Edward Sprague Rand.

Orchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the online

. (page 25 of 25)
Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 25 of 25)
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consul-general in Mexico, about 1839.



464 ORCHIDS.

Farviflorus, -a, -tun. Small-flowered.

Passerinus, -a, -um. Resembling or marked like a sparrow.

Patini. In honor of Mr. C. Patin, a Belgian collector in New
Granada.

Patulus, -a, -um. Spreading, broad, flat.

Paxtonia. Dedicated to Sir Joseph Paxton.

Paxtoni. Complimentary to the late Sir Joseph Paxton.

Pearcei. In honor of Mr. Pearce, the discoverer of many
new plants.

Peduncularis, -e. Having long peduncles or flower-stalks.

Pelicanus, -a, -um. Like a pelican.

Pellucidus, -a, -um. Transparent or bright.

Pendulus, -a, -um. Drooping.

Pentadactylus, -a, -um. Five-fingered.

Perianth. The calyx and corolla, or sepals and petals taken
together.

Peristeria. A dove.

Peristeria. Resembling a Peristeria.

Perrinii. In memory of the gardener who, forty years ago,
had charge of Mr. Harrison's Orchids at Liverpool, as
applied to Brasavola Perrinii j also, as applied to Lcelia
Perrinii, complimentary to Mr. Perrin, of Rio Janeiro.

Pertusus, -a, -um. Perforated ; having an aperture.

Pescatorea. ) Complimentary to the late M. Pescatore, whose

Pescatorei. ) collection of Orchids at Chateau Celle St.
Cloud, near Paris, was at one time the finest in Europe.

Petiolatus, -a, -um. Furnished with petioles.

Petola. In Amboyna the name of a very precious silk vest-
ment of many colors, and applied thence by the natives
to Ancectochilus Petola.

Phajus. Dusky ; applied to Phajus grandifolius, in reference
to the dusky color of the inside of the flowers.

Phalaenopsis. From phalawa, a moth, and opsis, resem-
blance.

Phceniceus, -a, -um. Purple-red.



GLOSSARY. 465

Pliolidota. From pholis, a spot, and ous, an ear.

Fhymatochilus, -a, -um. Having a swelling on the lip.

Physosiphon. From phusa^ an inflated bladder, and siphon^
a tube.

Physurus. Refers to the peculiarly inflated spur of the
flower.

Picturatus, -a, -um. Variegated.

Pictus, -a, -um. Painted.

Pierardii. In memory of the botanical traveler, M. Pierard,
who discovered Dendrobium Pierardii.

Pilcheri. Complimentary to Mr. Pilcher, gardener to S.
Rucker, of Wordsworth,

Pilumna. From pilion, a cap.

Pinelli. In honor of Mr. Pinel, of Brazil, an introducer of
some fine Orchids.

Planiceps. With flat or even head without protuberances ;
applied to the flower.

Plantagineus, -a, -um. Resembling a plantain (Plantago).

Planus, -a, -um. Level ; without protuberances.

Platyodon. Broad-toothed.

Pleione. The name of a mythological sea-nymph.

Pleurothallis. From pleura, the side, and thallo, to bloom.

Plicatilis, -e. Folded.

Plicatus, -a, -um. Folded or rolled together.

Polyanthus, -a, -um. Many-flowered.

Polybulbon. Having many bulbs.

Polychilus. Yrvmpolus, many, and cheilos, a lip.

Polycycnis. From polus, many, and kuknos, a swan.

Polymorphous. Assuming many different forms or appear-
ances.

Polystachya. From polus, many, and stachus, a spike.

Ponthieva. Dedicated to M. de Ponthieu, a West Indian
merchant.

Poriferus, -a, -um. Bearing pores or having small punc-
tures.

30



466 ORCHIDS.

Portei. In honor of Mr. Porte, who discovered Phalcznopsis

Portei.

Portentosus, -a, -um. Monstrous.
Fraecox. Early blooming.

Prasinatus, -a, -um. Wearing a leek-green garment.
Fraemorsus, -a, -um. Gnawed or bitten ; applied to the ex-
tremity of anything which is thus ragged or torn-looking.
Preestans. Standing in front, excelling.
Preptaiithe. Worthy or honorable flower.
Prescottia. In honor of John Prescott, a botanist of St.

Petersburg.

Pretiosus, -a, -um. Valuable, excellent.
Primulinus, -a, -um. Resembling a primrose.
Prismatocarpus, -a, -um. Having prism-shaped seed-pods,

or three flat sides and three sharp angles.
Proboscidius, -a, -um. Having a snout or proboscis, as in

Catasetum.

Procerus, -a, -um. Tall, long.
Proliferus, -a, -um. Fruitful ; applied to a flower from which

another is produced.

Fromensea. The name of a prophetess of Dodona.
Pseudo. Mock or imitation.
Psyche. The soul ; mythologically, the inamorata of Cupid,

thus anything spirituelle.
Pterocarpus, -a, -um. Having winged seed.
Pubes. Down, downy.

Pubescens. Downy, or with a tendency to become so.
Pudicus, -a, -um. Modest.
Pulchellus, -a, -um. Fair, pretty.
Pulvinatus, -a, -um. Formed like or resembling a cushion,

especially through close contact of many little parts.
Punctatus, -a, -um. Spotted.

Punctulatus, -a, -um. Covered with pricks, points, or dots.
Fumilus, -a, -um. Dwarf, or low-growing.
Purpurascens. Purplish.



GLOSSARY. 467

Purpuratus, -a, -urn. Arrayed in purple so as to carry a cer-
tain queenliness.

Purpureus, -a, -um. Red, with a mixture of blue.
Purus, -a, -um. Spotless ; of one color.
Pyriformis, -e. Pear-shaped.

Q.

Quadratus, -a, -um. Square, or approaching that shape.
Quadricolor. Four-colored.
Quadricornis, -e. Four-horned.
Quindos. A native name of Cattleya maxima.
Quinquecolor. Five-colored.

Quinquevulnerus, -a, -um. Having five wounds, or blood-
red spots.

R.

Raceme. A form of inflorescence, very common in Orchids,
in which the flowers provided with pedicels are disposed
more or less closely along a usually drooping stalk.

Racemosus, -a, -um. Branching, or having flowers in a ra-
ceme.

Radiatus, -a, -um. Arranged in a star-like manner or like the
spokes of a wheel.

Radical. Appearing to rise directly from the radix or root,
owing to the extreme shortness of the stem.

Raniferus, -a, -um. Bearing frogs.

Reichenheimii. In memory of Reichenheim.

Recurvus, -a, -um. Bent back, recurved.

Regnelli. In memory of M. Regnell, who collected Orchids
in Brazil, and sent home the Miltonia, so named.

Reinwardtii. Commemorative of Dr. Reinwardt.

Renanthera. From ren, a kidney, and anthera, an anther.

Restrepia. Meaning unknown.

Resupinate. Twisted half round, so that the bottom is made
the top.



468 ORCHIDS.

Reticulatus, -a, -urn. Having reticulate lines.

Retusus, -a, -um. A flat surface, rounded at the end, but with
a broad and shallow notch in the centre.

Revolutus, -a, -um. Rolled backwards, applied to leaves,
petals, and lips of flowers.

Rigbyanus, -a, -um. In honor of Mr. Rigby, a plant-grower
at Brompton.

Rigidus, -a, -um. Stiff, applied to leaves and flower-stems.

Rhizoma. An underground creeping stem, usually thick and
fleshy.

Rhizophorus, -a, -um. Bearing or producing roots.

Rodriguezia. Complimentary to Emanuel Rodriguez, a Span-
ish botanist.

Roezlii. In honor of M. Roezl, who has discovered and in-
troduced many rare American Orchids.

Rogersii. In honor of Mr. Rogers.

Rosens, -a, -um. Rosy, delicate pink.

Rossii. Commemorative of Mr. John Ross, who collected
Orchids in Mexico.

Rostratus, -a, -um. Having a projection like the beak of a
bird.

Roxburghii. Complimentary to Dr. William Roxburgh, su-
perintendent of the Calcutta Botanic Garden, from 1793-
1814.

Ruber, rubra, -um. Red.

Rubescens. Rosy red, or suffused with rose, blushing.

Rubro-oculatus, -a, -um. Red-eyed.

Rubro-purpureus, -a, -um. Reddish purple.

Rubrovenia. Having red veins.

Ruckerii. Complimentary to Sigismund Rucker, West Hill,
Wandsworth, whose collection of Orchids was the finest
in England.

Rufescens. Reddish brown.

Rupestris, -e. Growing in rocky places.

Russellianus, -a, -um. In compliment to Lord Russell.

Rutidobulbon. Having wrinkled bulbs.



GLOSSARY. 469



S.

Saccatus, -a, -um. Having a sack or pouch, alluding to the
shape of certain flowers, as Catasetum, Stanhopea.

Saccolabium. From saccos, a bag, and labium, a lip.

Saltatorius, -a, -um. Dancing, alluding to the movement of
the lip of some Orchid flowers.

Sanguineus, -a, -um. Blood-colored.

Sanguinolens. Approaching blood-color.

Sanguinolentus, -a, -um. Having blood-red spots or veins.

Sarcanthus. From sarx, flesh, and anthos, a flower.

Sarchochilus. From sarx, flesh, and cheilos, a lip.

Sarcodes. Of flesh-like substance.

Sarcopodium. From sarx, flesh, and podium, a projecting
portion.

Sauroglossum. From sattra, a lizard, and glossa, a tongue.

Secundus, -a, -um. One-sided.

Sedeniana. Complimentary to Mr. Seden.

Selenipedium. From Selene, a name of Diana, thus Diana's
slipper.

Selligerus, -a, -um. Saddle-shaped.

Semi-apertus, -a, -um. Half open, alluding to a flower.

Senilis, -e. Like an old man, applied to plants with white
hairs.

Sepals. The pieces of the calyx or outer portion of the
flower in Orchids petaloid and colored, three in number,
and usually quite free and distinct.

Serra. Like a saw.

Serratus, -a, -um. A flat margin, notched like a saw, ser-
rate.

Serrulatus, -a, -um. Delicately or finely notched, denticu-
late.

Sesquipedalis, -e. A foot and a half long.

Sessilis, -e. Destitute of individual stalk, sessile.



4/O ORCHIDS.

Setaceus, -a, -um. Bristle-like or shaped.

Setigerus, -a, -um. Bearing bristles, from seta, a bristle, and

gero, to bear.

Scape. A leafless flower-stem.
Schillerianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to the late consul G.

W. Schiller, of Hamburg, a celebrated Orchid grower.
Schlieperianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to M. Adolphe

Schlieper, of Uderfeld, a zealous cultivator of Orchids.
Schlimii. In memory of Mr. Schlim, who collected Orchids

in Central America for Mr. Linden,

Schomburgkia, ) In honor of Mr. Schomburgk, the collector
Schomburgkii. J of many South American Orchids.
Schroder!. Complimentary to J. H. Schroder, Stratford

Green, Essex, a celebrated cultivator of Orchids.
Scuticaria. From scutica, a whip.
Scutiliferus, -a, -um. Shield-bearing.
Sherattiana. In compliment to Mr. Sherratt, gardener to

the late Dr. Lindley.
Siamensis, -e. Native of Siam.
Sieboldtii. In honor of Sieboldt, the Japan traveller.
Siuensis, -e. Chinese.

Sinuatus, -a, -um. >

> Bent, crooked.
Sinuosus, -a, -um. )

Skinnerii. In memory of the late George Ure Skinner, who
collected and introduced many valuable Guatemalian Or-
chids.

Sobralia. In memory of F. M. Sobral, a Spanish botanist.

Sophronitis. From the Greek, modest, unassuming.

Sordidus, -a, -um. Dirty, but usually meaning dull-colored.

Sphagnum. The moss of wet meadows. When alive and wet,
bright green ; whitish when dry.

Spathe. A large, solitary bract.

Spathulatus, -a, -um. Spoon-shaped, round at summit and
narrow at base.

Speciocissimus, -a, -um. Eminently handsome, uniting ele-
gance of form and brilliancy of color.



GLOSSARY. 471

Speciosus, -a, -um. The preceding in a subordinate degree.

Specklinia. In honor of Rudolph Specklin, who drew the
wood cuts in Fuch's " Historia Plantarum."

Spectabilis, -e. Deserving especial notice by reason of in-
trinsic worth.

Sphacelatus, -a, -um. Scorched ; some part looking as if
withered, as the pseudo-bulbs of Oncidium sphacelatum.

Spicatus, -a, -um. Bearing the flowers on spikes.

Spike. A form of inflorescence in which many flowers with-
out pedicels are closely set upon a vertical spike.

Spilopterus, -a, -um. Having spotted wings.

Spinosus, -a, -um. Having spines.

Splendens. Showy and handsome, with the idea of shining.

Sprucei. In honor of Mr. Spruce.

Squalidus, -a, -um. Dirty ; usually applied to flowers of dull
color or repulsive appearance.

Squarrosus, -a, -um. Covered with scurf.

Stamfordianus, -a, -um. Commemorative of Mr. Stamford.

Stanhopea. In honor of Philip Henry, Earl Stanhope, Pres-
ident of the Medico Botanical Society of London.

Stapeliseflorus, -a, -um. Flowers like a Stapelia.

Stapelioides. Resembling a Stapelia.

Steelii. In honor of Mr. Steel, who introduced Scuticaria
Steelii.

Stelis. Application unknown.

Stellatus, -a, -um. Star-shaped, or giving the effect of a
star.

Stelznerianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Mr. Stelzner, of
Van Houttes' gardens.

Stenia. From stenos, narrow.

Stenocoryne. From stenos, narrow, and korune, a horn.

Stenophyllus, -a, -um. Narrow-leaved.
Stenorhyncus. From stenos, narrow, and rugchos, a beak.
Sternocmlus, -a, -um. Narrow-lipped.

Stouei. Complimentary to Mr. John Stone, gardener to Mr.
J. Day.



472 ORCHIDS.

Streptopetalus, -a, -um. Twisted petals.

Striatus, -a, -um. Striped.

Suavis, -e. Sweet-scented or tasting.

Suavissimus, -a, -um. Very fragrant.

Subulifolia. Having foliage shaped like an awl ; from subula^

an awl.

Sulcatus, -a, -um. Furrowed.

Sulphureus, -a, -um. Sulphur-colored, light-yellow.
Superbiens. Becoming grand and stately.
Superbus -a, -um. Excellent, commanding.
Sumatrana. Native of Sumatra.

Suttoni. In honor of Captain Sutton of the royal navy.
Sylhetense. Native of Sylhet.
Syringothyrsus, -a, -um. With trusses of flowers like a lilac.

T.

Tabularis, -e. Having a flat surface.

Tankervilliae. In honor of Emma, wife of the Fourth Earl

Tankerville, of Chillingham Castle, Northumberland.
Tattonianum. In honor of Lord Egerton of Tatton.
Taurinus, -a, -um. Having horns like a bull.
Tener. -era, -erum. Delicate.
Tenuifolius, -a, -um. Slender-leaved.
Tenuis, -e. Slender ; delicate.
Teres. Long and cylindrical ; terete.
Teretifolius, -a, -um. Having terete leaves.
Tetragonus, -a, -um. Having four angles.
Tesselatus, -a, -um. Tesselate, checkered.
Testaceus, -a, -um. Covered with spots the color of tiles.
Thibaultianus, -a, -um. Complimentary to Thibault de Ber-

neaud, a French horticulturist, and secretary of the Lin-

naean Society of Paris.

Thouarsii. In memory of the botanist Du Petit Thouars.
Thunia. Complimentary to Von Thun.
Thyrse. A kind of panicle, broadest in the middle.



GLOSSARY. 473

Thyrsiflorus, -a, -urn. Having flowers in a thyrse or

branched raceme.
Tibicinis, -e. Resembling a trumpet ; the old pseudo-bulbs

of Schomburgkia are used as horns.
Tigrinus, -a, -um. Tiger or panther-spotted.
Tortilis, -e. Twisted.

Tovariensis. Native of Tovar, in Colombia.
Transparens. What can can be seen through ; but used

often in the sense of translucent, allowing the passage of

light.
Triadenium. Having three glands or three knobs on the

lip, as in Dendrobium triadenium.
Trianae. Complimentary to the botanist Signer Triana, who

collected plants in New Granada.
Trichocentrum. From thrix, a hair, and kentron, a spur,

from the long narrow spur of the labellum.
Trichopilia. From thrix, a hair, and pilion, a little hat.
Tricolor. Three-colored.
Tridentatus, -a, -um. Three-toothed.
Trifidus, -a, -um. Three-cleft.

Trigonidium. From trigona, a triangle, and eidos, resem-
blance.

Trilinguis, -e. Three-tongued.

Trimerochilum. Having the lip cleft into three parts.
Triumphans. Conquering, excelling all others.
Tripudians. Dancing.
Tripunctatus, -a, -um. Three-spotted.
Triquetrus, -a, -um. Three-cornered.
Tristis, -e. Dull-colored.
Trochilus. Resembling a humming bird.
Trulla. Trowel-shaped.
Trulliferus, -a, -um. Trowel-bearing.
Truncatus, -a, -um. Terminating abruptly, as if shortened

by removal of the extremity.
Tuberculatus, -a, -um. Bearing tubercles ; applied to plants

with little protuberances on some portion of the flowers.



474 ORCHIDS.

Turner!. In honor of James A. Turner, of Pendlebury, Man-
chester, a zealous amateur in Orchids.
Turialvee. Native of the mountain of Turialva.
Tyrianthina. Bright violet color.

U.
Undulatus, -a -um. Wavy ; applied to crimped petals of

flowers.

Unguiculatus, -a, -um. Having claws.
Unicornis, -e. One-horned.
Uniflorus, -a, -um. One-flowered, or having single-flowered

peduncles.

Umbellatus, -a, -um. Having flowers in an umbel.
Umbonate. More or less flattened and with a base in the

centre, like a shield.

Uropedium. From uron, a tail, and pedion, a lip.
Uro-Skinnerii. In memory of George U. Skinner. See Skin-

nerii.

V.
Vanda is in Sanskrit the sacred mistletoe of the oak, the oak

being Vandaca. Thus the name was extended to parasites

and epiphytes in general, but always with an addition, as

Amaravanda, a tree Orchid.
Vaginatus, a, -um. Having sheaths.

Vanilla. Altered from the Spanish Vaynilla, which is a dimin-
utive of vaina, a sheath, alluding to the seed-pod.
Variegatus, -a, um. Variegated.

Veitchianus, -a, -um. ) In honor of the distinguished horti-
Veitchii. ) culturists of Exeter and Chelsea,

the late Messrs. James and John G. Veitch, and Mr.

Harry Veitch.
Velatus, -a, -um. Veiled.
Velutinus, -a, -um. Velvety ; soft.
Venosus, -a, -um. Veined.
Ventricosus, -a, -um. Distended ; swelling in the middle.

Applied to the pouches of plants.



GLOSSARY. 475

Venus tus, -a, -um. Comely, graceful, ladylike.

Veratrifolius, -a, -urn. Having leaves like Veratrum nigrum.

Verecundus, -a, -um. Modest.

Verrucosus, -a, -um. Warted.

Vestitus, -a, -um. Clothed, i. e., with soft hairs.

Vexillarius, -a, -um. Bannered or showy, like a banner.

Villosus, -a, -um. Shaggy ; clothed with long, soft hairs.

Violaceus, -a, -um. Violet-colored.

Virens. Fresh-looking, lively green.

Virescens. Greenest ; having a tendency to grow green.

Virgatus, -a, -um. Twiggy.

Virgiiialis, -e. Maidenly ; pure white.

Viridipurpureus, -a, -um. Greenish purple.

Vitellinus, -a, -um. Yolk of egg color.

Vittatus, -a, -um. Banded ; marked with bands.

Viviparus, -a, -um. Multiplying easily.

Vulcanicum. Growing on the sides of a volcano.

W.

Wagneriana, > In honor of M. Wagner, a German collector

Wagneri. > in La Guayra.

Wailesii. In honor of G. Wailes, of Newcastle, an amateur

in Orchids.

Walkeri. ") Complimentary to Mr. Edward Walk-

Walkerianus, -a, -um. > er, who first discovered Cattleya

Walkeri in Brazil.

Wallichii. > In honor of Dr. N. Wallich, the dis-

Wallichianus, -a, -um. > tinguished East Indian botanist.
Wallisii. In honor of Mr. Wallis, of Rio Alvato, New Gra-
nada, the introducer of many fine South American Or-
chids.

Wardii. > In honor of several of the name of Ward. Den-

Wardiarmm. > drobium Wardianum was named for Thomas

Ward, of Southampton, who first flowered it.
Warneri. } Complimentary to Mr. Robert War-

Warnerianus. -a, -um. ) ner, whose collection of Orchids at



4/6 ORCHIDS.



Chelmsford is one of the finest in existence. Also, as to

Odontoglossum Warneri, in honor of his brother, Mr.

C. B. Warner.

Warrea, ) In honor of Mr. Fred Warre, an ama-

Warreanus, -a, -um. ) teur collector in Brazil.
Warsoewiczella. ) Complimentary to M. Von Warscewicz,
Warscewiczii. ) well known as a collector in Central

America.
Weltoni. Commemorates the discoveries of Mr. Welton, a

collector of Orchids in South America.

Wightianum, 1 In compliment to Robert Wight, the East
Wightii. ) Indian botanist and author.

Williamsii. In compliment to B. S. Williams, author of the

" Orchid-growers' Manual."

Willmorei, ) Complimentary to John Willmore, of Oldford,
Willmoreana. ) near Birmingham.
Wolstenholmae. Complimentary to Mrs. Wolstenholm, sis-

ter of John Day, of Tottenham, an amateur in Orchids.
Woodfordii. In memory of E. A. J. Woodford, of Brazil.
Wrayae. Complimentary to Mrs. Wray, of Oakfield, Chel-

tenham, an amateur in Orchids.

X.

Xanthinus, -a, -um. Yellowish, amber.
Xanthodon. Yellow-toothed.
Xanthophebius, -a, -urn. Yellow-veined.
Xanthophyllus, -a, -um. Yellow-leaved.
Xiphifolius, -a, um. Iris-leaved.

Y.
Ybaguensis, -e. Native of Ybagua or Ibagua.

Z.

Zebrinus, -a, -um. Striped.

Zygopetalum. From zugos, a yoke, and petalon^ a petal.



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Online LibraryEdward Sprague RandOrchids; a description of the species and varieties grown at Glen Ridge, near Boston, with lists and descriptions of other desirable kinds : preface by chapters on the culture, propagation, collection, and hybridization of orchids; the → online text (page 25 of 25)