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it, which is come unto me ; and if not, I will know. And the men
turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sodom : but Abra-
ham stood vet before the Lord. And Abraham drew near, and
said. Wilt thou also destroy the righteous with the wicked ? Per-
adventure there be fitly righteous within the city : w^ilt thou also
destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that are
therein ? That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay
the righteous with the wicked ; and that the righteous should be
as the wicked, that be far from thee : Sliall not the Judge of all
the earth do right? And the Lord said, Jf 3 fiub ill Gobom
fiftn rigl)tCOUS U)itl)in tl)C citn, then I will spare all the place for
their sakes.

And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides ? son-
in-law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast
in the city, bring them out of this place : for we will destroy this

place, because ti)c ctQ of tl)cm is ujttxcu great before tlje face

of tl)C l!0X"b ; and the Lord liatli sent us to destroy it.



* That is,
the irr/l of
him that lin-
rtk and seeth
mc.



Gene si;
xviii. 17-



'i6.



Genesis,
xix. 12, 13.



116



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE.



Genesis,
xxi. 9-19.



Gcuesis,
xxxi. 25-53.



And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she
had borne unto Abraham, mocking. Wherefore she said unto
Abraham, Cast out this bond-woman and her son : for the son
of this bond-woman shall not be heir with mv son, even with
Isaac. And the thinij was very ffrievous in Abraham's sio-ht

Owe!) O

because of his son. And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be
grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bond-
woman ; in all that Sarah hath said vmto thee, heai-ken unto her
voice : for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. And also of the son
of the bond-woman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.

And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread,
and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar (putting it on her
shoulder) and the child, and sent her away : and she departed, and
wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. And the water was
spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.
And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way
oft', as it were a bow-shot : for she said. Let me not see the death
of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice,
and wept. QVnb ©ob l)carb tl)c uoicc of tl)C lab ; and the
angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her,
What aileth thee, Hagar? Fear not; for God hath heard the
voice of the lad where he is. Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him
in thine hand : for I will make him a great nation. And God
opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water, and she went and
filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.

Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent
in the mount : and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount
of Gilead. And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that
thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and carried away my daugh-
ters, as captives taken with the sword ? Wherefore didst thou fiee
away secretly, and steal away from me, and didst not tell me, that
I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tab-
ret, and with harp ? and hast not suff'ered me to kiss my sons, and
my daughters ? thou hast now done foolishly in so doing. It is in
the power of my hand to do you hurt : but tl)C (2>ob of TJOUl" frt-
tl)Cr spake unto mc t}CStcrnigl)t, saying. Take thou heed that
thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad. And now, though
thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy

father's house ; yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods ?

And he searched, but found not the images.

And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban : and Jacob
answered and said to Laban, What is my trespass ? what is my
sin, tliat thou h.'ust so hotly pursued after me ? Whereas thou
hast searched all my stuft', what hast thou found of all thy house-
hold-stutf? set it liere before my brethren and thy brethren, that
they may judge betwixt us both. This twenty years have I been
with thee ; thy ewes and thy she-goats have not cast their young.



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE,



117



and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. That which was
torn of beasts I brought not unto thee ; I bare the loss of it ;
of my hand didst thou require it, Avhether stolen by day or stolen
by night. Thus I was ; in the day the drought consumed me,
and the frost by night ; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.
Thus have I been twenty years in thy house : I served thee four-
teen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle :
and thou hast changed my wages ten times. Except the God
of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been
with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. (J5ob t)tltl)
seen mine nfifliction, and the labour of my hands, and rebuked
thee yesternight.

And Laban answered, and said unto Jacob, These daughters
are my daughters, and these children are* my children, and these
cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine ; and what
can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children
which they have borne ? Now therefore come thou, let us make
a covenant, I and thou ; and let it be for a witness between me
and thee. And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar.
And Jacob said unto his brethren. Gather stones ; and they took
stones, and made an heap : and they did eat there upon the heap.
And Laban called it' Jegar-saha-dutha : but Jacob called it" Ga-
leed ; and Laban said. This heap is a witness between me and
thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed : and
Mizpali ; for he said, (Jlje £orb toatcl) between me aiib tl)ee,
when we are absent one from another. If thou shalt afflict my
daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters ;
no man is with us ; see, (J3ob is toitness betwixt me and thee.
And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold this pillar,
which I have cast betwixt me and thee ; this heap be witness, and
this pillar be witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee,
and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me,
for harm. The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God
of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of
his father Isaac.

And Er, Judah's first-born, was toicliCli in tl)e sigl^t of tI)C
Corb ; and the Lord slew him.

And it came to pass, in process of time, that the king of Egypt
died : and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and
they cried, and their cry came up unto God, by reason of the bondage.
And ©ob l)eatb tl]eir groaning, and God remembered his cove-
nant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. And God looked
upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.

And the Lord said, jj l)ntic sureln seen tl)e affliction of mp

:people which are in Egypt, and liave heard their cry by reason of
their taskmasters ; for j knoU) tijeir SOrrOlBS : and I am come
down to deliv^er them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring



1 That is,
The heap of
witnesuJChaX,

2 That is,
The heap of
iDitness.liah.



C'cnesi;?,
x.\x\'iii. 7.



Exodus,
ii. 23-25.



Exodu.s,
iii. 7-10.



118



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE.



Exodus,
xvi. 1-15.



them up out of that land, unto a good land and a large, unto a land
flowing with milk and honey ; unto the place of the Canaanites,
and the Ilittites, and the Amorites, and tlie Peiizzites, and the Iliv-
ites, and the Jebusites. Now therefore, behold, the crv of the chil-
dren of Israel is come unto me ; and I have also seen the oppres-
sion wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Come now therefore,
and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth
my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt.

And they took their journey from Elim, and all tlie congrega-
tion of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin,
which is between Elim and Sinai, on the tifteenth day of the second
month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. And the whole
congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and
Aaron in the wilderness : and the children of Israel said unto them.
Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of
Egypt, when we sat by tlie flesh-pots, and when we did eat bread
to the full : for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill
this whole assembly with hunger.

Then said the Lord unto Moses, Beliold, I will rain bread from
heaven for you ; and the people shall go out and gather a certain
rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in
my law, or no. And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day
they shall prepare that which they bring in ; and it shall be twice
as much as they gather daily. And Moses and Aaron said unto
all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the Lord
hath brought you out from the land of Egypt : and in the morning,
then ye shall see the glory of the Lord : for tl)nt \)C l)carctl) TlOUr
murmurings against tlje ilov^ : and what are we, that ye murmur
against us ? And Moses said, This shall be when the Lord shall
give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in tlie morning bread to
the full ; for that the Lord heareth your murmurings which ye
murmur against him : and what are we ? your murmurings are not
against us, but against the Lord.

And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congrega-
tion of the children of Israel, Come near before the Lord: for []C
\)al\] Ijcavb nour murmurings. And it came to pass, as Aaron
spake unto the whole coULrrcy-ation of the children of Israel, that

111 o o '

tiiey looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the
Lord appeared in a cloud. And the Lord spake unto Moses, say-
ing, I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel ; spt'ak
unto thorn, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning
ye shall be filled with bread : and ye shall know that I am the Lord
your God.

And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and cov-
ered the camp : and in the morning the dew lay round about the
host. And when the dew that lay was gone up, beliold, upon the
face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE.



119



hoar frost on tlie ground : and when the children of Israel saw it,
they said one to another, It is manna : for tliey wist not what it
was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord
liath given you to eat.

And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people
on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. And the

Lord said unto Mos.-s, ^ov3 long refuse Bc to keep mn rom-

manbmcntS axib mx) latOS ? See'^ for that the Lord hath given you
the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of
two days : abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of
his jjlace on the seventh day.

Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. If thou af-
flict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, jj mill surclg
I)Car tl]cir cm; and my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you
with the sword ; and your wives shall be widows, and your children
fatherless.

And when the people complained, it Msplctiscb tljc £orb,
anb tljC Corb Ijearb it : and his anger was kindled ; and the fire
of the Lord burnt among them, and consumed them that were in
the uttermost parts of the camp. And the people cried unto
Moses ; and roljcu iHoscs pruncb unto tl)C £orb, tl]e fire xoas
qnencl)eb.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with
thy fathei-s, and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the
.gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among
them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made
with them. Then my anger shall be kindled against them in that
day, and I will forsake them, and I will hide my face from them, and
they shall be devoured, and many edls and troubles shall befall
them, so that they will say in that day. Are not these enls come
upon us, because our God is not among us ? And I will surely hide
my face in that day for all the enls which they shall have wrought,
in that they are turned unto other gods. Now therefore write ye
this sono- for you, and teach it the children of Israel : put it in their
mouths, that this song may be a witness for me against the children
of Israel. For when I shall have brought them into the land which
I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey ; and
they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat ; then
will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and
break my covenant. And it shall come to pass, when many evils and
troubles are befallen them, that this song shall testify against them
as a witness : for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their

seed : for 3 knovo tl)cir imagination roliici] tlicn go about, eoen

XlOViy before I have brought them into the land which I sware.

But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed
thing : for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of



Exodus,
xvi. i.n-ii9.



Exodus,
xxii. '23-24.



Numbers,
xi. 1. '2.



Deuteron.
xxxi. 1&-21.



.loshua,
vii. 1, 6-18.



120



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE.



1 Sam. li. 3.



1 Samuel,
xiv. '.J3-W,



Zerali, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing, axib tl)C
anger of tl)C Corb tons kinblcb against the children of Israel.

And Joshua rent his clothes and fell to the

earth upon his face before the ark of the Lord until the even-tide,
he and the elders of Israel, and put dust upon their heads. And
Joshua said, Alas ! O Lord God, wherefore hast thou at all brought
this people over Jordan, to deliver us into the hand of the Amor-
ites, to destroy us ? would to God we had been content, and dwelt
on the other side Jordan ! Lord, what shall I say, when Is-
rael turnetli their backs before their enemies ! For the Canaanites,
and all the inhabitants of the land shall hear of it, and shall ennron
us round, and cut oti" our name from the earth : and what wilt thou
do unto thy great name ?

And the Lord said unto Joshua, Get thee up ; wherefore liest
thou thus upon thy face ? Israel hath sinned, and they have also trans-
gressed my covenant which I commanded them : for tijcg l)iUiC

even taken of tl)c accurseb tl)ing, aub \)iwc also stolen, anb
bisscmblcb also, anb tl^eji Ijaoc put it even among tl)civ oran

stuff. Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their
enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they
were accursed : neither will I be with you any more, except ye de-
stroy the accursed from among you. Up, sanctify the people, and
say. Sanctify yourselves against to-morrow : for thus saith the Lord
God of Israel, There is an accursed thing in the midst of thee, O
Israel : thou canst not stand before thine enemies, until ye take
away the accursed thing from among you. In the morning there-
fore ye shall be brought according to your tribes : and it shall be,
that the tribe which the Lord taketh shall come according to the
families thereof; and the family which the Lord shall take shall
come by households ; and the household which the Lord shall take
shall come man by man. And it shall be, that he that is taken
with the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, lie and all that he
hath : because he hath transgressed the covenant of the Lord, and
because he hath wrought folly in Israel.

So Joshua rose up early in the morning, and brought Israel by
their tribes ; and tl)C tribe of Jubal) was taken : and he brought
the family of Judah : and he took ll)C familT) of tI)C ^arl}itCS :
and he brought the family of the Zarhites man by man ; and ^abbi
was taken : and he brought his household man by man ; an<l
"iAclian the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of
the tribe of Judah, was taken.

Talk no more so exceeding proudly ; let not arrogancy come
out of your mouth : for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by
him actions are weighed.

So the Lord saved Israel that day ; and the battle passed over
unto I'eth-aven.

And the men of Israel were distressed that dav : for Saul had



GOD'S OMNISCIElSrCE,



121



adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any
food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So
none of the people tasted any food. And all they of the land came
to a wood ; and there was honey upon the ground. And when
the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped :
but no man put his hand to his mouth ; for the people feared the
oath. But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people
with the oath: wherefore |)c put forti) tl)C £\\b of tljc rob tijat

ujas in Ijis l)onii, onb 'bippc'b it in an l)onc2-comb, anb put l)is

Ijrtnb to l)is tnouti) ; ;md Iiis eyes were enlightened. Then an-
swered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the
people with an oath, saying. Cursed be the man that eateth any

food this day

And Saul said. Let us go down after the Philistines by night,
and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man
of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee.
Then said the priest. Let us draw near hither unto God. And Saul
asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines ? wilt
thou deliver them into the hand of Israel ? But |)C rtnsiDCrcb l}itn
not that day. And Saul said. Draw ye near hither all the chief
of the people : and know and see wherein this sin hath been this
day. For as the Lord liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in
Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man
among all the people that answered him. Then said he unto all
Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the
other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good
unto thee. Therefore Saul said unto the Lord God of Israel, Give
a perfect lot. And Saul flUb Souatl^aU were taken : but the
people escaped. And Saul said. Cast lots between me and Jonathan
my son. And Sonutljun was taken. Then Saul said to Jonathan,
Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said,
I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in
mine hand, and lo, I must die. And Saul answered, God do so, and
more also : for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.

And it came to pass when they were come, that he looked on
Eliab, and said. Surely the Lord's anointed is before him. But the
Lord said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the
heififht of his stature : because I have refused him : for the LORD
seeth not as man seeth ; for man looketh on the outward appear-
ance, but the Lord looketh on the heart.

And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against
him ; and he said to Abiathar the priest. Bring hither the ephod.
Then said David, O Lord God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly
heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for
my sake. Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand ?
will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard ? Lord God of
Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the Lord said, i^c toill



1 Samuel,
xvi. li, 7.



1 Samuel,
xxiii. 'J-i!!.



122



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE.



2 Samuel,
vii. 18-21.



I Chronicles,
xxviil. 9. •



1 Chrouicles,
xxix. 17.



2 Chronicles,
xvi. 9.



1 Kings,
viii. 22-4a



come boron. Then said David, Will the men of Keilali deliver
me and my men into the hand of Saul ? And the Lord said, (E1)C2

raill bclincr tl)cc up.

Then David and his men, which were about six hundred, arose
and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go.
And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah ; and he
forbare to go foilh.

Then went king David in, and sat before the Lord, and he
said, Who am I, Lord God ? and what is my house, that thou
hast brought me hitherto? And this was yet a small thing in thy

sight, O Lord God; but tilou hast s^jolicu iilso of tl)ij scrnniu's

1)0USC for a great roijile to come. And is this the manner of
man, O Lord God ? And what can David say more unto thee ? for
thou, Lord God, knowest thy servant. For thy word's sake, and
according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things,
to make thy servant know them.

And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father,
and serve him with a perfect heart, and witli a willing mind : for
the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imagina-
tions of the thoughts : if thou seek him, he will be found of thee ;
but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off forever.

I know also, my God, that thou tricst tl)C l]Cart, aitb IjilSt
pleasure in upngl)tncss. As for me, in the uprightness of mine
heiut 1 have Avillingly offered all these things : and now have I seen
with joy thy people, which are present liere, to offer willingly unto
thee.

The eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole
earth, to shew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is
perfect toward him.

And Solomon stood before the altar of the Lord in the pres-
ence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands
toward lieaven : and he said. Lord God of Israel, there is no God
like thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, who kee[>est cove-
nant and mercy with thy servants that walk before thee with all their
heart : who hast kept with thy servant David my father that thou
promisedst liim : tliou spakest also with thy mouth, and hast ful-
! tilled it with thine hand, as it is this day. Therefore now, Lord
I God of Israel, keep with thy servant David my father that thou
promisedst him, saying. There shall not fail thee a man in my sight
to sit on tlie throne of Israel ; so that thy children take heed to
j their way, that they walk before me as thou hast walked before me.
I And now, () God of Israel, let thv word, I pray thee, be verified, whieh
' thou sp.'ikest unto thy servant David my father. But will God in-
jdeed dwell on the earth? behold the heaven and heaven of heavens
cannot contain thee; how much less this house that I liave builded?
Yet liave thou respect unto the prayer of tliy servant, and to



GOD'S OMNISCIENCE. -



123



his supplication, Lord my God, to hearken unto the cry and to
the prayer, which thy servant prayeth before thee to-day : tl)at

tl)ine cr)CB mari be open toroarb tl)is l}onsc nigl)t anb bajj,

even toward tlie place of which tlmu hast said, My name shall
be there : that thou iiiayest hearken unto the prayer which thy
servant shall make toward this place. And hearken thou to the
supplication of thy servant, and of thy ])eople Israel, when they
shall jiray toward this place: and |)car tljOU in Ijcaoeil tl)n bujell-
ing-pltxce : nnd when thou hearest, forgive.

If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid
upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine
altar in this house : then hear thou in heaven, and do, and judge
thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his
head ; and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his
righteousness.

When thy j^eople Israel be smitten down before the enemy,
because they have sinned against thee, and shall turn again to
thee, and confess thy name, and pray, and make supplication unto
thee in this house : then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin
of thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which
thou gavest unto their fathers.

When heaven is shut up and there is no rain, because they
have sinned against thee ; if they pray toward this place, and con-
fess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou afflictest them :
> then hear thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and
of thy people Israel, that thou teach them the good way wherein
they should walk, and give rain upon thy land, which thou hast
given to thy people for an inheiitance.

If there be in the land ftimine, if there be pestilence, blasting,
mildew, locust, or if there be caterpillar; if their enemy besiege
them in the land of their cities, whatsoever plague, whatsoever sick-
ness there be ; what prayer and supplication soever be made by any
man, or by all thy people Israel, wliich shall know every man the
plague of his own lieart, and spread forth his hands toward this
house : then hear thou in heaven thy dwelling-place, and forgive,
and do, and give to every man according to his ways, toljosc l)cart
ti)On liltOlDCSt ; (for thou, even thou only, knowest the hearts of



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