miles from the City of Oxford. Matthew was Town Clerk of Great Milton
for a number of years. I see you spell the last syllable of your surname
with it, as do our family in England. Uncle Thomas' family now spell
the name, Augtfr. I think we must be distantly related. All the Augurs
I knew in England were related to my family. We are of pure English
descent, and I never heard any tradition that we were of Huguenot
origin. Grandfather used to say our early ancestors came over to Eng-
land with the Normans. Dr. Lee, quite a learned man and a great friend
of my grandfather, gave him that information.
Still another spelling of the name should be mentioned.
Robert, son of John, and Dinah (Page) went West about 1806,
and for reasons given in his sketch spelled his name Augir.
His descendants have so written the name, though some of
them now put u in place of i in the last syllable.
Thus it appears that there have been four different ways of
spelling the surname among Robert's descendants — Aug^r,
Aug?^r, Augz'r and Alger. The English names — Auger, Anger,
Aunger, Aungier, and perhaps Ainger — may have been earlier
forms of the same name. The names Awger and Allgar have
also been found. The name John Aunger, found as early as
141 1, seems to confirm the opinion held by some of the Augurs
in England that the family is of Norman origin.
It has been supposed that Nicholas, Esther, John, Robert,
and Nicholas, 2nd, came to New Haven Colony. Also that
John and Nicholas, 2nd, left the colony with the design of re-
turning to England for the purpose of disposing of property
there which belonged to the family. Arriving at New York
they were taken sick with yellow fever, then raging in the
city, and died. Another version is that only one of them died,
and that the other was lost at sea while on his return. Another
tradition states that they were on board the ' ' great shippe ' '
which sailed for England from New Haven in mid-winter
laden with products of the industry of the colonists, and having
about seventy persons on board, which ship was never after-
wards heard from. No evidence has been found that either
John the father of Robert, or Nicholas his brother, were ever
in New England. These traditions may have originated in
trying to explain the utter silence of the records about them
after assuming that both must have settled in New Haven.
Mr. Edward Comes and other descendants of Abraham
Augur have believed their early Augur ancestors were Hugue-
nots, and have quoted Mr. Nathan Pond, a genealogist of
Milford, now dead, as having expressed a similar belief. Mrs.
Pond finds nothing in her late husband's papers concerning
the Augurs. French origin may have been inferred from the
fact that Auger (O-zha-r) is not an uncommon French name.
There is a town or village in France by that name. Several
books concerning the Huguenots have been scanned in vain to
find any persons of that name mentioned. The names in Mrs.
Margery Augur's will indicate that she may have been of
French descent and perhaps a Huguenot. It is still more
likely that Dept. Gov. Mathew Guilbert, so his name is spelled
in his will, may have been a Huguenot, for Samuel Smiles, an
authority concerning the Huguenots, states that Guilbert was
a Huguenot name. The following statement of Allen Augur
of Boonville, N. Y., was made about fifty years ago to Phineas
"There were three brothers who came over to Connecticut. One
settled in New Haven, one in East Haddam, and one in Glastonbury.
The one in East Haddam called his name Augur, the other two, Alger.
Our family is supposed to be from the one who settled in East Haddam."
None of these three statements can be verified, and two are
known to be incorrect. First, Robert did not spell his name
Alger. Secondly, we are not descendants of the East Haddam
Augur, but of Robert. Thirdly, the Glastonbury Auger prob-
ably was a descendant of the Lyme, or East Haddam Auger.
He changed his name to Alger. We know Robert had two
brothers, but have no evidence that either of the other two
ever came to New England.
Another somewhat amusing tradition is as follows:
"My Aunt once said, ' you have the curly, abundant hair of the 's
but the color is genuine Augur-black. Don't you know that your grand-
father, thirty-two generations back was an Irishman, thick-set, of very
dark complexion and quick-tempered; and that many of his descendants
are like him to this day? ' "
For those who have with confidence believed their ancestors
on the Augur side were French Protestant refugees, the writer
would suggest that this ancestor, thirty-two generations back
might have been what Mark Twain facetiously calls "A
Frenchman from Cork." It is possible that this tradition may
be founded upon fact, and that we are descendants of Francis
Anger, or Aungier, Master of Rolls in Ireland, and Baron of
28 DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT.
ROBERT AUGUR AND HIS DESCENDANTS.
The general plan of the recently published Atwater History
and some of its space-saving features have been adopted for
this book. They are briefly explained as follows:
The names of all Augurs are given in proper order by gener-
ations, each name being preceded by a genealogical number.
Children of female Augurs having some other surname will
not be included in the consecutive numbering, but each name
will be preceded by a Roman numeral, I., II., III., etc., the first
child of each family being number I. The names of grand-
children of female Augurs, if given, will be preceded by Arabic
numerals, i, 2, 3, etc., the first child of each family being
As the surname Augur can always be inferred from the
prefixed genealogical number, it is omitted. Other surnames
which can be inferred from preceding mention are also omitted.
The date and place of birth of any Augur are given only
where he or she is mentioned as a child, following the sketch
of the parent.
A star is prefixed to the genealogical number before each
name carried forward. Names brought forward, with the pre-
fixed numbers are printed in heavier type.
The lineage back to Robert is given for only the oldest of a
family, it being the same for all the other brothers or sisters.
In mentioning cities or towns in Connecticut, the state is
The book has two indexes, the first including all Augurs,
arranged alphabetically by the first names, giving before each
name the genealogical number, and after it the page where
that name is found; the second index includes all other persons
mentioned in the book, arranged alphabetically by surnames,
giving the page where the name may be found.
FIRST GENERATION. 29
1. Robert Augur, son of John and Ann Augur, our
first ancestor in this country, was born in England. He 111.
at New Haven, Nov. 20, 1673, Mary Guilbert, b. June 11,
1651, bapt. June 22, 1651, dau. of Dept. Gov. Mathew Guil-
bert and his wife Jane. Mary died, widow of Robert Augur,
,Feb. 19, 1 73 1, probably at East Haven. 1 The date of his death
is not known, nor do we know the exact date of his coming to
New Haven. From the following item in the early Colonial
Records we may infer that he came during the summer or fall
"At a Town Meeting in New Haven, Feb. 7, 1668, Mr. Davenport came
into the meeting and spoke concerning the establishment of a Grammar
or Collegiate School as designed by the bequest of Mr. Hopkins. He
wished to know whether the people desired to send their sons to such a
school, and asked those present to express themselves. Upon which
Roger Ailing declared his purpose to bring up one of his sons to learn-
ing; also Thomas Trowbridge, David Atwater and others. Mr. Augur
(Nicholas) said he intended to send for a kinsman from England." 2
This kinsman probably was Robert, and he may have at-
tended Hopkins Grammar School, which was established soon
after that meeting, and which still exists.
Rev. Stephen Dodd, in his East Haven Register mentions
Robert, and gives facts concerning his marriage, and the names
and dates of birth of his children. Robert Augur was admit-
ted a free inhabitant in 1674. He may have been a clerk in
his Uncle Nicholas' mercantile business which he carried on in
addition to his medical practice. After his uncle's death he
may have continued that business for his Aunt Esther or for
himself; but of his occupation in life we have no certain knowl-
edge. His name does not appear in a list of the original
planters of East Haven in 1702; yet according to the New
Haven records —
" In 1680 the third division of lands in the colony was made and issued.
The number of acres to be allotted to each proprietor was determined
by the number of persons in his family, and the amount of estate on
which he paid taxes. When the number of acres to which each was
entitled had been ascertained the proprietors were enrolled in two com-
panies, one to have their allotments on the east side of the town, the
other on the opposite side."
1 Rev. Daniel W. Havens' Manuscript History of East Haven, New Haven Historical
2 New Haven Colonial Records.
30 DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT.
In the list of those who had allotments on the east side
(East Haven) is the name of Robert Augur; number of persons
in his family, five; amount on which he paid taxes, £8; num-
ber of acres to which he was entitled, twenty-one. 1 He may
have lived on this land but that is quite doubtful. The num-
ber of persons in his family is given as five, but from the
record of births we can make only four. There may have
been another child not mentioned in the records, possibly a
first Mary who died young. Savage mentions "Mary again,
1683, died soon" implying that earlier he may have had a
daughter Mary. We have found no records which give either
Mary. The house and land in New Haven where he probably
lived in 1680, was then held in the name of Mathew Guilbert
which accounts for the small amount on which he paid taxes.
Rev. Daniel W. Havens in his Manuscript History of East
Haven, supplementary to Dodd's East Haven Register, assumes
that he removed to East Haven, and states that there is no
record of the death of either Robert or his wife Mary. But later
he gives the date of death of Mary, widow of Robert, Feb. 19,
1 73 1. Savage also states that John, b. Nov. 16, 1686 (our
ancestor) "was by a second 7vife.'"' 1 This latter statement is
most certainly incorrect, for according to Haven's History,
Mary died in 1731, about four years after the death of her
son John. The following evidence of title shows that she was
living in New Haven, and probably Robert also, in 1700:
Mrs. Jane Gilbert of New Haven saith that she heard her dear husband
Mathew Gilbert say that he would, and also he did give unto his son
and daughter Robert and Mary Augur a small part of his home lot lying
in New Haven, the quantity being 4 rods square, with that condition
that he fenced it all on his own cost, which gift was about 24 years since.
Mathew Gilbert testifieth to the above that he heard his father say as
above. Robert and Mary Augur having had quiet possession of a small
tract of land of about 4 rods square being in New Haven and being that
land that was formerly given to them by their honored father, Mr.
Mathew Gilbert, for the space of about 24 years past without any claim
or molestation, the above Mary Augur doth now record it to herself and
her heirs forever, this third day of September, 1700. The above said
land is known and owned to be in the possession of the above said Mary
Augur, by us,
John Alung, Justice & Town Clerk.
Thomas Taixmadge, ) Townsmen . 3
John Sacket, )
1 New Haven Colonial Records.
2 Savage, vol. I., pp. 78, 79.
J New Haven, Land Records, Transcript, vol.
FIRST GENERATION. 3 1
In New Haven Land Records, vol. in., p. 45, is a deed of
' ' John Augur of New Haven by and with the full consent of
Mary Augur my mother, to John Guilbert " (his cousin), dated
Nov. 23, 1707, conveying —
"One sixth of a parcel of land in the precincts of New Haven near
Mr. Yale's farm known by the name of Mr. Gilbert's third division,
which tract was granted and laid out for Mathew Gilbert, 160 acres
be it more or less," etc.
Mary ( M ) Augur. John Augur.
This deed signed by John Augur and his mother Mary Augur
might seem to indicate that Robert, John's father, had died
before Nov. 23, 1707, but the following quotation seems to
show that he was living in 1 7 1 1 .
In the Clara Louise Sands Genealogical Collection at The
Curtiss Memorial Library, Meriden, vol. iv., p. 182, in a
Query is the following statement:
"Joseph Wooden son of Jeremiah, and grandson of William Wooden,
1st, with John Collins of New Haven, in 1736 sold to Joseph Lounsbury
one-half interest in 10 acres and 20 rods of land in New Haven, lying in
the fifth division, granted to Robert Augur in 171 1, the grantors each
claiming an undivided one-fourth interest in said tract, and stating that
Robert Augur was their grandfather. ' '
From this it would seem probable that Jeremiah Wooden
(Wooding) married one of Robert Augur's daughters, Esther
or Ann, and the father of the above mentioned John Collins,
the other one.
2. Esther, b. Oct. 19, 1677.
3. John, b. Nov. 26, 1678; d. young.
4. Mary, b. ; d.
5. Ann, b. Nov. 14, 1682.
6. Mary, b. , 1683; d. soon.
7. John, b. Nov. 16, 1686.
" Matthew Gilbert, [father of Mary Augur, Robert's wife,] was one of
the foremost men in the settlement (New Haven). He is supposed to
have come from London, but of his birth, parentage or previous history
nothing is known. In 1639 he was chosen one of the two deacons of the
First church, which office he held until 1658 when he voluntarily re-
signed. He was one of the ' seven pillars ' selected to bear up both
32 DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT.
Church and State. From an early period for a long term of years he
was in civil affairs second only to Gov. Eaton. On his broad shoulders
were laid the burdens of Magistry and in those days the office was no
sinecure. He was first Deputy Magistrate of New Haven Colony and
afterwards Guilford and Milford were comprehended in the jurisdiction.
He was afterwards Dept. Governor, a change in name only, not in office.
No name except that of Gov. Eaton appears more frequently in the
records in connection with public business and with high and difficult
trusts. It is impossible to resist
the conclusion that he was a man
in whose integrity, piety, strong
common sense and large capacity
for public affairs his fellow citizens
reposed entire confidence and with
perfect safety — a confidence that
was never shaken. He died in
1680, his property being rated at
^T6oo. The mysterious letters M.
G. chiselled on the rude grave-
stone near the Center Church,
there is now little doubt were the
modest epitaph of the first Dep-
utv Governor of New Haven Col-
Concerning where he lived, the same writer states:
" The squares bounded by Church, Chapel, State, and Elm Streets, and
by State, George, Church, and Chapel Streets were mostly occupied by
Londoners. The first of these two squares was the Davenport quarter
and was divided into ten distinct allotments. One of these, the lot of
Matthew Gilbert, was on the S. W. Corner of this square." 2
Somewhere on this lot a small piece of land was given by-
Matthew Gilbert to his son and daughter, Robert and Mary-
Augur, upon which they probably lived for over twenty-five
years. The marriage into such a famity implies that Robert
Augur was of good social standing.
THE WIEE OF MATTHEW GUIEBERT. S
Mr. Mathew Guilbert His last Will & testament.
I Mathew Guilbert, senio r having my understanding and memory yet
through ye goodness of god continued, yet being under great paynes
even to ye stopping of my breath sometimes which makes me think of
1 It is not positively known that this stone -with the inscription "M 80 G," is the
gravestone of Mathew Guilbert, though it is supposed to be so.
8 New Haven Historical Papers, p. 121. The Matthew Gilbert Lot, by E. L. Cleave-
laud, D. D.
3 Probate Records, N. H. vol. 1., p. 183.
FIRST GENERATION. 33
a sudden change, doe therefore make this as my last will & testam' this
fourteenth day of ye eleventh month commonly called January, one
thousand six hundred and seventy-nine. Imp r I doe give up my soule
into the hands of Jesus Christ my redeemer, for I know whom I have
believed & am persuaded y 4 he is able to keep that which I have com-
mitted to him against that day. and my body to a comely buriall, in
hope of a joyful resurrection, whereof he hath given this assurance in
that he raysed him from ye dead.
1st, that estate which the Lord hath been pleased to continue to me
(who giveth and taketh blessed be his name) my will is that it be thus
disposed: After just debts be paid (which by this my will I provide not
for) I give to my deare & loving wife one half of my personall estate be
it more or less, and to take her half in those things y f she shall judge
most usefull for her, to be hers to dispose: And I doe give to my loving
wife my dwelling house, orchard and barne with all y e conveniences
belonging thereunto, during her natural life or widdowhood: And I give
her foure acres of land in y e quarter commonly called Mr. Davenport's
quarter neare my pasture, and five acres & a half in y e necke, & one half
of my eight acres of meadow lying on this side in y e salt meadow, & I
give her five acres of my meadow on the Island: And I also give her
twenty acres on the playnes beyond Ed: Dormans, except my two sons
would take it in to themselves, which by my will they may, provided
they pay or cause to be payd to their mother ten pound, or else to lay
out this twenty acres: this housing and land to improve as she sees best
for her comfort, but if it should please god to follow her with aflixion in
her widdowhood, that y e improvement will not yield her convenient
supply my will is that she may sell some parcell or parcells of land to
supply her necessitys: but if the wise disposer of all things should
dispose of her in marriage, that then y e one half of my dwelling house
lott and barne be delivered to my son Samuell Guilbert to possess & all
y e land remaining in her hand at her marriage be kept to be disposed of
according to this will. Item. I give to my son, Mathew Guilbert, an
acre of my house lott with y e chimney wall & cellar & y e new house
(though built by my estate to my great damage in my condition) upon
these conditions: first that he pay or cause to be payd unto my two
daughters twenty pounds sterling to witt: ten pounds to Mary Auger &
ten pounds to Hannah Parker within four years after my death. 2>y,
that he set up and maintain a sufficient fence between his lott and his
mothers lott during her widdowhood: to cut short, I joine my two sons
Mathew Guilbert & Samuel together in y e dividing of my land: I give
to my son Mathew half my land butting on the mill lane & to Samuell
y e other half; and to Mathew halfe y e land in the litle quarter & to
Samuell y e other halfe. I give to Mathew half of my ten acres of land
y 1 lies neare y e mill necke & Samuel y e other halfe. I give to Mathew
halfe of five acres & a halfe of land lying on y e west side & to Samuell
the other halfe: I give to Mathew thirty three acres of my land on y e
playnes & Samuell thirty three more: (if the)- will not pay the foremen-
tioned sume to their mother and soe possess all): I give to my son Mathew
34 DESCENDANTS OF JOHN.
seven acres of meadow in y e salt meadow lying on y e north side of y e
Creeke: I give my son Samuell foure acres of meadow lying on the south
side of y e creeke: y' piece of meadow to be equally divided between his
mother and hee: And I give to Samuel five acres of meadow on y e
Island: and I give to Samuell my dwelling house, lott and barne to be his
after his mothers death shee dying in her widdowhood: but if she change
her condition then to possess one half as before mentioned: I give to my
two sons Mathew & Samuell Guilbert the one half of my personal estate,
to be equally divided between them: that land which my loving wife
has for her improvement her life, at her death I give to Mathew. Y e
five acres of meadow on y e Island, and to Samuel the foure acres of
meadow which lyeth next to his own foure acres given by this will, and
that land in y e quarter of the necke which my loving wife hath to im-
prove, my will is that at her death she dispose of it to my daughters
children, as she shall see best, either to sell the land and divide the
money, or as she shall see most for their advantage.
I give to my cousin Sarah How twenty shillings. I give to my grand
child John Guilbert one acre of meadow lying on the north side of the
seven acres given to Mathew & I doe constitute and make my loving
wife my sole executrix. This my last will I signe and seale in the
presence of these witnesses.
William Peck, b me> MaThew guilbert [Seal].
The affidavit of the witnesses follows; also the inventory of
his estate which amounted to ,£504 13s. nd. Appraised by
James Bishop and Moses Mansfield.
1 . John, son of Robert, m. July 1,1710, Elizabeth Bradley,
dau. of Isaac, and Elizabeth . Isaac's wife d. Jan. 3,
1713; he d. Jan. 12, 1713. Isaac Bradley, the progenitor of
the East Haven Bradleys, came originally from Bingley, York-
shire, Eng. He was first in Branford, where he married, in
1674, Elizabeth . He removed to East Haven in 1683.
The house he built and occupied is still standing but it has
been remodeled in recent years.
" It was built of material obtained on the spot, viz. : Boulders of granite
and trap rock with mortar compounded of sand, clay and lime from
shells burned, and taken from the river and meadows close by. The
interior is constructed from the neighboring forests; and to-day this
colonial house stands forth a remakable example of the skill of the
owner, who was a carpenter, a good architect, and a most valuable
acquisition to the town."
John Augur d. in 1726, aged 40 years. According to the
East Haven Register by Rev. Stephen Dodd, he was a shoe-
maker, and probably lived in East Haven. On the 25th of
February, 1709, another half division of land was made.
"John Augur, Poll, 1, £21, Acres, 2%.
House built and occupied by Isaac Bradley in East Haven.
This is believed to be the land on which afterward stood the
house occupied by Daniel, later by Philemon, and on which
the house occupied by Roswell, now stands. There is some
doubt whether the present house was Daniel's residence. If
so it has undoubtedly been considerably renovated. When
John died his youngest son Abraham was only about two
*8. Mary, b. Aug. 28, 1711; m. John Higgins; d, Oct. 24, 1787, age 76.
*9. Daniel, b. about 1715; d. Feb. 18, 1803; m. (1) Elizabeth Hitch-
cock; m. (2) Mabel Brown.
*io. John, b. about 1716; m. Rachael Barnes, Jan. 5, 1744; d. March
*n. Isaac, b. about 1718 or 1720; m. Eunice Tyler, Oct. 5, 1748; d.
July 29, 1808.
12. Elizabeth, b. ; m. Ives.
13. Lydia, b. ; m. Chas. Thomas, or Thompson, March 22, 1742.
*i4. Abraham, b. about 1724; m. (1) Elizabeth Bradley; m. (2) Mrs.
Sarah Alcock; d. May 1, 1798.
New Haven Colonial Records.
36 DESCENDANTS OF MARY.
8. Mary, 3 — -John, 2 Robert 1 — m. John Higgins, son of John,
of Westchester, N. Y., who, according to Dodd, was brought
to East Haven when a boy and put under the care of Daniel
Bradley. It is quite probable that he was of Huguenot descent
as Higgins (originally Huygins ) is said to be a French Hugue-
I. Timothy, b. Jan. 30, 1734.
II. John, b. March 10, 1743.
III. Isaac, b. Oct. 5, 1745.
IV. Elizabeth, b. May 13, 1746.
V. Abraham, b. Feb. 26, 1748.
9. Daniel, son of John, m. (1) Elizabeth Hitchcock, b.
Aug. 10, 1721; d. Sept. 27, 1786; dau. of Nathaniel, 2nd, and
Rebecca (Morris), and g. g. dau. of Matthias Hitchcock who
signed the "Plantation Covenant" in 1639, one of the five
original owners of the "South End Neck ' (East Haven).
Daniel m. (2) Mabel Brown, Havens, 1 who d. Feb. 29, 1824,
aged 81. He was a farmer and perhaps a blacksmith. On
the 1 6th of December, 1747, he recorded his " Eare mark which
is a slit in the end of the left eare." 2 His name appears in the