Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

. (page 10 of 25)
Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 10 of 25)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


B. Anguloa uniflora. Colombia . M. O. P., i.

Bat. 2d Cen., 159.
B. R., 1844, 60.
B. M., 4807.

This species produces in June and July a single large
white flower, faintly marked with yellow, of an agreeable
perfume, lasting two or three weeks in perfection.

A variety has white flowers, spotted all over with dark
brown, and is sometimes called Anguloa virginalis. It is
a handsome and rare plant.

The bulbs of these plants are about three inches high,
with flag-shaped leaves a foot or more long ; the flowers
are produced from the base of the bulbs. They should
be grown in pots, in fibrous peat, with good drainage.
Place them during the growing season in the East Indian
house, with moderate heat and moisture ; afterwards re-
move to a cooler house. They should have a long rest,



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. l6j

during which they should be kept rather dry until growth
begins. They are propagated by dividing the bulbs just
before they begin to grow.

They require large pots and moderate heat, excess
soon killing them.

In England they have been grown to great perfection
under the shade of vines in a grapery, single plants hav-
ing produced sixty flowers. They are very showy plants,
but wholly wanting in delicacy and grace.

Ansellia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

A. Ansellia africana. Sierra Leone. Pax. Mag., 13, 241.

B. R., 1846, 30.
B. M., 4965.

A fine plant, growing three feet high. The flowers
proceed from the top of the bulb, with sixty or seventy
flowers on a spike.

The plant blooms in January, and keeps in perfection
for months ; it is one of the finest plants for winter
blooming.

It requires the heat of the East Indian house, and may
be grown on wood, but is far better grown in a large
pot in rough peat with good drainage ; the roots should
be well watered two or three times a week, but the young
shoots should not be wet. Propagated by dividing the
bulbs after they have finished their growth. The color
of the flowers is pale yellow, with deep purple spots. A.
africana gigantea is a fine variety.

Ansellia lutea. Natal.

A variety with light yellow flowers, of more delicate
habit, sometimes called A. natalensis.



1 62 ORCHIDS.

Aporum. Blume. Epiphyte.

Name from air6pv, a running shoot, referring to the growth of the
plant.

The following are the species, which possess little to
recommend them :

Aporum anceps. Manilla B. R., 1259.

SYN. Dendrobium anceps. B. M., 3608.

Lodd. Cab., 1895.

Aporum indivisum. Java. A. lobatum. Java.
A. incrassatum. Java. A. Serra. Singapore.

A. leonis. Lind. A. sinuatum. Lind.

Arachnis. Blume. Epiphyte.

Name from Arachne, who was turned into a spider.

B. Arachnis moschifera.

Is a rare and peculiar plant, resembling in growth
a Renanthera. The flowers are large, creamy white or
lemon, and resemble a spider; they have a delicate
musky odor, and continue long in perfection. The old
spike continues to produce flowers from the point for
a long time. Native of Java.

This plant should be potted in peat and sphagnum, with
good drainage, but is best grown in a basket, and also
does well on a block.

Arpophyllum. La Llave. Epiphyte.

Name from aptrfj, a scimeter, and $v\Xov, a leaf.
B. Arpophyllum cardinale. Guatemala. . . Pes., 45.

SYN. Ccslia squarrosa.

A very pretty species, with spikes of rosy flowers, with
deep red lip. Flowers in summer.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 163

B. Arpophyllum giganteum. Mexico and

Guatemala. War. Orch., 39.

Flowers in compact spikes, from the top of the bulbs ;
dark purple and rose, resembling little shells. The
foliage is drooping, dark evergreen.

We have found this plant difficult to bloom. It is a
free grower ; its blooming season is spring.

C. Arpophyllum spicatum. Mexico . . . B. M., 6022.
Flowers dark red on an upright spike in winter.

Arpophyllum squarrosum = Arpophyllum cardinale.

These plants are all of easy culture in the Mexican
house. They should be grown in pots, in peaty loam,
and require frequent watering.

All are graceful in growth, and the pretty flowers last
long in perfection. Propagated easily by division. They
need generous culture, as the bulbs do not flower unless
large.

Arundina. Blume. Terrestrial.

Name from arundo, a reed.

C. Arundina bambusifolia. Nepaul ; Chittagong.
SYNS. Cymbidium bambusifolia.

Bktia graminifolia.
Flowers delicate rose with rich crimson purple lip.

C. Arundina densa. Singapore . . B. R., 1842, 38.

Perianth rose with brown lip striped with yellow, of an
agreeable perfume.

This species should always have a moist atmosphere.



164 ORCHIDS.

These plants should be grown in pots, in the East
Indian house, with plenty of heat and moisture.

Aspasia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

From ao-Trafouat, to cling to.

C. Aspasia epidendroides. Colombia . . Fl. Cab., 8.
SYN. Aspasia fragrans. B. M., 3962.

The sepals are yellow and brown, the petals light pur-
ple blending in the green of the outside, the lip white
with purple in the centre.

This species needs little heat, and should have plenty
of air.

B. Aspasia lunata. Rio Janeiro. Lindley. B. R., 1844, 49.

SYN. Aspasia odorata. Reich. Xen., 34.

Perianth greenish yellow with dots of vivid yellow barred
with dark brown, lip white with a crescent violet spot in
the middle.

Aspasia lunata superba is a fine variety.

C. Aspasia variegata. Panama . . . . B. R., 1907.

B. M., 3679.

Flowers greenish, variegated with dark brown : lip
white tinted with rose with a deep purple spot. Very
fragrant in the morning.

The plants should be grown in baskets or on wood
with plenty of moss. They also succeed in well drained
pots, are all of easy culture, and bloom freely.

Auliza.
Auliza ciliare is Epidendrum dliare.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 1 6$

B.

Barkeria. Knowles and Wescott. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to George Barker.
A. Barkeria elegans. Mexico . . . Pes., 10.

B. M., 4784.
I. H, 23.
Fl. Cab., 49.
Fl. des Ser., 959.

Perianth delicate lilac rose ; lip horn-shaped, white
ground with purple spots, violet at the base, marked with
golden yellow.

A rare plant, of difficult culture.

A. Barkeria Lindleyana. Costa Rica. Bat, 28.

B. R., 1842, 5.
Pax. Mag., 13, 193.
B. M., 6098, as Ep-

idendrum.
Jen. Orch., 14.

Flowers rich purple with a blotch of white in the centre
of the lip. Blooms in September and October, lasting a
long time in good condition.

A. Barkeria melanocaulon. Costa Rica.

Flowers lilac pink, with a spot of green in the centre -,
blooms from June to September, continuing long in per-
fection.

A. Barkeria Skinnerii. Guatemala . Pax. Mag., 15, i.

SYNS. Epidendrum Skinneri. B. M., 4094. 3951.

Epidendrum clavatum. B. R., 1870, 1881.



1 66 ORCHIDS.

Flowers deep rose, produced from November to Feb-
ruary, on a spike one and a half feet long.

This plant is usually known as a Barkeria, but is clearly
an Epidendrum, since " the column is wingless and adnate
to the labellum."

A. Barkeria Skinnerii superba. Venezuela.

Fl. Mag., 185.

War. Orch., 38.

A very fine variety, stronger in growth, with a longer
spike, sometimes branched, and more brilliant flowers.

A. Barkeria spectabilis. Guatemala. Bat, 33.

B. M., 4094.
Pax. Mag., 10, 169.
Fl. des Ser., 124.

Flowers brilliant rosy lilac dotted with deep crimson,
lip white at base. Blooms in June and July, lasting three
or four weeks in perfection.

There is a wonderful variety in imported plants of this
species, scarce two being exactly alike, and all beautiful.

These plants lose their leaves during the resting sea-
son. The flowers appear from the top of the slender
bulbs, on many flowered peduncles. They are best grown
on flat blocks without any moss, the fleshy roots clinging
to the block ; keep in the Mexican house, and give plenty
of air during the growing season, and water once or twice
a day ; during the resting season give water only once or
twice a week. Grow them near the glass in plenty of
light and air, but little sun. All are very free bloomers.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. \6f

Batemania. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to James Bateman.

C. Batemania Beaumontii. Para.

A dwarf-growing plant, with light green foliage, flowers
large, light green marked with brown. Known also as
Gakottia, which see.

A. Batemania Burtii. Costa Rica . B. M., 6003.

Fl. Mag., 2, 101.

War. Orch., 2, 35.

A very showy and rare plant, closely allied to Bate-
mania meleagris. It is a magnificent Orchid, both in lux-
uriance of foliage and beauty of flower. Sepals and
petals reddish brown with yellow spots and bases; lip
white and brownish purple, with curious ciliated appen-
dage. Flowers three inches in diameter on single stems.

C. Batemania Colleyi. Demerara . . . B. M., 3818.

B. R., 1714.

Flowers purple inside, dashed with green on the out-
side j the lip is white marked with purple and red.

B. Batemania grandiflora. New Granada.

B. M., 5567.

Bat 2d Cen., 172.

A very pretty species. The flower-spike comes up with
the young growth, bearing several green and brown flow-
ers, with a white lip with orange base.

A. Batemania meleagris. Brazil . . Reich. Xen., i, 66.

Maund, Bot, 3, 146.
B. R., 1839, J 4-



1 68 ORCHIDS.

A very showy species, with large yellow and brown
flowers in summer. Lip white rayed with reddish purple.
Generally known as Huntleya meleagris.

There are about half a dozen species of this genus, all
with radical light green leaves and showy flowers. They
should be grown in pots in sphagnum, with good drainage
and plenty of water in the growing season.

The intermediate house is the best place for them. As
they have no pseudo-bulbs, they must not become dry,
but care must be taken not to overwater when they are at
rest.

Bifrenaria. Lindley. Epiphyte.

From bis, double, and frenum, a bridle.

C. Bifrenaria atropurpurea. Rio Janeiro.

SYN. Maxillaria atropurpurea. B. C., 1877.

Lodd. Cab., 1877.
Flowers dark purple, of a pleasant fragrance.

C. Bifrenaria aurantiaca. Demerara . . B. M., 3597.

B. R,, 1875.
Flowers yellowish-orange, marked with brown.

C. Bifrenaria aureo fulva. Brazil . . . B. M., 3629.
SYN. Maxillaria stenopetala and aureo B. R., 1875.
fulva. Fl. Cab., 83.

Flowers large, orange, with bronze lustre.

A. Bifrenaria Hadwenii. Rio Janeiro. Fl. des Ser., 731.

B. M., 4629.
Lem. Jard., 232.
Perianth green, marked with deep brown ; the lip white,



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 169

beautifully lighted with deepest rose. Known, also, and
correctly, as Scuticaria.

Bifrenaria Harrisonics. See Maxillaria Harrisonia.

C. Bifrenaria inodora. Brazil . . . Reich. Xen., 94.
Flowers large green, with bright violet lip.

R. Bifrenaria racemosa. Brazil . . Lodd. Cab., 1318.
SYN. Maxillaria racemosa. B. R., 1566.

B. M., 2789.
Flowers small, yellowish-green, crimson lip.

R. Bifrenaria vitellina. Brazil . . . B. R., 1839, 12.

SYN. Maxillaria vitellina.

Small, deep yellow flowers ; the lip has a brown spot in
the centre.

These plants are grown in pots like Maxillaria, to
which family they are closely allied, and to which they
were formerly given.

Some of the species, however, do well on blocks or in
baskets. They require moderate heat and watering, and
not full sun-light.



Bletia. Ruiz and Pavon. Terrestrial.

Dedicated to Louis Blet.

C. Bletia acutipetala. Carolina .... B. M., 3217.
Flowers pale rose ; lip purplish rose, yellowish at the
base. Sometimes considered the same as Bletia verc-
cunda.



1^0 ORCHIDS.

B. Bletia campanulata. Mexico ; Peru.

Flowers deep purple, white centre. Blooms at different
seasons, lasting a long time in perfection.

C. Bletia coccinea. Mexico.
Flowers deep red.

C. Bletia florida. Trinidad B. R., 1401.

SYNS. Cymbidium floridum.
Gyas florida.

Bletia pallida. Lodd. Cab., 629.
Flowers pale flesh color ; lip white, striped with yellow.

R. Bletia gracilis. Mexico .... Lodd. Cab., 1977.

B. R., 1681.

The perianth is yellowish brown ; the lip flesh-color
veined with crimson on the upper part ; the other parts
of the flower green.

R. Bletia Guincensis. Sierra Leone.
Flowers small purple.

R. Bletia Havanensis.
Flowers apricot color.

B. Bletia hyacinthina. China ... Lodd. Cab., 1968.
SYNS. Limodorum striatum. B. M., 1492.

Epidendrum striatum. Sert. Bot., 7.

Cymbidium striatum.
Cymbidium hyacinthinum.
Gyas humilis.

The flowers are beautiful rose purple, shading to lilac ;
the lip pale red, marked with deep crimson.

This species should be grown in the greenhouse.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. \J\

Bletia hyadnthina albo striata. Japan.

This variety is like the species, except that all the
nerves are white, which makes a pretty variegation.

B. Bletia Parkinsonii. Mexico . . . . B. M., 3736.
Flowers small, rosy ; lip marked with red and yellow.

C. Bletia patula. St. Domingo .... B. M., 3518.
Flowers dark purple, with white lip. Blooms in March

and April.

C. Bletia Shepherdii. Jamaica . . B. M., 3319. *

Pax. Mag., 2, 146-

Flowers purple, with yellow marking down the centre.
Blooms in winter, on a long spike, which keeps in perfec-
tion three or four weeks.

B. Bletia Sherrattiana. New Granada . B. M., 5646.
A very pretty species, with large rose-colored flowers.

Bletia TankervillicK. See Phajus grandifolins.

C. Bletia verectmda. West Indies . . B. M., 930.

SYNS. Limodorum altum. B. M., 116.

Limodorum verecundum. Pax. Mag., 146-

Limodorum tuberosum.
Limodorum trifidum.
Limodorum purpureum.
Cymbidium verecundum.
Cymbidium altum.
Gyas verecunda.

Sepals rose, petals purple, lip purple with yellow rays
and stripes.

Bletia Woodfordii. See Phajus maculatus. B. M., 2719.



ORCHIDS.

These plants are easily grown if kept from frost. The
foliage, which is long and narrow, proceeding from round
flat bulbs, is deciduous. They should be grown in loam
and leaf-mould, with good drainage. They need plenty
of water when growing, and not much heat, and during
the resting season very little moisture. Give a long rest.

In potting, it is best to plant several tubers in a pot, as
thus they make more show when in bloom.

Bolbophyllum. Du Petit Thotiars. Epiphyte.

Name from /3oA;8os, a bulb, and <j>v\\ov, a leaf.

C. Bolbophyllum barbigerum. Sierra Leone. B. M., 5288.

A dwarf species, with greenish brown flowers, the lip

covered with dark hair, so loosely attached at base as to

move by the slightest breath ; remains long in perfection.

B. Bolbophyllum Henshallii. Java . Card. Mag., 269.
Flowers large, solitary, deep yellow, marked with purple
and spotted. Bloom in summer, lasting long in beauty.
Known also as Bolbophyllum Lobbii and Sarcopodium
Lobbii.

B. Bolbophyllum maculatum. East Indies.

A pretty species, of easy culture, with spotted flowers.

Bolbophyllum reticulatum. Borneo. . Bat. 2d Cen., 190.

B. M., 5605.

Flowers in pairs, white, with purple stripes ; lip spotted
with purple. A pretty plant, and the best of the genus.

C. Bolbophyllum saltatorium. Africa . . B. R., 1970.
Flowers greenish brown, produced at different seasons.

Bolbophyllum Siamense. Siam.

Flowers pale yellow, striped with purple.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 1.73

These plants are small, and usually more curious than
beautiful. They are grown on small blocks with a little
moss, or in pots, in the warmest parts of the house j
they need much heat and moisture. The following are
species :

Bolbophyllum apiferum, bicolor, bracteolatum, calamaria
(B. M., 4088), Careyamim (B. M., 4166), cupreum, cocrin-
eum (B. R., 1964), cylindricum, Dayanum (B. M., 6119),
flavidum^ leopardinum, lemniscatum (B. M., 5961), re-
curvum, setigerum^ sordidum.

Bollea. Reichenbach. Epiphyte.

This new genus contains only two species, Bollea Pa-
tint (Fl. Mag., 2, 147) and Bollea Lalindei. Both are na-
tives of New Granada, and are showy plants, with radi-
cal foliage, from the base of which the flowers proceed,
drooping, on single stalks.

They are pink, with deeper shading, and bright yellow
lip, somewhat resembling a Huntleya in shape.

They require to be grown in the intermediate house, in
pots, somewhat elevated above the rim, that the flowers
may show to advantage, in moss ; never to dry up, but
not to be over-watered.

Bollea violacea. See Huntleya violacea.

Brasavola. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Indicated to Antonio M. Brasavolas.
B. Brasavola acaulis. Central America.

A species with rush-like foliage, and large creamy
white flowers in autumn ; a compact growing and desira-
ble plant.



ORCHIDS.



C. Brasavola cucullata. West Indies . R. Brown.

SYN. Epidendrum cucullatum. B. M., 15, 543.

Cymbidium cucullatum (Schwartz).
Flowers ochre-yellow, with white lip, very fragrant.

A. Brasavola Digbyana. Honduras . B. M., 4474.

B. R., 1846, 53.
Fl. des Ser., 237.

A species much resembling a Cattleya in habit.
Flowers white, six to seven inches across ; lip white,
streaked with purple, and beautifully fringed ; solitary ;
produced from top of bulb during the winter ; exhaling a
delicious perfume.

Brasavola Gibbsiana.

A rare plant, described by Williams. Spikes three-
flowered ; leaves broad and thick ; flowers large, white,
spotted with chocolate.

B. Brasavola glauca. Mexico . . . B. M., 4033.

B. R., 1840, 44.
Bat, 1 6.

Flowers pale green, with large white lip, with pink
mark on upper part ; very fragrant. Care should be
taken not to water the flower-stalk before the appearance
of the bud, as it is easily injured.
Blooms in February and March.

Brasavola lineata. Guatemala . . . . * B. M., 4734.
A plant with long pendulous terete foliage; flowers
large ; sepals and petals creamy white ; lip pure white \
fragrant at night. Grow on a block with moss.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST.



175



C. Brasavola nodosa. Jamaica . . . . B. M., 3229.
SYNS. Epidendrum nodosum (Lin.). B. R., 1465.
Cymbidium nodosum (Schwartz).

Flowers large ; petals and sepals yellowish white ; lip
snow white very fragrant.

A very common species, often sent from Jamaica.
When the plant is large it is very showy.

C. Brasavola venosa. Honduras . . B. M., 4021.

B. R., 1840, 39.
Flower greenish ; lip white ; very fragrant.

The following varieties, though less showy than those
enumerated, produce pretty, fragrant flowers :
Brasavola angustata.
B. cordata. B. R., 1914; B. M., 3782.
B. cuspidata. B. M., 3722.
B. elegans. B. M., 3098.
B.fragrans. I. H., 180.
B. Martiana. B. R., 25, 5.
B. Perrinii. B. R., 1564. ; B. M., 5761.
B. subulifolia.
B. tuberculata. B. M., 2878.

These plants may be grown in baskets, but do best on
blocks, with a little moss.

They should be grown in the warmest house, and are
very ornamental when the plants are strong enough to
produce plenty of flowers.



ORCHIDS.



Brassia. Brown. Epiphyte.

Named for Brass, a botanist.

C. Brassia brachiata. Guatemala . . B. R., 1847, 29.
SYNS. Brassia Wrayce . . . . M. O. P., 2.

Onddium Wraycz .... Pes., 31.
The sepals and petals are very long and narrow, green-
ish yellow, with brown spots ; the lip is large, yellow^
marked with green. Flowers from May to August.

C. Brassia caudata. West Indies . . B. R., 832.
SYNS. Epidendrum caudatum (Linn.). B. M., 3451.
Malaxis caudata (Willd). Sert. Bot., 7.

Hook. Ex., 179.

Flowers green, petals longer than the sepals, often
reaching five or six inches; lip yellow, spotted with
brown.

Brassia Gireondiana. Costa Rica . Reich. Xen., i, 32.
A pretty species, producing spikes of large bright yel-
low flowers, spotted with red.

C. Brassia Lanceana. Demerara . B. M., 3577, 3794.

B. R., 1754.

Flowers greenish yellow, marked with brown ; very
fragrant ; grow in the warmest house.

B. Brassia Lawrentiana. Jamaica . B. M., 5748.

M. O. P., i.

B. R., 1841, 18.

A fine fragrant Orchid, blooming from June to August.
Flower yellow and green, spotted with brown ; the lip
yellow, shading to white at the base. There are many
varieties of this handsome species.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 177

C. Brassia macro stachia. Jamaica . . . Sert. O., 6.
Flowers clear yellow, delicately marked with brown;
lip chocolate.

C. Brassia maculata. Jamaica . . . Pax. Mag., 6, 5.

B. M., 1691.

Perianth greenish yellow, marked with reddish brown ;
lip white, marked with purple. Flowers in May and
June.

C. Brassia odorata. Guiana.

Flowers green, delicately marked with brown ; lip white,
dotted with green ; very fragrant.

B. Brassia verrucosa. Mexico Bat., 22.

Upper part of flowers pale green ; lip white, marked
with green warts.

Blooms in May and June.

A variety, major, has larger and lighter-colored flowers.

Brassia Wrayce. See Brassia brachiata . B. M., 4003.

The following are species :

Brassia angusta. B. Henchmani.

B. bidens. B. Hendersoni.

B. cochleata B.peruviana.

B. guttata.

These plants should be. grown in pots or baskets ; in
the latter the long flower-stalks show to greatest advan-
tage.

Soil, rough fibrous peat, with good drainage ; may be
grown in the stove or the cooler house. In the growing

12



1 78 ORCHIDS.

season water freely, but at other times only give enough
moisture to keep the bulbs from shriveling.

Propagated by dividing the plants when they begin to
grow.

Bromheadia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

In honor of Sir Edward F. Bromhead.

C. Bromheadia palustris. Sumatra . . B. R., 30, 18.

B. M., 4001.

Flowers dull white; lip pale yellow and 'violet, purple
tipped.

Grow in pots, in moss ; East Indian house.

Broughtonia. Broivn. Epiphyte.

In honor of the botanist Broughton.

Broughtonia liladna of Gard. Mag., 201, and Lem. Jard.,
is Laliopsis domingensis.

A. Broughtonia sanguinea. Jamaica . Lodd. Cab., 793.
SYNS. Satyricum parasiticum B. M., 3076.
(Brown). B. M., 3536.

Broughtonia focdnea.
Dendrobium sanguineum (Schwartz).
Epidendrum sanguineum (Schwartz).

Flowers crimson. The flowers are produced from the
top of the bulb, during the summer, and last long in per-
fection. Propagated by division.

These plants should be grown on blocks with a little
moss, and plenty of light and sun. It is a lovely plant,
which is too little grown.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 179

Burlingtonia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to the Countess of Burlington.
Burlingtonia Batemanii. Brazil.

A handsome species, with drooping spikes of flowers
which are white with a beautiful mauve lip.

Burlingtonia Candida. Demerara . . . B. R., 1927-29.

Fl. Mag., 548.

Flowers in long pendulous racemes, like a Bignonia
in shape, snow white; lip touched with yellow, with a
charming citron-like fragrance. Flowers freely twice a
year. The roots of this species should never be allowed
to get dry. Perhaps identical with Burlingtonia fra-
grans.

B. Burlingtonia decora. Brazil . . B. M., 5419, var.

B. M., 4834.

Bat. 2d Cen., no.

Lem. Jard., 188.

Fl. des Ser., 716.

Flowers pink, spotted with crimson, in erect racemes.
A pretty plant.

A. Burlingtonia fragrans. Rio Janeiro. B. R., 1927, 1929.
Flowers large, snow white ; lip white with a golden yel-
low line in the centre. Blooms in June and July ; very
fragrant, scented like jonquils.

B. Burlingtonia Knowlesii.

Resembles Burlingtonia venusta in habit ; flowers white
in long racemes, tinged with pinkish lilac. Blooms in the
autumn, continuing a long time in perfection.



180 ORCHIDS.

B. Burlingtonia maculata . . . . M. O. P., i.

B. R., 1839, 44-

A fine species, throwing a flower-stalk with fifteen to
twenty flowers of delicate yellow marked with dark brown.
There are varieties with upright and with slender droop-
ing flower-stalks.

B. Burlingtonia rigida. Brazil . . Pax. Mag., 8, 193.

Sert. O., 36.
Fl. des Ser., i, 2.

Flowers in a bunch at the end of the stalk ; white, veined
with purple j lip white, fragrant.

C. Burlingtonia rubescens. Peru.
Flowers white, marked with rose.

C. Burlingtonia venusta. Bahia .... I. H., 188.

Sert. O., 2.

The flowers much resemble Burlingtonia fragrans, but
are smaller and without fragrance.

The plants of this genus are all small, of compact
growth, with beautiful evergreen foliage. They should
be grown in baskets with sphagnous moss and pot-
sherds, and a good supply of heat and moisture while
growing ; they also succeed well on blocks with a little
moss.

Burlingtonia maculata should be grown in a pot. They
require but little rest, and should not be allowed to get
dry at the root. Propagated by division.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. l8l



c.

Calanthe. Brown. Terrestrial.

Name from Ka\6s, beautiful, and &v8os, a flower.
B. Calanthe bicolor. Java.

Flowers brilliant yellow inside, orange red outside.

B. Calanthe curculigoides. Malacca ; Singapore.

B. R., 1847-8.
B. M., 6104.

A rare and beautiful species. Flowers on a large, long
spike, bright orange. Foliage dark green, plaited. Grow


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 10 of 25)