E. C. (Edwin Clyde) Robbins.

Selected articles on the commission plan of municipal government online

. (page 1 of 17)
Online LibraryE. C. (Edwin Clyde) RobbinsSelected articles on the commission plan of municipal government → online text (page 1 of 17)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


. ■ /



;iTY OF CALlrvjKP
LOS ANGELES




1/



\

\



^^lOOL



STATE NORMAL SCHOOL

LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA



DEBATERS' HANDBOOK SERIES



COMMISSION PLAN OF MUNICIPAL
GOVERNMENT



DEBATERS'
HANDBOOK SERIES



Direct Primaries

Commission Plan of Municipal Govern-
ment (2d ed. rev. and enl.)

Capital Punishment

Initiative and Referendum

Election of United States Senators

Income Tax

Central Bank of the United States

Woman Suffrage

Enlargement of the United States Navy
(3d ed. rev. and enl.)

Other volumes in preparation



Each volume, one dollar net



/c^^



Debaters^ Handbook Series



SELECTED ARTICLES

, ON THE

COMMISSION PLAN
OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT

Second and Enlarged Edition
^ 33 i8

COMPILED BY
E. CLYDE ROBBINS



MINNEAPOLIS
THE H. W. WILSON COMPANY

1910



' \ o



H "^Hb



EXPLANATORY NOTE



There is no denying the increasing interest in the commis-
sion form of city government. While this volume was originally
prepared for the use of debaters and students, the demand for
it by libraries and members of clubs and organizations w^ho are
everywhere studying this question, has rendered necessary a
new edition within a year.

The present volume contains all the material included in the
first edition, and has been brought up to date by the addition
of recent articles and references. All articles have been edited
so as to avoid useless repetition.

The general arrangement followed in the first edition has
been preserved. The introduction deals briefly with the general
municipal situation, and leads up to the commission plan. The
general discussion consists of a series of articles explaining the
relationship of the commission plan to other important municipal
problems. Following this, are the affirmative and negative dis-
cussions, respectively. A page of data concerning the commission
plan, compiled especially for the original volume and brought
up to date in this edition, will be found of value to the student.
There is also a brief of the question; and a bibliography, so
complete as to include all important material, and so arranged as
to let the investigator know at once the value of each reference.
This bibliography has been enlarged by the inclusion of a number
of references to articles published since the appearance of the
first edition. Libraries that do not contain a complete file of
magazines, pamphlets and late municipal books, will find this
volume an inexpensive yet practical method of supplying the de-
mand for material on the commission question. It is also recom-
mended to legislators, members of city councils, business men, in
short, to all who are interested in the betterment of city gov-
ernment.



CONTENTS



Brief xi

Bibliography

General References xv

Affirmative References xviii

Negative References xxiv

i ntroduction i

General Discussion

Rowe, Prof. L. S. Problems in Good City Government.... 7

Howe, William W. Municipal History of New^ Orleans....

John Hopkins

University Studies in Historical and Political Science 13

Robbins, E. Clyde. State Administration and the Commis-
sion Plan IS

Munro, William Bennett. Galveston Plan of City Govern-
ment. .. .National Municipal League, Proceedings, 1907 26

Shambaugh, Benjamin F. Des Moines Plan of City Gov-
ernment Ameri-
can Political Science Association, Proceedings, 1907 38

Affirmative Discussion

Berryhill, James A. Commission Government : A General

Statement 43

Sherman, E. R. Commends Commission Plan

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette 46

Huston, Charles D. Commission Plan in Cedar Rapids....

■ Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette 49

Cost of Commission Plan Cedar Rapids Republican 54

Interest in the Commission Plan.. Cedar Rapids Republican 54

Whitlock, Brand. Spread of the Galveston Plan Circle 56

.Cheesborough, Edmund R. Galveston's Commission Plan

Citizen's Bulletin (Cincinnati) 59



viii CONTENTS

Des Moines Plan a Great Success

Citizen's Bulletin (Cincinnati) 62

Commission Government Citizen's Bulletin (Cincinnati) 63

Bradford, Ernest S. Commission Plan: What it Means..

Citizen's Bulletin (Cincinnati) 64

Des Moines Plan: Questions and Answers

City Hall (Des Moines) 69

State Experts Like Plan Daily Capital (Des Moines) "j^

Cost of Des Moines Plan Des Moines Evening Tribune 74

Galveston City Election. .Des Moines Register and Leader 78

Plan Not at Fault Des Moines Register and Leader 79

Finty, Tom. Commission Plan in Texas. .Galveston News 80

Sampson, Henry E. Des Moines Plan

Midwestern (Des Moines) 87

Commission Plan Oskaloosa (Iowa) Daily Herald 88

National View of the Des Moines Plan

Washington (D. C.) Times 89

Sampson, Henry E. Year under the Des Moines Plan

Wealth (Des Moines) 97

Negative Discussion

Chadwick, Rear Admiral F. E. Newport Charter

American Political Science Association, Proceedings, 1906 101

Herriott, Prof. F. L Defects of Commission Plan 108

Holly, Charles O. Comments on the "Proposed Galveston- •

Des Moines Plan" of Government iii

Holly, Charles O. Defects of the Des Moines Plan 119

Starzinger, Vincent. City not a Business Corporation 126

Starzinger, Vincent. Commission : Not a Superior Legis-
lative Body 121

Starzinger, Vincent. Superior Legislation 122

Some Fundamental Political Principles Applied to Munic-
ipal Government Texas Bulletin (University of) 123

Webster, Walter A. Commission is an Oligarchy 126

Webster, Walter A. Government by Commission 130

White, Clinton L. Failure of Commission Plan

Cedar Rapids Evening Times 133

Palda, J. R. Commission Plan Cedar Rapids Republican 134

Pie for Politicians Burlington Evening Gazette (Iowa) 139



CONTENTS ix

Municipal Government by Commission

City Hall (Des Moines) 151

Organized Labor Opposes Commission Plan

Iowa Unionist (Des Moines) 154

Wise, W. W. Des Moines Plan. .Midwestern (Des Moines) 156
City Council Needed No Less than a Mayor

Plain Talk (Des Moines) 159

Jordan, W. N. Some Facts and Figures

Plain Talk (Des Moines) 160

Municipal Reforms Needed Plain Talk (Des Moines) 169

Dominant Mayor Essential in Good City Government

Plain Talk (Des Moines) 171

Commission System and Non-Partizan Government

Plain Talk (Des Moines) 174

Facts Concerning Commission Plan 177



BRIEF *



Introduction

I. '^Only evils arising from the form of city government which
separates the legislative and executive powers will be
considered.
II. "^hat these evils are recognized is shown by the present
tendency toward the concentration of powers.
III. v/This plan has generally failed where the concentration
has been but partial.

A. New York City concentrated executive power and

retained a weak council.

B. The city of Boston has a similar plan.

IV. '"'Naturally both of these cities are now considering the

advisability of adopting the commission form.
V. Numbers of other cities are moving in the same direction
and many have adopted the plan.

VI. While the isolated legislative body is needed in state and

national governments, there are many peculiar condi-
tions in the city which make it unessential.

A. The city is not a sovereign body.

B. The work is largely administrative.

C. The territory is small.

VII. The isolated council has failed in city government since
A. In practice legislative and administrative work cannot

be separated.

1. In some cities the mayor dominates in both the

administrative and legislative work.

2. In others the council dominates in both.

VIII. This tendency to concentrate with a fixing of powers
points to a commission form of government as the
proper form.



xii BRIEF

Brief Proper — Affirmative

I. xA.merican cities should adopt a commission form of gov-
ernment because it is desirable for
\^. It fixes responsibility in administration for

I. Each commissioner is held responsible for the
efficient conduct of a specific department of city
administration.
\.S. It fixes responsibility in legislation for

1. The legislative body is small.

2. Each legislator is intelligently informed as to the

city's needs.
II. V/l'he commission form provides a most efficient legislative
body in the commission council for
vA. The legislative and administrative work of the city
are properly and unalterably connected.

B. The councilmen have a direct and technical knowledge

of city affairs.

C. The councilmen represent the whole city.

III. The commission form provides a most efficient administra-
tive body for

A. It secures dispatch in business.

B. It stimulates civic interest.
C. It secures economy.

Brief Proper — Negative

I. American cities should not adopt a commission form, for
it does not provide a proper correlation of depart-
ments for
A. Success in city government depends upon such corre-
lation, for
I. The cabinet form, successful in Europe and Can-
' ada, provides such a correlation.

2. The mayor and council form have succeeded with

such a correlation.

3. The program of the National Municipal League

demands such a correlation for a prac'.ical city
government.



BRIEF



xni



II. The proper remedy for existing evils lies not in a change
of form, but in a removal of causes, for
A-. A removal of bad social and economic conditions has
secured successful city government.

B. The introduction of bad social and economic condi-

tions has secured a like result.

C. Greater local self-government has been a strong factor

in securing similar results.
*A detailed brief of both sides of the question with para-
graph references will be sent to any one upon request. Ad-
dress, Registrar, State University of Iowa. (Debating Bulletin,
No. 206.)



BIBLIOGRAPHY



An asterisk (*) preceding a reference indicates that the entire
article or a part of it lias been reprinted in this volume.



General Refekences '

Bibliograpliies

Lytton, Edward C. Des Moines Plan of Commission Govern-
ment. Digest and References.
Address Des Moines, Iowa. Can be obtained upon request.

United States. Library of Congress — Division of Bibliography.
List of References Relating to City Government by Commis-
sion. 1909.
Address Washington, D. C. Can be obtained upon request.

Wisconsin University. University Extension Division. Commis-
sion Plan of City Government. Bulletin. Serial No. 255; Gen-
eral Series. No. lA^-
Can be obtained upon request.

Books, Pamphlets

*.A.merican Political Science Association, Proceedings, 1907. 4 :
189-92. Des Moines Plan of City Government. Prof. Benja-
min F. Shambaugh, State University of Iowa.

Bryce, James. American Commonwealth. Vol L pp. 662-6.

City Commission Charter Act : a Representative City Govern-
ment. Published by the City Club of Topeka, Kan.
Can be obtained upon request.

Commission Plan : Debates between Universities of Iowa and
Wis., and Iowa and Minn, with a brief and a bibliography.
$1.00. Address Forensic League, State University of Iowa,

Iowa City, la.

This is a very fundamental discussion of the question. Should
. be given to debaters after they have acquired a good knowledge
of the issues. Libraries and coaches should purchase.



xvi BIBLIOGRAPHY

Deming, H. E. Government of American Cities; A Program of
Democracy. Galveston Plan. pp. 97-101, 123, 161. G. P. Put-
nam's Sons, New York. '09.

This book also contain.? a reprint of tlie municipal program
of the National municipal league.

Des Moines, Charter of.

Address City Clerk, Des Moines. Same as Iowa Session Laws
on Commission Plan.

Des Moines, First Annual Report. Mr. 31, '09.

Can be obtained upon request. Address City Clerk, Des Moines.

Galveston : Charter, as passed by the 28th Legislature, 1903.
Can be obtained upon request. Apply City Clerk, Galveston.

Goodnow, Frank J. City Government in the United States-
Boards vs. Commissioners, pp. 191-203. The Century Co., New-
York. '04.

A good general text book dealing with all phases of municipal
government.

Hamilton, John J. Dethronement of the City Boss. Funk and

Wagnalls Co., New York. '10.

A stu'ly of commission government particularly from the
affirmative point of view.

Houston : Charter, as passed by the 29th Legislature, 1905.
Can be obtained upon request. Apply City Clerk of Houston.

Iowa Law Providing for Municipal Government, etc. Published
by Order of City Council, Cedar Rapids, la. '08.
Can be obtained upon request.

*Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political
Science. 7 : 155-87. Ap. '89. ^Municipal History of New Orleans.
Wm. W. Howe.

*National Municipal League, Proceedings of the Providence Con-
ference for Good City Government, 1907. Galveston Plan of
City Government. William Bennett Munro. pp. 142-55.

*Robbins, E. Clyde. State Administration and the Commission
Plan.

*Rowe, L. S. Problems of City Government. Chap. VIII. Also
Commission Government, pp. 198-307. D. Appleton Co., New

York, '08.

A good general text book dealing with all phases of municipal
government.



BIBLIOGRAPHY xvii

Magazines

American Political Science Review, i : 621-6. Ag. '07. Des
Moines Plan of Municipal Government. Robert Argyll Camp-
bell.

Arena 32: 377-91. O. '04. Democracy and Municipal Government.

• B: O. Flower.

Arena. 41 : 38-41. Ja. '09. Better City Government. L. F. C.
Garvin.
Recommended for purchase.

Boston Evening Transcript. Ap. 11, '08. Commission Government
in Texas. Albert Bushnell Hart.

Citizens' Bulletin. 4:1. D. '08. Public Utilities Control in Wis-
consin. Address by Dr. B. H. Meyers.
Delivered before meeting of National Municipal League and

j\merican Civic Association.

City Hall (Des Moines). 10:265-70. Ja. '09. Des Moines Charter.
Law in full creating Commission Plan in Iowa.

*City Hall (Des Moines). 10:272. Ja. '09. Questions and An-
swers concerning the Des Moines Plan.

City Hall (Des Moines). 10:405. Je. '09. Danger of Electing the
Wrong Men. Richard C. Dorby. Answer by Commissioner
MacVicar.

Educational Review. 37 : 362-74. Ap. '09. City Schools under
the Commission Plan of City Government.

Independent. 58:706-9. Mr. 30, '05. City Government. G. Smith.

Independent. 62 : 1367. Je. 6, '07. One Man City Government.

Municipality (Madison, Wis.). S. '09. City Government. Com-
missioner Ford H. MacGregor. Address before League of
Wisconsin Municipalities, at Monette, Wis. Jl. 21-23, 'o9-

Political Science Quarterly. 15: 426-51, 675-709. S.-D. '00. Coun-
cil Government versus Mayor Government. E: D. Durand.

Political Science Quarterly. 17:609-30. D. '02. Referendum and
Initiative in City Government. John R. Commons.

Political Science Quarterly. 21 : 434-46. S. '06. Municipal Codes
in the Middle West. J. A. Fairlie.
Recommended for purchase.

Review of Reviews. 36 : 623-34. N. '07. Spread of Galveston Plan
of City Government.



xviii BIBLIOGRAPHY

Affirmative References
Books, Pamphlets

*Berryhill, James G. Commission Government. A General State-
ment Prepared for the Commercial Club of Des Moines.

Berryhill, James G. Des Moines Plan of Municipal Government.
Read before Iowa State Bar Association. Jl. 9, '08, at Wa-
terloo, la.

City Government by Commission. Report of a Committee of
the Commercial Club of Peoria, 111., on Commission Govern-
ment as operated in Des Moines.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Club.

Dillon, Sidney J. City Government by Commission. Address be-
fore Economic Club of Boston. Ja. 21, '08.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Club.

Eliot, Charles W. City Government by Commission. Address be-
fore Economic Club of Boston. Ja. 11, '07.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Club.

Fuller, O. M. Municipal Government by Commission. Address be-
fore Chamber of Commerce of Erie, Pa. Ap. 15, '09.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Chamber.

Head, James M. City Government by Commission. Address be-
fore Economic Club of Boston. Ja. 11, '07.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Club.

Houston. Annual Report of Mayor (Message) and Reports of
City Officials of Houston, for years 1905-9.
Can be obtained upon request. Apply City Clerk, Houston.

Illinois. Senate. Commission Government of Galveston, Houston,
and Dallas. Report made to the Senate of Illinois by the
special sub-committee appointed to investigate.

Can be obtained upon request. Apply Secretary of State,
Springfield, 111.

ixational Municipal League, Proceedings of Atlantic City Con-
ference for Good City Government, 1906. pp. 181-93. Success
of the Galveston Experiment. E. R. Cheesborough.
Libraries are recommended to purchase this report.
♦National Municipal League, Proceedings of the Providence
Conference for Good City Government, 1907. pp. 142-55. Gal-
veston Plan of City Government. William B. Munro.
Same article as appears in Chautauquan. 51: 110-24. Je. '08. Li-
braries are recommended to purchase this report.



BIBLIOGRAPHY xix

National Municipal League, Proceedings of Providence Con-
ference for Good Citj' Government, 1909. pp. 156-65. Des
Moines Plan of City Government. Silas B. Allen.
Libiaiies are recommended to purcha.se this report.

Niday, J. R. Business Idea in Municipal Government.

Can be obtained upon request. Apply City Clerk, Houston.

Rice, W. B. City Government by Commission. Address delivered

at Charlotte, N. C. N. '08.

Can be obtained upon request. Address Mayor W. B. Rice,
Houston.

Turner, George Kibbe. City Government by Commission. 'Ad-
dress before Economic Club of Boston, Ja. 11, '07.
Can be obtained upon request. Address Secretary of Club.

Magazines

Arena. 38:8-13. Jl. '07. Galveston and Houston. G. W. James.

Arena. 38:144-9. Ag. '07. Houston and its City Commission. G.
W. James.

Arena. 38:431-2. O. '07. Unguarded Commission Government.

Arena. 38 : 432-6. O. '07. Des Moines Plan : a Model of Guarded
City Government.

Broadway Magazine. 17:547-52. F. '07. Municipal Government
by Commission.

Jedar Rapids Evening Gazette. O. 2, '07. Commission Plan Suc-
cessful and Ideal. Raymond of Chicago Tribune.
Reprinted from Chicago Tribune.

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. O. 31, '07. Commission Plan.
John W. Barry.

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. N. 21, '07. Two Answers to Mr.
Palda by Attorney A. T. Cooper and A. H. Wolf.

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. N. 26, 'qy. Objections to the
Commission Plan Answered. Attorney Henry Rickel.

Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. N. 29, '07. Commission Plan :
Once IMore. Veritas.

*Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. Mr. 25, '09. Commends Commis-
sion Plan. Address by Commissioner E. R. Sherman before
the Commercial Club, Sioux Falls (S. D.), Mr. 24, '09.

*Cedar Rapids Evening Gazette. Mr. 31, '09. Commission Plan
in Cedar Rapids. Chas. D. Huston, Address of Commissioner,.



XX BIBLIOGRAPHY

before Brotherhood of BurHiigton (la.) Presbyterian Church,
Mr. 30, '09.

*Cedar Rapids Republican. N. 3, '07. Editorial : Cost of Commis-
sion Plan.

*Cedar Rapids Republican. N. 7, '07. Editorial : Interest in the
Commission Plan.

Century. 74:970. O. '07. Des Moines Plan of City Government.
H. E. Sampson.

Chautauquan. 50 : 168-70. Ap. '08. Municipal Government by
Commission.

*Chautauquan. 51:110-24. Je. '08. Galveston Plan. William Ben-
nett Munro.

Same as in article in National Municipal League, Proceedings
of Providence Confeience for Good City Government, 1907. pp.
142-55. Recommended for purchase.

*Circle. 2:289-90. N. '07. Spread of Galveston Plan. Brand

Whitlock.
*Citizens' Bulletin (Cincinnati). 6:1. Ap. 18, 'c8. Commission

Plan. E. R. Cheesborough.

Same article in Galveston Daily News. Ap. '08.
Citizens' Bulletin (Cincinnati). 7:4. Ap. 3, '09. Editorial: Com-
mission Government.
*Citizens' Bulletin (Cincinnati). T."]. Ap. 10, '09. Des Moines

Plan.

Reprinted from Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
*Citizens' Bulletin (Cincinnati). T'.'J. My. 8, '09. Commission

Government.

Reprinted from Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Citizens' Bulletin (Cincinnati). 7: 7. My. 15. '09. Des Moines

Plan.

Reprinted from "^'orld's Work.
*Citizens' Bullletin (Cincinnati). 7:1-2. Jl. 3, '09. Commission

Plan : What it Means. Ernest S. Bradford.

Reprinted from Municipal Journal.
City Hall (Des Moines). 10: 252-7. Ja. '09. Municipal Govern-

men. Commissioner Chas. D. Huston of Cedar Rapids.

Reprinted from Bulletin of League of American Municipalities,
])es Moines.

City Hall (Des Moines). 10:284-7. F. '09. Commission Plan of
City Government.



BIBLIOGRAPHY xxi

City Hall (Des Moines). 10:299-300. F. '09. New Charter for

Jacksonville.
City Hall (Des Moines). 10:300. F. '09. Commission System for

Chicago. R. T. Crane.

Reprinted from open letter in Chicago Record Herald.
City Hall (Des ]\Ioines). 10:300-301. F. '09. Texas Experiments.

Shearon Bonner.

Reprinted from Nashville American.
City Hall (Des Moines). 10:316-9. Mr. '09. City Government l)y

Commission. Commissioner John MacVicar of Des Moines.
*City Hall (Des Moines). 10:357-9. Ap. '09. Des Moines Plan

followed by Questions and Answers.
*City Hall (Des Moines). 10:376-8. My. '09. National View of

the Des Moines Plan.

Reprinted from Washington (D. C.) Times.
City Hall (Des Moines). 12:99-100. S. '10. City Government by

Commission. Mayor Grant Conrad of San Diego, California.
City Hall (Des Moines). 12:100-2. S. '10. City Government by

Commission. Mr. Powell, Commissioner of Public Works, Ft.

Worth, Texas.
City Hall (Des Moines). 12:106-8. S. '10. City Governmer.t by

Commission. Honorable C. L. Davidson, Mayor of Wichita,

Kansas.
*Daily Capital (Des Moines). Ag. 5, '09. State Experts Like

Plan.
*Des Moines Evening Tribune. Jl. 17, '09. Cost of Des Moines^

Plan.
*Des Moines Register and Leader. Je. i, '09. Editorial: Galveston

City Election.
*Des Moines Register and Leader. Ag. 10, 09. Plan not at Fault.
Everybody's. 22 : 435-47. Ap. '10. Sanity and Democracy for

American Cities. C. E. Russell.
♦Galveston News. Ap. 17, '09. Commission Plan in Texas. Tom

Finty.
Gunton's Magazine. 27 : 559-70. D. '04. Government of Municipal-
ities by Boards of Commissioners. C. Arthur Williams.
Independent. 56:1382. Je. 16, '04. New Galveston. W. B. Slos-

son.



xxii BIBLIOGRAPHY

Independent. 62 : 806-7. Ap. 4, '07. Way to Decent City Govern-
ment.
Independent. 63 : 195-200. Jl. 25, '07. Government by Commis-
sion in Texas. W. B. Slosson.
Recommended for purchase.
Independent. 64: 1409-10. Je. 18, '08. Three Great Experiments.

Independent. 66: 194-5. Ja. 28, '09. Example of Haverhill. De
Mont Goodyear.

Independent. 67: I159. N. 18, '09. Progress of Charter Reform.

Independent. 68: 415-6. F. 24, '10. Experience of Haverhill. D.
Goodyear.

La Follette's Weekly Magazine. I : 7. Mr. 2"/, '09. Governing
Cities by Commission. Don. E. Mowry.

McClnre. i"] : 610-20. O. '06. Galveston: a Business Corporation.
G. K. Turner.
Recommer.ded for purchase.

McClure. 35:97-108. My. '10. New American City Government.
G. K. Turner.

Midland Municipalities. 16: 77-83. D. '08. Six Months of City
Government by Commission.

^Midwestern (Des Moines). 2,'-~i-yi- Je. '09. Des Moines Plan.
Afiirmative : Henry E. Sampson ; Negative : W. W. Wise.

.Municipal Journal and Engineer. 25:174-5. Ag. 5, '08. Commis-
sion Government in Houston. "Difference Between This and
Galveston Plan." E. S. Bradford.

Nation. ^2^: :;,22. O. 18, '06. Municipal Government by Commis-
sion. W. T. Arnst.

New England Magazine, n.s. 70:393-7. Je. '09. Municipal Govern-
ment. Charles W. Eliot.
Recommended for purchase.

*Oskaloosa (la.) Daily Herald. Ap. 6, '09. Editorial: Commission
Plan.

Outlook. 82 : 5. Ja. 6, '06. Concentration of Power in the Hands
of the Mayor at Houston.

Outlook. 83:54. My. 12, '06. Experiments.

Outlook. 85:834-5. Ap. 13, "07. Texas Idea.

Outlook. 85 : 839-43. Ap. 13, '07. Texas Idea : City Government
by a Board of Directors. H. J. Haskell.

Outlook. 86 : 127-8. My. 25, '07. Municipal Efficiency.



BIBLIOGRAPHY xxiii

Outlook. 89:495-7. Jl. 4, '08. Spread of the Commission Plan.

Overland, n.s. 50:324-80. O. '07. Des Moines Plan of City Gov-
ernment. S. J. Dillon.

South Atlantic Quarterly. 8:174-83. Ap. '09. Municipal Govern-
ment by Commission. C. W. Eliot.

Speaker. 3 : 404-8. S. '08. Commission System of Government : a
Brief. Dartmouth College.

Success Magazine. 11:83-4. F- 08. Something New in Govern-
ment. H. S. Cooper.

Survey. 23: 502-4. Ja. 8, '10. Government by Commission in Colo-
rado Springs. W. D. Foster.

Technical World. 12:621-8. F. '10. Bringing Dead Cities to Life.
F. G. Moorhead.

*Washington (D. C.) Times. National View of the Des Moines
Plan.
Reprinted in City Hall. 10: 376-8. My. '09.

Wealth (Des Moines), i : 22-6. Ja. '09. Digest of the Des Moines


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Online LibraryE. C. (Edwin Clyde) RobbinsSelected articles on the commission plan of municipal government → online text (page 1 of 17)