Edward Mayhew.

The horse's mouth : showing the age by the teeth online

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Webster Family Library of Veterinary Medicine
Cummings Schooi of Veterinary IVledicine at
Tufts University
200 VVestboro Road
North Grafton, MA 01 536



FORES'S SPCRTma ENCRAVINeS, \

FORES'S NATIONAL SPORTS. {

F ® X M U 11 T I HJ" CI. ^

I'rom the Original Pictui-es by Me. J. F. Heering, Sen. \

I A SERIES OF FOUR ADMIRABLY COLOURED ENGRAVINGS. ^

\ Price to Subscribers, £10 lO-s. — Size, with margin for Framing, 45 inches long by 26 high. \
I Tha Set com]j|^es — ^

I Plate I.— THE MBIST.

I " Delightful scene ! s

WTiere all around is gay — men, horses, dogs, ^

And in each smiling countenance appears I

Fresh blooming health and universal joy." ^

" 'riien to the copse, i

I'hick w-ith entangling grass or prickly fm-ze, I

AVith silence lead thy many-coloured hoimds ?

In all their beauty's pride." — Someetile. i

Plate II.— THE PIMH. I

" Hark ! what loud shouts l

Ke-echo thro' the groves : he breaks away; |

Shrill horns proclaim his flight ; each straggling hound }

Strains o'er the lawn to reach the distant pack. ^

'Tis triumph all and joy." 5

" Hark ! on the drag I hear ^

Then' doubtful notes preluding to a cry ; ^

More nobly full, and swell'd with every mouth." — SoilERYiLE. >

Plate III.-THE HUM.

" The riders bend
O'er their arch'd necks ; with steady hands, by turns
Indulge their speed, or moderate their rage."
" Happy the man who with unrivall'd speed
Can pass his fellows, and with pleasm-e view
The strugghng pack." — Someevile.

Plate IV.-THE KII^L,.

" The pack inquisitive, with clamour loud.

Drag out their trembluig prize ; and on his blood
With greedy transport feast."

" A chosen few
Alone the sport enjoy, nor droop beneath
Then- pleasing toils." — Someetile.



Corresponding in Size and Style \vith FORESS NATIONAL SPORTS-

Plate I.-The START FOR THE I^ERBIT.
Pla\^.e II.-STEEPI.E-CHASE CRACKS.

Price £3 o*. Od. eacli.
Coloui-cd in close imitation of the Original Pictm-es by Me. J. F. Heeeing, Sen.



LONDON: PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY,

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREET.)



FORESTS HUI^TING SCEfaES,

> Price 12^. each, Colonred, from Pictures by H. Alken.

I Plate 1. TIae First Introductiosi to Slonnds.

\ A string of young horses, crosseil liy n pack of hoirnds in full cry, put on their mettle for the cliasc,
J proving " What's bred in the bone «-ill show in the flesh."

i Plate 2. Menewal of Ac<i?iaiMtance 'witti Mounds.

\ The young bloods represented in Plate I., having had their day, now form a team, and being brought out

> for "the change," are startled by the well-known music of " hounds giving tongue," and dash after

< them in true hunting style, as they were wont to do.

FORESTS HUPdTlfyG ACCOMPLISHMENTS,

> INDISPENSABLE WITH HOUNDS.

I Six Plates, price £1 5.?., Coloured, from Original Drawiug.s by H. Alken.

^ 1. GOING ALONG A SLAPPING PACE.

I 2. TOPPING A FLIGHT OF EAILS, AND COMING WELL INTO THE NEXT FIELD.
\ 3. SWISHING A EASPER.

■ 4. IN AND OUT CLEVEE.
5, CHARGING AN OX FENCE.
J 6. FACING A BROOK.

I FORESTS HUNTIPdG CASUALTIES,

I THAT MAY OCCUR WITH HOUNDS.

I Six Plates, price £1 5s., ColoiTred, from Original Drawings by H. Alken.

J 1. A TURN OF SPEED OVER THE FLAT,

< The result of being broke in a grazing country,
2. A STRANGE COUNTRY.

j "Only give him his head, and he'll bring you in at tlic death."

i 3. DESPATCHED TO HEAD QUARTERS.

I Taking it with a Military Scat.

I 4. UP TO SIXTEEN STONE.

? " Master of mv weight, but would rather my v.-eight was master of liim."

I 5. A RARE SORT 'for THE DOWNS.

5 " Tliev told me he'd leave everything behind Iiim,"

\ 6. A MUTUAL DETERMINATION.

\ " If he goes ou at this rate I'm afraid I must part with him."

LEFT AT HOME,

I FROM THE ORIGINAL PICTURE BY MR. R. B. DAVIS.

I PROOFS ... £2 2 I PRINTS, COLOURED £1 11 6

< Represents a fine stamp of Hunter, and Hounds of perfect form, excited by tlie sound of the liuntsmaii's
*" horn. — A subject full of hfc, and possessing inexpressible cliarms for" the eye of a sportsman.



! Price 5*., post free, 5^. 6d. <

\ Fores's Hunting Diaiy, \

i To record the sport of the season with Fox Hounds, Stag Hounds, and Harriers. I

] Coloured, price 10,?., >

^ Fores's Hunting Rack, \

;; A Receptacle for the Appointment Cards.



Appointment Cards for Ditto, 5s.

Arranged for the Meets of Three Packs.

Pocket Hunting Maps, price 3s. 6d. and 5s. each.



PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY,

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREETJ



FORES'S CONTRASTS,

FROM ORIGINAL PICTURES BY MR. H. ALKEN.

Price 10*. eacli Plato, Coloiu-ed,

lllustrati&u of the goaJr, llje 'gnxl, ^^c.

[.—THE DRIVER (Coachman) of 1832— THE DRIVER (Engineer) ot 1852.
\ II.— THE GUARD (Coach) of 1832— THE GUARD (locomotive) of 1852,
III.— THE DRIVER of tlie MAIL of 1832— THE DRIVER of the MAIL of 1852,
IV._ST. GEORGE'S— ST. GILES'S.

FORES'S SERIES OF THE BRITISH STUD.

\ Whose Performances and Produce are well known on the Turf, <

■> Price £1 1*. each, coloured, from the Original PijCtures by Mr. J. P. HEEEINa, sen. j

\ 1. Sir Hercules aaid BeeswiBag. \

i 3. Totiehstone and I^ninia. I

{ 3. Paiaialoon aud liauguisb. I

\ 4. Camel and Banter, t

5. Muley Moloch aiid Rebecca. I

O. liaraercost and Crttcilis:. ^

7. Bay Middletoai and Barbelle. ^
(The Sire and Dam of The Flying Dutchman.)

FORES'S RACING SCENES.

I Price 21s. each, coloured, from Pictures painted expressly by Me. J, F. HeeeinG, sen.

I Plate 1. A!§C®T.

I THE EMPEROR, FAUGH A BALLAGH, and ALICE HAWTHORN,

\ RUNNING FOR THE EMPEROR'S PLATE, VALUE 500 SOVS.

\ Flate S. ^®mi£.

\ THE FLYING DUTCHMAN AND VOLTIGEUR

I RUNNING THE GREAT MATCH FOR 1000 SOVS. A SIDE.

\ FORES'S CELEBRATED WINNERS.

I Price 21y. each, coloured, from Pictures by Me. J. F. IIeeeing, sen., and others.

I 1. THE HERO,

WITH JOHN DAY, SEN., AND ALFRED DAY.

2. THE FLYING DUTCHMAN,

WITH J. FOBERT AND C. MARLOW.

3. TEDDINGTON,

WITH A. TAYLOR AND JOB MARSON.



PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY,

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREET).



\ FORES'S STABLE SCENES.

I ENGRAVED FROM PAINTINGS BY MR. J. F. HERRING, SEN.

? Price £ t 4*. the set of Four, Ixiglily coloured.

1. THE MAIL CHANGE.

2. THE HUNTING STUD.
\ 3. TH0R0UGH-3REDS.

^ 4. THE TEAM.

I FORES'S COACHING RECOLLECTIONS.

\ ENGRAVEO FROM PAINTINGS BY MR. C. C. HENDERSON.

I Price £5 5?. the set of Five, highly coloured.

I 1. CHANGING HORSES.

5 2. ALL RIGHT.

I 3. PULLING UP TO UNSKID.

4. WAKING UP.

6. THE OLDEN TIME.

I FORES'S COACHING INCIDENTS.

I ENGRAVED FROM PAINTINGS BY MR. C. C. HENDERSON:

^ Price £i 10^. the set of Six, highly coloiired.

\ 1. KNEE DEEP.

I 2. STUCK FAST.

^ 3. FLOODED.

\ A. THE ROAD v. THE RAIL.

5. IN TIME FOR THE COACH.

6. LATE FOR THE MAIL.



FORES'S SPORTING TRAPS.

FROM THE ORIGINAL PICTURES BY MR. C. C. HENDERSON.

Price 21."r. each, coloiu'ed,

TO RANGE WITH THE STABLE SCENES AND COACHING RECOLLECTIONS.

1. d^OlMQ TO TMS: MOORS.
S. CKII^6 TO C0^£:R.

FORES'S ROAD SCENES.

"GOING TO A FAIR." PAINTED BY MR. C. C. HENDERSON.
'Price 15 J. each, coloured.

1. HUMTSRS AMES MACKS.

3. CART MORSES.



PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES,

AT THEIK

41, PICCADILLY, (CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREETO



Jfores's Utitrine Slittcljts.

Price 10^. each, coloured ; tinicd, 5^. each.

The Cutter Yacht MARIA, 170 Tons. •
The Schooner Yacht AMERICA, 180 Tons.
The Schooner Yacht ALARM, 248 Tons.
The Cutter Yacht VOLANTE, 49 Tons.
The Emperor of Russia's Iron Steam Yacht ALEXANDRIA.
The Cutter Yacht CYNTHIA, 50 Tons.
The Schooner Yacht NANCY DAWSON, 160 Tons.
The Schooner Yacht WYVERN, 205 Tons. A Pair.
The Schooner Yacht LEDA, 120 Tons. A Pair.
YACHTING-SCENE OFF COWES, ISLE OF WIGHT.
The ROYAL NAVY-The VICTORY SALUTING HER MAJESTY.

Price 21,?. each, coloui-ed; 10s. 6d. plain.

The KESTREL, R.Y.S. The DOLPHIN, R.T.Y.C.

A COLLECTION OF MARINE PICTURES AND DRAWINGS BY SUPERIOR ARTISTS.

FORE S » S S Fd R T fw G^Tc RAPS,

Price 7s. per sheet, coloured ; or 2^. each mounted as Drawings.

1. STEEPLECHASII^G.

The Staet. The Wall. Thk Beook. The Finish.

2. HUNTING.

GoiNQ TO THE Meet. The Meet. Coveb Side. Dbawinq Coveb,

3. HUNTING.

Tally Ho! The Bukst. A Check. Full Cby.

4. HUNTING.

Run to Earth. Bolting the Fox. Whoop The Retuen Home.

5. RACING.

.Saddling. Ready toe a Canteb. The Staet. Thb Steuggle.

6. COURSING.

Going Out. Soho! The Couese. The Death.

1. BOATING.
Fouk-Oae'd Outeigger. Paie-Oae'd Outeiggbk, A Funny. Sculleb's Outbiggeb.



FORES'S STEEPLECHASE SCENES.

Sis Plates, coloured, price £2 12*. 6d., from Original Drawings by Mb. H. AlZEX.

1. THE STARTING FIELD.

" A picked lot, possessed of judgment and confidence."

2. WATTLE FENCE WITH A DEEP DROP.

" Skill and nerve brought into play."

3. IN AND OUT OF THE LANE.

"Science and a firm seat put to the test."

4. THE WARREN WALL.

"A quick eye and steady liaud often save a fall."

5. THE BROOK.

"The pace and pluck clear it gallantly."

6. THE RUN IN.

" A good finisher, backed by luck, lands him a winner."

FORES'S ANATOMICAL PLATES OF THE HORSE.

Price 6s., mounted on Cloth to fold up like a Map,

The Age Exhibited by the Shape of the Teeth.

Price 5^. each, mounted on Cloth to fold up like a Map.

The Age Exhibited by the Tables of the Teeth.-

The Stracture of the Foot clearly defined.

The Muscles and Tendons accurately delineated.



PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY,

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREET.)



FINE ENGRAVINGS,

PUBLISHED OR IN PROGRESS.



THE ARCTIC COUNCIL.

Painted by S. PEARCE, Esq. Engrared Iby J. SCOTT.

Ai-tlsts' Proofs, £6 6s. ; Prints, £2 2s.

"THERE'S LIFEl[N'^iE~^LErDOG YET."

PAINTED BY SIR E. LANDSEER. ENGRAVED BY H. T. RYALL, ESQ.
Artists' Proofs, £12 12*. Prints, £3 3*.



WEIGHING THE STAG.

Painted by P. Tatlee, Esq. Engraved by T. L. ATKINSOIf, Esq.
Artists' Proofs, £12 12s. Prints £i 4s.

JIR RI€ffi[ARl» SUTT®W»S HOUWBS.

Painted by F. GRANT, Esq. Engraved by F. BROMLEY, Esq.

Proofs before Letters, £6 6s. Prints, £3 3s.



THE BEST RUN OF THE SEASON.

Painted toy sir E. laikdseer. Engraved by T. LANDSEER, Esq.

Artists' Proofs, £8 8s. Prints, £2 2s.



THS S^ONAZtCH OF TUB SXiBN.

PAINTED BY SIR E. LANDSEER. ENGRAVED BY T. LANDSEER, ESQ.
Aitists' Proofs, £10 10s. Prints, £3 3s.

NAPOLEON CROSSING THE ALPS.

Painted by M. PAUL DELAROCHE. ENaEAVED by M. FRANCOIS.
Artists' Proofs, £12 12s. Prints, £2 12s. 6d,



SYMPATHY.

Painted toy FRANK STONE, Esq. Engraved by T. L. ATKINSON, Esq.

Artists' Proofs, £4 4s. Prints, £1 Is.

PORTRAIT OF LORD WILLIAM BERESFORD.

PAINTED BY R. THORBURN, ESQ. ENGRAVED BY W. J. EDWARDS, ESQ.
Proofs, £2 2s. Prints, £1 Is.

TKB 3DVK.B OF CAIVIBRXDGE.

PAINTED BY J. CROWLEY, Esq. ENGRAVED BY T. L. ATKINSON, Esq.
Artists' Proofs, £5 5s, Prints, £1 lis. 6(7.

A ®IAIiO«lJE~A¥"wATERl4®«.
Painted toy SIR E. LANDSEER. Engraved toy T. E. ATKINSON, Esq.

Artists' Proofs, £15 15s. Prints, £7 Vs.

THE RUBBER AT WHIST.

Painted by T. WEBSTER, Esq. Engraved by L. STOCKS, Esq.
Artists' Proofs, £8 8s. Prints, £2 2s.

THE FORE S f E R' S F A M I L Y.

PAINTED BY SIR E. LANDSEER. ENGRAVED BY T. L. ATKINSON, ESQ.

Artists' Proofs, £10 10s. Prints, £4 4s,



MESSRS. FORES'S \

41, PICCADILLYCCorner of SackvUle Street) LONDON. \



SPORTING AMD VETERINARY WORKS.

Chamois Hunting by ^"'^^l ■■ • • 18

Breeding and Training Gkeyhounds Sfonekenge . .



Yacht List
Yacht Signals



Hunt .. ..040



Section of a Line of Battle Ship 131 Guns, in a Case Ficlcen^ig . . ..150

Seaman's Manual f"'?!, ,^": •' a « n

Naval Architectube Lord R. Montagu. . . 6

Me. Sponge's Sporting Tour o . . " ' ' ' n 1 1 n

Management op Hounds Scnitator .. . . 15

The Life of a Sportsman . . . . • ■ • • Nimrod .. . . ^ ^ u

The Life OF John Mytton, Esd ^'»o i i? n

The Condition of Hunters -^t"" n ^i n

Hunting Tours -^t«o « ^5

The Chase, Turf, AND Road ^'tto " ^t>

Analysis of the Hunting Field

Jorrock's Jaunts and Jollities

The Roadster's Album n la n

Hunting Reminiscences ^ F''''^"!f ' » ' i n a a

Pictorial Gallery of English Race Horses . . . . Geo. Tattersall .. 1 lo o

Sporting Architecture -P/^o • • . • • ' " , 7 a

Stable Talk and Table Talk, 2 vols Harry Hmver • • ^ * ^

The Pocket and the Stud -O'.'to a k a

The Stud fob Practical Purposes JJ<tto „ = a

Practical Horsemanship -O'"" " ^



1 11
1 5
1 11



Ditto 5

5



The Hunting Field

The Proper Condition FOR ALL Horses -i;?™ ■ . ,„ „

Sporting Facts -AND Sporting Fancies •£'".?•.•, •• "• a « r

Diary of A Huntsman ?^-.f"""' ■• •• a q a

The Life OF A Fox -^'"o- • •• '• Xia «

The Life of A Fox Hound •{; "^/'"f ,•.,■• * "• a ia a

The Koble Science J) Radcliffe . . 14

Fobes's Guide TO the Hounds OF England .. .. Crelcrt .. ■• X,n X

FoREs's Hunting Rack

Appointment Cards for Po

Fores's Hunting Diary

FoRBs's Game Book



10

5

5

2 6

CtcU 5



The Stud Farm a ^ n

Stable Practice • • • • ■»'«<' V I a

Hunting Atlas Hobson . . ..440

TusF Reckoner or Book of the Odds G^reea .. ..0^0

The Laws OF Horse Racing Capt. Rous . . .. d o

Training the Race Hobse, 2 vols Parmll .. . . 1 10

Deerstalking ^"■J''''P^ •• •• i 2 "

Salmon Fishing -g'"" a q 2

hTnd Book of Angling Ephemera .. ..090

British Angler's Manuai o?^^I^ , '• " aia r

Angler's Companion Stoddart .. . . iO

Wild Sports of the Highlands &t.Joh]i .. .. " » "

The Bat ^^^^ ^^

The Cricket Field ;; , , . • ' ' ' a ? c

Dog Breaking Hutchinson .. ..076

The Modern Shooter ^ac>j i i X

Gamekeeper's Directory . . Johmon. .. •• " X „

Encyclop.bdia of Rural Sports i}Un,ii . . . . ^ lu u



Veterinary Art



Ditto 110



5
5



Canine Pathology ^'"o « n? a \

White's Farriery tiiioomr .. . . 14

Farriery ^/"i^^ ■• ' ' ^ in ^

The Horse i?"«" • • ' • 2 ^2 2

The Dog -^^'o 6 ^

The Horse's Mouth Mayhew .. . . 10 6 >

The Horse's Foot Spooner .. •• " /^ ° '

The Horse's Foot Mjles .. . . 10 6 ^

Two Casts of Ditto -O'^'o b

The Ages op the Horse in Case

The Muscles of the Horse Ditto •■ aea

The Anatomy of the Horse's Foot Ditto ■• ••„2^

Stable Economy Stmcarl .. ..066

Advice to Purchasers of Horses Ditto A , A

Nature and Management op the Horse Roper .. . . v 6 vi

The Anatomy of THE Horse Percivall .. .. 10

Hippopathology, 5 vols i'*^°. - „ •• •• A19 n

Form and ACTION or THE H0R.SE Percivall .. .. 12

Veterinary Pharmacy -^ortoji .. .. 10

Notitia Yenatica Vi/>'«>' •• • • 15

THE RACING CALENDAR. STEEPLE-CHASE CALENDAR.

STUD BOOK, AND GUIDE TO THE TURF.

LONDON, MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY,

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREET.)




tttmkx,



FROM THE ADMIRABLE PICTURE

& m. J. L. BBeB-SS,

BY MR. W. H. SIMMONS.



SIZE OF THE ENGRAVING, WITH MARGIN FOR FRAMING, 30 BY 25 INCHES.

Artists' Proofs .... ^3 3

Proofs Before Letters 2 2

Prints 1 1

Prints, Coloured from tlie Original Picture ... 2 2



May and Decemeeh. Engraved by \V. H. Simmon!', from a Paiutiiig by J. Lamout

Crodie. — Fores & Co.
The visitors to the Royal Academy Exliibition of the past year, sucli at least of them
as have an eye for the pleasing, the merry, and the bright — the admirers of Allegro,
rather than her more solemn sister-nymi)h Penseroso — must have noticed, and having
noticed, been attracted, by the clever painting of Mr. Brodie, bearing the title of
" May and December." The original pictm-e, which can throw sunshine but on one
apartment, is now multiplied ; and nmnerous cheerful rays may beam from the walls of
humbler i>ersons of taste, less fortunate than the possessor of the artist's first conception.
Mr. Simmons has well performed his task of transferring from the canvas to the plate,
the spirit, the mind, the vis comica of the original, while the depth of the middle-tinting
and the chalklike softness of the flesh are evidences of his skilful care in the mechanical
details. The subject, we may observe, for the information of those who did not visit
the Exhibition, is a fine ripe Laughing lass, a long way in her "teens," if not just coming
out of them; her face, which "smiles all over," is turned full tov.ards the spectator, and
her half-delighted, half-mischievous eyes, are glittering with a mixture of gratified
vanity, and a sense of the ludicTOv;s absurdity of the situation of herself and her aged
innamorato. The latter is indeed " December" personified. Imagine a beetle-browed,
heavy -featured sexagenarian, or perchance approximating the three -score-and-ten of
man's pilgrimage, bending, with the devotion of an idol-worshipper, over one of the
plump hands of his earthly divinity, which he holds in liis gnarled and knotted fingers,
and presses to his sensual lips, exposing over his artistically foreshortened face a
polished cranium, denuded of its Idrsute covering, except at the sides, where two fiercely
brushed tufts of white hair still stand upright in admirable agreement with the organic
development of obstmacy in its general bony contour. The accessories of the picture
are also su2:gestive : on the left, where the mischievous maiden is seated, ai*c a modern
flower-vase^ a guitar, &c., and in tlie chimney glass is reflected the poi-trait of a
moustached mU'daire (doubtless a suitor for the fair hand here in the cold grasp of
winter), which looks do\vn on the gi-oup with an expression of appeahng regret. On
the right of the old man is a tankard of elegant chasing, a pen, and inkstand, and the
like emblems. As a composition the picture is excellent, and as a piece of genre paint-
ing, and highly-flnished engraving, " May and December" is a most agreeable and
tideutetl work. — Morning Advertiser.



PUBLISHED BY MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY.

(CORNER OF SACKVILLE STREET.)
London; Printed by- Harbison amd SonSj 4-5, St. Martin's Lone.













S
^

^

^



THE HORSE'S MOUTH,

SHOWING THE AGE

BY

THE TEETH.

CONTAINING

A FULL DESCRIPTION OF THE PERIODS WHEN THE TEETH ARE CUT;

THE APPEARANCES THEY PRESENT;

THE TRICKS TO WHICH THEY ARE EXPOSED;

THE ECCENTRICITIES TO WHICH THEY ARE LIABLE;

AND

THE DISEASES TO WHICH THEY ARE SUBJECT.



EDWAED MAYHEW, M. R. C. V. S.



DEDICATED, BY PERMISSION,

TO

THE PRESIDENT AND COUNCIL

OP

€f)t l^ogal College of l[Tfterinavj) Surgeons,

AND EMBELLISHED WITH

NUMEROUS COLOURED ENGRAVINGS FROM

DRAWINGS MADE EXPRESSLY FOR THE WORK, AND

TAKEN FROM AUTHENTICATED MOUTHS;

WITH

THIRTY-TWO WOOD-CUTS, ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE LETTER-PRESS.



LONDON:
MESSRS. FORES, 41, PICCADILLY.



PRESIDENT AND COUNCIL



ROYAL COLLEGE OF VETERINARY SURGEONS,



THIS WORK



IS (BY PERMISSION) RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED,



BY THEIR OBLIGED AND



VERY OBEDIENT SERVANTS,



THE PUBLISHERS,



41, Piccadilly.



ILLUSTRATIONS.



COLOURED ENGRAVINGS.

Page.

Frontispiece — The Head of a Horse with the teeth exposed

Nine months old, and 2 years old 70

Three years old, and 3 years off • • • • • • • • 80

Rising 4 years, and 4 years old • • • • • • • • 82

Rising 5 years, and 5 years old • • • • • • • • 94

Five years off, and 6 years off • • • • • • • • 96

Seven years off, and 8 years off • • • • • • . . 104

Twelve years old, and 20 years old • • • • • • 112

Sixteen years old, and 30 years old • • • • • • 120



WOOD CUTS.

Section of an incisor tooth • • • • • • • • 21

Arrangement of the substances composing a molar tooth 26

View of a molar tooth • • • • • • • • • • 29

A permanent and temporary incisor tooth • • • • 48

Molar tooth about to be shed • • • • • • • • 62

Molar tooth recently cut • • • • • • • • • • 62

Table of the 3 year old incisor tooth • • • • • • 79

Table of the 3 year off incisor tooth • • • • • • 79

Tables of the incisor teeth at 4 years off • • • • 85



Page.

Tables and arrangement of the incisor teeth rising 5 years 92

Tables and arrangement of the incisor teeth at 5 years old 95

Tables and arrangement of the incisor teeth at 6 years old 99

Tables and ari-angement of the incisor teeth at 7 years off 103

Tables of the incisor teeth at 8 years off • • • • 106

Tables of the incisor teeth at 9 years old . • • • 109

Tables of the incisor teeth at 10 years old • • • • 110

Tables of the incisor teeth at 12 yeai's old •• •• 112

Tables of the incisor teeth at 14 years old •• •• 112

Tables of the incisor teeth at 16 years old • • • • 115

Tables and arrangement of the incisor teeth at 28 years old 119

Tables and arrangement of the incisor teeth at 29 years old 120

Tables of the incisor teeth at 30 years old . • - • 121

Irregularity in the growth of the corner incisor tooth • • 140

A parrot mouth • • • • • • • • • • • • 147

Changes caused by a diseased tooth . . • • • • 175

Mr. Gowing's tooth forceps • • • • • • • • 183

The lever to ditto 184

The forceps, fixed • • • • • • • • • • • • 185

Mr. Gowing's framed chisel • • • • • • • • 188

Mr. Gowing's guarded chisel • • • • • • • • 190

Mr. Gowing's repeller for the guarded chisel • • • • 191

Mr. Gowing's lateral repeller for the guarded chisel • • 193



CONTENTS.



Par- Page.

1 . That the teeth of the horse denote the age of the

animal (i'C. •• •• •• •• •• 1

2. In every case the evidence of the teeth is secondary

to direct and substantiated testimony ; &c. • • 3

3. Some of the causes which induce certain persons

to doubt &c. • • . • • • • • • • 4

4. The teeth more frequently contradict an arbitrary

calculation than disagree with fact. • • • • 7

5. For the security of the purchaser of a horse, not

connected with the turf, the teeth are a sufficient

guard, &c. • • • • • • • • • • 10

6. The description of the teeth &c. • • • • • • ]4

7. The teeth are situated &c. 15

8. The teeth are organised, &c. • • • • • • 16

9. The horse possesses forty teeth, &c. • • • • 16

10. Three substances enter into the composition of the

horse's tooth. • • . . . . . . . . 18

11. The crusta peti-osa &c. •• •• .. .. 18

12. The enamel &c 20

13. The ivory &c. 20

14. The uses of the ivory, enamel, and crusta petrosa

&c. 22

15. The separate uses of the three component struc-

tures, &c. . . 24



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16. The various parts and peculiarities of form, &c. • • 32

17. There are infundibula also in the molar teeth, &c. 35

18. To distinguish an upper from a lower molar

tooth &c. 36

19. The teeth of the horse are very firmly implanted in

the jaws, &c. 37

20. The molars of the lower jaw are the active agents

of mastication. Sec. • • • • • • • • 37

21. Provision has been made by Nature to meet the

wear to which the horse's teeth are subjected. • • 38

22. The cavity of the pulp &c. 42

23. Nature provides the horse with two sets of teeth. 43

24. To know the temporary from the permanent

teeth, &c. 46

25. To recognise a milk incisor tooth &c. • • • • 46

26. The permanent incisors are indicated by their

greater size, &c. • • • • • • • • • • 49

27. The temporary cannot be well distinguished from

the permanent molars, while the horse is alive. • • 51

28. The various points which denote youth &c. • • 52

29. The indications of age &c. • • • • • • 53

30. The incisor teeth in old age, &c. • • • • • 54

31. Some judges depend upon the tushes as indicative

of the age, &c. • • • • • • . . • • 57

32. The wolf's teeth or eye teeth aid us in judging of

the age ; &c. • • • • • • • • • • 59

33. The mode in which the horse cuts his teeth &c. • • 60

34. The manner of examining the teeth &c. ♦ • • • 65



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35. At birth &c. • • • • . . • • • • 69


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Online LibraryEdward MayhewThe horse's mouth : showing the age by the teeth → online text (page 1 of 11)