E Neil.

The everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal online

. (page 18 of 21)
Online LibraryE NeilThe everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal → online text (page 18 of 21)
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of air, the windows being thrown wide open for the pur-
pose; this process can also be aided by lighting a fire in the
room, either in the stove left for the purpose, or in the
grate. These means are equally good for drying a freshly-
scoured floor.

In lieu of regular carpet wadding, layers of newspapers
are very good padding under a carpet, or better yet, sheets of



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK, 281

thick brown paper will answer very well. Matting and green
linen shades are delightfully cool in either Bitting or dining-
room for summer use, or all through the hottest weather if
the dining-room can be left with a bare floor, and lightly
washed off with cold water before breakfast each day it will
add , greatly to the coolness of the room. A fireplace can
be arranged with a screen before it, or it can be left open,
the fixtures taken away, and a large stone or pottery jar
filled with fresh flowers daily set into it. Very showy
flowers can in this way be made effective in decorating a
room. Jars covered with pictures of delcalcomania are
tawdry-looking. Better far to paint them a dull black or
bottle-green; or a brick-rod, with a plain band or geometric
design traced in some contrasting color.

In dining-room furniture oak wood with green trimmings
and light paint are good contrasting colors, while black
walnut or mahogany, with red carpet and shades of red
predominating about the room, look well with dark
paint.

In arranging a sitting-room large spaces left empty look
more comfortable and are more convenient in every way
than a room huddled too full of furniture. A home is not a
furniture wareroom nor a fancy bazaar, but a place for
people to live in, and to grow in, and to move about in.

House-cleaning time presents an opportunity for dispos-
ing of many ostensibly ornamental articles which only sfcrve
to fill up place, without being either beautiful or well-made
of their kind.

An empty wall looks better than one hung with daubs.
Good engravings and plain cheap frames are now obtained
at such a trifling cost that almost every one can afford on6
or two excellent ones in their sitting-room. People living
at a distance can easily send to some large city for an en-
graving or two, or, if they prefer colored pictures, to some
well-known establishment for two or three good chromoa



282 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK,

I have seen some of the best newspaper engravings pinned
upon the sitting-room wall, framed in pressed ferns, with
very good effect indeed. Once a very simple bracket held a
glass bumper of unique pattern, from which was trailed
cypress vines, and mingled with them, a bunch of scarlet
lychnis. Against the white wall of the room they looked
brilliant, and the effect was really beautiful.

"When the sitting-room is torn up frequently an array of
newspapers, missing books, etc., are found huddled together
in some corner. In settling the room these should find their
proper places, and it would be a good thing to keep them
there ever after, for, no matter how thorough the cleaning
process, untidiness and litter will soon make any room ap-
pear nearly as badly as before it was scoured.



HOW TO DUST A ROOM.

Soft cloths make the best of dusters. In dusting any
piece of furniture begin at the top and dust down, wiping
carefully with the cloth, which can be frequently shaken. A
good many people seem to have no idea what dusting is in-
tended to accomplish, and instead of wiping off and remov-
ing the dust it is simply flirted off into the air and soon
settles down upon the articles dusted again. If carefully
taken up by the cloth it can be shaken off out of the win-
dow into the open air. If the furniture will permit the
use of a damp cloth, that will more easily take up the
dust, and it can be washed out in a pail of soapsuds. It
is far easier to save work by covering up nice furniture
while sweeping, than to clean the dust out, besides leav-
ing the furniture looking far better in the long run. The
blessing of plainness in decoration is appreciated by
the thorough housekeeper who does her own work while
dusting.



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 283

GIRLS, LEARN TO COOK.

Yes, yes, learn ho<v to cook, girls; and learn how to cook
well. What right has a girl to marry and go into a house
of her own unless she know3 how to superintend every
branch of housekeeping, and she cannot properly superin-
tend unless she has some practical knowledge herself. It is
sometimes asked, sneeringly, "What kind of a man is he
who would marry a cook V The fact is, that men do not
think enough of this; indeed, most men marry without
thinkiDg whether the woman of his choice is capable of
cooking him a meal, and it is a pity he is so shortsighted,
as his health, his cheerfulness, and, indeed, his success in
life, depend in a very great degree on the kind of food he
eats ; in fact, the whole household is influenced by the diet.
Feed them on fried cakes, fried meats, hot bread and other
indigestible viands, day after day, and they will need medi-
cine to make them well.

Let all girls have a share in housekeeping at home
before they marry; let each superintend some departrr ent
by turns. It need not occupy half the time to see that the
house has been properly swept, dusted, and put in order, to
prepare puddings and make dishes, that many young ladies
spend in reading novels which enervate both mind and
body and unfit them for every-day life. Women do not, as
a general rule, get pale faces doing housework. Their
sedentary habits, in overheated rooms, combined with ill-
chosen food, are to blame for bad health. Our mothers
used to pride themselves on their housekeeping and fine
needlework. Let the present generation add to its list of
real accomplishments the art of properly preparing food for
the human body.

TEACH THE LITTLE ONES.

There is scarcely a busy home mother in the land who



284 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK,

has not at some time or other felt how much easier it
would be to do all the work herself than to attempt to teach
a child to assist her, whether it be in household matters or
in sewing. Now, we would speak particularly of the latter.
But it seems almost the right of every little girl to be taught
to sew neatly, even if it does cost the mother some self-
sacrifice. Very few grown women are wholly exempt from
ever using a needle. On the contrary, almost every woman
must take more or less care of her own wardrobe, even if
she has no responsibility for that of any one's around her.
Machines cannot sew up rips in gloves, replace missing but-
tons, or make or mend without any needlework by hand.
Some stitches must be taken, and how to sew neatly is an
accomplishment quite as necessary, if not more so, to the
happiness of a majority of women than any other. If a
little girl be early taught how to use her needle, it very
soon becomes a sort of second nature to her, and very little
ones can learn to thread the needle and take simple stitches.
Only the mother must be patient and painstaking with
them, not letting poor work receive praise or permitting
the child to slight what she undertakes. The stint can be a
very short one with very little children. It is usually best
bo, but frequent lessons should be given.

CHILDREN LOVE GAMES.

Take advantage of this to give them physical training.
Furnish them the aparatus for games which requires a good
deal of muscular exercise. Those curious little affairs
which require them to sit on the floor or gather about
the table and remain in a cramped position, are not ad-
visable.

It is particularly desirable that the games should call
them into the open air and sunshine. In this way children
lay in a stock of health and strength. Remember that, par-



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 285

ticularly in our early years, this is infinitely more import-
ant than all adornments of the person or study of books.

Let it not be forgotten that symmetrical development of
the body is of the utmost importance. A child, for example,
is weak and round-shouldered. It is important that he should
be made strong. It is not less important that he should be
made straight. Every conceivable exercise may tend to in-
crease the strength, but only special exercises tend to draw
the shoulders back, and thus secure the rectitude which is
the basis of spinal and visceral tone. It is not difficult to
give children such games and sports as will have this special
tendency.

TEACH YOUR OWN CHILDREN.

Some parents allow their children to acquire the very
rude and unmannerly habit of breaking in upon their con-
versation and those of older persons with questions and re-
marks of their own. It is very uncivil to allow them to do
so. So, even among their own brothers and sisters and
schoolmates, of their own age, let them speak without inter-
rupting. If one begins to tell a story or bit of news, teach
them to let him finish it; and if he makes mistakes that
ought to be corrected, do it afterwards. Don't allow them
to acquire the habit of being interrupters. Most of those
who allow their own children to form this disagreeable habit
will be exceedingly annoyed at the sam<* conduct in other
folks' children. The fault is that of the parents in not
teaching their children. If they interrupt at home, tell
them to wait till they can converse without annoying, and
see that they do it.

CULTIVATING SELFISHNESS IN CHIL-
DREN.

The mother who in the fullness of generous love runs
hither and thither continually to do for the various mem-



286 THE E VER YD A Y COOK-B OOK.

bers of the family those things which they should do them-
selves, comes to be regarded as a useful piece of
machinery, suited to minister to their wants, but she is not
regarded with one whit more of love or reverence, - rathei
the reverse. By and by, when the mother is worn out in
body and spirit, when the child, grown older, feels no need
of her as its slave, it finds other more attractive playmates
and companions.

The mother has necessarily far more labor, care, and anx-
iety than any other member of the household. She is
continually occupied, and her work seems to have no end.
Neither husband nor children will love her the more for
sacrificing herself wholly to them, as many a sad, weary
mother has learned to her cost. Let her be just to herself.
Not that she should make slaves of the children any more
than they should make a slave of her. But children like to
be useful, like to feel that they are a real help to older per-
sons, and if a little praise and perhaps, too, a little money
is given them, they will learn to enjoy the pleasure of help-
ing mother and of earning something for themselves, and
early taught the dignity of labor as well as save their
mother a little time to keep herself in advance of them in
study and thought, in general information, and in spiritual
growth, so as to be always reverenced as their intellectual
and spiritual guide and friend and counsellor.

It has been truly said by Miss Sewell, author of an excel-
lent work on education, that "Unselfish mothers make selfish
children." This may seem startling, but the truth is, that
the mother who is continually giving up her own time,
money, strength,- and pleasure for the gratification of her
children teaches them to expect it always. They learn to
be importunate in their demands, and to expect more and
more. If the mother wears an old dress that her daughter
may have a new one, if she work that her daughter may
play, she id helping to make her vain, selfish, and ignorant,



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 28?

and \ ery likely she will be ungrateful and disrespectful, and
this is equally true of the husband, and other members of
the family. Unselfish wives make selfish husbands.



PACKING AWAY FURS.

All furs should be well switched and beaten lightly, free
from dust and loose hairs, well wrapped in newspaper, with
bits of camphor laid about them and in them, and put away
in a cool dark place. If a cedar closet or chest is to be
had, laid into that. In lieu of that new cedar chips
may be scattered about. It is never well to delay packing
furs away until quite late in the season, for the moth will
early commence depredations. In packing them they should
not be rolled so tightly as to be crushed and damaged,

COURAGE.

One may possess physical courage, so that in times of
danger, a railroad accident, a steamboat collision or a run-
away horse, the heart will not be daunted or the cheek
paled, while on the other hand, one may be morally brave,
not afraid to speak a word for the right in season, though
unwelcome, to perform a disagreeable duty unflinchingly or
to refuse to do a wrong act, and yet be a physical coward,
trembling and terrified in a thunder-storm, timid in the
dark, and even scream at the sight of a mouse. Courage,
both moral and physical, is one of the finest attributes of
character, and both can be cultivated and gained if desired
and sought after. Some girls think it interesting and at-
tractive to be terrified at insects, and wilt shriek with fright
if they happen to be chased a few rods by a flock of geese,
but they only excite laughter and do not gain the admira-
tion which a brave girl who tries to help herself would de*
serve.



288 THE EVERYDAY COOK- BOOK.



THE ART OF BEAUTY IN DRESS.

It is far easier to find fault with existing customs than to
devise and put in practice other and better ones.

Ladies do not like to appear singular, and make them*
selves conspicuous by wearing such articles of dress as are
laughed at, possibly, certainly not worn by any other per-
sons in the city or county in which she may belong. And
so the matter goes on. Manufacturers, dry goods, dealers,
and milliners, and dressmakers, carry the day with a high
hand. Yet there is always some choice, and as, thanks to
our civilized habits, a full-length mirror is obtainable by
most ladies, given the resolution to make the most and be3fc
of themselves, the greater number of women can so study
the art of dressing well as to produce some excellent results.

It will hardly do to copy the old masters of painting in
the arrangement of drapery, at least anyways closely, for no
matter how well the voluminous folds may look painted,
they certainly would be very much in the way in real life,
and impede any free action of the muscles somewhat, while
the length of sweeping gowns certainly looks more in place
on painted canvas than it can do on an ordinary walking
dress. Ladies have realized this fact, however, and the
short v> alking-skirt, at once pretty and convenient, has been
the result.

In some places the common sense shoe can be found, and
this permits the muscles of the foot, if not the freest, yet
fair play. One great mistake in the dressing of the feet is
in getting the covering too short. It will throw back the
toe joints, and a bunion is only too frequently the result. If
the soles of the shoes are too thin, the feet become chilled,
and disease ensues. Yet in repeated instances they have
been known to draw the feet and made them exceedingly
tender and sore. A light cork sole sewed to a knitted



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 289

worsted slipper will give a foot covering, equally light and
far less injurious in its results.

There are ladies who wholly ignore woolen hosiery, pre-
ferring lisle thread, cotton or silk. Yet in winter time,
particularly for children, woolen stockings are almost a ne-
cessity, particularly if woolen is worn over the rest of the
body. There are some people who can not abide the feeling
of woolen garments next the skin, and they are obliged to
get their warmth of clothing in other than their undergar-
ments. Heavy outside garments are not quite so graceful
as those of softer and lighter material. But if they must
be worn they will bear a plainer cut than such clothes
as are naturally clinging, and adapt themselves to the
figure.

Solid and plain colors have a greater richness than mixed
shades. If combined tints are used, they should only be
such as harmonize well, and in the full-length figure give a
good personal effect. Probably more ladies err in getting
good general effects than in any other one particular. They
have various garments, pretty enough, possibly, in them-
selves, yet which do not harmonize well together, either in
material, color or cut, or possibly with their particular
style of figure and shade of hair and complexion. For ex-
ample, the skirt will have one style of trimming, the waist
another, the bonnet may look exceedingly well with one
suit, and be quite out of keeping with another. A short
dumpy person will wear flounces, a tall slim one- stripes,
while some red-haired woman will fancy an exquisite shade
of pink, while green or blue would have been much more
becoming.

Black generally makes people look smaller, and white
larger. A very pale person can bear a certain amount of
bright red. Any delicate complexion looks well with
soft ruchings or laces at neck and wrist. Lace is so ex-
pensive that it cannot be so generally worn as it might



290 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK.

be, with excellent effect. Probably no prettier head cover-
ing has ever been designed than the veils worn by the
Spanish women. Certainly they are infinitely more grace-
ful than a modern poke bonnet.

Dress goods cut up into little bits and sewed together into
fantastical shapes called trimmings, are apt if too freely
used to give an air of fussiness to the dress, and be withal
a source of endless annoyance in catching dust and dirt.
The former ideas of a border or hem to finish has become
the greater part of the garment.

Nothing is gained in grace by making any outside gar-
ment skin-tight, while much is lost in comfort by so doing.
A sleeve, for instance, to be serviceable and look well, should
be loose and adapt itself somewhat to the curve of the arm.
Likewise a dress waist looks far better a little loose, as
well as being more healthful and wearing better.

Large, stout persons can add to their appearance much
by wearing all outside skirts buttoned on to fitted under-
garments below the hips several inches, for gathers about
the waist only add to their stoutness of look, and are un-
comfortable to carry about. A yoked petticoat answers the
purpose very well in lieu of the buttoned skirts.

A wrapper for a tall slim person can have a Spanish
flounce, while a slashed skirt vsith kilt inserts is more be-
coming to a short figure. Large folds are always more
graceful than small pleats and puckers. One very great
fault of our dressmaking lies in not allowing the goods to
fall in large and natural folds, but in bunching and pleating
it in folding, and pressing the goods down into fantastic
and inartistic shapes. Added to this, paniers, and padding,
bustles, and hoops, until an ordinary woman is forced to
appear like a stuffed figure instead of a living human
being.

Every woman can modify, and arrange, and simplify, and
that without becoming either ultra or conspicuous. It will



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 291

take time. That cannot be helped, yet possibly the saving
in comfort and expense may fully compensate for the few
hours spent in studying her own dress with the mirror be-
fore her and with the determination to make the very best
and most of herself.



HOME DRESSMAKING.

The art of dressmaking in America has been of late years
so simplified that almost anyone with a reasonable degree
of executive ability can manufacture a fashionable costume
by using an approved pattern and following the directions
printed upon it, selecting a new pattern for each distinct
style; while in Europe many ladies adhere to the old plan
of cutting one model and using it for everything, trusting
to personal skill or luck to gain the desired formation.
However, some useful hints are given which are well worth
offering after the paper pattern has been chosen.

The best dressmakers here and abroad use silk for lining,
but nothing is so durable or preserves the material as well
as a firm slate twill. This is sold double width and should
be laid out thus folded: place the pattern upon it with the
upper part towards the cut end, the selvedge for the fronts.
The side pieces for the back will most probably be got out
of the width, while the top of the back will fit in the inter-
sect of the front. A yard of good staff may be often saved
by laying the pattern out and well considering how one
part cuts into another. Prick the outline on to the lining;
these marks serve as a guide for the tacking.

In forming the front side plaits be careful and do not
allow a fold or crease to be apparent on the bodice beyond
where the stitching commences. To avoid this, before be-
ginning stick a pin through what is to be the top of the
plait The head will be on the right side, and holding the
point, one can begin pinning the seam without touching



292 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOR.

the upper part of the bodice. To ascertain the size of the
buttonholes put. a piece of card beneath the button to be
used and cut it an eighth of an inch on either side beyond.
Having turned down the piece in front on the buttonhole
side run a thread a sixteenth of an inch from the extreme
edge, and again another the width of the card. Begin to
cut the first buttonhole at the bottom of the bodice, and
continue at equal distances. The other side of the bodice
is left wide enough to come well under the buttonholes.
The buttonholes must be laid upon it and a pin put through
the centre of each to mark where the button is to be placed.
In sewing on the buttons put the stitches in horizontally;
if perpendicularly they are likely to pucker that side of the
bodice so much that it will be quite drawn up, and the but-
tons will not match the buttonholes.



A WOMAN'S SKIRTS.

Observe the extra fatigue which is insured to every woman
in merely carrying a tray upstairs, from the skirts of the
dress. Ask any young women who are studying to pass ex-
aminations whether they do not find loose clothes a sine qua
non while poring over their books, and then realize the harm
we are doing ourselves and the race by habitually lowering
our powers of life and energy in such a manner. As a mat-
ter of fact it is doubtful whether any persons have ever been
found who would say that their stays were at all tight; and,
indeed, by a muscular contraction they can apparently
prove that they are not so by moving them about on them-
selves, and thus probably believe what they say. That
they are in error all the same they can easily assure them-
selves »by first measuring round the waist outside the
stays; then take them off, let them measure while they
take a deep breath, with the tape merely laid on the



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 293

body as if measuring for the quantity of braid to go round
6 dress, and mark the result. The injury done by stays is so
entirely internal that it is not strange that the maladies
caused by wearing them should be attributed to every reason
under the sun except the true one, which is, briefly, that all
the internal organ:, being by them displaced, are doing
their work imperfectly and under the least advantageous
conditions; and are, therefore, exactly in the state most
favorable to the development of disease, whether hereditary
or otherwise. — Maxmillan's Magazine.

TO MAKE THE SLEEVES.

As to sleeves. Measure from the shoulder to the elbow
and again from elbow to the wrist. Lay these measurements*
on any sleeve patterns you may have, and lengthen or
shorten accordingly. The sleeve is cut in two pieces, the
top of the arm and the under part, which is about an inch
narrower than the outside. In joining the two together, i?
the sleeve is at all tight, the upper part is slightly fulled to
the lower at the elbow. The sleeve is sown to the armhole
with no cordings now, and the front seam should be about
two inches in front of the bodice.

Bodices are now worn very tight-fitti ng, and the French
stretch the material weU on the cross before beginning to
cut out, and in cutting allow the lining to be slightly pulled,
bo that when on, the outside stretches to it and insures a
better fit. An experienced eye can tell a French-cut bodice
at once, the front side pieces being always on the cross. In
dress cutting and fitting, as in everything else, there are
failures and discouragements, but practice overrules these
little matters, and "trying again" brings a sure reward in
success.

A sensible suggestion is made in regard to the finish in
necks of dresses for morning wear. Plain colors have rather



294 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK.

a stiff appearance, tulle or crepe lisse frilling are expensive


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Online LibraryE NeilThe everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal → online text (page 18 of 21)