E Neil.

The everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal online

. (page 19 of 21)
Online LibraryE NeilThe everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal → online text (page 19 of 21)
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and frail, bo it is a good idea to purchase a few yards of
really good washing lace, about an inch and a half in depth;
quill or plait and cut into suitable lengths to tack around
the necks of dresses. This can be easily removed and
cleaned when soiled. A piece of soft black Spanish lace,
folded loosely around the throat close to the frillings, but
below it, looks very pretty; or you may get three yards of
scarf lace, trim the ends with frillings, place it around the
neck, leaving nearly all the length in the right hand, the
end lying upon the left shoulder being about half a yard
long. Wind the larger piece twice around the throat, in
loose, soft folds, and festoon the other yard and a half, and
fasten with brooch or flower at the side. — Philadelphia
Times.



ALL ABOUT KITCHEN WORK.

A lady who for a time was compelled to do all of her
own kitchen work says: "If every iron, pot, pan, kettle 01
any utensil used in the cooking of food, be washed as soon
as emptied, and while still hot, half the labor will be
saved." It is a simple habit to acquire, and the washing of
pots and kettles by this means loses some of its distasteful
aspects. No lady seriously objects to washing and wiping
the crystal and silver, but to tackle the black, greasy, and
formidable-looking ironware of the kitchen take a good deal
of sturdy brawn and muscle as well as common-sense.

If the range be wiped carefully with brown paper, after
cooking greasy food, it can be kept bright with little
difficulty.

Stoves and ranges should be kept free from soot [in all
compartments. A clogged hot-air passage will prevent any
oven from baking well.

When the draught is imperfect the defeat frequently



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 295

arises from the chimney being too low. To remedy the
evil the chimney should be built up, or a chimney-pot
added.

It is an excellent plan for the mistress to acquaint herself
with the practical workings of her range, unless her servants
are exceptionally good, for many hindrances to well-cooked
food arises from some misunderstanding of, or imperfection
in, this article.

A clean, tidy kitchen can only be secured by having a
place for everything and everything in its place, and by fre-
quent scourings of the room and utensils.

A hand-towel and basin are needed in "every kitchen for
the use of the cook or house-worker.

Unless dish-towels are washed, scalded and thoroughly
dried daily, they become musty and unfit for use, as also the
dish-cloth.

Cinders make a very hot fire— one particularly good for
ironing days.

Milk keeps from souring longer in a shallow pan than in
a milk pitcher. Deep pans make an equal amount of
cream.

Hash smoothly plastered down will sour more readily than
if left in broken masses in the chopping bowl, each mass be-
ing well exposed to the air.

Sauce, plain, and for immediate use, should not be put into
a jar and covered when warm, else it will change and fer-
ment very quickly. It will keep some days with care in the
putting up. Let it stand until perfectly cold, then put into
a stone jar.

To scatter the Philadelphia brick over the scouring board
on to the floor, to leave the soap in the bottom of the scrub-
bing pail, the sapolio in the basin of water, and to spatter
the black lead or stove polish on the floor are wasteful, slat-
ternly habits.

A clock in the kitchen is both useful and necessary.



29« THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK,



A NICE CLOTHES FRAME.

Our kitchen is very small; too small, in fact, to be very
comfortable in, and, moreover, has to serve the double pur-
pose of kitchen and laundry. There was no room to spare
for the large clothes-horse we had been accustomed to use,
nor even for a smaller clothes-screen we thought of pur-
chasing. In this emergency we happened upon a nice
frame, which consists of bars of wood secured at one end
in an iron clamp, which screws on the side of a window
frame. These bars move freely around, and quite a respect-
able sized ironing can be aired upon them. We found
they were invented and made by a dealer in the country
who had no patent upon them, and so, of course, his sales
must be limited, yet they are very convenient The clothes
are hung quite out of the way, and yet can be well aired.



KEEP THE CELLAR CLEAN.

A great deal of the sickness families suffer could be easily
traced to the cellar. The cellar not unusually opens into
the kitchen, the kitchen is heated, and the cellar is not.

Following natural laws, the colder air of the cellar will
rush to take the place of the warmer, and, therefore, lighter
air of the kitchen. This would be well enough if the cellar
air was pure, but often it is not; partly decayed vegetables
may be there, or rotten wood, etc. A day should be tal
to throw out and carry away all dirt, rotten woods, decay-
ing vegetables, and other accumulations which have gathered
there. Brush down the I, and with a bucket of

lime give the walls and ceiling a good coat of whitewash. If a
whitewash brush is not at hand take an old broom that the
good wife has worn out, and spread the whitewash on thick
and strong. It will sweeten up the air in the cellar, tho



TKE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 297

parlor, and the bedrooms, and it may save the family from
the afflictions of fevers, diphtheria and doctors.



SUNLIT ROOMS.

No article of furniture should be put in a room that will
not stand sunlight, for every room in a dwelling should
have the windows so arranged that some time during the
day a flood of sunlight will force itself into the apartments.
The importance of admitting the light of the sun freely to
all parts of our dwellings cannot be too highly estimated.
Indeed, perfect health is nearly as much dependent on pure
sunlight as it is on pure air. Sunlight should never be ex-
cluded except when so bright as to be uncomfortable to the
eyes. And walks should be in bright sunlight, so that the
eyes are protected by veil or parasol when inconveniently
intense. A sun-bath is of more importance in preserving
a healthful condition of the body than is generally under-
stood.

A sun-bath costs nothing, and that is a misfortune, for
people are deluded with the idea that those things only can
be good or useful which cost money. But remember that
pure water, fresh air and sunlit homes kept free from damp-
ness, will secure you from many heavy bills of the doctors
and give you health and vigor, which no money can pro-
cure. It is a well established fact that people who live
much in the sun are usually stronger and more healthy than
those whose occupations deprive them of sunlight. And
certainly there is nothing strange in the result, since the
same law applies with nearly equal force to every animate
thing in nature. It is quite easy to arrange an isolated
dwelling so that every room may be flooded with sunlight
some time in the day, and it is possible many town houses
could be so built as to admit more light than they now re-
ceive.



293 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK.



PLEASANT HOMES.

Handsome furniture will not, unaided, make rooms cheer-
ful. The charm of a cosy home rests principally with
its mistress. If she is fortunate enough to have sunny
rooms, her task is half done. In apartments into which the
sun never shines recourse must be had to various devices
to make up, so far as may be, for this grave lack. A sun-
less room should have bright and joyous color in its fur-
nishings. The walls should be warmly tinted, the curtains
give a roseate glow to the light that passes through them.
An open fire may diffuse the sunshine but lately impris-
oned in oak or hickory, or ages ago locked up in anthracite.
Ferneries and shade-loving plants may contribute their gen-
tle cheer to the room and suggest quift forest nooks. An
attractive room need not be too orderly. A book left lying
on the table, a bit of needle- work on the window-sill, an
open piano, may indicate the tastes and occupations of the
inmates, without suggesting that there is not a place for
everything in that room. There is such a thing as being
too neat and nice to take comfort in everyday life, and this
is anything but cheerful. And then there is such a thing
as being so disorderly and negligent that comfort and cheer
are impossible. If the house-mother cannot rest while there
is a finger-mark on the paint or a spot on the window-
panes, she may make a neat room, but her splint will keep
it from ever being cheerful. If she has no care for the
" looks of things " her failure will be equally sure. A bird
singing in the w T indow, an aquarium on the table in some
corner, plants growing and blooming, domestic pets moving
about as if at home, these give life and brightness to an
apartment, and afford constant opportunities for the pleas-
antest occupation and companionship. Books people a
room, and pictures on the walls, if selected with taste, are



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOR. 299

ever fresh sources of enjoyment. You may gauge the refine-
ment and cultivation of a family by these infallible tests,
unless they have been selected by some outsider. Bits of
embroidery, of scroll-work, and a thousand tasteful devices
mtribute to the charm of a room and make it irresist-
ibly attractive.



HOW TO BE HANDSOME,

Where is the woman who would not be beautiful? If
euch there be — but no, she does not exist. From that
memorable day when the Queen of Sheba made a formal
call on the lute lamented King Solomon until the recent
advent of the Jersey Lily, the power of beauty has controlled
the fate of dynasties and the lives of men. Hqw to be
beautiful, and consequently powerful, is a question of far
greater inportance to the feminine mind than predestina-
tion or any other abstract subject. If women are to govern,
control, manage, influence, and retain the adoration of hus-
bands, fathers, brothers, lovers, or even cousins, they must
look their prettiest at all times.

All women cannot have good features, but they can look
well, and it is possible to a great extent to correct deform-
ity and develop much of the figure. The first step to good
looks is good health, and the first element of health is
cleanliness. Keep clean — wash freely, bathe regularly. All
the skin wants is leave to act, and it takes care of itself.
In the matter of baths we do not strongly advocate a
plunge in ice-cold water; it takes a woman with some of
the clear grit that Robert Collyer loves to dilate on and a
strong constitution to endure it. If a hot bath be used,
let it come before retiring, as there is less danger of taking
cold afterwards; and, besides, the body is weakened by the
ablution and needs immediate rest. It is well to use a flesh-



300 THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK.

brush, and afterwards rinse off the soap-suds by briskly
rubbing the body with a pair of coarse toilet gloves. The
most important part of a bath is the drying. Every part
of the body should be rubbed to a glowing redness, using a
coarse crash towel at the finish. If sufficient friction can-
not be given, a small amount of bay rum applied with the
palm of the hand will be found efficacious. Ladies who
have ample leisure and who lead methodical lives take a
plunge or sponge bath three times a week, and a vapor or
sun bath every day. To facilitate this very beneficial prac-
tice a south or east apartment is desirable. The lady de-
nudes herself, takes a seat near the window, and takes in
the warm rays of the sun. The effect is both beneficial and
delightful If, however, she be of a restless disposition, bhe
may dance, instead of basking, in the sunlight. Or, if she
be not fond of dancing, she may improve the shining hours
by taking down her hair and brushing it, using sulphur
water, pulverized borax dissolved in alcohol, or some sim-
ilar dressing. It would be surprising to many ladies to see
her carefully wiping the separate locks on a clean, white
towel until the dust of the previous day is entirely removed.
"With such care it is not necessary to wash the head, and
the hair under this treatment is invariably good.

One of the most useful articles of the toilet is a bottle of
ammonia, and any lady who has once learned its value will
never be without it. A few drops in the water takes the
place of the usual amount of soap, and cleans out the pores
f)i the skin as well as a bleach will do. Wash the face with
«► flesh-brush, and rub the lips well to tone their color. It
is well to bathe the eyes before putting in the spirits, and
if it is desirable to increase their brightness, this may be
done by dashing soapsuds into them. Always rub the eyes,
in washing, toward the nose. If the eyebrows are inclined
to spread irregularly, pinch the hairs together where thick-
est If they show a tendency to meet, this contact may be



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOR, 301

avoided by pulling out the hairs every morning before the
toilet.

The dash of Orientalism in costume and lace now turns
a lady's attention to her eyelashes, which are worthless if
not long and drooping. Indeed, so prevalent is the desire
for this beautiful feature that hair-dressers and ladies' ar-
tists have scores of customers under treatment for invigor-
ating their stunted eyelashes and eyebrows. To obtain
these fringed curtains, anoint the roots with a balsam made
of two drachms of nitric oxide of mercury mixed with one of
leaf lard. After an application wash the roots with a cam-
el's hair brush dipped in warm milk. Tiny scissors are
used, with which the lashes are carefully but slightly
trimmed every other day. When obtained, refrain from
rubbing or even touching the lids with the finger-nails.
There is more beauty in a pair of well-kept eyebrows and
full, sweeping eyelashes than people are aware of, and a
very inattractive and lustreless eye assumes new beauty
when it looks out from beneath elongated fringes. Many
ladies have a habit of rubbing the corners of their eyes to
remove the dust that will frequently accumulate there.
Unless this operation is done with little friction it will be
found that the growth of hair is very spare, and in that
case it will become necessary to pencil the barren corners.
Instead of putting cologne water on the handkerchief, which
has come to be considered a vulgarism among ladies of
correct tastes, the perfume is spent on the eyebrows and
lobes of the ears.

If commenced in youth, thick lips may be reduced by
compression, and thin linear ones are easily modified by
suction. This draws the blood to the surfaces, and pro-
duces at first a temporary and, later, a permanent inflation.
It is a mistaken belief that biting the lips reddens them.
The skin of the lips is very thin, rendering them extremely
susceptible to organic derangement, and if the atmosphere



202 THE EVERYDAY COOIt-lJO;

does not cause chaps or parchment, the result of such harsh
treatment will develop into swelling or the formation of
scars. Above all things, keep a sweet breath.

Everybody cannot have beautiful hands, but there is no
plausible reason for their being ill-kept. Red hands may be
overcome by soakiog the feet in hot water as often as pos-
sible. If the skin i3 hard and dry, use tar or oat-meal soap,
saturate them with glycerine, and wear gloves in bed.
Never bathe them in hot water, and wash no oftener than is
necessary. There are dozens of women with soft, white
hands who do not put them in water once a month. Rub-
ber gloves are worn in making the toilet, and they are cared
for by an ointment of glycerine and rubbed dry with
chamois-skin or cotton flannel. The same treatment is not
unfrequently applied to the face with the most successful
results. If such methods are used, it would be just as well
to keep the knowledge of it from the gentlemen. We know
of one beautiful lady who has not washed her face for three
years, yet it is always clean, rosy, sweet, and kissable. With
some of her other secrets she gave it to her lover for safe
keeping. Unfortunately, it proved to be her last gift to
that gentleman, who declared in a subsequent note that "I
cannot reconcile my heart and my manhood to a woman
who can get along without washing her face."



SOME OF THE SECRETS OF BEAUTY.

There is as much a "fashion" in complexion as there is in
bonnets or boots. Sometime nature is the mode, some-
times art. Just now the latter is in the ascendant, though,
as a rule, only in that inferior phase which has not reached
the "concealment of art" — the poiut where extremes meet
and the perfection of artifice presents all the appearance
of artlessness. No one of an observant turn of mind, who is



THB EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 803

accustomed to the sight of English maids and matrons, can
deny that making-up, as at present practiced, partakes of
the amateurish element. Impossible reds and whites grow
still more impossibly red and white from week to week un-
der the unskilled hands of tha wearer of "false colors,"
who does not like to ask for advioo on so delicate a subject,
for, even were she willing to confers to the practice, the im-
putation of experience conveyed in the asking for counsel
might be badly received, and would scarcely be in good
taste.

The prevalent and increasing short-sightedness of our
times is, perhaps, partly the cause of the excessive use
of rouge and powder. The wield er of the powder puff
sees herself afar off, as it were. She knows that she
cannot judge of the effect of her complexion with her face
almost touching its reflection in the glass, and, standing
about a yard off, she naturally accentuates her roses and
lilies in a way that looks very pleasing to her, but is
rather startling to any one with longer sight. Nor can
she tone down her rouge with the powdered Lair that
softened the artificial coloring of her grandmother when she
had her day. Powder is only occasionally worn with <^en-
ing dress, and it is by daylight that those dreadful bluish
reds and whites look their worst.

On the other hand, there are some women so clevei at
making up their faces that one almost feels inclined to
condone the practice in admiration of the result. These
are the small minority, and are likely to remain so,
for their secret is of a kind unlikely to be shared. The
closest inspection of these cleverly managed complexions
reveals no trace of art.

Notwithstanding the reticence of these skilled artists,
an occasional burst of confidence has revealed a few of
their means of accomplishing the great end of looking
pretty. "Do you often do that?" said one of those clever



804 THE E/ERYDAY COOK-BOOK.

ones, a matron of 37, who looked like a girl of 19, to a
friend who was vigorously rubbing her cheeks with a coarse
towel after a plentiful application of cold water.

" Yes, every time I come in from a walk, ride, or drive.
Why?"

" Well, no wonder you look older than you are. You are
simply wearing your face out 1 M

" But I must wash ? "

" Certainly, but not like that. Take a leaf out of my
book; never wash your face just before going out into
the fresh air, or just after coming in. Nothing is more
injurious to the skin. Come to the glass. Do you notice
a drawn look about your eyes and a general streakiness
in the cheeks? That is the result of your violent
assault upon your complexion just now. You look at this
moment ten years older than you did twenty minutes ago
in the park."

" Well, I really do. I look old enough to bo your mother;
but then, you are wonderful You always look so young
and fresh 1 "

" Because I never treat my poor face so badly as you dc
yours. I use rain-water, and if I cannot get that, I have
the water filtered. When I dress for dinner I always
wash my face with milk, adding just enough hot water
to make it pleasant to use. A very soft sponge and
very fine towel take the place of your terrible huckaback
arrangement."

Two or three years ago a lady of Oriental parentage on
her father's side spent a season in London society. Her
complexion was brown, relieved by yellow, her features
large and irregular, but redeemed by a pair of lovely and
expressive eyes. So perfect was her taste in dress that she
always attracted admiration wherever she went. Dressed
in rich dark brown or dullest crimsons or russets, so that
no one ever noticed much what she wore, she so managed



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 809

that suggestions and hints — no more — of brilliant amber
or pomegranate scarlet should appear just where they im-
parted brilliancy to her deep coloring, and abstract the
yellow from her skin. A knot of old gold satin under the
rim of her bonnet, another at her throat, and others in
among the lace at her wrists, brightened up the otherwise
subdued tinting of her costume, so that it always looked as
though it had been designed expressly for her by some
great colorist. Here rouge was unnecessary. The sur-
roundings were arranged to suit the complexion, instead of *
the complexion to suit the surroundings. There can be no
4oubt as to which is the method which best becomes the
gentlewoman.

In addition to the disagreeable sensation of making-up,
it must be remembered that the use of some of the white
powders eventually destroys the texture of the skin, ren-
dering it rough and coarse. Rimmel, the celebrated per-
fumer, in his "Book of Perfumes," says that rouge, being
composed of cochineal and saffron, is harmless, but that
white cosmetics consist occasionally of deleterious sub-
stances which may injure the health. He advises actors
and actresses to choose cosmetics, especially the white, with
the greatest care, and women of the world, who wish to pre-
serve the freshness of their complexion, to observe the fol-
lowing recipe: Open air, rest, exercise, and cold water.
In another part of this pleasant book the author says that
schonada, a cosmetic used among the Arabs, is quite innocu-
ous and at the same time effectual. " This cream, which
consists of sublimated benzoin, acts upon the skin as a
slight stimulant, and imparts perfectly natural colors during
some hours without occasioning the inconveniences with
which European cosmetics may justly be reproached." It is
a well-known fact that bismuth, a white powder containing
sugar of lead, injures the nerve-centres when constantly
employed, and occasionally causes paralysis itsell



808 TtfE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK,

In getting up the eyes, nothing is injurious that is hot
dropped into them. The use of kohl or kohol is quite harm-
less, and, it must be confessed, very effective when applied
— as the famous recipe for salad dressing enjoins with re-
gard to the vinegar — by the hand of a miser. Modern
Egyptian ladies make their kohol of the smoke produced by
burning almonds. A small bag holding the bottle of kohol,
and a pin, with a rounded point with which to apply it,
form j>art of the toilet paraphernalia of all the beauties of
Cairo, who make the immense mistake of getting up their
eyes in an exactly similar manner, thus trying to reduce the
endless variety of nature to one common pattern, a mistake
that may be accounted for by the fact that the Arabs believe
kohol to be a sovereign specific against ophthalmia. Their
English sisters often make the same mistake without the
same excuse. A hairpin steeped in lampblack is the usual
method of darkening the eyes in England, retribution fol-
lowing sooner or later in the shape of a total loss of the
eyelashes. Eau de Cologne is occasionally dropped into the
eyes, with the effect of making them brighter. The opera*
tion is painful, and it is said that half a dozen drops of
whiskey and the same quantity of Eau de Cologne, eaten
on a lump of sugar, is quite as effective.

HEADACHE.

One of our English contemporaries has wisely been de-
voting some thought and space to the common and dis-
tressing fact that a great many English women suffer from
headache. The same trouble prevails in America, and
men, no matter how selfish they may be, are deeply con-
cerned about it, for a wife with a headache cannot be com-
panionable; the best of sweethearts with a headache is sure
to be unreasonable, while a lady who has neither husband
or other special cavalier to engross her attention can ruin
the peace of mind of every one she meets while she has a



THE EVERYDAY COOK-BOOK. 307

headache of perceptible size. No amount of masculine
grumbling is likely to change all this, but women themselves
might change it if they would comprehend the causes of the
malady, and then apply their nimble wits to tho work of
prevention or cure.

The trouble is that all American women who have head-
aches live indoors, where the best air is never good and the
worst is poison, and they have none of the exercises which


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Online LibraryE NeilThe everyday cook and recipe book : containing more than two thousand practical recipes for cooking every kind of meat, fish, poultry, game, soups, broths, vegetables and salads : also for making all kinds of plain and fancy breads, pastries, puddings, cakes, creams, ices, jellies, preserves, marmal → online text (page 19 of 21)