Edward Clodd.

The story of the alphabet online

. (page 1 of 13)
Online LibraryEdward CloddThe story of the alphabet → online text (page 1 of 13)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


tlE



THE







■ \



EX BIBLIOTHECA




CAR. I. TAB ORI S.



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORWA. SAN WEGO
lA JOLU. CALIFORNIA



THE STORY OF

THE ALPHABET



BY

EDWARD CLODD

AUTHOR OK

THE STORY OF PRIMITIVE MAN," "PIONEERS OF EVOLUTION,
'•the STOKV of CREATION," ETC, ETC.



'* The i-^vo greatest inz'entions of the human mind
are 'vriting and money — thecomtMon /ttngitage of intel-
ligence, and the common language of self-interest."—
Marquis de Miraheai.-.



WITH NINKTV ILLUSTRATIONS



LONDON
GEORGE NEWNES, Limited

SOUTHAMPTON STREET, STRAND
19CX)



THIS LITTLE HISTORY
OF

ABC

IS DEDICATED lO

DOROTHY DAY

BY HER

LOVIXG GRANDFATHER



PREFACE

If this little book does not supply a want, it
fills, however imperfectly, a gap ; for the only
work in the English language on the subject —
Canon Isaac Taylor's "History of the Alphabet"
— is necessarily charged with a mass of techni-
cal detail which is stiff reading even for the
student of graphiology. Moreover, invaluable
and indispensable as is that work, it furnishes
only a meagre account of those primitive stages
of the art of writing, knowledge of which is
essential for tracing the development of that
art, so that its place in the general evolution of
human inventions is made clear. Prominence
is therefore given to this branch of the subject
in the following pages.

In the recent reprint of Canon Taylor's book
no reference occurs to the important materials
collected by Professor Flinders Petrie and Mr.
Arthur J. Evans in Egypt and Crete, the result
of which is to revolutionise the old theory of
the source of the Alphabet whence our own and
others are derived. This opens up a big ques-
tion for experts to settle ; and here it must
suttee to present a statement of the new evi-
dence, and to point out its significance, so that
the reader be not taken into the troubled
atmosphere of controversy. That he may,
further, not be distracted by footnotes, references
to the authorities cited are printed in the text.

E. C.

ROSEMONT. 19 CARLF.TON RoAD,

Tlfnkll Pakk. X.



CONTENTS



CHAP.

I. INTRODUCTORY ....
II. THE BEGINNINGS OF THE AI.l'HAHET ,

III. MEMORY-AIDS AND I'lCTURK-WRlTINi:

{a) Mnemonic
(/;) IMctorial .

(c) Ideographic

(d) Phonetic .

IV. CHINESE, JAl'ANESK, AND COREAN SCKIl'T:
V. CUNEIFORM WRITING .

VI. EGYPTIAN HIEKOGLYrillCS .

{a) Ilierof^lyphic Writini
{/>) Hieratic Writing
(c) Demotic Writing

VII. THE ROSE IT A STONE .

VIII. EGYPTIAN WRITING IN ITS RELATION T<
OTHER SCRIPTS ....

IX. CRETAN AND ALLIED SCRIPTS

X. GREEK PAPYRI

The Diffusion of the " Ph'vnician
Alphabet —

{a) Aramean ....
(/') Sabean ....
(c) Hellenic ....

XI. RUNES AND OGAMS ....
INDEX .



PAGE
9

37



S2

89

113

"5
125
127

12S



134

157
iqS



207
212
213
223

229



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



Indian Petition to t'tf Unite J States Congress



Frontispiece



difa^ical Pictograph against Stings .
Magical Detnce against Skin Disease
A /'Original Kock Cart'ings {Australia)

Al'original Koik l^aintings {Australia)
Bushman Paintings ....

Ituihitiiin Paintings . ...
S/>eiinit-n o/ llushmen Rock Sculptures

Engravin!;s found on Rocks in Algeria
Pushman Rain-L hartn
Seinang Rain-CUartn
, Record I'/ Expedition

I'arious Types of the Human p'orm
Quipu,/or Reckoning, «!-•e-posts
I'omh-board 0/ Indian Chief ....

Hunter's Crax>€-post

A Cadgers Map of a Begging District
Ojiiiva LoT'e-letter .....

I.oz-e-song

Mnemonic Song of an Ojiinva Medicine-pnan .
II 'til'eno destroying an Enemy ....
Etching on Innuit Drilld>ozv ....
cyihva Hunting Record .....
Hidatsa Pictograph on a Buffalo Shoulder-blcuie
Alaskan Hunting Record .....
Record of Starzung Hunter ....

Alaskan Hunting Life

Indian Expedition ......

Biography of Indian Chief ....

ITar-Si-ng ........

Letter offer ing Treaty of Peace
Census Roll of an Indian Band
Record of Departure {Innuit) ....

vii



Xiii LIST OF ILLU5TF.ATIOX5

FIG. P-^"^^

33. Statue from. Palenque "'

34. Itzcr^atl •''"!'

35. Reo-us of Itzcoa±l ,•.....• ^^

3^. PateTKOsteT Rehvs . . ~-

y;. Ckiiuse PictiiTe


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Online LibraryEdward CloddThe story of the alphabet → online text (page 1 of 13)