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And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt ; and

the frogs came up, and couereb tl)e lanb of (Egnpt

. . But when Pharaoh saw tliat there was respite, he liardened
his heart, and hearkened not unto them ; as the Lord had said.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out
thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice
tl)rongl)Ont all tlje lanb of Cfgnpt. And they did so ; for Aaron
stretched out his hand with his i-od, and smote the dust of the
earth, and it became lice in man and in beast : all tl)i; bust of tl)C

lanb became lice tl)rougl)ont all tl)e lanb of (£gnpt. And the

magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but
they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.



Exodus,

viii. 1-0,

l.')-24.



37



578



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



Exod\is,

ix. 1-15,

18-26.



Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God :
and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto
them ; as the Lord had said.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Rise up early in tlie morning,
and stand before Pliaraoli ; (lo, he cometh fortli to the water ;) and
say unto him, Thus saith the Lord, Let my people go, that the}''
may serve me: else, if tl]Ott wilt not let my people go, beliold, I will
send swarms of tiies upon thee, aub upou tl)n semnuts, mxii

upon tl]n pco^jlc, aiib into tl)ii l)onscs : anh ll)c l)ouscs of tl)c
Q^giiptians sliall be full of smarms of flics, anb olso l!)c

grOttUb toljcrcon tl)Cn ore. And I will sever in that day the land
of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of tlies shall
be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the Lord in the
midst of the earth. And I will put a division between my people
anb tl)2 people : to-morrow shall this sign be.

And the Lord did so : and there came a grievous swarm of
flies into the house of Pharaoh, a\\b ilttO l)is SCruaitts' l]OnSCS,

anb into all tlje lanb of €gT)pt: tl)e lanb ixjas corruptcb bti
reason of tijc swarm of flics."

Then the Lord said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell
him, Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews, Let my people go,
that they may serve me. For if tljOtt refuse to let them go, and
wilt hold them still, behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thy cattle
which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the
camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep : there shall be a very
grievous murrain. And the Lord shall sever between the cattle of
Israel, anh l\)C cattle of (Egiipt : and there shall nothing die of
all that is the children's of Lsi'ael. And the Lord apj)ointed a set
time, saying. To-morrow the Lord shall do this thing in the land.

And the Lord did that thing on the morrow, awb all tljC
cattle of Qrgiipt bieb : but of the cattle of the children of Israel
died not one. And Pharoh sent, and behold, there was not one of
the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was
hardened, and he did not let the people go.

And the Lord said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you
handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward
the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. And it shall become small
dust in all tlje lanb of (Kgijpt, ;iiid shall be a boil breaking forth
with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of

Egypt-

And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh ;
and Moses sprinkled it up towaid heaven : and it became a boil
breaking firth with blains upon man, and upon beast. And the
magicians could not stand before Moses, because of the boils: for
the boil was upon the magicians, anb upon all tl)C (Egupt-
ians. And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he
hearkened not unto them ; as the Lord had spoken unto Moses.



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



579



And the Lord said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning,
and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto iiim, Thus saith the Lord
God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thine heart, ailb
upon tl)n SCruantS, a\\b upon 11)2 people : that thou mayest
know that there is none like me in all the earth. For now I will
stretch out my hand, that I may smite thee nub tl)T) people with

pestilence; and thou shalt be cut otf from the earth

. . Behold, to-morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a
very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egvpt since the foun-
dation thereof even until now. Send therefore now, and gather
thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field : for upon every man
and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought
home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.

He that feared the word of the Lord among the servants of
Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses :
and he that reo-arded not the word of the Lord left his servants
and his cattle in the field.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand to-
ward heaven, that there may be hail in oU tl)e luub of (!:gT)pt,

upon man, anb ii-pon beast, anb upon cuerj} Ijerb of tl)e

fielb, tl)VOUgl)OUt tl)e kuib of (Egnpt. Ami Moses stretched
forth his rod toward heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail,
and the fire ran along upon the ground : and the Lord rained hail
upon the land of Egypt. So there was hail, and fire mingled witli
the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the
land of Egypt since it became a nation. And the hail smote
throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both

man and beast, a\ib tl)c l)ail smote euern l)cvb of tl)c fielb
anb brake euern tree of tlje fielb. Only in the land of Goshen,
where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.

And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto
him. Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews, How long wilt
thou refuse to humble thyself before me ? Let my people go, that
they may serve me. Else, if thou refuse to let my people go,
behold, to-morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast : and
they shall cover the face of the earth, that one oainiot be able to
seethe earth: anb tl)en sl)all eat tl)c rcsibne of tl)at U)l)icl)
is escapeb, taljid) remainetl) nnto non from tl)e liail, and

shall eat everv tree which trrmvetii tor yuu out of the field : and

they shall fill thy houses, anb tl)e l)ouG'es of all tl)n serinints,
anb tl)e Ijonses of all tlje Q:gnptians ; which neither thy fathers,
nor thy fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were
upon the earth unto this day. And he turned himself, and went
out from Pharaoh.

And Pharaoh's servants said imto him, How long shall this
man be a snare unto us ? Let the men go, that they may serve



Ex. .\. 3-7.



580



IMPUTATIo:^^ of sin



Exodus,

X. 12-23,

'->7-Si9.



Ex. xi. 4-7.



littorocst tl)oiT not iict tl)at Q^^iipt is bc-



tlie Lord tlieir God

stroncb ?

And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over
the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up upon
the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that
the hail hath left.

And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt,
and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land all that day,
and all that night : and when it was morning, the east wind brought
the locusts. And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt,
and rested in all the coasts of Egypt : very grievous were they ;
before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them
shall be such. For they covered the face of the whole earth, so
that the land was darkened ; and they did eat every herb of the
land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left : and
there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs
of the field, through all the land of Egypt.

Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste ; and he
said, I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you.
Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only this once, and en-
treat the Lord your God that he may take away from me this death
only.

And he went out from Pharaoh and intreated the Lord. And
the Lord turned a mighty strong west wind which took away the
locusts, and cast them into the Ked sea : there remained not one
locust in all the coasts of Egypt. But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's
heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand to-
ward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt,
even darkness which may be felt. And Moses stretched forth his

hand toward heaven : anb tl)crc u)tis ii tl)ick barUncss ill all tl)C
lanb of Q:gBpt tl)rcc ham : tl)cn satu not one anotl)cr, nci-
tl)cr rose ann from l)is liTacc for tl)rcc ha^5 : but all the chil-
dren of Israel had light in their dwellings

But the Lord hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not
let them go. And Pharaoh said unto him. Get thee from me,
take heed to thyself, see my face no more : for in that day thou
seest my face, thou shall die. And Moses said, Thou hast spoken
well, I will see thv face again no more.

And Moses said. Thus saith the Lord, About midnight will T
go out into the midst of Egypt. CKuh all tl)c first-born in tl)C
lanb of Qrgijpt shall bic, from tl)c first-born of pi)arao!) tl)at
sittcti) upon l)is tl)ronc, even nnto tl)c first-born of tl)c maib-
scrimut tl)at is bcl)inii tl)c mill; anb all tl)c first-born of

beasts. Aiicl there shall be a great cry throughout all the land
of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any
mort'. But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



581



move his tongue, against man or beast : iliat ye may know how
that the Lord doth put a ditieronce between the Egyptians and Israel.

And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all tl)e
first-born in tl)C lanii of Q:gnyt, tVom the first-born of Pliaraoh
that sat on his throne, unto the first-born of the captive that was in
the dungeon ; and all the first-born of cattle. And Pharaoh rose

up in the night, l)c, awh all Ilis scruants, cin'b all tl)c (Egnpt-
ians ; mib tijcrc mas a great crn in Q!gi.HJt: for tl)crc toas
not a Ijonse tuljcrc tl)crc was not one bciiS.

Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. . . .

And the Lord said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a
book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua : for I will utterly put
out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven. And Moses
built an altar, and called the name of it JElIOVAH-nissi :' for he
said, Because the Lord hath sworn that the Lord toill l)aiic Ujar

mill) 'Amalek from generation to generation.

I the Lord tliy (Jod am a jealous (rod. yisiting tl)e iniqnitji
of tlje fatl)ers upon tlje cl)ilbren unto tl)c tl)irb anb fourtlj
generation of tl)em tl]at l)atc mc;

And thou slialt make a ])late of pure gold, and grave upon it
like the engiavings of a signet, HOLLVESS TO THE LORD.

And thou shalt ])ut it on a blue lace that it may be upon the
mitre ; upon the fore-front of the mitre it shall be. And it shall

be u[.on Aaron's forehead, tljat 'llaron man bear tl)e iniqnitn of

tlje l)0ln tl)iugS, which the children of Israel shall liallow in all
their hoTy gifts ; and it shall be always upon his forehead, tljat tl)ejl
man be acccpteb before tl)C t'orb.

Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin : and
now I will '^o up unto the Lord ; peradventure I shall make an
atonement for your sin.

And Moses i-eturned unto the Lord, and said. Oh, this people
have sinned a trreat sin, and have made them gods of i^old. Yet
now, if thou wilt torgive their sin — ; anh if not, blot me, J pran

tljee, out of tl)n book wljidi tliou l)ast written.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Wiiosoever hath sinned against
me, him will I blot out of my book.

And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, The
Lord, The Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-sufiering, and
abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, for-
giving ini(piitv and transgression and sin, and that will by no means

clear the guilty; uisitiug t!)e iniquitn of tlje fathers upon tlic
cl)ilbren, anb upon tl)e tliilbrcn's cl)ilbren, unto tl)e tl)irb anb
to tl)e fourtl) generation.

And Xadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them
his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered
strange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not. And



Exodus,
xii. 29, :w.



Exodus,
xvii.8, U-IG.



1 That is,
The I.ORD
vty banner.



Ex. XX. 5.



Exodus,
xxviii. 3(i-38.



Exodus,
xxxii. 30-33.



Exodus,
xxxiv. (i, 7.



Leviticus,

x. J, 2, 6,

l()-20.



582



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



Leviticus.

xvi. 5-8, 15,

It), aO-22.



Lerltlcux,

xxvl. 38-JO,

42.



there went out fire from the Lord, and devoured them, and they

died before the Lord And Moses said unto Aaron,

and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your
heads, neither rend your clothes ; lest ye die, anb IcQt UJVtttl) COmc
upon all t\)C people : but let your brethren, the whole house of

Israel, bewail the burning which the Lord hath kindled

And Moses diligently sought the goat of the sin-ofl"ering, and
behold, it was burnt : and lie was angry with Eleazar and Ithainar,
the sons of Aaron which were left alive, saying, Wherefore have ye
not eaten the sin-otiering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy,
and C?ob l)atl) giuen it iiou to bear tl)e iniqiutn of tlje congre-
gation, to make atonement for tl)em before ll)e jLorb? Be-
hold, the blood of it was not brought in within the holy place : ye
should indeed have eaten it in the holy place as I commanded.
And Aaron said unto Moses, Beliold, this day have they offered
their sin-ottering and their burnt-offering before the Lord ; and such

things have befallen me : unb if 3 liab eaten tjjc sin-offering
to-5an, sl)onlb it l)aoc been accepted in the sight of the Lord i

And when Moses heard that, he was content.

And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Is-
rael two kids of the goats for a sin-offering, and one ram for a
burnt-offering. And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin-offer-
ing, whicli is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and
for his house. And he shall take the two goats, and present them
before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the conwreffation.
And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats ; one lot for the
Lord, and the other lot for the scape-goat

Then shall he kill the goat of the sin-ottering that is for the
people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that
blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon
the mercy-seat, and before the mercy-seat : and he shall make an
atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the
children of Israel, and because of their transo'ressions in all their
sins : and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the conofrea'ation
that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness

And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy ])lace,
and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring

the live goat : unb QVaron Gl)all hni botl) l)is l)anbs npon llje
l)eab of tl)e line goat, anb confess oner l)im all ll)e iniqnities
of tl)c cl)ilbren of -Israel, anb all tl)eir transgressions in all
tl)eir sins, pnlting tljem npon tl}e l)eab of tl)e goat, and shall

send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness:

anb tl)e goat sl]aU bear npon l)im all tl)eir iniqnities unto a

h'tiid iHii iiihahiled : and he shall let <iM the "-oat in the wilderness.



\e shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your
enemies shall eat you up. And they that are left of you shall
pine away in their iniquity in your enemies' lands; anb also in



IMPUTATIOISr OF SIN.



583



tl)c iniquities of tijcir fatl)crs sljall tijcj} pine avoiw toitl)
tl)cm.

If they shall confess their iniquity, a\\b tl)C iuiqilitn of ll)cir
fcitl]CVS, with their trespass whieh they trespassed against nie, ami

that also they have walked contrary unto me Then

will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant
with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember ;
and I will remember the land.

Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which
I svvare to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephun-
neh, and Joshua the son of Nun. Ikit your little ones, which ye
said should be a prev, them will I bi-ing in, and they shall know
the land which ve have despised. But as for you, your carcases,
they shall fall in this wilderness. '^nb IIOIU" cljilbvCU sl)all

raanbcr in t\)e toilbcrncss fortn ncars, a\\b bear pour toljorc-

boms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness.

Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of
Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son
of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took men : and they rose up before
Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two Iiundi'ed and fifty
princes of the assembl}', femous in the congregation, men of re-
nown : and they gathered themselves together against Moses and
against Aaron,

And Korah gathered all the congregation against them unto
the door of the tabernacle of the congregation : and the glory of
the Loi'd appeared unto all the congregation. And the Lord spake
unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Separate noutsclues from

among tijie congregation, tl)at J man consume tl)em in a

moment. And they fell upon their faces, and said, <> (iod, the

(iod of the spirits of all tiesh, g|)aU onc man siu, anh roilt tl)OU
be rorotl) miti) all tl)e congregation V

And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the con-
gregation, saying, Get you up from about the tabernacle of Korah,
Dathan, and Abiram. And Moses rose up and went unto Dathan
and Abiram ; and the elders of Israel followed him. And he
spake unto the congregation, saying, Depart, I pray you, from the
tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be
consumed in all their sins.

So they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and
Abiram, on every side : and Datliaii and Abiram came out, and

stood in the door of their tents, anb tl)eir ujiues, iixib tijeir sons,
anb tljeir little cl)ilbren. An<l Moses said. Hereby ye shall
know that the Lord hath sent me to do all these works ; for I
have not done them of mine own mind. If these men die the
common death of all men, or if they be visited after the visitation
of all men ; then the Lord hath not sent me. But if the Lord
make a new thing, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow



Numbers,
xiv. 30-33.



Numbers,

xvi. 1-3,

19-33.



584



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



Deuteron.

i. 34, :J5, 37,

38.



Deuteron.
ii. 20-35.



them up, toitl) all t\]iU appertain unto tl)em, and they go Jown
quick into the pit ; then ye shall understand that these men have
provoked the Lord.

And it came to pass, as he had made an end of speaking all
these words, tliat the ground clave asunder that was under them :
and the eai-th opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their
houses, and all tlie men that appertained unto Korah, and all their

goods. They, arib all tl)at appertaineb to tl)cm, went down alive

into the pit, and the earth closed upon them ; and they perished
from among the congregation.

And the Lord heard the voice of your words, [when the chil-
dren of Israel were afraid to go over into the promised land,] and
was wroth, and sware, saying. Surely there shall not one of these
men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to

give unto vour fathers Also the Lord was angry

with me for JlOUr sakcs, S'lying) Thou also shalt not go in
thither. But J oshua the son of Nun, which standeth before thee,
he shall go in thither.

And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto
Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying. Let me pass
through thy land : I will go along by the highway, I will neither
turn unto tlie right hand nor to the left. Thou shalt sell me meat
for money, that I may eat ; and give me water for money, that I
may drink : only I will pass through on my feet ; (as the children
of Esau which dwell in Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar,
did unto me ;) until I shall pass over Jordan into the land which
the L(jixl our God giveth us.

JSut 6il)on king of f^csl^bon tooulb not let ns pass bn

l)iin : foi" the Lord thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart
obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth
this day. And the Lord said unto me, Behold, I have begun to
give Sihon and his land before thee : begin to possess, that thou
mayest inherit his land.

Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight
at Jahaz. And the Lord our God delivei-ed him before us ; and
we smote him, anb Ijis sons, anb all l)is people. And we took

all his cities at tliat time, and utterly dt-stroyed tl)C mcn, anb tl)C

u3omen, anb tl)e little ones of euerji citn ; wo left none to re-
main : only the cattle we took for a prey unto ourselves, and the
spoil (jf the cities which we took.

I besought the Lord, saying, Lord God, thou hast begun
to shew thy servant thy greatness, and thy mighty hand : for what
God is there in heaven or in earth, that can do according to thy
works, and according to thy might ? I pray thee, let me go over
and see tilt' good land that is l>evond Jordan, that goodlv mountain,

and Lebanon. Jjut tl)e llorb ujas rorotl) roitl) me for nour
sakcs, anb tooulb not l)car me : and the Lord said unto me,



Deuteron.
lii. 23-'J8.



IMPUTATION OF SIN.



685



Let it suffice thee ; speak no more unto me of this matter. Get
thee up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up thine eyes westward,
and northward, and southward, and eastward, and behold it with
thine eyes : for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. But charge
Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him : for he shall go
over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the
land which thou shalt see.

The Lord was angry with me for rjOUr sakcs, and sware that
I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto
that good land wliich the Lord thy God givetli thee for an inherit-
ance : but I must die in this land, I must not go over Jordan:
but ye shall go over, and possess that good land.

If any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and
rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth
into one of these cities : then the elders of his city shall send and
fetch hira thence, and deliver liim into the hand of the avenger
of blood, that he may die. Thine eye shall not pity him, but

tl)ou sljalt put otuay tl)c guilt of iuuoccnt bloob from Israel,

that it may go well with thee.

If one be found slain in the land which the Lord thy God
giveth thee to possess it, lying in the field, and it be not known
who hath slain him : then thy elders and thy judges shall come
forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which are round about
him that is slain ; and it shall be that the city which is next unto
the slain man, even the elders of that city shall take an heifer
which hath not been wrought with, and which hath not drawn in
the yoke ; and the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer
unto a rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown, and shall
strike oft' the heifer's neck there in the valley ; and the pi-iests the
sons of Levi shall come near, for them the Lord thy God hath
chosen to minister unto him, and to bless in the name of the Lord,
and by their word shall every controversy and every stroke be tried :
and all the elders of that city that are next unto the slain man,
shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the val-
ley : and they shall answer and say. Our hands have not shed
this blood, neither have our eyes seen it. j[3c lUCrciful, (?) Coi"&,
unto tl)n people jjsnui, whom thou hast redeemed, and lixu not

innocent bloob unto tl)n people of Jsracl's cljurgc. Ai'd the

blood shall be forgiven tl)Cm.

So shalt thou put away the guilt of innocent blood from among
you, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the
Lord.

An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congrega-
tion of the Lord ; cucw to tl)eir tent!) generation sl)oUtl)e2 not
enter into l\)c congregation of tl)c t!orb foreocr : because they
met you not with bread and with water in the way, toljeu JjC caXttC



Deutcron.
iv. i-'l, s.-i



Doiiteron.
xix. U-13.



Deuteron.
xxi. 1-9.



Detiteron.
xxiii. 3-6.



586



IMPUTATION or SIN".



' See Numb,
xxii.



Deuteron.
XXV. 17-19.



Deuteron



Online LibrarySusan WarnerThe law and the testimony → online text (page 70 of 100)