Edward Harper Parker.

China, her history, diplomacy, and commerce, from the earliest times to the present day online

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Courbet, Admiral, 270

Court, the, 177
Courts of Law, 341
Cowloong, 388 {see Kowloong)
Cowries, 43
Crimean War, 104
Cronstadt, 169
Csoma, 134
Cuba, 118

Cultivation, 195, 198
Currency, 43, 47, 56, 143, 213,
251, 255, 291 (see Exchange)

— fixed, 217
Cushing, Mr., 140
Customary Law, 312, 321
Customs (haVjits), 299, 312

— (Department of State), 254

— duties, 43, 52, 55, 70, 90, 144,
205

— Foreign, 142, 144, 154, 158, 160,
170, 174, 213, 240

— Native, 249

— special, 167, 174
Czars, 136, 137, 165
Czikami, Baron, 119

Dagroian, 75

Daimyo, the word, 388

Dairen, Dalny, or Ta-lien (Wan),

166, 388
Dalai Lama, 371, 383
Damascus, 83
Dane, Sir R., 14, 181, 214, 228,

230, 235, 242, 252, 380
Danish trade, 148
Daraut-Kurgan, 62, 392
Darchendo, Tarsando, or Ta-

tsien-lu, 174, 392
Darg6 tribes, 13
Darjiling, 174
Dates (see Era, Calendar)
Daughters, 286
Day, the Chinese, 290
Decima, 92, 388, 391
Deers' horns, 289
DeU, Delly, 75



400



INDEX



Demajong, 392
Democracy, 181-2, 368
Demotic script, 346
Demiiark, 117
Derbend, 64, 73
Desert, 80, 86, 235

— routes, 61
Deveria, Gabriel, 72, 83
Dialects, 6, 26, 156, 261, 272, 351 -

364 (see Language)
Diaz, President Porfirio, 120
Dictionaries, 347
Dir, 63

Dismemberment of China, 371
Divisions, territorial, 5, 187, 222
Dizabul, Khan, 66
Djafar or Dufar, 71, 75
Dogana, 74 (see Tokhara)
Dollars, 213, 220
D'OUone mission, 9
Dolonor, 82, 84, 388 (see Lama

Miao)
Domiciles, 257
Dominicans, 118, 298
Dowagers, 248, 268, 371, 378 (see

Empress)
Draco, Chinese, 317
Drainage areas, 13, 168
Drichu, river, 13 (see Yang-tsze)
Drink, 46, 165, 273, 288, 300
Drugs, 49, 82, 159
Dufar (see Djafar)
Dupuis, Jean, 85, 107
Dutch, 36, 89, 91-3, 106 (see

Holland)

— colonies, 94, 142

— engineers, 11, 228

— in Japan, 87
Duties, 57 (see Customs)
Duumvirate, ancient, 17
Dwarfs, 52

Dyes, 49

— aniline, 147
Dykes, 11, 208

Dynasties, tables of, 18, 24, 27,
38, 392

— two greatest, 30

— Tartar, 20, 27

— Tibetan, 28
Dzaring (see Charing)
Dzungaria, 40, 389 (see Sungaria)

East India Co., 96, 141

Swedish, 120 (see Asiatic)

" Eating " provinces, 23

Eclipses, 95

Education, 183, 208, 345

— female, 286, 356



Edward I., 45

Egg trade, 149

Egypt, 56

Eighteen Provinces, 1, 8, 23, 35

Ektagh, Ektel, 66

Electricity, 86, 159, 211, 232

Elgin, Lord, 115

EUzabeth, Queen, 95

El Riim, 126 (see " Romania ")

Emigration, 40, 74, 89, 112, 118,

119, 120, 156
Emil, 73
Emperor, 97, 177, 211, 265, 299,

304, 308, 341, 352

— the First, 18 (see First)

— the word (character), 320

— worship, 301, 310

" Emperor" (of 1916), 384

— (of Corea), 116, 121
Empire, 177
Empress-Dowager, 20, 46, 165,

211, 243, 248, 261, 266, 268,

299, 308, 341, 352, 368, 371, 378

(see Dowagers)
Engineering trade, 159
Engineers, 11 (see Dutch)
EngUsh, 36, 72, 95, 99-102, 141-4

(see British)

— earliest, 95

— in Manila, 92

— interests, 3

EphthaUtes, 64, 67, 68, 131, 132,
134, 388 (see Indo-Scytliians)

Eptat (see AbdeU and last)

Ertogrul, s.s., 121

Eschier, 75

Esmok, 62, 83, 101, 109, 173, 388
(see Sz-mao)

Essen, Mongol chief, 38

Etymology, 25, 26

Etzina, 74

Eunuchs, 35, 37, 58, 79, 208, 250,
368, 384

Europe, 53, 95 (see Far West)

Europeans, 62, 78

— their aspect of China, 7

of Chinese people, 274

Examinations, military, 269
Exchange, 143, 172, 207 (see

Currency)
Excise, 222, 238
Executive powers, 179, 185, 341
ExtraterritoriaUty, 99, 340, 342

Factories, Chinese, 162

— the old, 94, 117, 141 (see
Canton)

Fah-hien, 51, 63, 388



INDEX



401



Faifo, 48, 57, 75, 79, 173, 388
Fairs, 39, 46
Fak'umen, 175, 248
Family cohesion, 302

— law, 311, 341
Famines, 201
Fans, 157, 344
Fansur, 75
Far sang, Gl

Far West, 23, 34, 52, 57, 87 (aee

Europe)
" Father and Mother Officers,"

257
Feather trade, 149
Feet, squeezed, 299, 377
Females, 48, 141 (see Women)
Feng-hwang, 84, 175
Feng-t'ien, 5, 218 (see Mukden)
Ferdinand, King, 121
Fereng, Feringhi, 53, 72 (see

Franks)
Ferghana, 68, 389 (see Kokand)
Ferlech, 75

Feudal China, 312, 317 (see Vassal)
Fiadors, 141, 388
Filatures, 146, 151, 154, 170
Filial piety, 309
Finance, Chinese, 148, 181, 205-

221, 262-7
Finns, 130, 134
Fires, 162

Firms, foreign, in China, 151
"First" Emperor, 17, 18, 24, 43,

49, 62, 198, 238
Fisc, 205, 209
Fish-skin Tartars, 133
Five dynasties, 38, 55, 69, 139, 193

— monarchs, 1 8

— power loan, 221

— punishments, 309, 330

— races, 375, 377, 383
Flags, 377

Flax, 47

Fleets, Chinese, 108, 211, 366 (see

Navy)
Florentine trade, 77
Flour, 146, 147
"Flowery Flag" country, 111

(see America)
Folang, Folangki, Fulang, 32, 36,

78, 82, 88, 105 (see Fulin and

Franks)
Foochow, 22, 90, 98, 151, 157,

224, 258, 388

— arsenal, 210, 211

— dialect, 363, 388, 392

— trade, 156
Foot-binding (see Feet)



Foreign clothing, 147

— Custoin-house, 142, 154, 158
(aee Customs)

— loans, 211 (aee Loans)

— Oflice, British, 249

— population in China, 251, 252

— relations, 16, 42, 46

— tribes, 8

Foreigners, 54, 70 (sec Far West)
Formosa, 1, 30, 37, 40, 80, 90-2,
98, 115, 155, 225, 388

— ceded to Japan, 1

— Dutch in, 37

— French in, 108, 114

— ignorance of, 30

— Japanese in, 93, 115, 156, 225,
366

— opened, 98

— salt trade, 225

— trade, 156

Four Cronies or Intimates, 242,

384
Fournier, Admiral, 108
Franciscans, 77, 299
Franco-German War, 110
Frankish Empire, 28, 78]
Franks, 28, 33, 36, 58, 72, 78, 87,

88, 90, 93, 127, 388

— (extended signification), 78, 88
(see El Rum and " Romania ")

Frederick the Great, 109
French, 36, 99, 105

— competition, 3, 109, 172-3

— hostilities, 114, 211, 265, 365

— parallels, 26

— trade, 151, 173
Friars Minor, 77

Fu cities, 15, 24, 187

Fugitives, 103

Fuh Kien, 5, 56, 57, 90, 93, 156,

224, 225, 285
Fulang (ki), (see Fulin and Folang)
FuHn, 28, 32, 53, 72, 78, 88, 106,

388
Funam, 387
Funerals, 302
Furs, 39, 49, 136
Fusan, Pusan, 116, 388
Fji-chow, 227 (see Hwei-chou Fu)

Gabelle, 14, 181, 223-44 (see Salt)

GalUna, Sign., 119

Gambling, 182

Gandhara, 64

Ganges, 63

Gankin, 252 (see An-k'ing Fu)

Garni er, Francis, 107

Gartok, 174



402



INDEX



Gas, 147

Gas fuel, 222, 231

Gates, city, 258, 264

Gayuk or Kayuk, Khan, 73, 77,

106, 129, 388
Gendarixierie, 186
General of Province, 260
Genghiz, Khan, 34, 72, 78, 133,

388
Genzan, or Wonsan, 394
George III., Letters to King, 97
Georgius, 106

Geougens, 28, 130 {see Ju-ju)
Gerard, M., 109
German activity, 149, 159, 162,

232, 382

— shipping, 153

— trade, 148, 149, 170

— trained troops, 265, 266
Germany, 63, 99, 109, 212, 366

(see ICiao Chou)
Ghilen-tai, 235, 238, 239
Gialbos of Tibet, 31, 139, 389
Gibbon, historian, 28, 51
Giles, Dr. H. A., 131
Giles, Dr. Lionel, 191, 200
Ginseng, 289
Glassware, 49
Gnatong (see Yatung)
Goa, 89
Gobi, 59

Goes, Benedict, 79
Gold money, 43

— trade, 42

• — values, 143, 207 (see Exchange)
Golden Khaii (see Altyn)
Goldi, 133
Gondophares, 47
Goodnow, Professor, 382
Gorges, 231
Goths, 129
Government, 176-90

— Local, 182, 371
Governors, Military and Civil, 179
Gozurat (see Gujerat)

Grain revenue, 206, 240 (see Rice

tribute)
■ — trade, 44
Grand Canal (see Canal)
Grass-cloth, 153, 163
Graves, 284
Great Northern Telegraph Co., 117

— River (see Yang-tsze)
of Canton, 224

— Wall, 14, 84, 239 (see Wall)
Greek history, 21 (see Roman)
Greeks, 47, 64, 66, 78, 296
Grosvenor, Mr., 99



Guilds, 154, 254
Gujerat, 54, 71
Guns (see Cannon)

Habitat of Kitans, 77

— of Ouigours, 63, 70

— of Turks, 54

Haiathala, 64, 67 (see Ephthalitea)

Hailar River, 84

Hainan, 9, 23, 98, 147, 389

— salt, 224

Haiphong, 85, 108, 172, 389
Hair, 168

— human, 147
Haiteng, 75 (see Zaitun)
Haithon, 135 (see Armenia)
Hakkas, 278

Hami, 59, 74, 78, 79, 81, 83, 128
Han dynasty. After, 23, 33, 340

Early, 20, 24, 27, 49, 128,

196, 340
Third, 24, 349

— " Men of," 20, 389

— Prince of, 20, 44

— River. 14, 161, 169, 231, 241

— Wen Ti, 328

— Wu Ti (see Wu Ti)
Han Fei-tsz, 318
HanUn Academy, 306, 384
Hang, range, 5

Hangchow", 10, 32, 34, 65, 71, 78,
116, 157, 158, 226, 258 (see
Kinsai)

Hankow, 52, 75, 98, 151, 161, 169,
245, 389

-r- destruction of, 162

— trade, 158
Hanoi, 85, 388
Harashar, 59, 63, 64, 74, 387
Harbin, 105, 174

Hart, Sir Robert, 241, 251, 317

Havret, Pere, 76

Heaven, words signifying, 387

— worshipped by rulers, 381
Heh-lung Kiang, 218 (see Tsitsi-

har)
Hemp, 47, 91, 149
Henri of Orleans, Prince, 82
Hephthalites (see Ephthalites)
Herat, 79
Hermaios, 47
Hernax, 128

Hia dynasty (Ancient), 18
(Hiung-nu), 27

— state, 34, 392 (see Tangut)
Hia-kwan, 174 (see Nanking)
Hiao, 341

Hide trade, 39, 149, 168



INDEX



403



Hideyoshi, 3G, 388

Hien, city divisions, 15, 184, 209,
257

Hien, religious sectarians, 71

Hi-feng K'ou (Great Wall pass), 85

High Carts, 131 {sec Carts, Wag-
gons)]

Himalayas, 13, 00, 81 (see K'un-
lun)

Hindoo colonies, 32, 49

— connections, 4

— missionaries, 22

— words in Chinese use, 387, 394
Hindu Koosh, 64

Hingan Range, 85
Hing-hwa Fu, 224, 389
Hioki, Mr., 382
Hira, Gl
Hirado, 92

Hirth, Frederick, 56, 61, 71, 128
Historians (see Sz-ma and Con-
fucius)
History, Book of, 42

— Early, 16, 345

— true, 16, 18, 350
Hiung-nn, 19, 20, 23, 25, 27, 28,

33, 46, 64, 121, 127, 191, 238,
347, 389 (see Huns)

— dynasties, 27

— modern, 121
Hoh-feicity, 185, 187
Hoihow, 98, 389

— trade, 152
Ho-kien Fu, 239
Hokow, 108, 172

Ho Kwei, Viceroy, 247
Holansi, 106

Holland, or Ho-lan, 36, 89, 93, 106
Ho-nan Fu, or city, 11, 23, 24, 65,

69
Ho Nan province, 19, 34, 231, 239,

246
Hong Kong, 94, 98, 152, 154

— trade, 74, 108, 153, 156, 172
"Hongs," 98, HI, 117, 141, 154,

389
Honolulu, 113, 374
Hooghly, 65

Hoppo of Canton, 56, 154, 249
Hormuz, 75, 77, 80
Horse-back Powers, 6, 18, 129
Horses, foreign, 78, 106
Horse-shoes, 86
Horse trade, 39, 44, 46, 78
Ho-tung, 240
House duties, 182, 193
Households, 198-203
Hiian Chwang, 63

28



Hue, AbW, 82

flu-kiin-shi, 261

Hu Kwang, 203, 372 (see Hu Nan,

Hu Peh)
Hu Lin-yih, Governor, 245
Hu Nan, province, 5, 22, 35, 58,

161
Hunchun, 174
Hundred Families, 314
Hungarians, 34, 134, 297
Hung-hien, era, 384
Hung Siu-ts'iian, 305
Hung-tseh, lake or marsh, 11, 389
Huns, 21, 63, 128 (see Hiung-nu)
Himters, 24, 138, 181
Hu Peh, province, 6, 232, 233
Hwa-hia, 126
Hwai-k'ing Fu. 11, 389
Hwai region, 22

— River, 7, 10, 22, 208, 227

— salt monopoly, 224-7
Hwa-ma Ch'i, 236

Hwang Ho, 388 (see Yellow River)

source of, 10

Hwang Ti, era and ruler, 374
Hwei-chou Fu, 227
Hydrogen gas, 231
Hyperboreans, 102, 126

Ibn Batuta, 75

Ice- free ports, 168

Ich'ang, 12, 100, 159, 389

Icheng, 229, 394

I-chou, or Wi-chou, 84

Ignatieff, 103, 139

Ikotanga, Tartar General or Vice-
roy, 235

Hi, 22, 40, 47, 59, 73, 78, 104, 127,
129, 134, 137, 180, 263, 366, 389

— Russians in, 104
Iliang, Viceroy, 246
Impecunious provinces,3,203, 215
Import duties, 144
Indemnities, 113, 264

India, 22, 29, 32, 47, 49, 51, 57,
77, 100, 140, 296, 340

— North and South, 04

— relations with China, 32
Indian Government, 13

— Ocean, 54, 67

— yarns, 145 (see Cotton)
Indo-China, 19, 23, 51, 172, 226

(see Cochin-China, Annam, Ton-

quin)
Indo- Scythians, 47, 64, 67, 134,

348 (see Ephthalites, Yueh-

chi)
Indus, 63, 174



404



INDEX



Infanticide, 285

Infants and crime, 31G

Ingkili, 72

Inland Water Navigation Pvules,

163
Inner Lower River, 245
Innocent IV., 77
Inns, 282, 290
Inscriptions, foreign, 31, 68, 77

(see Ancient Remains)
Inspector-General, 215, 252, 254
Insurance, 291
Intellectuality, 294
Intendants, 189 (see tao divisions)
Intermarriages, 27
Invisible exports and imports, 144
Iron ciurency, 47

— dynasty, 392 (see Kitans)

— gates, 64, 73 (see Derbend)

— licences, 238

— trade, 11, 44, 49, 52, 57, 61, 62,
66, 67, 86, 205, 235, 238

— working, 29, 54, 130
Irrawaddv River, 9, 52, 62, 74, 82,

106, 389

sources, 82

Irrigation, 66

Irtish, River, 131, 137

Isaiah, 106

Islam, 65, 302 (see Mussulmans)

Ispahan, 78

Issibur, 136 (see Sibir, Siberia)

Issyk Kul, 64, 66, 72, 73, 389

Italy, 118, 119, 368

— Early, 21, 78, 86, 94

Ito, Count, Marquess, Prince, 367
I-tsing, the bonze, 65
Ivan the Great, 136

— the Terrible, 136
Ivory, 56

Jabgu, Khan, 64

Jade, 81

Jaffa, 83

Jagatai, Khan, 78

Janissaries, 267

Japan, 20, 22, 29, 35, 38, 40. 63,

71, 89, 92, 99, 114, 133, 140,

197, 389

— earliest use of the name, 29,
389

European visit to, 89

— ousts Germany, 170, 175

— takes Formosa, 93
Japanese example, 186, 340, 369

— in Corea, 22, 36, 171

— in Mongolia, 129

— language, 360



Japanese pirates, 36

— revolution, 115

— shipping, 150, 157, 160, 161,
164, 166

— trade, 56, 71, 143, 148, 151, 156
trained armies, 266

— war with China, 40, 104, 110,
116, 166, 167, 211, 227, 237,
264, 366

■ with Russia, 105, 117, 307,

370

— writing, 348
Jartoux, S. J., 106

Java, 25, 32, 35, 36, 51, 54, 57, 63,
71, 75, 92, 94, 197, 387

— Dutch in, 92, 94, 142
Jaxartes, 72, 78, 389
Jeddah, 80, 83

Jehol, 97, 175, 180, 184

Jerusalem, 83

Jesuits, 76, 87, 89, 94, 106, 109,

118,298
Jesus of Nazareth, 296
Jeujens (see Geougens, Ju-ju)
Jews, 23, 45, 70, 274, 298
Joostens, M., 113
Jubb, 80
Judaea, 95

Judge, Provincial, 179
Judges, new, 180, 341
Judicial and Executive, 179

— system, 251

Ju-ju or J wan- j wan, 28, 130 (see

Geougen)
Jungluh, 368, 369
Junks, 35, 70, 91, 225-6, 389

— river, 60

Junk to U.S. and London, 98

— trade, 51, 56, 57, 91, 152, 153,
159,247

Justice, 183, 319
Justin, 66, 67
Justinian, 322, 337, 372
Jute, 149

Kabul, 60, 63, 79, 83
Kachyns, 8, 9, 389
Kadesieh, 68
Kadphises, 47, 64
K'ai-feng Fu, 70
K'ai-Lan, Coal Co., 168, 212
Kaiser (see Wilhelm)
Kalgan, 4. 72, 84, 103, 168, 237, 389
Kalhat, 75

Kalikiit, 76 (see Calicut)
Kalkhas, 39

Kalmucks, 40, 80, 103, 135, 137,
389 (see Dzungars, Eleuths)



INDEX



405



Kampot, 79, 387

Ivamti tribes,

Kan, river,

Kanagawa Treaty, 115, 389

Kan-ehou Fu, 23, 59, 63, 70, 74

Kandnhar, 60, 83

Kandy, 80 •

K'ang, state, 69

K'ang-hi, Emperor, 80, 95, 199,

244, 299, 330
K'ang Yu-wei, 189, 368, 380
Kan"^Suh, 10, 23, 83, 132, 139,

235, 246, 298, 302
Kant, 295

Kaoli, 29 {see Corea)
Kapisa, 64
Kapitan Mo, 88
Karahoto, or -hhoto, 82
Kara-Kirghis or Buruts, 389 (see

Pu-lu-t'eh)
Kara-Kitans, 77, 133, 389
Karakoram city (Mongolia), 00,

72, 74

— Pass (Kashmir region), 59, 63
Karategin, 62

Kase, or Kathe, 139, 390 (see

Manipur)
Kashgar, 60, 65, 74, 83
Kashgaria, 40, 59, 81
Kashmir, 32, 59, 81
Kattigara, 48
Kawlam, 76 (see Quilon)
Kazaks, 135, 389 (see Cossacks,

Kirghis)
Kazan, orK'a-shan, 136
Kelantan, 80
Kelat, 83

Kellet, Captain, R.N., 98
Kem, river, 137
Keng-hung, 74
Kerosene, 46, 146, 102, 168, 290

(see Petroleum)
Kerulon, river, 72, 80
Kesch, 64, 73, 79
Kewkiang, 98, 162-4, 169, 227,

252, 389
Keys, 258 (see Gates)
Khabarovska, 105
Khansa, 76 (see Kinsai)
Khata, 79 (see Kitans)
Khavanda, 65
Kiachta, 84, 103, 138, 169
Kiai Chou, 240
Kia-k'ing, Emperor, 304
Kiang, the (see Yang tsze)

— Nan, 226, 248

— Peh or Pei (= North Kiang Su),
228, 252



Kiang Si, 5, 60, 103, 224, 227

— Su, 252, 254, 378-9

— 'J'ung (near Esmok). H3

tsz (Tibet " port "), 174

Kiao-chi, 25, 389

Kiao Chou (" Cernnan sphere"),

63, 105, 109, 144, 167, 170, 230,

265, 367
Kiao-chou (Tonquin), 25, 389
Kia-yiih Pass, 78, 81, 83, 169,

235, 389
K'ien, kingdom, 5, 222 (see Kwei

Chou)
K'ien-lung, Emperor, 81, 97, 137,

199, 304, 390, 393
Kiev, or Ki-yu, 136
Kikuchi, Baron, 348
Kilung, 80, 92, 389 (see Formosa)
Kin-chou Fu, 84, 175
King-chou Fu, 160
Kinsai, 76, 197 (see Hangchow)
Kin-sha (or Golden Sand) River,

69, 389
Kin Shan, 387 (see Altai Mts.)
Kin-t'ien, 41 (see Sun-chou Fu)
Kipchaks, 102, 134, 135
KipHng, R., 183
Kirghis, 66, 102, 127, 132, 137, 389

Kazaks, 135,389

Kirin, 84, 174-5

Kissing, act of, 288

Kitan foundei (Apaoki), 69

Kitans, 28, 33, 38, 40, 53, 55, 69,

84, 133, 195, 257, 339 (se?.

Cathayans)
Kitat, 53, 79

K'iung-chou Fu (see Hoihow)
Knife coins, 42
Kokand, 22, 46, 47, 61,' 68, 81,

83, 389
Kokonor, or Kukunor, 24, 39, 59,

81, 169, 180, 389
K'o-li-foh, 70 (see Caliph)
Kongmun, 153, 173, 389
Korla, 59
Kotaiba, 68
Kowloong 101, 153, 367
" Kowtow," the, 384
Koxinga, 91, 93, 96, 389
Ktesiphon, 61
Kublai Khan, 12, 34, 38, 41, 74,

77, 106, 129, 197, 202, 234, 239,

338, 390
Kuche, 04
K'u-ch'eng, or Koziim, Khan,

136-7
Ku-chou (in Kwei Chou), 224
Kugiar, 63



406



INDEX



Kukukhoto, 180 (c/. Kokonor and

Karahoto)
Killing ("cooling" resort), 163
K'ulun, 390 (see Urga)
Kunibum, monastery, 82
Kumchuk, 153, 389
Kumiss, 46

Kiln (army or navy), 269
Kiin-chu (monarchical), 373, 375,

383
Kimduz, 74

Kung-ho (democracy), 344, 373
Kiinlon ferry, 62, 74
Kunlun (Condor), 79
K'unlunMts. (Himalayas), 13, 60,

81
Kunsan, 390
Kuren, 390 (see K'ulun)
Kushan, 64 (see Ephthalites)
Kutlug, Khan, 132, 390
K'wan-ch'eng-tsz, 84, 175 (see

Ch'ang-ch'un)
Kwan Chung, 43, 238, 296, 314,

320
Kwan Hien, 233
Kwan-tsz (see Kwan Chung)
Kwang-chou, 25

Fu, 120 (see Canton)

Wan, 109, 110, 173, 368

nan, 25 (see Kwang-chou)

Fu (in Yun Nan), 224

— Si, 8, 13, 23, 108, 173, 203, 223,
233, 248, 305

trade, 155

sin, 227

su. Emperor, 211, 243, 308,

341, 371

— -teh, 227

— Tung, 13, 87 (see Canton)
Kwei Chou, 5, 8, 9, 13, 23, 60, 83,

184, 203, 218, 231, 300

trade, 13, 83, 224

Kwei-hwa, 84, 180 (see Kuku-
khoto)

Kwei-lin Fu, 155

Kweisiang, 373

Kwoh-min Tang, 376

Kwok-sing-ya, 93 (see Koxinga)

Lake Ghilen (see Ghilen-tai)

— salt, 222, 240

— shipping, 164

— Victoria, 65
Lakes, 6, 10, 161, 361
Lama-Miao, 84, 390
Lamas, 139, 383
Lambri, 57, 70, 75, 80
Lamps, 147, 162



Lan-chou Fu, 235
Land-tax, 198-9, 202-5, 241,
249

— -trade, 48, 104, 143
Lang, Admiral, 270, 366
Langson, 108, 173
Languages. 7, 19, 25-6, 351-64
Lan-li, 70, 80 (see Lambri)
Lao, tribes, 390

Laocius or Lao-tsz, 295, 314, 319,

322, 390
Laos, Laotian, 9
Lao Vinh-phuc, 107, 390
Lao-wa T'an, 233, 390
Lappa, 153, 390
Lar or Lar, 75, 76
Lari, 82, 390
Law, 307-42
Law, English, 308

— reform, 287, 302, 340
Lay, Mr. H. N., 247
Lead, 142

Leasehold ports, 170
Legal Classic, 317, 322
Legations, Ciiinese, 100
Legge, Dr., 314, 337
Legislative functions, 185, 341

(see Judicial)
Legj'a, 83

Lei-chou Peninsula, 23, 56, 173
Lepers, 283

Lesser (or Small) River, 223, 224
Lewis IX, 105
Lewis XIV, 106
Lhassa, 31, 82, 101, 390
Li dynasty, Tonquin, 172
Li Han-chang, 248
Li Hung-chang, 185, 187, 211-2,

248, 365-9
Li Hwei, 245
Li K'wei, 317
Li Shi-min, 30, 333
Li Sz, 318
Li Yang-ts'ai, 107
Li Yiian, 30
Li Yiian- hung, President, 145,

189, 374, 380, 384, 386
Liang dynasty, 27
Liang-chou Fu, 23, 54, 62, 63, 69
Liang K'i-ch'ao, 380, 382, 386
Liao dynasty, 392 (see Iron and

Kitans)

— River, 166

— Tung Convention, 116

Peninsula, 105, 110, 366

Liao-yang, 175, 235
Licences, 182, 205

Lih-fah Yiian, 383, 386



INDEX



407



Likin, 56, 144, 148, 160, 163, 227,

245-55, 372, 390
Lingering death, 335
Ling-ting Is., 97

Literary men, 17, 25, 44, 111, 346
Liu, the family, 24
Liu-k'iu (see Loochoo)
Liu K'un-yih, 187, 248, 268, 283,

369 (see Viceroj^s, Three good)
Liu Pang, 20, 44
Liu Ping-chang, 204
Liu Yen, 240
Liu Yung-fuh (see Lao Vinh-

phuc)
Loans, 211, 216, 227, 239, 253,

360, 369, 372, 377, 380
Lobanoff, Prince, 367
Lob Nor, 59, 63, 74, 81
Local Councils, 186, 371
Lochac, 75 (see Siam)
Lockhart, Sir J. S., 171
Loess, or Loss, 11, 390
Loha, river, 85
Lolos, 8, 12, 390
Loochoo, 30, 36, 40, 71, 93, 115,

390
Loop (see Yellow River)
Lord of Heaven, 94
Louis Philippe, 106
Lu, state of, 17
Luh Cheng- siang, 384
Lii-chou Fu, 187
LU Shun-k'ou, 391 (see Port

Arthur)
Luke, Syrian, 106
Lungchingtsun, 174
Lungchow, 108, 168, 173
Lung-k'ou, 174
Luzon, 36, 90 (see Manila)

Ma'abar, 36, 75

Macao, 87, 89, 96, 106, 114, 118,
153, 390

— trade, 90, 153
Macartney, Lord, 97, 337
Ma-cha, or Madjars, 134 (see

Hungarians)
Mackay, Sir Jas., 251

— treaty, 144, 251, 372
Madagascar, 75
Madras, 75, 80

Maes the Macedonian, 62
Magadoxa, 75, 80
Magna Chartas, 321, 373
Mahomet, 53, 80, 296, 302, 330
Mahometans, 292, 298 (see Mus-
sulmans)
Mailapur, 77'



Maine, Sir H., 309
Malabar, 36, 54, 75, 77, 83
Malacca, 37, 83, 88
Malay, 36, 49, 51, 65, 390
Mali-kha, river, 9, 390
Malwa, 71
Manas, 59, 73
Manchouli, 174
Manchu characteristics, 272

— Empire, 22, 37, 258, 335

— princes, 267, 272, 372-3 (ace
Emperors)

— rulers, 177, 181, 198, 244

— the word, 390

Manchuria, 1, 3, 5, 34, 36, 38, 40,
84, 104, 139, 165, 289 (^ee Kirin,
Tsitsihar)

— aggressions in, 98

— assimilation of, 2, 165, 272

— Japan and Russia in, 3, 151,
165-6

Manchurian salt, 235

— trade, 143, 151, 165
Manchus, 28, 33, 37, 39, 80, 256,

390

— ejected, 181, 257, 375, 381

— in Formosa, 93
Mandalay, 83
Mandarin, 390

— language or dialects, 26, 363

— " trade," 204

Mangu, Khan, 105, 129, 390
Maniach, 66, 67

Manicha?ans, 72, 77, 132, 298, 330
Manifest faith bonds, 239 (see

Loans)
Manila, 36, 57, 71, 90, 113, 117,

297, 390
Manipur, 139, 290
Manufactures, Chinese, 145, 163

(see Factories)
Manure, 148
Manzi, or Man-tsz, 157, 197, 258,

390
Maps, 12, 15, 95, 106

— Bretschneider's, 15, 19, and
end of book

Marco Polo, 33-5, 55, 57, 71, 73-4,

168, 197,241
" Marcus Aurelius," the Chinese,

323, 336
Margarine, 148
Margary, R., 99
Margiana, 61, 64
Margilan, 61
MarignoU, 78
Marine activity, 35
Marinas of Tyre, 62



408



INDEX



Marriage, 284

— alliances, 70, 272
Marshes, Salt, 241
Martyrdoms, 106
Massacre at Canton, 67

— at Tientsin, 99
Masulipatam, 75
Mathematics, 54

Mats and matting, 149, 157

Maulmein, 74

Mayers, W. F,, 19

Maxims, legal, 319, 324

Mazdeans, 72, 76, 298, 330

Mecca, 83

Medical missions, 299

Mehteh, Khan, 20, 46 (.see Bagh-

dur) -'
Mei-Ung, range, 14, 391
]\Iekong, river, 62, 74
Melibar, 75 (see Malabar)
Meneius, or Meng-tsz, 320
Mendez Pinto, 89, 102
Mengtsz, "port," 108, 168, 172,

391
Mercantile honour, 283
Merchant guilds, Russian, 136

— — Chinese, 154, 254
Merchants, early, 44, 53
Merv, 63, 68

Mesopotamia, 22, 47, 52, 76
Mexico, 90, 91, 120, 378
Mezzobarba, 118

Miao tribes, 7, 8, 22, 24, 390

— officials, 8, 183
Mien, 387 {see Burma)
Mien-chu, city, 234
Migrations, 6, 9, 13, 22, 34, 49,

85, 203
Mikado, resuscitated, 115

— the word, 391
Milan, King, 121

Military instructors, 110, 265, 266

Milk, preserved, 147

Mills, 145, 176, 211 {see Manu-
factures)

Min-kwoh (RepubUc), 374, 386

Min-Yiieh, 22

Ming dynasty, 35, 38, 58, 135, 198,
304, 338, 391

— history, 79
Mining, 161
Ministries {see Boards)
Mints, 211, 224
Mirrors, 147

Missionaries, early, 87, 95, 106,
151, 163

— German, 367

— Hindoo, 22



Missionaries, modern, 99, 151,

305
Missions to Peking, 77, 88, 93,

95
Mixed courts for Manchus, 273
Mocha, 83, 92
Mokhoi, 85
Momein, 74, 101, 174, 234 (see

T'eng-yiieh)
MongoUa, 34, 39, 40, 133, 221

— Outer, 180, 235, 377
Mongol Empire, 35, 237

— history, 74

— Khans, 40, 72, 73, 75, 102, 105,
129

— race, 28, 180

— trade in oranges, 157

— wars with Ming dynasty, 36

— word, the, 391

Mongols, 28, 33, 35, 39, 66, 133,
135, 266, 282

— conquer China, 65, 102, 134,
197

— Mussulman branch of, 73
Monopolies, 182

Monosyllabic languages, 8, 19, 354
Monsoons, 57, 71
Monte-Corvino, 77, 78, 303
Monuments, 31 (see Ancient re-
mains)

Morse, Mr. H. B., 113

Moscow, or Moskwa, 136

Moso tribes, 9

Mosques, 68, 83

Motor-boats, 155

Motors, 147

Mountain ranges, 14

"Mouths," 194-6 {see "House-
holds")

Muang-u, 234

Mukden, 29, 53, 84, 248, 306, 391

Mul Java, 76

Mule traffic, 74, 147

Munitions of war, 168 (see Arms)

Muravieff, 138

Muru, or Mulu, 61

Murui-usu, 69, 82 (see Yang-tsze)

Musical boxes, 147

Musk, 79, 159

Mussulman revolts, 104, 107, 202,
250

Mussulmans, 11, 32, 67, 83 {see
Mahometans)

— Chinese, 68, 83, 234, 298

— Kan Suh, 83, 298

— Yiin Nan, 83, 298 (see Pan-
thays)



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