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THE LIBRARY

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THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



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THE LAW



AND



THE TESTIMONY.



BY THE AUTHOR OF



"THE WIDE, WIDE WORLD."



"Dig farther and thou shalt find more."

" The secret things helong unto the Lord our God; hut those things
which are revealed belong unto us, and to our children for ever, that
•we may do all the words of this law." — Deut. xxix. 29.



NEW YORK:

ROBERT CARTER & BROTHERS,

No. 2 8 5 BROADWAY.

1853.




Entered, according to Act of Congress, iu ihe year 1853, by

R(JBKRT CARTER & BROTHERS,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, lor the
Southern District of New York.



STBR30TYPFD BY

THOMAfJ B. «MITH,
21(> William Street.



PRINTED HY

E. O. JENKINS.
114 Nassau Street.



%■ Sole of giiibisrnirut ta ttjc 'llrakr.

It must be asked, and it must be answered, "What is this big
book ? and what is anybody's pretence for giving it to the pub-
lic ? The first question only needs any care, and needs not many
words.

This big book is not another book of reference : nothing less.
It is no concordance of subjects, nor collection of beauties. It
has not its fellow in the market ; or if it have, it is a fellow that
nobody knows.

It is a gathering of facts for the purposes of induction. It is
a setting together of the mass of Scripture testimony on each
of the grand points of Scripture teaching; in the hope that when
the whole light of the scattered rays is flung on the matter, the
truth may be made manifest.

In their ordinary arrangement, the Bible forces may be said
to charge in " dispersed order ;" here they seem to stand as in
the old Macedonian phalanx, shoulder to shoulder, with shields
locked. Certainly the phalanx order would never have done
the Bible work. But it may have its own proper ends.

I don't doubt some heads have been shaken at the idea of
such work being done by a woman.

No woman set about it, in the first place ; it was but a girl
and a child. And they had little knowledge of the theological
world, and certainly no meaning to enlighten anybody except
themselves. The thing fell out on this wise.

One Sabbath evening, my little sister, in a spirit of weary
good intentions, asked of my father to give her something to do on



1125489



IV AKOTE OP ADVISEMENT

Sundays. My fatlier pondered the matter a little ; and tlien turn-
ing round to the table, sketched off the list of subjects, — or points
of belief, — on which the following work has grown up. These he
gave my sister and me, telling us to begin with the first chapter
of Genesis and see what the Bible said about them'.

This list has never been changed, except by the addition of
one head, which afterward, upon ftdl trial and consideration, was
stricken out again. It stands, in the matter and order of its di-
visions, just as it stood at first.

Now were we launched upon a delightful independent voyage
of discovery, for which we trimmed our sails with great gravity.
What a little rag of a sail we had to begin with, to be sure !
But Avith that we went humbly and carefully to work. We were
not bold nor presumptuous mariners.

' One chapter a day was all we took. We searched that care-
fully, and noted down with miser eagerness everything which
seemed to us to have an important bearing upon any point in our
scheme. On Sunday we indulged ourselves with two chapters.
Then we compared notes, and sent each other back to look for
what either had missed ; gave each the other the advantage of
her discoveries, her light, her better counsel. And at intervals,
in those days, we submitted our notes to the overlooking and
ovcrjudging of my father; holding long, very interested, and'
doubtless very profound, discussions about them.

But by dint of this practice we ourselves grew daily in the
power of judging; and not only that, but the skill and the power
of seeing too ; till by the time we were half through the Bible,
we were just fit to begin again at the beginning. And so we did,
I know not how many times, starting back from different
points in our progress ; for still sight and skill grew with the use
of them, and the Bible seemed a mine never to be explored. We
know it to be so now ; and have given up all hope, or wish, ever



TO THE EEADER.



to see the last ore fetclied out of that depth, and obliged to yield
up its treasures to earthly eyes. ' Many a bit we passed in our igno-
rance, in the days when we could see no metal but what glitter-
ed on the surface ; and many a good time we went back again,
long afterward, and broke our rejected lump with great exulta-
tion to find it fat with the riches of the mine.

That we thought ourselves enriched in the course of this busi-
ness, was of necessity. The next thing was to show what we
had got. If we could, we would have taken every soul through
the mine to gather for himself But as we could not do that, it
seemed worth while to set forth our collection ; though none can
possibly be so good to any one as that he has made himself.
"Where the best things are not possible, the best may be made
of those that are."

To examine the whole gathered testimony of the Bible on
any point, is one thing ; and to go take it oneself at the mouths
of the Bible writers, is a very different thing. But in both ways
two results may be arrived at ; the exceeding strength of their
united evidence, and the strange harmony with which it is given.
Unhke as they were, and very unlike as were their occasions and
ways of saying the same thing. Those gentle and scattered rays
of truth so many coloured, and so easy perhaps to deal with
separately, brought together are an exceeding white light, " a
light above the brightness of the sun."

To go through the Bible as we have gone through it, is like
seeing in a vision the Bible witnesses called to appear and
give testimony ; — and suppose it were by the uplifting of the hand.
There is the stern finger of Moses, then the quietly attesting sign
of the writer of history ; David's hand is on high, with a cymbal
in it ; the prophet of Lamentations passes by, covered with sack-
cloth, and his head down ; but his hand is up; Isaiah's is waved in
exultation ; and there is the triumphing gesture of St. Paul, and



vi A NOTETOTHE READER.

the outstretched arms of St. John. In sorrow or in joy, they are
all at one, and so are you with them, before the last has
given his testimony. They are all at one, though centuries rolled
away between the time when one lay down in the dust and the
next lifted his head upon a changed world. Though this "a
golden crown had on," and that other was "in weariness and
painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in cold and
nakedness ;" though one was " learned in all the wisdom" of the
politest people, and another was a prime minister in the gTcatest
heathen kingdom, and another made and mended the nets by
which he gained his bread on the little inland water that washed
the walls of Capernaum. They all sing the same song; they all
know the same knowledge ; and they all esteem it with one ac-
cord, "beyond their chief joy."

It would be too much to say that in the following work we
have always given in each case the lohole Bible testimony. I
believe we could never do that. But we have gathered all the
strong passages that we could find. Except in one or two in-
stances where they out-numbered their importance, and in two or
three other instances where the subjects were very nearly bound
with other subjects, and to have given the whole array of pas-
sages under each head would have been to repeat more than was
ncedfid. It is taken for granted that the student will go from
one to the other.

If we were asked how we estimate this book, we should an-
swer with one breath, "Beyond price !" We cannot hope that
it shall be tlie same thing to others. But we believe that it will
be very much what they choose to make it. The only spirit to
make anything of the Bible, is that of the man who after all was
a wise man when he said, " Lord, my God, I am but a little
child !"



Co lit cuts.



PAGE

THE DIVINE NATURE ^ . . . 1

DIVINITY OF THE SAVIOUR 37

DIVINITY OF THE HOLY SPIRIT 93

GOD'S OMNISCIENCE 114

GOD'S UNIVERSAL GOVERNMENT 137

god's SOVEREIGNTY 185

GOD'S REGARD FOR HIS OWN GLORY 243

GOD'S JUSTICE 283

GOD'S GOODNESS 340

CHRIST ADMINISTERS THE DIVINE GOVERNMENT ON EARTH ... . . 369

CHRIST'S PROPHETIC OFFICE 404

CHRIST'S PRIESTLY OFFICE 419

OFFICE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT 469

man's FREEDOM 493

MAN'S FALL 530

THE NATURE OF SIN 534

IMPUTATION OF SIN 574

THE PREVALENCE OF SIN 609

CONSEQUENCES OF SIN 624

REPENTANCE 648

FAITH, WHAT? 669

IMPORTANCE OF FAITH 703

SALVATION BY FAITH 727



Vlii CONTENTS.



PAGE

IMPUTATION OF RIGHTEOUSNESS 735

JUSTIFICATION 742

SANCTIFICATION 761

DUTY OF HOLINESS - 761

THE RESURRECTION 784

THE JUDGMENT 798

HEAVEN, TVHAT? 815

HELL, WHAT? 835



I.



€^t tiinnt Maturt



In the beginning (3o\i crcateb tlic l)eaDcn anb tl)c cartl).

And the earth was without form, and void ; and darkness was upon
the face of the deep : and the Spirit of God moved upon the fece of

the waters, ^nb ©ob saib, £et tljerc be iigl)t : aub tl)cre roas

liglit.

And God said, Let tl0 niake man in oor image, after our hke-
ness : and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over
the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and
over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God
created man in \]13 OtUU image, in the image of God created he
him ; male and female created he them.

And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of
US, to know good and evil.

And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which
the children of men builded. And the Lord said, Behold, the peo-
ple is one, and they have all one language ; and this they begin to
do : and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have
imagined to do. Go to, let US go down, and there confound their
language, that they may not understand one another's speech.

And the Lord said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh,
saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old ? Js OUg-
tl)ing too l)arb for i\)C £orb? At the time appointed I will re-
turn unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have
a son.

And Abraham planted a grove in Beer-sheba, and called there
on the name of the Lord, tl)e COCrlastittg ®ob.

Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest
of Midian : and he led the flock to the back side of the desert, and
came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. And the angel of
the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a
bush ; and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, and
the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn
aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And
when the Lord saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto
him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses : and he
said, Here am L And he said, jJHratD ttOt uigl) t)ill)Cr : ^JUt off



Gen. i. 1-a.



Gen. i. 26, 27.



Gen. lii. 22.



Gen. xi. 5-7.



Genesis,
xviii. 13, 14.



Gen. xxi. 33.



Ex. ill, 1-6.



THE DIVINE NATUEE.



Ex. iii. 13-15.



Ex. vi. 2, 3.



Ex. XV. 1-12.



Exod. XV. 18,

Exwliig,
xxxiii. 12-14.



tl)j} sl)ocs from off tl}B feet; for tl)c place tDl)crcon tljon stanb-

est is l)0lri grounli. Moreover he said, I am the God of thy fa-
ther, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.
And Moses hid his face ; for he was afraid to look upon God.

And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the chil-
dren of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of y(nir fi^thers
hath sent me unto you ; and they shall say to me. What is his
name ? what shall I say unto them ? And God said unto Moses, I
AM THAT I AM : And he said. Thus shalt thou say unto the children
of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. And God said moreover
unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The
Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac,
and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name
forever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord :
And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob by the
name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAII was I not
known to them.

Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the
Lord, and spake, saying, I will sing unto the Lord, for he hath tri-
umphed gloriously ; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into
the sea. The Lord is my strength and song, and he is become my
salvation : he is my God, and I will prepare him a habitation ;
my father's God, and I will exalt him. The Lord is a man of war :
the Lord is his name. Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he
cast into the sea : his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red
sea. The dejiths have covered them : they sank into the bottom
as a stone. Thy right hand, Lord, is. become glorious in power :
thy right hand, O Lord, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. And in
the greatness of thine excellency thou hast oveithrown them that
rose up against thee : thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed
them as stubble. And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were
gathered together, the floods stood upright a.s a heap, and the
depths were congealed in the heart of the sea. The enemy said, I
will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil : my lust shall
be satisfied upon them ; I will draw my sword, mine hand shall
destroy thorn. 3;i)ou biiiGt bloiD uiitl) tl)n ruiub, tl}c sea concrcb

tl]Cnt : they sank as lead in the migliLy waters. Who is like unto
thee, O Lord, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious ill l)oli-
ncGs, fearful in praises, iioiug tooiibers ? Thou stretchedst out
thy right hand, the earth swallowed tliem.

The Lord shall reign forever and ever.

And Moses said unto the Lord, See, thou sayost unto me, Bring
up this people : and thou hast not let me know wliom thou wilt
send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou
hast also found grace in my sight. Now therefore I prav tliee, if



THE DIVINE NATURE.



3



I have found grace in thy sight, show me now thy way, that I may
know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that
this nation is thy people.

And he said, iHji prc0encc sljall go roiti) tijcc, and I will
give thee rest.

And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.

And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I
"will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee : and will be gracious to
whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew
mercy. And he said. Thou canst not see my face : for tljcrc sl)oU no
man see me anb line. And the Lord said. Behold, there is a place
by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock : and it shall come to pass,
while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a cleft of the
rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by : and I
will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts : but
my face shall not be seen.

And Balak said unto Balaam, What hast thou done unto me ? I
took thee to curse mine enemies, and behold, thou hast blessed them
altogether. And he answered and said. Must I not take heed to
speak that which the Lord hath put in my mouth ? And Balak
said unto him, Come, I pray thee, with me unto another place, from
whence thou mayest see them : thou shalt see but the utmost part
of them, and shalt not see them all : and curse me them from thence.

And he brought him into the field of Zophim, to the top of Pis-
gah, and built seven altars, and offered a bullock and a ram on every
altar. And he said unto Balak, Stand here by thy burnt-oflering,
while I meet the LORD yonder. And the Lord met Balaam, and
put a word in his mouth, and said, Go again unto Balak, and say thus.
And when he came to him, behold, he stood by his burnt-ottering,
and the princes of Moab with him. And Balak said unto him, What
hath the Lord spoken ? And he took up his parable, and said. Rise
up, Balak, and hear; hearken unto me, thou son of Zippor : (23ob is

not a man, tl)at l)e sl]ouli» lie; ncitljer tljc son of man, tljat l)c

sljoulb repent : hath he said, and shall he not do it i or hath he
spoken, and shall he not make it good 2 Behold, I have received com-
mandment to bless : and he hath blessed, and I cannot reverse it.

Take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou for-
get the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they de2">art from
thy heart all the days of thy life : but teach them thy sons, and thy
sons' sons : specially the day that thou stoodest before the Lord thy
God in Horeb, when the Lord said unto me. Gather me the people
together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn
to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that
they may teach their children. And ye came near and stood under
the mountain ; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst
of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness. And the
Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire : ye heard the



Exodus,
xxxiii. 18-23.



Numbers,
xxiii. 11-20.



Dent,
iv. O-VJ. I



THE DIVINE NATUEE.



Deut. iv. 39.

Deut. vii. 9.

Deut. vii. 21.
Deut. X. 17.



Deut.
xxviii. 58.



Dent,
xxxii. 1-4.



Deut.
xxxll. 40.



Deut.

xxxiii. 26,27.



voice of the words, but satD Ito siltlilitubc ; only ye heard a voice.
And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you
to perform, even ten commandments ; and he wrote them uj)on two
tables of stone. And the Lord commanded me at that time to
teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the
land whither ye go over to possess it. Take ye therefore good heed
unto yourselves ; (for ye saw 110 manner of simiUtnbc on the
day that the Lord spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the
fire ;) lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the
similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female, the likeness
of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl
that flieth in the air, the likeness of anything that creepeth on the
ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the waters beneath the
earth : and lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou
seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of
heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which
the Lord thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole
heaven.

Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that
the Lord [)C is ©ob in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath :
there is none else.

Know that the Lord thy God, he is God, tl)C faitl)ful (E>ob,
which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and
keep his commandments to a thousand generations.

The Lord thy God is among you, a inigl)tl} ^ob onb terrible.

The Lord your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great
God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor
taketh reward.

If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that
are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and
fearful name THE LORD THY GOD ; then the Lord will make thy
plagues wondeiful.

Give ear, ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth,
the words of my mouth. My doctrine shall drop as the rain, my
speech shall distil its tlie dew, as the small rain upon the tender
herb, and as the showers upon the grass: because 1 wi|] publish
the name of the Lord : ascribe ye greatness unto our God.

lie is the Rock, |)is toork is :perfcct ; for all his ways are
judgment: a God of truth atid without iniijuity, just and right is he.

I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, j| Uyc forCUCr. If I
whet my glittering sword, &c.

There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon
the licav.'ii in thy h<'lp, and in his excellency on the sky. (Tljc
eternal (5ob is thy refuge, and undfrnoath are the everlasting arms.



THE DIVINE NATURE.



There is none Ijolg as the Lord : for there is none beside thee :
neither is there any rock like our God.

And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned : for I have trans-
gressed the commandment of the Lord, and thy words ; because I
feared the people, and obeyed their voice. Now therefore, I pray
thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship
the Lord. And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee :
for thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord hath re-
jected thee from being king over Israel. And as Samuel turned
about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it
rent. And Samuel said unto him. The Lord hath rent the kingdom
of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of
thine that is better than thou. And also tl)e Strcitgtl) of Jsriicl
toill not lie UOl" repent : for he is not a man, that he should
repent.

®l)OXt art great, £orb ©Oii : for there is none like thee,
neither is there any God besides thee, according to all that we have
heard with our ears.

And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the presence
of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward
heaven : and he said. Lord God of Israel, there is no God like thee,
in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who keepest covenant and
mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their heart:
who hast kept with thy servant David my father that thou prom-
isedst him : thou spakest also with tln^ mouth, and hast fulfilled it
with thine hand, as it is this day. Therefore now, Lord God of Is-
rael, keep with thy servant David my father that thoji promisedst
him, saying. There shall not fail thee a man in my sight to sit on
the tlirone of Israel ; so that thy children take heed to their way, that
they walk before me as thou hast walked before me. And now,
God of Israel, let thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which thou
spakest unto thy serv^ant David my father. But will God indeed
dwell on the earth? behold t!)C IjeaDcu mib Ijeanen of l]cawcns
cannot contain tl^ce : how much less this house that I have builded.
Yet have thou respect unto the prayer of thy servant, and to his sup-
plication, O Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer,
which thy servant prayeth before thee to-day : That thine eyes may
be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of
which thou hast said. My name shall be there : that thou mayest
hearken unto the prayer which thy servant shall make toward this
place. And hearken thou to the supplication of thy servant, and
of thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place : and
hear thou in l)cauen tl)J] litDcUinn-place : and when thou hearest,
forgive.

That all the people of the earth may know that tl)C iTorb is
(5ob, and that there is none cloc.



1 Sam. ii. 2.



1 Samuel,
XV. 24-29.



2 Samuel,
vii. 22.



1 Kings,
viii. 22-30.



1 Kings,
viii. CO.



6



THE DIVINE NATURE.



1 Kinsjs,
xviii. 17-40.



And it came to pass when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said
unto him, Art thou he that troubleth Israel ? And he answered, I
have not troubled Israel ; but thou and thy father's house, in that ye
have forsaken the commandments of the Lord, and thou hast fol-
lowed Baalim. Now therefore send, and gather to me all Israel
unto mount Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty,
and the prophets of the groves four hundred, which eat at Jezebel's
table.

So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the
prophets together unto mount Carmel. And Elijah came unto all
the people, and said, How long halt ye between two opinions ? if
the Lord be God, follow him : but if Baal then follow him. And
the people answered him not a word. Tlien said Elijah unto the
people, I, even I only, remain a prophet of the Lord ; but Baal's pro-
phets are four hundred and fifty men. Let them therefore give us
two bullocks ; and let them choose one bullock for themselves, and
cut it in pieces, and lay it on wood, and put no fire under: and I
will dress the other bullock, and lay it on wood, and put no fire
under: and call ye on the name of your gods, and I will call on the



Online LibrarySusan WarnerThe law and the testimony → online text (page 1 of 100)