Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 16 of 25)
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Galeandra Devoniana should be grown in a pot, with



284 ORCHIDS.

peat, and good drainage, in the East Indian house. The
plants are deciduous, producing their flower-spikes <rom
the top of the bulb just after they have finished their
growth. During growth they need shade, a moist heat,
and plenty of water.

Galeottia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name in honor of Galeotti.
C. Galeottia Beaumont i. Bahia. Lindley.

Perianth green, with brown rays ; lip drawn up into a
horn, white, lighted and striped with rose, edge fringed.
Known also as Batemannia. This plant may be grown
on wood or in a basket, with peat and moss. See also
Batemannia.

Gomezia.
An old name of Rodriguezia.

Gongora. Ruiz and Pavon. Epiphyte.

Name in honor of Antonio Gongora, Viceroy of New Granada.
C. Gongora atropurpurea. Demerara. Hook. Ex., 178.

B. M., 3220.
Maund, Bot, 108.

Flowers deep purple. There are many varieties, dif-
fering in the size of the flowers.

C. Gongora bufonia B. R., 1841, 2.

Flowers dark wine color, with brownish yellow spots ;
edges of petals dull yellowish white.

C. Gongora fulva. Demerara .... B. R., 25, 51.

Flowers beautiful yellow, spotted.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 285

C. Gongora leucochila. Guatemala . Fl. des Ser., i, 37.

B. R., 33, 17-

Resembles Gongora bufonia, except the lip is wholly
white.

C. Gongora maculata. Demerara . . Card. Mag., 73.

B. M., 3687.

B. R., 1616.

Sepals brown, spotted with purple ; petals pale purple,
marked with deep purple j lip green, spotted.

Gongora maculata alba.

Flowers white, spotted on the lip with rose.

C. Gongora maculata tricolor. Peru . B. R., 1847, 69.
Flowers clear yellow ; petals banded with sienna ;
sepals marked with same color \ lip white. There are
many varieties of Gongora maculata^ differing in the
shade of the spots.

C. Gongora nigrita. Demerara.
The flowers are very deep brown.

Gongora fortentosa. South America . . I. H., 3, 61.
Flowers very pretty ; sepals yellow ; petals and lip
purplish.

C. Gongora truncata. Mexico . . . . B. R., 31, 56.
Perianth creamy white ; lip yellow and white.

C. Gongora vitellina. Mexico.

Flowers brilliant yellow, slightly spotted.



286 ORCHIDS.

These_ plants are all very curiously formed, the flowers
resembling a string of grasshoppers. They should be
grown in hanging baskets, in moss and peat. The flower-
spikes are very long, pendent, and freely produced. When
in growth they should be kept moist and warm, but should
have a long rest. Bloom during the summer.

Goody era. Brown. Terrestrial.

Dedicated to the botanist Goodyer.

A. Goodyera Dawsoniana. Malay Islands.

Fl. des Ser., 1830.

Leaves blackish green, glossy above, with lines of
golden purple curving from base to apex; below, dull
purple. Flowers white, very pretty. Called also An&c-
tochilus.

C. Goodyera discolor. Brazil . . . Lodd. Cab., 143.

B. R., 4, 271.
B. M., 46, 2055.

Flowers in spikes, white and yellow, produced during
the winter. Foliage dark evergreen, velvety.

B. Goodyera Dominii. Hybrid.
Leaves velvet-bronze, with white lines.

B. Goodyera macrantha. Japan . Fl. des Ser., 1779-80.
Leaves dark green, bordered and lined with white;
flowers pink. A very pretty species.

B. Goodyera picta or maculata.
Leaves light green, with paler markings.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 28?

B. Goodyera rulrovenia. Brazil.

Foliage velvet-bronze, with bands of red. A pretty
and distinct species.

B. Goodyera Veitchii. Hybrid.

A cross between Goodyera discolor and Anczctochilus
Veitchii. Leaves deep reddish brown, with silver mark-
ings.

B. Goodyera velutina. Japan . . Fl. des Ser., 1779-80.
Foliage purplish green, marked with silver ; flowers
pink.

Grow in pots, with leaf -mould and peat, in either house.
Give plenty of water at the roots during growth.

There are many other species, some of which are hardy.
These plants are sometimes called Hcemeria.

Govenia. Lindley. Terrestrial.

Dedicated to I. R. Gowan.

B. Govenia fasciata. Mexico . . . . B. R., 1845, ^7
Flowers clear yellow ; petals and sepals beautifully

marked with crimson bands.

C. Govenia Gardneri. Brazil B. M., 3660.

Flowers pale yellow. Of easy culture, floriferous.

C. Govenia liliaccea. Mexico Fl. Cab., 68.

B. R., 24, 13.

Flowers sulphur-white, striped with reddish purple.
The Mexican name of this plant is Iztactcfctzacuxochitl
icohucyo.



288 ORCHIDS.

C. Govenia superba. Mexico . . . Fl. Cab., 41.

Lodd. Cab., 1709.

B. R., 1795.

Flowers orange, marked with blood-red, of an agree-
able perfume.

The plants of this genus lose their leaves and stalks
annually. It is well, when the stalks decay, to take up
the bulbs and keep them dry for three months. Plant
them in peat, leaf-mould, and potsherds, with good drain-
age, regulating water according to the degree of growth.

Grammatophyllum. Bhime. Epiphyte.

Name from ypdfj.jj.a, a letter, and fyvXXov, a leaf.
A. Grammatophyllum Ellisii. Madagascar.

Fl. des Ser., 1488.
B. M., 5179.
Bat. 2d Cen., 176.

Flowers tawny yellow, outside ; dull yellow, banded
with brown, inside ; lip white, marked with pink.

A. Grammatophyllum multiflorum. Philippines.

Pax. Mag., 6, 217.

B. R., 1835, 65.

Perianth beautiful brown, edged with green ; lip yel-
low, marked and striped with brown.

A. Grammatophyllum tigrinum. East Indies.

B. R., 28, 69.

Pax. Mag., 6, 217.

Perianth pale green, richly marked with yellowish
brown ; lip yellow, striped with vermilion. The flowers
last long in perfection.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 289

A. Grammatophyllum speciosum. East

Indies G. and S.

SYNS. Angracum scriptum Pax. Fl. G., 69.

(Rumphius). B. M., 5157.

CymUdium scriptum Lem. Jard., 235.

(Schwartz). Fl. des Ser., 1386.

Epidendrum scriptum Bat. 2d Cen., 181.

(Linn.).

Gabertia scripta (Gaudichaud).

Flowers greenish, orange-yellow, marked with brown.
Plant six feet high.

This genus should be grown in well-drained pots,
with no mixture of moss, in peat, in the East Indian
house. They need a hot place. Propagated by division.

Grobya. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to Lord Grey, of Groby.

C. Grobya Amherstia. Brazil B. R., 1740.

Flowers yellowish green, marked with brown. The
clear color of the flowers and their profusion render the
plant desirable.

G. Grobya gakata. Brazil B. R., 1740.

Flowers green, marked with purple.

These plants should be grown in well-drained pots,
and should go to rest after flowering.

19



ORCHIDS:



H.

Habenaria. Willdenow. Terrestrial.

Name from habena, a rein.

These plants were formerly a part of the genus Orchis.
There are many species, but none particularly desirable
for house culture. Many are hardy.

The following are species :
Habenaria gigantea. B. M., 3374.
H. goody er aides. B. M., 3397.
H. macroceras (Schwartz). B. M., 2947.
H. marginata. Hook. Ex., 136.
H* membranacea,
H.procera. B. R., 1858.

Hsemeria.
See Goodyera.

Hartwegia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to Mr. Hartweg.

The two species, Hartwegia purpurea and H. angnsti-
folia, are not desirable, except in a large collection; the
former, however, is a pretty little plant, with spotted foli-
age and long slender spikes of purplish pink flowers;
it takes but little space, grows freely on a block, and is
always in bloom. Both species are natives of Mexico.
Figured in Ref. Bot, 94.

Helcia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from heldiim, a horse collar.
Helcia sanguinoknta. Peru . . . Reich. Xen., 2, 131.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 29 1

A handsome plant, resembling both Trichopilia and
Aspasia. Pseudo-bulbs small, smooth, terminated by one
broad leaf ; flowers in profusion on single stalks from the
base of the bulbs ; sepals and petals yellowish, beauti-
fully ocellated with reddish brown; lip large, white,
marked with purplish crimson.

Should be grown in the cool house, in the shade, in a
pot, with peat and moss. Propagated by division.

Houlletia. Brongniart. Epiphyte.
Dedicated to Houllet, a French gardener.

B. Houlletia Brockkhurstiana. Brazil. Pes., 36.

Pax. Mag., 9, 49.

B. M., 4072.

Sert. O., 43.

Perianth richly checkered with brown ; lip yellow,
marked with purple ; very fragrant.

Houlletia chrysantha. Brazil I. H., 71.

A beautiful species, with golden-yellow flowers.

Hotilktia odoratissima. New Granada . . Pes., 3.

L H., 3, 12.
A fine species, with orange-brown flowers and white

HP.

Houlletia odoratissima antioquiensis.

A variety with blood-red sepals and petals ; lip long,
white, tinged with yellow.

B. Houlletia stapeliczflora.

Differs but little from Houlletia Brockkhurstiana^ of
which it is probably a variety.



ORCHIDS.



Houlletia tigrina. Colombia ...... I. H., 612.

Flowers yellow and brown; lip white, dotted with
brown, and barred with light purple.

B. Houlletia vittata. Brazil ..... B. R., 27, 69.

Perianth yellow, striped with brown ; lip yellow, striped
with orange.

These plants should be grown in well-drained pots, in
peat, and need plenty of moisture and frequent watering
when in full growth. During the resting season they
should be kept in the cold house, nearly dry.

The genus seems to be neglected by Orchid growers,
but for no good reason. All the species are of easy cul-
ture, bloom freely, and are very handsome.

Huntleya. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name for Rev. Mr. Huntley, a zealous amateur.
A. Huntleya albidofulva. Brazil . . . . I. H., 556.
A distinct and strong-growing species ; flowers very
large, on single scapes, from base; sepals and petals
white, tipped with tawny yellow ; lip white, with red tip.
A very showy plant.

Huntleya Candida. SYN. of Warscewicsella Candida.

A. Huntleya cerina. Costa Rica . . Fl. des Ser., 1815.

F. M., 2, 93.
B. M., 5598.
Bat. 2d Cen., 183.

Flowers straw-color and yellow in spring. A very
showy and desirable species.

Known also as Pescatorea and Zygopetalum.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 293

Huntleya cochlearis. See Warscewicsella.
Huntleya marginata. See Warrea quadrata.
Htmtleya Mekagris. See Batemania Meleagris.

A. Htmtleya violacea. Brazil . . . Pax. Mag., 8, i.

Fl. des Ser., 678.

Sert. O., 26.

Perianth violet ; lip striped with violet, and edged with
delicate gray. Blooms at different seasons.

Known also as Bollea violacea and Pescatorea violacea.

B. Huntleya Wailesii. Brazil.

Flowers white and purple in the autumn.

Huntleya Wallisii. Ecuador . . Fl. des Ser., 1828, as

Pescatorea.

A fine species, resembling Huntleya cerina, but with
larger flowers.

Sepals and petals cream-color, tipped with violet ; base
of column dark violet.

These plants have no pseudo-bulbs ; the foliage is
evergreen, the blossoms large. They should be grown in
pots in peat, well-drained ; should have but a short sea-
son of rest ; should be kept in the shade ; in growth
have a liberal supply of moisture, and of water at the
roots, and should never be allowed to be wholly dry. The
flowers are fragrant.



294 ORCHIDS.

I.

lonopsis. Humboldt and Knnz. Epiphyte.

Name from tov, a violet, and ftyts, resemblance.
lonopsis paniculata. Brazil . . . B. M., 5541.

Bat. 2d Cen., 184.

A plant of delicate growth, with small leaves and
pseudo-bulbs. The flower spikes are large, the flowers
vary much in color, from pure white to yellowish white,
and are often marked with blush and violet. It is a very
free bloomer, and will exhaust itself if some of the flowers
are not removed. The flowers are shaped like a violet.
Grow upon a block, with moss, in a cool house, near the
glass.

lonopsis tenera B. R., 1904.

Is same as the last.

lonopsis utrkuloides, or Gardneriana . . Hook. Ex., 39.
lonopsis rosea is a variety of lonopsis paniculata.

Ipsea. Lindley. Terrestrial.

Name unexplained.

Ipsea spedosa. Ceylon B. M., 5701.

A charming and rare plant, with very large, bright,
golden flowers ; lip streaked with carmine. Resembles
a Bktia in habit, and requires similar treatment.

Isochilus. Brown. Epiphyte.

Name from foos, equal, and x l/ ^ oy > lip-
All plants of this genus are inconspicuous.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 295

Isochilus graminoides. Hook. Ex., 196.
/. limaris. B. R., 745.
/. proliferus. B. R., 825.



Lacsena. Lindley. Epiphyte.

A name of Helen, applied because of the beauty of the plant.

B. Lacczna bicolor. Guatemala . . . B. R., 1844, 50.
A plant with the general aspect of a Gongora, but with
long pendulous racemes of large greenish white flowers,
with white lip, with rich purple markings. Should be
grown in a basket, with peat and moss.

Laelia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

A complimentary name.

B. L&lia acuminata. Guatemala . . B. M., 4905.

Pax. Mag., 10, 49.

B. R., 1844, 24.

Fl. des Ser., 9.

Perianth rosy white ; lip white, with dark purple spot.
Blooms in December and January. A very pretty, free-
growing plant, easily bloomed; does equally well in a pot
or on a block. The variety Z. acuminata violacea has rosy
violet flowers. Called in its native country Flor de Jesu.

C. Lcelia albida. Mexico B. M., 3957.

B. R., 1839, 54-

Flowers white, tinted with yellowish ; lip white, with
yellow markings and purple spots near base. Blooms in
December and January.

L<zlia albida superb a has larger flowers.



296 ORCHIDS.

L&lia albida Mariana has flesh-colored petals and
mauve lip.

Lalia albida rosea (F. M., 335) is a charming plant
with delicate, rosy white flowers.

This is a beautiful winter-blooming plant, valuable for
its color and the delightful fragrance of the blossoms. It
is the best of the Lcelias to grow for cut flowers. Care
must be taken not to keep it too hot ; it thrives best with
cool culture.

A. Lalia anceps. Mexico Pax. Mag., 4, 73.

B. R., 1751.
B. M., 3804.
Jen. Orch., 6.

Perianth lilac-rose ; lip rich velvety purple outside,
marked with crimson and veined with yellow inside. The
flowers, which are produced in December and January,
two to five, on long stems, are three or four inches across.

B. Lalia anceps Barkeriana . . . . Fl. des Ser., noo.

B. R., 1947-

This plant differs from the last in having narrower
petals, and a narrower and shorter lip.

Lcelia anceps Dawsoniana . . . . Fl. Mag., 530.

War. Orch,, 2, 34.

Jen. Orch., 6.

A magnificent variety, with creamy white flowers, and
large purple mark on the lip. Very few plants were dis-
covered, and it will long be a scarce plant.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 297

Lalia anceps delicatum.

A variety producing many flowers on a stalk. Flowers
purplish white.

There are many other varieties, the difference being
merely shades of color. This is a very useful plant,
easily grown, free-blooming, and of neat habit. If re-
moved to the parlor when in bloom it will last in full
beauty six weeks, and the flowers, if cut, last long in
water. Our best plants are grown in baskets, but it does
well with pot culture.

A. Lcelia autumnalis. Guatemala . Pax. Mag., 6, 121.
SYN. Bletia autumnalis (La Bat., 9.

Llave). B. R., 1839, 27.

B. M, 3817.
Fl. des Ser., 17.

Perianth delicate rosy purple ; lip almost white, tipped
with rosy lilac ; centre not yellow. Blooms in December
and January, producing from five to fifteen flowers on a
spike. The plant bears a great resemblance to Lcelia
anceps, but the flowers are very different ; they have a
peculiar glistening vitreous appearance which is very
beautiful. They are fragrant, but not agreeably so.

Lcelia Boothiana. SYN. of Cattleya lobata.

A. Lcelia Brysiana. Brazil I. H., 134.

A strong-growing species, with dark evergreen foliage.
Flowers three or four on a spike, very large j light rose,
with darker markings ; lip deep crimson. A very distinct
plant from Lcelia purpurata, with which it is often con-
founded.



298 ORCHIDS.

Lcelia caulescent. SYN. of Lcelia flava.

A. Lcelia rinnabarina. Rio Janeiro. Sert. O., tab. 28.

B. M., 4302.
Pax. Mag., 7, 193.

Sepals and petals long and narrow, of cinnamon-red ;
lip orange-yellow, striped with red. Blooms in March,
April, and May.

Lcelia cinnalarina aurantiaca.

Merely differs from the species in the shade of the
perianth. This is a very beautiful Orchid. The flowers
are graceful and of long duration, and the color remark-
able.

Lcelia crispa. See Cattleya crispa.

B. Lcelia crispilabia. Brazil .... War. Orch., 2, 6.
A delicate species, with narrow pseudo-bulbs, crowned

by a single dark green leaf, and bearing a spike of three
to six pretty purple flowers. Called, also, Lcelia Lawren-
tiana.

A. Lcelia elegans. Caracas .... Pes., 22.

I. H., 402.

B. M., 4700.

War. Orch., 6, 12.

War. Orch., 2, 29,

variety.

Sepals and petals pale rosy purple, suffused with
lighter or darker shades ; lip brilliant purple. This is a
very beautiful species, varying much in color of the flow-
ers, but all beautiful. Known, also, as Cattleya elegans.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 299

Lalia erubescent. See Lalia rubescens.

A. Lcelia flava. Mexico B. R., 28, 62.

SYN. Lcelia caulescens.

A very pretty plant, bearing in March a piofusion of
bright canary-colored flowers. A desirable species, grow-
ing freely and always giving good bloom.

C. Lcelia furfuracea. Oaxaca . . . B. M., 3810.

B. R., 1839, 26 -

A species resembling Lcelia autumnalis, but with less
brilliant flowers. It differs in the leaves also, which, in-
stead of being two or more together, are often solitary,
and are erect and straight, instead of being curved and
bent. The scape, also, bears but one flower, which has
no perfume.

A. Lcelia gigantea. Brazil War. Orch., 6.

SYN. Lczlia grandiflora.

A fine species with very large flowers, delicate lilac,
marked with rosy purple. It is one of the most showy of
the Lcelias.

A. Lcelia grandis. Bahia . . . . B. M., 5553.

Bat. 2d Cen., 136.

Perianth nankeen-yellow j lip white, striped with crim-
son. Flowers very large and of long duration. A sum-
mer bloomer.

Lcelia harpophylla. Brazil . .... . F. M., 2, 70.

A species resembling Lcelia cinnabarina. Flowers red- '
dish orange ; very large ; lip peculiarly notched.



300 ORCHIDS.

A. L&lia irrorata. Brazil. . . . Reich. Xen., 2, 115.
A very beautiful and rare species. Flowers rosy white ;

lip crimson-purple. Blooms in summer.

Lczlia Jongheana. Brazil F. M., 2, 177.

B. M., 6038.

A dwarf-growing plant, similar in habit to Cattleya bul-
bosa, but easily distinguished by its olive-green pseudo-
bulbs, which are without stripes. The flowers are also
borne in a different manner. Color crimson-purple ; lip
same color, crimped and marked with yellow.

Lcelia Lawrenceana.

A name of Lcelia crispilabia*

B. Lcelia Lindleyana. Brazil . . . Bat. 2d Cen., 175.
A delicate and pretty species, not very showy, but well

worth growing. Flower white, clouded with purple ; lip
white, with purple base. Blooms in winter, and often
again in autumn. Also known as Cattleya Lindleyana.

Lcelia lobata. SYN. of Cattleya lobata.

A. Lcelia majalis. Oaxaca . . . Bot., Reg. 30, 30.
SYN. Cattleya Grahamii (Lind- Bat., tab. 23.

ley). Pax. Mag., 12, i.

B. M., 5567.
Jen. Orch., 41.
I. H., 573.

Flowers four inches across, delicate rosy purple ; lip
striped and spotted with chocolate. This plant is difficult
to flower. The most successful cultivators grow it on a
block, in a well-aired cool house, and give very little



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 30!

water in winter The flower springs from the centre of
the new bulb.

Lalia marginata. SYN. of Cattleya marginata.

A. Lcelia peduncular is. Guatemala. . B. M., 4099.

B. R., 1845, 69-

Flowers delicate rosy purple, with a deep purple spot
on the centre of the lip. A very neat-growing species,
flowering freely in February. Our best plants are grown
in baskets suspended in full light.

A. Lalia Perrinii. Brazil .... Pax. Mag., 13, 5.

B. R., 1842, 62.

Perianth rosy lilac ; lip delicate purple, white, and yel-
low, with crimson tip. The plant grows and blooms like
a Cattleya. The flowers are large, procured in October
and November. A beautiful species.

B. Lczlia Pilcheri. Hybrid F. M., 340.

A cross between Lalia Perrinii and Cattleya crispa.
Sepals and petals rose \ lip purple, with white throat.

A. Lalia prastans. Brazil . . . Fl. des Ser., 1900.

Bat. 2d Cen., 128.
I. H., 193,

as Cattleya pumila.
B. M, 5498.

A dwarf free-blooming species, producing its solitary
flowers twice a year. Flowers lilac-rose, with deep crim-
son-purple lip. Grow on a block or in a basket.

Lalia pumila. SYN. of Cattleya pumila.



3O2 ORCHIDS.

A. Lcelia purpurata. Brazil . Pes., 37.

I. H., 83.

War. Orch., 40.

Pax. Fl. G., 96.

Fl. des Ser., 1138, 1494.

A large-growing plant, one of the most magnificent of
Orchids. The flowers are produced from a long spathe,
resembling Cattleya labiata, on a scape bearing from one
to six flowers, five inches in diameter, varying in color
from rose to pure white ; lip very large, crimson-purple,
but varying much in intensity. A summer bloomer, last-
ing long in perfection. There are many varieties, but we
have never seen a poor one.

B. Lcelia rubescens Fl. des Ser., 742.

B. R., 26, 41.

Perianth white, delicately tipped with green at the
outer edge of the segments ; lip white, with a yellow cen-
tre and a deep purple spot at the base.

A. Lcelia Schilleriana. Brazil.

A species resembling Lcelia elegans. Flower white, with
deep crimson lip. A showy plant.

Lcelia Schilleriana splmdens.

Is a very fine variety, with" large rosy blossoms ; lip
magenta, with yellow throat. This plant blooms twice a
year*

Lcelia Stelzneriana . .... . . Fl. des Ser., 1494.

Is a variety of Lcelia pyrpurata.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 303

A. Ltzlia superbiens. Guatemala . . Bat, 38.

Pax. Mag., n, 97.

B. M., 4090.

War. Orch., 20.

Perianth violet-rose, striped with deeper shades ; lip
rich crimson, striped with yellow. The flowers are pro-
duced ten to twenty on a spike, each measuring three or
four inches across, during the winter, on a spike four or
five feet long.

A. Lcelia Turneri. Brazil .... Bat. 2d Cen., 156.

War. Orch., 12.

A fine species with large highly-colored flowers, often
six inches across. Color deep rosy pink, with white and
magenta lip.

B. Lcelia violacea. Guatemala.

A species resembling Lcelia rubescens.

Lcelia Wolstenholmce.

A very distinct variety of Lcelia elegans, with light ame-
thyst flowers, with deep purple lip. Figured in Warner's
Orchids, second series, 29.

B. Lczlia xanthina. Brazil .... Bat. 2d Cen., 180.

B. M., 5144.

Flowers dull orange-yellow; lip whitish, shaded with
orange-red lines.

These plants require the same treatment as Cattleyas.
They should be grown in the Mexican house. Lcelia tin-
nabarina, L. flava, L. peduncularis, L. superbiens, L. Per-



304 ORCHIDS.

rinii, L. purpurata, and others in well drained pots ; the
dwarf species on blocks. L. Perrinii requires a little
more heat than other species. All Lcelias like plenty of
light. They are of very easy culture and seldom fail to
bloom freely.

The genus is closely related to Cattleya, being distin-
guished by having eight instead of four pollinia, and
many species are known indiscriminately by either name.
Although some species are much more showy than others,
and many are among the most beautiful of orchidaceous
plants, there is not, in the whole family, a plant which is
not worth growing.

Lseliopsis. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from Lalia, and ttyis, resemblance.

Lceliopsis domingensis. St. Domingo . Pax. Fl. G., 105.

Card. Mag., 211.
Lem. Jard., 172,

as Broughtonia.

A very beautiful plant, closely allied to Cattleya. It is
of dwarf habit, producing the flower-spike from the top
of the two-leaved pseudo-bulb. The flowers are lilac,
with a pink crimped lip, and white throat with yellow
lines.

It is best grown on a block, with a little moss, with
plenty of heat, but rather dry when at rest.

These plants are easily grown and flower freely. Its
botanical place was for a while a puzzle. It is not a
Lcelia, because it has only four pollen masses; not a
Broughtonia, for it has no long external spur and dicur-



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 305

rent sepal ; not an Epidendrum, for it wants the unguicu-
late lip, more or less united to the column ; not a Cattleya,
for the flowers are membranous, the veins of the lip
bearded, and the habit different. So a new genus was
constituted to which this plant and those known as Lalia
Lindenii, Epidendrum cubense, and Broughtonia chinensis
will belong.

Lep totes. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from ACTTT 6s, slender.

B. Leptotes bicolor. Brazil B. R., 1625.

Flowers white, with purple spot on lip. Blooms in

winter. A charming little plant.

C. Leptotes bicolor glaucescens. Brazil . . B. M., 3734.
Only differs from the species in having glaucous leaves.


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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 16 of 25)