertio : then the Proctors gather Placets againe, and
returne Placet. And after a pause, demands Placet ut intrent.
Aher Placets gathered, the Bedel leads the prsecentor* downe,
and both bringe upp the Candidates, the father presents them.
All the Masters, after they are presented, are to doe as the Earl
of Ossory, before as the Doctors of Divinity."

The following speech, which is preserved amongst the papers
of the College, was probably delivered on this occasion. It is
headed : —

" Lord Lieutenant's Speech, when the Instrument of Chancellor of the
University was presented him.
*' Gentlemen,

" After so learned a speech, I must return you plain thanks
in English. The honour you have done me, I value above any I ever re-
ceived, next that I now hold from his Majesty, and shall- be ready in acknow-
ledgement thereof to serve jou in all things the best I may. I shall not make
protestations. This book shall be my judge that I shall not fail herein, altho'
it should cost me the price it did that worthy person mentioned."''

At a later period the Masters of Arts seem to have acquired,
or usurped, a power, not recognized in the University Statutes,
of addressing the Senate, and making motions, or proposing re-
solutions. This was a serious innovation, and led to disastrous
consequences. A remarkable instance is on record. A Master of
Arts, one Edward Forbes, at the Summer Commencements (12th
of July, 1708), the same day on which he was himself admitted
to the degree of M. A., took occasion to give utterance to some
very disloyal sentiments respecting the title of Queen Anne to
the throne. He is reported to have said that she had no better
right to sit on the throne of Great Britain than her predecessor,

' The term Prcecentor does not versity Statutes, cap. xi.
occur before as the title of an officer *> The "worthy person," here al-

ofthe University, but we have mention ludedto, ifnot Strafford, was probably

of music in connexion with Theolo- Laud, the Duke of Ormonde's im-

gical Degrees, " ad reficiendas au- mediate predecessor in the office of

ditorura mentce," in Temple's Uni- Chancellor.


using the offensive phrase that the title of both sovereigns rested
on the same foundation, " eodem nititur fundamento." We have
no means of knowing what pretence Forbes had for addressing
the assembly at all, or why he was allowed to do so. He seems
to have spoken in Latin, as the University Statutes required ;
and his words gave the greatest offence. They were regarded
as an open defiance to the loyalty of the nation. Forbes was
expelled from the College by the Provost and Senior Fellows,
and suspended from every Degree, suscepto rel suscipiendo ;
and then afterwards at a meeting of the Vice-Chancellor, Doctors
and Masters, 2nd August, 1708, deprived and degraded by the
University. A strong declaration of loyalty was then drawn up
and circulated.^ This document is, of course, in Latin, and is
worth preserving here : —

" Cum quidara mali feriati homines, et alii plurimi (quibus Veritas non
satis perspecta sit) inclytam hujus Regni Academlam criminentur, quasi sedi-
siosos quosdam etin serenissimam nostram Reginam Annara, ejusque regimen
male animates gi-emio suo alat et foveat. Nos Vice-Cancellarius, Doctores, et
Magistri Academlam pr^dictag, in domo Congregationis solenniter congregati,
ut gravem banc oaluraniam repellamus, et ab eadem tam nos ipsos, quam

■^ A vindication of the University, was in pursuance of the said Sus-

in Latin and English, printed in pa- pension, Deprived and Degraded."

rallel columns, was published in a A copy of this printed broadside

broad sheet with the following title: — (pi'obably unique) is in the Li-

" Declaration of the University of brary of the College. Vol. i.. No. 81,

Dublin. Made and subscribed upon of a collection of similar documents,

the second day "of August, 1708, by entitled "Irish Pamphlets," said to

the Vice-Chancelloi', Doctors and have been made by Lord Mornington,

Masters of the same, congregated in father of the Great Duke of Welling-

their Regent House. At the time ton. The original, with the autograph

when one Mr. F., a Master of Arts signatures of the Vice-Chancellor

of the said University (being for (St. George Ashe, Bishop of Clogher),

scandalous words, reflecting on the the Provost (Peter Browne), the

memory of King William, expelled Archbishop ofDublin(Winiam King),

the College, and by the Provost and and 93 other members of the Senate,

Senior Fellows suspended from all is still extant on a long parchmentroll,

Degrees, taken, or to be taken), preserved among the College papers.


almam nostram Matrem vindicemus, unanimiter declaramus, notumque uni-
versis facimus per praesentes,

" I. Quod agnosclmus gratoque animo recolimus hujus tam Academlae
quam Regni et Ecclesiae salutem et prosperum quo nunc fruuntur statum,
necnon ab ingruente Papisino cum tyrannide securitatem, Divino favente
Numine, nuperse rerum sub serenissimo nostro et pise memorise Rege,Guilielmo
Tertio mutationi omnino deberi,

" 2. Quod Deo Opt. Max. gratias referimus ob continuatam nobis auctara-
que hanc nostram felicitatem sub imperio Serenissimse nostrse Reginas Annse,
quo ut ipsa per multos annos potiatur exoptamus et precamur.

" 3. Quod futurse hujus, tam Academise quam Ecclesiae et Regni securi-
tatis, spes nostra a coronse horum regnorum successione lege stabilita et ad
Reformatse Religionis professores limitata sub Divino favore omnino de-

"Et si quis hujus Academise alumnus (quod absit) huic nostras Declara-
tioni se quovis modo, sive verbo sive scriptis opposuerit, eum nos pro seditioso
publicse pacis turbatore, Ecclesiseque reformatse oppugnatore habituri sumus ;
in eumque juxta laudabiles nostras leges et statuta animadverteraus.

" Factaque a nobis hac publica et solenni declaratione, speramus neminem
fore adeo iniquum et a charitate destitutum ut palam declaret aut clanculum
insinuet Academiam nostram vel minimum favere illis quos aut Famam
nuperi nostri Regis Guilielmi Isedere, aut erga serenissimam nostram Reginam
Annam, minus fideles esse aut successioni ad coronam Statutis Regni limi-
tatse aversari deprehenderit.

"In cujus rei testimonium nomina nostra subscripsimus : — "

It will be seen that Forbes was first expelled from the College
by the Provost and Senior Fellows, and suspended from his De-
grees ; afterwards deprived and degraded by the University.
It was necessary that he should be first expelled by the College,^
by which expulsion he ceased to be a student, and lost the right
to a Degree which the Charter of Elizabeth gave him. The
University was therefore free to deal with him as if he had never
been a member of the College.

* On the 29th January, 161 1, one withthe approbation of Dr. Challoner^

Florence Nally, a Master of Arts, was who was then Vice-Chancellor, and

expelled for immorality. Here again Vice- Master, or Vice-Provost, the

the expulsion was by the unanimous Provost (Temple) being absent,
consent of the Fellows then present,


The vindication of the University, which we have just
quoted, was drawn up and subscribed within the month after the
commission of the offence, but notwithstanding that and the se-
vere punishment of the offender, the matter was not dead. Two
years afterwards the University presented an address to the
Queen on the subject.*

We have no evidence to tell whether Forbes did, or did not
take part in the agitation that followed. But there is no doubt
that an active party grew up in the University, with a great
sympathy for Forbes ; and made continual efforts to obtain the
reversal of his sentence. We learn from Dr. Edward Synge,
then Chancellor of St. Patrick's Cathedral (afterwards Bishop of
Eaphoe, and Archbishop of Tuam), that these efforts continued
to be made for several years. His words are these : —

" I remember particularly the constant efforts made in the
University of Dublin {hy persons without doorSi against the
judgement of the Provost and Fellows, who did all they could
to oppose them, and God be thanked, prevail'd), at every Com-
mencement for several years, to procure a repeal of the sentence
against Forbes, and a rasure of those wicked words eodem nititur
fundamento, which placed the title of the late Queen on the same
foot with that of her glorious predecessor, out of the publick
Register of the University."''

There is on record another example of these disturbances in

"■ This Address will be found on a Masters of the said University, in

printed Broadside in the same volume Congregation assembled, April 19,

of curious Papers (collected by Lord 17 11.

Mornington), which we have already "^ See p. 75 of his pamphlet, en-
referred to (Irish Pamphlets, A^ol. titled: — "Vindication of a Sermon
I., No. 42). The title of this rare preached before the House of Com-
piece is as follows : — "To the Queen's mons of Ireland, on Saturday, 23rd'
Most Excellent Majesty The humble October, 1725, in which the question
Address of the Vice-Chancellor of concerning toleration is further con-
the University of Dublin, Provost sidered, in answer to the Rev. Mr.
and Fellows of Trinity College, Dub- Eadcliffe's Letter. By Edward Synge,
lin, together with the Doctors and A. M. Dublin^ 1726. [The date



the Senate, which took place on Shrove Tuesday, 17 14, when
there was a difference between the College and the University,

seems to show that this was a raprint,
for in 1726 Synge was Archbishop of
Tuam.] The sermon, here alluded
to, was preached in 17 11, on the
anniversary of the great Irish rebellion
of 1 64 1, at St. Andrew's Church,
Dublin: the text was Luke, xiv.,
23 : — " Compel them to come in."
The sermon is entitled :— " The Case
of Toleration considered." It advo-
cated Charter Schools, " to provide
for the conversion of Papists," but
if that was found to be impracticable,
it recommended "a toleration of those
Papists who disclaimed those notions
of their Church which are subversive
of civil government." For this sermon
Mr. Synge was thanked by the House
of Commons, but incurred the disap-

Vicar of Naas, who answered the
sermon, and was replied to by SjTige,
in the pamphlet here quoted. This
Edward Synge is not to be confounded
with the Edward Synge (his son),
who was Fellow of Trinity College,
Bishop successively of Clonfert,
ClojTie, Ferns, and Elphin ; nor with
another (who was his father). Bishop
of Limerick, afterwards Cork, and
died 2znd Dec, 1678. This family
was of Bridgenorth ; their ancestor
was named ISIillington ; he was a
singing man of the choir there, and
took the name of Singe, or S}Tige,
from his profession. The following
table will show the relationship of
the Synges, who were bishops in
Ireland : —

proval of Mr. Stephen RadcIifFe,

Millington, alias Synge, of Bridgenorth.

Thomas Synge.

George, (Alderman and Bailiff of Bridgenorth), ob. 1601.

Richard, (Alderman and Bailiff, ibid.), ob. 1631.

George, Bishop of Cloyne, cons. 1638 ;
died at Bridgenorth, 1653.

Samuel, Dean of Kildare; ob. 30th
Nov. 1708.

Ed^yard, Bishop of Limerick, 1660;
Cork, Cloyne, and Boss, 1663 ;
ob. 22nd Dec. 1678.


Edward, Bishop of Raphoei
17 14 ; Archbishop of Tuam,
1716; died 23rd July, 1741.

Nicholas, Archdeacon of Dublin,
J 743 ; Bishop of Killaloe,

Edward, FeU.Trin. Coll.,
Dubl., 17 10 ; Bishop of
Clonfert, 1730; Cloyne,
1731 ; Ferns, 1733;
Elphin, 1740; diedigth
Jan. 1762.


and when the former left the meeting, refusing to return at
the requisition of the Vice-Chancellor.^ It is clear that the
party that sympathized with Forbes were the movers in this
business ; but it is strange that the Vice-Chancellor should have
taken their side, which can only be attributed to weakness
on his Grace's part, the consequence, probably, of old age.^
The following notice of this Commencement occurs in Boyer's
"Political State of Great Britain"" :—

"A Commencement being held on the 9th Febr. in Trinity College, Dub-
lin, several of the Students had prepared to take their Degrees, but were
dissappointed. For several of the Graduates and Non- Resident Masters of
Arts having made a motion to the Vice Chancellor, the ABp. of Tuam, that
the sentence of Forbes' Degradatio might be read before any public business
should be gone upon, the ABp. was for having the same read as they pro-
posed. But it being believed that the reading of it was in order to have an
act obtained to repeal the said sentence, the Vice Provost and the Senior
Fellows of the College opposed its being read : and by withdrawing them-
selves prevented the assembly from proceeding further in that affair. Where-
upon the Commencement was adjourned to the 12th instant."

Dr. Miller cites the account*^ given by the College itself of this
occurrence, as evidence that "incongruities existed in the govern-

^ See Dr. Miller's Exam, of the Masters sent to them the following

Charter, &c., p. 6. message: — ' Procuratores, Registra-

^ John Vesey was 37 years Arch- rius, et Bedellus citantur et requi-

bishop of Tuam, and had been before runtur comparere in domo Regentium

that 6 years Bishop of Limerick. He sub poena juris et contemptus.' To

died 28th March, 1716, aged 79. which message the Vice-Provost and

*= Vol. vii., for 17 14, p. 116. the Senior Fellows sent the following

"^ This account, given in the Re- answer: — ' Procuratores, Registrarius,

gister (in loc), is as follows : — et Bedellus postquam Vice-Prteposi-

" 17 if February 9. This day the turn et Socios Seniores certiores fece-
Vice-Provost's negative was not al- rint de nuntio per reverendos viros
lowed in the Regent-house, where- Doctores Hamilton et Gourney ad
upon the Vice-Provost withdrew from eos misso, cum orani humilitate sen-
thence into the Provost's house, and tentiam suam offerunt, quod sine con-
was followed by the rest of the Senior sensu Vice-Praepositi et Sociorura
Fellows, Junior Proctor, and Beadle ; Seniorum nihil in hac re tuto agere
and then the Vice-Chancellor and posse existimant. Et insuper Vice-


ment of the University, "and that there was "a general uncertainty
in regard to the respective rights ofthe Vice-Chancellor and the
Vice-Provost." But where is the evidence of the least uncer-
tainty? "The Vice-Provost's negative was not allowed in the
Kegent-house," whereupon he at once withdrew, "and was
followed by the rest of the Senior Fellows, the Junior Proctor,*
and Beadle." They acted promptly, and maintained their
ground without any symptom of doubt or hesitation. It was
perfectly certain that the Vice-Provost, in the Provost's ab-
sence, had a veto by the University Statutes, and the result
proved that the Vice-Provost was right in the opinion which he
and his colleagues unequivocally asserted, " quod sine consensu
Vice-Praepositi et Sociorum Seniorum nihil in hac re tuto agere
posse existimant." They promised to return at once to the Ke-
gent-house, if the Vice-Chancellor would proceed to confer
the Degrees, or to transact any other business to which the
Vice-Provost could consent. Here there is assuredly no doubt
or uncertainty. And yet Dr. Miller says, " we see the Vice-
Provost and Senior Fellows alleging confusedly the Charters,
Laws, and Customs of the University, without venturing to par-
ticularize the grounds of their resistance." Can anything be
more unfair than this statement ? Confusedly I Where is the
confusion? They respectfully inform the Vice-Chancellor that
without the consent of the Board, nothing can be safely (i. e,
legally) done in this matter. Neither do they exhibit any re-

Prsepositus et Socii Seniores notum suetudlnes Academise.' Upon the

faciunt quod ipsi cum oflficiariis suis receiving this message, the Vice-

prsedictis sine ulteriore mora in dome Chancellor adjourned the Commence-

Regentium se sistent si tibi visum fue- ment to February the eleventh."

rit, reverendissime Vice-Cancellarie, Miller, p. 6.

procedereadcollationemgraduumaut * The Senior Proctor is not men-
ad alias res peragendas quibus Vice ■ tioned, because he was one of the
Prsepositus consenserit : aliter humil- Senior Fellows. The Provost was
lime petunt ut eos excusatos habere absent, and therefore the Vice-Pro-
digneris, nolentes aliquid agere contra vost took his place with the same
Chartas fundatorias, Leges et Con- powers and rights.


-luctance to state the grounds of their resistance. They tell the
Vice-Chancellor that they cannot willingly do anything in vio-
lation of the Foundation Charters, or of the " Leges et C on-
suetudines " of the University. By these they meant the Uni-
versity Statutes, which were called on their title-page Leges sen
Hegulce et Consuetudines, and to which the Vice-Provost owed his
right to a veto.* But it will be observed that they call the
Proctors and Bedell their officers, not the officers of the Vice-
Chancellor, because the election of those officers was, by the
Statutes of Charles, committed to the Provost and Senior Fel-
lows. The Vice-Chancellor adjourned the Commencements,
and conferred no Degrees.'' He was compelled to submit to the
Vice-Provost's*^ view of the law, and his adjourning the Com-
mencement was equivalent to an admission that he was wrong.

The disturbances, however in the Senate, kept up for so
many years, were most probably one cause of the agitation
against the University Statutes, which then possibly began. It
will be observed that in the foregoing narrative " the publick
Registry of the University" is alluded to, and the " Sentence of
Forbes's Degradation " proposed to be read.

Hence it appears that the public Register*^ and other Books
and records of the proceedings of the University were then in

' Dr. Miller seems to have over- which the Board were willing to re-
looked this when he called this re- turn made known to him, he dis-
ference to the Laws and Customs solved the Comitia without any at-
of the University confused. It was tempt at punishing them. The only
simply a reference to the University punishment was that inflicted on
Statutes by quoting their title-page. the students, who were sent away

** If the word confusion is to be without their Degrees, although they

applied to any part of this transaction, had committed no fault,

it seems to belong most properly to •= The Vice-Provost on this re-<

the Vice-Chancellor's citation, calling markable occasion was Richard Bald-

upon the Vice-Provost to return to win, who afterwards became Provost

the Regent-house, sub poena juris et in 1717. — See Univ. Calendar,

contemptus, without saying what this ^ In the College accounts for Sept.

pcena was, and when his threat was 1609, we have this item : — For a book

disregarded, and the conditions upon of Register of Matriculation into the


existence. No such books are now extant, nor are they
known to have existed within the memory of any person now
living. The late Yice-Provost, Dr. Barrett, was of opinion that
they were destroyed, or made away with, by Provost Eichard
Baldwin, in order to put a final stop to the agitation about
Forbes, and the constant motions made in the Senate to have
the Books of the University produced.

Baldwin was indeed an arbitrary man, and a determined
Whig (in the old, not in the present modern sense of the word) ;
political feeling at the time ran very high, owing to the rebellion
in Scotland, in favour of the Pretender in 1 7 1 5. It was quite in
accordance with the character of the man, that finding a trouble-
some party in the University, acting with the enemies of the
constitution, he should endeavour by every means to crush them.

We hear no more of Edward Forbes.^ After his expulsion
he seems to have taken no part in the attempts made to procure