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even because tijen bespiscb mn jubgments, anb because tlieir
soul abl)orreb mn statutes.

Qlnb tDl)en t!)e people complaineb, it bispleaseb tlje Corb ;

and the Lord heard it : and his anger was kindled ; and the tire of
the Lord burnt among them, and consumed them that were in the
uttermost parts of the camp. And the people cried unto Moses ;
and when Moses prayed unto the Lord, the fire was quenched. And
he called the name of the place Taberah : because the fire of the
Lord burnt among them.

And the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting:
and the children of Israel also wept again, and said. Who shall give
us flesh to eat? We remember the fish which we did eat in Egypt
freely ; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the
onions, and the garlick. But now our soul is dried away ; there is
nothing at all, besides this manna, before our eyes. And the manna
was as coriander-seed, and the colour thereof as the colour of bdel-
lium. And the people went about, and gathered it, and ground it
in mills, or beat it in a mortar, and baked it in pans, and made
cakes of it : and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil. And
when the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell
upon it.

Then Moses heard the people weep throughout their families,
every man in the door of his tent: nub tl)e anger of tl)e Corb

tuas kinbleb grcatlg And the Lord said unto

Moses, Say thou unto the people, sanctify

yourselves against to-morrow, and ye shall eat flesh : for ye have
wept in the ears of the Lord, saying. Who shall give us flesh to
eat ? for it was well with us in Egypt : therefore the Lord will give
you flesh, and ye shall eat. Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days,
nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days; but even a whole
month, until it come out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto

you : because tl)at ge l)aoc bespiseb tl)c Corb u)l)icl| is among
nou, and have wept before him, saying. Why came we forth out of

i^gypt?

And there went forth a wind from the Lord, and brought quails
from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, as it were a day's jour-
ney on this side, and as it were a day's journey on the other side,
round about the camp, and as it were two cubits high upon the
face of the earth. And the people stood up all that day, and all
that night, and all the next day, and they gathered the quails : he
that gathered least gathered ten homers : and they spread them all



LeviticiB,
xxvi. 14-lB.



Leviticus,
xxvi. 43.



Numbers,
xi. 1-10, IC,
18-20, 31-31.



536



THE NATUKE OF SIN.



1 That is,
The groves
of lust.

Numbers,
xiv. 41-43.



Numbers,

XV. 22-26,30,

31.



Numbers,
XX. 12.



Numbers,
XX. 23, 24.



Numbers
xxxii. 10-12.



abroad for themselves round about the camp. And while the flesh
was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of the
Lord was kindled against the people, and the Lord smote the peo-
ple with a very great plague. And he called the name of that
place Kibroth-hattaavah :' because there they buried the people that
lusted.

And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the com-
mandment of the Lord ? but it shall not prosper. Go not up, for
the Lord is not among you ; that ye be not smitten before your en-
emies. For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before
you, and ye shall fall by the sword : because ^C are turiieb nujaj]
from t\]C Cor5, therefore the Lord will not be with you.

If ye have erred, and not obseroeb all tl)ese command-
ments, which the Lord hath spoken unto Moses, even all that the
Lord hath commanded you by the hand of Moses, from the day
that the Lord commanded Moses, and henceforward among your

generations; then it shall be, if augl)t be committcb b|] "igno-
rance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the con-
gregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt-oflering, for a sweet
savour unto the Lord, with his meat-offering, and his drink-ofiering,
according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin-offer-
ing. And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congrega-
tion of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them ; for it
is ignorance : and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made
by fire unto the Lord, and their sin-offering before the Lord, for
their ignorance : and it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the
children of Israel, and the stranger that sojourneth among them ;

seeing all tl)e people toere in ignorance But

the soul that doeth aught presumptUOnslg, whether he be born
in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the Lord ; and that
soul shall be cutoff from among his people. Because he hath bc-
Spiseb tlje tOOrb of tl)e £ori>, and hath broken his command-
ment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon
him.

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because 2^ be-
lieoeb me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel,
therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I
have given them.

And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by
the coast of the land of Edora, saying, Aaron shall be gathered
unto his people : for he shall not enter into the land which I have

given unto the children of Israel, because gc rebelled against
mn toorb at the water of Meribah.

And the Lord's anger was kindled the same time, and he sware,
saying. Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from
twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto



THE NATURE OF SIN.



537



Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; bccausc tl)C2 l)i4l3C llOt
tDl)0ll2 folloroeb tne : save Caleb the son of Jephunneh tlie Kene-
zite, and Joshua the son of Nun : for they have wholly followed the
Lord.

And it shall be, if tl)Ott bo at all forget tl)c Corb tijti (5o5,

and walk after other gods, and serve them, and worship them, I
testify against you this day that ye shall surely perish. As the na-
tions which the Lord destroyeth before your face, so shall ye perish ;
because ^c toonlb not be obcMent unto the voice of the Lord
your God.

At Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, ye
provoked the Lord to wrath. Likewise when the Lord sent you
from Kadesh-barnea, saying. Go up and possess the land which I

have given you ; then ye rebcllcb agaiust tlie commaubmcitt of
tl)e £orb ponr C5ob, anb m belicocb l]im uot, nor hearkened

to his voice. Ye have been rebellious against the Lord from the
day that I knew you.

Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse : a
blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the Lord your God
which I command you this day; and a curse, if gc toiU llOt obeti

tl)e rommanbmente of tl)c Corb gour C5>ob, but turn aside ouT,

of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods
which ye have not known.

Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked : thou art waxen fat, thou art
grown thick, thou art covered with fatness ; then he forSOOk God
which made him, and ligljtln CStCCtttcb the Rock of his salvation.
They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abomina-
tions provoked they him to anger. They sacrificed unto devils, not
to God ; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came
newly up, whom your fathers feared not. ©f tljC llock tl)at bcgat

tl)ee tl)Ott art nnminbful, anb Ijast forgotten (5ob tijat formeb
tljee.

And when the Lord saw it, he abhorred them, because of the
provoking of his sons, and of his daughters. And he said, I will
hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be : for they
are a very froward generation, cljilbren in tX)l)Om is no faitl).
They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God ; they
have provoked me to anger with their vanities ; and I will move
them to jealousy with those which are not a people ; I will provoke
them to anger with a foolish nation Foi- thev are

a nation tjoib of Counsel, neither is there any unberstanbiug

in them. O that they were wise, that they understood this, that
they would consider their latter end.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying. Get thee up into this
mountain Abarim, unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of
Moab, that is over against Jericho ; and behold the land of Canaan,



Deuteron.
■viii. 19, 20.



Deuteron.
ix. 22-24.



Deuteron.
xi. 2<>-2a



Deuteron.

xxxii. 15-21,

28,29.



Deuteron.
xxxii. 48-51.



538



THE NATURE OF SIN.



which I give unto the children of Israel for a possession ; and die
in the mount whither thou goest up, and be gathered unto thy
people ; as Aaron thy brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered
unto his people ; because ye trespassed against me among the
children of Israel at the waters of Meribah-Kadesh, in the wilderness
ofZin; bccausc t}C saitCtifieb me not in the midst of the chil-
dren of Israel.



Joshua, V. 6.



1 Sam. li. 12.



1 Samuel,
XV. 1-2G.



The children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till
all the people that were men of war which came out of Egypt were

consumed, becausc tl)cti obcncb not tl)c tjoicc of tl)c £orb :

unto whom the Lord sware that he would not shew them the land
which the Lord sware unto their fathers that he would give us, a
land that floweth with milk and honey.

Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial ; they knctD not tl)C
£orb.

Samuel said unto Saul, The Lord sent me to anoint thee to
be king over his people, over Israel : now therefore hearken thou
unto the voice of the words of the Lord. Thus saith the Lord of
hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid
wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. Now
go and smite Amalek, axib nttcrlg bcstrog all tljat i\]cn l)ai3e,
and spare them not ; but slay both man and woman, infant and
suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. And Saul gathered the
people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thou-
sand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah. And Saul came to
a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.

And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down
from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them : for ye
shewed kindness to all the children of Israel when they came up
out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalek-
ites. And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou
comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. And he took Agag
the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the peo-
ple with the edge of the sword. BlU Srtul a\\b tl)C pCOplc Sptircb

Qlgag, onb tl)c best of tl}e sljccp, anh of tl)C oxen, anb of tl)C
fallings, anh tl)e lambs, anb all tljat luas goob, and would not

utterly destroy them ; but everything that was vile and refuse,
that they destroyed utterly.

Then came the word of the Lord unto Samuel, saying, It re-
pontetli me that I have sot up Saul to be king : for lie is turncb

back from folloroinig me, anh Ijatl) not jaerformeb mn com-
' manbmentS. And it grieved Samuel ; and he cried unto the
Loni all night. And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the
morning, it was t<jld Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and be-
hold, he set him up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and
gone down to Gilgal. And Samuel came to Saul : and Saul said
unto him, Blessed be thou of the Lord : I have jjerformed the



THE NATURE OF SIN.



539



commandment of the Lord. And Samuel said, What meaneth
then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of
the oxen which I hear ? And Saul said. They have brought them
from the Amalekites ; for the people spared the best of the sheep
and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God ; and the rest
we have utterly destroyed.

Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the
Lord hath said to me this night. And he said unto him. Say on. And
Samuel said, When thou was little in thine own sight, wast thou not
made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the Lord anointed thee king
over Israel ? And the Lord sent thee on a journey, and said, Go, and
utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until
they be consumed. Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice
of the Lord, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight
of the Lord ? And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the
voice of the Lord, and have gone the way which the Lord sent me,
and have biought Agag the king of Araalek, and have utterly de-
stroyed the Amalekites. But the people took of the spoil, sheep
and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly
destroyed, to sacrifice unto the Lord thy God in Gilgal. And
Samuel said, Hath the Lord as great delight in burnt-ofterings and
sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the Lord ? Behold, to obey is
better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. For re-
bellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity

and idolatry. Because tl)ou l)tist rejected tlje itiorb of tl)c i!orb,

he hath also rejected thee from being king.

And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned : for 3 \)(IVC

transgrcsseb tl)e commanbment of tlic Corb, and thy words :

because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice. Now there-
fore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I
may worship the Lord. And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not re-
turn with thee : for thou hast rejected tl)e tDOrb of tl)C £or5, and
the Lord bath rejected thee from being king over Israel.



Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and
buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put
away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the
land. And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came
and pitched in Shunem : and Saul gathered all Israel together, and
they pitched in Gilboa. And when Saul saw the host of the Phil-
istines, he wa.s afraid, and his heart greatly trembled. And when
Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord answered him not, neither by
dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.

Then said Saul unto his servants. Seek me a woman that hath
a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and inquire of her. And
his servant said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a fa-
miliar spirit at En-dor. And Saul disguised himself, and put on
other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came



1 Samuel,
xxviii. 3-i.'0.



540



THE NATURE OF SIN.



1 Chronicles,
X. 13, 14.



2 Samuel,
xi. 14-18, 'i6,
27, xli. 7-14.



to the woman by night : and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me
by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name
unto thee. And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest
what Saul hath done, how he hath cut oflf those that have familiar
spirits, and the wizards, out of the land ; wherefore then layest
thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die ? And Saul sware to
her by the Lord, saying, As the Lord liveth, there shall no punish-
ment happen to thee for this thing. Then said the woman. Whom
shall I bring up unto thee ? And he said. Bring me up Samuel.

And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice :
and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived
me? for thou art Saul. And the king said unto her. Be not
afraid : for what sawest thou ? And the woman said unto Saul, I
saw gods ascending out of the earth. And he said unto her.
What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up : and
he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was
Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed
himself.

And Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to
bring me up ? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed ; for the
Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me,
and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams :
therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me
what I shall do. Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask
of me, seeing the Lord is departed from thee, and is become thine
enemy ? And the Lord hath done to him, as he spake by me :
for the Lord hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given
it to thy neighbour, even to David : bcciltlSC tl)OU obcttcbst llOt

tl)e Doicc of tl)c £orb, nor ^xecutcbst l)is fierce mati) upon

!!^tnalck, therefore hath the Lord done this thing unto thee this
day. Moreover, the Lord will also deliver Israel with thee into the
hand of the Philistines : and to-morrow shalt thou and thy sons
be with me : the Lord also shall deliver the host of Israel into
the hand of the Philistines. Then Saul fell straightway all along
on the earth, and was sore afraid.

So Saul died for his transgression which he committed against
the Lord, cuen against t\)C roorb of tl)e toxh, toljic^ l)e kept

not, and also for asking counsel of one that had a familiar spirit,
to inquire of it ; and inqnircb not of tl]e Corb : therefore he slew
him, and turned the kingdom unto David, th« son of Jesse.

David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of
Uriah. And he wrote in the letter, saying. Set ye Uriah in the
forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may

be smitten, and die And when the wife of Uriah

heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her hus-
band. And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched
her to his house, and she became bis wife, and bare him a son. But



THE NATURE OF SIN,



541



the thing that David had done displeased the Lord

And the Lord sent Nathan to David And Natlian

said to Da\nd, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee
king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul ; and
I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy
bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah ; and if that
had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and
such things. Wherefore hast thou bcsplscb tl)C COmmanbmctU
0f tlie CorJi, to do evil in his sight ? thou hast killed Uriah the
Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and
hast slain him with the sword of the children of Amnion. Now
therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house ; bcCilUSC
tIlOU \)Cl5t bcspiscb me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the
Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will raise
up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy
wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he
shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. For thou didst
it secretly : but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
And David said unto Nathan, J[ [)a\3C siuucb against t\)t
iLorb. And Nathan said unto David, The Lord also hath put
away thy sin ; thou shalt not die. Howbeit, bccaUSC btl tljis

hcch tl)on l)ast giren great occaeion to tl)e enemies of tl)e

Corb to blaspljeme, the child also that is born unto thee shall
surely die.



[I acknowledge my transgressions : and ray sin is ever before

me. Against tljee, tl}ee onln, Ijaue 3 sinneb, and done this

evil in thy sight : that thou raightest be justified when thou speak-
est, and be clear when thou judgest.]

If ye shall at all turn from follotoing me, ye or your chil-
dren, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which
I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship
them : then will I cut oft' Israel out of the land which I have given
them ; and this house which I have hallowed for my name, will I
cast out of my sight ; and Israel shall be a proverb and a by-word
among all people : and at this house, which is high, every one that
passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss ; and they shall
say. Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and to this
house ? And they shall answer, Becausc ll)en forsooli tl)e £orb
tl)eir ©ob, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of
Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped
them, and served them : therefore hath the Lord brought upon them
all this evil.

And Solomon did evil in the sight of the Lord, and went not
fully after the Lord, as did David his father. Then did Solomon
build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the
hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of



P3. li. 3, 4.



1 Kings,
Lx. 6-9.



1 Kings,
xi. &-1-'.



542



THE NATUEE OF SIN".



1 Kings,
xiii. 7-:iG.



the children of Ammon. And likewise did he for all his strange
wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.

And the Lord was angry with Solomon, bcCtlUSC l)is [)eaxt

xoaB turneb from tlic Corb (Sob of Jsrael, which had appeared

unto him twice, and had commanded him concerning this thing,
that he should not go after other gods : but he kept not that which
the Lord commanded. Wherefore the Loi'd said unto Solomon,
Forasmuch as this is done of thee, attb tl]OU Ijast not \\C\ii mn

coocnant a\\b mn statutes tuljid) 3 l)ut)c commanbcb tl)ec, I

will sai'cly rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy ser-
vant. Notwithstanding, in thy days I will not do it for David
thy father's sake : but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.

And the king said unto the man of God, Come home with
me, and refresh thyself, and I will give thee a reward. And the
man of God said unto the king, If thou wilt give me half thine
house, I will not go in with thee, neither will I eat bread nor drink
water in this place : for so was it charged me by the word of the

Lord, saying, QJat ito brcab, ttor brink roatcr, nor turn again
bn tl)e same roan tl)at tl)on tamest.

So he went another way, and returned not by the way that he
came to Beth-el.

Now there dwelt an old prophet in Beth-el ; and his sons came
and told him all the works that the man of God had done that
day in Beth-el : the words which he had spoken unto the king,
them they told also to their father. And their father said unto
them, What way went he ? for his sons had seen what way the
man of God went which came from Judah. And he said unto his
sons. Saddle me the ass. So they saddled him the ass : and he
rode thereon, and went after the man of God, and found him sitting
under an oak : and he said unto him, Art thou the man of God that
earnest from Judah ? And he said, T am. Then he said unto him.
Come home with me, and eat bread. And he said, I may not
return with thee, nor go i!i with thee : neither will I eat bread nor
drink water with thee in this place : for it was said to me by the
word of the Lord, Thou shalt eat no bi-ead nor drink water there,
nor turn again to go by the way that thou camest. He said unto
him, I am a prophet also as thou art ; and an angel spake unto
me by the word of the Lord, saying. Bring him back with thee
into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he
lied unto him. So he went back with him, and did eat bread in
his house and drank water.

And it came to j)ass, as they sat at the table, that the word of
the Lord came unto the prophet that brought him back : and he
cried unto the man of God that came from Judah, saying, Thus
saith the Lord, i^orasmiul) as tl)ou l)ast biGobeneb tl)c mouti)

of tl)C l!orb, and hast not kept the commundmniL which llie
Lord thy God commanded thee, but camest back, onb l)ast caten



THE NATURE OF SIN.



543



bxcab anli brnnk toatcr in tl]c place, of tl)c tol)icI) tl)c LORD
Sib Silt} to tl)cc, (Eat no brcab, anii brink no loatcr ; thy car-
cass shall not come unto the sepulchre of thy fathers.

And it came to pass, after he had eaten bread, and after he
had drunk, that he saddled for him the ass, to wit, for the prophet



whom he had brouo-ht back. And when he was



gone,



a lion met



him by the way, and slew him : and his carcass was cast in the
way, and the ass stood by it, tlie lion also stood by the carcass.
And behold, men passed by, and saw the carcass cast in the way,
and the lion standing by the carcass : and they came and told it in
the city where the old prophet dwelt. And when the prophet
that brought him back from the way heard thereof, he said, It is

the man of God, tDl)o ttias bisobcbicnt unto tl)C tDorb of tl}e

£orb : therefore the Lord hath delivered him unto the lion, which
hath torn him, and slain him, according to the word of the Lord,
which he spake unto him.

And a certain man of the sons of the prophets saib untO
l)iB ncigl)bonr in tl)c toorb of tl)c Corb, Gmitc mc, M pran t\)cc.

And the man refused to smite him. Then said he unto him, |3e-

cause tl)OU l)ast not obeneb tl)c ooicc of tlje £orb, behold, as soon
as thou art departetl from me, a lion shall slay thee. And as
soon as be was departed from him, a lion found him, and slew him.



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