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Concerning this family of the Brays we may note further, for the
elucidation of a special entry which occurs every year at the beginning of
the annual Compotus of Alan of Walsingham, that a daughter of Andrew
and of Agnes Bray, who is known as Joanna Bray, was of some service to
the Convent in lending money for their necessities 2 . In 13 13 they
acknowledge a debt to Joanna of 100 shillings yearly for her life payable
out of the Prior's Chamber ; and they lease to her for her life a messuage
in Ely to be kept in repair by the Sacrist of Ely.

It is this house and some expenditure on it which appears amongst the
regular expenses of the Sacrist year after year, from which we may conclude
that Joanna was well known to Alan.

In the same year, the Prior acknowledges 3 by his bond a debt to Joanna
Bray of ^40 payable by instalments — and for the capital sum they bind
all their goods movable and immovable — and, also, in the same year, the
Prior and Convent grant to Simon of Scepeye, son of Agnes le Brai of
Ely (perhaps by a former husband), yearly a robe of the same kind as the
Prior's squires have (de secta armigerorum dicti Prioris) with permission to
eat in hall with the said squires 4 .

The year 131 3 seems indeed to have been a year of difficulty in the
finances of the Convent, and the following " Memoranda of liabilities "
will suggest that if the monks were occasionally somewhat reckless in their
expenditure, their facilities for borrowing, not only from Italian merchants
but from their own friends and neighbours, might naturally have negatived
or lessened those nervous sensations which nowadays restrict Deans and
Canons in the narrow way of safety.

1 Sciant presentes et futuri quod Ego Agnes le Bray relicta quondam Andree de Ely
in pura et legitima viduitate mea. See Appendix B. page 145.

2 Hist. MSS. Commiss. Report VI., App. p. 292.

3 Ibid. 4 Ibid.

156 (glppenbir €

£ s- d.

'The Liabilities.' — To Sir R. de Walevile 220 o o

to Dom. R. son of Walton 55 o o

to Simon de Scepeye

and Alex, de Riptone 20 o o

to the Brethren of

St Augustine 66 8

to Nicholas Pisayne 16 o

to Isabel de Scepeye 10 16 8

to Joan le Bray 40 o o

Summa ^350 or 525 marks.
Equivalent to about ^7000 of the money of to-day.

Towards the close of the 13th century two more Goldsmiths appear in
the Ely deeds, who although we cannot find a place for them in the family
tree, not being mentioned in any relationship of son or father, clearly were
of the same kith and kin.

Elyas 1 granted to the Prior and Convent his rights in a tenement
consisting apparently of a rent charge of three shillings, one of the
witnesses being Salomon the son of Alan the Goldsmith.

Jordan the Goldsmith (No. 2) is witness to a deed by a man who
was probably of an Ely family and who certainly possessed property in
the city.

This was Ralph, or Radulphus, who describes himself as Archdeacon
of Middlesex 2 and who grants to one Henry the son of Richard, whom he
speaks of as his servant, a capital part of a house in Ely which he had
bought from M. the daughter of Elye, and he appears in another deed as
witness of a conveyance of another piece of land.

Tracing Radulphus onward, we find that in October 1294 he was
elected Dean of St Paul's and was consecrated Bishop of London in 1306.
Archdeacon Ralph's deed was witnessed by another Archdeacon of the
same diocese, perhaps a friend visiting Ely at the same time, who was
eventually no less distinguished ; for Richard of Newport, Archdeacon of
Colchester, was made Archdeacon of Middlesex in 1304, Dean of St Paul's
in 1 3 14, and Bishop of London, and dying in August 13 18 was buried in
St Paul's.

1 Bishops' Registers, Liber M, fol. 483.

2 Omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Radulphus Archidiaconus Middle-
sexie, Salutem. Sciatis me dedisse concessisse et presenti carta mea confirmasse Henrico
filio Ricardi servienti meo — pro homagio et seruicio suo et pro viginti solidis quos mihi
dedit in gersuma capitalem partem messuagii in Ely, quam emi de M. filia Elye
Ele. Hiis testibus Ricardo Archidiacono Colcestre. — Iordano Aurifabro et aliis.

Seal of Archdeacon Ralph. Carta penes D. & C, Cista vi. i.

QMCtibix C i57

And if we remember that about this period the three sons of Salomon
the Goldsmith the son of Alan were raised to positions of high distinction
in the Church, we may conclude that there was no stagnation in the society
of Ely in those days, but that stirrings of ambition for advancement in the
only line of life then opened to the sons of the middle classes, were felt by
both fathers and sons.

And yet another Ely youth is to be reckoned among the winners of
ecclesiastical honours. He belonged to a very old and honourable family
of the city and neighbourhood named Pagan. William Pagan fared north-
ward, and returning home as Archdeacon of Cleveland 1 signed a deed
disposing of property in Ely : while another charter is signed, to confirm it,
by a Pagan who declared that Wm Archdeacon of Cleveland was his
brother 2 .

It is time, however, that we should set out more particularly the
evidences we possess of the advancement of the three sons of Salomon
the Goldsmith the son of Alan.

Salomon himself was a man of wealth, possessing property in Meldreth,
Uullingham and other places. In Dullingham he was with his wife Alicia
party to a suit with one of the great family of the Scales, and he possessed
two houses in the ' forum ' or market place of Ely, the one on the north
side the other on the west.

His eldest son Salomon is mentioned as Prior of Ely in the year 1291,
and he is known indifferently as John Salmon and John Salemon. An old
chronicler thus speaks of him: "John Saleman Episcopus cognomen a
patre duxit ; patre enim Salomone, matre Alicia natus est 3 ."

On the death of Bishop de Luda in 1298 he was elected by the monks
of Ely to be their Bishop. Their choice however was annulled by Pope
Boniface the VHIth, who promoted him to the Bishopric of Norwich, to
which see he was consecrated on Nov. 15, 1299 4 . He was appointed

1 Carta Willielmi Archidiaconi Clyveland — " dedi concessi," etc. Rico Muschet
nepoti meo messuagium et croftum in villa de Ely in " Potters Lane."

E libro Elimosinarii, p. 66.

2 " Scriptum Pagani de Ely."...

" Noveritis me inspexisse cartam dilecti Fratris mei Willi. Archidiaconi

Clyveland." Penes D. & C, Cista, vi. i.

3 Wharton, Anglia Sacra, i. 802.

4 In a list of the copes which were according to custom offered to Canterbury by the
Suffragan Bishops of the province, as the copes in which they had been consecrated,
our Bishop of Norwich is called John of Ely. ' ' Capa Johannis de Ely Norwycensis
Episcopi de viridi panno brudato."

Inventories of Christ Church Canterbury by J. Wickham Legg and W. II. St John
Hope. Constable, 1902.

i5 8 f&wtnMt C

Chancellor in 1320, and died at Folkestone in 1325 on his return from an
embassy to the Court of the French King Charles 'le Bel 1 .'

Bishop Salmon was one of the earliest subscribers to the rebuilding of
the central Tower of the Monastic Church of Ely over which he had so
long presided, and his gift of 20 marks appears in Alan's Sacrist Roll of
1324, as ^13. 6s. Bd.

The second son of Salomon the Aurifaber, named Alan, was collated to
the Archdeaconry of Sudbury on April 1, 1308 2 .

The third son of Salomon, Simon, became Archdeacon of Suffolk three
years later, in 131 1, and dying in 1324, was succeeded in that office by his
brother Alan, who apparently died in the same year 3 .

This Simon seems to have possessed property in Stetchworth in-
dependently of his father, for in 1293-94 he granted to his brother John
then Prior of Ely and to the Convent a lease of lands for 40 years, and
some time later made over to them the property " in puram et perpetuam
Elemosinam 4 ."

Simon also before his promotion to the Archdeaconry purchased from
a certain John Russell a house with lands on the north side of the market
place next to the Bishop's vineyard 5 . He is in the deed described as
Dominus Simon son of the former Goldsmith. When he sold it later (a.d.
1320) he is spoken of as Simon de Ely, " Archidiaconus SuffolchieV

Alan, Archdeacon of Sudbury, possessed a messuage in the Broad Street,
on the east side, not far from the corner of 'Fore Hill'; probably one of
considerable extent, as it surrounded a tenement purchased by Bishop
Hotham on three sides 7 .

1 Cf. Le Neve's Fasti Eccl. Ang., Vol. ii., Ed. 1854, page 462.

2 Ibid, pages 490 and 487.

3 Ibid, page 487.

4 Carta Symonis filii Salamonis Aurifabri de [firma terrae in Stenchworth Dno.
Iohanni Priori Eliensi fratri suo et ejusdem loci Conventui habend. et tenend. dictam
terram... a festo Nativitatis Domini anno Regni Regis Edwardi filii Regis Henrici 22
usque ad terminum 40 annorum.

Carta Simonis filii Salomonis Aurifabri de concessione dicte terre in puram et
perpetuam elemosinam Dno. Iohanni Priori Eliensi fratri suo et Conventui — undated.

These two charters are quoted by Bentham (page 219) as penes D. & C. Ely: but
have disappeared.

5 Sciant presentes et futuri quod nos Johannes Russel de Ely et Margareta uxor

mea dedimus etc Domino Simoni filio quondam Salomonis aurifabri de Ely...

unum messuagium...in Villa de Ely juxta vinetum Domini Episcopi, etc.— dated 1307.

Penes D. & C, Cista VI. i.

6 Sciant presentes et futuri quod Nos Simon de Ely Archidiaconus Suffolchie...
dedimus... Dno. W. de Ely. ..pro quodam summa pecunie, quoddam mesuagium jacens in
Villa de Ely juxta vinetum Domini Episcopi, etc. — dated 1320.

Penes D. & C, Cista vi. i.

7 Sciant presentes et futuri quod Ego Robertus etc. ..dedi... Domino Iohanni de

Qpptnbix C 159

This Salomon the Goldsmith was both the son of an Alan the
Goldsmith, and had for a brother another Alan also called the Goldsmith.
Frequently we have among the witnesses of a deed, " Salomone aurifabro
et Alano fratre suo." And it is concerning this Alan that the editor of
these notes ventures to suggest that he may have been the grandfather
of Alan the Sacrist and Prior, by his daughter, Agnes, married to Adam of
Walsingham 1 .

We are aware from Alan the Prior's latest deed (1363), which was much
concerned with the affairs of the Goldsmith's office, that his own father's
name was Adam and his mother's Agnes 2 ; and it is by no means impossible
that Adam of Walsingham may have been a native of the township of
Walsingham in Norfolk, and having settled in Ely may have married
the Goldsmith's daughter ; and that his son, working in his youth at the
Goldsmith's craft, may have afterwards entered as a monk in the Monastery
of his native town, retaining his father's surname 3 .

Hotham Episcopo Elyensi quoddam tenementum in villa de Ely in vico qui vocatur
Brodelane... inter tenementum quod quondam fuit Alani de Ely, Archidiaconi Sudburi-
ensis ex partibus boreali, australi et orientali — dated 1332. Penes D. & C.

1 Ventum est igitur in ecclesiam ; et feretrum solutum et apertum est per quendam
monachum ' ' Alanum de Walsingham " dictum, qui postea, proficientibus meritis, Prior
factus est illius ecclesie; qui et ipse peritus erat in opere aurifabrili, et ideo ad solvendum
feretrum tunc vocatus.

Thomae Walsingham Historia Anglicana (Rolls Series) i. 138.

2 In arranging for his anniversary, Alan of Walsingham uses these words : " Idem
vero Elemosinarius solvet annuatim pro anniversario dicti domini Alani et Domini
Johannis de Crauden nuper Prioris ac Ade et Agnetis Patris et Matris predicti domini
Alani..." Penes D. & C. — given at full length at the close of this Appendix.

3 The following Genealogical tree is here inserted to elucidate the text. It is
generally based on documentary evidence, with the exception of the connection between
Adam of Walsingham's wife and the brother of Salomon the 3rd.

Salomon is mentioned as an Aurifaber by the historian of St Albans before 1 146.
Salomon (n 16 — 1177)

1 ' n

Jordan Stephen

married Matilda

Salomon the Goldsmith

Alan the Goldsmith

r J -1

Salomon died 1298 Alan

(?) daughter Agnes

(?) married Adam of


I 1 1 I

Salomon Alan Simon Alan

monk of Ely Archd. of Sudbury Archd. of Suffolk
Prior of Ely 1 29 1 1308 1311

Bp of Norwich 1299 Collated to Archd. died 1324

Chancellor of of Suffolk 1324 to

England 1320 succeed his brother
died 1325

i6o QpptYibix C

These suggestions fit in well with the record of Th. Walsingham
the monk and historian of St Albans, who represented Alan of
Walsingham as a young monk in 13 14 "skilled in goldsmith's work" —
giving his name as " Alanum de Walsingham dictum," perhaps to signify
that the similarity of name indicated not kinship with the chronicler

If Alan the Ely Sacrist and Prior were indeed grandson of Alan the
Goldsmith, he would have been grand-nephew of Salomon the Goldsmith,
and nephew of three distinguished ecclesiastics one of whom had for
seven years, from 1291 to 1298, held the office of Prior in the Monastic
Church of Ely. Through this relationship there would be a natural bond
drawing a young man of exceptional abilities, and, we may think, of a
religious disposition, to quit the trade of his clan to enter into Holy Orders
in the Church to which his whole family was devotedly attached.

Concurrently with the probabilities so far indicated of kinship between
Alan of Walsingham and the hereditary Goldsmiths of Ely, we may notice
some curious marks of our Sacrist's interest in all that concerned the office
which the family held in the Monastic Church, as visible in his actions and
as recorded in his own words.

1 st. In his rebuilding of the Sacristy, we find both in his Compotus
for the year, and in other monastic documents, very special stress laid on
the provision which he made for a workshop for the Goldsmith, designing
to that end a tower at the corner in Stepil Row.

2nd. His purchase of the estate of Brame, at a time when the funds at
his disposal fell far short of the yearly expense demanded by the restoration
of the Tower of the Church, is inconceivably reckless unless we regard it in
the light of the papers relating to the Goldsmith's office, which tell us that
half the Goldsmith's salary was charged on that estate, and had to be
looked for every year from the hand of the successive owners of it. Under
this aspect the transaction of the purchase of the property by the Monastery
may be regarded as an act of consideration for the Goldsmiths.

3rd. A very considerable portion of a lengthy document which Prior
Alan drew up and sealed in 1362, not long before his death, is concerned
with the Goldsmith's office, securing to it anew the rent charge on Brame
and defining the duties which the successive Goldsmiths were to perform
to the Church. Nowhere else have we so clear a statement of the services
which were to qualify the members of the family as office holders.

Alan's words show a complete mastery of the subject. The Goldsmith's
salary, he declared, was settled "ab antiquo pro arte et labore suo in vasis
argenteis et aureis, reliquiis et aliis Ecclesie jocalibus, cum opus fuerit,
reparandis, faciendis et emendandis ad Feretra in Vestiario et Refectorio

Q&pptnbix C 161

Ecclesie supra dicte, sicut solebat Aurifaber ex antiqua Ecclesie consue-
tudine vasa hujusmodi reliquias et jocalia reparare facere vel emendare."

To what part or section of the family the service in the Monastery
had descended in 1362 when this deed was executed we know not.

In the entries of payments to the Goldsmiths in the annual Compotus
of the Sacrists the name of the man is hardly ever given ; only once
through the Rolls before us is a name mentioned, Roger appearing as
Goldsmith in Roll No. xiii. page 166.

From the same Brame property Alan establishes a yearly pittance
"pro anniversario dicti Domini Alani et Domini Johannis de Craudene
nuper Prions, ac Ade et Agnetis patris et matris predicti Domini Alani."

From this we may conclude that his father Adam was not alive in 1363,
but there is a curious entry in the Roll of a Custos Capelle Beate Marie of
the years 1357-8-9 in which the name of Adam of Walsingham occurs
in conjunction with that of Robert of Sutton the Sacrist, Prior Alan's great
ally whose seal was affixed to Alan's latest document 1 .

The entry records a sale of jewels, rings, vestments and other things,
with the items sold, their price and the names of the purchasers. Among
the entries there occurs " de iij peciis argenteis venditis fratri R. de Sutton
et Ade de Walsingham — vj sol. viij den."

The document to which reference has been made as having been
sealed by Alan of Walsingham, in February 1362, is here printed in full.
It is of parchment 21 inches wide and 12 long.

The preamble of it is characteristic of the ecclesiastical style of the day.
It philosophises on the tendency of the human mind to let slip from the
memory passing events, which would altogether disappear, had not the
Divine pity provided a remedy by the use of letters through which things
of ancient date might be preserved lifelike to readers. To this end a
certain composition or ordination is to be preserved, in the form of an
agreement between Alan of Walsingham Prior of Ely and the Chapter, and
Robert of Sutton, Sacrist of the Church.

In the main this " Ordinatio " is concerned with the income arising
from the lands of the estate of Brame, the purchase of which had been
entered in the accounts of the Sacristy when Alan of Walsingham himself
was Sacrist.

The estate, which was the result of several transactions, amounted to
nearly 200 acres of land with houses, tenements, stalls, fisheries and rents

1 In a deed dated 1358 in which Wm of Wysebech and R. de Barynton provide a
landed endowment for the newly built Lady Chapel, Adam de Walsingham is one of
the attesting witnesses.

C. VOL. I. 1 1

1 62 (glppenbir C

payable from lands. These were obtained the Prior declares " cum magno
labore suo, et industria, ac sumptibus etiam permaximis," and the statement
seems borne out by a series of 31 parchments preserved in our Muniment
Room all relating to the acquisition of the various parts of this property 1 .

It is touching the income derived from this Brame estate, that this
lengthy deed is principally concerned. The matter had been frequently
and diligently discussed "cum deliberatione matura per dies et annos

The first clause of their final decision requires that all these lands and
tenements shall henceforth be in the hands of the Elemosinarius for the
time being.

The second, that out of this income every year shall be formed an
" Anniversary " for Prior Alan, Prior Crauden, and for Adam and Agnes
the father and mother of the said Alan — at the cost of 66 shillings and
8 silver pennies, 40 shillings of which shall go to the poor — and the rest
to provide a suitable pittance for the Convent on the above named
anniversary day.

The third clause provides for the payment of the allowance due to the
hereditary office of Aurifaber or Goldsmith, arising from the Brame lands,
of 2 marks of silver or 26 shillings and 8 pence, which being added to an
annual charge due from the Sacrist to the Goldsmith of 40 shillings or
3 marks, make up the hereditary income of that office to 5 marks.

The fourth clause secures to the whole Convent a day of " Recreation "
and assigns out of the Brame income the expenses thereof, while it enjoins
on every one of the brethren partaking of the Recreation, that at the end
of dinner and supper they should say by way of grace " May the soul of
the Lord Prior Alan, and the souls of all faithful departed, by the pity of
God rest in peace. Amen."

And lastly, whatever remains after these expenses and after due care
of the property, is to be divided amongst all the brethren with due
consideration of the needs of each.

So far with regard to the Brame estate and the assignment of its annual

The later part of the Ordinatio refers to Prior Crauden, and another

l In the entry in Roll vi. which gives the particulars of the purchase of Brame,
concerning the lands and tenements of John Baas, the words are added " per dominum
Nicholaum de Glyntone clericum."

This is explained by a parchment in the Muniment Room No. 162, in which Nicholas
de Glyntone de Ely, "ob affectionem quam erga Deum gloriosam Virginem Etheldre-
dam et fratrem Alanum de Walsingham monachum et Sacristam habeat," gave to the
augmentation of the Sacristy all the lands which he had from John de Baas — the
particulars of the estate being given.

property which had been acquired by his exertions, namely, the appropriate
income of the Church of Sudburne on the east coast of Suffolk 1 , with the
Chapelry of Orford.

This income, Prior Alan had led the Chapter to consider, might fairly
be used to meet the expenses of the day of anniversary so far as Prior
Crauden's name was associated with it, deducting the sum of 3^. A,d. in
compliance with the constitutions of Pope Benedict XII, "pro scolaribus ad
studium generale mittendis."

And once again at the close of this document, a provision is made for
the Sacrist, and to his office any possible saving is to be given which may
accrue from a remission of certain tithe payments made "in favorem

This lengthy document, as we have said, bears the date February 1362,
but as it is evident that the dating here used is of the old style in which
the year ended on March 25th, in transferring it into the more modern
style, the year will be actually February 1363.

The "Obit" which Alan arranged for in this deed for his own com-
memoration appears to have been kept by the Convent in later years on
the Ides of May. This we learn from an entry in a book preserved in the
British Museum with this title : " The anniversaries to be observed through
the year at their times 2 ." In this list we read : "The Obit of Lord Alan of
Walsingham and of Lord John Craudene Prior in albs a greater festival
on the Ides of May and they have one day."

And as we are aware 3 that Prior Crauden died on the 25th day of
September we may presume that the Ides was the anniversary of Alan's
own death; but whether Alan died in the May of 1363 (new style) or
1364 we have no information. Search has been made in the various docu-
ments in the Rolls Office without any clue being found to the enrolment
of the usual notification forwarded to the King's courts on the death of a
Prior. Entries concerning Prior Crauden's death have been discovered
but no trace of his successor's.

1 The Church of Sudburne came into the possession of Ely in very early days if the
story in the Liber Eliensis is to be trusted. King Edgar gave the Manor of Suthburne to
Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester, on the understanding that he should translate the Rule
of St Benedict from the Latin into the English; this he did (" eo pacto ut ille regulam
Sci. Benedicti in Anglicum idioma de Latino transferret ; qui sic fecit "). Ethelwold
gave it to the Church of St Etheldreda. Liber Eliensis.

2 Ista sunt anniversaria per anni circulum suis temporibus observanda.

Obitus Domini Alani de Walsingham et Domini Iohannis Craudene Prions in albis
maius Idibus Mai et habent i. diem.

British Museum — Additional 33,181, folio 12.

3 Nos quasi desolatos relinquens, viam universae carnis est ingressus Septimo Kalend.
Octobris, a.d. 1341.

Lives of the Bishops of Ely— under Life of Bishop de Montacute.

II — 2

1 64 QpptY&ix C

William Hathfield, Alan's immediate successor as Prior, had a very
brief official career, and John Buckden's name appears as Prior in 1366.

Although at the close of Alan's "compositio," of the three seals origi-
nally attached, not one is now on the document, it is almost certain
that a seal of Alan the Prior which is now in the custody of the Dean
and Chapter is the one which was broken off this deed.

The seal itself has given rise to much discussion ; it carries on either
side of a figure of St Etheldreda, a shield bearing the arms of the see of
Ely, and a shield with the arms of the Montagu family 1 .

From this it has been suggested that Alan himself claimed to belong to
that noble house. The learned in heraldry, however, are of opinion that,
as the Episcopal arms on the one shield cannot assert that Alan was
Bishop of Ely, so the Montagu arms on the other cannot prove him to
have been of the Montagu family. The Montagu shield being in pretence
may be taken merely to represent the fact that Simon de Montacute
had taken part in the promotion of Alan to his position as Prior, and
that Alan used it as an act of courtesy and affection towards his Bishop.

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