are named :
"I. Thomas Lord, Hartford, Conn., 1635.
"2. Robert Lord, Ipswich, Mass., 1635; Register of Deeds and of
Probate, Essex County., Mass., from about the period of his arrival until
his decease, 1683, i" his 80th year. He married Mary Waite of Wethers-
field, Essex Co., England, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Ward) Waite ;
and said Mary Ward was sister to Rev. Nathaniel Ward of Ipswich, Mass.,
son of Rev. John Ward of Ipswich, England, of whom see 'Memoir of
Rev. Nathaniel Ward,' by John Ward- Dean Esq.; ' Family of Waite' by
Deloraine P. Corey Esq.; Col. Chester's notes in the 'New England
Historical and Genealogical Register ;' and ' History of Ipswich, Mass.'
Of his descendants in female line see Haverhill, Mass., branch of Salton-
stalls, and notices of same, under ' Ward ' in the ' Register,' and others
distinguished therefrom ; also Bond's ' History of Watertown, Mass.'
"Among the descendants of Robert Lord of Ipswich, Mass., may be
mentioned: (i.) Nathaniel Lord of Ipswich, Mass. (descended from Robert
Lord the eldest son of the Register), known as ' Squire ' Lord, graduate
of Harvard College, and long Register at Ipswich, Mass.; and, of
Nathaniel's sons, James Nathaniel Lord of Salem, Mass., the 'leading
Lawyer of the Essex County Bar ;' Hon. Otis Phillips Lord, the eminent
Counsellor and Jurist ; and George Robert Lord, the latter still living at
Salem, Mass., and an officer of the Court. (2.) Thomas Lord of Boston,
merchant, deceased, descended from Nathaniel Lord (the youngest son
of the first Robert Lord of Ipswich, Mass.), the Town-treasurer, who
died at Ipswich, Mass. Said Thomas Lord was merchant at Boston in
1822, under the firm-name of Thomas Lord & Co., his partner being
Samuel R. Miller Esq., whose daughter Jane married the Hon. Josiah
Quincy, father of Gen. Samuel Miller Quincy lately deceased. He was
the son of Dea. Moses Lord of Ipswich, Mass., who married Abigail
Berry, granddaughter of Hon. Col. Thomas Berry Esq., a graduate of
Harvard, son of Capt. Thomas of Ipswich, Mass., a graduate of Harvard,
by Margaret Rogers, daughter of Rev. John Rogers, Pres. of Harvard
College ; and also granddaughter of the noted Rev. John Wise of Chebacco
' Parish, Ipswich, a graduate of Harvard ; and descended from the first
Captain Thomas Berry of Boston, in Barbados trade, who married Grace
Hayman of Charlestown, Mass., daughter of Major John Hayman who
bore the prefix of respect ' Mr.,' and whose descent was from the Hayman
family of the English gentry, and, through various branches as given in
English Records, from Haiman Dapifer — see Creve Cpeur, of the family
of William of Normandy; English and Irish Pedigrees under 'Hayman;'
and the Somerset 'Bye-Farms' Haymans (' Landed Gentry of England,'
" Lucius Manlius Sargent Esq. of West Roxbury, Mass., and Nathaniel
Bowditch, the distinguished writers, etc., are descendants from Major John
Turner of Salem, Mass., the eminent Barbados merchant, whose daughter
Elizabeth married the Hon. Col. Thomas Berry Esq. of this list. After
Major Turner's decease his widow went to Ipswich, Mass., to reside with
her daughter Mrs. Elizabeth (Turner) Berry."'
"3. William Lord oi Salem, Mass., 1635, called 'Senior' in the
Records, ' Constable ' and ' Cutler,' and a wealthy landholder, benefactor of
the First Church of Salem, Mass., married Abigail , who survived
him, but left no issue. He devised his estate mostly ' to kinsman William
Lord of Salem, Mass.,' ... of whom presently. Abigail ( )
Lord, widow of WiUiam Lord Senior, married, secondly. Resolved White,
who was brother to Peregrine of the Mayflower- Pilgrims family (see
Savage's 'Geneal. Diet.').
" 4. William Lord, Salem, Mass., called ' the Younger,' nephew of the
above named William Lord ; who married Jane , as he himself tells
us, though she signed her name sometimes as Eliza — perhaps her name was
Jane Eliza, or Eliza Jane. Fie had sons and daughters. Of the sons
Jeremiah Lord removed to Enfield, Conn., and had children : and great
care is necessary on -the part of the genealogist who attempts the arrange-
ment of his descendants, lest confusion arise by a commingling of their
names with descendants of Thomas Lord of Hartford, Conn. Another
son, William Lord, removed from Salem, Mass., and probably to
" Thomas Lord of Boston, merchant, was the father of Mr. Henry Dutch Lord.
Kittery, Me. He married Mary Moulton of Salem, Mass., and perhaps
the children of William and Mary Lord, found on the Kittery lists, may be
rightly ascribed to him. One circumstance is suggestive : William Godsoe
of Salem, Mass., disappears from Salem, Mass., and 'unaccountably' to
the author of 'Annals of Salem, Mass.,' the Rev. Joseph Barlow Felt.
It is knovi^n that Elizabeth Lord (one of the daughters of
William Lord) married William Godsoe of Salem, Mass. Indications
point that this William Godsoe v\rent to Kittery, Me., and that the records
of children of William and Elizabeth Godsoe of the town of Kittery, Me.,
were his children, and born there. His name also occurs in the settlement
of the estate of Nathan Lord of Kittery, Me., and perhaps there was some
relationship between William Lord of Salem, Mass., the younger, and
Nathan Lord of Kittery, Me., hereinafter to be mentioned. . . .
"6. John Lord of Hingham, Mass., 1637, probably the same who
petitioned to ' spye out Woodstock,' Conn., with Marcy and others from
Roxbury, Mass., which led to the founding of Roxbury in Connecticut.
His name does not appear among the Grantees, however. He may have
been the same who died at Watertown, Mass., as stated by Bond in his
' History of Watertown, Mass.,' and it may be that he was the same John
Lord that Mr. Savage gives us of the Grand Jury of 165 1. But nothing
positive is given concerning him, and no issue is known. Several of the
name of John Lord were in the Canada Expedition, and conjecture runs
wild in attempts to place them. They came and disappeared.
" In Miss Larkin's ' History of Windham County, Conn.,' the name
is printed ^'a Joseph Lord — a great error — and perhaps the printer may have
done a similar injustice to Mr. Savage in printing Joh7i for Nathan Lord.
But nothing is known of his descendants.
" J. John Lord oi Hull or Nantasket Beach, Mass., 1667. He was
born in 1640, in Ireland, and came to New England about 1660 to 1667 ;
married one of the Aborigines named ' Nmn-a-tam-a-han-sett' of the South
Shore Indians, and had children. Of these John Lord alone survived,
who married a Welsh lady, and had sons John and Benjamin Lord. This
last named John' Lord of North End, Boston, married and had children :
Captain Robert Lord, his son, married and had issue. Robert Lord was
a noted master-mariner, lived at the North End, in Boston, but finally
removed to Vermont ; he was highly esteemed. His son Isaac Walker
Lord, who married Mary B. Henchman, sister to the late Dr. Daniel
Henchman of Boston, was a descendant of the Jacksons, Cartwrights and
Walkers, and connected with the Pulsifers, all of them North End Boston
families. Only one male representative of this family, as appears, is now
living, and in Cahfornia, a brother of whom graduated at Harvard, and died
in Germany some few years since. The family Bible of Captain Robert Lord
has been carefully preserved, and from this and descendants the above
items are gleaned. The name of Lord in Ireland may have come from
settlers there of Enghsh or Welsh extraction. In an earlier edition of
Burke armorial bearings are given of a family of Lords in Ireland ; and at
a later period many families of England sent their sons to Dublin, Ireland,
for education, and hence the ' native of Ireland ' may have been of Enghsh
descent, and previously, perhaps, Norman.
" 8. Peter Lort, an early inhabitant of Connecticut. We must assign
to this settler a Welsh extraction. The family of ' Lort alias Lord,' were
of the Welsh gentry and were at Stackpoole Court, Pembrokeshire,
Wales ; and their armorial bearings— rtr. a Salter vert, with the crest : a
gatmtlet ar. holding a Salter verL—diXt given on the ancient chart of Lewys
Dwyn, who gives some seven or eight generations previous to 1609.
Sampson Lort sailed for the Bermudas in 1635 according to Hotten's
Lists, and it may have been that his elder brother John Lort alias Lord
was the settler at Hingham, Mass., in 1637. No issue of Peter Lort has
as yet been ascertained, and the name has been 'Lord alias Lort' and
' Lort alias Lord ' from ' Hari Lord ap William' of Pembrokeshire, Wales,
to his descendant Sampson Lort of 1635, in the six or seventh generation.
See Westminster Abbey Chronicles, Rolls, etc., Interments; publications
of Welsh Historical Society ; and ' Landed Gentry,' 'Peerage,' etc. Sir John
Lort of this family, and house of Campbell and Cawdor, descends from
Elizabeth Lort, sole surviving heiress of the line of Sir Gilbert Lort.
Indications point that members of various branches of this distinguished
family came to New England, of which one certainly was in Connecticut,
and others in Virginia, or in Middle or Southern States.
"9. Nathan Lord of Kittery, Me., 16 November, 1652. He is
described as a ' Planter,' and was made freeman 16 November, 1652, and
married : first, Conley, daughter of Abraham Conley of Kittery, Me. ;
and, secondly, Martha Everitt, daughter of William Sen. and Margaret
Everitt of Kittery, Me., whose widow Margaret married Isaac Nash, as
would appear from York County Records ; and said Martha (Everitt)
Lord was only sister to William Everitt who was ' lost at sea,' as stated in
Savage's ' Geneal. Diet.'
"Nathan Lord died about 1690. By first wife, Miss Conley, he had
children ; of the sons were Nathan who married Martha Tozer, daughter
of Richard and Judith Smith Tozer ; and Abraham, who married Susannah
, and had William Lord, d. s. p. Nathan (son of Nathan Lord) was
a founder and original member of the First Church of Berwick, Me. He
had sons, all of whom were distinguished ; of these Samuel married Martha
daughter of Paul and Catharine Wentworth, and was ancestor of Nathan
Lord the President of Dartmouth College, and others of note ; John son
of Nathan and grandson of Nathan married Mary Chapman, and had many
" From the second Nathan Lord descended Tobias Lord the eminent
merchant of Kennebunk, Me., and from Capt. Abraham Lord, another
son of Nathan Lord the second, descended Benjamin Meads Lord, who was
cousin to Capt. Tobias Lord of Falmouth, Me., the son of John and Mary
(Chapman) Lord. The commonly accepted tradition that the family of
Lord of Berwick, Me., were descendants from Robert Lord of Ipswich,
Mass., is erroneous ; the tradition probably had its origin in the circum-
stance that Jonadab Lord, great grandson of Robert Lord of Ipswich,
Mass., settled in York, Me., about 1700, and married Martha Bragdon.
" The statements in ' History of Kennebunkport, Me.,' are erroneous.
The Berwick family of Lord are descendants of Nathan Lord and Martha
Tozer, and are correctly given in ' Wentworth Genealogy,' but erroneously
described in all other publications, both as to the origin of the surname
and position. . . .
" Probably Captain Tobias Lord of Falmouth, Me., in military service,
and his cousin Benjamin Meads Lord, in civil life and affairs, had more
influence in their day and generation than any two men in their locality
(see 'History of Kennebunk, Me.'); and in the later generations the dis-
tinguished merchant Tobias Lord, and William Lord of Wells, Me.,
Kennebunk, etc., and others of this family, were noted and widely popular.
"Abraham Lord, the younger son of the first Nathan Lord by his first
wife Miss Conley, married Susannah , who, after his death, married
Robert Knights, a widower with children. It would appear that Abraham
Lord had only one son, named William Lord, who died without issue.
" The first Nathan Lord married, secondly, Martha Everitt, as before
stated, and had, as appears most plausible, a son named Benjamin Lord of
Berwick, Me., who married Patience Nason, and who was in all probability
the ancestor of the Lord family in Lebanon, Me.
" The statements in numerous town-histories, Sullivan's 'History of
Maine,' etc., have misled and confused many of the Lord name as to their
origin and ancestral lines."
Notes on jpetfifltee of Has
Most of the facts presented in the accompanying Pedigree have been
given to us by Mrs. Waite, the widow of our lamented Chief Justice, in
the form of memoranda of her own, and copies of church- and town-records
and gravestone-inscriptions. Many dates and some other particulars were
furnished by Judge Frederick Fosdick of North Lyme, in carefully pre-
pared minutes from the town-records of Lyme. But all the materials we
have been able to gather are not sufficient for a full monograph on the Lay
family ; so that we limit ourselves to a few notes on the Pedigree.
JVoU I. The first John^ Lay of Lyme, commonly called "John Lay,
Senior," who had emigrated in or prior to 1648, appearing at Saybrook
(on the east side of the "Great River"), afterwards Lyme, in that year, had
two sons named John. This has been explained by supposing that the elder
son John^ having either come to this country before his father or been left
behind in England, when his father emigrated, was regarded as virtually lost
to the family, so that the same name was repeated on the birth of a younger
son. But, having lately ascertained, by gravestone-evidence, that this
second John was born in 1654, that is, some years after his father had
come to this country, we must discard that theory. Besides, we now
know that the younger son John^ was the child of a second marriage,
and born in 1670, about twenty-two years after the father's emigration.
The repetition of the name may be attributed to a desire of the second
wife that her son should bear that name, perhaps for her husband, or for
some one in her own family. From this confusion has arisen.
The point of special interest to us in Lay genealogy is that Jane^ Lay,
daughter of the elder John (2) Lay of the second generation, by his wife
Johanna , was the wife of Joseph Marvin, whose daughter Hepzibah*
married Enoch Lord, son of Judge Richard Lord (see fLoVXf and
Tsrotefii on ^txnavtt ot aae
N'oU 2. The name John has been of frequent occurrence in all
the generations of the family, with the distinction of " Senior," "Junior,"
"Second" and "Third." But what has made much trouble in identifying
is that the same individual, in the course of time, has been variously
designated by one or other of these distinctive additions. We give this
as a leading-thread, by which any one who chooses to go back to the
original records may be assisted to find his way.
Note J. There are two branches of the family recognized as having
separated from each other in the second generation, one of them dis-
tinguished as having come from Robert^ Lay of Westbrook, Conn., founder
of a noted hostelry, which was kept up in his line for about a century.
Both of these branches, however, have been supposed, erroneously, as we
believe, to descend from the elder John Lay of the second generation,
commonly called "the Drummer," he having had assigned to him the
responsible office of calling people to the meeting-house, for worship, at
beat of drum, and probably of giving alarm in case of any sudden danger.
On tracing the line of "the Drummer's" descendants, one finds no place
for Robert of Westbrook ; and we have, accordingly, presented Robert
Lay's line as descended from the half-brother of John "the Drummer,"
who bore the same name.
Note 4. The following is a copy of the Will of "John Lay Senior :"
"John Lay Sen. Last will and Testament"
" I John Lay of Lyme, being grown aged, and at this time weak in body, whereby
my departure out of this life seems to be near, do, in duty to God, and for preventing
of trouble, after my decease, amongst those that I shall leave behind me —
" ist. To my dear and loving wife Abigail I give and bequeath my house, whom
lot, orchard and trees thereone, that is to say, all my upland and meadow lying in
the town of Lyme, exepting the land at bride brook, to have and to hold, during the
time of her natural life — also to my dear wife I give my household goods, and my
stock of Cattell, horses and Swine.
" 2d. To my Son John that I had by my former wife I give soe much of my land
which is at bride brook as lyes on the East Side of the said brook, and the rest of my
Notes on ^tXdQvu of Has
land, that which lyes on the west side of the brook, both upland and meadow, I give
to my Daughter Abigail.
"3d. To my son Jeams I give soe much of my Calfe pasture land which lyes on
the north side of the path from Ducke River bridge to the meeting house ; and the
rest of my land, after my wife's [decease], both upland and meadow, I give to my
Sons Fetter and John, whom I had by my present wife, to be equally divided between
them two. Fetter having that part of land which lyes by the pond, and John that part
which lyes by the house, with all rights and privileidges, and devisions not yet made,
belonging to my whole accomodation, to be equally divided betwixt them two.
"4th. To my Daughters Abigail, Susanna and Elizabeth I give twenty pounds
apece, besides the lands before mentioned, given to Abigail, to be paid by my
executrix, and also the use and improvement of one acre of land apece, during their
lives, out of Fetter's and John's land, to be planted with appell trees — also to my
Daughter Abigail two acres of land already planted with appell trees ; also, whilst
she continues unmarried, I give her the use of a good size room in my house — also I
do constitute and appoint my Deare wife Abigail my sole executrix of this my last
will and Testament, hereby revoking and making nulle all former wills whatsoever
— in testimony whereof I have hereunto sett my hand and Seal this 16 January 1675."
John (x) Lay
" Signed, sealed and published
in presence of us
In this Will there is reference made to property on Meeting-House
Hill. The early Lays were among the largest land-proprietors of Lyme ;
and owned on both sides of that hill — overlaying it in fact ; while the
graveyard on its top, near where the old meeting-houses stood, has many of
their graves. Years ago, in mid-winter, there came two men bringing their
' The Moses Noyes who witnessed this Will was Rev. Moses Noyes of Lyme ; and the witness
Matthew Griswold was the first Matthew,
The Reinold Marvin must have been Lieut. Reinold. It is singular that he witnessed John Lay's
Will, while John Lay witnessed the father's (the first Reinold's)— W. T. R. Marvin.
Kotfs on ^tXHQvn of lla»
mother's remains, to bury them there. They were utter strangers, even
their name not known. At last a very aged man remembered that, many
years before, a Lay woman had married a man of that name. Her last
request to her sons, prosperous New York merchants, had been that she
should "sleep with her fathers."
JVo^e 5. John Lay of the fourth generation, called in the Colonial
Records "John Lay 3d of Lyme," a son of John, and grandson of John
(born in the year of his grandfather's death), was appointed, in May 1751,
to " make the rates, and dehver the same to the collector, and that Josiah
Dewolph Jun. of Lyme be the collector of the said rates." In 1754, and
afterwards repeatedly, he was Deputy to the General Assembly from Lyme.
He was also frequently Justice of the Peace. In 1756 he was appointed
Second Lieutenant of First Company of the Fourth Regiment ordered to
be raised by the Colony for the old French War. In May, 1770, as
John Lay 2d Esq., he was ordered by the General Assembly, in company
with Hon. Matthew Griswold Esq., to "return the thanks of this Assembly
to Rev. Mr. Stephen Johnson for his sermon delivered before the Assembly
on the 10th instant, and desire a copy thereof that it may be printed" (see
SJOljItSOIt), In April 1775 he was appointed by the General Assembly,
with Mr. John McCurdy and others, " a committee to take into considera-
tion the best method and means of securing, defending and protecting our
seacoast ports and shipping therein ; and to state the facts and report their
opinion thereon to this Assembly in May next, jointly or severally, without
expense to this Colony."^
No^e 6. We have a sketch of the line of descent from Robert (6) Lay
of Westbrook, prepared by one of his descendants, the late Rev. Prof.
James Murdock of Andover, Mass., and New Haven, Conn., which should
be preserved in his own words, as follows :
* The Publ. Records of the Col. of Conn. . . . 1751 to . . . 1757 . . . By C. J. Hoadly
. . . Hartford, 1877, pp. 26, 241, 247, 357, 473, 492; Id. . . . 1768 to . . . 1772 . . . Hartford,
1885, p, 286; Id. . . . 1772 to . . . 1775 . . . Hartford, 1887, p. 434.
tfiCotts on Jletrffim of aa»
" Three brothers of the name of Lay settled in Connecticut — one at
Haddam, Middletown, or vicinity; one at Saybrook f and one at Lyme.
In my childhood I knew three families of Lays with whom our family
claimed no relationship : Deacon Robert Lay's, from 1750 to 1790; Capt,
afterwards Col. Asa Lay's, who served in the Revolutionary War ; Capt.
Simeon Lay's — all of Westbrook.
" My ancestors of this name kept a noted tavern for about a Century,
during three generations, in the same house, which stood a few rods north-
east of Dr. Cone's present residence.
" FIRST GENERATION.
''Robert  Lay, inn-keeper, married Mary Grinnel of Westbrook.
This Mary Grinnel was the granddaughter of Miss Peabody, the first child
born at Plymouth after the landing of the Pilgrims from the ' Mayflower :'
Miss Peabody married a Staunton. Her daughter Miss Staunton married
a Grinnel, and was the mother of Mary Grinnel the wife of Robert Lay
" SECOND GENERATION.
"Jonatha'y^'^^ Lay, inn-keeper, son of Robert Lay and Mary Grinnel,
born A. D. 1721, died of the small pox in February 1779. He married
Mary Spencer of Westbrook, or West Saybrook ; she was born in 1721,
and died in 1793. They had seven children.
" THIRD GENERATION.
" I. JonathanS^^ Lay, oldest son of Jonathan Lay and Mary Spencer,
[was] born April loth, 1748, and died April 13th, 1831, 83 years old.
"Jonathan Lay, or Judge Lay, of Westbrook, occupied the family-
mansion, and kept up the tavern until 1 783. He then moved across the
little common, and kept a store until 1802, or 1803. He then bought a
house near the Meeting-House, in which he died, leaving the house to his
widow, and at her death to the Congregational Church. Judge Lay was
in affluent circumstances, a man of sound sense, well-disciplined mind. He
' An ancient paper, recently sent to the State Library of Connecticut by Hon. R. C. Winthrop of
Boston, shows the name of Robert Lay " of Seabrook this I2"» of December 1659," as a petitioner for
the privilege of public religious worship.
Notts on tletufflfee of Has
often represented the town in the Legislature, was Judge of the Probate
Court and of the Common Pleas of the County, County-Treasurer and
Deacon of the Congregational Church from 1797 to 1831. His first wife
was Abigail Lay, daughter of Deacon Robert Lay of Westbrook ; she
lived a few years, and died childless. His second wife was Anna Murdock,
daughter of Major John Murdock, b. in 1749, d. in 1805, childless. His
third wife was Nancy Elliott, daughter of Jared [and Elizabeth (Lord)l
Elliott of Killingworth (Clinton) ; who died childless May 25th, 1852.
" 2. Mary'^^'^ Lay, daughter of Jonathan Lay and Mary Spencer. Her
first husband was Enoch Murdock, by whom she had two children. Her
second husband was James Wood of Huntington, Long Island, by whom
she had seven children. Her third husband [was] Major Richard Waite
of Lyme, whom she survived several years. [She was] born October 21st,
1749; died December A. D. 1831.
"3. Ezra ^^^Lay, the joiner, son of Jonathan Lay and Mary Spencer
He was taken prisoner by the British during the Revolutionary War
After the war he returned, and married Hetty Kelsey of West Saybrook
and had three children. He was born April 26th, 1752; died January
31st, 1793. ^
"4- Hatmam^ Lay, daughter of Jonathan Lay and Mary Spencer
Her first husband was Abraham Murdock, by whom she had three children
Her second husband was Seth Smith of East Lyme, whom she married