Dublin) Trinity College (Dublin.

A catalogue of graduates who have proceeded to degrees in the University of Dublin, from the earliest recorded commencements to July, 1866: with supplement to December l6, l868 online

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a Grammar School, probably to keep up their original agreement
with the City. We find entries in the Books of Trinity College
to this effect.*' The old College of Physicians, or the original
Bridewell, seems to have consisted of a good-sized qua-
drangle.*^ It occupied the western end of what is now St.

" Belcher, Register, p. 18. The Books and Registers of the Univer-

New Charter is dated 15th Dec. 1692. sity, as distinguished from those of

>> "July 9, 1694, Sir Smith chosen the College, were lost in Baldwin's

Master of the School of Trinity Hall." time (ob. 1758): the papers, copied

"Nov. 20, 1694, Lease ordered of by Dr. Barrett (ob. 1821), are all

Trinity Hall for 41 years to Matth. safe, and in the custody of the

Shaw." — Balcher^MemoirofDr.John College. Mr. Gilbert says: "Tri-

Stearne, p. 28, n. Again, "Jan. 24, nity Hall appears to have been de-

17 10, two Leases ordered to Dr. John molished early in the last century."

Barton of Trinity Hall, perfected for — Hist.ofDuhL, p. 17.
40 years." — Dr. Belcher, Memoir of u6ZiM, iii., 327), quotes and Ulster — De Burgo, uhi supra,

a passage from "a Dublin writer in p. 5".
1634," giving an account of the cos-


and the Mayor of Dublin, with a file of musqueteers, given them
by order of the Lord Justices,* entered the house of the
Capuchins in Cook-street, but the congregation rose against
them, and they narrowly escaped with their lives.*' This was
about Christmas (according to some on St. Stephen's day), 1629,
and an account of the riot was at once transmitted by the Lords
Justices to the Privy Council in England, who sent an order, dated
the 31st of January following, that all such disaffected Houses
should be demolished or converted to some public uses, for the
King's service. •=

In pursuance of this order several convents and " Mass-
houses," as they were then irreverently called, were seized by
the Government. On the 19th of February, i6|^, the College
petitioned the Lords Justices'' for one of the suppressed " Mass

* "A fraternity of Carmelites"
[read Capuchins] *' appeared in the
habit of their order, and publicly ce-
lebrated their religious rites in one of
the most frequented parts of Dublin.
The archbishop of the diocese, and
the chief magistrate of the city, whose
indignation was roused at this defiance
of law and government, led a party
of the army to their place of worship,
and attempted to disperse the as-
sembly. The friars and their con-
gregation repelled the attack by force,
and obliged the assailants to consult
their safety by a precipitate flight.
The incident was represented in Eng-
land in the most offensive manner,
and seemed to reproach that mis-
taken lenity, which had encouraged
the recusants to this outrage. It was
deemed neither safe nor politic to
connive at such insolence ; by an or-
der of the English Council fifteen re-
ligious houses were seized to the
king's use, and the Popish college.

erected in Dublin, was assigned to
the University, who for the present
converted it into a Protestant semi-
nary."— Leland,S'i5^ of Ireland^ vol.
iii. (8vo, Dublin^ 1814), p. 7. The
" Popish College," spoken of by Le-
land, was probably the Jesuit College
in Back-lane. Gilbert {Hist, of Dub-
lin, vol. iii., p. 299,) speaks of this
event as having occurred in the church
of the Franciscans, Cook-street. But
the Capuchins were a branch of the

'' See Dr. Moran, Archbishops of
Dublin, L, pp. 316, 317.

•= Rob. Ware, Foxes Sf Firebrands,
part ii., pp. 72-77, Elrington's Life
of Ussher, p. 105, where we should
read " Capuchins " for Cannelites,
and "Cook-street" for Cork-street.

^ The Lords Justices at this time
were Sir Adam Loftus, Viscount
Ely, Lord- Chancellor ; and Sir Rich.
Boyle, Earl of Cork, Lord High


Houses." But it was thought fit to give them no less than three —
two in Bridge-street, and one in Back-lane. The two in Bridge-
street were, one of them a Capuchin convent, and the other an
ordinary secular chapel; the third, in Back-lane, was a College
of the Jesuits.*

The " Mass House " in Back-lane, according to Mr. Gilbert,
" a fair collegiate building," was called Kildare Hall, because
the ground on which it stood had been leased to Wentworth,
Earl of Kildare'' by the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, to
whom it belonged.

On the 14th of September, 1630, we find from the Eegister
of Trinity College that "two Bachelors were appointed Masters
in Bridge-street, their place to be annually elective." Again,
" 1 8th April, 1634, another was appointed Lecturer of all the
Scholars undergraduates in Bridge-street, to receive a quarterly
Tuition ; and also the same quarterly rent for their chambers
there, as were paid for chambers in College, viz., o. 3. 4. from
a F. Commoner, and o. 1.8. from a Pensioner." In July 1630,
we have the following note : " The Provost and Fellows have
lent £20 Ster. for the furnishing of the new College. It is
further agreed that the two last classes shall remain there for
two years (except Fellow Commoners) ; the Kector is to be their
Tutor, and elective annually." This probably relates to the
house in Bridge-street,*^ which seems to have been called " New

' Gilbert, Hist, of Dublin^ vol. i., chapel, for a similar reason, was
p. 328. He adds:— "The University called "Kildare Chapel." — Gilbert,
located about eighteen scholars in Hist, of Dublin., p. 242,
this convent [in Bridge-street] which •= Dr. Barrett has said, "Whether
was styled St. Stephen's Hall; pray- this relates to the Mass House so be-
ers being read there twice a day, and stowed, or to Trinity Hall, I am not
it continued to be known as the Col- certain." The Mass House in Back-
lege in Bridge-street, down to the lane "was subsequently converted
year 1647." See Elrington's Life of into a Government hospital, for which
Ussher, p. 106, n. purpose it was used till the conclusion

'' At an annual rent of £12. The of the reign of Charles II.— Gilbert,


Mr. Gilbert, quoting " a traveller in 1635,"* gives the follow-
ing account of the Jesuit establishment in Back- lane, which had
now been granted to the University : —

" I saw the Church, which was erected by the Jesuits, and made use of by
them two years. There was a College also belonging unto them; both these
erected in the Back-lane. The pulpit in this Church was richly adorned with
pictures, and so was the high altar, which was advanced with steps and railed
out like cathedrals ; upon either side thereof were there erected places for
confession : no fastened seats were in the middle, or body thereof, nor was
there any chancel ; but that it might be more capacious, there was a gallery
erected on both sides, and at the lower end of this Church, which was built in
my.Lord Faulkland's time, and whereof they were disinvested, when my
Lord Chancellor (Loftus) and my Lord of Corke excuted by commission the
Deputy's place. This College is now joined and annexed to the College of
Dublin, called Trinity College, and in this Church there is a lecture every

Mr. Gilbert adds : — " An annuity of forty pounds was paid
for a few years by the Earl of Cork, to maintain these lectures ;"
and a writer in 1643, arraigning the Earl of Strafford's govern-
ment of Ireland, states that : —

" When the late Lord Chancellor Loftus, and the Earl of Cork were
Lords- Justices, they endeavoured to suppress the Masse-houses in Dublin,
and to convert them to pious uses, one of which was in the street called Back-
lane they disposed of to the University of Dublin, who placed a Rector and
Scholars in it, and maintained a weekly lecture there, to which lecture the

Hist.ofDuhlin^i.^-^^.^AZ- Dr. Belcher have the following account'of these

says (Memoir of Dr. Stearnp, p. 16, Halls: — "The whole species of the

note) :—" This house was afterwards University of Dublin was for many

a military hospital, and Tailor'' s Hall years preserved in the iudividuum of

now stands on its site. — Census of this one College. But, since, this

Ireland for 1S51 ; Report and Status instrument hath made better music,

of Disease, p. 91." when what was but a monochord be-

See Travels of Sir W. Brereton fore hath got two other smaller strings

{CJietham Societij), pp. 141, 142. unto it— the addition of Xew College

^ \n Yn]\ev's Church Hist, of Bri- and Kildare lUW—Tegg's Edit.

tain (34Eliz. Book ix., cent. 16), we Lond. 1837, vol. iii., p.



Lords Justices and State of Ireland did usually resort, to the great countenan-
cing of the Protestant religion there. But after the Earl of Strafford came to
the government, the lecture was put down, the scholars displaced, and the
house became a Masse-house as it had formerly been."*

It is very doubtful whether the gift of these houses was of
any benefit to the College. It appears by a receipt, dated 20th
April, 1637,'' that the College " paid £10 a year to Edw. Jans,''
for one-half of the house in Bridge-street in the hands of the
College ; the rest of the rent was to be paid by one White, to
whom it had been formerly let,"

But the troublous times were now at hand ; public opinion
was disorganized, rents, over the whole country, were Avithheld,
and the College was reduced to the greatest extremity, for want
of funds. In every part of Ireland, dissafi'ection and dissatis-
laction with the government of the country prevailed. An order
of Parliament, 8th June, 1641, prohibited all elections to Fel-
lowships and Scholarships until further notice : and the same
year the great Irish Rebellion broke out.

It was not possible, therefore, for the College to support the
additional expenses, created by these new Halls or Schools,
and they were soon allowed to get into disrepair. The Charter
and Statutes of Charles I. make no mention of additional Halls or
Colleges in the University ; nor is it easy to say how long they
continued. But we have seen that the College paid a rent,** for
at least one of them, up to April, 1637, which was therefore
in the possession of the College until then. This is con-
firmed by the curious fact that it was made the i8th article
of the Impeachment of the Earl of Strafford, " That, for the
better effecting of his traiterous Designs and wicked Purposes,
he did endeavour to draw dependency upon himself of the Pa-

' A Declaration of the Commons, ward Jones " who was Mayor of

concerning the Rise and Progress of Dubhnini627 — 'SV&ve^Antiq.Dubl.^

the Grand EebeUion in Ireland. 1705, p. 170.

Lond., 1643, p. 6. ^ This seems to have been head

'' Entered in the Register. rent, or ground rent.

" This was probably the same "Ed-


pists in both kingdoms of England and Ireland, and to that end,
and during the time of his Governrnent in Ireland, he restored
divers Fryeries and Masse-Houses (which had been formerly
suppressed by the precedent Deputies of that Kingdom ; two of
which Houses are in the City of Dublin, and had been assigned
to the use of the University there) to the pretended Owners
thereof, who have since imployedthe same to the Exercise of the
Popish religion."*

To this the Earl answered : — " When the Earl of Cork was
one of the Lords Justices, he seized some Houses in Dublin, pre-
tending they belonged to Jesuits and Fryers, without Legal Pro-
ceedings, which, upon suits prosecuted at Council-Board, were,
according to Justice, restored to the Owners ; but how since im-
ployed, the Earl of Strafford knoweth not,"'' but endeavoured
the utmost he could to maintain that seizure."

This short and necessarily imperfect account of the Halls, or
Colleges, once received into the body of the University, will
sufficiently explain the allusions which occur in Temple's Sta-
tutes, to the existence of more than one College.*'

* The Tryal of Thomas Earl of from the College in which he lives,

Strafford, by John Rushworth. Lon- a Collegio inquo elegit (quoted above,

don, 1680, p. 69. p. xxix., note a). The same chap-

^ Ibid., p. 27. ter adds: — " Hanc approbationem ita

" For example, in cap. 14, which is necessariara censemus ut qui earn ad

headed De iis qui contra Leges Aca- Pro-Cancellarium et reliquum Aca-

demice Gradum Academicum petunt, demise Caput non attulerit, idque

et qui sic petentihus suffragantur, subscriptam manu vel Praesidis Col-

we have the following words: "Ac legii, vel Decanorum, &c." Another

porro si quis sic petenti sufFragatus allusion to other Colleges occurs in

deprehendatur, su-ejuriraim zn a%Mo chap. vi. (quoted above, p. xxxv.,

CoZ%io, sive publice in Senatu Aca- note b), which creates a difficulty,

demico, nisi ex inscientia deliquerit, because this chapter is in Temple's

volumus et statuimus, ut ferendi suf- handwriting. But a close inspection

fragii potestate in quavis causa Aca- will show that the words Collegii in

demica per integrum biennium ipso quo Candidati degunt are an inter-

facto privetur." Again, cap. 15, "The polation, not in Temple's hand, but

private grace is defined to be the in that of the same scribe who wrote

approval of his being proposed to the cap. 17.
Senate, which the Candidate receives


It remains now only to return my thanks to Mr. Charles IMiller
of Trinity College, who undertook the very great labour of tran-
scribing all the names of the Graduates, inserting their Degrees
and dates in the proper places, arranging them in alphabetical
order, and seeing that they were printed in an uniform manner.
It is not easy to overrate even the mechanical labour and tedium
of such a work. I have also to return my warmest and most
grateful thanks to my excellent friend, the Rev, William
Reeves, D. D., of Armagh, who read all the proof sheets, and
corrected innumerable errors. It is to him a real pleasure to give
his valuable aid to every literary work. He spares neither his
time, nor labour, to assist such of his friends as may be engaged
in any research, to which he can contribute the assistance of his
great learning.


Senior Fellotv of Trinity College, and Regius Professor
of Hebrew in the University of Dublin.

Trinity College, Dublin.
February 1869.


B. A Bachelor in Arts.

M. A.— Master in Arts.

Lie. Eng.— Licentiate in Engineering.

LL. B. — Bachelor in Laws.

M. B Bachelor in Medicine.

Mus. B.— Bachelor In Music.

B. D., or S. T. B Bachelor in Divinity, or in Sacred Theology.

M. Eng.— Master in Engineering.
LL. D. — Doctor in Laws.

M. D Doctor in Medicine.

Mus. D. — Doctor in Music.

D. D., or S.T. D.— Doctor in Divinity, or Doctor in Sacred Theology.

Sch Scholar of Trinity College.

Fell.— Fellow.

Vern. (Comitia Ferwi).— Spring Commencements.

^st. {Comitia Estiva) Summer Commencements.

Hiem. {Comitia Hiemalia), — Winter Commencements.

Dr, Reeves has suggested that an explanation of the Term "Commence-
ments" might be useful to some readers : — To take the highest Degree In each
Faculty is described in the Old Statutes as Commencing In that Faculty, i. e.
commencing as a Teacher or Doctor. Thus the supplication of a Candidate for
hi, A. is, that the completion of certain exercises " sufficiant el ad incipiex-
DUM In Artibus ; " and so for D. D., that 20 years spent in the Study of The-
ology " sufficiant ei ad incipiendum in S. Theologia." — See the Supplicatio-
numformulcB (Univ. Stat., cap. 11). But for the lower Degrees, A. B., B. D.,
M. B., &c., the phrase used is, ad respondendum qu^stioni in Artibus; in
S, Theologia; in Medicina ; &c. Hence the Term Commencements, because
the Candidates were said to commence, when they took their highest Degree in
each Faculty. [The singular form Commencement is less correct. The
Latin word Is Comitia.'] " Incijjere, Doctorls gradum adipisci," apud
Boulffium torn. v. Hist. Univ. Paris. , p. 9 1 • . " Incipiens, Doctorali infula

donatus." Ap. Boulmitn, I. c, p. 913 See Du Cange, Gloss. Med. et infim.

Latinitatis ed. Cai'pentier in voce.





Between Summer Conimencemenffi, 1595, nnd 1866.

ABBOTT ( ), B. A., Vern. 1707.— M. A., ^st. 17 10.

Abbott (Benjamin), B. A., Vern. 1819. — M. A., and M. B.,

^st. 1823 M.D., ^st. 1833.

Abbott (Bradley), B. A., Vern. 1852— M. A., jEst. 1864.
Abbott (Charles), B. A., Vern. 1824.
5 Abbott (Charles Thomas), B. A., Vern. 1851.— M. B., ^s^. 1852.—
M.A., ^st. 1858.
Abbott (Colpoys), B. A., Vern. 1832.
Abbott (Edward), B. A., ^sif. 1833.— M. A., Vern. 1845.
Abbott (Frederick Tydd), B. A., Vern. 1854.— M. k.,^st. i860.
Abbott (James), B. A., Siem. 1863.
10 Abbott (John), B. A., ^si. 1802.
Abbott (John), B. A., ^d. 1837.
Abbott (Joseph), B. A., Vern. 1836.
Abbott (Joseph), B. A., Siem. 1859.
Abbott (Robert), B. A., Vern. 1848.
15 Abbott(Thomas), B.A., ^«^. 1817.— LL.B., and LL.D., y£'«i'. 1825.
* B


Abbott (Thomas Kingsmill), Sch., 1848. —B. A., Fern. iS^i.—

Fellow, 1854.— M. A., Tern. 1855.
Abeltsbauser (Ignatius George), B. A., Tern. 1842. — M. A., -^;?