Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

. (page 12 of 25)
Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 12 of 25)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


bulbs. Flowers in mid-winter, opening pale pink, but
deepening daily in color ; lip variegated with deep crim-
son net-work, yellow at base. There are varieties called
alba and violacea, which only differ in shades of color.

A. Cattleya Mendeli. New Granada . . F. M., 2, 32.
A very rare species. Flowers large ; sepals and petals
lavender blue; lip deep brownish crimson and yellow.
Probably allied to Cattleya Triance.

A. Cattleya Mossice. La Guayra . . . B. R., 1840, 58.

B. M, 3669.



2O2 ORCHIDS.

Flower lilac-rose ; lip richly marked with yellow and
purple. This is a magnificent species, the flowers often
being five to eight inches across, and produced three
or four on a spike. Blooms from March to August.

This species is nearly allied to Cattleya labiata, the
chief distinction being in the markings of the lip, the lip
of labiata being comparatively plain.

In a collection scarce two plants will bear flowers
alike, and there is great opportunity for selection, yet the
poorest are splendid flowers.

In our own collection we could name almost as many
varieties as there are plants, but it seems useless to mul-
tiply names, and for the same reason we refrain from de-
scribing the many varieties which appear in European
catalogues. All are worth growing, and the number to
grow must only be limited by the space which can be
given them. By a little care they may be in bloom from
May to August, and as the flowers last in perfection six
weeks a splendid show may be maintained. They do
well removed to the parlor when in bloom, and fill the
whole house with their exquisite fragrance.

Cattleya Perrinii. B. R., 24, 2.

See LceZia Perrinii.

Cattleya Pinelli. SYN. of Cattleya pumila.

A. Cattleya pumila. Rio Janeiro . B. R., 30, 5.
SYN. Lalia pumila. B. M., 3656.

War. Orch., 2, 32,

as Lcelia.

Perianth rosy lilac ; lip lilac-rose, with rich purple-violet
spot.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 203

A dwarf species, resembling Cattleya marginatd; the
flowers are very large in proportion to the size of the
plant Grow on a block. A very free bloomer, and a
charmingly beautiful plant.

Cattleya pumila major. SYN. of Lcelia prcestans

A. Cattleya quadricolor. New Granada. B. M., 5504

Bat. 2d Cen., 108.
I. H, 514.

A beautiful plant with long, narrow pseudo-bulbs, pro-
ducing its flowers on the young growth, in early summer
sepals and petals rosy white ; lip curled, crimson, edged
with white, and yellow centre.

Cattleya Quindos. See Cattleya maxima.

A. Cattleya quinquecolor F. M., 511.

A hybrid between Cattleya Forbesii and Acklandia. Se-
pals and petals light olive-green, spotted with brown and
chocolate ; lip white, with large yellow blotch, veined with
rose.

Cattleya Regnellii. SYN. of Cattleya Schilleriana.
Cattleya Ruckerii. See Cattleya Triance.
Cattleya Russelliana. See Cattleya guttata.

A. Cattleya Schilleriana. Brazil . . . B. M., 5150.

Jen. Orch., 25-.

A species with the growth of Cattleya Acklandia, and
the flowers of Cattleya guttata, and a handsomer plant than
either. Foliage marbled with black; flowers deep rosy
mahogany color; lip with darker stripes and shadinga



2O4 ORCHIDS.

edged with pink. Blooms in summer from the young
growth.

A. Cattleya Schilleriana Regnellii. Brazil.

War. Orch., 2, 22.

A very fine variety with olive-green flowers, spotted
with purple ; lip amethyst shaded with purple and bor-
dered with white ; base yellow. Blooms twice a year, in
June and September. Should be grown on a block and
kept warm and shaded.

Cattleya Schomburgkii. SYN. of Cattleya superba.

A. Cattleya Sedeniana.

A garden hybrid between Cattleya crispa and Cattleya
granulosa. A plant of tall habit, with large, handsome
flowers. Sepals and petals light-rose, shaded with green ;
lip white margin, purple centre, with dark veins.

A. Cattleya Skinnerii. Guatemala . B. M., 4270.

Pax. Mag., n, 193.

Bat., 13.

B. M., 4916.

Flowers violet-rose with crimson lip ; white centre ;
very large. A fine and easily grown variety, blooming in
March, April, and May. If well grown there are often
twelve flowers on the spike. One of the best of the
Cattleyas for general culture.

A. Cattleya speciosissima. Caracas.
SYNS. Cattleya Bassettii.
C. Luddemaniana.

Evidently a form of Cattleya labiata. Flowers large,
rosy white ; lip amethyst.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 20$

A. Cattleya spetiosissima Lowii. Venezuela.

A very fine variety with large lip with white markings
and lines of yellow.

A. Cattleya superba. Eng. Guiana . Pax. Mag., 9, 265.
SYN. Cattleya Schomburgkii. Sert. O., 22.

B. M., 4083.
War. Orch., 24.
Fl. des Sen, 926.

Flowers deep rose, with rich crimson lip. A beautiful
but slow-growing species, blooming in June and July.

This species requires more heat than the other Cat-
tleyas. It should never surfer for want of water.

A. Cattleya superba splendens. Rio Negro . I. H., 605.
A magnificent variety, with larger flowers. Sepals and
petals bright rose ; lip, base white, violet rose, with golden
lines.

A. Cattleya Triance. New Granada.

A beautiful winter-blooming Cattleya, of which there
are a vast number of varieties, all good. The type has
white sepals and petals, which do not expand fully ;
lip white, with yellow throat more or less suffused with
blush ; flower delightfully fragrant ; blooms from Decem-
ber to February, the flowers lasting four weeks, if kep*
from damp. Fine varieties are figured in the Floral Mag-
azine, 2d series, pi. 66 and 176.

A. Cattleya Triana Daisy.

A very fine variety, superior to any we have seen. The
plant was sent us by Messrs. Low, in the large mass as
just imported, it not having flowered in England.



2O6 ORCHIDS.

The growth resembles the strongest varieties of Cattkya
Mossier., but the foliage is broader, more massive, and of a
darker green.

The flowers measure more than five inches in diam-
eter, are produced three on a spike, and are of great
substance ; petals rosy white, beautifully crimped, sepals
white, with lavender tinge, both expanding fully ; lip very
large, throat bright orange shading through rose to white
and tipped with amethyst, and crimped ; flowers very fra-
grant.

The only plant is in the Glen Ridge collection.

A. Cattkya vehitina. Brazil.

A rare species, resembling Cattkya bicolor in growth,
with pale orange fragrant flowers; lip velvety, orange

streaked with violet.



Cattkya Wagneri Reich. Xen., 13.

A very rare species, with large flowers resembling Cat-
tkya Mossift. Sepals and petals white ; lip white with
rich yellow centre.

Cattkya Walker iana. See Cattkya bulbosa.

Cattkya Warneri. Brazil F. M., 516.

War. Orch., 8.

A species resembling Cattkya labiata in growth. Scapes
three to five flowered; blossoms six inches across; sepals
and petals mauve, clouded with rose, and fringed.; lip
orange yellow, at base rosy crimson.

Cattkya Warscewiczii Reich, Xen., 3, i;

War. Orch., 4.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2O/

This plant, and its varieties delicata and superba, seem
to be only varieties of Cattleya Triance, which, as we have
before remarked, sports into innumerable forms.

The flowers vary greatly in color, much in form, and
the plants somewhat in habit. They are all winter bloom-
ing, and it is only a question of preference whether to
regard Cattleya Warscewiczii as a variety of Cattleya
Triance, or vice versa.

Be this as it may, we cannot have too many of these
charming plants, and the variety the several specimens
exhibit will prove a constant source of pleasure.

This genus of Orchids are general favorites ; they com-
bine elegance of form and color and agreeable fragrance
with easy culture and profusion of flowers. Most of the
species should be grown in pots, with good drainage, in
peat and moss. The plants should always be elevated
above the rim of the pot. Cattleya marginata, bulbosa
ritrina, Regnelli, and pumila should be grown on blocks
with moss, or in baskets. All the species, except Cattleya
citrina and granulosa, should be grown in the East Indian
house, with a good supply of heat, but not too much
water while they are growing. Water at the roots once
or twice a week will be sufficient for those in the most
vigorous growth, and water should never rest on the
foliage. Too much water causes the bulbs to rot. As
long as the soil is moist, no water is required ; when it
becomes dry, water the soil, not the bulbs.

As soon as the plants have made their growth, they
should have a long season of rest, during which they
should be kept cool, rather dry, with just water enough to
prevent them from shriveling. Cattleyas generally make



208 ORCHIDS.

their growth after flowering, but Cattleya bulbosa and
C. superba flower while making their growth. The plants
preserve their flowers in perfection for many weeks, if
kept in a cool, dry house. Propagated by division. The
foliage of Cattleyas should be frequently sponged, to re-
move any dust, and care should be taken to remove scale,
to which the plants are subject. The plants should never
be syringed.

Ceratochilus.
An old name of Stanhopea.

Cheirostylis.

A genus to which Ancectochilus Lowii and Lobbii are
sometimes referred.

Chrysobaphus.

Chrysobaphus Roxburghii is Ancectochilus setaceus.

Chysis. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from xv ffts > a stream, or anything melted.

A. Chysis aurea. Venezuela B. R., 1937.

B. M., 3617.

Flower white, lined with yellow, marked with crimson.
Blooms at different seasons, and often twice a year.

C. Chysis aurea maculata. Colombia. B. M., 4576.

Fl. des Ser., 671.

Lem. Jard., 121.

Petals and sepals golden yellow, with a large orange-
red spot \ lip white, with violet rays. A very beautiful
and well marked variety.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 209

A. Chysis bractescens. Oaxaca . . . B. M., 5186.

Fl. des Ser., 675.

B. R., 1841, 23.

Bat. 2d Cen., 138.

Flowers large, white, with large blotch of yellow on the
lip j very fragrant. Blooms in April and May. A beauti-
ful and free-flowering species, of easy culture.

A. Chysis Iczvis. Oaxaca .... I. H., 365.

Bat, 31.

War. Orch., 2, 14.

Flowers cream-color, with yellow on the lip ; produced
from base of young growths, on long pendulous spikes.
The finest of the genus, and a very rare plant.

A. Chysis Limminghei. Tobasco . . I. H., 240.

B. M., 5265.
War. Orch., 34.

Petals white, heavily tipped with pink ; lip beautifully
marked with carmine and yellow, flower large. This may
be considered a variety of Chysis aurea.

The flowers appear with the young growth in spring,
and, while not as large and showy as in other species, are
charmingly pretty.

Chysis undulata.

A rare species ; flowers orange yellow, with cream-
colored lip lined with pink.

These plants are deciduous, losing their leaves during
the resting season. The flowers are produced with the
young growth. They should have a liberal supply of heat
14



2IO ORCHIDS.

and moisture during the growing season, but very little of
either when at rest.

They may be grown in pots, with peat, moss, and pot-
sherds, and with" good drainage, or in baskets, in same
material, or on blocks with moss. Propagated by divis-
ion, just as the plants begin to grow. The swollen
pseudo-bulbs are curious.

Cirrhcea. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from cirrus, a ringlet or tendril.

B. Cirrhosa atropurpurea. Rio Janeiro.
Flower purple, with richer purple lip.

C. Cirrh&a Loddigesii. Brazil B. R., 1538.

Flower greenish yellow; sepals marked with red; lip

sharp and long, green, marked with red.

C. Cirrhcea picta. Rio Janeiro.

Flower clear yellow, marked with brown ; lip greenish,
marked with red.

The flowers of these plants resemble insects. They
are of easy culture, very floriferous, and should be in
every collection. Treat like Acropera. The following are
species :

Cirrhcea fusco lutea. B. M., C. rubro purpurea.

3726. C. saccata.

C. bractescens. SYN. C. fusco httea.

C. immaculata. C tristis. B. R., 1889.

C. lavis. C. mridis-purpurea. Lodd.

C. obtusata. B. R., 2005. Cab., 1967.

C.pallida. C.Warreana. Lodd. Cab., 1999.
C. Russelliana.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 211

Cirrhopetalum. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from KippSs, tawny, and ireraXov, a petal.



C. Cirrhopetalum auratum. Singapore. B. R., 1843, 61.

M. O. P., 4.

The flowers are fan -shaped, yellow ground, marked with
crimson; the upper sepal and the petals are drawn out
into golden hairs j the lateral sepals are slightly marked
with purple.

C. Cirrhopetalum chinense. Manilla . . M. O. P., 2.

B. R., 29, 49.

The upper sepal and the petals are purple, the lateral
sepals greenish yellow. The flowers are the largest of
the species. One of the lobes resembles a chin, and has
a tongue which is in perpetual motion.

B. Cirrhopetalum Cumingii. Philippines . B. M., 4996.
A pretty species ; flowers in regular circles ; sepals
large, rich red.

B. Cirrhopetalum Medusa. Singapore. M. O. P., i.

B. R., 1842, 12.

B. M., 4077.

Bat. 2d Cen., 148.

The sepals and petals are prolonged into long hairs,
which give the flower the appearance of a head with the
hair hanging down. The interior of the flower is marked
with violet.

"* This is a very curious plant. How the slender hair-
like sepals untwist themselves from the bud is a mystery.
It is easily grown, and keot in the hottest part of the



212 ORCHIDS.

house, and never allowed to dry up, our plants bloom
freely every January.

Cirrhopetalum Pahudii. Java.

SYN. Bolbophyllum Pahudii.

Flowers in an umbel, large, reddish brown, with bright
red dots.

C. Cirrhopetalum Thouarsii. Manilla.

SYNS. Bolbophyllum longiflorum. B. R., 24, n.

Cymbidium umbellatum. B. M., 4237.

Epidendrum umbellatum. M. O. P., 3.

Zygopetalum umbellatum.

The sepals are long ; the petals yellow, deeply marked
with red, serrate, and bordered with hairs.

The following are other species :
Cirrhopetalum auratum. C. Macrai. B. M., 4422.

B. R., 29, 61. C. nutans. B. M., 4418.

C. ccespitosum. C. picturatum.

C. candelabre. C. umbellatum.

C. cornutum. B. M., 4753. C. vaginatum.
C.fimbriatum. B. M., 4391. C. Wallichii.

These plants should be grown on blocks, or in pots,
with a little moss, in the East Indian house. They need
much heat and moisture in the growing season. All the
species are very curious, and as they are small-growing
and occupy but little room, a few should find place in
every collection. All are rather scarce plants.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST.



213



Cleisostoma. Blume. Epiphyte.

Name from /cAeior<fc, closed, and or^no, a mouth.

This genus is chiefly only interesting to the botanist,
though some of the species are pretty plants and of easy
culture. Cleisostoma Dawsonianus resembles a Renanthera.
The flowers are yellow and brown, on branching spikes.

Cleisostoma crassifoliwn (Pax. Fl. G., 99 ; Lem. Jard.,
397), and Cleisostoma ionosmum (B. R., 33, 41), are other
species.

All are natives of India, and are of easy culture, re-
quiring the same treatment as Aerides.

Ccelia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from /coiAoy, hollow.
C&lia asperata. See Ccelogyne Lowii.

B. C&tta macrostachia. Mexico . . B. M., 4712.

B. R., 1842, 36.

Lem. Jard., 423.

Fl. des Ser., 900.

Flowers small ; sepals lively rose outside ; petals white,
forming long points.

The plants should be grown in pots, well drained, in
peat, moss, and potsherds. They need but little heat
during the resting season, but a hot, moist atmosphere in
growth.

Ccelogyne. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from KO/AOS, hollow, and yvvf], a woman, or stigma.
Calogyne asperata. See Ccelogyne Lowii.



214 ORCHIDS.

B. C&togyne barbata. Bengal.

Flower white ; lip white, striped with yellow and deli-
cately tinted with violet at the base.

A. Coslogyne cristata. Nepaul . . . Pes., 25.

SYN. Cymbidium strictum. B. R., 1841, 57.

War. Orch., 35.
Jen. Orch., 7.
Fl. des Ser., 1807.

Flowers large, entirely white, with a blotch of yellow
on the lip ; produced on a drooping spike, six or eight
together, from the bottom of the bulb, from January to
March.

This is a magnificent species, which any one having a
greenhouse can grow. Of late years it has been grown
in great perfection, and it is as easy to have plants a foot
or more in diameter, producing hundreds of flowers, as it
is to grow verbenas. Give plenty of water when growing,
free circulation of warm air, and not too much heat 3 pot
in peaty loam.

There are varieties which differ only in intensity of
yellow on the lip.

This plant is one of the most beautiful of Orchids.

B. Ccehgyne Cumingii. Singapore. Fl. des Ser., 8, 764.

B. M., 4645.
B. R., 1840, 29.
M.O.P.,3.
Lem. Jard., 337.

Sepals and petals white ; lip bright yellow, divided by
three white ridges tipped with deep orange.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 215

B. Ccelogyne elata. Sylhet . . . B. M., 5001.

B. R., 1839, m - I 5 I
Flowers white, shaded with yellow.

C. Coelogyne fimbriata. China . . Lodd. Cab., 1425.

SYN. Broughtonia linearis. B. R., 868.

Flowers greenish yellow ; lip flesh-color, with two small
orange-yellow crests.

C. Cctlogyne fuliginosa. East Indies . . Lem. Jard., 7.

B. M., 4440.

.Flowers transparent, creamy white; lip richly marked
with deep brown, and ribbed.

B. Ccelogyne Gardneriana. East Indies. Pax. Mag., 6, 73.

G. and S., 41.

Flowers white, delicately tinted with yellow, produced
in winter, on a drooping spike. A very pretty species.

B. Ccelogyne Goweri. Assam.

A pretty and rare species ; flowers in pendulous ra-
cemes, white, with yellow blotch on the lip.

Ccelogyne hiimilis. See Pleione.

B. Ctzlogyne interrupta. East Indies.
Flowers entirely white.

Cozlogyne Lagenaria. See Pleione.

A. Ccelogyne Lowii. Borneo . . . Pes., 7.

Pax. Mag., 16, 225.

A large-growing species, blooming in summer ; flowers
ten or more, in long drooping racemes, very large, pale
yellow and chocolate. A very handsome plant.



2l6 ORCHIDS.

C&logyne maculata. See Pleione.

A. C&logyne media. Khasya.

A pretty, dwarf, winter-blooming species, with creamy
white flowers ; lip yellow and brown.

A. Calogyne odoratissima Wight, Ic., 1640.

B. M., 5462.

A dwarf species, producing pretty, white, fragrant flow-
ers in winter.

B. Calogyne ochracea. East Indies . M. O. P., 2.

B. R., 1846, 69.
B. M., 4661.
Lem. Jard., 342.
Bat. 2d Cen., 145.

Perianth brilliant yellow; lip whitish, with two deep
purple rays.

A. Ccelogyne pandurata. Borneo. . Reich. Xen., 121.

B. M., 5084.

Fl. des Ser., 2139.

Bat. 2d Cen., 160.

Flowers vivid green, marked with black. A very showy
plant, and very remarkable in color. Should be grown in
the hottest house.

Ccelogyne Parishii. Moulmein . . . . B. M., 5323.
A species much resembling the last, but smaller in all
its parts ; a very pretty plant, with curious pseudo-bulbs ;
flowers green and black.

Calogyne pracox. See Pleione.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2 1/

C&logyne Reichenbachiana. See Pleione.
Cxlogyne Schilleriana. See Pleione.

A. Caslogyne spedosa. Java . . . . M. O. P., 5.
SYNS. Chilonanthera spedosa. B. R., 1847, 2 3-

Angrcecum nervosum. B. M., 4889.

Perianth yellowish white ; lip grayish brown outside,
yellow inside. A very pretty, free blooming, and desirable
species.

Ccelogyne Wallichiana. See Pleione.
The following are desirable species :

Coslogyne tiliata.

C. corrugata. Wight, Ic., 5, 1639 ; B. M., 5601 ; Bat. 2d Cen.,

188.

C.fiacdda. B. R., 1841, 31 ; B. M., 3318.
C.fuscescens. B. M., 5494; Bat. 2d Cen., 104.
C. lentiginosa. B. M., 5958.
C. longicaulis.
C. nitida.

SYN. C. ocellata. B. M., 3707.
C. ovalis. B. R.
C. prolifera.
C. punctulata.
C. rigida.

C. testacea. B. M., 4785.
C. undulata.

These plants are evergreen (the deciduous species
being now known as Pleione}. The flowers appear with
the young growth.

They should be grown in well drained pots, with peat
and moss, in the East Indian house, with abundance of



2l8 ORCHIDS.

water during the growing season, but when at rest should
be placed in a cooler house with but little water.

Though but few species are generally grown, almost all
of the genus are desirable. The flowers last long in per-
fection, if kept from damp, and the plants are so easily
grown they should be in every collection. Of Ccelogyne
cristata, spetiosa, Gardneriana, and Lowii one can scarce
have too many. All species are propagated easily by
division.

Colax. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from /c<*Aa, a parasite.

A. Colax jugosus. Brazil Reich. Xen., 41.

B. M., 5661.
I. H, 3, 96.

A rare plant, with dark green foliage, and spikes of
two or more cream-colored and white flowers, with rich
purple stripes.

These plants should be potted in peat and moss, and
be grown in moderate heat.

Formerly many plants now known as Lycaste were
called Colax, and as such are figured in early botanical
works. See Lycaste aromatica, Harrisonii.

Comparettia. Poeppig and Endlicher. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to Professor Comparetti.

R Comparettia cocdnea. Rio Janeiro. Maund, Bot, 4, 186.

B. R., 24, 68.
M. O. P., i.
I. H., 472-
This delicate little plant has reddish leaves, the flowers



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2 19

are produced in winter in little bunches on a long stalk,
color reddish scarlet.

B. Comparettia falcata. Mexico. B. M., 4980.

P. and E., i, 44, tab. 73.

Flowers rosy purple, the lip lightly veined with darker
tints of the same color.

B. Comparettia rosea. Mexico . . Fl. des Ser., 2, 45.

Pax., 1843, i.

A species somewhat resembling the last. Flowers
small ; perianth rose, the upper part white, edged with
carmine ; lip deep rose.

These plants should be grown on a piece of cork, with
a little moss. The pseudo-bulbs of all the species are
small. Water should be carefully given, and during the
resting season the plants should be kept almost dry, but
never allowed to dry up. The flowers last long in
beauty. They should be grown in the shade.



Coryanthes. Hooker. Epiphyte.

Name from ictpvs, a helmet, and &vOo$, a flower.

B. Coryanthes eximia. Bahia Portf., 1847.

Sepals and petals greenish yellow, tipped with brown-
ish purple ; lip forming a basin, purple outside, and pur-
ple marked with yellow and rich purple.

B. Coryanthes Albertinea. Venezuela. Fl. des Ser., 755.

Sert. Bot, 7, as

Gongora.
M. O. P., i.



OKCHIDS.

Flowers large, perianth yellow, marked with purple;
basin lively purple outside, yellowish green, regularly
marked with purple inside.

A. Coryanthes macrantha. Caracas . M. O. P., 29.

Pax. Mag., 5, 31.

Pes., 30.

B. R., 1841.

Flowers as large as the last ; perianth yellow, spotted
with brown ; lip ochre-yellow, inside of the basin marked
with pale crimson. Blooms in May, June, July, and is
the best of the genus.

B. Coryanthes maculata. Demerara . B. R., 1793.

Maund, Bot., 228.

B. M., 3102, 3747.

Perianth greenish yellow, spotted with brown ; basin of
the lip marked with dull crimson inside. Blooms in sum-
mer.

B. Coryanthes Parkerii. Demerara . . . B. M., 3747.
This species differs little from the last, except in the
color of the spots, which are brownish purple.

B. Coryanthes Fieldingii. Lindley . Fl. des Sen, 364-5.

Flower brownish yellow, lightly spotted with cinnamon
yellow.

The flowers of this plant are very large, and differ
from the other species in having a shaggy fringe which
surrounds the casque which conceals the column.

B. Coryanthes spedosa. Demerara Bat, 36.

SYN. Gongora spedosa. Hooker.
Flowers pale yellow, in April or May.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 221

The flowers of this genus are among the most curious
of Orchids. The flowers have two glands, from which
proceed two fleshy horns, which continually distil a
honeyed liquid, which falls into a basin formed by the
lip. The flowers fade when this dropping stops, and sel-
dom continue in perfection more than four days. The
plants are evergreen, producing the flowers on a spike
from the bottom of the bulb. They should be grown in
baskets in peat and moss, with plenty of water and heat
during the growing season. Keep rather dry during rest.
Propagate by division.

These plants are sometimes referred to Gongora.



Cycnoches. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from KVKVOS, a swan, and av^v, a neck.

A. Cycnoches aureum. Central America. Pax. Fl. G., 75.

Lem. Jard., 264.

A handsome species, with long racemes of light yellow
flowers.

B. Cycnoches barbatum. New Granada . B. M., 4479.
A dwarf species ; sepals and petals and lip greenish

white, spotted with pink. Blooms in June and July.

B. Cycnoches chlorochilum. La Guayra . . Sert. O., 16.
Flowers greenish yellow ; lip pale yellow, with a large
spot of emerald-green at the base of the column.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 12 of 25)