Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 17 of 25)
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C. Leptotes concolor.

Flower white, purple shade at base of lip.

B. Leptotes serrulata. Brazil Sert. O., 1 1.

A species resembling Leptotes bicolor, but of larger
growth ; the spot on the lip is a deeper purple. Blooms
in April and May.

These plants will thrive in either house, on blocks with
moss, or in pots with peat. They need liberal waterings
in the growing season. Propagated by division. They
are remarkable for having the sepals and petals nearly
linear. They are very pretty and bloom freely. The fo-
liage is thick and rush-like, channeled on the upper side.
20



306 ORCHIDS.

Limatodes. Blume. Terrestrial.

Name unexplained.
A. Limatodes rosea. Moulmein . . . B. M., 5312.

Pax. Fl. G., 81.

A very pretty plant, allied to* Calanthe, with long fusi-
form pseudo-bulbs. The flowers, which are of every
shade, from pure white to deepest pink, are produced on
a tall spike, from the base of the bulb, after the foliage
has died away.

This is one of the parents of the beautiful hybrid
Calanthe Veitchii. Blooms from December to March.

These plants require the same general treatment as
Calanthe vestita; to be potted in peat and leaf mould,
with good drainage, have plenty of water and heat during
growth, and a rest after flowering.



Limodorum. Tournefort.

A name formerly given to many Orchids, which are
now referred to other genera ; for instance :

Limodorum altum, verecundum, trifidum, and tuberosum are

Bletia verecunda.

L. eburneum is Angracum eburneum.
L. ensatum is Cymbidium ensifolium.
L.fakatum is Angrczcum fakatum.
L. hyacinthinum and striatum are Bletia hyacinthina.
L. IncarvillicE and Tankervillitz are Phajus grandifolius.
L. latifolium is Aerides odoratum.
L. longifolium is Cymbidium giganteiun.
L. pendulum is Cymbidium pendulum.
L. purpureum is Epidendrum atropurpureum.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 3O/

L. retusum is Saccolabhim guttatum.

L. unguiculatum is Sarcochilus unguiculatus.

L. ventricosum and veratrifolium are Calanthe bicolor.



Liparis. Richard. Epiphyte and Terrestrial.

Name from \nrap6s, oily, shining.

These plants are of little intere. c t to the amateur.
There are some fifty varieties. We give a few.

EPIPHYTES.
Liparis anceps.
L. ccespitosa.

Z. elata. B. R., 1175 ; B. C., 1558.
L. longipes. Linaley.
L. pendula.

TERRESTRIAL

L. bituberculata.

L. elegans.

L.flavescens.

L.foliosa. B. R., 882; B. M., 2709 ; Lodd. Cab., 1097.

L. guineensis. B. R., 20, 1671.

L. nepalensis.

L. purpurescens.

L. Walkeriana. B. M., 66, 3770.

Lissochilus. Brown. Terrestrial.

Name from AtoWs, smooth, and x ^ 05 > ^P-
A. Lissochilus Horsfallii. Old Calabar. B. M., 5486.

Bat. 2d Cen., 121.

A tall-growing plant, resembling Phajus grandifolius,
producing a tall spike of brown and white flowers, with
purple and green lip.



3O8 ORCHIDS.

A. Lissochilus Krebsii. Natal B. M., 5861.

Sepals green, barred with chocolate ; petals bright yel-
low ; lip yellowish white, marked with crimson.

B. Lissochilus macranthus. Cape of Good Hope.

A. Lissochilus roseus. Sierra Leone . . B. R., 30, 12.
Petals brilliant rose ; sepals velvety brown ; lip yellow.

B. Lissochilus speciosus. Cape of Good Hope.

Pax. Mag., 4, 25.

B. R., 573-
B. Lissochilus streptopetalus.

Sepals green, marked with purple ; petals and lip egg-
yellow.

These plants are grown like Bletia.



Luddemannia. Reichenbach. Epiphyte.

Complimentary to M. Ludclemann.
B. Luddemannia Pescatorei. South America.

SYNS. Cycnoches Pescatorei. Reich. Xen., i, 70, as
Cycnoches Lindleyii. Acineta cryptodonta*

Pes., i, 23.

A plant much resembling Acineta Barkeri in habit, but
with flowers resembling a Lacczna. The flower spike is
pendulous, very long, producing thirty or more rather
small flowers, with brownish yellow sepals and clear yel-
low petals ; lip yellow, with green base. Culture the
same as Acineta, in baskets in moss and peat. A rare
plant.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 309

Luisia. Lindley. Epiphyte.
Name not explained.

Luisia Psyche. Burmah B. M., 5558.

Bat. 2d Cen., 174,

A singular plant, resembling in growth Vanda teres.
Flowers two or three together, on a very short spike ;
sepals and petals pale yellowish green ; lip dark violet
purple, on green ground.

There are other species, mostly with inconspicuous
flowers. Luisia volucris has flowers which are said to
resemble birds with narrow, outspread wing. They may
all be grown on blocks, in the hottest house.

Lycaste. Lindley. Epiphyte.

From Lycaste, mythological.

B. Lycaste aromatica. Mexico . . . Hook Ex., 219.

B. R., 1871.

Perianth greenish yellow; lip golden yellow; very
fragrant and desirable.

C. Lycaste Barringtonice. Jamaica . Lodd. Cab., 1824.

SYNS. Epidendrum Barringtonice. B. R., 1206.
Colax Barringtonice.
Dendrobium Barringtonice.
Maxillaria Barringtonice.
Maxillaria ciliata.
Dendrobium ciliatum.

Flowers variegated white, yellow, and brown ; lip pure
white, with yellow base. This species needs plenty of
heat.



3ro ORCHIDS.

Ly caste Barringtonice grandiflora . . . . B. M., 5706.
A very fine variety, with large white flowers.

Ly caste citrina.

A species resembling Lycaste Harrisonice. Sepals and
petals lemon color ; lip white and lilac.

A. Lycaste cruenta. Guatemala . . . B. R., 1812, 13.
Perianth apple-green ; lip yellow, with dark spot.

Flowers very freely in March and April. A desirable
species. M. aromatica is often sold for this, but the
species are very distinct.

B. Lycaste cruenta major.
Has larger flowers.

B. Lycaste Deppei. Xalapa . . . B. M., 3395.

Pax. Mag., 2, 268.
Lodd. Cab., 1612.

Sepals green, marked with purple ; petals white, marked
with crimson inside; lip brilliant orange, marked with
crimson. Blooms in winter and spring.

C. Lycaste gigantea. St. Martha . . B. R., 31, 34.

B. M., 5616.
Bat. 2d Cen., 198.

A tall-growing species, producing in summer dark
olive-green flowers, with purple lip.

B. Lycaste Harrisonicz. Brazil . . B. M., 2927.
SYNS. Colax Harrisonice B. R., 897.

(Lind). Pax. Mag., 2, 196.

Dendrobium Hqrri- Sert. Bot., 7, as

sonitK. (Hooker). Colax.

Perianth creamy white ; lip purple ; fragrant.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 311

B. Lycaste Harrisonia alba. Brazil.
Perianth pure white, tipped with violet.

A very free-blooming plant of easiest culture. It will
do well, and bloom in the parlor.

A. Lycaste lanipes. South America.

Flowers creamy white, with fringed lip, in autumn.

C. Lycaste macrophylla. Colombia . P. and E., 64.

B. R., 1840, 191.

Perianth green, tinted and spotted with brown ; lip
whitish, variegated with yellow and violet. This species
has a disagreeable odor, and is always found on the
ground under the shade of trees.

B. Lycaste plana. Colombia B. R., 29,35.

This species resembles the last, but the flowers are of

a richer color. It needs heat, and the bulbs should never
be at all covered with soil, as they rot very easily.

B. Lycaste Schilleriana.

A pretty species. Sepals yellowish brown ; petals white ;
lip white, with yellow base.

A. Lycaste Skinneri. Gautemala. F. M., 24, 192.

Jen. Orch., 9. B. M., 4445.

War. Orch., 10. Pax. Mag., u, i.

Bat, 35, as Maxillaria. Fl. des Ser., 303, 304.

Pes., 39. F. M., 2, 35.

Perianth pure white ; sepals lightly tipped with rose ;
petals rosy at the base ; lip spotted with brilliant carmine.
Flowers large and fragrant. Blooms in winter.



312 ORCHIDS.

There are many varieties, differing in intensity of color,
and some with yellow instead of red on the lip ; there is
a pure white variety.

This plant should not be allowed to dry up during
the resting season. All the varieties are beautiful. The
plant is very free blooming, and the flowers are almost
imperishable.

C. Lycaste tetragona. Brazil B. R., 1428.

B. M., 3146.

The flowers are yellowish green and purple, with the
fragrance of violets.

B. Lycaste tyrianthina. Brazil.

Perianth clear wine-color ; lip golden yellow, striped
and marked with vivid purple. Flowers large, fragrant.

This genus was separated from Maxillaria. The spe-
cies are of the easiest growth in pots, with peat, with
good drainage ; give plenty of water in the growing sea-
son, but very little during that of rest.

Macodes.
A name for some species of Anactochilus.

Macodes marmorata. See Ancectochilus Lowii. Reich.
Xen., i, 96.

Macodes Petola. See Anactochilus Petola or imperial!*.

Macrochilus.

Macrochilus Fryanus was a name given to Miltonia spec-
talilis. (Fl. Cab., 45.)



DESCRJPTIKE LIST. 313

Masdevallia. Ruiz and Pavon. Epiphyte.

Name for Joseph Masdevall, a Spanish botanist.
The plants of this genus were formerly more remark-
able for their singularity than their color, but late years
have given us some wonderful discoveries, so that now
it comprises some most attractive plants.

Masdevallia Candida. SYN. of Masdevallia tovarensis.

Masdevallia Chimcera. New Granada . F. M., 2, 149.

B. M., 6152.

A most singular plant. Flowers yellow, spotted with
blood-red, eight inches from tips of sepals, produced from
base of pseudo-bulbs, on arched flower-stalks.

The plant figured in " L'lllustration Horticole," 3, 117,
is Masdevallia nycterina with the coloring of M. Chimczra.

Masdevallia cocdnea. Pamplona . . Reich. Xen., i, 74.
A beautiful little species, with bright-red flowers.

A. Masdevallia Davisii. Peru .... B. M., 6190.
A newly-discovered species, bearing rich golden flow-
ers, but probably, if descriptions are to be depended
upon, very variable in color. Very free-blooming ; flow-
ers four inches in diameter.

Masdevallia Denisoni. New Granada . . F. M., 2, 79.
Flowers very large, on tall stalks, deep purple, with
white base.

Masdevallia Ephipptum. SYN. of Masdevallia Trochilus.

Masdevallia Estrada. New Granada . . B. M., 6171.
A very pretty little species, of neat habit and delicately



314 ORCHIDS.

colored flowers, which are violet-purple, tipped with white,
and with yellow tails.

Masdevallia Harry ana. New Granada . . F. M., 555.

I. H., 142.

Flowers very large, violet-mauve, with yellowish base.
A beautiful and free-flowering species.

Masdevallia Houtteana. Venezuela . Fl. des Ser., 2106.
Flowers white, spotted with carmine, with long red
tails; very curious.

Masdevallia ignea. New Granada . . . F. M., 2, 15.

B. M., 5962.

Flowers orange-scarlet, shaded with crimson, but vary-
ing much in different plants.

Masdevallia Lindeni. New Granada . . F. M., 2, 28.

B. M., 5990.

Jen. Orch., 17.

I. H, 3, 42.

Flowers on tall stalks, brilliant magenta. A very fine
species.

Masdevallia maculata. Colombia. . Fl. des Ser., 2150.
Flowers with long tails, yellowish, with rose and purple
spots.

Masdevallia nycterina. New Granada . . F. M., 2, 150.
An extraordinary species. Flowers triangular, with
long tails, dark rosy purple, spotted with darker shade j
lip white and yellow. The old stalks continue to produce
flowers for a long time.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 315

Masdevallia Peristeria. New Granada . . B. M., 6159.
Flowers yellow, deeply spotted with amethyst-crimson.
Not as showy as the other species.

Masdevallia tovarensis. Colombia . B. M., 5505.

Bat. 2d Cen., 120.
A very neat and pretty plant. Flowers white, in pairs.

Masdevallia Trochilus. New Granada . . I. H., 3, 180.
SYNS. Masdevallia Colubri.

M. Ephippium. B. M., 6208.

Flowers hooded, with long tails, color purple, suffused
with brown, tails bright yellow.

Masdevallia Veitchii. Peru . . . . F. M., 481.

B. M., 5739.

War. Orch., 2, 33.

Fl. des Ser., 1803.

Flowers six inches in diameter, bright orange-scarlet.
A very showy species.

Masdevallia Wagneriana. Central America.

Bot. Mag., 4921.
A small-growing species, with yellow and red flowers.

All the species are free-growing and free-blooming, but
are soon destroyed if kept too hot. They are natives of
high tropical mountains, and require cool treatment and
free air. They should be grown in pots, in peat and
moss, with good drainage, and must never be allowed to
dry up. They flower almost continuously.

At present many of the species are very rare, but they
will soon be attainable.




3l6 ORCHIDS.

Maxillaria. Ruiz and Pavon. Epiphyte.

Name from maxilla, a jaw-bone.
B. Maxillaria Brocklehurstiana. Brazil.

Flowers citron, marked with brown, large and fragrant.

A. Maxillaria cristata. SYN. of Paphinia cristata.

A. Maxillaria grandiflora. Peru .... I. H., 3, 14.
A cool Orchid, of easy culture, and very showy. Flow-
ers pure white ; lip purple and yellow.

Maxillaria Harrisons. See Lycaste Harrisonce.

B. Maxillaria leptosepala. New Granada . B. M., 4434.
Flowers large, very fragrant ; perianth clear yellow ;

lip almost white.

Maxillaria luteo alba. Merida.

SYN. Maxillaria punctata alba.
Flowers large, creamy white.

Maxillaria nigrescens. New Granada.

Flowers dark wine-color ; lip purple. There are many
varieties.

Maxillaria picta. Brazi B. R., 1802.

B. M, 3154.

Flowers yellow, marked with purple, fragrant. Very
freely produced.

Maxillaria picta major.

A larger flower, banded with purple ; fragrance of
almonds and jasmine.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 317

C. Maxillaria nifescens. Brazil . . . . B. R., 1848.

SYN. Maxillaria fitcata. R. R, 79.

Perianth reddish, a little brown ; lip yellow, marked
with crimson. The flowers are small and solitary,, and
only desirable for their vanilla-like perfume.

Maxillaria Skinneri. See Lycaste Skinneri.

Maxillaria splendens. Peru.

Sepals and petals white ; lip orange, margined with
rose.

C. Maxillaria tenuifolia. Vera Cruz. Maund, Bor., 140.

B. R., 1839, 8.

Flowers beautiful purple, marked with yellow, smelling
like an apothecary's shop.

Maxillaria Turneri. South America.

Flowers cinnamon-brown and crimson ; very fragrant.
Should be grown in a cool house.

A. Maxillaria venusta. New Granada. Pes., 38.

B. M., 5296.
Bat. 2d Cen., 118.

Flowers lar^ ; white lip, marked with yellow and with
two red spots resembling large eyes. A most curious
and beautiful plant.

This genus has been much changed, and the finest
species have been given to Bifrenaria, Lycaste, Paphinia,
Warrea, Colax, Promencea, and Scuticaria.

All Maxillarias should be grown as prescribed for Ly
caste.



318 ORCHIDS.

The species are all free-flowering plants of easy cul-
ture, generally blooming in the spring. They are well
worth growing for their fragrance and the persistency of
the flowers, which in some species seem almost imperish-
able. None require much heat, and they like light, but
not full sun.

Megaclinium. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from ^yas, great, and JCA.IVT], a bed.
This genus is more curious than beautiful. The
flowers have the peculiarity of moving and closing the lip
very rapidly.

C. Megaclinium Bufo. Sierra Leone. B. R.

The flowers resemble a number of toads on a spot of
green.

C. Megaclinium fakatum. Sierra Leone . B. R., 989.
Flowers yellow and red.

C. Megaclinium oxypterum. Sierra Leone.
Flowers green.

Megaclinium oxypterum maximum . . . B. R., 1959.

B. M., 4028.
The lip is not movable.

These plants should be grown in hanging baskets, like
Acropera.

Mesospinidium. Reichenbach. Epiphyte.
A. Mesospinidium sanguineum. Peru. Bat. 2d Cen., 196.

B. M, 5627.
A beautiful little cool-house Orchid, from the Andes



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 3 19

of Peru, bearing branching spikes of lovely rose-colored
flowers. It is a most desirable plant, but not very com-
mon.

A. Mesospinidium vulcanicum. Upper Amazon.

B. M., 6001.

This plant resembles an Epidendrum. Flowers in
spikes from the lower leaf of the pseudo-bulb, rosy red,
with a little yellow on the lip.

These plants may be grown in pots or on blocks ; they
do not need much heat, and are impatient of too much
water, but must not dry up even when at rest.



Miltonia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Dedicated to Viscount Milton, Earl Fitzwilliam.

B. Miltonia anceps. Brazil . . . B. M., 5572.

Reich. Xen., i, 21.

A rare species. Flowers dark olive ; lip reddish pur-
ple, on white ground.

A. Miltonia bicolor.

This plant is probably a variety of Miltonia spectabilis,
which it much resembles ; flowers large, white ; lip white,
with violet mark.

A. Miltonia Candida. Brazil . . . Sert. O., tab. 21.

Pax. Mag., 6, 241.

B. M, 3793.

Perianth yellow, richly marked with reddish brown \
lip pure white, marked with violet. Blooms in autumn.



320 ORCHIDS.

A. Miltonia Candida grandiflora.

A larger and finer plant, and much more richly
marked.

A. Miltonia Candida flavescens. Brazil. B. R., 1845, ta ^- 8.
Only differs in the lip being yellowish white.

Miltonia cereola. St. Catharine I. H., 446.

This plant much resembles Miltonia Regnelli, of which
it may be a variety. The flowers are large, white ; lip
white, shaded with delicate purple.

A. Miltonia Clowesii. Brazil . . . B. M., 4109.

SYNS. Brassia Clowesii. Sert. O., tab. 34.

Odontoglossum Clowesii. Pax. Mag., 9, 241.
Sepals and petals pale yellow, barred with chocolate ;
the lip is purple and white. Blooms in September and
October.

Miltonia Clowesii major is larger and finer.

A. Miltonia cuneata. Rio Janeiro . . M. O. P., 2.

B. R., 1845, 8.

I. H., 237.

Flowers large ; sepals reddish brown, with yellow tips j
petals of same color, barred with golden yellow; tips
clear yellow ; lip pure white, very large.

Miltonia f estiva. Brazil.

Flowers in pairs, dark ochre ; lip lilac, with purple
markings.

A. Miltonia Karwinskii. Mexico . Fl. des Sen, 7.

Pax. Mag., 1 6, 162.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 321

Sepals and petals pale yellow, barred with brown ; lip
white at tip, violet at base and reddish in the centre.
Blooms in winter.

Known also as Odontoglossmn Reichenheimii.

A. Miltonia Loddigesii. Rio Janeiro.

Flowers large ; deep rose perianth ; carmine lip.

A. Miltonia Moreliana. Bahia . . . F. M., 2, 143,

SYN. Miltonia purp urea violacea. Jen. Orch., 37.

Gard. Mag., 41.
War. Orch., 32.

Perianth violet ; petals curled at the tip ; lip rose.
Flowers large and fragrant. Blooms in September and
October. There are many varieties, which differ in in-
tensity of color of the lip.

Miltonia odorata. See Aspasia lunata.

B. Miltonia Pinelii. Rio Janeiro.

Perianth yellow j lip white, marked with carmine ; very
fragrant.

A. Miltonia Regnelli. Brazil . . . Reich. Xen., 47,

B. M, 5436.

F. M., 490.

Bat. 2d Cen., 182.

Flowers white, with rosy purple lip ; scape many-
flowered. A fine species ; some of the varieties have an
intense crimson lip.

B. Miltonia Russelliana. Rio Janeiro . Pax. Mag., 217.

B. R., 1830.

Perianth purple-brown, edged and striped with green-
ish yellow ; lip lilac, white tipped.

21



322 ORCHIDS.

A. Miltonia spectabilis. Brazil . . I. P?., 71 and 216.

Pax. Mag., 7-97. M. O. P., i.

I. H., 524, var. rosea. B. M., 4204, 4425.

Lem. Jard., 108. B. R., 1992.

Perianth greenish white ; lip large, violet-purple, edged
with dull white.

There are many varieties, only differing in size of
flower, intensity of the purple of the lip, and purity of
the white.

Miltonia stellata. See Cyrtochilum stellatum.
Miltonia Warner i. SYN. of Miltonia spectabilis rosea.

A. Miltonia Warscewiczii. Peru . . B. M., 5843.

SYNS. Odontoglossum Warscewic- Fl. des Ser., 1831.

zii. I. H., 3, 158.

Odontoglossum Weltoni.
Onddium fuscatum.
Oncidium Weltoni.

A very beautiful plant, bearing a nodding panicle of
flowers, cinnamon-brown, with tips golden yellow; lip
violet-purple, with cream-white margin and pale yellow-
brown blotch. A cool Orchid.

These plants are usually grown in pots, with peat.
Miltonia Clowesii does well in a hanging basket. They
will thrive in either house ; during their season of rest
they should be kept cool and have but little water, and
water should always be carefully given, as too much in-
jures the plants. They should be grown in the shade.
The foliage of most of the species is yellowish green.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. $2$

Mormodes. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from mormo, a goblin.
C. Mormodes aromatica. Guatemala . M. O. P., 2.

B. R., 1836, 56.

Flowers dirty, greenish white, tinted and spotted with
chocolate purple. Fragrant.

C. Mormodes lineata. Guatemala. M. O. P., 2.

B. R., 1842, tab. 43.

Perianth yellow, striped with vermilion ; lip white,
marked with violet ; flower fragrant. The plant needs a
gentle heat.

B. Mormodes titrina. Mexico.

Flowers yellow, in July and August.

B. Mormodes luxata. Mexico . . . . M. O. P., 3.

B. R., 29, 33.

Flower pale citron ; lip with brown stripes in the cen-
tre ; very fragrant. Blooms in July.

C. Mormodes pardina unicolor. Mexico . B. M., 3879,

39-
Bat., 14.
Fl. Cab., 113.
I. H, 25.

Flowers beautiful yellow, barred and spotted with deep
red.

These plants are cultivated like Catasetum, but they are
not popular, and are seldom found in collections.
Other species are :

>;



324 ORCHIDS.

Mormodes igneum. Pax. Fl. G., 93 ; Lem. Jard., 330.
M. Colossus, B. M., 5840.
M. Cartoni. B. M., 4214.
M. Greenii. B. M., 5802.
M. Hookeri. Lem. Jard., 118.



Myanthus. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from /xu/o, a fly.

C. Myanthus cernuus. Brazil . . . B. R., tab. 1721.
Flowers yellowish green, plentifully marked with dark
purple. Cultivated like Catasetum.

Myanthus barbatus. Pax. Mag., 2, 124; B. R., 1778; B. M.,

35I4-

M. spinosus. B. M., 3802.
M. deltoideus. B. R., 1896 ; B. M., 3923.

Myrobroma.
An old name of Vanilla.



N.
Nanodes. Reichenbach. Epiphyte.

Name from vav&Hiis, pigmy.

B. Nanodes Medusas. Ecuador . . Fl. des Ser., 1771.

B. M., 5723.

A singular plant, with stout flattened stem, pale glau-
cous foliage, and lurid purple fringed flowers. Grow on
a block, in the cool house. A rare plant, more curious
than beautiful.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 325



Nasonia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from naso, a nose.

Nasonia punctata. Peru B. M., 5718.

A dwarf-growing plant without pseudo-bulbs, and with
small green alternate leaves. Flowers large, from axils of
leaves on short scapes ; bright cinnabar-red, with centre
of lip yellow ; very pretty.



Neottia. Linnceus. Terrestrial.

Name from veoffffid, a nest.

C. Neottia orchioides. . Brazil B. M., 1036.

B. R., 701.
Flowers rose.

The plants of this genus, except the above, are not
sufficiently showy for the Orchid house.
The following are species :

Neottia aphylla. B. M., 2797.

N. bicolor. B. R., 794.

N. calcarata. B. M., 3403.

N. elata. Schwartz. B. M., 2026 ; Lodd. Cab., 343.

N. grandiftora. B. M., 2730, 2956.

N. picta. B. M., 1562.

N. plantaginea. Hook. Ex., 226.

N. pudica. Sweet.

N. tortilis. Schwartz.

They should be grown like Bletia.



326 ORCHIDS.

Notylia. Lindley. Epiphyte.

Name from PWTOS, the back, and rv\os, a lump.

This genus has little to recommend it.

The following are the best species :
Notylia Barkeri.

N. bicolor. B. M., 5609; Bat. 2d Cen., 199.
N. incurva.
N. micrantha.
N. punctata. B. R., 759.

SYNS. Pleurothollis punctata. B. R.,

Gomeza tannifolia.
N. tennis.

Cultivate as directed for Burlingtonia.



o.

Octomeria. Brown. Epiphyte.

Name from bicrd, eight, and fie'pos, a part.
There is nothing remarkable in this genus.
Octomeria graminifolia. B. M., 2764; Lodd. Cab., 1891.
O. serratifolia. B. M., 2823.

Octomeria convallaroides, O. flava, O. rosea, O. stellata^
and O. pubescens, are now all referred to Eria.

Odontoglossum. Humboldt and Kunth. Epiphyte.

Name from oSovs, a tooth and y\uxr<ra, a tongue.

Odontoglossum affine. SYN. of Odontoglossum Reichen-
heimii.



DESCRIPTIVE LIST. 327

Odontoglossum Alexandra. Bogota . Jen. Orch., 26.

SYNS. Odontoglossum Bluntii. Bat. Odon., 14, 19.
O. crisp urn. B. M., 5691, 5697,

5736.

F. M, 343.
Fl. des Ser., 1652.
War. Orch., 2, 23.

A very beautiful species, sporting in many varieties.
The type seems to be pure white with bright golden spots
on the lip, but the markings vary to red, rose, purplish
brown, and many shadings, varying also greatly in the
size of the spots and markings. The flower-spike is
about twelve inches high, gracefully arching, and bearing
from six to twelve large flowers, often three inches or
more in diameter, but in fine varieties the spike is often
much longer, and bears many more flowers. It is a free
bloomer, but requires to be kept very cool.

Odontoglossum anceps I. H., 128.

SYN. of Miltonia anceps.

Odontoglossum Andersonianum. New Granada.

F. M., 2, 45.

A beautiful plant, probably a natural hybrid between
Odontoglossum Alexandra and O. prcestans or O. glorio-
sum. The flower is the shape of the former, but sepals
and petals are a little narrower. It is creamy white (not
milk white), the inferior halves of the sepals and petals


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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 17 of 25)