Edwin Williams.

LeStrange records; a chronicle of the early LeStranges of Norfolk and the March of Wales A.D. 1100-1310, with the lines of Knockin and Blackmore continued to their extinction online

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appurtenances, and with timber to repair the same out of his wood of Radenhall
(Rednall), and with a place near the mill convenient for winnowing. One moiety
of the profits of this mill was to go to the canons themselves ; with the other
moiety they were to provide two candles, to burn at the head and foot of the
tomb of the aforesaid Johanna, the grantor's wife. The grantor further concedes
to the canons the stank of the higher vivary, to be raised and repaired for their use

1 Blomefield, i. 314 ; viii. 264. » Ibid. ix. 100 ; x. 322. ' Ibid. i. 252.

* Supra, p. 35. * x. 113. • Fo. 106. ' x. 114.



JOHN LE STRANGE (IV) 157

and advantage, with earth taken on either side thereof. Lastly, he undertakes
that neither he nor his heirs shall raise the stank of the vivary near the King's
highroad towards Oswestry, nor shall construct any other mill there, so as to
injure the Heath mill.

Eyton further cites a deed of the same benefactor, 1 dated in
1272, by which he gave to Haughmond Abbey one acre of his own
demesne in Ruyton, and the advowson of the church thereof.
Nor did even this exhaust the gifts of John le Strange to the abbey
favoured by so many of his race ; the chartulary shows that he
gave to it the whole land of Caldecote, a member of his home
manor of Knockyn. 2

The Forest Assize Roll of November 1271 contains an entry
as to trespass in the Long Forest of Shropshire 3 by Peter de
Vaux and other dependents of John le Strange junior, at that time
only 17^- years of age, who captured a stag near Middlehope Mill.

For many years there had been rivalry and ill-feeling between
the le Stranges and the Corbets of Caus. In October 1255 Thomas
Corbet brought an action against John le Strange (at that time
junior), alleging that he had taken goods to the value of 700
marks from certain of his manors. 4 Corbet's suit was pending
for seventeen years, and the cumulative damages were rated at
£1000 ; an inquest was ordered to investigate the case, but the
result does not appear ; perhaps the matter fell through, owing
to the deaths of both parties within a year of each other.

I have mentioned 5 that Joan, the wife of John le Strange
(IV), did not obtain her share of the Albini lands which she
inherited from her mother Nicola until after the death of her
father, Roger de Somery, in 1273, as he held them for life by the
courtesy of England ; but Joan and her sisters appear to have
made a claim two years before her father's death to some other
lands inherited by them from their maternal grandmother, Mabel,
one of the four sisters and co-heiresses of Ranulph le Meschin,
Earl of Chester. 6 The inquisitions post-mortem of Henry III

1 x. ir4- * Trans. Shrops. Arch. Soc., i. 192. 3 Eyton, vi. 342.

4 Plea Rolls, 56 Hen. Ill, m. n ; Eyton, vii. 25. 5 Supra, p. 154.

• He is also styled de Blundevill, from the place of his birth, Oswestry (Album
Monasterium, or Blonde Ville), and under that designation an exhaustive account of
him is given by J. H. Round in the Diet. Nat. Biog.



158 LE STRANGE RECORDS

contain a writ 'ad plenum certiorari,' dated January 26, 1271, 1
on the petition of Ralph de Crumwell and Margaret his wife,
John le Strange and Joan his wife, Walter de Suly and Mabel his
wife, and Henry de Erdington and Maud his wife, concerning the
lands (unspecified) which were of Clemence, sometime Countess of
Chester, and were taken into the King's hands upon her death by
reason of the minority of her heir, Ralph de Somery, lately deceased,
of whom the said Margaret, Joan, Mabel, and Maud claim to
be the heirs. The inquest has unfortunately not been preserved,
and I am inclined to suspect that some mistake has been made
in the writ as to Ralph de Somery, as I cannot understand either
how he could have been the heir of Clemence Countess of Chester,
or how Margaret, Joan, Mabel, and Maud could have been his
heirs. Clemence Countess of Chester was the second wife of
Ranulph le Meschin, Earl of Chester, who died s.p. October 26,
1232 ; she was the daughter of William de Fougeres by Agatha,
sister of William de Humez, constable of Normandy, and sur-
vived her husband twenty years, dying in 1252. What lands she
possessed is not apparent, and the writ above quoted does not
specify them, but Burke 2 says that Ranulph acquired with her,
not only a large accession of lands in France, but also some ex-
tensive manors in England. These lands would have gone to
their four daughters, the second of whom, Mabel, married WiUiam
de Albini, Earl of Arundel, and was the mother of Nicola de
Albini, the wife of Roger de Somery, whose daughter, Joan,
married John le Strange (IV). The line of descent will be better
understood by a glance at the pedigree on opposite page.

Roger de Somery died in 1273. The writ for the inquisition
on his death 3 is dated August 26, and shows that he held lands
of his own inheritance in nine counties of England, and also, of
the inheritance of his first wife, Nicola de Albini, the manor
of Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire, and that of Campden in Glou-
cestershire. The lands of his own inheritance descended, of
course, to his eldest son Roger, issue of his second wife, Amabel
de Chaucombe, while those of Nicola de Albini were divided

1 File 40, No. 12 ; and Cal. thereof, i. 258, No. 779.

• Extinct Peerage, p. 348. 3 C.I.P.M. Edw. I, ii. pp. 14-16.



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160 LE STRANGE RECORDS

among her four daughters ; her inheritance is expressly stated
to be part of the ' barony of Chester,' which had come to her
from her uncle, Earl Ranulph, ' de terra quam prsedictus Rogerus
tenuit tanquam partem baronise Cestria? ipsum contingentem
per Nicholaam de Albiniaco uxorem suam primam, unam de
heredibus Hugonis de Albiniaco comitis Arundell', qui fuit unus
de heredibus Ranulphi quondam comitis Cestrise.' x The par-
tition took some months to arrange, and it was not until April 12,
1274, that the escheator this side Trent was ordered to deliver
to John le Strange the lands which the King had assigned as the
purparty of Joan, sister and co-heiress of Nicola and Hugh and
John's wife ; the extent thereof is worth giving in full, as it affords
a good idea of the very varied items which made up the revenue
from a manor in the thirteenth century :

In the manor of Barrow 5 virgates of land, 12 acres of meadow upon the bank
and elsewhere in parcels, an acre and an acre and a half of several pasture, a
quarter of two water-mills, a quarter of the park, to wit, 90 acres by the extent,
and 300 acres of the foreign wood ; and of the free tenants, from William son of
Adam, for a virgate of land, 4s. ; from the heirs of Robert Martin, for 2 virgates
of land and an assart, I2d. and 20 barbed arrows, price lod. ; Robert son of
Ralph, for a bovate of land, 3s. o\d. ; Robert de Fornham, for 4 bovates of land,
3s. ; Walter le Sauser, for a virgate of land, a pound of pepper, worth 8^. ; Roger
le Erie, for an assart, 2s. ; John le Despenser, for a cultura, izd. ; Preciosa de
Staunton, for 4 virgates of land in Friseby, a quiver and 13 arrows, worth iSd. ;
Turgis de Birleye for an assart, bd. ; Walter le Sauser, for an acre and a half,
z\d. ; from the customary tenants, to wit, Richard Pars, Richard le Carpenter,
William Beu, William Dane, William son of Thomas le Chat, John Brid, William
le Doneur, John Hervy, John Oy, Gilbert Flory, Robert de Soley, each of whom
holds a virgate of land ; of the cottars, Henry Campion, Matilda Bridd, Henry
le Plomer, each of whom renders yearly, with the rents of boon-works and tallages,
2.S. ; Richard le Fevre, for a cottage-holding [cotsend], 2s. ; Matilda Sturnell for a
cottage-holding, 18^. ; Henry le Charetter, for a cottage-holding and 3 selions, 2
3s. 4^. ; Geoffrey le Messer, for 2 cottage-holdings, 3s. qd. ; Turgis Erley for an
acre, 6d. ; John le Saler, for a bovate of land, 2s. ; Thomas Felach, for a bovate
and an acre of land, 3s. id. ; John Herebert, for an assart, igd. ; from the holders
of wood-houses (wodehusis) , to wit, John Hervy, for 4^ acres of land, 4s. ; Thomas
Felach, for 3J acres, 3s. bd. ; Ralph son of Geoffrey, for 3 acres, 3s. in the same
manors ; and in the manor of Caumpeden, from the customary tenants of Westing-
ton ; William Det, for half a burgage, bd. ; Dionysia the nurse, for half a burgage,

1 Calendarium Genealogicum Hen. Ill and Edw. I, i. 196, No. 15.
1 A strip of land, or furrow.



JOHN LE STRANGE (IV) 161

i8d . ; William King for a burgage, 2od. ; John Prest, for a burgage, 2od. ; Robert
Davy, for half a burgage,



Online LibraryEdwin WilliamsLeStrange records; a chronicle of the early LeStranges of Norfolk and the March of Wales A.D. 1100-1310, with the lines of Knockin and Blackmore continued to their extinction → online text (page 15 of 37)