Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 23 of 25)
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430 ORCHIDS.

slightly altered. Here and there, after the same manner, we
may shorten a Latin orchidaceous name, saying Dendrobe^
Oncid, Cypripede, instead of Dendrobium^ Oncidiuin, and Cy-
pripediuiii) following, too, in that procedure, the plan recom-
mended by Mr. Bentham with regard to the names of certain
English wild flowers ; but there are many names which cannot
Ix so abbreviated without sacrifice of euphony, and these will
be adopted by all sensible people without a murmur, just as,
a little while ago, they accepted fuchsia and rhododendron,
and the hundreds of similar names which have virtually be-
come the English ones. A little time only is wanting, and
Calanthe will slide into every day speech, just as * polyanthus '
has done ; that is to say, with every one who cares to know
what a Calanthe is, our own experience leading us to the be-
lief that those who object to * Latin ' names do not want to
learn the English ones either.

" The above argument of course places the matter upon its
lowest platform. There is no need to point out anew that
without scientific names there could not possibly be any re-
ciprocal understanding, or any uniformity of action among
florists and botanists, especially those residing in different
countries, every geographical change implying a new set of
vernacular terms.

" The exotic vernacular, were it adopted as a whole, would
scarcely be an improvement upon the Latin, if we may judge
from the Mexican names of two Orchids figured by Hernan-
dez, for instead of Stanhopea we should have to say Coatzonte
Coxochitl; and instead of L(zlia majalts, Chichilitic Tepe-
tlavhxochitl.

" The bestowal of the names of the genera of Orchids we
owe to many different writers from Tournefort onwards. Or-
dinarily the genus has been defined by the contriver of the
name it bears, but to this there are exceptions. What share
the botanists who have dealt with Orchids have had in estab-



SIGNIFICATION OF NAMES. 431

lishing tlie genera, the names of which appear in this volume,
may be judged from the following summary : " l

Tournefort. Limodorum, Orchis.

Bergius. Disa.

Linnceus. Cypripedium, Epidendrum, Neottia.

Swartz. Cymbidium, Dendrobium, Oncidium.

Ruiz and Pavon. Anguloa, Bletia, Fernandezia, Gongora,

Masdevallia, Maxillaria, Rodriguezia, Sobralia.
Poeppig and Endlicher. Comparettia, Scaphyglottis, Tricho-

centrum.

Plumier. Vanilla.

Loureiro. Aerides, Phajus, Renanthera.
Hiimboldt, Bonpland, and Kunth. Cyrtochilum, lonopsis,

Odontoglossum, Restrepia.
D. Don. Pleione.
Ad. Brongniart. Houlletia.
La Llave. Arpophyllum.
Salisbury. Ornithidium.
Willdenow. Habenaria.
Blume. Acanthophippium, Anaectochilus, Aporum, Arachnis,

Arundina, Cleisostoma, Dendrochilum, Grammatophyl-

lum, Limatodes, Macodes, Phalaenopsis.
Knowles and Wescott. Barkeria.
Du Petit Thouars. Angrascum, Bolbophyllum.
L. C. Richard. Catasetum, Liparis, Physurus.
Robert Brown. Brassia, Broughtonia, Calanthe, Cyrtopo-

dium, Dipodium, Eulophia, Goodyera, Isochilus, Lisso-

chilus, Octomeria, Pleurothallis, Ponthieva, Sarcochilus,

Vanda.

1 For this introduction to the Glossary, which so fully and con-
cisely states the subject, the writer is indebted to Mr. Leo Grindon,
Lecturer on Botany at the Royal School of Medicine, Manchester,
England, by whom it was written for a little volume called Fairfield
Orc/iids, to which reference has already been made.



432 ORCHIDS.

Hooker. Coryanthes, Peristeria, Polystachya, Stanhopea, Zy-
gopetalum.

Lindley. Acranthus, Acineta, Acropera, Ada, Aganisia, An-
sellia, Batemania, Bifrenaria, Brasavola, Bromheadia,
Burlingtonia, Camaridium, Camarotis, Cattleya, Chysis,
Cirrhoea, Cirrhopetalum, Coelia, Coelogyne, Colax, Cyo
noches, Cyrtopera, Dichaea, Dicripta, Dienia, Dinema,
Drymoda, Eria, Eriopsis, Galeandra, Galliotia, Govenia,
Grobya, Hartwegia, Helcia, Huntleya, Ipsea, Lacaena,
Laelia, Laeliopsis, Leptotes, Lycaste, Luisia, Megaclinium,
Miltonia, Mormodes, Myanthus, Nasonia, Notylia, (Eceo-
clades, Paphinia, Paxtonia, Pholidota, Physosiphon, Pi-
lumna, Prescottia, Promenaea, Saccolabium, Sarcanthus,
Sauroglossum, Schomburgkia, Scuticaria, Sophronitis,
Specklinia, Trichopilia, Trigonidium, Uropedium, Warrea.

Reichenbach fil. Bollea, Luddemannia, Mesospinidium, Nan-
odes, Palumbina, Pescatorea, Polycycnis, Preptanthe,
Selenipedium, Stenia, Thunia, Warscewiczella.



GLOSSARY.



A.

Abruptus, -a, -um. Broken off.

Acanthophippium. Name obscure ? From ephippia, a sad-
dle-cloth, alluding to the formation of the flower.

Acaulis, -e. Having no stem.

Acicularis, -e. Pointed, needle-like.

Acinaceus, -a, -um. Hooked, scimeter-shaped.

Acine'ta. Immovable, referring to the union of the base of
the labellum with the column.

Acklan'diae. In compliment to the late Lady Ackland, wife
of Sir Thomas D. Ackland, of Killerton, near Exeter,
by whom the Cattleya so named was introduced from
Brazil.

Acranthus. Altered from the Greek aer, the air, and anthos,
a flower.

Acropera. From akros, the end, and pera, a pouch, alluding
to the shape of the flower.

Acuminate. ") Drawn out into a long and tapering

Acuxninatus. -a, -um. ) point.

Acutipetalue, -a, -um. Having acute petals.

Acutus, -a, -um. Sharp pointed.

Ada. Named by Dr. Lindley, probably in compliment to some
lady.

Aduncus, -a, -um. Hooked.

.ZEmulus, -a, -um. Rivaling, thence superior, very handsome.

Aerial plants are such as grow upon others, as opposed to
having their roots in the earth, or being aquatic.
28



434 ORCHIDS.

Aerides. From aer, the air, signifying air plant.

Aeriformis, -e. Resembling an Aerides.

Affinis, -e. Related to, but used in the sense of doubtful or
ambiguous.

Africanus, -a, -um. Native of Africa.

Aganisia. From aganos, lovely.

Aggregatus, -a, -um. When many parts, such as flowers or
fruits, are placed side by side in such a way that not one
can be removed without impairing the symmetry of the
mass.

Ainsworthii. Complimentary to Dr. Ainsworth, of Brough-
ton, Manchester, who raised Dendrobium Ainsworthii.

Alatus, -a, -um. Winged.

Albertinese. A complimentary name.

Albido-fulvus, -a, -um. Yellow and white.

Albidus, -a, -um. Whitish.

Albo-sanguineus, -a, -um. Whitish blood color, or a com-
bination of these two colors.

Albo-striatus, -a, -um. Striped with white.

Albus, -a, -um. Clear, but not shining, white.

Alexandras. Complimentary to the Princess Alexandra.

Alifolius, -a, -um. Winged-leaved.

Aloefolius, -a, -um. Aloe-leaved.

Alpine. } Growing upon mountains in cold coun-

Alpinus, -a, -um. > tries. Also, by usage, any delicate
and mossy plants, whatever their native habitat.

Altissimus, -a, -um. Very tall, or tallest of its congeners.

Amabilis, -e. Lovely.

Ambiguus, -a, -um. Doubtful.

Amboinensis, -e. Native of Amboyna.

Amethystinus, -a, -um. Pale violet.

Amethystoglossus, -a, -um. Having an amethyst-colored
lip.

Amherstiae. In honor of Lady Amherst, a zealous patron of
botany.



GLOSSARY. 435

Amictus, -a, -um. Frilled.

Amcenus, -a, -um. Charming.

Ampliatus, -a, -um. Enlarged.

Amplus, -a, -um. Large and thus fine, noble.

Ampullaceus, -a, -um. Flask or bottle-shaped.

Anaectochilus. From anoiktos, open, and cheilos, a lip.

Anceps. Two-edged.

Andersoniae. Complimentary to several of the name, espe-
cially the late Dj". Thomas Anderson, superintendent of
the Calcutta Botanic Garden. Ob. Oct. 26, 1870.

Angraecum. When Rumphius first went to Amboyna, nearly
two centuries ago, he found the Malayan name for any
epiphytal Orchid to be angrec. This word Latinized he
used in the Herbarium Amboynense for the dozen species
he describes and figures therein.

Angulo'a. Complimentary to Francis de Angulo, Director of
the Spanish Mines in Peru.

Augustus, -a, -um,

Angustatus, -a, -um.

Angustifolius, -a, -um. Narrow-leaved.

Annual. Living only one year or less.

Anosmus, -a, -um. Scentless.

Ansellia. Commemorative of Mr. John Ansell, who discov-
ered the plant in Africa.

Antennifera. Bearing antennae.

Anther. The terminal and hollow portion of the stamen,
usually a distinct case, and usually of two cells or com-
partments, each containing pollen.

Antioquiensis, -e. Native of Antioquia, a district of New
Granada.

Aphrodite. A name of Venus, and thence beautiful.

Aphyllus, -a, -um. Leafless ; destitute at all times of true
leaves, a condition of many Orchids.

Apiferus, -a, -um. From apis, a bee, and fero, to bear ; lit-
erally bearing bees, alluding to the shape of the flowers.



I Narrow, applied to parts of the flower.



436 ORCHIDS.

Aporum. From aporux, a running shoot, referring to the
growth of the plant.

Apterus, -a, -um. Wingless.

Aqueus, -a, -um. Watery, thence thin_^ applied to petals of a
flower.

Araclinis, ) In mythology, Arachne was very skillful with

Arachnites. > her needle. She was changed by Minerva
into a spider, which the plants resemble.

Arbuscula. Resembling a little tree.

Arembergii. In honor of Prince d'Aremberg.

Argenteus, -a, -um. Silvery.

Argus. Was the hundred-eyed keeper of lo.

Arietinus, -a, -um. Shaped like a ram's head.

Armeniacus, -a, -um. Apricot-colored.

Arpophyllum. Having leaves shaped like a scimeter ; from
harpe, a scimeter, and phullon, a leaf.

Articulated. Jointed and capable of readily separating with-
out tearing, so as to leave a clean scar.

Articulatus, -a, -um. Jointed.

Arundina. From arundo, a reed.

Aspasia. From the Greek aspazomai, to cling to.

Asper, -a, -um. Rough.

Asperatus, -a, -um. Roughened.

Astranthus, -a, -um. Starry.

Atratus, -a, -um. Blackish.

Atropurpureus, -a, -um. Dark purple.

Atro-rubens. Deep reddish.

Aureo-purpureus, -a, -um. Purple and gold.

Aurantiacus, -a, -um. Orange colored.

Aureo-flavus, -a, -um. Golden yellow.

Aureo-fulvus, -a, -um. Tawny yellow.

Aureus, -a, -um. \

Aurosus, -a, -um. > Gold colored.

Auratus, -a, -um. )

Auritus, -a, -um. Having ears.



GLOSSARY. 437

Autumnalis, -e. Autumn flowering.

Axil. The cavity or angle between the stem and the inner

base of the leaf or petiole. Flowers, etc., arising from

this point are " axillary."

B.

Bambusifolius, -a, -um. Bamboo-leaved.
Barbatus, -a, -um. Bearded, /. <?., provided or beset with

long weak hairs or terminating in a mass of hairs, usually

more or less straight and parallel. The negative ex-
pressed by imberbis.
Barbatulus, -a, -um. Thinly bearded.
Barbigerus, -a, -um. Bearded or bearing a beard, alluding to

the fringed lip of many plants.
Barelli. In honor of Mr. Barell, a botanist at Cape of Good

Hope.

Barker!. "i Complimentary to the late Geo. Bar-

Barkeria. \ ker, of Birmingham, a celebrated

Barkerianus, -a, -um. J Orchid-grower, who died in 1845.
Barringtoniae. Dedicated to Lady Barrington.
Batemannia. ) In compliment to James Bateman, the distin-
Batemani. ) guished orchiologist.
Baueri. In honor of the botanical draughtsmen, Messrs.

Francis and Ferdinand Bauer.
Beaumontii. Commemorative of Beaumont.
Bensoniae. In compliment to Lieutenant-colonel Benson, of

Rangoon. Several species are also named in compliment

to Mrs. Benson.

Bernaysii. In honor of Mr. A. Bernays, of Queensland.
Bicallosus, -a, -um. Having two calluses, or hard projections

on lip.

Bicolor. Two colored.
Bicornutus, -a, -um. Two horned.
Bictoniensis, -e. Refers to Bicton, the seat of Lord Rolle,

near Sidmouth.



438 ORCHIDS.

Bidens. Two-toothed.

Biennial Plants. Such as spring from the seed one year

blossom the following year, and then die.
Bifidus, -a, -um. Cleft half-way to the base.
Biflorus, -a, -um. Two-flowered.

Bifolius, -a, -um. Having two leaves, neither more or less.
Biforatus, -a, -um. Having two holes.
Bifrenaria. From, bis, double, and frenum, a bridle.
Bigibbus, -a, -um. Having two small protuberances.
Bilobus, -a, -um. Two-lobed, as a leaf, petal, or lip.
Bipartite. Cleft nearly to the base.
Bipuuctatus, -a, -um. Having two punctures.
Bituberculatus, -a, -um. Having two tubercles or promi-
nences.

Blanchetti. In honor of Mr. Blanchette.
Blandus, -a, -um. Pleasing, charming.
Bletia. Dedicated to Louis Blet.
Blumei. Complimentary to Dr. Blume, the writer on East

Indian Botany.
Bluntii. In memory of Mr. Blunt, who in 1862-64 collected

plants in Brazil and New Granada, for Messrs. Low.
Bolbophyllum. From bolbos, a bulb, and phullon, a leaf,

literally bulb-leaf.
Boothianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Mr. W. B. Booth,

an English gardener, about 1838.
Boxalli. Complimentary to Mr. Boxall, an employee of

Messrs. Low.

Brabantiae. In honor of the Duchess of Brabant.
Brachiatus, -a, -um. Branched or having arms ; in Brassia

brachiata it refers to the very long tails.
Brachypetalus, -a, -um. Having petals like arms.
Bracteatus, -a, -um. Having bracts.
Bracteolatus, -a, -um. Bearing bracts.
Bracts. Leaves much diminished in size and more or less

altered in form, usually standing very near to the flowers



GLOSSARY. 439

or their peduncles ; often petaloid and gayly colored. In

Orchids they are never absent, though occasionally de-
ciduous, and sometimes add greatly to the beauty of the

inflorescence.
Bractescens. Having very large bracts or a strong tendency

to the development of bracts.
Brasavola. In honor of Antonio Musa Brasavola, a noble

Venetian, one of the most enlightened botanists of his

day.

Brasavolae. Like a Brasavola.
Brassia. Commemorative of Mr. Brass, a botanist who

about 1790 collected plants in Africa, for Sir Joseph

Banks.

Brevifolius, -a, -um. Short-leaved.
Brocklehurstianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to the late

Thomas Brocklehurst, a distinguished Orchid amateur

near Manchester. Ob. Nov. 7, 1870.
Bromheadia. In honor of Sir Edward French Bromhead,

a zealous botanist.
Brookei. Complimentary to Sir Richard Brooke, Norton

Priory, near Runcorn. Ob. Nov. u, 1865.
Broughtonia. In memory of Arthur Broughton, a botanist

in Jamaica.
Brysianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to the Belgian botanist,

Mr. Brys.
Bucephalus. A horse of Alexander the Great.

> Resembling a toad.
Bufonius, -a, -um. )

Bulbosus, -a, -um. Having bulbs. Applied to abnormal
stems of similar shape.

Bulleni. ) Complimentary to Mr. R. Bullen, for

Bullenianus, -a, -um. ) many years a foreman at Messrs.
Lows.

Burlingtonia. Complimentary to Blanche Georgiana, Count-
ess of Burlington. Ob. April 27, 1840.



440 ORCHIDS.

Burtii. Commemorative of Mr. Burt, so Mr. Endres of Costa
Rica named Batemannia Burtii.

C.

Ceerulescens. Having a tendency to blue.

Caeruleus, -a, -um. Pale indigo blue.

Ceespitosus, -a, -um. Growing in tufts.

Calamaria. Reed or quill-stemmed, from calamus, a reed.

Calamiformis, -e. Shaped like a reed.

Calanthe. >

} Lovely flower.
Calaiitnum. )

Calcaratus, -a, -um. Chalky dead white color.

Calceolaria. Resembling a Calceolaria.

Calceolus. Shaped like a little shoe.

Calocheilus, -a, -um. Having a beautiful lip.

Callosus, -a, -um. Having a thick skin or covering.

Calyx. The outermost of the two sets of leafy pieces which
constitute a perfect flower or "perianth," the corolla (con-
stituted of petals) being interior to it.

Camaridium. From kamara, an arched roof or chamber.

Camarotis. Chambered flower, in reference to the form of the
lip.

Cambridgianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Augusta Louisa,
first Duchess of Cambridge, who was on a visit to Chats-
worth in 1838, when Dendrobium Cambridgianum first
flowered.

Campanulatus, -a, -um. Bell-shaped.

Candelabre. In form of a candelabrum.

Candidus, -a, -um. Pure, lustrous white.

Candollei. In honor of De Candolle, the distinguished bot-
anist.

Caniculatus, -a, -um. Channeled, generally referring to the
foliage.

Capillipes. Hairy-footed.

Cardinalis, -e. Cardinal color.



GLOSSARY.



44!



Careyanum. In compliment to Dr. Carey, of Serampore,
India.

Caricinus, -a, -um. Sedge-leaved.

Cariniferus, -a, -um. Having a keel.

Carneus, -a, -um. Flesh-colored.

Carthaginense. From Carthagena.

Cartoni. Complimentary to Mr. Carton, gardener to the
Duke of Northumberland, at Lyon House.

Catasetum. From kata, downwards, and seta, a bristle, allud-
ing to direction of bristles in the flowers.

Cathcartii. In honor of the late Judge Cathcart.

Catillus. From Catullus, a Roman emperor.

Cattleya. In honor of Wm. Cattleya, of Barnet, Hertford-
shire, one of the earliest amateur growers of Orchids.

Caudatus, -a, -um. Having long tails.

Caudicle. | A little tail ; applied to the minute stalks

Caudiculus. ) which sustain the pollen mosses of Orchid
flowers.

Caulescens. Having a tendency to develop stems.

Caulescent. Possessed of a more or less obvious stem.

Cavendishii. Complimentary to Wm. Spencer Cavendish,
sixth Duke of Devonshire. Ob. Jan. 17, 1838.

Cebolleta. The leaves of the Oncidium, so called, resemble
those of the chive (A Ilium Schoenoprasuni), the French
name of which is ciboullete.

Cepiformis, -e. Onion-shaped.

Ceratochilus. Horn lip, alluding to the polished lip of the
Stanhopea.

Cereolus, -a, -um. Waxy.

Cerinus, -a, -um. Wax-colored.

Cernuus, -a, -um. Somewhat pendulous, drooping.

Cervantesii. In compliment to the Spanish botanist, Vicente
Cervantes.

G'haillainum. Commemorative of the African traveller

Chaillau.



442 ORCHIDS.

Chantinii. In compliment to Chantin, a French horticultu-
rist.

Cheirostylis. From cheir, a hand, and stylos, a style.

Chinensis, -e. From China.

Chloranthus, -a, -um. Having greenish-yellow flowers.

Chlorops. Pale green.

Chlorochilus, -a, -um. Green-lipped.

Chocoensis. Natives of the province of Choco, in New
Granada.

Chimaera. A mythological monster, that spouted fire.

-Chrysanthus, -a, -um. Golden-flowered.

Chrysocrepis. Golden-shoed.

Chrysothyrsus. Golden-racemed, a thyrse of golden flow-
ers.

Chrysotis. Golden eared.

Chrysotoxus, -a, -um. Golden-arched.

Chysis. Anything melted, the pollinia seeming to be fused
together.

Ciliaris, -e. Fringed.

> Minutely and very delicately fringed.
Ciliatus, -a, -um. j

Cinnabarinus, -a, -um. Vermilion-colored.

Cirrhsea. From cirrus, a ringlet or tendril.

Cirrhopetalum. From kerros, tawny, and petalon, a petal.

Citratus, -a, -um. Of orange color, or smelling like orange.

Citrinus, -a, -um. Lemon-colored.

Citrosmus, -a, -um. Citron-scented.

Clavatus, -a, -um. Club-shaped ; solid cylindrical, slender at
the base and gradually thickening upwards.

Cleisostoma. From kleistos, closed, and stoma, a mouth.

Clowesii. Commemorates the late Rev. John Clowes, of
Manchester, ob. Sept. 28, 1846, bequeathing his mag-
nificent collection of Orchids to Kew Gardens.

Cnemidophorus, -a, -um. Having spaces between two knots.
Sheathed.



GLOSSARY. 443

Coccineus, -a, -um. Bright scarlet.

Cochleatus, -a, -um. Spoon-shaped, usually in reference to

the lip of a flower.
Ccelia. From koilos, hollow.
Coelogyne. Hollow stigma.
Colax. From kolay, a parasite.
Colleyi. Commemorative of Mr. Colley, a collector of Orchids

in Demarara for James Bateman.
Colorans. Colored.
Colossus. Colossal, large.
Column. In an Orchid flower a composite body consisting

of three styles and four stamens, the whole welded into

a solid mass.

Comosus, -a, -um. Hairy. With long hair.
Comparettia. Dedicated by Poeppig and Endlicher to Pro-
fessor Comparetti.
Compressus, -a, -um. Compressed, constricted, alluding to

shape of parts of a flower.
Conchoideus, -a, -um. Resembling a shell.
Concolor. Uniformity of hue in sepals and petals.
Coiigestus, -a, -um. Thick, full.
Coiinivent. Drawing together, so as to form an arch.
Conopseus, -a, -um. Resembling a gnat.
Constrictus, -a, -um. Drawn together, contracted.
Convallaroides. Resembling a Convallaria.
Cooperianum. Complimentary to Mr. Cooper, of Alpha

House, an amateur in Orchids.

Cordate. )

> Heart-shaped.
Cordatus, -a, -um. )

Coriaceus, -a, -um. Leathery, usually applied to thick
leaves.

Cornigerus, -a, -um. Bearing horns.

Corolla. The circle of floral pieces intermediate between the
calyx and stamens, the pieces when free being called
petals. Never wanting in Orchids, though sometimes,
as in Masdevallia, much inferior in size to the sepals.



444 ORCHIDS.

Coronarius, -a, -um. Resembling a crown or garland, or

adapted for chaplets.

Cornu-cervi. Stag's horn ; flattened like an antler.
Cornutus, -a, -um. Horned.

Corrugatus, -a, -um. Rough, wrinkled, usually as to appear-
ance of pseudo-bulbs.
Coryanthes. Name from korus, a helmet, and anthos, a

flower.

Crassifolius, -a, -um. Thick-leaved.
Crassinodis, -e. Having remarkably swollen joints.
Crepidatus, -a, -um. Shaped like old-fashioned sandals.
Cretaceus, -a, -um. Chalky white.
Criniferus, -a, -um. Hairy.

Crinitus, -a, -um. Having hairs upon the surface.
Crispilabius, -a, -um. Crispy-lipped.
Crispus, -a, -um. Crisped along the margin.
Cristatus, -a, -um. Crested.
Crocidipterus, -a, -um. Having crocus or saffron-colored

wings.
Croesus. A king of Lydia, famous for his wealth ; Oncidium

Croesus is so named for its rich golden color.
Cruciformis, -e. Shaped like the heraldic Greek cross, or

with the four arms all of equal length.

Cruentus, -a, -um. Blood-color, or with blood-colored spots.
Crumenatus, -a, -nm. Purse-shaped.
Cryptocopis. Having long sepals.
Crystallinus, -a, -um. Resembling ice in solidity or translu-

cency.

Cucullate. | Shaped like the cowl or hood worn by

Cucullatus, -a, -um. ) monks.
Cucumerinus, -a, -um. Resembling a cucumber.

Cuneate. >

>- Wedge-shaped.
Cuneatus, -a, -um. )

Curaingii. In memory of Mr. Hugh Cuming, who introduced
many fine Orchids, especially Phalcenopsis amabilis.



GLOSSARY. 445

Cupreus, -a, -um. Copper- colored.

Curculigoides. Resembling a curculigo.

Curvifolius, -a, -um. Curving-leaved.

Cuspidatus, -a, -um. Pointed, or tapering to a point.

Cyaneus, -a, -um. Bright blue, azure.

Cycnoches. From kuknos, a swan, and auxen, a neck.

Cylindricus, -a, -um. Long and slender, the horizontal sec-
tion circular.

Cymbidium. Boat-shaped, in allusion to the form of the lip.
From kumba, a boat.

Cypripedium. Literally " Venus 's slipper," Cypris having
been one of the names of that goddess. In conformity
with the custom that prevailed after the revival of learning
many things originally dedicated to Venus were trans-
ferred to " Our Lady," Notre Dame, the Virgin Mary.
Hence we find the European Cypripedium formerly bear-
ing the name of Calceolus Marianns, " the slipper of our
Lady," of which the modern " Ladies' slipper," instead of
Lady's slipper, is an erroneous writing.

Cyrtochilum. From kurtos, arched, and cheilos, a lip.

Cyrtopera. From kurtos, arched, and pera, a sack or bag.

Cyrtopodium. From kurtos, arched, ft&d/fc*M^ a foot.

D.

Daisy. A complimentary name.

Dalhousianus, -a, -um. In compliment to the late Countess
of Dalhousie.

Davisii. In memory of Mr. W. Davis, a botanical collector
in Peru.

Dawsoni. "> In compliment to Thomas Dawson,

Dawsoiiianus, -a, -um. ) Meadow Bank, Uddington, near
Glasgow, a celebrated grower of Orchids.

Dayanus, -a, -um. ] In compliment to John Day, High Cross,

Dayi. j Tottenham, who has a magnificent col-

lection of Orchids.



446 ORCHIDS.

Deciduous. Applied to organs of any kind, which after ful-
filling their functions, detach themselves bodily from the
part they were attached to.

Decorus, -a, -um. Comely.

Delicatus, -a, -um. Neat and tender.

Deltoideus, -a, -um. Delta-shaped, alluding to form of the
lip or petals.

Dendrobium. From dendron, a tree, and bios, life.

Deiidrochilum. From dendron, a tree, and cheilos, a lip, a
lip-flowered epiphyte.

Denisoiiianus, -a, -um. "] In compliment to Lady Londesbor-

Denisoni. } ough, wife of W. H. F. Denison,

Denisonse. J Baron Londesborough.

Densiflorus, -a, -um. Having the flowers densely clustered.

Densus, -a, -um. Thick ; may allude either to the habit of
the plant, or to the texture of foliage or flower.

Dentatus, -a, -um. Toothed, dentate.

Denticulatus, -a, -um. Minutely toothed, denticulate.

Denudans. Unclothed, naked, referring to parts of the
flower.

Dependens. Drooping.

Deppei. In honor of Mr. Deppe, a collector in Mexico.

Devonianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to William Spencer
Cavendish, sixth Duke of Devonshire, who at Chatsworth
so liberally promoted the science of Botany.

Diadema. Like a diadem, which was formerly an ornament
spanning the front of the head.

Diandrous. Having two stamens, neither more nor less.

Dichoea. From diche, in two, alluding to arrangement of the
leaves.

Dichotomus, -a, -um. Dividing or forking into two branches.


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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 23 of 25)