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Confucius' character, 31, 45, 54

titles, 70

village, 66, 70, 73

works, 53, 68, 170

Conquests, Chinese, 74, 105

, Manchu, 5, 155, 234

Conservatives, 3, 125, 196
Constantinople, 230
Consuls, prancing, 216
Continence, 43, 81, 115
Convent, Russian, 236
Conveyance, Greater, 83

, Lesser, 83

Cophene, 77, 86, 88

Council of Lyons, 180

Court life, 29, 37

- — , royal, 29, 34, 53, 73, 235

Corea, 85, 88, 94, 104, 225, 236, 242

Corean alphabet, 257

funerals, 103

generals, 142

worship, 74, 103

Correct road, the, 26
Cosmical theories, 14, 261
Cossacks, 233
Craft, religious, 73, 82, 150

, toleration of, 62

Crafts, P^our, 73
Cranganore, See of, 138
Creation, the, 122, 169
Creative deities, 255
Creator, the, 65, no



U



3o6



INDEX



Cremation, no, (see Burning)
Crimea, 233

Cross, the, 122, 184, 186
Cruce (see Gaspard)
Crucifixion, the, 125
Currents of migration, 78
Czar, the, 197

Damascus, 141

Damnation, 125

Daniel, 240

Danishmends, 176, 182, 185

Darwin, 15

Dawwan, 153

Death, 60

Degrees of kin, 21

Deguignes, 93

Delamarre, Abbe, 205

Democracy, 36

Democratic ideas, 2, 13

Demon worship, 107

Denominationalists, 67

" Descent of Man," 15

Desht Kipchak, 231

Deveria, M., 146, 159, 167

Devil worship, 107

Devils, 21

Dhyana philosophy, 83

Diagrams, 58

Dialects, 210, 212

Diaz, Jesuit, 194

Didaco, Jesuit, 191

Diderot, 38

Dioceses, 204

Diplomatic missions, 141, 146

Diplomats, early, 48

, later, 216, 240

Divination, 58, 59, 104
Divine age, 256

right, 65

road, 34,

Divus, or avus, 26

Djabar Khodjo, 180

Djamba Dvlpa, 131

Djamal-uddin, 149, 195

Dnieper, River, 231

Dogma, 23, 42

Dogs from West, no

Dolonor, 150, 236

Domenge, Father, 173

Dominicans, 7, 190, 196, 199

Douglas, Dr, 220

Dowagers, usurping, 124, 130, 204,

259
Dragon city, 102
Dreams, 18, 156
Dual Principles, 112, 114
Dudgeon, Dr., 217
Dungans, 150, 159
Dynasties, 24, 259



Earth, 27, 80

, Spirit of, 24, 42, 262

, worship, etc., no

East India Company, 210
Ecclesiastical missions, 242
Eclipses, 19
Edkins, Dr, 217
Education, 57, 149
Egrigaia, 204 (see Ning-hia)
Eitel, Dr, 221
Electors, 29, 35
Elements, Five, 20
Eleuths, 155, 156
Elia, 184
Elias, 149, 184
Elixirs, 48, 68
Elkoen, 184 (see Arkon)
Elohim, 122
Emasculation, 143
Embassies, Manchu, 234

, Russian, 235

Emir-al-mumemin, 140

Emperor, the, 15, n5, 130, 160, 196,

201, 205, 234, 240

of Heaven, 28, 200

Empresses, 64, 102, 109, 124, 152,

197, 204, 226 (see Dowager)
Empire, divided, 70, 85, 89, 179

, united, 70, 94

England, 241 (see Great Britain)

Ephraim, 185

Eptals, 91, 106, lo8, 113, 175

Equinoxes, 21

Erguiul, 76, 88

Erkun, 176, 182, 184 (see Arkon)

Ernaculam, 137

Esdras, 166, 169

Esprit, St, 203

Eternal life, 65

Ethics, 83

Eunuchs, 29, 124, 152, 194

Euphrates, River, n3

Europe, 4, 175

European intolerance, 6, 9, 154

Evil Spirit, 1 3

Exogamy, 29

Exposure of dead, 106

Ezra, 175

Faber, Rev. E., 221

Face-gashing, 109

Faghfur, 22

Fah-hien, 88, 91

Faith, 23, 42

Fam (see Brahman), 126

Family names, 29

Famines, 224

Far East, Primate of, 185

Faringhi, 142

Fasting, 166, 170



INDEX



307



Fatalism, 13

Father Ni, 66

Favier, Bishop, 206

Fear of God, 65

Feet, squeezed, 215, 227

Ferengi, 142, 175

Festivals, 102, 105

Feudalism, 29

Fighting States, 38

Figuereido, Father, 170, 172

Filial piety, 16, 24, 42, 52, 64,

130
Final cause, 37
Fire Spirit, 106, 108
Fire-worship, 108, no, 112
"First Emperor," 49, 68, 99
Fischer, Pastor, 263
Five capital sins, 57

Continents, 192

Five elements, 20

Emperors, 24, 33, 36

principles, 22, 168

relationships, 168

Folk-lore, 23, 84
Foochow, 220
Formosa, 216, 226
Four Crafts, 73

seasons, 21, 56, 248

France, 236 (see French)
Franciscans, 7, 183, 185, 189, 196,

199
Francus, 188 (see Frank)
Frankish races, 174
Franks, 4, 94, 181, 190
French, 127, 190, 224, 24I

intolerance, 8

Revolution, 203

Froude, historian, 265

Fuh Kien, 185, 196, 199, 216

Fuh-lang, 188

Fuh-lang-ki, 189

Fuh-lin, 109, no, 112, 127, 141, 149,

181
Funerals, 64, 106, I ID
Funeral wakes, 103, 109
Future life, 43
Fu Yih, 128

Gabet, missionary, 204

Gandhara, 83, 88

Gaspard a Cruce, 190

Gaubil, Father, 173

Gautama, 82

Genghis Khan, 96, 142, 147, 179,

231, 239
George IV., 210
Genii, 21
Geougen, the, 92
Gerard, Monsieur, 205
, Mgr., 185



Gerbillon, Jesuit, 197
German Empire, 221, 234

missions, 212, 214, 263

philosophy, 38

war, 205

Germans, 194
Gervasius, 238
Ghaznevides, 147
Ghosts, 21

Gibbon, historian, 92
Giorgis, 149
Gladstone, Mr, 84
Glass-ware, 124
Goa, 138

Goble, Rev. J., 251
God, a jealous, 43

, a personal, 264

of Earth, 27 (see Earth, and

Spirit)

, names for, 200

, the One, 172

Gods, portable, 17, 25, 132, 232

Golden dynasty, 179

Horde, 231, 233

man, 75, 76, 86, 107

mean, 170

Good works, 13, 126

Government, Laociuson, 41

Gozani, Father, 173

Grace, 65

Graves, Dr, 221

"Great Virtue" priests, 123, 127,

130. 137, 179
Greek Christians, 181, 231

Church, 231, 232

dates, 128

philosophy, 68

rule, 77

writers, 109, III

Guardian of the Pass, 45
Gunboat policy, 216
Guns (see Artillery)
Gury, Archimandrite, 239
Gutchen, i8o
Gutzlaff, Rev. Carl, 211, 221

Hadji, 150

, Mohammed, 161

Haithon of Armenia, 181
Hakka Cantonese, 212
Hala-hwei, 153
Hami, 153, 156, 158
Han dynasty, 73, 169

dynasty (Later), 74, 85, 89, 128,

169

History, 192

Wu-ti, 99

YU, 135, 192

Hananiechliah, 128
Hananjesu, 128



3o8



INDEX



Hangchow, 137, 172, 184, 191, 194,

214
Hankow, 219
Happer, Dr, 221
Happy mean, 55
Harashar, 105
Harbin, 159
Harems, 29

Harun-al-Rashid, 142, 144
Hati (see Hadji), 150
Hayshan, Khan, 185
Headquarters of religions, 176
Head-shaving, 122, 133
Heaven, 22, 27, 80, 103, 106, in,

141, 200, 259

, definitions of, 168

, Son of, 22, 24, 27

, Spirit of, 24, 104, 108, 118,

132, 140, 262
Heavenly bodies, 20, 34
Heaven's decrees, 255
Hebrew scrolls, 175
Hegemony system, 29, 35
Hegira, 156, 160
Hell, 162

Hepburn, Dr, 213, 252
Hephthalites (see Eptals)
Herat, 124, 153
Hereditary dynasties, 25, 36
Heresies, 4, 113

Herodotus, 102 (see Duke Chou)
Hero-worship, 103
Heterodoxy, 130
Hien, the word, 106, no, n9, 132,

137
Hien-feng, Emperor, 204
Hierarchs, Tibetan, 97
High Asia, 74, 88
"High Virtue" priests, 123, 127
Hilarion, 234, 236, 237
Hill, missionary, 219
Hime, or princess, 250
Hi-mi-ko, 250
Hinayana, 83
Hindoo bonzes, 75, no

Koosh, 107

names, 106

Hirata, 256

Historians, 35, 66, 143, 233, 250, 265
History, Japanese, 250, 253, 256
, tampering with, 12, 143, 156,

160, 171
Hiung-nu, 77, 92, 102, 109, n6, 132,

175. 249

Emperors, 86, 1 34

Hobson, Dr, 2n
Holuh, priest, no
Holy Man, 248, 255, 260

One, 122

Synod, 242



Home Rule, 39

Ho-nan Fu, 35, n8

Ho Nan province, 150, 167, 213

Hongkong, 175, 212

, Bishop of, 173, 213

Horse-riding nomads, 132
Horses, Western, 186
Hospitals, 181, 2n, 226

, Mussulman, 181

Hostility, religious, 2 (see Nagging)
Hu, the race, 81, 90, 106, 108, no,

n8, 122, 126
Hu Peh, n6

Hiian-chwang, ni, 130, 156
Hue, Abbe, 204
Human sacrifices, 102
Hungary, 243
Huns (see Hiung-nu)
Husbandry, 21, 39
Huxley, 37

Hwang-Lao, 48, 89, 91
Hwang,Rev. P. (see List of Authorities)
Hwang-Ti, 47, 89
Hwei-heh (or -huh), 145, 148, 160
Hwei-hwei, 145, 156, 173
Hyacinth, Father, 239

Iadrintseff, Mr, n5

" Ian Maclaren," 267

Ich'ang, 225

Idikut, princes, 151

Idolatry, 82, 92, 98

Hi, 155, 187, 241

Ilinchin, 97

Images, 82, 86, 99, 107, 123, 136, 234

Imams, 162

Immortality, 66, 99

Imperial succession, 22

Incarnation, the, 122, 192

Incense, 124

India, 46, 77, 79, 86, 91, 94, n3,

127, 130, 137, 166, 169, 201
"Indian," the word, ni, 131, 166, _^

169
Indian Christians (see Malabar)
Indica, in

Indo-China (see Annam andTonquin)
Indo-Scythia, 74, 79, 88, 91, n 3
Indus, River, 91, 105
Influences, religious, 77
Inland Mission, 216 (see China)
Innocent, Rev. J., 217
Innocentius, 243
Inscriptions, 118, 161

, Arab, 160

, Jewish, 12, 165

, Nestorian, 12

, Syrian, 127

, Turkish, 141, 160

Instincts, 19



INDEX



309



Interpreters, 152

Intrigue, 7

Invocations, 258

Irrawaddy Valley, 84

Isaac, 169

Isaiah, 149

Ise temples, 252

Ishtikhan, 107

Islam, 94, 107, 139, 182, 245

Ismail, 154

Ismailoff, 235

Israel, 165, 168

Issyk-kul, III

I-sz, 124

Italy, King of, 9

Ito, Marquess, 245

Jabezbujid, 128

Jacob, 169

Jacques de florence, 188

Jaganyan, country, 115

Japan', 16, 34, 75, 88, 95, 190, 229,

236
Japanese, 104, 247-270
, Early, ignorance of, 249, 258,

261

Orthodox Church, 244

scholarship, 127

war, 226

worship, 74, 250

Java, 88

missions, 211

Jaxartes, 77

Jealous God, 43

Jehan, Khodjo, 160

Jehangir, 157

Jehovah, 12

Jenuyeh, princes, 102

Jeremiah, 31

Jesuits, 7, 100, 127, 155, 172, 197,

200, 213, 234, 237
Jesus, Society of, 7, 202
Jewel Emperor, 168
Jews, 12, 151, 164, 179, 213

, Babylonian, 122

, Persian, 172, 176

Jimmu, Mikado, 253, 255, 260

Joachim, 238

John, Griffith, 219, 223

Johnson, Dr, 20

Jordanus, Bishop, 137

Joshua, 169

Joujan race, 92, 105, 109

Judsea, 13, 192, 245

Judaism, 256 (see Jews)

, reformed, 13, 56

Judgment, 162

Jujitsu, 73

Justice, 42, 67, 255, 260



Kaaba, 141

Kadlslya, 141

Kadphises, 76

Kafirs, 173

K'ai-feng Fu, 12, 167, 169, 195

Kalgan, 218

Kam (or Kan) Chou, 144, 187

Kamidana, 258

Kami-no-michi, 254, 269

Kan Suh Mussulmans, 154, 163

province, 5, 154, 174

K'ang, country, 141

K'ang-hi, 7, 155, 170, 197, 200, 201,

236, 238
Kapi9a, 91, ill
Kapilavastu, 76, 80, 82
Kara-balgassun, 115
Karakoram, 181, 231, 232
Karluks, the, 153

Kashgar, 88, 107, III, 155, 157, 183
Kashgaria, 5
Kashmir, 88, 107, 127
Kashmirian Buddhists, 180, 183
Kas'yapa Matanga, 75
Kayuk Khan, 97, 181, 231
Kazan, 233

Keraits, tribe, 147, 187
Kerr, Dr John, 211, 221
Kewkiang, 219

Khagan, 102, 106, III, 117, US
Khalid, general, 141
Khan, 93 (see Khagan)
Khanbalig, 185
Khans, the Grand, 231
Kharoshthi, 90
Khodjo brothers, 157, 160

, Djabar, 180

, Jehan, 160

Khorasan, 175

Khosroii, King, ili, 114

Khoten, 10, 46, 75, 81, 83, 86, 88,

107, in, 119, 155
Khouya, or "brother," 146
Kiang Nan, 207
Kiang Si, 207 (see Nan-ch'ang)
Kiang Su, 218
Kiao Chou, 88
K'ien-lung, 100, 134, 145, 156, 177,

203, 238, 240
Kiev, 231

Kih-lieh, priest, 124. 127
" King,'" teaching, 125
King, title of, 27
King-chou, city, 116
King-tsing, scribe, 125, 126
Kinship through mother, 103
Kipchaks, 231
Kirghiz, 118
Kirin, 159
Kitans (see Cathayans)



3IO



INDEX



Kobad, 114

Kobadhiyan, 115

Kojiki, history, 253, 257

Kokonor, 157

Koran, 156, 157, 162

Kotow, the, 141

K'ou K'ien-chi, 90

Kruger, President, 15

Ku Ilwan, statesman, 88

Kublai Khan, 5, 10, 97, 148, 167,

181, 185, 195
Kuche, state, 88, 107, 155
K'uh-fu, 28
Kumaradjiva, 87, 134
Kumdan city, 128
Kumiss, 114
Kunduz, 108
Kung, Prince, 221
K'ung (see Confucius), 71
Kung-teh, the term, 126, 135
Kwang, provinces, 191, 212
Kwei, spirits, 21, 250

Ladies, missionary, 215, 218, 221
Lama Miao, 150, 236
Lamas, 236, 245
Lao-tan, 248 (see Lao-tsz)
Lao-tsz, or Laocius, 31, 35, 53

, his doctrine, 30, 262

, traditions, 10, 81, 107

Larvae spirits, 250
Law, Mussulman, 150

, Scroll of, 175

Laws, Heaven's 36

, Laocius on, 43

Lay Chinese, 6
Lazare, St, 203
Lazarists, 203
Learning, 42, 62
Lechler, missionary, 221
Lees, Rev. Jonathan, 217
Legate, Papal, 200
Legations, Peking, 236, 242
Legendary period, 24
Legge, Dr., 59, 88, 212
Legists, 67
Leontyeff, 239

, Vassily, 234

Levi, 167
Lhasa, 47, 204
Li Hung-chang, 225
Liang Chou, 77, 88

dynasty, 70, 91, 131

Emperor, 99, 134

Libations, 103

Libermann, Mr, 174

Library, Mukden, 243

— — , Peking, 243

Licences, clerical, 134, 180, 201

Licius, or Lieh-tsz, 46



Life, everlasting, 125

• future, 23, 59, 56, 60, 69

, human, 42

, mystery of, 14

, origin of, 14

Li-pai, the word, 160, 166
Literature, ancient, 30, 33

, destruction of, 33, 48, 68

, Japanese, 248

, Mussulman, 161, 171

, Russian, 239

Little, Mrs A., 227
Liturgy, Shinto, 255
Lockhart, Dr, 21 1
Longobardi, Jesuit, 192, 199
London Mission, 210, 212
Loochoo, 236, 237, 242
Lop Nor, 75, 83, 88
Lord Bishop, title of, 8
Lord, Dr, 219
Lords, 29, 39

, House of, 8

Louis IX., 181

XIV., 197, 236

XV., 134

XVIII., 203

Philippe, 204

Love of God, 69
Low, U.S. Minister, 223
Lu, State of, 28, 51
Lutherans, 265
Lyons, Council of, 180

Ma T'ang, eunuch, 194

Macao, 190, 193, 201, 204, 210,

211
Macartney, Lord, 210
Macgowan, Dr J., 220
Magadha, 85
Magi, 13, no, 112, 119
Magupatan, 112, 119
Mahayana, 83
Mahes'vara, 118
Mahmud (Turkestan), 155, 157

(Canton), 159

Ma-ho-ma-tan-ti, 186
Maigrot, Bishop, 200
Mailed fists, 41
Malabar Christians, 137

rites, 137, 198

Malacca, 189

Malay states, 152

Male and Female, 255 (See Yin and

Yang)
Man, 15, 27, 80, 249
Manchu conquests, 5, 155, 234
dynasty, 71, 154, 165, 170, 196

209, 233

funerals, 103

nation, 235



INDEX



311



Manchuria, 95, 158, 184, 189, 204,

244
Manchus, 193, 239
Mandarin dialects, 210

missionaries, 8, 206, 222

Manes, 24, 103, 250

Mangu Khan, 10, 97, 180, 187

Mani, 112, 126, 145

Manicheans 112, 118, 121, 134, 142

168, 179, 192, 235, 258
Manicheism, 4, 94, 113, 126, 133
Manila, 196
Manzi, 179
Mar Elia, 184

Nestorius, 184

Sarghiz, 137, 184

Thoma Sliha, 137

Marco Polo, 76, 79, 98, 147, 184,

189, 240
Marcus Aurelius, 42
Mares' milk, 114
Marriage laws, 29, 102, 159
Marriages, diplomatic, 117, 134, 146,

232
Martin, Rev. W. A. P., 173, 217
Martini, Father, 170, 199
Mathematicians, 191
Ma-t'ou, village, 244

Maxwell, missionary, 220

Maya, 76

Mazdeans, 5, 13, 69, 94, 109, 113,
118, 128, 137, 142

Mazdek, 109, 114

Mean, the, 55 (see Golden)

Mecca, 158

" Mecca of Japan," 252

Meccius, or Meh-tsz, 67

Medhurst, Dr, 211

, Sir Walter, 216

Mediator, 56

Medicine, 48, 69, 114, 149, l8l

Medina, 141, 159

" Memoires Historiques " (see List of
Authorities)

Menam Valley, 94

Mencius, or Meng-tsz, 55, 60

Mesne-lords, 39

Messiah, 3, 122, 126, 131

Metaphysics, 26, 57, 83

Metropolitans, 184

Mezzobarba, 201

Michael Chernigoff, 232

Michi, or way, 261

Migrations, 78

Mikado, 22, 245, 250, 256, 262, 269

Milis of Balkh, 128

Militant religions, 241

Military caste, 62

honour, 268

service, 92



Mills, Rev. D. J., 174
Milne, Dr, 210

Ming dynasty, 71, 99, 152, 155, 161,
165, 167, 168, 189, 195

Emperor, 195

Miracles, 82, 264
Mi- shih-a (see Messiah), 122, 182
Mi-shi-ho (see Mi-sh'ih-a)
Mission, Arab, 141, 146
Missionaries, 206, 214, 226, 240

, lady, 215, 218

Missions (see Embassies), 236

Etrangeres, 172, 200, 207

, Roman, 206

Mogh, 119 (see Magi)
Mohammed, 141, 154, 156, 159
Mohammedans, 239 (see Islam)
MoUahs, or mullas, 145, 162, 167,

183
Monasteries, 79, 92, 97, 1 18, 122,

124, 133, 134, 136
Mongol dynasty, 71, 95. 99. '44. 148,
161, 176, 188, 231, 233, 23s,
269

people, 84, 102, 147, 175, 197,

242

rulers, 97, 155

Mongolia, 204, 233
Monism, 38

Monk, Taoist, 180, 239
Monotheism, 59
Montecorvino, 185
Moody, the revivalist, 267
Moon worship, 102, iii
Moral code, 252, 263
Morales, J. B., 199
Morao, John, 201
Mori Mr, 253
Morrison, Robert, 210
Moses, 165, 170, 267
Moslems, 165 (see Mussulmans)
Mosques, 140, 145, 159, 160, 173
Mothers, 103
Motowori, 254, 258
Moule, Bishop, 219
Mouly, Bishop, 205
Mourning, 29, 64, 106, 109
Mudja, priests, 115, 116
Muh-hu, or moh-hu, no, 137
Muirhead, Rev. W., 218, 224
Mukden, 184, 243
Mulla (see Mollah)
Museums, 175
Music, 22, 27, 63, 67, 168
Musu-aiman, 149, 151, 232
" Mussulman," the name, 144, 148,
152

authors, 161

conquests, 5

king, 145



312



INDEX



Mussulmans, 5, 71, 94) 168, 187, 192,
232

, Canton, 159, 163

, Chinese, 154, 158

, Manchurian, 159

, rival, 157

, reformed, 157

, States of the, 147, 153, 154

Mutilation, 150

, self, 92

Mutsuhito, Mikado, 259
Mwan-la (see Mollah), 167, 171
Mysore, bishopric, 137

Nagardjuna, 83
Nagging, missionary, 227, 240, 265
Nama, 180
Names, family, 29
Nan-ch'ang, 116, 192, 225
Nanking, 159, l6l, 191, 201, 204,
225, 259

dynasties, 85, 89, 91, 105

treaty, 203, 212

Nan-kwan, 235, 242, 243
Nan-shan, 270
Napoleon, 73

National I3ib]e Society, 218
Nature of man, 57

worship, 13, 23, 34, 54> 59.

103, 231, 249

Navy, Chinese, 225

Nayen, 184

Nepaul, 81, 131

Nestorian stone, 134, I73> ^93 (see
Stone)

Nestorians, 4, 12, 109, 121, 166, 168,
179, 181, 192, 232, 235

Nestorius, Mar, 184

Netherland's mission, 211

Nevius, Dr, 214

Ngai, Mr, 172

Ni, Father, 66 (see Chung-ni)

Nicholai, Bishop, 244

Nicholas, Archbishop, 187, 189

, Archimandrite, 238

, St, Church of, 235, 243

Nie-ku-lun, 189

Nihongi, history, 257, 260

Nine Virtues, 24
, Ning-hia (see Egrigaia)
' Ningpo, 116, 168, 190, 215, 219

Nirvana, 81, 83

Sutra, 92

Niuru, 235

Noah, 169

Nogi, General, 40

Nomads, 102, 132

Norito, ritual, 258

North China, 89, 105, 231

Noyes, missionary, 221



Nlichen Tartars, 95, 144, 179, 188
Nuns, 82, 90, 93, 119, 129, 136
, French, 221

Observatories, 149

Odes, 28

Odium theologicum, 6, 15

Odoric, Friar, 186

Ogdai, Khan, 97, 180

Okinaga Tarashi, 250

Oliphant, Laurence, 253

One God, 172

Opium, 211

Oracles, 58

Original texts, 3

Orkhon River, 115, 132, 146

Oross, 231 (see Russia)

Orthodox China, 81, 96

England, 265

Russia, 96, 256, 265

Orthodoxy, converts to, 244

Othman, Caliph, 140

Otrar, 145, 147

Ouigours, 71, 116, 119, 124, 131,

144, 161, 175, 195
and Islam, 71, 142, 146, 148,

152, 163
Ouranology, popular, 166
Ourobba, or Europe, 175
" Outer roads," 113
Oxus region, 74, 78, 105, 113, 115,

120, 141, 171

Pacific Ocean, 105

Pagans, 11, 159, 174

Pagodas, 133 (see Buddha), 159

Pagspa, 97

Palace guards, 233, 235

Pali script, 90

Palladius, 184, 239

Pan-Germanism, 256

P'an-Ku, 166, 170

Parkes, Sir Harry, 252, 256

Panthays, 158

Pantoja, Jesuit, 192

Paraclete, the, 121

Paradise, 162

Paramila, 134

Parchment, 108

Parents, position of, 130

Parheparambil, Bishop, 137

Pariah class, 106

Parsees, 5

Parthia, 13, 77, 79

Pascal de Vittoria, 187

Pasio, Jesuit, 191

Pass, Guardian of, 10, 45

Passion, the, 125

Patna, 85

Patriarchal system, 20



INDEX



313



Patriarchs, Nestorian, 128, 183

, Tibetan, 150

Patronymics, 86

Paul Sti, 192, 194

Peh-Kwan, 242

Pehlvi, language, 128

Peking, 99, 145, 149. 160, 172, 184,

190, 194, 216, 232, 235
Peregrin, Bishop, 186
Perfumes, 1 14
Persecutions, 6, 7, 74, 86, 88, 93,

109,118, 134, 154, 179, 188, 193,

202, 205, 225
Persia, 4, 12, 108, 165, 193, 231
Persian influence, 29, 147, 175

religions, 59, 102, ill, 139

temples, 112, 119

traders, 117, 142

wars, 109, 113

Peshawur, 88, 91

Peter, Archimandrite, 239

the Great, 96, 234, 241, 245

Petersburg, St, 234
Philosophers, Chinese, li, 60
Philosophy, Chinese, 154, 260

, Plato's, 1 1

Phraseology, religious, 121, 125

Physicians, 181 (see Medicine)

P'ieh-li-ma, 185

Pien, 169

Pien-liang, 167

Pien-ts'ioh, 47

" Pigtails," 210

Pilgrimages, III, 15S

Pi-mi-hu, 250

Piruz, 112, 140

Pius (see Pope)

Plato's philosophy, 1 1

Pobyedonoschtschoft', Mr, 265

Political religion, 3, 9, 29, 48, 96,

134, 229, 241, 245, 252, 256, 262,

265
Polyandry, 108
Pok-lo, 212
Polycarpus, 239
Pope Pius X., 49, 137
Popes (various), 11, 100, 138, 184,

185, 187, 189, 199, 245
" Popes," Taoist, 79, 90
Pork eating, 159
Port Arthur, 270
Portable gods, 132 (see Gods)
Portugal, 9

Portuguese, 99, 189, 196, 201
Posthumous titles, 29
Po-to-li, 128
Potune, 159

Powers, the Chinese, 35
Prabha-Karamitra, no, ill
Prajna, 126



Prato, William de, 189

Prayer, 42, 60, 66, 150, 170, 183

Predestination, l6r

Press, the, 226, 248

Prester John, 147, 187

Preston, missionary, 221

Priestly corruption, 3, 5, 131, 162

Primate of the Far East, 185

Primitive man, 18

religion, 267

Princes, royal, 29, 117
Princesses, Chinese, 117, 146
Principles, Three, 27, 37
Procurator of the Synod, 265
Propaganda, 199
Prophet, the, 155, x6i
Propriety, 260 (see Ceremony)
Proselytism, 161, 216, 241, 244
Protestants, 7, 9, 206, 209, 263

in Spain, 9

Punjaub, the, 141
Punti Cantonese, 212
Purification, 123, 166, 170

, Church of, 236, 242

Puthenpally, 137

QuiLON, 137, 149, 184, 198

Rab, or rabbi, 167, 174, 186

Rain, prayers for (see Prayers)

Ramadan, 153

Rangoon, 158

Kaux, Bishop, 203

Recluse, Taoist, 180

Red-caps, 161

Redemption, the, 122

Reid, missionary, 218

Religion, China's choice of, 180, 228

, European ideas of, 31, 42, 56,

59, 69

, Primitive, i, 29, 248, 252

, Russia's choice of, 231

, Tartar, 102

Repentance, 13

Resurrection, the, 125, 162, 192
Revelation, 264
Reverend, the title, 127
Revivalists, 48, 267
Revolution, Chinese, 73

, French, 203

Rewards and Punishments, 3, 13, 58,

66
Rhenish mission, 212, 221
Rho, James, 194
Ricci, Matthew, 172, 191, 199
Richard, Rev. T., 225
Rintchen, 97
Riots, 225

Ritchie, missionary, 220
Rites, 67, 198, 234, 262



3H



INDEX



Rites, Board of, 192
Ritual, Jewish, 175

, Russian, 236

, Shinto, 258

, Syriac, 138, 182

, Tibetan, 236

Roman Emperors, 35

Empire, 84

Rome, 109

, Church of, 178, 188, 206, 265

Roque, de la, 194
Ross (see Russia), 230
Roum, Al, 175
Rouz Nameh, 177
Rubruquis, 181, 232
Ruggieri, Jesuit, 191
Rule, hereditary, 26
Rulers, wicked, 26, 62
Russia, 189, 197, 231
Russian Church, 4, 67, 241

persecution, 8

priests, 181, 232, 237

treaties, 236

Saad Wakkas, 159
Saba, no
Sabaean religion, 59
Sabbath, 166
Sacae, 77, 82
Sacasthene, 77
Sacchiou, Polo's, 183
Sacraments, 125

Sacrifices, 13, 21, 24, 28, 42, 61, 73,
76, 102, 107, no, 132, 170

, degrees of, 21, 29

, human, 102

Saddharma, 87

Pundarika, 80

Sadler, Rev. J., 220
Sak (see Sacae)
S'akya, 82, 118, 168
S'akyamuni, 82, 168
"Salar" Mussulmans, 158
Salvation, 69, 82, 83

Army, 12

, licences, 134, 180

, word for, 120

Samanides, 147

Samarcand, 106, in, 141, 145, 153,

^175, 180, 183, 184
Samgha, 85, 86, 121
Samsak, 157
Samurai, 269
Sancius, 47, 90
Sansing, 159
Sanskrit, 126, 162, 259
Sa-pao (see Saba), 1 10
Saracens, 147
Sarai, 231, 233
Sartach, Khan, 181



Sassanides, 108, 159

Satan, 122

Satow, Sir E., 252, 253, 256, 259

Saviour, 13

Sawa Vladislavitch, 236, 238

Scandinavians, 226

Scarborough, missionary, 219

Schall, Adam, 155, 194, 196

Schereschewsky, Bishop, 217

Schisms, 3, 94

Schools, 60, 67, 149

, Philosophical, 67

Science, 14, 263
Scottish Missions, 218
Script (see Writing)
Scripture, 123, 165, 169
Scrolls of Law, 175
Scythians, 77, 82, 102
Sea routes (?ee Trade)

trade, 152 (see Trade)

Seasons, Four, 56, 248
See, Apostolic, 198, 201
Sees, in parlibus, 204

, regular, 204

Segin, iSi
Seistan, 77
Seldjuks, 147

Seminaries, 192 (see Colleges)
Seng, or samgha, 86, 121
Sepulchres, Japanese, 255
Seventh day, 166
Sha Chou, 183
Shab-uddin, 150
Shakespeare, 1 1
Shamans (see Sabtean)
Shan race, 84, 85

Si, n8, 133, 157, 184, 224

Tung, 52, 88

Shanghai, 175, 212, 218

Shang Tu, 150, 185

Shao-hing, 215

Shaving the head, 122, 133

Shen K'ioh, 193, 194

Shen Si, 27, 29, 30, 118

Shen spirits, 21, 250

Shen-tao (see Shinto)

Shih (Tashkend), 141

Shiites, 161

Shi-ki, history,

Shinto, 9, II, 16, 34, 75, 247-270

Shiroe, King, in

Shiu-hing, 191

Shrines, 252

Shuh (see Craft), 150

Shuh-hu (see Jews), 151, 176, 187

Shun, Emperor, 4

Siam, 211

, Early, 84, 95

Si-an Fu, 12, 88, 93, no, 112, 128,
161, 173, 181, 194



INDEX



315



Siberia, 234, 244
Si-king, 181
Simple life, 43
Sin, 3, 24, 43
Sinai, Mount, 165
Sinestan, 128

Sinew-plucking, 6, 167, 173
Si-ngan (see Si-an Fu)
Si-ning, 157

Sinology, 217, 221, 243, 252
Sira Ordo, 181, 231
Sivaism, 77, 83, 105, 107
Six salvations, 134
Skulls for beakers, 102
Slaughtering meat, 159
Slaves, 102, 122, 136
Smith, Bishop, 173, 213

, Dr Porter, 219

Sobriety, 43, 54

Socialism, 67

Soerius, Jesuit, 192

Solstices, 21

Son of Heaven, 22, 27, 56, 87

Soothsayers, 109, no

Sophronius, 238

Soshyant, or Saviour, 13

Souls, 81, 83

South China, 105 (see Nanking), 117

Sovereign, duties of, 21

Spain, 9, 154

Spanish intolerance, 9, 199

Spencer, Herbert, 37

Spirits, 21, III, 250


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