Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 15 of 25)
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This species resembles Dendrobium nobile, but has taller
bulbs, darker foliage, ayd richer-colored flowers. Blooms
at the same time, and requires similar treatment. By
some it is considered only a variety of that species, and
by others as the same as Dendrobium cozrulescens.

Dendrobium Wardianum. Assam . Jen. Orch., 2.

War. Orch., 2, 19.

A rare plant, with long, pendulous, knobby stems ;
flowers three inches in diameter, white and purple ; lip
rich orange, white, and crimson.

Should be grown in a basket. With us it blooms
freely, and lasts long in beauty. One of the finest of
Dendrobiums.

B. Dendrobium Williamsoni. Assam.

An upright grower. Flowers large, ivory-white, with
large blood-red spot in centre of lip. Pot culture.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 263

B. Dendrobium xanthophkbium. Moulmein.

SYN. Dendrobium marginatum. Bat. 2d Cen., 105.
Flowers in pairs on old stems ; sepals and petals
white ; lip spotted with orange, bordered with white.
Block or pot culture.

The following are species :
Dendrobium aciculare.
D. album. See Camaridium.
D. czmuhim. B. M., 2906.
D. amplum. Lindley. Pax. Mag., 7, 1 2 1.
D. aqueum. B. R., 29, 54 ; B. M., 4640.
D. brcvifolium.
D. calamiforme.
D. caniculatum.
D. compressum. B. R., 30, 53.
D. cupreum. B. R., 1779.
D. cucumerinum. B. R., 59, 37 ; B. M., 4619 ; Lem. Jard.,

358.

D. denudans.

D. discolor. B. R., 27, 52.
D. elongatum.
D. herbaceum.

D. lingua 'forme. Hook. Ex., n.
D. longicornu. B. R., 1315.
D. macrostachium. B. R., 1865.
D. plicatile.
D. revolutum.
D. feres.
D. undulatum.
D. vaginatum.

This family, entirely from the East Indies, is one of the
most beautiful of orchidaceous plants. The species with



264 ORCHIDS.

long stiff bulbs are best grown in pots, well drained, in
peat; moss, charcoal, and potsherds ; they should gen-
erally have large pots.

The species with drooping bulbs should be grown in
baskets in moss or peat.

Those with short bulbs should be grown on blocks,
with moss during the growing season, but bare when at
rest.

To flower these plants well, they must have a good
season of rest and growth.

They should be grown in the East Indian house, with
plenty of heat and moisture, and water at the roots dur-
ing growth ; the moss or peat should then never be
allowed to dry. After they have finished growing, give
them a good season of rest, moving them into a cooler
house, and only give water enough to keep the bulbs from
shriveling. They generally grow after the flowers have
faded. The plants are propagated by division or from
plants which form on the old pseudo-bulbs, as we have
described in the chapter on propagation. If these plants
are kept growing they will give plenty of shoots but few
flowers.

Of all the many Dendrobiums, and new species are dis-
covered each year, there is hardly one which is not worth
growing, though some are not very showy.

Dendrochilum. Blume. Epiphyte.

Name from SevSpov, a tree, and x e *^*> a Hp
B. Dendrochilum filiforme. Manilla.

A pretty, low-growing plant, with neat foliage, and
graceful, drooping, yellowish flowers, in summer.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 26$

A. Dendrochilum glumaceum. Philippines.

B. M., 4853.

Bat. 2d Cen., 134.

A very elegant plant, and one of the most graceful of
Orchids, of neat habit, so that when out of bloom the
foliage is attractive. The flowers are in close drooping
spikes, coming out of the young foliage, whitish and deli-
ciously fragrant. Blooms in February and lasts long in
beauty. We consider this plant one of the most desira-
ble of Orchids. Our specimen plant is a foot in diame-
ter, and is a mass of graceful pendent spikes.

Other varieties are, Dendrobium aurantiacum, longifo-
lium, latifolium, oculatum, and pallicliflavens, all natives of
the East Indies.

These plants require plenty of water when in growth,
less when at rest, but must never be dry the pseudo-bulbs
are small, and if allowed to shrivel the plants would be
lost. All the species should be grown in pots in rather
strong soil, peat and moss, with a preponderance of the
former, and good drainage. They require the warmest
house.

The following genera are to be recommended to those
desiring a great variety :

Dichcea. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from 5lxn> in two, alluding to arrangement of the leaves.
Dichosa dubia. D. graminoides.

D. glauca. D. ochracea.



266 ORCHIDS.



Dicrypta. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from 5/s, double, and KpvTrTu, to conceal, alluding to structure
of the pollinia.

Dicrypta crassifolia. D. discolor.

D. bicolor. D. iridifolia.

Dienia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from Si's, two, and rivia, a strap, alluding to attachment ofpollen

masses.
Dienia cordata.

Dinema. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from Sis, two, and va>, to spin, alluding to the two thread-like

horns of the column.
Dinema paleaceum. Lindley.
D. polybulbon. Lindley. B. M., 4067.

Dipodium. Brown. Terrestrial.

Name from Sis, two, and irovs, a foot, referring to the threads of the

pollinia.

Dipodinm pnnctatum. B. R., 23, 1980. Maund, Bot., 2,66.
D.flavum. See Cyrtoperaflava.

Disa. Bergius. Terrestrial.

Origin of name unknown.

A. Disa grandiflora. Cape Pes., 18.

B. M., 4073. Sert. Bot, 7.

Sert. O., 49. Jen. Orch., 40.

F. M., 69, 223. B. R., 926.

Large flowers, of deep scarlet crimson ; petals tipped



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 267

with white and green, pale yellow inside. The soil for
this plant should be rich fibrous peat and loam. It
should have but little heat, and never be allowed to dry
off. We have treated more fully of this plant in the early
part of this book. The great trouble in its culture ap-
pears to be want of water j if there is good drainage it
can hardly have too much water. It does not need much
heat, and should be grown with a good circulation of air,
and not full sun.

Disa grandiflora superba is a very showy variety, figured
in Warner's Orchids, 36.

The genus is a large one, exclusively South African
and Abyssinian. Some of the species are attractive,
many having rosy flowers, while in others there is a
charming mixture of blue, white, green, and purple.

Disa Barelli, figured in F. M., 2, 104, is a showy
species. Other species are Disa bracteata, B. R., 324;
D. cormcta, B. M., 4091 ; D. prasinata, B. R., 210 ; D. pul-
chella, scutellifera, fasciata, melaleuca, and spathulata.



Drymoda. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from Spvpds, a forest.

This genus contains the smallest Orchids ; the pseudo-
bulbs are less than an inch in diameter, and the whole
plant is infinitesimal.

Drymoda picta. Moulmein Sert. O., 8.

B. M., 5904.

Foliage none ; flowers in long scapes from the minute



268 ORCHIDS.

bulbs ; very bright purple and white. Very curious. Grow
on a block in East Indian house.



E.

Epidendrum. Linnceus. Epiphyte.

Name from tiri, upon, and Stvopov, a tree.
C. Epidendrum aeriforme. Rio Janeiro.

Perianth green, tinted with brown ; lip white or rosy
flesh color ; flowers in a panicle.

C. Epidendrum alatum. Guatemala . . Bat., 18.

B. R, 33, 53-

Perianth greenish yellow ; lip marked with purple.
There are many varieties, of which majus is the best.

Epidendrum aloefolium. An old name of Cymbidium.
See B. M., u, 387.

B. Epidendrum alifolium. Guatemala . . . Bat., 25.
A pendulous species, with narrow, pointed leaves;

flowers large, greenish yellow and brown, with pure white
lip, produced during the summer. Grow in a basket in
moss.

Epidendrum amabile. See Epidendrum dichromum.

C. Epidendrum asperum. Mexico.

Perianth brownish yellow ; lip yellow, veined with red.

Epidendrum atropurpureum. See Epidendrum macrochi-
lum.

B. Epidendrum aurantiacum. Guatemala . . Bat, 12.
This species nearly resembles, in its bulbs and growth,



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 26$

Cattkya Skinnerii ; the flowers, which are bright orange,
with crimson stripes on the lip, are produced from a
sheath at the top of the bulb in March, April, and May.
There is a variety which never expands its flowers, and
another of which the color is very dark.

A. Epidendrum bicornutum. Trinidad. Pax. Mag., 5, 245.

B. M., 3332-
Jen. Orch., 21.

Flowers large, white, and very fragrant ; blooms in
April and May.

This is a beautiful species ; may be grown on a block
or in a pot. The flowers are the largest of the genus.

C. Epidendrum biforatum. Rio Janeiro.

Flower greenish, with white lip. The flowers are in
panicles and are very fragrant.

C. Epidendrum Boothianum. Cuba . . . B. R., 1838.
Flowers yellow, with brownish red transverse bands.

A. Epidendrum Brasavolce. Central America.

B. M., 5664.

A very showy plant, with large flowers ; sepals and
petals long, orange-yellow ; lip white, tipped with mauve ;
spike long, many-flowered, lasting long in beauty. Allied
to Epidendrum prismatocarpum, but a far handsomer
plant.

C. Epidendrum calocheilum. Guatemala . B. M., 3898.
Perianth yellow, slightly greenish, tipped with purple j
lip crimson, veined and edged with yellow.

Epidendrum caudatum. SYN. of Brassia caudata.



2/0 ORCHIDS.

C. Epidendrum dliare. Guatemala . . Lodd. Cab., 9.

B. R, 784.

B. M., 463-

Perianth greenish yellow; lip white, cut into long
fringes.

Epidendtum dliare minor.

Only differs in the size of the flowers, which are more
fragrant. This is a common free-blooming species.

B. Epidendnim cinnabarinum. Bahia . B. R., 1842, 25.
Perianth cinnabar-red ; lip orange-yellow, fringed ;
flowers produced in panicles, in May, June, and July.
It differs from Epidendrum Schomburgkii in the shade of
the flowers, which are deeper crimson.

B. Epidendrum cnemidophorum. Guatemala. B. M., 5656.
Flowers light yellow and brown inside, pure white out-
side ; lip white, shaded with rose, deeply divided. A tall-
growing plant.

A. Epidendrum Cooperianum. Brazil . . B. M., 5654.
A tall-growing species; flowers in large terminal

racemes ; brownish yellow, with large, rose lip.

C. Epidendrum crassifolium B. M., 3543.

Flowers rose-colored, in April, May, and June. Proba-
bly the same as Epidendrum ellipticum. Very free-
blooming, indeed seldom out of bloom if the plant is
large.

B. Epidendrum criniferum. South America. B. M., 6094.
Sepals and petals yellow, spotted with rich brown;

lip white, with red marking.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2/1

C. Epidendrum cochleatum. Guatemala. Lodd. Cab., 22.

B.M., 152, 572.

Sert. Bot, 7.

Sepals and petals long, narrow, of a greenish yellow;
the lip rounded in the shape of a shell, and greenish
white, striped with yellow and purple.

Epidendrum cochleatum majus, from Mexico, has the
flower and bulbs larger. A very common Orchid.

C. Epidendrum coriaceum. Demerara . . B. M., 3595*
The stalk bears seven or eight flowers about an inch
across, white, marked with deep red.

A. Epidendrum cuspidatum. Tropical America.

B. R., 783.

A very pretty plant, producing in September a five-
flowered spike of large white flowers, with fringed lip,
which scent the whole house by their fragrance. Epiden-
drum ciliare is often sold for this plant. The true plant
is very rare. The figure in the Botanical Register has
yellow flowers, a color the flowers assume before fading.

A. Epidendrum dichromum. Bahia . . . B. R., 1843.
Flowers large, perianth clear rose ; lip deep crimson ;
very fragrant. The flowers of this species vary much in
size and color.

A. Epidendrum dichromum amabile . B. M., 5491.

Bat. 2d Cen., 112.

A very beautiful variety, with large flowers, color pink
or white ; lip purple.



2/2 ORCHIDS.

B. Epidendrum eburneum. Panama . . . B. M., 5643.
A species growing two feet high. Flowers in terminal
spike, pure white, with large ivory lip.

B. Epidendrum erubescens. Mexico .... Bat, 32.
A very distinct plant, of creeping habit, making bulbs

at intervals on the woody root-stock. Flowers of two
shades of mauve. Grow on long blocks of wood, in a
cool house, with plenty of moisture.

A. Epidendrum evectum. New Granada . B. M., 5902.
A very fine species, of tall growth, producing from the

tops of the bulbs long dense spikes of rich, rosy purple
flowers, with beautifully fringed lip. The whole spike
much resembles an orchis, but is looser.

C. Epidendrum fragrans. Jamaica . Pax. Mag., 2, 217.

B. M., 1669.
Lodd. Cab., 1039.

Flowers green, lip striped with red. Only desirable
for its fragrance.

B. Epidendrum Frederici Guilielmi. South America.

Reich. Xen., 51.
I. H., 3, 48. *

A tall species, producing showy flowers. Sepals and
petals claret color, contrasting finely with the pure white

HP.

C. Epidendrum glumaceum. Brazil . . M. O. P., 9.

B. R., 1840, 6.

Flowers white, sepals marked with yellow and striped
with violet.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 273

B. Epidendrum Hanburyanum. Mexico.

Perianth purplish brown ; lip rose, with crimson veins.
Flowers large ; vanilla-scented.

B. Epidendrum Ibaguense. Ecuador . . . F. M., 390.
Flowers in rich terminal clusters, scarlet-orange, with

deep yellow lip. A winter bloomer.

C. Epidendrum ionosmum. Brazil . . B. R., 1838, 87.
Flowers dull red ; lip striped with lilac ; violet-scented.

C. Epidendrum lacertinum. Guatemala. Fl. des Ser., 376.
Perianth brilliant green ; lip tinted with purple.

C. Epidendrum lancifolium. Mexico . B. R., 1842, 50.
Flowers resemble those of Epidendrum cochleatum, but
are larger ; lip pale yellow : slightly fragrant.

A. Epidendrum macrochilum. Guatemala.

Bat, 17.

B. M., 3534.

Pes., 26.

Pax. Mag., u, 243.

Flower large ; perianth greenish brown ; lip large, pure
white, with purple spot at the base. Blooms from March
to June. Called also Epidendrum atropurpureum.

A. Epidendrum macrochilum roseum . Fl. des Ser., 372.

I. H, 541.

Perianth deep violet ; lip very large, deep rose. A very

beautiful plant. Epidendrum macrochilum atropurpureum

has dark purple lip. This species lasts three months in

bloom, is delightfully fragrant, and is the best of the family.

18



274



ORCHIDS.



A. Epidendrum myrianthum. Guatemala.

B. M, 5556.

Bat. 2d Cen., 163.

A rare plant, but very beautiful. Flowers in dense
branching spikes, magenta color, somewhat reminding us
of the lilac, but far more beautiful.

A. Epidendrum nemorale. Mexico. Bat. 2d Cen., 135.

B.R., 1844,51.
B. M., 4606.
Pax. Mag., 13, 101.
all as verrucosum.

A very desirable species. Pseudo-bulbs about four
inches long, with long drooping panicles of rosy flowers ;
lip striped with violet.

A. Epidendrum nemorale majus . . . War. Orch., 13.
A fine variety, with larger panicles and deeper colored

flowers. This is a very graceful plant.

B. Epidendrum oncidioides. Central America.

B. R., 1623.

Flowers very fragrant ; perianth deep yellow and brown ;
lip deep yellow. Bears some resemblance to Onddium
luridum.

B. Epidendrum paniculatum. Peru . . . B. M., 5731.
Stems three feet high. Flowers in large drooping pan-
icle, branched, pale rose-color.

C. Epidendrum papillosum. Oaxaca . . B. M., 3631.
Flowers large, greenish yellow ; lip white, with three

deep violet stripes.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2?$

B. Epidendrum phoeniceum. Cuba. Pax. Mag., 9, 87.

Sert. O., 46.
Fl. des Ser., 47, 306.

Perianth rich violet-purple; lip large, pale rose, with
carmine markings. Blooms during the summer.

A. Epidendrum prismatocarpum. Central America.

Reich. Xen,, 123.
B. M, 5336.
Bat. 2d Cen., 109.
War. Orch., 9.

A very remarkable plant, of free growth and easy cul-
ture, soon forming a fine specimen. Foliage clear green.
Flowers in close spikes of five to fifteen, greenish yellow,
with blackish spots; lip pinkish or white, marked with
crimson. This plant is somewhat difficult to bloom ; it
seems to require more heat than most species. There
are many varieties, a large proportion not worth growing.
A specimen plant of this species in our collection, im-
ported from England at a cost of many guineas, proves
utterly worthless on blooming. It is not safe to buy this
species without seeing the flower.

C. Epidendrum radiatum. Mexico . . B. R., 1844, 45.

The flowers resemble Epidendrum cochkatum in form :
are of a pale green, with rays of deep purple on the lip,
and have a strong cinnamon perfume.

C. Epidendrum raniferum. Mexico . B. R., 28, 42.

Perianth greenish yellow, marked with brown ; the lip
has a swelling at its base shaped like a frog.



2/6 ORCHIDS.

B. Epidendrum rhizophorum. Gautemala . B. R., 1840.
Resembles Epidendrum dnnabarinum. This plant is a
half climber, growing many feet high. The flowers last
long in beauty.

B. Epidendrum roseum. Bahia .... Portf., tab. 2.
Flowers large, rose ; lip with a large purple spot, edged
with v/hite.

B. Epidendrum Schomburgkii. Guiana.

Maund, Bot., 165.

B. R., 34, 23.

Pax. Mag., 10, 121.

Flowers resemble Epidendrum cinnabarinum, but are
distinguished by numerous brown spots on the stalk.
Flowers scarlet \ deep orange lip, fringed.

C. Epidendrum selligerum. Mexico.
Flower inconspicuous, but tuberose scented.

A. Epidendrum Skinnerii. Guatemala.

Pax. Mag., 15, i.

B. M., 3951, 4094.

B. R., 1870-1881.

Flowers a beautiful rose. Generally known as Bar-
keria Skinneri, which see.

A. Epidendrum Stamfordianum. Guatemala.

Bat, n.

B. M., 4759.

Lem. Jard., 251.

Flowers greenish yellow, spotted with brownish pur-
ple, produced very abundantly in April and May. This



DESCRIPTIVE LIST.

plant should be treated like a Cattleya, only it needs
more moisture.

There are two varieties, differing in the shades of the
flowers and in shape of the pseudo-bulbs. This plant
produces its flowers on a spike from the base of the bulb.

B. Epidendrum syringothyrsus. Peru . . B. M., 6145.
Flowers in branching panicles ; light purple ; lip white

and pink.

C. Epidendrum tessellatum. Guatemala . B. M., 3638.
Perianth greenish yellow outside, brown inside, regu-
larly marked with a darker shade, like a checker-board ;
lip plentifully striped with purple.

Epidendrum verrucosum.

An old West Indian species of which the name was by
mistake given to Epidendrum nemorale. The true verru-
cosum is figured in Lodd. Cab., 1084.

A. Epidendrum vitellinum. Mexico . I. H., 4.

M. O. P., i.

Pax. Mag., 11,49-

B. M., 4107.

B. R., 26, 35.

Sert. O., 45-

Flowers orange, with brilliant yellow lip. Blooms dur-
ing the winter.

Epidendrum vitellinum ma/us . . . . F. M., 261.

Jen. Orch., 31.

Differs from the species in having larger flowers and
sometimes blooming during the summer. This species
needs a cool house.



2/8 ORCHIDS.

The following are additional species :
Epidendrum amulum. B. R., 1898.
E. altissimum.

E. ambiguum. I. H., 606 ; M. O. P., 5.
E. anceps. Lodd. Cab., 887.
E. angustifolium. Schwartz.
E. Arbuscula.

E. anneniacum. B. R., 1867.
E. aromaticum. Bat., 10 ; Ref. Bot, 89.
E. articulatum.
E. aitritum.

E. bifidum. B. R., 1879.
E. bractescens.
E. Candollei.

E. Catillus. I. H., 3, 162.
E. cepifonne. B. M., 3765.
E. clavatum. B. R., 1870.

E. conopseum* B. M., 3457. The Florida species.
E. conspicuum. I. H., 592.
E. cucullatum. B. M., 543.
E. densiflortim. B. M., 3791.
E. elongatum. B. M., 61 1 ; Lodd. Cab., 986.
E. falcatum.
E. ferruginetim.
E. floribundum. B. M., 3637.

E. fuscatum. B. R., 67 ; Lodd. Cab., 472 ; B. M., 2844.
E. gracile. B. R., 1765.
E. Grahami. B. M., 3885.
E. glutinosum.

E. HarrissonicE. B. M., 3209.
E. imbricatum. Lindley.
E. inversum.
E. latilabrum.
E. lentiginosum.
E. longicolle. B. M., 4165.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 2/9

E. macrostachyum. Lindley.

E. nocturnum. Lodd. Cab., 713 ; B. M., 3298; B. R., 1961.

E. nutans. B. R., i, 17 ; Lodd. Cab., 645 ; Maund, Bot, 226.

E. ochraceum. B. R., 24, 26 ; M. O. P., 2.

E. odoratissimum. B. R., 1415.

E. pachyanthuni.

E. pallidiflorum. B. M., 2980.

E. pictum.

E. plicalum. M. O. P., 4.

E. polyanthum. Bat., 34.

E. pseudepidendrum. B. M., 5929.

E. pterocarpum. M. O. P., 3 ; B. R., 30, 34.

E. punctatum. Linn.

E. pyriforme. M. O. P., 7.

E. stenophyllum.

E. tigrinum.

E. tripunctatum. Lindley.

E. umbellatum. B. R., 80 ; B. M., 2030 ; Lodd. Cab., 26.

E. variegatum. B. M., 3151 ; B. R., 25, II ; M. O. P., 8.

E. virgatum.

E. viviparum.

Most of the Epidendrums we have described are ever-
green and compact in their habit. Epidendrum cinnaba-
rinum, E. crassifolium, E. cnemidophorum, E. panicidatum,
and others, are tall-growing, with long, slender bulbs,
with leaves from top to bottom. E. aurantiacum, E. bi-
cornutum, and E. Stamfordianum resemble Cattleyas in
their growth, having two or three short leaves on the top
of an upright bulb.

Most of the others have short, round bulbs, with long,
narrow leaves. They usually produce their flowers from
the top of the bulb ; in E. Stamfordianum they rise from
the bottom. They should be grown in the Mexican



280 ORCHIDS.

house, on blocks of wood, or in pots, in peat. They
should be treated as Cattleyas, but with less heat. Prop-
agated by division.

Many plants were formerly known as Epidendrums
which belong to totally different genera. It was formerly
the custom to call every unknown Orchid an Epidendrum.
Botanists seem to have adopted the meaning of the name,
and everything " growing on a tree " was referred to this
genus.

Epiphora.
See Polystachya.

Epistephium. Lindley. Terrestrial.

Name from eV/, upon, and ffreQwos, a garland.
Epistephium Williamsii. Bahia . . B. M., 5485.

Bat. 2d Cen., 103.

A very pretty plant bearing reedy stems, from the top
of which are produced the showy flowers ; petals purple-
red ; lip white, margined with red.

This genus is closely allied to Sobralia. The plants
should be grown in rich, peaty loam, well drained, and
have plenty of water.

Eria. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from epiov, wool, alluding to wooliness of the flower.
These are not showy plants; the following are the
best :

Eria bractescens. B. R., 30, 29.
E. bipunctata.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 28 1

E. cochleata.

E. convallar aides. B. R., 27, 62 ; 33, 63.

E. densiflora.

E. ferruginea. B. R., 25, 35.

E. multiflora.

E. obesa. B. M., 5391.

E. paniculata.

E. pubescens. See Polystachya.

E. vestita. B. R., 31, 2 ; B. M., 5807.

Eria stellata B. R., .9041.

B. M., 3605.

This is a pretty plant with tall spikes of yellowish-white
very fragrant flowers. Blooms freely with us every Jan-
uary, and is worth growing where there is room.

All the species are East Indian plants, and require the
hottest house. Grow in pots, in peat and moss, and water
freely when in growth.

Eriopsis. Lindley. Terrestrial.

Name from Eria, and 6^ is, resemblance.

Eriopsis biloba. South America . . . Pes., 20.

B. R., 33, 18.

A small Orchid with dark green foliage, and spikes of
flowers from the base of the pseudo-bulb ; sepals and
petals yellow and orange ; lip whitish orange and brown.

Eriopsis rutidobulbon. New Granada . . B. M., 4437.
Flowers purplish yellow.

Grow in a pot with peat, and plenty of light and water.
Increase by division.



282 ORCHIDS.

Eulophia. Brown. Terrestrial.

Name from euAo'^os, a handsome crest.

There is nothing interesting to amateurs in this genus.
The following are species :
Eulophia euglossa. B. M., 5561.
E. gracilis. B. R., 742; Lodd. Cab., 1178, is referred to

Galeandra.

E. lurida. B. R., 1821.
E. streptopetala. B. M., 2931 ; B. R., 1002.
E. virens. B. M., 5579.

Many plants formerly called Eulophia are now referred
to Zygopetalum.



F.

Pernandezia. Ruiz and Pavon. Epiphyte.

Name for George Garcias Fernandez, a Spanish botanist.
The flowers of these plants appear in the axils of the
leaves, and are small and without beauty.
Fernandezia acuta. B. R. 1806.
F. elegans. Lodd. Cab., 1214.

Fieldia.
A name proposed for Vanda gigantea, and Batemani



DESCRIPTIVE Li ST. 283

G.

Galeandra. Lindley. Terrestrial.

From galea, a helmet, and avr)p, an anther.

B. Galeandra Baueri. Guiana . . Pax. Mag., 14, 49.

B. R., 1840, 49.
Bat, 19.
B. M., 4701.

Perianth greenish brown ; lip deep purple. Blooms in
June, July, and August on a drooping spike.

B. Galeandra Blanchetti. Bahia.

Perianth greenish brown ; lip rose outside, white inside,
bordered with purple-violet.

B. Galeandra cristata. Cayenne.

The flowers resemble Galeandra Devoniana, but are
smaller and not so highly colored.

A. Galeandra Devoniana. Rio Negro. Bat. 2d Cen., 152.

War. Orch., 37.

Sert. O, 37.

Pax. Mag., 8, 145.

I. H, 176.

B. M., 4610.

This species is epiphytal. Perianth orange-brown ; lip
large, curiously marked and striped with deep purple, on
a ground of lilac, white, and yellow. Blooms in April
and May.

The terrestrial species should be treated like Bletias,

the bulbs being kept nearly dry during the resting season.


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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 15 of 25)