Edward Carpenter.

Pagan & Christian creeds : their origin and meaning online

. (page 25 of 25)
Online LibraryEdward CarpenterPagan & Christian creeds : their origin and meaning → online text (page 25 of 25)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


243

Chests or Arks, sacred, 240 n.

Chetah and Puma, companions
of early man, 75

" Children of God," 182

Child-state, genius of, 173; supe-
rior to maturity, 174

Chinese beliefs, 160



Christ, putting on, 122, 123

Christian Church, pretended
unique, 11, 19; its barbari-
ties, 108, 109, 117, 257;
suppression of rival teachings,
130, 155, 205; its pagan
character at first, 180; anti-
sexual later, 181; individual-
istic in its teaching, 190;
gradual corruption of, 207

Christianity, spiritual signifi-
cance of, 128; one phase of
the great World-religion, 128,
198, 259; corrupted by
commercialism, 191 ; begin-
nings of, ch. xiii; borrowings
from Mithraism, 204; decay
of, 208; democratic tendency
of, 220; definition of, 257,
258; e.xodus of, 268

Christmas Day, fixed, 26, 27;
its meaning, 27-30

Christ-myth, the, 209, 210

Christos, the, meaning of, 202,

235, MS
Church of the Future, 263 sq.
Cinderella myth, 237
Circling of the globe, 285
Cixdlization, origins of, 15; a

parenthesis in evolution, 97;

compared with Christianity,

257
Colenso, Bishop, and the Zulus,

178
Commercialism tottering to its

fall, 276
Communal sense, in animals, 251;

in the future, 276
Communion-table originally an

altar, 244; Holy Communion,

67
Comte's church of Positivism, 264
Consciousness, its three stages,
13, 140, 222, 235; as expla-
nation of world-religion, ch. '
xiv, also pp. 16 and 17;
cosmic, 102, 139, 142, 295-
308



INDEX



313



Consciousness, third stage of,

231 sq., 235, 250; as final

religion, 268
Corn-rites, 84; associated with

Virgo, 34; corn-spirit seen

in the ear of com, 82, 83;

sacrifices to, 84
Crawley, E. A., quoted, 11, 65,

196, 229, 246, 249
Creation, Art of, quoted, 142
Creative spirit of mankind, 218
Crucifixion, the, prefigured in

Paganism, 23, 24, 42
Crux Ansata, the, 183
Cumont, Franz, quoted, 44, 201,

204, 220
Cybele, the Earth-mother, rites,

45, IS7
Cyclones, a psychological symbol,
284

Dancing as a rite, ch. xi, p. 231;
for rain, 167; for success in
hunting, 168; in war, 168;
initiation dances, 169; mys-
tery dances, 169; in worship
of the gods, 170; naked dances,
171; orgiastic and Bacchana-
lian, 172; at the vintage, 171;
as nurse of the Drama, 172;
dance of the Seises at Seville,
266

Daubing with clay, etc., 125

Death, not always feared by
primitives, 150

Delilah, 28

Demeter and Persephone, legend
and rites, 73

Democracy, germs of, in Indian
teaching, 254; the true D.,

25s
Denderah, Temple of, 31
Devaki, 160

Devil, wiles of, 25, 26, 155
Devil-dancing, 177
Devil's Pulpit, the, 10
Diana, or Artemis, of the Ephe-

sians, 86, 161



Dinkas, the, 58, 75

Dionysus or Bacchus as Saviour,

52, 205; dismemberment,
death and resurrection, 52,
53; rites, 65, 66, 128

Dismemberment of gods, 52, 53,

66, 152
Doane, Bible myths, quoted, 50,

51,66
Drews, professor A., quoted,

203, 209
Dupuis quoted, ic, 30 n., 32 «.,

53, 160

Earth, the, worship of, as Gaia,
Demeter, Cybele, etc., 73,

557
Ecliptic, the, 38
Ecstasy, 242, 298
Effort, all genuine effort means

success, 294
Ego, the, what is it? 296-7; not

limited by the body, 297;

finds its true nature, 306-8
Ekdgratd, one-pointedness, 250
Eleusis, pilgrimage at, 240
Ellis, Havelock, quoted, 146,

188, 230
Emerson, R. W., quoted, 133
Emu-totem ceremony, 61, 62
Enoch, book of, 202; Secrets of,

213
Equality, inner, 308
Eros and Psyche myth, 238, 249
Esquimaux rites, 33, 123
Etruscan creeds, 160
Eucharist, rites. Christian and

pagan, 51, 60, 66-8; in

China and Tartary, 68;

world-wide, 128, 151, 234;

perhaps cannibalistic in origin,

152; derived from pagan

Mysteries, 243
Euhemerism, 10
Expiation, ch. \'ii; meaning of,

p. 104; ritual of, 227

Faith-healing, 177



314



PAGAN AND CHRISTIAN CREEDS



Fall of Man, the, ch. ix, pp. 8i,

141, 143, 175, 254

Famell, Dr., quoted, 82 n.,
23s, 240, 246

Fashion, in Science, 9

Fear, domination of, 13, 14, 109;
creating taboos, 14; and lead-
ing to magic and ritual, 15;
rooted in Ignorance, 275; not
prominent in babyhood, 295

Feeling before thinking, 147

Fertility charms, 73

Fielding, H., quoted, 80

Fire-drill, the, as sex-symbol, 183

Firmicus, Julius, quoted, 112, 124

Fish succeeds to Ram and Bull
in Zodiac, 48

Forest-schools of India, 299

Frazer, Dr. J. G., quoted, 11, sSj
42, 45, 51, 58, 61, 64, 67, 75,
79, 83, 86, 90, 107, 122, 212,
344

"Free from Qualities," 302, 303,

304
Freedom of the universe, 270;
freedom and peace, 279, 286

Garcilasso dclla Vega, quoted,

Garden of Eden, of the Hesperides,
etc., 138

Geddes and Thomson quoted, 87

Generation and Regeneration, 248

Glover, Conflict of Religions,
quoted, 200, 220

Gnostics, the, 205; pre-Chris-
tian, 206; Gnostic redeemer,
206; doctrines, 248

Gods, genesis of, 91, 114; as
composite images, 92, 93, 95;
animal-headed, 94; Olym-
pian, 114

God-nature acquired by Man,

243
Golden Age, legend of, ch. ix;

characteristics of, 143, 144
"Goodness," dangers of, 304, 307
Gorilla dance, 168



Gospel stories, difficulty of belief

in, 212, 213
Gubernatis, De, quoted, 81

Harrison, Jane, quoted, 11, 61,

62, 64, 75, 91, 120, 124, 229,

260
Hasting's Encyclopedia quoted,

194
Hatch, Dr., quoted, 239, 243
Hercules-legend, 23, 28; H. as

Saviour, 49, 129; as Sun-god,

50; as crucified, 190
Hermes Trismegistus, 243, 248
Herodotus quoted, 125, 182
Hertha, earth-goddess, 160
Hcsiod quoted, 138
Hewitt, J. E., quoted, 177, 245
Uierodouloi, 182
"Himself a sacrifice to Himself,"

131, 132, 251, 260
Hippolytus, Bishop, quoted, 247
Holophrasc, the, an early form

of language, 229
Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem, 28
Horus as Saviour, 129
"Host," meaning of the word,

131
Hudson, W. H., quoted, 56, 75, 97
Huitzilopochtli, eucharist, 67
Humanity, future of, 278

Identity, of god and victim, 108,

131, etc.; perception of, 300
Ignorance or non-perception, a

root of the world, 275
Illumination, 242, 298
Immortality, 89, 298
Im Thum, quoted on the Guiana

Indians, 96
Incas, Rites and Laws of, 67
Indra as Saviour, 129
Initiation, rites of, 120; ordeals,

123; instruction, 124, 126;

as actual marriage, 246
Inman, Thomas, quoted, 10, 81
Intra-uterine blessedness, theory

of, 138



INDEX



815



Isis worship, 33, 159, 200;

popularity of, 201; mysteries

of, 241, 244
Isolated Self an illusion, 273

Jefferies, Richard, quoted, 100
Jerome, Saint, quoted, 159,

204
Jesus Christ, date of birth fixed,
A.D. 530, 26; J. C. legend,
21; coicidences with pagan
legends, 50, 51; supposed
initiate in the Vedanta, 206;
legendary or real? 209, 217,
258
Jevons, F. B., quoted, 75, 242
Justin Martyr, 25; quoted, 26,
46, SI

Keith, professor A., quoted, 230
Khonds, sacrifices among the, 118,

132
Kikuyu tribe, E. Africa, 120
Kings, early, 88; become gods,

89
Kingsborough on Mexico, 40 «.;
Aztec holy supper, 67; doc-
trine of Saviour, 130; quoted,
160
Knight, R. P., quoted, 10, 160
Krishna legend, 23, $1; K, as

Saviour, 129, 132
Kropotkin quoted, 140, 145

Lake of Beauty, quoted, 290

Lamb or Ram, constellation of,
34; symbol of the risen
Saviour, 39, and of Redemp-
tion, 40; washed in the
blood of, 41; sacrifice of in
Morocco, 46; worship suc-
ceeds that of the Bull, 47

Lang, Andrew, quoted, 58, 66,
72, 89, 108, 125, 133, 169

Language, birth of, about simul-
taneous with self -conscious-
ness, 229

Lao-tze, quoted, 289, 291



Legends, rapid growth of, 210;
in the Christian Church, 211;
in Babism, 214-216

Life, eternal through love, 252

Lingam, the, in Hindu Temples,
182; in the Jewish Temple,
183; as the Christos, 245; its
real meaning, 251

Loisy, M., work of, 167

Love, denied leads to Mammon,
189; its divorce from Sex,
199, 249; Love and Ignorance,
the two great factors of Life,

273
Love and charity, importance of,

293
Lucian quoted, 157, 169

McDougall, W., quoted, 225
^lacLennan quoted, 183
Maeterlinck quoted, 140, 148
Magic, 11; of contact, 64, 65;

vegetation-magic, ch. v and

vi; sympathetic m., 70, 75;

in snakes, 73; in words, 156;

a blend of primitive science

and religion, 74, 79, 86, 87;

main objects of, 89
Maitland, Edward, quoted, 159
Man, an exile from Eden, 226, 227
Mana or life-force, 62, 64; of

the Bull, 84
Marett, R. R., quoted, 176
Marriage, of or with trees, 80;

m. customs generally, 195
Martius, von, quoted, 27, 95
]Mass-man and unit-man, 154
Max Miiller quoted, 129, 229
May-pole dances, 76
Mead, G. R. S., quoted, 248
Medicine-men and magicians,

power of, 88; transformed to

gods, 92, 93; their general

capability, 176
Meditation, meaning of the word,

305
Mediterranean, religions, 20; ori-
gins of Christianity, 200



316



PAGAN AND CHRISTIAN CREEDS



Meilichios, the great Snate, 82

Meriahs among the Khonds, 118,
132

Messiah, meaning of, 202

Metamorphosis and Transforma-
tion, 127; a world-wide doc-
trine, 128

Milk-diet, after initiation, 45,
127, 253; in the Soma
sacrifice, 177

Millennium, often prophesied, 237

Mind, stilling of, 287, 289, 290

Mithra-legend, the, 21, 25, 33;
rites, 41, 42, 44; M. as Saviour,
129; popularity of, 201, 203,
204, 2og

Morality, pagan superior to Chris-
tian, 199; Christian more
universal than pagan, 201;
parallel passages, 218; final,
269; cant of, 307

Miiller's Dorians quoted, 118,
170

Murray, Gilbert, quoted, 64, 65,
73, 82, 84, 90, 92, 205

Mystery-plays of a god-man,
common in antiquity, 212,
240; Mysteries generally, 235,
238, ch. XV ; three methods of
teaching, 239; revelations in,
240, 241 ; mystery-societies,
243; vilified by Christians, 246

Naassene doctrines, 248
Nakedness, in ancient rites, 171;

importance now, 197, 256
A^an/'a-spots (Australian), 89
Nautch-girls, 182
Neith as Virgin-mother, 160
Neolithic, culture, 146; freedom

from War, 146; origins of

religion, 228
Nicene Creed, futility of, 207
Non-action in action, 291, 292
Non-differentiation, final, 269
Nork, F., quoted, 10, 32, 245
Notre Dame, church of, at Paris,

33, 161



Odin, as Saviour, 132

Oil, anointing with, 202, 244,

24s

Omaha Indians, 124, 261

Open-air, importance of, 293

Open secret, the, 306

Ordeals, 123

Orphism, 65; and Dionysus,
66; Orphic tablets, 242

Osiris-legend, the, 22; birth of
O., 27; dismemberment of
the god, 53; sacramental
eating, 67; O, as a Tree-spirit,
79; as Corn-spirit, 83; as
Saviour, 129

Parthenogenesis, 162

Passover, and the saving blood,
40; ditto in Peru, 40

Patriotism versus brotherhood,
258, 267

Paul, St., somewhat confused in
mind, 252; his use of mystery-
language, 253

Pausanias quoted, 157

Payne, E. J., quoted, 229

Persian influences, 203

Peruvians, 58, 67, 130

Phallicism, 10, 20, 182, 183,
247

Phallus, as conductor and re-
conductor of Souls, 248

Pindar on the Islands of the
Blest, 138

Plato, allegory of the Cave, 102;
on Atlantis, 138

Prajdpati, the dismembered god,
66, 152

Precession of Equinoxes, 37, 41

Prescott, quoted, 28 «., 107

Priesthood, power of, 201

Primitive man, his imity with
nature and the animals, 74,
76, 223, 224; his blend of
Science and Religion, 78; and
general good sense, 176, 178

Prometheus, as Saviour, 129;
the crucified, 190



INDEX



317



Property, influence of, 147, 272,

307

Prostitution, 188

Protestantism, self-regarding, 254

Psychological and material evolu-
tion simultaneous, 271

Psychology of religious origins
similar everywhere, 228

Purity, its meaning, 300

Quetzalcoatl, as Saviour, 130, 132,
160

Rain-making, among Mandans,
71; Greeks, 72; Hebrews,
72; Aztecs, 73; N.A. In-
dians, 73; by dancing, 167

Re-birth or Regeneration, doc-
trine of, 119; rites of, 120;
as sacred animal, 122; neces-
sity of, 151, 234

Reclus, Elisee, on La Grande
Famille, 74, 75; Elie, quoted,
118

Red Indian tribes, 58, 59

Redemption of the Body, 270

Reflective words, characteristic
of Second Stage, 272

Reinach, S., quoted, 11, 54, 56,

57, 59, 143, 259

Re-incamation, early belief in,
89,90

Reitzenstein quoted, 242, 246,
248, 252

Religion, definitions of, 57, 259;
evolved from magic, 91, 149;
a story of illusion, loi; pa-
rent of the arts, 143; essentials
of, in early man, 147, 172; a
tribal sense, 249, 260

Religious evolution, three great
theories of, 12, 13; pano-
rama of, 223

Religious Rites, similar every-
where, 16, 114, 119

Rending of the veil, its meaning,
266

Reservoir and water-drop, 288 |



Restlessness, urgency of the
modern problem, 283; in
Western lands, 284, 287; rest
a condition of good work, 291

Resurrection, celebrated in Pagan-
ism, ch. ii, pp. 42, 113; not
mentioned in original St.
Mark, 213

Ritual before language, 148, 166,
167, 231

Rix, Herbert, quoted, 216

Robertson, J. M., quoted, 11, 43,
44, 45, 51, 52, 209

Robertson-Smith, on Camel-rite,
60; on sacrifice, 66

Roman Empire, the seedbed of
the new religion, 208

Sacasa, festival of, 107

Sacred stones, 244; upright, 245

Sacrifice, its meaning, 63, 66,

103 sq.; instances of, 105;

Biblical, 105; Carthaginian

105; Mexican, 106, 107;

Babylonian, 107; essential

importance of, 115, 116;

antiquity of beUef in, 117

Sahagun quoted 40 «., 73, 106,

107; storj' of his writings, 130
Salvation, meaning of, 236, 242
Samothracian Mysteries, 247
Samson as sun-god, 27, 50
Sana Sakshi, the universal Wit-
ness, 302, 303
Saviour or Soter, 90, 206; doc-
trine of, world-wade, 129, 202;
general belief in, a psycho-
logical necessity, 155; the
sa\aour Child, 161
Science, its early connection with
magic, 15; its final conjunc-
tion with Religion, 18, 301;
present-day science, 97
Second birth, doctrine of, see

Re-birth
Second Stage, characteristics of, 272
Secularist, wrath against priests,



318



PAGAN AND CHRISTL\N CREEDS



Seed or seeds, use of, in the
Mysteries, 67, 177 «., 240 n.

Self-consciousness, its place in
evolution, 141, 150, 225; the
origin of ritual, 147, 165; a
danger to the Tribe, 150; a
sleep and a forgetting, 174;
nurse of the practical Intel-
lect, 174; relation to Sex,
186; to birth of language,
229; the false must die, 232;
the true, 274; appearing at
age of three, 295; hardly
found in animals, 296

Separation, an illusion, 301, 307

Serpent and Scorpion, 28

Sex, treatment of, by Chris-
tianity, ch. xii; its connection
everywhere with religion, 183;
as the Old Serpent, 186;
commercialized, 188; primi-
tive views on, 247; relation
to love, 249

Sex-rites, in the Jewish Temple
and elsewhere, ch. xii, pp.
20, 181-3; communal and
pandemic, 188; organs imaged
in the Mysteries, 244

Sex-taboo, the, 184-7; ^ neces-
sary stage, 187; meaning of,
in Christianity, 192

Shelley quoted, 97

Sin, the sense of, its origin, 103,
141; theory of sin and sacri-
fice, reasonable, no sq.;
natural evolution of, 114; its
redeeming value, 149; as
separation, 142, 227, 307

Siva, as the Sacrifice, 133

Snakes in magic, 73, 82

Sollas, W. J., quoted, 230

Soma-drink, nature of, 177

Son of Man, the, 206, 235

Spartacus and the slave-revolt,
138

Spartan friendships, 65

Spencer and Gillen quoted, 61,
19s



Spirit, the Great, 95; of the

Hive, 148
Spirits or Sprites, 1 1
Spontaneous evolution of rites

and creeds, 165, 222
Spring, and the renewal of life,

70, 112
Star in the East, 24; or Sirius,

29
Sungods, 10, 20, ch. ii; lad

Christianity, 21
Superstitions, ch. v; of ill-luck,

14, 156, 194
Suppression of instincts, 189;

of sex, harmfulness of, 196
Sympathetic magic for the crops,

75
S}T)hilis, 188
Systems and Creeds, delusive, t2,

loi; but necessary, 103

Taboos, created by fear, 14, 61,
62, 94; on food, 193; on the
Sabbath, 194; on marriage,
195; of sex, 185; due to
reaction, 185; to an instinct
of limitation, 193, 195; their
study important, 262; final
freedom from, 269

Tacitus quoted, 47

Tagore, Rabindranath, quoied,
290

Taipusam, festival in Ceylon,
264; meaning of, 265

Tammuz, or Adonis, 22

Tat twam asi, 299

Tatirobolium, 43

Taylor, Richard, author of Devil's
Pulpit, 10

Tennj'son quoted, 295

Tertullian quoted, 25, 130

Testament of the twelve patriarchs,
219

Thanalomania, 14, 177

ThargeUa, festival of, 118

Theocritus quoted, 65 n., 71,
197

Thera, inscriptions at, 170



INDEX



319



J.jud Stage, characteristics of,
.72; misunderstanding of ,

Thoreau quoted, 76

Three kings, the, 30

Tien (Chinese) as Saviour, 129

Tijne, estimates of, in evolution,

230, 236
Tools, use of, characteristic of.

Second Stage, 272
Totems, ch. iv; as tribe-names,

5S; as divinities, 57, 93,

224; as family and national

crests, 59; the eating of,

59, 61, 132
'^'^utain quoted, 201, 221
I awards Democracy quoted, 306
Tree and Serpent worships, 80;

their phalHc meaning, 82
'^'■'es, magic of, 76, 77, 79, 81;

emblems of the female, 81
Tribe, the, as a Spirit, 149
Twins, lucky, 87
Tylor, E. B., quoted, 80, 86, 224
i; iidall, John, quoted, 285

)hon, 28

Unity, the sense of, 127, 147,

301; its denial, 104, 148;
final evolution of, 262, 273

Upanishads, quoted, 133, 232,

268, 288, 289, 292, 299, 302,
304, 305; their origin, 299

Vt>(etation-gods, 20

Venus Mylitta, Temple of, 182

Vernal Equinox, 36; and the

Paschal Lamb, 40
Victim and god identical, 108;

himian, 112
^'•rgil, his 4th Eclogue, 137



Virgin Mary, worship of, 32;

assumption of, 32; feast of

Purification, 34
Virgin-birth, the, 21-24; also

31, ZZ, 156; many legends

thereon, 159
Virgin-mothers, ch. x; black

ditto, 160
Virgo, constellation of, 30
Visionary faculty, 124, 125

Wakonda, 125, 261
Wallace, A. R., quoted, 144
Walt Whitman quoted, 76, 252
War, origin of, 146; words for,

absent in earliest Aryan, 229
Westermarck quoted, 91, 121, 194
Wheelbarrow, chained to, 286
Williamson, The Great Law,

quoted, 241
Wine, cult of Com and the Vine,

52, 66
Winwood Reade quoted, 168, 177
Wordsworth quoted, 166, 173,

175

World-religion, the, its evolu-
tion, 16, 131; Christianity
a branch of, 198

World-wide similarity of rites
and creeds, 133; explana-
tions of, 134-136

Wrath of Early Fathers over
pagan legends, 25

Wundt, Wilhehn, on Self-con-
sciousness, 274

Zeus, connected with the goat,
94; with lightning and
thunder, 95

Zodiac, ch. iii; Maunder on the,
41 «.; the twelve Signs, 241



r.^lxJi V




W



m^^









l^.





1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 25

Online LibraryEdward CarpenterPagan & Christian creeds : their origin and meaning → online text (page 25 of 25)