Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

. (page 24 of 25)
Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 24 of 25)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Dichromus, -a, -um. Two-colored.

Dicrypta. From dis, double, and knipto, to conceal, alluding
to structure of the pollinia.

Dienia. From dis, two, and enia, a strap, alluding to attach-
ment of pollen masses.



GLOSSARY. 447

Digbyanus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Edward St. Vincent

Digby, Minterne, Dorsetshire, with whom, in 1846, Bras-

avola Digbyanus first flowered.

Digitatus, -a, -um. Digitate, with narrow, deep cut lobes.
Dimorphism. The curious phenomena in orchidious plants

of two or more shapes of flower being developed upon the

same plant or upon individuals of the same species.
Dinema. From dis, two, and neo, to spin, alluding to the

thread-like horns of the column.
Dipodium. From dis, two, and pous, a foot, referring to the

threads of the pollinia.
Disa. Meaning unknown. Linnaeus adopted this name from

Bergius.
Discolor. When the two surfaces of a leaf or petal are of two

different colors.

Distichus, -a, -um. | Converged in two vertical ranks, so as
Distichous. ) to present a flat front.

Divaricatus, -a, -um. Straggling, spreading irregularly in

various directions.

Dixanthus, -a, -um. Having flowers of two shades of yellow.
Domingensis. Native of St. Domingo.
Dominianum. In compliment to Mr. Dominy, foreman at

James Veitch's, whose hybrid Orchids have immortalized

his name.

Dorsal. Behind, as at the back of anything.
Dowianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Captain J. M. Dow.
Drymoda. From drumos, a forest.
Dubius, -a, -um. Doubtful, uncertain, applied to plants of

uncertain affinities.

B.

Eburneus, -a, -um. Ivory like.

Ecornutus, -a, -um. Without horns.

Edithiana. Complimentary.

Egertonianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Mr, Egerton ;

Cycnoches Egertonianum.



448 ORCHIDS.

Ehrenbergii. Dedicated to Charles Ehrenberg, the natural-
ist.

Elatus, -a, -urn. Tall, taller than the parts or organs of the
plant would lead us to expect, or tall in comparison with
its near allies.

El Dorado. The Golden, the name of the fabulous country
described by Francis Orellana, the companion of Pizarro.
Well applied to that splendid Cattleya, whose lip seems
to hold a plate of burnished metal.

Elegans. Very choice and attractive, worthy of being chosen.

Ellisii. In honor of Rev. William Ellis, the Madagascar trav-
eller.

Elongatus, -a, -um. Lengthened.

Emarginatus, -a, -um. Having a little notch in the rounded
extremity ; emarginate.

Ensatus, -a, -um. Sword-shaped.

Ensifolius, -a, -um. Leaves sword-shaped.

Eusiformis, -e. Sword-shaped, ensiform.

Ephippium. A side-saddle.

Epidendroid.es. Resembling an Epidendrum.

Epidendrum. From epi, upon, and dendron, a tree, referring,
like Dendrobium, to the habitat. Originally it was the
generic name of nearly all tree Orchids. It should be
written Epidend^wz.

Epistephium. From epi, upon, and Stephanos, a garland.

Equestris, -e. Knightly, courteous, very handsome.

Eriopsis. From Eria and opsis, resemblance.

Erinaceus, -a, -um. Like a hedgehog, bristly.

Erubescens. Blushing, growing rosy red.

Estradse. In honor of Dona Estrada, of New Granada.

Euglossus, -a, -um. Having a handsome tongue.

Eulophia. From eulophos, a handsome crest.

Euxanthinus, -a, -um. Beautiful yellowish brown.

Evectus, -a, -um. Exalted, proud, stately.

Excavatus, -a, -um. Hollowed.



GLOSSARY. 449

Exoniensis, -e. Raised at Exeter by the celebrated nursery-
men, Messrs. James Veitch & Sons.

F.

Fairrieanus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Mr. Fairrie, of Liv-
erpool, an amateur.

Falcatus, -a, -um. Sickle-shaped, or curved.

Falconeri. Complimentary to Dr. Hugh Falconer, distin-
guished for his services to East Indian botany.

Family of Plants. The equivalent of " natural Order," the
" Orchis family," being the same as Orchids or Orchida-
ceae.

Farmer!. Complimentary to the late W. G. Farmer, a cele-
brated Orchid amateur.

Fasciatus, -a, -um. Swathed, banded, flattened, applied to
stems and branches.

Fausta. A complimentary name.

Fernandezia. Name in honor of George Garcias Fernandez,
a Spanish botanist.

Ferrugiiieus, -a, -um. Rusty, dull-colored.

Festivus, -a, -um. Beautiful.

Fieldingii. Complimentary to the late W. B. Fielding.

Filiformis, -e. Very long, slender, and flexible.

Filipes. Slender-footed.

Fimbriatus, -a, -um. Fringed.

Finlaysonianum. In memory of Mr. Finlayson ?

Flaccidus, -a, -um. Weak, drooping, usually applied to
flower-stems.

Flaveo oculatus, -a, -um. Yellow-eyed.

Flavescens. Yellowish.

Flavicans. Approaching to yellow.

Flavidus, -a, -um. Yellow.

Flavus, -a, -um. Yellow.

Flexuosus, -a, -um. Slightly zig-zag, applied to stems.

Flora. The total of the species of plants indigenous to a
29



450 ORCHIDS.

given country or district. When for a very small area,

the term Florula is employed. In the secondary sense,

a book in which the vegetation of a country or province

is described and classified.
Floridus, -a, -urn. Literally flowering and thence flourishing ;

gay, bright.

Foliaceus, -a, -um. Leaf-like in texture, foliaceous.
Foliosus, -a, -um. Leafy.
Forbesii. Commemorative of Mr. Forbes, collector in Brazil

for the Royal Horticultural Society.
Forkeli. Dedicated to Mr. Forkel.
Formosus, -a, -um. Very beautiful in shape, therefore,

strikingly ornamental.
Fragrans. Sweet-scented.
Frederic! Guilielmi. In honor of Frederic William, King of

Prussia.

Fuliginosus, -a, -um. Sooty, dull-colored.
Fulvus, -a, -um. Tawny.
Furcatus, -a, -um. Forked or two-horned.
Furfuraceus, -a, -um. Scurfy.
Furvus, -a, -um. Dusky, dull-colored.
Fuscatus, -a, -um. Brownish flowered.
Fuscescens. Reddish brown.
Fusco-luteus, -a, -um. Brownish yellow.
Fusiformis, -e. Spindle-shaped ; fusiform.
Fytcheanus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Colonel Fytch, who

discovered Dendrobium Fytcheanum.

a.

Galeandra. From galea, a helmet, and aner, an anther, al-
luding to the crested anther.
Galeatus, -a, -um. Resembling a helmet.
Galeottianus, -a, -um. \ In memory of M. Galeotti, who col-
Galeottia. \ lected Orchids in Mexico, in 1839,

Galeottii. j an author of a work on Orchids.



GLOSSARY. 451

Gardnerianus, -a, -urn. ") Complimentary to the botanical

Gardner!. > traveller, George Gardner, who

introduced many plants from Brazil in 1836-1841. He
died as superintendent of Botanic Garden at Peradenia,
Ceylon, March 10, 1849.

Gautieri. In honor of Hypolito Gautier, collector in South
America for Ambrose Verschaffelt

Gibbsianus. In honor of Mr. H. Gibbs, an English ama-
teur.

Gibsoni. Complimentary to Mr. John Gibson, who collected
plants in the East Indies for the Duke of Devonshire.

Giganteus, -a, -um. Geatly exceeding its congeners in size
and stature.

Gigas. A giant, in allusion to size, either of plant or flower.

Gireoudiana. Complimentary to Mr. Gireoud. A species of
Brassia was so named by Professor Reichenbach.

Glabrous. Smooth and perfectly destitute of down or hair.

Gladiatus, -a, -um. Having sword-shaped foliage.

Glaucescens. Having a tendency to be glaucous.

Glaucus, -a, -um. Green, with the addition of a peculiar
bluish white as in the foliage of carnations.

Globiferus, -a, -um. Globe-bearing, in allusion to the round-
ness of the flowers.

Gloriosus, -a, -um. Renowned, illustrious, very beautiful.

Glumaceus, -a, -um. Chaffy in texture or resembling the
awns of wheat.

Glutinosus, -a, -um. Sticky.

Gongora. In honor of Antonia Gongora, Viceroy of New
Granada.

Goodyera. In memory of John Goodyer, an old Hampshire
botanist mentioned in Gerard's " Herbal," p. 228.

Goodyeroides. Resembling a Goodyera.

Govenia. In honor of J. R. Gowen.

Goweri. Complimentary to Mr. J. R. Gower, for many years
a collector in Assam.



452 ORCHIDS.

Gracilis, -e. Slender and thence graceful.

Grahami. In honor of Dr. Graham, an amateur.

Graminoides. Resembling grass.

Grammatophyllum. From gramma, a letter, and phullon, a

leaf.
Grandifolius, -a, -um. Having leaves larger than those of

its congeners.
Grandiflorus, -a, -um. Having flowers large in comparison

with others of the genus.
Grandis, -e. Grand, great, imposing.
Granulosus, -a, -um. Covered with grains or roughness.
Graveolens. Strong smelling.
Greenii. Complimentary to Charles Green, gardener to Mr.

Wilson Saunders.

Griffithianus, -a, -um. *> Complimentary to the late William
Griffith!!, j Griffith, superintendent of the

Calcutta Gardens from 1841. Ob. Feb. 7, 1845.
Grobya. Dedicated to Lord Grey of Groby.
Guatemalensis. Native of Guatemala.
Guincensis, -e. Native of Guinea.
Guttatus, -a, -um. Spotted with color as if by falling drops.

H.

Habenaria. From habena, a rein.

Haemaria. Blood colored.

Haematochilus, -a, -um. Bloody lipped.

Hadweni. In memory of Isaac Hadwen, of Liverpool, a cul-
tivator of Orchids.

Halli. Commemorates the discovery of the Odontoglossum
so named, by Colonel Hall, in the valley of Lloa, near
Chimborazo.

Hanburyanum. In honor of Mr. Hanbury.

Harpophylla. Having sickle-shaped leaves.

Harrisonianus, -a, -um. Applied to a beautiful Saccolabium,
this name is complimentary to Mr. C. H. Harrison, of
Singapore, an eminent Orchid amateur.



GLOSSARY. 453

Harrisonise. Commemorates the Liverpool family, to three
members of which Wm. Harrison (resident at Rio Ja-
neiro), Richard Harrison, and Mrs. Arnold Harrison
the Orchidology of Brazil and the Orchid cultivators of
thirty years ago, are so greatly indebted.

Harryana. In honor of Mr. Harry Veitch.

Hartwegia. Complimentary to Theodore Hartweg, a collec-
tor of Mexican Orchids.

Hastilabius, -a, -um. Spear-lipped.

Hastiferus, -a, -um. Spear-shaped, having some portion of
the plant of this shape.

Havanensis, -e. Native of, or brought from, Havana.

Hedyosmum. Sweet-smelling.

Helcia. From helcium* a horse-collar.

Helvolus, -a, -um. Pale red, yellowish.

Henchmani. In memory of Mr. Henchman.

Hendersonii. Complimentary to Henderson, several of which
name have been eminent in floriculture.

Henslaallii. Commemorative of John Henshall, collector of
the Messrs. Rollinson in Java.

Herbaceus, -a, -um. Green, succulent, in contradistinction to
woody.

Herbert!. In honor of Rev. William Herbert, a distinguished
botanist.

Heterocarpus, -a, -um. Having variable or various kinds of
seed pods.

Heyneanum. Complimentary.

Hians. Gaping, opening wide.

Hillii. Dedicated to Walter Hill, superintendent of Botanic
Garden at Moreton Bay.

Hirsutissimus, -a, -um. Very hairy.

Holfordianum. Complimentary to R. S. Holford, of Glouces-
tershire, who first bloomed the variety of Saccolabium gut-
tatum, bearing his name.

Holochrysus. All golden.



454 ORCHIDS.

Hookerae. In compliment to Lady Hooker, widow of the late
W. J. Hooker, and mother of Dr. J. D. Hooker, the pres-
ent director of Kew Gardens.

Hookerianum. Complimentary to Dr. Hooker.

Horsfalli. Complimentary to J. B. Horsfall, of Staffordshire.

Houlletia. Complimentary to M. Houllet, superintendent of
the greenhouses of the museum of Paris.

Houtteana. In honor of Van Houtte, the well known horti-
culturist.

Humboldti. ] In memory of Humboldt, the

Humboldtianus, -a, -um. ) great botanical traveller and
scientific naturalist.

Humilis, -e. Low-growing.

Huntianum. In memory of Mr. Hunt.

Huntleya. Complimentary to Rev. John S. Huntley, cotem-
porary as an Orchid grower with Mr. Cattley and the
Liverpool Harrisons.

Huttoni. In memory of Mr. Henry Hutton, who died while
collecting Orchids in Java for Messrs. Veitch.

Hyacinthinus, -a, -um. Resembling a Hyacinth.

Hybridus, -a, -um. A hybrid variety.

Hymenanthus, -a, -um. Wedding-flower, alluding to delicate
beauty.

Hyphaematicus, -a, -um. Blood red underneath.

Hypnum. A genus of little green plants, usually called
mosses.

Hystrix. A porcupine.

I.

Ibaguensis, -e, or )

} From Ibasrua.
Ybaguensis, -e. )

Igneus, -a, -um. Fiery color, red.

Imbricatus, -a, -um. So disposed that the edges overlap ;

imbricate.
Immaculatus, -a, -um. Spotless.



GLOSSARY. 455

Incrassatus, -a, -um. Thickened.

Incurvus, -a, -um. Crooked, bent.

Indivisus, -a, -um. Undivided.

Infundibulum. A funnel.

Inodorus, -a, -um. Scentless.

Insignis, -e. Noble, admirable, conspicuous.

Insleayi. Complimentary to T. Insleay, of Birmingham, for-
merly gardener to Mr. Barker, of Springfield.

Intergerrimum. Whole-lipped, applied to a species of Cata-
setum.

Intermedius, -a, -um. Half way between two other things.

Internodes. The portions of the stem that extend from joint
to joint.

Interruptus, -a, -um. Having regularity of outline partly de-
stroyed.

Inversus, -a, -um. Turned up.

lonopsis. From ion, a violet, and opsis, resemblance.

lonosmus, -a, -um. Scented like violets.

Irapeanum. From Irapeo (Mexico).

Iridifolius, -a, -um. Iris-leaved.

Irroratus, -a, -um. Dewy, moistened, sprinkled with dew.

Isochilus. From z'svs, equal, and cheilos, a lip.

J.

Jamesianum. In honor of the late Mr. James Veitch.
Janeirense. From Rio Janeiro.
Japonicus, -a, -um. Native of Japan.
Javanicus, -a, -um. Native of Java.
Jenkinsi. Complimentary to the late Captain Jenkins, an

Indian friend and correspondent of Dr. Wallich.
Johannis. In honor of Mr. John G. Veitch.
Jongheana. Dedicated to Mr. De Jonghe, of Brussels, an

orchiologist.

Jugosus. -a, -um. Furrowed, lipped, also mountainous.
Juncifolius, -a, -urn. Rush-leaved.



4>6 ORCHIDS.

K.

Karwinskii. Dedicated to Count Karwinski.

Kingianum. In honor of Captain King, of the royal navy,

who commanded an exploring expedition in the South

Sea in 1828.

Knowlesii. In honor of Mr. Knowles.

Krameri. )The Oncidium so named refers to

Kramerianus, -a, -urn. > the skill of an old Orchid grower,

M. Kramer, now of Hamburg. The Odontoglossum is

named after his son, formerly a collector for Messrs.

Veitch, and now living in Japan.
Krebsii. Complimentary to Mr. Krebs, a collector of plants

in Natal.

L.

Labiatus, -a, -um. Large-lipped.

Lacceiia. A name of Helen of Troy, applied because of the
beauty of the plant.

Lacertinus, -a, -um. Resembling a lizard.

Laelia. Laelia was the eldest daughter of Caius Laelius, a
noble Roman, B. c. 141. She was celebrated for the
purity with which she spoke her native language, and for
pleasing and attractive qualities. The beautiful genus of
Orchids bearing her name is remarkable for all pleasing
qualities.

Laeliopsis. From Lcelia and opsts, resemblance.

Laevigatus, -a, -um. Having a smooth, polished surface ;
applied to stems.

Laevis, -e. Free from asperities and any kind of unevenness.

Lagenaria. Flask or bottle-shaped.

Lamellae. Very small, and thin vertical plates.

Laminatus, -a, -um. Covered with plates or scales.

Lanceanus, -a, -um. Complimentary to John Henry Lance,
who about forty years ago brought many fine Orchids
from Surinam.



GLOSSARY. 457

Lanciferus, -a, -um. Having lance-shaped foliage.

Laiicifolius, -a, -um. Having narrow tapering leaves.

Landsbergii. In honor of Lands berg.

Lanipes. Having woolly stalks or peduncles.

Larpentae. In compliment to Lady Larpent, wife of Sir
George Larpent, Roehampton, Surrey.

Lassioglossus, -a, -um. Woolly tongued.

Latilabrus, -a, -um. Broad lipped.

Latifolius, -a, -um. Broad leaved, in comparison with others
of the genus.

Lawrenciana. In honor of Mrs. Lawrence, who formerly had
one of the finest collections of plants in England, and
who first bloomed many rare species.

Laxus. -a, -um. Loose, usually applied to flower-spikes.

Lemoniana. In honor of Sir Charles Lemon.

Lentigiiiosus, -a, -um. Freckled, covered with spots, scurfy.

Leochilus. From leios, smooth, and cheilos, a lip.

Leonis. Of a lion, in the sense of strong, stout

Leopardinus, -a, -um. Tawny or perhaps spotted like a leop-
ard.

Leopold!!. Complimentary to Leopold I., King of the Bel-
gians, whose garden at Lacken was noted for splendid
Orchids.

Lepidus, -a, -um. Neat, pretty, pleasing.

Leptosepalus, -a, -um. Having slender sepals.

Leptotes. Slender.

Leucochilus, -a, -um. White lipped.

Leucorrhodus, -a, -um. Rosy white.

Liliaceus, -a, -um. Resembling a lily.

LiHastrus, -a, um. Lily like.

Limbatus, -a, -um. Having a distinct border of some other
color.

Limminghii. In memory of the distinguished Belgian or-
chiologist Count Alfred de Limminghe.

Linawiauus, -a, -um. ?

\o



458 ORCHIDS.

Lindeni. Complimentary to Mr. Linden, the celebrated hor-
ticulturist.
Lindleyanus, -a, -um. In memory of the late Dr. Lindley,

the distinguished orchiologist. Ob. Nov. I, 1865.
Linearis, -e. Linear, slender, of the same breadth through-
out, except at the extremities.
Lineatus, -a, -um. Penciled with fine lines.
Linguiformis, -e. Tongue-shaped.
Limatodes. Indian name.
Liparis. From liparos, shining.
Lissochilus. From Kssos, smooth, and ckeilos, a lip.
Lituiflorus, -a, -um. Like the Roman lituus, a slightly

curved trumpet.

Lobatus, -a, -um. Having deep indentations.
Lobbi. In memory of Messrs. Thomas and William Lobb,

collectors for Messrs. James Veitch and Sons.
Loddigesii. In honor of Conrad Loddiges and Sons, owners
of the famous Hackney nurseries. In 1844, their cata-
logue of Orchids numbered 1916 names.
Longicollis, -e. Having a long neck.
Longicornu. Having a long horn.
Longifolius, -a, -um. Long leaved.
Longiscapus, -a, -um. Having a long flower-stalk.
Lowii. In honor of the well-known nursery firm of Hugh
Low and Sons, sometimes referring to Hugh Low him-
self, sometimes to his eldest son, of the same name ;
sometimes to Mr. Stuart H. Low.

Luddemamiia. ") Complimentary to Mr. Ludde-

Luddemannianus, -a, -um. ) mann, once director of the
celebrated Orchid establishment of M. Pescatore, Celle
St. Cloud, Paris.

Lunatus, -a, -um. Crescent-shaped.
Luridus, -a, -um. Dismal colored, yellowish brown.
Luteolus, -a, -um. Pale yellow.

Luteo-purpureus, -a, -um. Yellowish purple or yellow and
purple.



GLOSSARY. 459

Lutescens. Yellowish.

Luxatus, -a, -um. Disjointed.

Lyoaste. The name of a celebrated beauty who is said to

have lived at Drepanum, in Sicily.
Lyonsi. In memory of Mr. Lyon, a collector of West Indian

Orchids.

M.

M'Carthiee. Complimentary to Mrs. McCarthy, wife of Hon.
C. J. McCarthy, who in 1855 was Colonial Secretary in
Ceylon.

Mackayi. Complimentary to the late J. T. Mackay, of Trin-
ity College, Botanic Garden, Dublin.

McMarlandi. Complimentary to E. McMarland, an amateur
orchiologist.

Macodes.

Macraei. In honor of Mr. M'Rae, a Ceylon collector.

Macranthus, -a, -um. Broad or large flowered.

Macroceras. Long-horned.

Macrochilus, -a, -um. Broad or large lipped.

Macrophyllus, -a, -um. Broad or large leaved.

Macrostachius, -a, -um. Having long tails like an ear of
corn.

Maculatus, -a, -um. )

[ Spotted.
Maculosus, -a, -um. )

Majalis. Flowering in May.

Major. Larger than its congeners.

Majus. Large compared with others of the same genus.

Mannii. In honor of Mr. Mann, of the Calcutta Botanic

Garden.

Margareticeus, -a, -um. Pearly or spotted with pearly dots.
Marginatus, -a, -um. When a flat surface has the edge of a

different color so as to appear bordered.
Mariana. A complimentary name.
Marmoratus, -a, -um. Marbled.



460 ORCHIDS.

Marshalleanus, -a, -um. In honor of Mr. W. Marshall, who

first bloomed the Oncidium so named.
Martiana. In memory of Dr. Von Martius, the Brazilian

explorer.

Masculus, -a, um. Male or masculine, thence robust in con-
tradistinction to delicate.
Masdevallia. In honor of Joseph Masdevall, a Spanish

botanist.
Masters!!. In honor of Mr. Masters, one of the principal

assistants in the Calcutta Botanic Garden.
Masuca. An Indian name.
Matutinus, -a, -um. Flower of the morning.
Maulei. Complimentary to the Bristol nurseryman and Orchid

grower, Mr. William Maule.
Maxillaria. So named from fancied resemblance of parts of

the flower to the jaws or maxillae of insects.
Maxillaris, -e. Resembling jaws.
Maxilligerus, -a, -um. Bearing a jaw-bone.
Maximus, -a, um. The largest of its family.
Medius, -a, -um. Intermediate, between two species.
Medusae. Medusa was one of the Gorgons whose locks

Minerva changed into serpents.

Megaclinium. From megas, great, and kline, a bed.
Melaleucus, -a, -um. Blackish.
Melanocaulon. Black-stalked, from melas, black, and kaulos,

a stalk.

Meleagris. Resembling or spotted like a Guinea hen.
Mendeli. Complimentary to Samuel Mendel, of Manley

Hall, owner of one of the finest collections of orchids

in England. It was dispersed in 1874.

Membranaceus, -a, -um. Thin, dry, flexible, and semi-trans-
lucent.

Microchilus, -a, -um. Small lipped.
Miltonia. Complimentary to Viscount Milton, Earl Fitzwil-

liam of Wentworth House, Yorkshire, where Orchids

were beautifully grown. *



GLOSSARY. 461

Miniatus, -a, -um. Vermilion-colored.

Mitratus, -a, -um. Wearing a mitre, alluding to the shape of

the flower.

Moiiiliformis, -e. Necklace -like.
Monoceras. One-horned.

Monteanus, -a. -um. )

> Inhabiting mountains.
Montanus, -a, -um. )

Morelianus, -a, -um. In honor of M. Morel, of Paris.

Mormodes. From mormo, a goblin.

Moscifera. Bearing flies, from musca, a fly, and fero, to

bear, alluding to the resemblance of some flowers to a

fly.

Moschatus, -a, -um. Musk-scented.
Mossiae. Complimentary to Thomas Moss, of Liverpool, who

grew fine Orchids forty years ago.
Moulmeinense. Native of Moulmein.
Multiflorus, -a, -um. Many-flowered.
Myanthus. From muia, a fly.
Myrianthus, -a, -um. Innumerable-flowered.

N.

Naevius, -a, -um. Freckled.
Nanodes. From nanodes, a pigmy.
Naso. Having a nose.
Nasonia. From naso t a nose.
Nebulosus, -a, -um. Clouded ; when in flowers a dingy hue

pervades a bright one ; also, applied to a plant growing

at a lofty elevation.
Nemoralis, -e. Growing in groves.
Neottia. From neottia, a nest.
Nepalensis, -e. Native of Nepaul.
Nevadense. From Sierra Nevada.
Niger, nigra, -um. Black.
Nigrescens. Blackish.
Nigritus, -a, -um. Blackish.



4 62 ORCHIDS.

Nitidus, -a, -um. Shining.

Nivalis, -e. Snow white.

Niveus, -a, -um. Snowy white.

Nobilis, -e. Eminent ; remarkable for fine qualities.

Nocturnus, -a, -um. Night-blooming.

Nodatus, -a, -um. >

f- Having many joints or nodes.
Nodosus, -a, -um. >

Notylia. From notes, the back, and tulos, a lump.
Nubigenuni. Cloud born.
Nutans. Nodding.
Nycterinus, -a, -um. Dusky.

O.

Obesus, -a, -um. Fat, fleshy ; applied to thick pseudo-bulbs.
Oblongatus, -a, -um. Drawn out, oblong.
Obryzatus, -a, -um. Pure gold color.
Obtusatus, -a, -um.



, Blunt.
Obtusus, -a, -um.

Ochraceus, -a, -um. )

J- Yellowish.
Ochroleucus, -a, -um. >

Oculatus, -a, -um. Eyed , having one or more dark spots

like eyes.

Odontoglossum. From odontos, a tooth, and glossa, a tongue.
Odoratus, -a, -um. Fragrant.
Odoratissimus, -a, -um. Very fragrant
Octomeria. From octo, eight, and meros, a part.
(Eceoclades. From oikeo, to inhabit, and klados, a branch.
Oncidium. From ogkos, a tubercle, and eidos, appearance, in

allusion to the protuberances on the lip.
Oncidioides. Resembling an Oncidium.
Orchid. A plant with flowers like those of an orchis.
Orchis. From the Greek orchus. Formerly every Orchid

was called an orchis. The name is now restricted to a

definite growth of terrestrial species.
Ordiana. In compliment to Lady Ord.



GLOSSARY. 463

Ornithidium. From arm's, a bird, and eidos, resemblance.
Ornithocephalus. From ornis, a bird, and cephalus, a head.
Ornithorhyncus, -a, -um. Resembling the beak of a bird.
Ovalis, -e. Of oval shape.

Ovate. A flat surface, having the outline of the vertical sec-
tion the shape of an egg.
Ovoid. A solid in the form of an egg.
Oxypterus, -a, -um. Sharp-winged.



P.

Pachyanthus, -a, -um. Thick-flowered.

Pachyphyllus, -a, -um. Thick-leaved.

Pahudii. In memory of Pahud ?

Paleaceus, -a, -um. Chaffy.

Fallidiflorus, r a, -um. Pale-flowered.

Pallidus, -a, -um. Pale.

Palumbina. From palumba, a dove.

Palustris, -e. Growing in marshes.

Palpebree. The eyelashes ; applied to a flower with fringed

lip.

Paniculatus, -a, -um. Branching irregularly.
Panduratus, -a, -um. Shaped like a violin.
Faphinia. From Paphia, one of the surnames of Venus.
Papilio. A butterfly.

Papillosus, -a, -um. Covered with teat-like protuberances.
Parasites. Plants which subsist by the absorption of the

juices of some other plant on which they fix themselves.

No epiphytal Orchid is a parasite.
Pardinus, -a, -um. Panther-spotted.
Parishii. Complimentary to Rev. C. S. P. Parish, of Moul-

mein, who has discovered so many splendid Orchids.
Parkeri. Commemorative of Mr. C. S. Parker, an amateur in

Orchids.
Parkinsonii. Commemorative of Mr. Parkinson, the English


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 24

Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 24 of 25)