Edward Harper Parker.

China, her history, diplomacy, and commerce, from the earliest times to the present day online

. (page 34 of 35)
Online LibraryEdward Harper ParkerChina, her history, diplomacy, and commerce, from the earliest times to the present day → online text (page 34 of 35)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Mythical times, 18



INDEX



409



Nagasaki, 92, 391

Naimans, 77

Names, ancient provincial, 5

— national, 31 (see National)
Nan-chao, 32, G9, 139 (see Early

Siamese, and Chao)

— annals, 140

Nanking, 34, 37, 1G4, 220, 2G5,
305, 391

— dynasties, 27, 51, 52

— republic, 242, 374

— sacked, 378

— treaty, 106, 142, 246, 299
Nan-ning Fu, 83, 155, 173
Nan Shan, 14

Nan-yiieh, or South Yiieh, 22, 23,
25, 48, 60, 101, 223

Napoleon I, 44

Napoleon III, 106

" Narses," a Chinese, 79

National Assembly, 377 (.see Par-
liament)

— designations, 4, 20, 30, 31, 53,
68, 116 (see Names)

Naturalisation, 114

Naval bases, 101, 167

Navy, Chinese, 108, 167, 210, 211,

270, 366 (see Fleets)
Nay en. Prince, 38, 393
Nayench'eng, 304
Necuveran, 75 (see Nicobars)
Negroes, 52, 57
Nemati, Kalman, 134
Nepaul, 32, 40, 69, 80, 97, 139,

234, 391
Nepaulese war, 69, 72
Nerchinsk, 103, 105, 138
Nestorians, 32, 53, 55, 65, 70, 72,

76, 298
Nestorian Stone, 32, 55, 76
Newchwang, 98, 165, 166, 391

— trade, 165-6

New Territory, or Sin Kiang, 1, 2,
22

assimilation of, 2

Nicholas II, Czar, 366
Nicholas III, Pope, 77
Nicholas de Bonnet, 78

— (Koxinga), 92

Nicobars, 65, 75 (see Necuveran)

Niekulun, 78

Nien-po, 82

Nine Chapters (law), 322, 338

Ning-hia Fu, 168, 392

Ningpo, 24, 55, 71, 89, 96, 98, 391

— trade, 157
Ninguta, 175
Niuru, 257



Nomad states, 59

Nomads, 6, 18, 19, 26, 41, 43, 59,

129, 191
Non-Chinese, 180 (see Barbarians)
Nonni, river, 85
Nordenskjold, Professor, 134
" North " River, 224 (see " Small "')
North and South Empires, 26
Novgorod, 135, 136, 391
Nvichens, 28, 33-4, 38, 40, 57, 69,

84, 133, 195, 228, 235, 241, 257,

339, 391
Nudjkend, 64
Nurhachi, 39

Oak-worm silk, 170
Obata, Mr., 383
Obi, river, 135

Ocho (Uchiu or Foochow), 90, 388
Octroi, 373, 391
Odessa, 161, 169
Odon-tala, 10, 391
Odoric, Friar, 77
Oech, 391 (see Oxus)
Office, Sale of, 186, 207, 247, 250
Ogdai, Khan, 73, 129, 391
Oil (see Bean, Kerosene)
Oirat, 389 (see Eleuths)
Okhotsk, 138

Old China, 4, 20, 23, 34, 195-6,
223, 234

— maids, 285
Olopen, 76
Onon, river, 72

Opium, 46, 85, 86, 96, 247, 252,
290 337

— abolition, 145, 157, 159, 161,
165, 252, 300, 377

— Convention, 100, 114, 153

— native, 159, 247

— smuggling, 204, 291

— trade, 86, 98-100, 142, 146, 159

— war, 96, 99
Oranges, bitter, 157

Ordos, 10, 14, 23, 34, 82, 238, 391
Orgetorix, 44
Origin of Chinese, 4
Orkhon, River, 69, 77, 131
Orleans, Prince U. of, 82
Osmanli, 31
Ostiaks, 132, 135, 136
Otrar, 72, 79, 135
Ouigour capitals, 63, 77, 79
Ouigom-s, 31, 34, 63, 69, 74, 131,
132, 241, 391

— become Mussulmans, 69
Oxus, river, 47, 61, 64, 66, 73,

79. 391



410



INDEX



Pacific Ocean, 19, 133

Pagoda Anchorage, 108, 121, 270

— at Canton, 68
Pahang, 80
Pakhoi, 83, 100, 391

— trade, 83, 152

Palace expenditure, 208, 211, 214,
384

— favour, 249
Palembang, 57, 80
Pali, 76
Palisade, 248

Pamirs, 22, 37, 47, 51, 60, 65, 81,

128 391
Panjab, 72, 134, 388
Pans, iron, 45
Panthays, 83, 234, 264
Pantoja, 95

Pao Ch'ao, General, 204
Pao-ting Fu, 239
Paper, 347

Parkes, Sir Harry, 365
Parliaments, 181, 186, 341, 371,

373, 378, 383, 386
Parthia, 21, 49
Parthiana, 47, 50, 51, 61
Pascal, 78
Pasio, S.J., 87
Pasture, 66
Peacocks, 48

Peace-promoting Association, 382
Pearl River, 14 (see Great, West,

Canton)
Pearls, 46, 56
Pecul (Chinese cwt.), 391
Pegoletti, 78

Peh-hai, 391 (see Pakhoi)
Peh-ngai, 155
Peh-seh, 83, 224, 391
Pei-kwan suburb, 306
Pei-tai Ho, 168
Peking, 33, 37, 84, 88, 95, 208, 230,

251, 285, 373, 377

— Contingent, 182

— dialect, 352

— Government, 3, 177, 206, 249,
372

— occupied by Manchus, 95
by Allies, 94

— opened, 98, 251

— Syndicate, 119

— the word, 391
PelUot, Paul, M., 77, 132
Penang, 83

Pencil, hair, 347
Pendjeh incident, 365
P'eng-hu, 391 (see Pescadores)
Pensioned Manchus, 181-2



Pentam, 76 (see Bantam)
Peres de Andrado, 88
Perovsky, Fort, 72
Persecutions, 95
Persia, 30, 32, 34, 40, 51, 53, 66,

67, 68, 105, 131-2, 134,340,391
Persian appeal to China, 30, "^3

(see Pirouz)

— Gulf, 50, 71, 80

— priests, 72, 77, 330

— traders, 54, 67, 79

— works, 79
Peru, 119

Pescadores, 92, 108, 391
Peshawur, 63

Petra, 52

Petroleum, 86 (see Kerosene)

Philip II, 90

Philip the Fair, 105

Philippines, 91, 118, 156, 391 [see
Manila)

Philology, 25, 53, 343-64

Philosophers, 308, 317, 346

Phoenicians, 48

P'i-she-ja (see Formosa)

P'iao, 387

" Pidjin " (= " business ") Eng-
lish, 90

Piebald-horse Pond, 235 (sec
Hwa-ma)

Piece-goods (see Cotton, Textile)

Pigs, 152

Pigtails, 147, 252, 267, 274, 275,
292, 373, 378

Pilgrims, 51, 62, 83

— to Mecca, 83

— to Sanciano, 87
Pilots, river, 13

Pineapple (Ananas saliva) cloth,

153
P'ing-shan, 12, 391
P'ing Siu-kih, 389 (see Hideyoshi)
P'ing-yang, 84, 391
Pinto, Mendez, 89, 102
Pin-t'ung (see Binh-thuan)
Pirates, 36, 37, 56, 85, 89, 90, 109
Pirouz, 68, 391 (see Persian)
Plague, 166
Pliny, 48, 49, 62
Plum Range (see Mei-ling)
Police, 183, 209 (see Gendarmerie)
Polo (see Marco)
Polygamy, 284
Pond-salt, 222, 236, 241 (see

Hwa-ma)
Pongee silk, 170 (— pen-ki, " our

own loom ")
Poppy, 97 (see Opium)



INDEX



411



Popular party, 376, 378-9 (see

Ku'oh-min Tang)
Population, 12, 191-204 (sec map)

— distribution of, 2, 7 (see map)

— foreign, 151-2

Porcelain, 57, 163 (see Potteries)
Pork, 298

Po-sz, 391 (sec Persia)
Port Arthur, 105, 110, 166, 366-7,
391 (see Lii-shun K'ou)

— Hamilton, 365-6
Ports, ancient, 49

" Ports," inland, 108, 168, 171
Ports, special, 174

— treaty, 142

forty- seven, 175

Portugal, one with Spain, 90
Portuguese, 36, 87, 90, 113

— religious intrigues, 96

— trade, 88

Postal conference, 119

Posts, 86, 175, 208

Potocki, Food Dictator, 45

" Po^wfci " man, 88

Potteries, 103

Poutiatin, Count, 103

Poyang Lake, 10, 163, 227, 391

PrcEtorium, 187 (see Yamen)

Prefects, 188

Preparation for Parliament Bu-
reau, 384, 386

Presidents, Chinese, 145-6, 178,
181, 189, 219, 252, 299, 374
(see Yiian and Li)

Press, the, 370

Pride's Purge, 379

Princes, Manchu, 211, 272, 373

Prints, 57

Prisons, 282

Privileges, 258, 272, 336, 339

Proconsuls, Military, 180

Progress, 86, 102, 212 (see Re-
forms)

Provinces, Eighteen, 1, 2, 5, 15,
19, 23, 180, 184, 222

— Pauper, 203 (see Impecunious)
Provincial Councils (see Local)

— expenditure, 208, 217

— generals, 260
Prussia, 99, 109
Ptolemy, 48, 62
P'u-chou Fu, 241
Puh-hai, state, 33, 133, 257
P'u-k'ou, 165, 174, 253

Pulo Condor, 79, 391 (see Kunlun)
P'ulun, Prince, 383
P'u-lu-t'eh, or Buruts, 389 (see
Kirghis)



Punishments, 307 (see Nine Chap-
ters)
Purun-ki River, 23, 59, 69, 81
Purveyors, Army, 44
Pusan (see Fusan)
Putao (North Biu-ma), 13

Quelpaert, 38, 391
Queue (see Pigtail)
Quilon, 75-7 (see Coilon, Kawlam)

Raggi, Sign, S., 119
Railways, 84, 98, 104, 113, 104,
211, 267, 370

— Bhamo to Momein, 174

— Canton to Macao, 114

— Ch'ang-sha to Nan-ch'ang, 164

— Hankow to Sz Ch'wan, 160, 268

— Kiang Si (Kewkiang to Nan-
ch'ang, etc.), 163

— Peking to Hankow, 253

to Kalgan, 168

to Mukden, 84

— Shanghai to Nanking, 176,
253

to Ningpo, 158, 212, 267

— Shashi to Hingi, 160

— Siberian, 104, 366

— Tientsin to P'u-k'ou (Nanking),
253

— Tsinan to Kiao Chou, 171

— Tonquin, 74, 108, 173
Rain, prayers for, 301
Ramie fibre, 149
Rangoon, 48, 62, 83
Rapids, 159

Rates, local, 209, 301
Ratio decidendi, 332, 342
Rebellions (see Mussulmans, Tai-

pings)
Red Cross, 119

— Earth State, 29 (see Siam)
hairs, 36, 93

— River, 21, 85, 172

— salt, 241

— Sea, 36, 48, 52, 57, 80

Reed flats, 222, 228, 238 (see

Rushes)
Reforms, 209, 242, 261, 265, 287,

307, 368
Regent (see Prince Ch'un, Jun.)
Regis, S.J., 106
Religion, 41, 132, 293-306

— natural, 302

— political, 309

— privileges for, 339
RepubUc, 344, 365-86 (see Min

kwoh, Kung-hoh)



412



INDEX



Republic, changes under, 15, 184,
188, 190, 281, 288, 292, 296,
297, 308

Republican China, 177

Revenue, 2, 45, 167, 191, 193,
198, 205-21 (see Grain)

— salt, 222-44

Revolts (see Mussulmans, Tai-

pings, " Boxers")
Revolution in letters, 16, 344

— of A.D. 1911, causes, 268

— of 220 B.C. (unifying), 318, 320
Rhinoceros, 48

Rho, Jacques, S.J., 95

Rhubarb, 57, 79

Ricci, Matthew, S.J., 28, 86, 87,

90, 94, 109
Rice salaries, 205

— trade, 144, 164 (see Grain)

— tribute, 1 97 (see Grain Revenue)
Richthofen's theory, 11

Rival states period, 43 (see Feudal,

Vassal)
River steamers, 13, 163

— systems, 10-13 (see Drainage)
Riviere, Henri, 107

Roads, definition of, 86 (see Trade
Routes)

— Great, 59, 69, 73, 81, 83-5, 127

— in land, 74, 78

— to Manchuria, 84

— to Tibet, 82

Robertson, Sir Brooke, 153, 249
Rockhill, Hon. W, W., 56, 71. 201
Rodney Gilbert, 11, 69, 84, 302
Roman parallels, 16, 19, 21, 25,

26, 126, 296, 315, 317, 329, 337

(see Greek)

— trade, 49, 52, 62

" Romania," 78 (see El Rum)

Rubruquis, 67, 73, 77, 105, 135

Ruggieri, S.J., 87

Rumania, 121

Russia, Early, 34, 102, 126, 136

— missions to and from, 103

— Mongol conquest of, 34

— the name, 3 1
Russian acquisitions, 102-5

— chvurch, 103, 303 (see Orthodox)

— College, 306

— competition, 3

— guards at Peking, 102

— shipping, 169

— teas, 146, 162-3

— trade, 146, 151, 161, 163, 169
Russians, 34, 40, 84, 98, 101-4,

126, 134,138, 161,290
Russia's " free resources," 207



Russo-Japanese War, 115, 117, 307
Ruysbroek, 105 [see Rubruquis)

Sables, 46, 136
SacharofI, 200 .
Sadi Wakas, 68
Saigon, 107

Saints, Buddhist, 180, 390
Sairam, 73, 79
SaJch, 69 (see Tea)
Salaries, 205, 209, 255
Salt barter, 45, 232
Salt flats, 228, 235

— revenue, 181, 205, 222-44

— trade, 11, 14, 44, 152, 181, 206,
220, 251

— wells and ponds (see Wells,
Ponds)

" Sam Collinson," 247

Samoyedes, 132

Samsah Inlet, 156 (see San-tu Ao)

Samshu, 46, 391

Sam-shui, 101, 391

— trade, 153, 173

Sanciano, 87 (see Shang-ch'wan)

Sandwich Is. (see Honolulu)

Sang Hung-yang, 222, 238

Sanitation, 183

Sansing, 175

Sanslcrit, 31

San-tu Ao, 156, 168, 391

Saracens, 241

Sarbaza, 56

Sarikol, 81

Sartak, Khan, 73

Sassanides, 68

Satraps, 23, 39, 44, 95, 325

Savages, 9 (see Aborigines, Tribes,

Non-Chinese)
Sayang, 82

Schaal, or Schall, Adam, S. J., 95
Schiltberger, 136

Schools, 208, 272 (see Universities)
Science, 95, 132, 294
Scot and lot, 193
Scotra, 75 (see Socotra)
Scythians, 21, 127 (see Hiung-nu,

Huns)
Sea routes, 85
Sea-salt, 223, 236
Sea-slugs, 289
Sea trade, 25, 32, 33, 40, 47-52,

56, 63, 67, 70, 71
Secretaries, 209, 338, 341, 356

(see Clerks)
Secret Societies, 303-4 (see

" Boxers," Shang-tiHwei, White

Lily)



INDEX



413



Sedans, 163, 261
Seilan, 76 (see Ceylon)
Semedo, Pere, 76
Semenat, 76
Senate, 373

Seraglio, 249 (see Palace)
Serbia, 121
Seres, Serica, 62, 87
Serfs, 44, 194
Settled states, 59
Sha-chou, 74 (see Tun-hwang)
Shaher, or Shehr, 75
Shahidula, 63
Shakyamuni, 296, 297
Shamanism, 302
Shamien, 141, 391
Shan, origin of word, 29 {sec
Siam, Chao)

— Empire, 13, 69, 234

— States, 37, 74, 101, 107, 109,
145, 173 (see Laos, Muang-u,
Momein)

Shan-hai Kwan, 84, 168, 248
Shans, 7-9, 22, 29, 35, 140, 183

(sec Siam)
Shan Si, 5, 34, 102, 201, 222, 240
Shan Tung, 5, 33, 57, 231, 236, 238

Promontory, 4, 176

trade, 57

" Shantungs," 170
Shang-ch'wan, 87 (see Sanciano)
Shang dynasty, 18
bone inscriptions, 343 (see

Bone)
Shanghai, 23, 79, 96, 98, 165,

171-2, 197, 246

— opened, 98

— trade, 171-2

Shang-ti Hwei, 305 (see Secret

Societies)
Shara Muren, 85
Shashi, 160, 391
Shehr (see Shaher)
Shen Kia-pen, 341
Shen Puh-hai, 317
Shen Si, 5, 19, 62,262
Shen-yang, 391 (see Mukden)
Sheng-chang, 179, 253 (see Gover-
nors)
Sheng-king (city), (see Mukden)
Sheng King (province), 5, 165
Shigatsz, 82 ^-j

Shignan, 65, 74, 81 ^'

SKi-ki, 18 (see Sz-ma Ts'ien,

Histories)
Shilka River, 133, 138, 391
Shimonoseki Treaty, 116, 391
Shipping, 150, 157, 165, 166



Shipping Chinese, 150, 157, 160

— German, 153

— Japanese, 150, 157, 160, 101,
164, 166

Shiraz, 78

Shiu-heng, 87 {see Chao-k'ing)

Shogiin, 115, 393

Shroffs, 255, 391

Shuga, 82

Shuh, Empire, 24 (see Sz Ch'wan)

Shuh, Kingdom, 5, 222 (see

Sz Ch'wan)
" Shum," the Viceroy, 386 {sec

Ts'en Ch'un-hiian)
Si-an Fu, 4, 23, 24, 33, 52,. 55, 59,

63, 64, 69, 391
Si Iviang, 13, 21, 60, 101 (see

West and Canton rivers)
Si-ning Fu, 69, 82, 392
Siam, 31, 36, 37, 40, 53, 74, 140

(see Shans)

— modern, 140

— trade with, 1 72

Siamese, 8, 49 (see Shans and Chao)

— Early, 29, 62, 69, 140

— Modern, 9
Siang, river, 6, 61

Siberia, 28, 54, 104, 127^40, 191

— Railway, 366 (see Railways)
Sibir, 135 (sec Issibur)

Sicily, 57
Sikkim, 392

— Convention, 100
Silk fabrics. 154, 159

— revenue, 45, 191

— trade, 45, 49, 50, 54, 57, 62, 07,
79, 146, 154, 159

— wild, 170 {see Oak)

Silver, 42, 57, 91, 207, 216, 283
(see Bullion)

— drain of, 97

— Exchange, 142, 172, 207 (see
Exchange)

— export, 57

" Sin," external, 281

Sina, 62 (see Thin, Ts'in, Seres,

Tzinistan)
Singapore, 48, 83, 94, 298
Sin Kiang (see New Territory)
Sin-min T'un, 175
Skins (see Hides)
Slaves, 52, 195, 300, 337
Slavs, 134

" Small" River, 223-4 {see Lesser)
Smith, Rev. A., 271
Smuggling, 204, 290
Snobbery, absence of, 183, 250,

281 (see Democracy)



414



INDEX



Soap, 46, 147

Social tabu, 44, 183, 300

Socotra, 75, 83

Sogd, 66-8, 128

Soldier, the Chinese, 263, 270

Soli, 75

Solons, 133, 262

Songchin, 392

Sons, 287, 302

Soochow, 116, 175, 187

Soul, 84

South Seas, 32, 36, 40, 51, 55, 57,

71, 94 (see Indian Ocean)
South Yiieh, 48 (see Nan-yiieh)
Southern China, 19, 23
Soy, 392
Soya hispida, 148, 166 (see Soy,

Beans)
Spain one with Portugal, 90
Spaniards, 36, 89, 117

— Early, 78, 85

— in Annam, 107
Spheres of influence, 101
Spice Islands, 92

Spirits (liquor), 46, 182, 298 (see

Drink)
Spread of Chinese (see Expan-
sion)
Spring and autumn annals, 17

(see History)
Squeezed feet (see Foot- binding)
"Squeezes," 206, 216, 220, 221,

250, 290
Srinagar, 63
Stamp duties, 182
Standards of currency, 143 (see

Currency, Exchange)
Staunton, Sir Geo., 337
Steam, 86
Steamers, 13, 162
Steam-launches, 163
Stein, Sir Aurel, 18, 32, 60, 62,

63, 77, 191, 347, 392
Stepanhoff, 138
Stephen, Sir Oas. F., 308, 318
St. John's Island, 87, 89 (see

Sanciano, Shang-ch'wan)
Stone city or tower, 62 (see

Daraut, Tashkend)
" Straits," the. 142, 386
Straw braid, 148, 167, 170

— hats, 157
Strogonoff, 136, 392
Sii-chou Fu, 252, 378
Siian-hwa Fu, 235
Suan-t'ung, Emperor, 372-73
Submarines, 86

Sugar, 57, 91, 147-8, 153-6



Sugar " rigging," 148
Suh-chou (An Hwei), 231

(Kan Suh), 23, 59, 74, 79

Sui, dynasty, 28-9, 38, 53, 192,

392,
Suicide, 273, 331
Suifenho, 174
Sukchur (see Suh-chou of Kan

Suh)
Suleiman the Arab, 54
Suliman the Panthay, 264
Sultan of Turkey, 120
Sulu, 32, 36, 40
Sumatra, 32, 36, 54, 57, 65, 75-8,

94, 96, 392
— ■ coolies, 94

— Dutch in, 94

— oil, 146, 149
Summer Palace, 98
Sumptuary laws, 44
Sun, family, 24
Siin-chou Fu, 41
Siin-tsz, philosopher, 313

Sun Yat-sen, 372, 374, 370, 378,

386
Sung, dynasty of Liu, 27, 392
(the great), 33, 34, 38, 56,

71, 139, 157, 197, 228, 237, 241,

335 (seeManzi)

— the word, 392

— I^ao-jen, 378
Suomi, 130 (see Finns)
Suzerainty, 116

Swatow, 56, 98, 110, 223, 392

— river, 223, 224

— trade, 148
Sweden, 117
Switzerland, 119
Swords, 57

— as coins, 43 (see Knife coins)
Sycee, 213

Syndicates, 167, 211, 381

Syr, 23, 292 (see Ts'in, Sina, etc.)

Syria, 22, 23, 55

Syriac, 32, 55, 72

Syrians, 22, 23, 48-9, 77, 106,

132, 348
System of government, 23, 177-

90
Sz Ch'wan, 3, 9, 23, 60, 197, 202,

229, 248

cotton, 145

East and West differences, 3

opened, 100

salt, 229-31

tribes, 8, 9

Sz-li, 392 (see Syr, Ta-ts'in, etc.)
Sz-ma, dynasty, 25, 392



INDEX



415



Sz-ma, family, 25

— Ts'ien, historian, 18, 25, 205
Sz-mao, 101, 10!), 173 (see Esmok)

Tabriz, 73

Tabu, 183 {.see Social)

Tachibana, M., 77

Tael, 142, 172, 207, 392 (see

Exchange, Currency)
Tagarma, 74

Tai, the race, 29, 140 (see Shan)
Taipinga, 41, 106, 200, 203, 225,

227, 228, 245, 248, 260, 305, 392
T'ai-wan, 92, 392

— Fu, 98
T'ai-yiian Fu, 241
Tajiks, 53 (see Arabs)
Takakusu, M., 76

Takow, 392 (see T'ai-wan Fu)

Taku, 112, 168, 247, 392

Talas, 64, 66, 67, 73

Tolas, the, 74

Talecan, 74

Ta-Uen Wan, 105, 110, 167, 392

(see Dairen, Dalny)
Tamerlane, 78, 135
Tamra (see Tan-lo)
Tamsui, 80, 98
Tan, 22 (see Burma)
T'an Yen-k'ai, 262
Tana, 75, 77
T'ang, dynasty, 30, 33, 38, 07,

194, 339

— " men of," 30, 340, 392
Tang-ch'ang, 392
Tang-hiang, 392

Tangla range, 13

Tangut, 34, 55, 168, 392 (see Hia

state)
Tan-lo, 391 (see Quelpaert)
Tao, division, 189
Tao, principle, 314
Taoism, 72, 295, 297, 303, 317
Tao-kwang, Emperor, 304
Tarbagatai, 73, 103, 137-8
Tarim River, 55, 59, 128-9, 377
Tarsando, 392 (see Darchendo, Ta-

tsien-lu)
Tartar, the word, 392

— " Emperors," 128

— garrisons, 160

— generals, 258, 260

Tartars, 19, 24, 27, 30, 35, 41, 46,
129, 130, 195, 327, 339, 361
(see Mongols, Tobols, Turks,
Tunguses)

Tartary routes, 23

Tashkend, 62, 64, 79, 127, 366, 392



Tashkurgan, 62, 63, 74, 392 (see

Stone City)
Tata, 130, 197, 392 (see Tartar)
Ta-tsien-lu, 82, 233, 392 (see

Darchendo)
Ta-Ts'in, 23, 28, 32, 49, 50, 62, 87,

95, 102, 392 (see Syr, Thin,

Romans, Franks, etc.)

— envoy, 52

— means " Franks," 28

— monastery, 72 (see Nestorians)

— trade, 49, 62

Ta-tsz, 35, 197, 392 (see Tata,

Man-tsz)
Tatungkow, 174
Taugas, or Tau-hwa-sh, 68
Tax-collectors, 209
Taxes, 57, 182 (see Duties, Likin,

Revenue)
Taxila, 64

Tazi, or Ta-shih (see Tajiks)
Tchimkend, 64
Tchin, 79 (see Thin, Sina, Chi-na,

Tzinistan)
Tea, 55, 57, 69, 82, 85, 138, 163,

392

— and Tibet, 3, 57, 159, 233

— " boiling," 81

— Ceylon, 146, 162

— Indian, 143, 146, 162

— Java, 162

— smugghng, 117, 142

— trade, 57, 103, 138, 142-3, 157,
227

Tehran, 73

Te-i-chi (Deutsch), 99

Telegraphs, 117, 211

Telephones, 211

Temperance, 288

Temple feasts, 301

T endue, 84 (see Kukukhoto,
Kwei-hwa)

Tengri Tagh, 392 (see T'ien-shan)

T'eng-yiieh (see Momein)

Termed, 79

Terranuova, 112

Teutonic tongues, 7

Textile Commission, 145

Thai (see Tai, Shan)

Theodore, Czar, 136

" Thin," State (see Sina, Tzini-
stan, etc.)

" Thirteen Hongs," 98, 141

" Thousand Buddha Grotto," 77

" Thousand Springs," 64

Three Boy Emperors, 248

Tibet, 3, 34, 37. 39, 80, 81, 100, 377

— the word, 393



416



INDEX



Tibetan dynasties, 27, 28

— Expedition of 1904, 82, 101,
370

— liighlands, 6

— -inscriptions, 11 {see Ancient)

— language, 31

— trade, 57, 100, 159, 168, 174,
233, 3G6

— tribes, 8, 9, 14, 19,22
Tibetans, 20, 180

— and Siamese, 69, 139

— Early, 13, 21, 139

— first aggression, 31, 32

— in Turkestan, 32, 55
T'ieh-ling, 175

Tien, Kingdom, 5, 222 {see Yiin

Nan)
Tien-li, faith, 304
Tien-peh, or Tin-pdk, 89
T'ien-shan, 59, 393 {see Tengri

Tagh)
Tientsin, 4, 34, 98, 167, 187, 237,

247, 369, 393

— massacre, 99

— river, 247

— trade, 84, 148, 151, 167
area, 4, 84, 168 {see Trade)

— treaty, 98, 142, 247, 299
Tih-hwa Fu (capital of Sin Kiang,

see Urumtsi)
Timber, 157
Ting, Admiral, 270
T'ing-chou Fu, 224
Ting-hai, 227, 393
Titles, changed, 179

— Sale of {see Ofifice)
Titsineh, 93

Toba, ^dynasty, 24, 26, 28, 34, 51,
52, 129, 133, 393(«eeWei)

— family, 34

Tobacco, 91, 147, 182, 246 {see

Cigarettes)
Tobar, Pere, 70
Tobolsk, 103, 135, 136
Tobol-Tartars, 136
Toctamish 135
Tokhara, 64, 68-9, 77
Tokmak, 64
Tokto, 235
Toky5, 393
Tola, river, 73, 80, 131
Tomsk, 136

Toniclanguages, 19, 353, 360
Tonquin, 8, 21, 23, 57, 85, 107,

172, 265, 365, 393
Toro, river, 85
Tortoise-shell, 42

— inscriptions, 343 {see Bone)



Torture, 283, 317, 318, 325
Touch, of silver, 213
Tourane, 57, 173
Tournon, Mgr., 118
Toys, 147
Trade areas, 3, 12, 34, 168

— border, 128

— early, 23, 42, 128

— modern, 141-76

— prohibitions, 89

— routes, 32, 57-86, 161

— Transhipment, 155, 160, 162,
172

Traders, Chinese as, 291

— disqualifications of, 53
Trading missions, 139
Transfer fees, 182
Transit-passes, 153, 249 (see Likin)
Treason, 336

Treasurer, Provincial, 179
Treasury, 207 {see Fisc, ^rarium)
Treaties (see Table, pp. 122-5)

— with Austria, 119

Belgium, 113

Brazil, 120

Congo State, 120

Corea, 116

Denmark, 117

England, 98, 100, 101, 106,

109, 114, 142, 144, 247, 299

France, 98, 106-8

Germany, 110, 381

Holland, 94

Italy, 119

Japan, 115, 116, 251

Mexico, 120

Norway, 120

Peru, 119

Portugal, 89, 114

Prussia, 109

Russia, 98, 103, 105, 138,

365

Spain, 117

Sweden, 120

United States, 112, 151

Treaty-ports, 100, 142, 189

— forty- seven, 175
Trebizond, 67, 77

Tribes, distribution of, 7, 24, 183,

203
Tribute, 26, 29, 36, 42, 46, 56,

100, 135-6, 139-40
"Tribute" from Europeans, 93,

100, 118
Tripartite China, 24
Triumvirate, ancient, 17 (see

Duumvirate)
Ts'ai Ac, 385



INDEX



417



Tsaidam, 81, 393

Ts'an-cheng Yiian, 380 (see Par-
liament)

Ts'an-i Yiian, 374, 377 {see Tar-
liament)

Ts'ang Chou, 239

Ts'ao family and dynasty, 24 {see
Wei)

Ts'en Ch'un-hiian, 38G {see
" Shum")

Tseng Kwoh-fan, 24G, 305

Tseng, Marquess, 246, 305, 365-6

Ts'i dynasty (Chinese), 27

(Tartar), 27

— kingdom, 5, 43, 238
Tsi-nan Fu, 170, 175
Tsiang-kun, 180, 257
Tsin dynasty, 24, 33

Ts'in dynasty, 18, 19, 24, 43
Ts'in "Great," 23, 392 {see Ta-

ts'in)
Ts'in people, 23 {see Syr, Syrians)
Ts'in- wang Tao, 168, 393
Ts'ing-tao, 170, 381 {see Kiao

Chou)
Tsitsihar, 85, 127, 175 {see Heh-

lung Kiang)
T soling, 258 {see Niuru)
Tso Tsung-t'ang, 81
Ts'iian-chou Fu, 32, 55, 70, 71,

74, 88, 89 {see Zaitun)
Tsung-li Yamen, 393 {see Boards)
Tsung-shih, 273
Tsuruhaitu, 84
Tsushima, or Tui-ma, 393
Tsz-cheng Yiian, 373
Tuhkun, 179, 251
Tulishen, 103
T'umu, 36, 393

Tunguses, 30, 39, 47, 128, 165, 181
Tungusic dynasties, 24-9, 240

— races, 23, 128-30, 165
Tunguz, the word, 393
Tun-hwang, 23, 63, 73, 77, 191
T'ung-kiang-tsz, 175
Tung-kwan city, 223, 393
T'ung-kwan Pass, 10
T'ung-meng Hivei, 376 (see Kwoh-

min Tang)
Tung-t'ing Lake, 10, 19, 103, 393
Turanians, 19, 136
Turfan, 59, 64, 78, 79, 83
Tiirgas, 64, 132

Turguts, 103. 389 (see Kalmucks)
Turk, the word, 29, 130, 393
Turkestan, 1, 2, 21, 32, 34, 37, 51,

129, 139, 269, 365, 377 (see

Sin Kiang)



Turkestan becomes Tibetan, 32,

55
Turki, 180
Turkish dynasties, 38, 193, 240

— language, 29, 31 {see Ancient)

— monuments, 31
Turko-Tartars, 14

Turks. 21, 29, 54, 64, 120, 128

— of Turkey, 121

— Central, Eastern, or Northern,
04, 132

— subdued, 30

— Western, 30, 53, 64, 67, 68,
132 (see Dizabul)

Tutuh, 251, 253, 268 {see Military

Governors)
Tut'ung, 180, 257
Twan K'i-jwei, 386
Twelve Tables, 315 (see Roman

parallels)
TwoCheh, 197, 226
Two Hu, 229 (see Hu Kwang)

— Hwai, 227

— Kiang, 229 '

— Kwang, 13, 108, 228
Tycoon, 393 {see Shogun)
Tzinistan, 63, 79 (see Tchin,

Thin, etc.)

Uliassutai, 70, 81, 84, 127, 137,

235, 393
Umbrellas, 147
United League, 376-7 (see T'ung-

meng)
United States (see America)
Universities, 164, 176, 383
Upper Burma, taken, 100 {see

Burma)
Urga, 84, 127, 132, 180, 387, 390,

393 (see K'ulun)
Uriangkha, 38, 393

— dai, 38

Uriankhai, 389, 393
Uruguay, 121
Urumtsi, 59, 73
Usbegs, 82

Ush, 83

Ussuri, 98, 103, 138

Valley of Yang-tsze, 6

Van Braam, 94

Van Hoorn, 93

Vandals, 129

Vasco de Gama, 75

Vassal China, 314 (see Feudal)

Vasudeva, 47 {see Indo-Scythians)

Verbiest, S.J., 95



418



INDEX



Vial, Pere, 8

Viceroys, 178

— " Three Good." 187, 211, 242,
255, 266, 268, 369

Vissicre, Prof. A., 269

Vladivostock, 105, 170, 393

Voguls, 136

Volga, 73, 103

Voluntary ports, 156, 168, 171,

174
Wa (.see Wo)
Wade, Sir T., 117, 175, 247, 249,

256
Waggons, 61, 66, 73 {see Carts,

High Carts)
Wahab, the Arab, 67
Wakhan, 60

Wala, 103, 136, 389 {see Eleuth)
Wall, the Great, 14, 84, 180,

236
Walled cities, 15, 184, 317
Wallenberg, Count, 120



Online LibraryEdward Harper ParkerChina, her history, diplomacy, and commerce, from the earliest times to the present day → online text (page 34 of 35)