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Development of Muslim theology, jurisprudence and constitutional theory online

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Kayf iya, 309, 334
Kempis, Thomas a, 177, 180
Khabar, 308
Khadija, 347
Al-Khadir, 281, 283
Khalifa, Khalifate, 13-28, 32-38,

45, 47, 51-58, 297, 313 ; cf . al-

Khulafa
Khalq, 338
Khanqah, 229, 266
Kharaj, 15
Kharas, 340, 341
Kharijites, 23-27, 32, 40, 44, 57, 59,

123-126, 131, 172, 212, 292, 29-1.

296



380 INDEX OF NAMES AND AEABIC WORDS



Kha^arat, 331

Khitabiysb, 259

Khi^ba, 355

Khiyana, 347

Khuffs, 298, 314, 347, 352, 355

Khul', 355

Al-Khulaf a-ar-rashidtm, 22, 87, 99,

105, 114
Khurasan, 171, 174, 177
Khutoa, 56
Khuzistan, 25, 134
Kibr, 349
Kidhb, 347

Al-Kindi, 155, 161, 187
Kitaba, 357
Kitman, 347
Kubra of as-Sanwsi, 316
Al-Kwfa, 18, 23, 28, 83
Kufr, 157, 296, 311, 332, 349; cf.

takf/r, kafir

Labid, 149

Lafz, 147, 335

Laqab, 347

Laqif, 354

La shay', 328

Al-lawA al-maMwz, 335

Laylatu-1-qadr, 335

Lebanon, 48

Leibnitz, 192, 200, 203

Li'an, 355

Logos, 146-148, 151

Lucretius, 200

Luqtfa, 354

Lutf, 292

Ma'bad al-JuAani, 128

Al-Madina, 7, 8, 18, 35, 56, 67, 69-
71, 72, 82, 87, 88, 99, 101, 102,
165, 213, 216, 226, 278, 284, 346

Madrasa, 229

Ma'dwm, 159, 314, 319; cf. 'adam

Maiatih al-ghayb of ar-Razi, 241

Magians, 144



Al-Maghrib, 243

Maftall, 317, 325

Mahall (fi), 137

Al-Mahdi, 27, 34, 45, 62, 114, 244-

249
Al-Mahdi, the 'Abbasid Khalifa,

35, 134
Al-Mahdiya, 165, 244
Mahiya, 309

MaAmwd of Ghazna, 170, 195, 197
Mahr, 355
Maimonides, 237
Maine, Sir Henry, 65, 85, 114
Majazi, 329
Majwj, 315
Makhlwqat, 324
Makrwh, 73, 347
Malay Archipelago, 62
Malik ibn Anas, 35, 78, 99-103,

106, 147, 186, 245, 346
Malikites, 115
Ma'mar ibn 'Abbad, 143
Mamlwks, 53, 54, 275
Al-Ma'nmn, 50, 110, 140, 144, 154-

159, 162, 166, 277
Mandwb, 73, 347
Manichaeans, 133, 134
Mansel, H. L., 237
Al-Mans?*r, 'Abbasid Kh., 33, 34,

50, 134, 153, 154
Maqama, 176
Al-Maqasid, 346
Maqbwlat, 259
Mar'an, 314
Ma'rifa, 201, 350
Mariya the Copt, 347
Ma'rwf of al-Karkh, 175
Marwan II., 32
Marwan ibn al-ifakam, 17
MasabiA as-sunna of al-Baghawi,

81
MasT*, 298, 314
Mashhwrat, 259
Mashya, 294



INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS 381



MaslaAa, 101

Masyaf, 49

Al-Mataridi, 187, 193, 207, 308

Mataridites, 200, 207, 337, 338

Matn, 75, 78

Mawaqif of al 'Iji, 241

Mawjwb, 347; cf. wajib

Mawjwd, 159, 191, 314, 319; cf.
wuj ud

Mawlawite darwishes, 267

Mawqif , 296, 349

Mawsil, 267

Mawt, 340

Maymwn, 40

Ma-znwnat, 259

Mecca, 9, 17, 23, 25, 32, 46, 56, 62,
68, 174, 184, 213, 217, 226, 265,
285, 296, 346

Merv, 217

Mesnevi, The, 267

Mesopotamia, 23, 44, 82, 131, 187

MiAna, 156, 157

Minister of Justice, 114

Mi'raj, 298, 312

Mongols, 49, 52, 53, 169

Monophysites, 181

Morocco, 35, 62

Moses, 42, 149, 192, 295, 296, 304,
336, 345

Mu'awiya, 21-23, 28, 88

MubaA, 73, 348

Mubtadi', 307; cf. bid'a

Mufti, 115; cf. fatwa

Muhajirs, 8, 13, 20

MuAammad, the Prophet, 7-13, 16-
22, 28, 30, 35, 37, 42-45, 56, 57,
58, 67-75, 83, 86-89, 95, 104-
106, 112, 120-133, 140-150, 155,
160, 161, 164, 165, 171, 172, 175-
180,188, 210, 227-231, 243, 245,
249, 253, 254, 263, 270, 275-278,
284, 285, 292-294, 298, 305, 308,
312, 335, 336, 345, 346, 349, 350,
351



MuAammad II., Ottoman Sultan,

113
MuAammad al-'Allaf; see Abu

Hudhayl
MuAammad al-Muntazar, 187
MuAammad an-Naqshbandi, 267
MuAammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab,

60,283
MuAammad ibn Abi Bakr, 18
MuAammad ibn al-ifanafiya, 29,

31
MuAammad ibn al-Z/asan, 38, 96,

102
Mu/iammad ibn 'All as-Sanwsi;

see as-Sanwsi
MuAammad ibn Isma'il, 42, 43, 45
MuAarram, 347
Al-MuAasibi ; see Al-iifarith
MuAdath, 309 ; cf. Aadith, Aud?ith
MuAdith, 309, 321
MuAsan, 355
MuAyi ad-Din ibn ' Arabi ; see Ibn

'Arabi
Al-Mu'izz, Fafimid Khalifa, 170
Mujassim, 191, 291 ; cf. jism>

tajstm
M?*jid, 325

Mu'jiza, 141, 151, 313, 345
Mujtahid, 38, 116, 275, 287, 315
Muj tabid un bil-fatwa, 113
Mujtahid?m fi-1-madhahib, 113
Mujtahidwn murtaq, 112
Mukallaf, 280, 317, 318, 321, 323,

342, 345 ; cf. taklif
Mukashafa, 227
Mukhabara, 354
Mukhalafa lU-Aawadith, 205, 210,

232, 280, 324
Mukhassis, 325
Mumathala, 338
Mu'min, 126, 130, 350
Mumkinat, 330
Munkar, 296, 298, 305, 311
Munazzah, 324



382 INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS



Muntazar, 313 ; see, too, MuAam-

mad al-Muntazar
Muqallad, 316, 350 ; cf. taqlid
Al-Muqanna', 30
Munqidh min a,d-dalal of al-Ghaz-

zali, 216, 225, 239
Muqarrab, 306.

Al-Muqtadir, 'Abbasid Kh., 184
Murabifs, 246, 251
Murji'ites, 122-127, 129, 131, 132,

171, 193, 214, 292
Murtadd, 24, 297
Mwsa, see Moses
Mwsa al-Qazam, 42
Musaqat, 354
Musallamat, 259
Musannaf, 79
Musaylima, 150

Mushabbih, 191 ; cf. bila kayfa
Mushahada, 327
Mushrik, 284, 299; cf. shirk,

shank
Muslim, 80
Musnad, 79, 110
Al-Mus*afa, 300
MustaAabb, 73
Musta/ul, 316

Mustansir, Fatfmid Kh., 170
Mutakalliras, 147, 186, 193-196,

215, 231, 262, 276, 337
Al-Mu'tasim, 'Abbasid Kh., 157,

158, 162, 163
Mutaqabilat, 330
Al-Mutawakkil, 'Abbasid Kh.,

157, 162
Mutawatir, 308
Mu'tazilites, 37, 57, 120, 130, 135-

138, 140, 143-146, 151-159, 166,

168, 171, 172, 175, 176, 184-196,

200, 207, 208, 211-214, 220-226,

241, 248, 291-294, 298, 299, 311,

336, 337, 343, 344.
MuwaMids, 179, 207, 246-257, 261-

265, 284, 296, 307



MuwaHa' of Malik ibn Anas, 78,

82, 101, 102
Al-Muzdar, 151
Mzab in Algeria, 26, 59

Nabateans, 44

Nab/, 263, 312, 345

Nabidh, 314

Nadhr, 356

Nafaqa, 355

Naf isa, The Lady, 173

Nafs, 234, 272, 334

Nahawand, 14, 133

Najasat, 352

Najd, 60

Najjarites, 292

Nakir, 296, 298, 305, 311

Naqib, 268

Naql, 120, 148, 157, 214, 269, 297, 310

Naqshbandite darwishes, 267

Narbonne, 83

An-Nasafi, 193, 207, 277, 308

An-Nasa'i, 81, 152

Nasir ibn Khusraw, 170

An-Nasir, Mamlwk Sultan, 277

An-Nasr al-Manbiji, 277

Nass, 29, 95, 292

Naysabwr, 217, 229

Nazr, 208

An-Nazzam, 140, 143, 152

Neo-Platonism, 163, 164, 168, 180,

181, 196, 232, 235, 236, 253,

255, 264, 272
NikaA, 354
Nisba, 337

Nizam al-Mulk, 213, 217. 218
Nizamite Academy, 213, 217
Noah, or NwA, 42, 43, 345
Nusayrites, 59

Old Man of the Mountain, Shaykh

al-jabal, 49
Ottoman Sultan, 10, 56, 58, 59
Ottoman Turks, 36, 52, 53, 54, 60



INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS 383



Pan-Islamic movement, 59

Par sees, 194

People of Paradise, 139

People of the Sunna, 336, 337

Persia, Persian, 14, 23, 31, 36-41,

44, 49, 50, 51, 82, 131-134, 150,

155, 157, 184
Persian Gulf, 60
Persian mysticism, 5
Plato, 134, 162-165, 235
Plotinus, Plotinian, 163-165, 182,

231, 256, 269, 280
Porphyrius, 163
Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite,

181, 182
Ptolemaic system, 233
Ptolemy, 134
Pythagoreanism, 168, 170

Qada, 291, 295, 342, 356

Qadar, 128, 135-137, 242, 291, 293,

295, 342
Qadarites, 122, 127-132, 135, 137,

140, 292, 344
Qadi, 115, 156, 245, 356
Qadim, 143, 300, 322, 343
Al-Qadir, ' Abbasid Kh. , 193-195
Qadir, 319

Qadirite darwishes, 267, 269
Al-Qadisiya, 14, 133
Qanwns, 114

Qarmaftans, 44, 46, 170, 184, 188
Qasm. 356
Qattat, 350
Qawl, 296
Qidam, 322
Qivad, 354
Qisas, 355

Al-Qiyama, 349 ; cf. Yawm
Qiyam bin-nafs, 325
Qiyas, 87, 94, 209, 247, 347
Qubda, 329
Qudra, 192, 234, 294, 310, 319, 322,

328, 344



Al-Qudra al-azaliya, 234

Qur'an, 24, 42, 62, 69-71, 76, 77, 85,
94-96, 99, 103-106, 109, 117,
121, 128-130, 135, 138-141, 145-
152, 155-158, 161-163, 171, 178,
188, 190, 195-198, 206, 209, 210,
231, 235, 238, 241, 245-249, 252,
253, 257-259, 263, 271, 272-275,
282-284, 295, 297, 303, 304, 310,
335, 345, 346

Quraysh, 10, 57, 305, 313

Al-Qushayri, 213

Qu*b, 268, 282

Qwwa, 328

Rabelais, 199

Rabi'a, 173

Rafidites, 212

Rahib, 125, 172

Rahn, 354

Ramadan, 188, 292, 293

Ar-Rashid, the MuwaMia, 263,

264
Rasa'il ikhwan as-safa, 168
Raswl, 263, 308, 312, 345
Ra'y, 86, 94
Razq, 338
Red Sea, 60

Responsa prudentium, 85
Rida, 310

Rifa'ite darwishes, 267, 268
Risala, 292

Risala of al-Qushayri, 213
Ritschl, 238

Rizq, 179, 298, 299, 311, 317
~Ruh, 141, 231, 272
Rukhsa, 283
Ru'ya, 310, 344

As-sa'a, 293, 294, 315
Sabil Allah, 18
Sab'inite darwishes, 267
Sab'iya, 42
Sa'da, 36



384 INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS



Sa'd ad-Din ; see at-Taftazant

.Safawids, 38

As-SaffoA, 'AbbasidKh., 32

Saghira, 127, 311, 349

Sahara, 62

Sahiha., 294

Sahibs, 9, 16, 19, 71, 72, 75, 79, 88,

101, 105, 147, 180, 275, 276, 282,

283, 293, 297, 307, 314, 346
Sih'ia,, 75, 77, 335
SaJiifa. of al-Bukhari, 35, 79-81
S&hih of Muslim, 80, ff.
Sa'id ibn A/imad ibn 'Abd Allah,

45
Sa'i/rn, 172

Saladin ; see SsAah ad-Din
As-salaf, 157, 190, 297
Salah, 292, 343 ; cf . Asla/i
Salah ad-Din, 49, 241
Salam, 353
Salaman, 253, f .
Salamiya, 44

Saiat, Salawat, 178, 292, 293, 352
Salih, the prophet, 346
Salim, Ottoman SuUan, 56
Saljwqs, 207
Saluhi qadim, 328
Sam', 292, 294, 333
Sama' ad-Dunya, 297
-S'amam, 340
Samanids, 36
Samarqand, 82, 187, 207
Sami 1 , 337, 349
6'an'a, 36
As-Sanwsi, Muhammad ibn 'Ali,

61, 120, 244, 269, 273, 284
As-Sanwsi, Muhammad ibn Ym-

suf , 315-318, 322, 323, 328, 334,

341, 347
Sari as-Saqaii, 175-177, 268
Satan, 298, 299 ; cf . shayton
&awm, 292 ; cf. Siyam
Sayf ad-Dawla, the Hamdanid,

162, 165
Sayyid Murtatfa, 285, 300



Semites, Semitic, 5, 51, 125, 126,
182

Sergius, father of John of Damas-
cus, 131

Seth, 43

Ash-Shadhili, 267, 269

Shadhilite darwishes, 267

Shahada, 356

Shafa'a, 174, 296, 307, 311, 349

Ash-Shan l i, 67, 103-111, 173, 187

Shafi'ites, 110, 115

Shahs of Persia, 38

Shakk, 332

Shar', 345

Ash-Sha'rani, 279, 281, 283, 285

Ash-Shahrastani, 213, 224, 291, 293

Shari'a, 282

Shari/s of Mecca, 58, 265

Shari/s of Morocco, 35, 59, 247

Sharik, 300, 321,326; cf. shirk,
mushrik

Shay', 159, 314, 322

Shaykh, 177

Shaykh al-Islam, 113

Shaykh 'ilwan, 268

Shaytans, 304

Shem, 43

Ash-Shibli, 176, 177, 225

Shihab ad-Din as-Suhrawardi, 241

Shi'ites, Shi'a, 5, 13, 19, 26-36, 39-
41, 48, 51, 52, 56, 59, 115, 116,
121, 123, 131, 159, 165, 184, 185,
193-195, 212, 247, 249, 292, 298

Shirk, 123, 127 ; cf. sharik, mush-
rik

Shirka, 354

Shu'ayb, 346

Shuf 'a, 354

As-£iddiq, 313

£idq, 347

Sif a naf siya, 319

Siiat, 136, 151, 291, 309

Sifat adh-dhat, 291

/Sif at al-fi'l, 291, 338

Siiat al-ma'ani, 337



INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS 385



6'ifrtt "aqlt'ya, 190

Hiiat at-ta'thir, 333

Sifat ma'nawiya, 337

iS'ifat salabiya, 328

Sijistan, 171

As-£jirat, 296, 306, 311, 349

Sijam, 353

Solomon, 286

Spain, 33, 82, 132, 194, 209, 246

Spanish Islam, 132

Stephen bar Sudaili, 181

Stewart (Balfour) and Tait, 235

Lo id Stratford de Redcliffe, 48

Suf, 130

SuM, Suiiism, 130, 172, 173, 176-
178, 185, 213, 216-219, 222, 225-
229, 232, 235, 236, 239, 248,
250, 252, 253, 261, 262, 264, 267,
268, 274, 276-278, 282, 284, 309
HttG.stiqi.ja, 308
Suiija, 173

Sufyan ath-Thawrt, 97, 98
/S'ughra of as-San?/,si, 341
As-Suhrawardt; see Shihab ad-Dm
Sulayman the Great, 54
6'ul/i, 354
Sunna, 74, 75, 88, 190, 282, 293, 297,

298, 307, 345
Sunan, 75, 81
Sunnites, 19, 35, 38, 51, 52, 59, 116,

194, 247, 29S
Sura., 232

Suso, the mystic, 180
Syria, 21-23, 28, 45, 46, 49, 50, 82,
84, 98, 131 , 226

Ta'addud, 339
Ta'allaqa, 328
Ta'alluqu-1-qabtfati, 329
Tab', 328, 339
Tabaristan, 36
Tabi'iywn, 161. 221, 293, 346
TabKgh, 347
Tabor, Mount, 178
Tadbir, 357



Tatflil, 292

Tafstli, 316

At-Taftrtzani, 242, 269, 308, 318,
345, 346

Tahafut of al-Ghazzah', 229, 837,
240, 257, 286

Tahara, 351

At-Ta/iawi, 187, 193

Ta/dil, 276

TaAsm, 292

Tajsim, 209, 246

Takallam, 147

Takfir, 292

Takltf, 137, 310

Takwin, 310, 338

Talaq, 355

ZalAa, 21, 25

Ta-ld, 339

TaTim, 197

Ta'limites, 197, 219, 224, 228

Tanjizi, 328

Taqbih, 292

Taqiya, 126

Taqlid, 209, 217. 246, 261, 270, 286,
316, 318, 323, 350

Tariqa, 282

Tasalsul, 201,322

Ta^dt'q, 312, 350

Tawallud, 142, 144

Tawakkul, 179, f.

Tawba. 392, 349

TawAid, 156, 175, 176, 246, 291, 300,

315, 3-49; cf. muwaA/ad
Ta'wil, 246
Tawlid, 142
Tawrrtt, 303
Tayammum, 352
Theodorus Abucara, 132
Thiqa. 293, 296
The Thousand and One Nights, 97,

386
Thumama ibn Ashraa, 144
Tigris, 50, 133
At-Tirmidhi, 81
Toledo, 82



386 INDEX OF NAMES AND ARABIC WORDS



Tours, 82, f.

Tripolis, 62

Man, 329, f.

Tughril Beg, 52, 207, 212, f.

Turkish mysticism, 5

Tus, 216, 229, 230, 267

The Twelve Tables, 85

'Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi, 45, 46, 244

UaTiiya, 356

'Ulama, 54, 233, 307

Ulwhiya, 326

Ul?f-l-'azm, 345

'Uman, 24, 26, 59

'Umar ibn ' Abd al-'Aziz, Umayyad

Kh., 104
'Umar ibn al-Kha^ab, 2nd Kh. ,

13-19, 23, 24, 36, 44, 56, 86, 93,

165, 275, 297, 307, 313, 346
'Umar al-Khayyam, 198, 199
'Umar ibn al-Faria\ 266
Umayya, 10, 16
Umayyads, 9, 17-19, 22, 25, 27, 32,

33, 53, 77, 78, 88-93, 104, 123,

131, 133, 153, 209
Umayyads of Cordova, 45
Umm walad, 357
'Urf, 94, 113
'Uthman ibn ' Affan, 3rd Kh., 17-

22, 25, 36, 71, 297, 307, 313, 346

Vincent of Lerins, 101
Volubilis, 35

Wa'd, 292

Wadi'a, 354

WaMam'ya, 325

Al-VVahhab, 211

Wahhabites, 60-62, 109, 113, 115,

120, 273, 278, 279, 283-285
Al-Wahib, 211
WaAy, 281

Wa'id, Wa'tdites, 129, 292
Wajib, 73, 316, 318
Wakala, 354
Wala, 357



Walad, 294, 330

Walt, 139, 173, 263, 267, 268, 274,

275, 281-285, 313, 32b
Walima, 355
Waliya, 173
Waqf , 354
Warith, 354
Wasil ibn <Ata, 37, 129, 135, 136,

150
Wasiya, 354

Wasiya of Ibn Sina, 198, 228
Al-Vathiq, ' Abbasid Kh. , 157
Wudu, 318, 352
Wujad, 159, 191, 316-319, 352
Wussd, 228

Yajwj, 315

Al-Yaman, 60, 284

Yam in, 356

Ya'q?<b ; see Jacob

Yathrib, 67

Yawm al-qiyama, 295, 349

Yazid, 19, 28

Yehuda Halevi, 237

Zahhur, 304

Zabid in Tihama, 285

Zahid, 173, ISO

Zahida, 173

Zahir, 314

Zahirites, 110, 112, 208, 209, 247,

249, 252, 261, 264, 287
Zahr, 42

Zakat, 292, 293, 353
Az-Zamakhshan, 195
Zann, 332

Zanzibar, 26, 59, 115
Zaydites, 36, 37, 46, 57, 59, 116,

188
Zihar, 355
Zina, 355
Zindiqs, 134

Zoroastrianism, 133, 134, 183
Az-Zubayr, 21, 25
Az-Zuhri, 91



Date Due





MAf^ rr i



M \ 8 200 c



Library Bureau Cat. No. 1137



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ELLS BINDERY

ALTHAM, MASS.
JULY 1951



297M1



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