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Index to the Apocalypse explained of Emanuel Swedenborg online

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silver and gold, he therefore became an idolater, and after
his death the kingdom was divided (n. 654A).

(See also articles n. 219, 220*, 253^, 277*, 3i6</, 514*, 654*,
7ooi - )

Son, the {FUius), Son of God {FUius Dei), Son of Man {FUius Hominis). —
{See Lord.)

Whereas the Lord was conceived of Jehovah, therefore He
is so often called "the Son of God" in the Word, and
Jehovah is called His "Father" (n. 1069).

The Lord's Human is what is called "the Son of God" (n.
852a,*).

(See also articles n. 200, 4111^, 8i5<r.)

By " the Son of Man " is meant the Lord as to divine truth

(n. 850flr).
By " the Son of Man " {Luke xii. 10) is meant divine truth
such as is in the earths ; thus the Word such as it is in
the natural sense ; and by " the Holy Spirit" is meant the
Lord as to divine truth such as is in the heavens, thus the
Word such as it is in the spiritual sense (n. 7783,^:).

(See articles n. 63, 77, 131a, 146, 151, 200, 267, 272, 294*,
297, 298*, 33te, 376./, 4S5a, so4«, 655*. 687*, 6s9f,
81S0 851, 870.)

By "the beloved Son" is meant the Lord as to divine truth,
who is also called from this " the Word :" that " they cast
Him out of the vineyard and slew Him '' {Luke xx. 15),
signifies that they did this not only to Him but also to
all divine truth that is from Him (n. 3i5<f ; compare n. 83,
594<f).

(See also n. 183c, 309, %\ol,c, ^agd, 4111/, 460, 617^, 61911,

684*, 706*, 8oS^(i.,ii.,vii.,viii.), 815*, 850.1, S$2a,i, Sggi,
906, 907, 922<r.)

(FUius). — {See Born, Daughter, Male.)

Since by " woman " is signified the church, it follows that by
"sons" and "daughters," because they are births, are sig-
nified the truths and goods of the church ; by "sons" its
truths, and by "daughters" its goods ; in a word, that by
all names which belong to marriage and thence to pro-
creation on earth, are signified such things as belong to
the marriage of good and truth (n. 724a).

The Lord's riding on a colt {or son) of an ass, was significa-
tive of royal magnificence (n. 31* ; compare n. 918).'



INDEX OF WORDS.



831



The Lord glorified His Human ; that is, He put off the hu-
man that was from the mother, and put on a Human from
the Father which is the Divine Human. It was from this
that He was not David's son ; and for the same reason
He was not Mary's son, and therefore did not call her
His mother (n. 205).

By "sons of God" {Job xxxviii. 7) are signified divine truths
(n. 502*; compare n. 815;:).

By " sons of youth " (/If. cxxvii. 4) are signified the truths
of the Ancient Church, which were natural truths from
spiritual (n. 724^).

"Sons of the herd" (^Jer. xxxi. 12) are natural truths (n.
374*)-

They are called "sons of delights" {Micah i. 16; see revised
version) ijrom the love of truths and from the enjoyments
thence arising (n. 7241:).

By "the barren that hath not borne," and by "the desolate,"
who shall have many sons {Isa. liv. i), are meant the na-
tions (or gentiles) with whom a church was to be estab-
lished by the Lord (n. 721a) ; "the sons of the desolate"
are the truths which they were to receive (n. 223c).

Jacob's youngest son was called " Benjamin," that is, "the son
of the right hand," because by "son" is signified truth,
and by " right hand " is signified the power of truth fi-om
good ; and in the spiritual world all power belongs to truth
which is fi-om good in the natural man, which truth was
represented by Benjamin (n. 449a).

"The son of a fruitful one by a fountain" (Gen. xlix. 22),
signifies frudtification from truths which are from the
Word (n. 448^, 483*).

"Sons of sons" (Ps. cxxviii. 6) signify truths of doflrine and
their multiplication to eternity (n. 365/).

"Sons of the flock" (^r. xxxi. 12) signify spiritual truths
(n. 374*).

"Sons of Jerusalem" (^^oel iii. 6) are truths of the Word (n.

4330-
By "sons of man" (^Ps. xlix. 2) are signified spiritual truths
whieh are from the Lord through the Word, which are
docSrinals (n. 724^^ ; compare n. 3761^) : in the opposite
sense, "sons of man" (jEzek. xxxi. 14) are they who are
in their own intelligence (n. 654^).

(See also articles n. 63, 280^, 4S&5, 507, 684*, 750^, "jit&d.)

By the sons of Israel was represented the Lord's spiritual
kingdom (n. 433^) : by their wandering in the wilderness
was represented every state of temptations into which they
come who are being regenerated (n. 730^).

(See also articles n. 405<:, 569^, 654*,*, "jooc, 1145.)



832 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

By "sons of Jacob and of Joseph" (Ps. Ixxvii. 15) are meant
those who are in the good of life according to their own
rehgious system; by "Jacob" in the Word is meant the
external church which is with those who are in the good
of life; by "Joseph" are here meant Manasseh and
Ephraim, and by them are meant those who are in good
and truth as to the external man, and thus as to life (n.
448<:).

"Sons of Judah" (^oel iii. 6) are the goods of the Word (n.

4330-
By "son of Jonah" (ybkn xxi. 15-17) is signified truth from

good (n. 443a; compare n. 411^).
By "the sons of Levi" i^Mal. iii. 3) are meant all who are in

the good of charity, and thence are in the good of faith

(n. 444^.
"Sons of light" {John xii. 36) are those who are in truths

(n. 724c).
"Sons of the married wife" {Isa. liv. 3) are truths with those

who are in the church (n. 223;;, 721a).

By " a male son " (" a man-child " in the English versions) (ApOC. xii.

5) is signified the do6trine of truth which is for the new
church called " the New Jerusalem " (n. 707, 7240-^, 725a).

"Sons of nuptials" {Mark ii. 19) are those who are in the
marriage of truth and good from the Lord (n. 724^).

"A son of oil" {Isa. v. i) is truth from good (n. 375«(viii.),

918, 922<:).

By " sons of the east" in the Word are signified knowledges
of good and truth (n. 422^; compare n. 654/).

They who have received the things that are the Lord's, or
which are of peace, are meant (Luke x. 6) by "the sons
of peace" (n. 365*).

"The Father in the heavens" {Matt. v. 45) is the proceeding
Divine; all who receive this are called "sons of the
Father" (n. 644<:).

"The father's sons" {Gen. xlix. 8) are all the truths of the
church (n. 433a).

Since "sons" signify truths, the seeds which fell into good
ground are called by the Lord " Sons of the kingdom "
(n. 724^) : but "the sons of the kingdom" wh<) "shall be
cast out into outer darkness " {Matt. viii. 12), are they who
are of a church where not truths but falsities reign (n. 48).
(See also articles n. 373, 683, 911a.)

" How say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the
son of the kings of old !" {Isa. xix. 11,) signifies that the
wisdom and intelligence of the natural man from the spir-
itual had perished (n. 654A ; compare n. 844).

By "sons of thunder" {Mark iii. 17) are signified truths from
celestial good (n. 82 li).



INDEX OF WORDS. 833

By "sons of a man" ("fiUos viri," rendered in the English versions

"high") (/'j. xlix. 2) are signified rational and natural
truths, which are from the understanding ; thus the un-
derstanding of the Word (n. 'J2i^d).

By "sons of Zion" {jfoel ii. 23) are signified those who are
in genuine truths, through which they have the good of
love (n. 644c ; compare n. 650*, ^^od, 922c).

By "sons of the raven" {Ps. cxlvii. 9) are signified natural
men who from fallacies are in a shady life respedling divine
truths (n. 650^).

By "sons" in the opposite sense are signified falsities (n. 166).

"Sons of the Greeks" (^Joel iii. 6) are falsities (n. 433c).

"Sons of Asshur" {Ezek. xxiii. 9) are reasonings against
truths and goods (n. 654/).

"Sons of Babel" {Ezek. xxiii. 17) are falsities of evil from the
love of self (n. 654/).

By "sons of Ammon" are signified those who are in natural
good and who falsify the truths of the church (n. 6371}).

By "sons of the stranger" (^Ps. cxliv. 11) are meant falsities
(n. 724^ ; compare n. 376^).

" The tares are the sons of the evil [one] " {Matt. xiii. 38), sig-
nifies the falsities with those who are in evil (n. 911a).

"Filius (a son) " represents

BAR, Ps. ii. 12 (n. 6843) :

BAR (Chaldee), Dan. vir. 13 (n. 36) :

N I N, Isa. xiv. 22 (n. 724*) :

BEN, in all other passages of the Old Testament that are here re-
ferred to :

Huios, in all passages of the New Testament to which reference is
here given.
(See passages of the Sacred Scripture in the following arti-
cles : — n. 48, 63, 166, 175a/, 195^, 205, 223c, 240*, 242rf,
27s*. ^rg*. 280^, 282, 294^, 315*, 3i6<i, 340^,^, 357*,*,
36S'5,<', 373. 374*. 37S<v"i). 376<^. 4ot«.*. 403"^. 405^,
ifit)d, 4II<f,«, 412/, \12d, 433a-c, 438, 443a, 444i, 448*,^,
449«, 458*, 502*, 504^, S07, S32. 5SS*.''. 569^, 586, 6i7«,

622^, 624/1, 630*, 637.5, 6441:, 6S0i,e, 652^, 654^-A/, 659^,
683, 684*, 70O<r, 707, yiOa-c, 721a, 724^-^, 7^Sa, 1T,Od,

74irf, 750f, 768*,ar, 799^, %\\b, 815^,^, 821.5, 840, 844,
85oc,rf, 8993, go8, 911a, 918, 922c, 1082, 1133, 114S, 1189.)

$on§. — {See Sing.)

Soothsayer. — {See Sorceries.)

Sorceries {PraesUgiae), Sorcerer, Soothsayer {Praestigiator), Sorcer-
ess (Praestigiatrix). — {See Enchantment, Magic.)

"Sorceries {or witchcrafts) (ksshaphim) " are falsities of evil (n.
3550-

See Isa. xlvii. 9 (n. 1029^) ;
Nahum iii. 4 (n. 355^).



834 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

By "sons of the sorceress (-anan)" {Isa. Ivii. 3) are signified
falsities, from the Word falsified (n. 768«).

Balaam was in heart a sorcerer ; and when he rode upon the
ass, he continually meditated the use of sorceries for the
desti-uftion of the sons of Israel (n. 140). {See Balaam.)

Sore, Ulcer (uicus). — By "sores" ai'e signified evil works that are
from man's proprium, and thus falsifications of truth and
good (n. 992).

Sores and wounds have their existence from some lesion of
the flesh and the blood, and evils and falsities have theirs
from lesion of divine good and divine truth ; and " flesh "
corresponds to good, and hence signifies it in the Word,
and "blood" to truth, and hence signifies it (n. 962).

Ulcerated swellings {or boils, or blotches,) are mentioned
among the appearances in leprosy (n. 962).

It is of eternal statute, or from divine order, that, where there
are not good works there are evil works ; these, there-
fore, are what are signified {Apoc. xvi. 2) by " the sore,
great and noisome" in the earth, or in the church, with
those who are in faith alone both in dodtrine and in life
(n. 963).

" Ulcus (ulcer, sore, boil, blotch,) " represents

SHEcHiN, Exod. ix. 10, II (n. 962);

Lev. xiii. 18, 19 (n. 962) ;

Deut. xxviii. 27 (n. 962) :
HELKos, Apoc. xvi. 2 (ii. 962); versB ii (n. 992).

Sorrow (Maeror). — {See Anxiety, Bring fortii,)

"Maeror (sorrow)" is the rendering of

YAGHON, Ps. CVii. 39 (u. 650*).

Soul, Breatli, Life (Anima). — r. "Soul" in general signifies man.
2. "Soul" specifically signifies the life of the body. 3.
By "soul" is signified the life of the spirit of man, which
IS called his spiritual life. 4. By "soul" is signified the
life of man's understanding, hence faith and understand-
ing. 5. By " soul " is signified divine truth. 6. Whereas
by "soul," when said of the Lord, is signified divine truth,
therefore by "soul" is also signified spiritual life from
truth. 7. By "living soul" is signified life in general (n.
750^-A).

Whereas the Divine that proceeds from the Lord makes the
life of all, therefore this is signified by "soul" in the celes-
tial sense (n. 750A).

Wherever in the Word it is said "soul and heart," by "soul"



INDEX OF WORDS. 835

is signified the life of the understanding, and also the life
of faith: for "soul" [which also means breath'] is said
with reference to the respiration; and by "heart" is sig-
nified the life of the will, also the life of love (n. 622,5,
6963, 745, 750a) : by "soul" in the Word is signified the
life of faith (n. 3281^, 622^, 696^) : by "soul" is signified
the truth of do<5lrine and of faith (n. 696^).

Jehovah is said "to swear by His soul (nephesh) (see margin of
English Bible) " {j^er. U. 14), when He confirms by His own
divine truth ; for "to swear" signifies to confirm, and "the
soul of Jehovah" signifies divine truth (n. 750/). ■

"The soul of man" (^Ezek. XXvii. 13; the English versions have

" persons of men ") is the truth of life (n. 70) : also knowledge
of truth in the natural man (n. 750^) : also scientifics that
serve (n. 1156).
"A soul having appetite" (^Isa. xxix. 8) signifies faith in the
false, from truth's not being understood (n. 750s).

The passages in which the Hebrewr word nephesh occurs are very numer-
ous. The word n'shamah is found in the passages that now follow; in the first
of these it occurs in connexion with nephesh : in these passages the rendering
in the English versions is uniformly "breath" or "breathe."

" The soul (nsshamah) of lives " (the English versions have " The breath

of life"), and "a living soul (nephesh)" (Gen. ii. 7), are
spiritual life (n. 419^; compare n. 183a, 750).

n^shamah is found in the following passages also: — Deut. xx. 16

(n. 7So«) ;
Ps. cl. 6 (n. 75o<f, U97);
Isa. xlii. 5 (n. 294*, 304^; 750/) :
psucHE, which the English versions sometimes render " soul" and

sometimes "life," is found in the following passages, and

in many others : — Matt. x. 28 (n. 6961/, 7Sorf) ; verse 39

(n. 75o<i) ; xvi. 25 (n. 750^) ; verse 26 (u. 328^, 7So</) ;

XX. 28 (n. 328/, 7Soc); xxii. 37 (n. 250c, 597, 7854);
Mark-tm. 35 (n. 612);
Luke i. 46 (n. 7500!) ; ii. 35 (n. 750^) ; ix. 56 (n. 750^) ; x.

27 (n. 750^) ; xii. 19 (n. bvje, 7SOi:) ; verse 20 (n. 7501:);

xiv. 26 (n. 724*) ; xxi. 19 (n. 750^) ;
John X. II (n. 695^, 7SOc) ; verse 17 (n. 900) ; xii. 25 (n.

750^) ; verse 27 (n. 806) ; xiii. 37, 38 (n. 750^) ; xv. 13

(n. 750c) ;



Apoc. vi. 9 (n. 392a) ; viii. 9 (n. Si3a) ; xii. 11 (n. ^loa\ ; xvi.

3 fn. 967); xviii. 13 (n. 1156); verse 14 (u. 1158); xx.

4 (n- 392^)-

The soul of beasts (n. 1201).

It should be known that the souls of beasts are not spiritual

in the same degree in which the souls of men are : the

difference (n. 1201).

The vegetative soul (n. 1203).

(Passages of the Sacred Scripture in which the word " anima "



836 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

occurs may be seen, n. 70, 294*, 304/, i2Sd, JSJc, 365^,
386c,d, 4ogi, 419*, 443* 447, 448^, Si3». 6i7*. 622a, 654c,

7o6</, ']2\a,c, J$Oi-A, J6S6, 900, I156.)

Sound, Tone (Sonus). — (See C/ang.)

Sound corresponds to the affeflions ; and in heaven the affec-
tions are perceived from the tones. And as there are
various affedlions, and as various sounds are given forth by
musical instruments, therefore from correspondence and
consequent concordance musical instruments signify affec-
tions. In general, stringed instruments signify such things
as belong to affeftions for truth, and wind-instruments
such things as belong to affedtions for good ; or, what is
the same, some instruments belong to the spiritual class,
and some to the celestial class. Discrete tones rouse
affedlions for truth, and those that are continuous excite
affeftions for good (n. 323a).

One who has knowledge of the internal sense of the Word,
and at the same time of the sounds of the instruments
named therein, is able to know what affedlion is there sig-
nified and described (n. 326<i).

(See also articles n. 856, 1185, 1216.)

Sour grapes. — {See Wild vine.')

South (Auster). — By "the south (teman)" (yob xxxix. 26) is signi-
fied the life of intelligence (n. 281*).

"And when ye have seen a south wind (notos) blowing, ye
say that there will be scorching heat, and it cometh to
pass" {Liike xii. 55), signifies preaching concerning the
advent of the Lord, and then an influx of divine good (n.
644.).

Hoon {Meridies). — All the quarters in the spiritual world are

determined from the east, where is the Lord as a sun.
All angels and spirits dwell there in quarters accordant
with the quality of their good and truth. They who are
in the good of love to the Lord dwell in the east and
the west there ; and they who are in truths from that
good, dwell in the south and the north (n. 422a).

" The south " is where the truth of faith is in clearness ; " the
north," where it is in obscurity (n. 239.5).

"The south" is a state of light (n. 223.5) ; thus of intelligence

"The south" signifies those who are in spiritual good, and
thence in the light of truth (n. 449*).

"The noon" (Amos viii. 9) signifies where there are knowl-
edges of good, and "the day of light" (or "the clear



INDEX OF WORDS. 837

day") signifies where there are knowledges of truth (n.

"To stumble at noonday as in the twilight" (Isa. lix. lo), is
to wander in falsities, although there is ability to be in
light from the Word (n. 239^).

"Meridies (the south, also noon, noonday,) " represents

NEGHEBH, Nutn. XXXV. 5 (n. 417a) ;

1 Kings vii. 39 (n. 6ooc) ;

Jer. xiii. 19 (n. 223^) ; xxxii. 44 (n. 223c) ; xxxiii. 13 (n.
223c, 449^) ;

Ezek. XX. 46 (n. 412/) ; xlviii. 28 (n. 417a) ;

Dan. viii. 9 (n. 316c); xi. 5, 6 (n. 31a); verse 25 (n. 573^);
verse 40 (n. 355ar) ;

Zech. xiv. 4 (n. 4051/) :
TZOHAR, Ps. xci. 5 (n. 336*);

Isa. Iviii. 10 ^n. -^itd, 750^) ;• lix. 10 (n. 239*) ;

Amos viii. 9 (n. 40W) :
TEMAN, Isa. xliii. 6 (n. 239^, ']2^);

Ezek, XX. 46 (n. 504*);

Zech. ix. 14 (n. 357a, 419/) :
NOTOS, Luke xiii. 29 (n. 252a).

Sour, Sow seed (Seminare). — {See Seed.)

By " the man sowing seed " {Matt. xiii. 24) is meant the Lord
(n. 426). •

" To sow seed " signifies to flow-in, and to receive ; thus it
also signifies to instruct (n. 344^).

"Seminare (to seed, to sow seed,) " represents

ZARA<, yer. xxxi. 27 (n. 433</, 768^) ;

Ezek. xxxvi. 9 (n. 768<i);

Has. ii. 23 (n. 304?, 375<r(viii.), 768^). ;

Zech. X. 9 (n. 768<i'] :
spEiRo, Matt. xiii. 23 (n. 108); verse 24 (n. 3741/, 426); verse
27 (n. 374rf); verse 37 (n. 31a, 374^^).

(Serere). — "To SOW fields" {Ps. cvii. 37) is to be instru(5led

and to receive truths (n. 386^).

"Serere (to sow) " represents

ZARA', Ps. cvii. 37 (n. 3861^) ;

Isa. xxviii. 24 (n. 374c) ; xxxvii. 30 (n. 706c) ;
yer. xii. 13 (n. 304*, 374*).

(Conserere). — " Conserere (to sow)" represents

ZARA', Deut. xxix. 23 (n. 578, 653^);
Isa. XXX. 23 (n. 644c) ;
Ezek. xxxvi. 9 (n. 3042).

Space {spatiuni). — The Divine is not in space, and extended ; but
it makes spaces and extensions to exist in the ultimates
of creation, in the heavens apparently, in the world aftu-
ally. But still spaces and extensions are not such be-



838 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

fore God; for He is in His own Divine, everywhere (n.
1222).

•Material things in themselves are fixed, stated, and measur-
able ; fixed, because they are permanent, howsoever the
states of men are changed ; stated because they constantly
recur in their turn ; and measurable, because they can all
be defined, as spaces by miles and furlongs : but in the
spiritual world all things are as if fixed, as if stated, and
as if measurable ; but still, in themselves they are not so.
An accessory [element], as an outer covering, has been
given from the sun of the world to the things that are in
the natural world, from which they have been made ma-
terial, fixed, stated, and measurable (n. 1218).

The sight is present with the objedl that is seen. That this
appears far off" or at a distance, is from the intermediate
objefls that are seen at the same time, and which can be
measured as to space. In the spiritual world spaces are
themselves appearances arising from diversity of affeftions
and the thoughts from them : wherefore when persons or
things appear far away, and an angel or spirit wishes to
meet those who are there, or to examine the things that
• are there, forthwith he is present there (n. 282).

(See articles n. 25, 870, 1219.)

Span {Spithama). — Just arrangement and estimation of all things in
heaven and the church, according to the quality of their
good and truth, are described (^Isa. xl. 12) by certain
measures (n. 373) : "the handful (or 'hollow of the
hand')," "the span (zereth)," and "the measure by three

(the Vulgate reads, ' tribus digitis ' with three fingers)," have a Simi-
lar signification with "measures," and also with "the
hand ;" namely, the quality of a thing, and one's own
power. "To mete out {exaequare, takhan,) heaven with the
span," signifies to arrange the heavens (n. 629^).

Spare (Parcere). — That the false destroys good, is meant (Isa. ix.
19) where it is said, " They will not spare a man his
brother" (n. 386*).

" Parcere (to spare)" is the rendering of

CHOS, Isa. xiii. 18 (n. 710c, 724.:) :
CHAMAL, Isa. ix. 19 (n. 3861});
Jer. li. 3 (n. 573*).

Spark, Fiery shafts [Scintilla). — As man's proprium takes-in all
evil and falsity, and by means of them destroys all that is
good and all that is true, it is therefore said {Isa. i. 31),
" The strong shall be as tow, and his work as a spark
(hitzotz) and they shall both be burned together" (n. 504O.



INDEX OF WORDS. 839

"There brake He the fiery shafts (resheph) of the bow, the
shield and the sword and the battle " (Ps. Ixxvi. 3 ; see re-
vised version), signifies the dissipation of all the combat of
falsities of do(5&ine against good and truth (n. 365/; see

also n. 357''i where instead oi" scintillas" we find "nervos," sinews).

Sparrow (Passer). — "Five sparrows (strouthion) " are mentioned
{Luke xii. 6, 7), because thereby"is meant what is small in
number and of little value, in comparison with men ; for
it is next said that men "are of more value than many
sparrows" (n. 548).

Speak \Loqui), Speech (Loqueia). — "Speaking" signifies affeflion,
thought, do<5lrine, and preaching. The reason why
"speaking" signifies these things, is, that all man's speech
is from affedlion and the thought therefrom ; the affeflion
itself is expressed by the sound {or tone), and the thought
by the expressions of the speech (n. 817a; compare n.
1216).
The tone manifests both the quality and the measure of the
affedtion ; and this more clearly in' the spiritual world than
in the natural (n. 393).

In the case of some who are confirming by the Word the
separation of faith from life, there flows-in something holy
into the natural love of the one speaking or preaching
from the Word, which love excites the thought that is
nearest to speech (n. 832).

Spiritual speech is not like human speech. All things are
expressed according to the ideas, concerning things and
concerning persons ; and the ideas fall into words (n. 148).

It is believed by many that man may be taught by the Lord
through spirits speaking with him ; but they who believe
this, and wish to have it so, do not know that it is joined
with danger to their souls. As soon as spirits begin to
speak with man, they come out of their spiritual state into
the man's natural state ; and then they know that they are
with the man, and they conjoin themselves with the
thoughts of his affeftion, and speak with him from those
thoughts. None but spirits who are like the man speak
with him, or manifestly operate upon him ; for manifest
operation is coincident with speech. When a man be-
lieves that the Holy Spirit is speaking with him, or is
operating in him, the spirit also believes himself to be the
Holy Spirit {of which more may be seen, n. 1182).

(See also articles n. 228, 262, 365^, 602, 603, 794. In the pas-
sages of the Old Testament which are quoted in these
articles, " loqui" to speak, represents dabhar; in the
passages of the New Testament, it represents laleo.)



840 APOCALYPSE EXPLAINED.

Spear {Has/a). — (See Lance.)

"Weapons," "shield," "buckler," "bows," "javelins," "hand-
staves," and "spear (romach)" (Ezek. xxxix. 9), are all
things that belong to dodbrine (n. 257 ; compare n. z^Td).

By "spear" in the opposite sense is signified the false of evil
destroying good (n. 357O.

That there will not be combat from any falsity of evil, is signi-
fied {Ps. xlvi. 9) where it is said that " the spear (ch«nith)
shall be cut off" (n. 357^).

"The lightning of the spear {or 'the glittering spear') " {Hab.
iii. 11) signifies illusive goods, which in themselves are
evils of the false (n. 401^).

" Hasta (a spear)" is the rendering of

cH'NiTH, Ps. XXXV. 3 (ii. 734^) ; Ivii. 4 (n. 131^) :
KiDHON, Jer. vi. 23 (n. 3S7c).

Speech, Word (Serme). — {See Speak.)

"The speech of Jehovah" {Ps. cv. 19) signifies divine good
from which is divine truth (n. ^9d).

" The spirit of Jehovah and His speech " (2 Sam. xxiii. 3)
signify divine truth (n. 41 is).

" The words {or discourses) of the mouth " {Ps. xix. 14) sig-



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