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youth even unto this day, and |)at3C not obcneb tl)e DOicc of tl)C

£orb our ©ob.

My people is foolish, tl)C2 l}at)e ItOt kuotDlt me ; they are sot-
tish children, and they have none understanding : they are wise to
do evil, but to do good they have no kuoujlcbgc.

It shall come to pass, when ye shall say, Wherefore doeth the
Lord our God all these things unto us ? then shalt thou answer them.
Like as ye have forsaken nte, and served strange gods in your
land, so shall ye serve strangers in a land that is not yours. . . .

. . . Hear now this, © foolisl) people, a\\b u)itl)oiU unbcr-

Stanbing ; which have eyes, and see not ; which have ears, and hear
not : i^car ne not me ? saiti} tijc £orb : will ye not tremble at my
presence, which have placed the sand for the bound of the sea by
a perpetual decree, that it cannot pass it : and though the waves
thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail ; though they roar,
yet can they not pass over it? But this people hath a revolting
and a rebellious heart ; tljcn arc rcnoltcb aub Qonc. ^Ccitljcr
saj] tljen in tl)cir Ijeart, £et us nou) fear tljc torb our (Sob,

that giveth rain, both the former and the latter, in his season : he
reserveth unto us the appointed weeks of the harvest.

To whom shall I speak, and give warning, that they may hear ?
Behold, their ear is uncircumcised, and they cannot hearken : be-
hold, the word of the Lord is unto them a reproach ; they have no

delight in it Thus saith the Lord, Stand ye in

the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way,
and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they
said, We will not walk therein. Also I set watchmen over you,
saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said,
we will not hearken.

Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, congregation, what
is among them. Hear, O earth : Behold, I will bring evil upon
this people, even the fruit of their thoughts, bccausc tllCll 1)(IVC

not Ijcarkeneb unto mr» ujorbs, nor to mn Uxxo, but rcje^tcb it.

T hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright : no man
repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done ? every
one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle. Yea,



THE NATURE OF SIN".



553



the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times ; and the
turtle, and the crane, and the swallow, observe the time of their

coming; but mx) pcopk knou) uot tl)c jubgmcnt of tl)c Corb.

How do ye say. We are wise, and the law of the Lord is with
us ? Lo, certainly in vain made he it ; the pen of the scribes is in
vain. The wise men are ashamed, they are dismayed and taken :

lo, tl)cti \)iwc rcjcctcb tlje toorb of t^c Corb ; anb roljiU rais-
bom is in tl)cm?

Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging-place of way-faring
men ; that I might leave my people, and go from them ! for they be
all adulterers, and an assembly of treacherous men. And they bend
their tongues like their bow for lies : but they are not valiant for
the truth upon the earth ; for they proceed from evil to evil, and
they kuou) not inc, saith the Lord.

And the Lord saith, Bccausc tl)en \)avc forsakcn mn lam
tDl)icl) 3 set before tl)cm, anb l)aiie not obejieb mn yoicernci-

tl)er Ujnlkcb tl)Crein; but have walked after the imagination of
their own heart, and after Baalim, which their fathers taught them :
therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; Behold,
I will feed them, even this peojjle, with wormwood, and give them
water of gall to drink.

The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying, Hear
ye the words of this covenant, and speak unto the men of Judah,
and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem ; and say thou unto them,
Thus saith the Lord God of Israel; Qtnrscb be tl)C matt tl)nt

obesetl) not tlje toorbs of tl)is coocnant, which I commanded

your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land
of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, Obey my voice, and do
them, according to all which I command you : so shall ye be my
people, and I will be your God : that I may perform the oath which
I have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a land flowing with

milk and honey, as it is this day

For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day that I
brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even unto this day,
rising early and protesting, saying, ®be2 mn UOice. Det tl)CJ3

obcgeb not, nor indincb tl)eir ear, but walked every one in the

imagination of their evil heart : therefore I will bring upon them
all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do ;
but they did them not.

Thus saith the Lord against all mine evil neighbours, that touch
the inheritance which I have caused my people Israel to inherit ;
Behold, I will pluck them out of their land, and pluck out the
house of Judah from among them. And it shall come to pass, after
that I have plucked them out I will return, and have compassion
on them, and will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and
every man to his land. And it shall come to pass, if they will dili-



Jer. ix. 2, 3.



Joreipiali,
ix. 13-15.



Jer. xi. 1-8.



Jeremiah,
xii. 14-17.



554



THE NATURE OF SIN.



gently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, The
Lord liveth ; as they taught mj' people to swear by Baal ; then shall
they be built in the midst of my people. But if tl)Cn tDllI ItOt
obcn, I will utterly pluck up and destroy that nation, saith the
Lord.



Jeremiah,
xiii. 7-10.



Jer. XV. C, 7.



Jeremiah,
xvi. 10-13.



Jer. xvii. 5, 6.



Jer. xvii. 13,



Jeremiah,
xviii. 13-16.



I went to Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle from the
place where I had hid it : and behold, the girdle was marred, it was
profitable for nothing.

Then the word of the Lord came unto me, saying. Thus saith
the Lord, After this manner will I mar the pride of Judah, and
the great pride of Jerusalem. This evil people, toljid) rcfusc tO
l)Cav tng UJOrbs, which walk in the imagination of their heart,
and walk after other gods, to serve them, and to worship them, shall
even be as this girdle, which is good for nothing.

(?CI)OU Ijast forsaken mc, saith the Lord, thou art gone
backward : therefore will I stretch out my hand against thee, and
destroy thee ; I am weary with repenting. And I will fan them
with a fan in the gates of the land ; I will bereave them of chil-
dren, I will destroy my people, since they return not from their
ways.

And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt shew this people
all these words, and they shall say unto thee, Wherefore hath the
Lord pronounced all this great evil against us ? or what is our ini-
quity ? or what is our sin that we have committed against the Lord
our God ? then shalt thou say unto them. Because your fathers have
forsilkcu mc, saith the Lord, and have walked after other gods,
and have served them, and have worshipped them, nnb \)CIVC for-
saken mc, anb [)avc not kept mn \am; and ye have done worse
than your fathers ; for, behold, ye walk every one after the imagin-
ation of his evil heart, that they may not hearken unto me : there-
fore will I cast you out of this land into a land that ye know not,
neither ye nor your fathers ; and there shall ye serve other gods
day and night ; where I will not shew you favour.

Thus saith the Lord ; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man,
and maketh flesh his arm, and tDl)OSe l)cart bcpartctl) from tl)C
Corb. For he shall be like the heath in the desert, aad shall not
see when good cometh ; but shall inhabit the parched places in the
wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.

O Lord, the hope of Israel, all tl)at forsakc tl)CC sl)aU be
rtsljamcb, and they that depart from me shall be written in the

• artli. bccansc tl)en Ijaoe forsaken l\)c iiorb, tl)c fountain of
liuing roatcrs.

Thus saith the Lord ; Ask ye now among the heathen, who
hath heard such things : the virgin of Israel hath done a very hor-
rible thing. Will a man leave the snow of Lebanon which cometh
from the rock of the field ? or shall the cold flowinsf waters that



THE NATUEE OF SIN".



655



come from anotlier place be forsaken ? Because my people hath
forgotten tnc, they have burned incense to vanity, and they have
caused them to stumble in their ways from the ancient paths, to
walk in paths, in a UJilJI not cast U^J ; to make their land desolate,
and a perpetual hissing ; every one that passeth thereby shall be
astonished, and wag his head.

Hear ye the word of the Lord, O kings of Judah, and in-
habitants of Jerusalem ; Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of
Israel ; Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, the which who-
soever heareth, his ears shall tingle. Because they have forstjkcn
mc, and have estranged this place, and have burned incense in it
luito other gods, whom neither they nor their fathers have known,
nor the kings of Judah, and have filled this place with the blood
of innocents ; they have built also the high places of Baal, to burn
their sons with fire for burnt-otferings unto Baal, tDl)icl] JJ COin-

tnanbcb not, nor Bpakc it, ncitl)cr cnmc it into mn m'uib :

therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that this place
shall no more be called Tophet, nor The valley of the son of Hin-
nom, but The valley of Slaughter,

Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; Behold, I
will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that
I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their
necks, tl)at tl)cn migl)t not Ijcar mti toorbs.

This land, which thou didst swear to their fathers to give
them, aland flowing with milk and honey ; they came in and pos-
sessed it; but tl)C2 obcjicii not tijn noicc, ncitl]cr tonlkcb in tl)n
lam ; they have done noUiing of all ll)at tl)OU commnnbcbst tijcm
to bo : therefore thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them.

They have turned unto me the back, and not the face :
though I taught them, rising up early and teaching them, yet
they have not hearkened to receive instruction. But they set their
abominations in the house which is called by my name, to defile it.
And they built the high places of liaal, which are in the valley
of the son of Hinnom, to cause their sons and their daughters to
pass through the fire unto Molech ; tDl)icl) 3 rommaubcb tl)Cm

not, ncitl)cr came it into mji minb, that they should do this

abomination, to caiLse Judah to sin.

This is the word that came unto Jeremiah from the Lord,
after that the king Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the peo-
ple which were at Jerusalem, to proclaim libert}" unto them ; that
every man should let his man-servant, and every man his maid-
servant, being an Hebrew or an Hebrewess, go free ; that none
should serve himself of them, to wit, of a Jew his brother. Now
when all the princes, and all the people which had entered into the
covenant, heard that every one should let his man-servant, and
every one his maid-servant, go free, that none should serve them-



Jer. xix. 3-6.



Jer. xix. 15.



Jeremiah,

XXXI I« ATA*. 'wOa



Jeremiah,
xxxii. 33-35.



Jeremiah,
xxxiv. 8-17.



656



THE KATURE OF SIN.



Jeremiah,
XXXV. 12-17.



selves of them any more, then they obeyed, and let them go. But
afterwards they turned, and caused the servants and the hand-
maids, whom they had let go free, to return, and brought them
into subjection for servants and for handmaids.

Therefore the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah from the
Lord, saying, Thus saith the Lord, the God of Israel ; 3 tUilbc (I
rouenant toitl) gOUr fathers in the day that I brouglit them
forth out of tlie land of Egypt, out of the house of bond-men,
saying. At the end of seven years, let ye go every man his brother
an Hebrew, which hath been sold unto thee ; and when he hath
served thee six years, thou shalt let him go fi-ee from thee ; but

jjour fatljcrs l)carkcucii not unto mc, ncitljcr incUncb tl)cir
ear.

And ye were now turned, and had done right in my sight,
in proclaiming liberty eveiy man to his neighbour ; and ye had
made a covenant before me in the house which is called by my
name : but ye turned and :pollutcb ItlJ] UiXmc, and caused every
man his servant, and every man his handmaid, whom he had set
at liberty at their pleasure, to return, and brought them into sub-
jection, to be unto you for servants and for handmaids. Therefore

thus saith the Lord ; We l)aiie not Ijcarkencb unto mc, in pro-
claiming libcrtt), every one to his brother, and every man to his
neighbour : behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the Lord, to
the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine ; and I will make
you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.

Then came the word of the Lord unto Jeremiah, saying.
Thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel ; Go and tell the
men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will ye not re-
ceive instruction to hearken to my words ? saith the Lord. The
words of Jonadab the son of Rechab, that he commanded his
sons not to drink wine, are jierformed ; for unto this day they drink
none, but obcn tl)cir fatl)cr'5 commanbmcnt : notwithstanding I

have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but nc IjCUrk-
CMcb not unto me. I have sent also unto you all my servants
the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying, lleturn ye
now every man from his evil way, and amend your doings, and
go not after -other gods to serve tliem, and ye shall dwell in the
land which I have given to you and to your fathers : but ye have
not inclined your ear, nor hearkened unto me.

Because tl)e sons of Sonabab tl)c son of t\ccl)ab l]auc
pcrformcb tl)c commanbmcut of tl)cir fatl)cr, u)l)icl) l)c com-
maubcii them; but tl)is people l)atl) not Ijearkcncb unto mc:

tlieref(>re thus saith the Lord God of hosts, tlie (Jod of Israel ;
Behold, I will bring upon Judah and upon all the inhabitants of Je-
rusalem all the evil that I have pronounced against them ; because I
have spoken unto them, but they have not heard ; and I have called
unto them, but they have not answered.



THE NATURE OF SIN.



557



Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fithers, and the
wickedness of the kings of Judali, and tlie wickedness of their
wives, and your own wickedness,' and the wickedness of your wives,
which they have committed in the huid of Judah, and in the streets
of Jerusalem ? They are not liurabled even unto this day, ncitI}Cr

l)aiic lljcn fcarcb, nor walkcb in mji hito, nor in tnji statutes,

that I set before you and before your fathers.

Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to
the women, and to all the people which had given him that an-
swer, saying, The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah,
and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye and your fathers, your kings,
and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the Lord
remember them, and came it not into his raind ? So that the
Lord could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings,
and because of the abominations which ye have committed ; there-
fore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse,
without an inhabitant, as at this day. Because ye have burned
incense, and because ye have sinned uguinst tl)C £orb, iinb

l)otic not obcncb tl)c noicc of tl)c £orb, nor votilkcbin l)is Irtto,
nor in l)is statutes, nor in l)is testimonies ; therefore this evil

is hajjpened unto you, as at this day.

Because tl)on Ijast trusteli in tl)ij roorks a\\b in tI)B

treasures, thou shalt also be taken : and Chemosh shall go forth
into captivity with his priests and his princes together. And the
spoiler shall come upon every city, and no city shall escape ; the
valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the
Lord hath spoken.

Give wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away : for
the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell therein.

Cursed be he tl)at boet!) t!)c tDork of tl)c £orb lieccitfulln, and

cursed be he that keepeth back his sword from blood,

Moab shall be destroyed from being a people, because l)C
IjatI) magnified l)imself against tl)C £orb.

I have laid a snare for thee, and thou art also taken,
Babylon, and thou wast not aware : thou art found, and also

caught, because tl)ou l)ast striuen against tl)c Corb.

Call together the archers against l>abylon : all ye that bend the
bow, camp against it round about ; let none thereof escape : recom-
pense her according to her work ; according to all that she hath done,

do unto her: for sl)e l]:Ul) becu prouii against tijc £or5,
against tl)e i^oln iDnc of Jfsrael. Therefore shall her young
men fall in the streets, and all lier men of war shall be cut oti'
in that day, saith the Lord,

Behold, I am against thee, © tl)OU most ^iroub, saith the
Lord God of hosts : for thy day is come, the time that I will visit
thee. And the most proud shall stumble and fell, and none shall



Jeremiah,
xliv. 9, 10.



Jcremi.ili,
xliv. 20-23.



.lereiniah,
xlviii. 7-10.



Jer.xlviii.42.



Jer. 1. 24.



Jer. 1. 29-32.



558



THE NATURE OF SIN.



Ezek. ii. 3.



Ezek. V. 5-8.



Ezek. vi. 9.



Ezekiel,
xiv.7, 10, 11.



Ezekiel,

xviii. 5-0,

19,27.



raise him up : and I will kindle a fire in his cities, and it shall
devour all round about him.

And he said unto me, Son of man, I send thee to the children
of Israel, to a rebellious notioit that hath rcbcllcb against me:
they and their fathers have transgressed against me, even unto this
very day.

Thus saith the Lord God ; This is Jerusalem ; I have set it
in the midst of the nations and countries that are round about
her. And she hath changed my judgments into wickedness more
than the nations, and my statutes more than the countries that are
round about her : for they have refused my judgments and my
statutes, they have not walked in them. Therefore thus saith the
Lord God ; Because ye multiplied more than the nations that are

round about you, aub l)aiic not ujalkeb in mn statutes, neitl)er

i](lVC kept tnt] iubgmcntS, neither have done according to the
judgments of the nations that are round about you ; therefore thus
saith the Lord God ; Behold I, even I, am against thee, and
will execute judgments in the midst of thee in the sight of the
nations.

And they that escape of you shall remember me among the
nations whither they shall be carried captives, because I am broken
with their whorish heart, toljicl) l]atl) bcpcTtteb from me, and with
their eyes which go a whoring after their idols : and they shall
loathe themselves for the evils which they have committed in all
their abominations.

Every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that so-
journeth in Israel, tDl]icl) sepuratCtl) Ijimself from mc, and set-
teth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumbling-block of
his iniquity before his face, and coraeth to a prophet to inquire of
him concerning me; I the Lord will answer him by myself: . .
. . . . And they shall bear the punishment of their iniquity :
the punishment of the prophet shall be even as the punishment of
him that seeketh unto him ; that the house of Israel may go no
more crstnijl from me, neither be polluted any more with all their
transgressions ; but that they may be my people, and I may be their
God, saith the Lord God.

But if a man be just, and do that which is lawful anb ric(l)t,
and hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hatli lifted up his
eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, neither hath defiled his
neighbour's wife, neither hath come near to a inenstruous woman,
and hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his
pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his broad to the
hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment; he that hath
not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that
hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judg-
ment between man and man, |)rttl) wfllkcb in mn Statutes, anb



THE NATURE OF SIN.



559



l)fltl) kept mil jubgrncnts, to deal truly ; he is just, he shall surely

live, saith the Lord God, . - Yet say ye, Why ?

doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father ? When the son
hath done that which is Irtvoful aub vigijt, aitb IjiUl) kept all mil

Statutes, ant Ijatl) bone tljem, he shall surely Hve. . . . .

. , Again, when the wicked man turneth away from his wicked-
ness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lainful ttXXb
viigt)t, he shall save his soul alive.

I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments,
which if a man do, he shall even live in them. Moreover, also I
gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that
they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them.

But the house of Israel rcbelleb against mc in the wilder-
ness: tlien toalkeb not in mn statutesTanb tljeii bespiseb mn
iubgmentS, which if a man do, he shall even Hve in them : and
my sabbaths they greatly polluted : then I said, I would pour out
my fury upon them in the Avilderness, to consume them. But I
wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before
the heathen, in whose sight I brought them out. Yet also I lifted
up my hand unto them in the wilderness, that I would not bring
them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and
honey, Avhich is the glory of all lauds : because they bcspiseb mil

jnbgments, anb uialkcb not in mji statutes, but poUuteb mn

sabbiUijS : for their heart went after their idols. Nevertheless mine
eye spared them from destroying them, neither did I make an end
of them in the wilderness. But I said unto their children in the
wilderness. Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither ob-
serve their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols : I am
the Lord your God ; walk in ray statutes, and keep my judgments,
and do them ; and hallow my sabbaths ; and they shall be a sign
between me and you, that ye may know that I am the Lord your
God. Notwithstanding, the children rebelleb against lUC : they

uialkcb not in mil statutes, neitljer kept mji jnbgments to bo
tl)em, which if a rnan do, he shall even live in them : they polluted
my sabbaths : then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them,
to accomplish my anger against them in the wilderness. Neverthe-
less, I withdrew mine hand, and wrought for my name's sake, that
it should not be polluted in the sight of tlie heathen, in whose
sight 1 brought them forth. I lifted up mine hand unto them also
in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen,
and disperse them through the countries; because tl)ei1 l)ab UOt

exccnteb mij jubgmnits, but l)ab bcspiseb mn statutes, anb

l)ab poUuteb mn sabbatljS, ^md their eyes were after their fathers'
idt)ls. Wherefore I gave them also statutes that were not good,
and judgments whereby they should not live; and I polluted them
in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all
that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, tO tl)C

enb tljat tl)eii migl)t knouj tl)at 3 am tl)e £orb.



Ezekiel,
XX. 11-2(5.



560



THE NATURE OF SIN.



Ezekiel,
xxiii. 30-35.



Ezekiel,
xxxiii. 14, 15,



Ezekiel,
xxxix. 'J3-26.



Daniel,
V. 16, 20-24.



Dnniol,
Ix. :»-il.



I will do these things unto thee, becauSC tl)Ott l)nst QOnc a
UJljoring after tl)e l)eatl)Cn, and because thou art pijlluted with
their idols. Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister ; therefore
will I give her cup into thine hand. Thus saith the Lord God;
Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large ; thou shalt be
laughed to scorn and had in derision ; it containeth much. Thou
shalt be filled with drunkenness and sorrow, with the cup of aston-
ishment and desolation, with the cup of thy sister Samaria. Thou
shalt even drink it and suck it out, and thou shalt break the sherds
thereof, and pluck oft" thine own breasts : for I have spoken it, saith
the Lord God. Therefore thus saith the Lord God ; Because thou
hast forgotten mc, a\\b cast mc bc\)inb tijn back, therefore bear
thou also thy lewdness and thy whoredoms.

When I say unto the wicked, Thou shalt surely die ; if he turn
from his sin, and do that which is latoful ailb riO|l)t ; if the wicked
restore the pledge, give again that he had robbed, toalk in t\)C
Statutes of life, without committing iniquity ; he shall surely live,
he shall not die.

The heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into
captivity for their iniquity: because tljen trespasscb against

mc Therefore thus saith the Lord God ; Now

will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the
whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name ; after
that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby



Online LibrarySusan WarnerThe law and the testimony → online text (page 67 of 100)