Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

. (page 1 of 104)
Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 1 of 104)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


\



/






EMMA E. PORTER.




HISTORY



OF



MARSHALL COUNTY



KANSAS



ITS PEOPLE, INDUSTRIES AND INSTITUTIONS



By

EMMA E. PORTER



With Biographical Sketches of Representative Citizens and
Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families



ILLUSTRATED



1917 ^
B. F. BOWEN & COMPANY, Inc.
Indianapolis, Indiana



?







THE HEW •OI'.K
™Ln LIBRARY

684084A

ASTOR, LENOX AhiD
TILDEN POUtNDATIONS

R ies3 r



DEDICATION.
This work is respectfully dedicated to

THE PIONEERS,

long since departed. May the memory of those who laid down their burdens

by t!ie wayside ever l^e fragrant as the breath of summer

flowers, for their toils and sacrifices have made

Marshall County a garden of sun-

sln'ne and delights.



PUBLISHERS' PREFACE



All life and achievement is evolution; present wisdom comes from past
experience, and present commercial prosi>erity has come only from past exer-
tion and sacrifice. The deeds and motives of the men who have gone before
. have been instrumental in shaping the destinies of later communities and
states. The development of a new country was at once a task and a privi-
lege. It required great courage, sacrifice and privation. Compare the pres-
ent conditions of the people of Marshall county, Kansas, with what they were
sixty years ago. From a trackless wilderness and virgin land, the county has
come to be a center of prosperity and civilization, with millions of wealth,
systems of railways, educational and religious institutions, varied industries
and immense agricultural and dairy interests. Can any thinking person be
insensible to the fascination of the studv which discloses the aspirations and
efforts of the early pioneers who so strongly laid the foundation upon which
has been reared tlie magnificent prosperity of later days? To perpetuate the
story of these people and to trace and record the social, religious, educational,
political and industrial progress of the community from its first inception, is
the function of l.he local historian. A sincere purpose to preserve facts and
personal memoirs that are deserving of perpetuation, and which unite the
present to the past, is the motive for the present publication. The publishers
desire to extend their thanks to those who have so faithfullv labored to this
end. Thanks are also due to the citizens of Marshall county, for the uniform
kindness with which they have regarded this undertaking-, and for their many
services rendered in the gaining of necessary information.

In placing the "History of Marshall County, Kansas," before the citizens,
the publishers can conscientiously claim that they have carried out the plan
as outlined in the prospectus. Every biographical sketch in the work has
been submitted to the party interested, for correction, and therefore any
error of fact, if there be any, is solely due to the person for whom the sketch
was prepared. Confident that our effort to please will fully meet the appro-
bation of the public, we are,

Respectfully,

THE PUBLISHERS.



CONTENTS



CHAPTER I— GEOLOGY, ORNITHOLOGY AND FLORA 35

Natural Resources — Altitude — Drainage — Limestone and Gypsum Deposits —
Precious Stones — Forestry — Oil Prospects — Farming — Prehistoric Evidences
— Passing of the Wild Fowl — Exit of the Eagle — Cry of the Whippoorwill
No Longer Heard — Native Flowers — The Pre-eminent Sunflower — The First
Dandelion — Wild Flowers Rapidly Disappearing — Goldenrod and the Sweet
Wild Rose Regarded as Favorite Flowers.

CHAPTER II— EARLY EXPLORATIONS _«_ 42

Myths of the Spanish Explorers — "The Seven Cities" — Stories of the Land
of Cibola — Nuno de Guzman's Expedition After Gold — Expedition of De-
Narvaez — Francisco Vasquex de Coronado and His Quest into Quivera —
Line Between Kansas and Nebraska — Pawnee Indians — A Link with the
Past — Origin of "Kansas" — The Kansa or Kaw Tribe of Indians — Kansas
Sold to the United States — Spaniards Attempt Invasion — The Grand Village
des Canzes — Lewis and Clark Expedition — Aboriginals Moved to Reservation
— The Old Kaw Trail and the Indian Agency.

CHAPTER III— INDIANS IN MARSHALL COUNTY 49

In the Days of Coronado — Pawnees and Wichitas^Limitless Hunting
Grounds — Evidences of Aboriginal Battles — Old War Weapons Found —
Indian Trail Crossed the Vermillion — Longest Trail in North America —
Later the Alormon Trail — Route of the Gold Seekers — Immigrant Trains
Cross the Plains — The Otoe Indians — Depredations of Redskins — Indians
Abduct Girl — Massacre of the Cassel Party — Panic Among Early Settlers —
Militia Mustered — Six Victims of Murderous Redskins — Effective Defense
Made — Aboriginals Driven West.

CHAPTER IV— SETTLEMENT OF MARSHALL COUNTY 56

The Pioneer — "Westward Ho!" — A Generation of Heroic Mold — Old Set-
tlers' Reunion Association — Mrs. Travelute's Recollections — First Missionary
Among the Indians — New England Aid Company — \^irtue of the Kansas
Pioneer Homes — Privations and Sacrifices — Loneliness of the Women — Pio-
neer Farmer's Wife — Homesickness and Regret — Pleasures Offset Privations
— House-Warmings and Other Social Activities — "Joy-Riding" in Ox-
Wagons — Reminiscences of Frank J. Alarshall — Territorial Government —
Indians Become Impatient — Some Facts Not Recorded in History — Some of
the Earliest Settlers — Pioneers on the Vermillion — J. M. Watson's Remin-
iscences — Eli Punteney's Recollections — The W^alker Family — The Hutchin-
sons — Cyclone Visits Pioneers — Pony Express and Overland Stage — Descrip-
tion of a Pioneer "Ball" — Settlers Share Hardships and Privations — Palmetto
Town Company — Brief Mention of Early Settlers — Early Opposition to
Slavery — Some First Events.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER \— COUNTY AND TOWN ORGANIZATION 98

Territorial Organization — Annexation of Texas — The Slavery Question —
Northern Discontent Increased — Prelude to Civil War — Missions Estab-
lished — Location of Marshall County — Kansas-Nebraska Act — The Many-
Sided Frank J. Marshall — Dimensions of Marshall County— Marysville Made
a Postoffice — Gradual Increase in Population — Marysville Created the County
Seat — Rivals Make Charges of Fraud — County Seat Fight Reopened — Court
House — Old Stone Jail— County Infirmary — Officials of County — Organiza-
tion of Townships — General Tax Levy and Valuation Statistics — Township
Officials.

CHAPTER VI— CITY OF AIARYSVILLE 115

Big Blue Crossing in ISSQ— Marshall's Ferry — Marysville Town Company —
Incorporation of City in 1861 — First Saw Mill — Bridge Erected in 1863 —
"Rough and Even Desperate Men" — Open Saloons Were Numerous — Noto-
rious Stopping place on Great Overland Trail — Industries — Excelsior Mills
and Capt. Perry Hutchinson — Prominent Business Firms — -The Community
House — Marysville Turnverein— Some Prominent Visitors — Old-Time Theat-
ricals — Bands — Cemetery — Volunteer Fire Department — Business Life of
Marysville — Present Business Concerns — Maennerchor — Commercial Club —
Women's Clubs — Railroad Items.

CHAPTER VII— CITY OF BLUE RAPIDS 139

Origin and Development — ^The Genesee Colony — Blue Rapids Town Com-
pany — Land Taken Rapidly — "Colonial Hall" — First Business House — Indus-
tries — Waterworks Early Established — -Waterpower Gives Impetus to New
Town — Directory of 1870 — Further Development — Blue Rapids in 1872 —
Ladies' Library Association — Business Interests in 1880 — Incorporation —
Grasshopper Invasion — Some First Events — Postoffice Established in 1859 —
John AlcPherson's Recollections — Jason Yurann — Fairmount Cemetery —
Present Business Interests — The Oldest Settler.

CHAPTER VIII— CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES 155

Axtell — The St. Joseph Town Company — "Shoestring" Dickinson — Colony
from Iowa — Progressive Community — Current Business Interests — Barrett —
The Ohio Town Company — A. G. Barrett's Mill in 1857 — Coming of the
Railroad — Beattie — Named for Mayor of St. Joseph — Some First Events —
Current Business Interests — Bigelow — Named for General Bigelow — Lime-
stone Quarries Opened in 1881 — Bremen — Laid Out by Henry Brennecke
in 1886 — Destroyed by Fire in 1908 — Garden — Founded on the Garden Farm
— Four Families in Village — Citj- of Frankfort — Organized in 1867 — First
City Election in 1875 — Old Nottingham Postoffice — Frankfort's Commercial
and Industrial Interests — Herkimer — Destroyed by Fire in 1902 and Rebuilt
— Village of Hull — One General Store — Irving — Organized by lowans in 1859
— Incorporated in 1871 — Cyclone of 1879 — Business Interests in 1917 — Lillis —
Marietta — Mina — Oketo — Governed by Women — Palmetto Town Company —
Schroyer — Summerfield- Vermillion; — Mutual Improvement Club^Girl Band
— Farm and Home Institute — Vliets — Waterville — Incorporated in 1870 —
Winifred — County Seat in 1858, Under Name of "Sylvan" — Flag Stations —
Lost and Abandoned Towns.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER IX— FOREIGN ELEMENTS IN MARSHALL COUNTY 209

Bohemians — John Pecenka — First Homestead Entry — Caravan of Prairie
Schooners — Danes — John Nelson — Germans - G. H. Hollenberg — Prominent
in Business Life — Swiss — The Thomans — The Helvetia Society — Samuel
Forter — Swedes — Peter Froom — Two Swedish Settlements — The Irish — •
"There's a Bower of Roses by Bendemeer's Stream" — St. Bridget's — Irish
Creek — First Homesteader — Daniel Donahy — Some Names on the Honor
Roll.

CHAPTER X— RAILWAYS OF MARSHALL COUNTY 234

St. Joseph & Grand Island Railroad — First Rails Laid in 1860 — Railroad
Improvements — Union Pacific System — St. Joseph & Western Railroad —
Marysville, Palmetto & Roseport Railroad — Northern Kansas Railroad
Company — St. Joseph & Denver City Railroad — Central Branch Union
Pacific Railroad — Atchison & Pike's Peak Railroad Company — Marysville &
Blue Valley Railroad — Topeka, Onaga & Marysville Branch — Topeka "Cut-
off" — Public Roads — Ocean-to-Ocean Highway — "The White Way" — Blue
Valley Interstate Highway — Good-Roads Campaign.

CHAPTER XI— AGRICULTURE AND STOCK RAISING 243

"The Plowman Slowly Moves Along the Furrow's Mellow Wake" — Cattle —
Breeding of Live Stock — Tribute to the Cow — Herd Law — First Herefords —
Some Early Breeders and Graziers — Shorthorns — Importers of Holsteins —
Consistent Champion of Angus Cattle — Creameries — Blue Valley Creamery
Company — Breeds for Dairy Purposes — The Horse — Introduction of High-
Grade Normans — Percheron — Clydesdale — English Coach — Eflfect of Drought
of 1894 — Horses Given Away — Auto vs. Horse — Sheep Being Introduced —
Hogs—Cholera Eradication Station — Poultry — Marshall County Farm Bu-
reau — 1916 Corn Contest — Farmers' Educational and Co-operative Union —
Farm Produce Contest — Stock Show and Fair Association — Horse Racing a
Thing of the Past — Women's Work at County Fair.

CHAPTER XII— MILITARY HISTORY 261

"Littlfr Green Tents"— -War of the Rebellion — Letter from a Soldier Boy —
Seventh Kansas Cavalry — First Soldier Killed — Tribute to Loyalty — Coun-
ty's Contribution to Union Cause — Raising the Union Flag — County Armed
Against Indians — Marysville Recruiting Station — Many Minor Skirmishes in
County — Thirteenth Kansas Infantry — Second Kansas Cavalry — Civil War
Veterans — War With Spain — Veterans of Spanish-American War — War of
1917— Marshall County No "Slacker"— "The Flag Goes By."

CHAPTER XIII— POLITICAL HISTORY 274

Reminiscences — Edwin C. Manning — State Officials from Marshall County —
Marshall County Men in Federal Service — Early Elections — First Election
in Spring of 1855 — Liberal Construction on Law — Only Two Free-State Men
in County — Voters Come in Droves — Vote on the Lecompton Constitution —
Endless String of "Repeaters" — Voted St. Louis City Directory — "Free Bal-
lot and a Fair Count" Meaningless Phrase — Ballot Box Stuffing Extraordi-
nary — Political Parties — A Populistic Blunder — Marshall County a Judicial
"No Man's Land" — Kansas Territorial Council — Members of Legislature
from This County — State Senators from This District.



CONTENTS.

CHAPTER Xl\'— SCHOOLS OF MARSHALL COUNTY 282

High Educational Standard — First School House in 1859 — School District
No. 1, Barrett — No Pupils for First School — Private, or "Select" Schools —
Efforts Toward Higher Education — Wetmore Institute — Deer Creek School
— Standard Rural School— Some Early Teachers — Early Parochial Schools —
First School in Cottage Hill — Marysville Public Schools— Blue Rapids
Schools — First School Conducted in Dwelling House — Irving School Notes
— Other Town Schools — The Old Log School House — Superintendents of
Public Instruction — School Teachers of the Current Year — County Board of
Examiners — Officers of County Teachers' Association — School Boards Asso-
ciation — School Statistics — Gold Medal Awards — Honor Students and the
Honor Roll — John McDonald and His "Western School Journal."

CHAPTER XV— CHURCHES IN MARSHALL COUNTY 300

First Religious Service Held in Saloon — Methodist Episcopal Church — Or-
ganizations in Various Towns in County — Presbyterian Churches — Chris-
tian Churches (Church of Christ) — Baptist Churches — Colored Baptists —
Episcopal Churches — Lutheran and Evangelical Churches — United Presby-
terians — Congregationalists — Free Methodist Church — Universalists — Chris-
tian Scientists — Pentecost Church — Catholic Churches of the County.

CHAPTER XVI— FRATERNAL ORDERS, SOCIETIES AND CLUBS 348

Independent Order of Odd Fellows — Knights of Pythias — Ancient Order of
United Workmen — Alodern Woodmen of America — Royal Neighbors of
America — Knights and Ladies of Security — Knights of Honor — Degree of
Honor — Knights of Columbus — Fraternal Aid Union — Triple Tie Benefit
Association — Catholic Mutual Benefit Association — Grand Army of the Re-
public — Woman's Relief Corps — Ladies of the G. A. R. — Sons of Veterans —
Young Men's Christian Association — Woman's Christian Temperance Union
— Ancient Free and Accepted Masons — Royal Arch Masons — Knights Tem-
plar — Order of the Eastern Star.

CHAPTER XVII— THE MEDICAL PROFESSION 383

Fragments of Records, Memories and Traditions — Preventive Medicine of
the Aboriginal — Health from the Waters — The Indian Medicine Man — Pa-
trons of Nature's Dispensatory — System of Counter-Irritation — Curing the
Sick — ^Alcove Springs a Health Resort — Amputation Under Difficulties —
Grandmother's Remedies — Neighbor Helped Neighbor — The First Babies —
Chills and Fever — First Doctor in County — An "Egyptian's" Remedies,
"Lopopahirum" and "Hipopalorum" — Quacks of the Other Days — Tribute to
the Faithful Family Doctor — Penalty for "Fee-Splitting" — Advance of Med-
ical Science — County Medical Society — Macbeth on Medicine — Physicians of
Marshall County — Retrospective — "Every Cradle Asks Us Whence and
Every Coffin Whither."

CHAPTER XVIII— BENCH AND BAR 398

Judicial Districts Defined in 1855 — Marshall County in Third District —
First Territorial Legislature at Pawnee — Third District Bar Organized —
First Court in Marysville — First Sheriff Shot by Desperado — County Placed
in Second Judicial District in 1860 — A Celebrated Case — Attorneys of Rec-



CONTENTS.

orcl — Twelfth Judicial District Created in 1871 — ^Strong Bar in Those Days
— Twenty-first Judicial District Created in 1888 — Attorneys of the Present
Day — Marshall Countj^ Bar Association — Story of First Suit in County^
Challenged to a Duel — A "Bar" Story — Jolly Disciples of Blackstone.

CHAPTER XIX— BANKS AND BANKING 408

Substantial Assets of County — Twenty-eight Banks — Record of But Three
Failures — County Ranks Second in State — Early Banking in County — List
of Present Banks and Officiary of Same — Banker Saves Currency Burned
to a Crisp.

CHAPTER XX— MARSHALL COUNTY PRESS 416

First Kansas Banner Was a Newspaper — True Pioneer Instinct Displayed —
First Paper in Alarshall County — "The Palmetto Kansan" — Early Newspaper
Plant Scattered by a Cyclone — Loyalists Destroy Pro-Slavery Paper — News-
papers That Have Come and Gone — List of Present Newspapers in the
County — Interesting Sidelights on Old-Time Editors.

CHAPTER XVI— MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS OF INTEREST 423

Sidelights on Various Matters of Historic Interests — Young Men's Christian
Association — Independence Crossing — Alcove Springs — Postoffices in Coun-
ty — Nomenclature of Towns — Great Prairie Fire — Terrific Cyclone of 1879 —
Cottage Hill Cemetery — Marshall County and the World's Fair — Grasshop-
pers — First Homestead Patent Granted — "Tremble" — Tragedies — Dark
Deeds of Frontier Life — Summary Retribution — Loyal Alan Murdered by
Traitor — Murdered for His Gold— Horse Thief Hanged — The Pennington
Murder — Murder of Under-SherifT — Paroled Murderer Holding State Job.

CHAPTER XXII— SIDELIGHTS ON MARSHALL COUNTY HISTORY 439

Fremont's Expedition— Mormon Meanderings — The Overland Stage — Some -
Notable Travelers— The Oketo Cut-off — Bad Feeling Between Oketo and
Marysville — Alail Service Discontinued— Price of Obstinancy — The Pony
Express — Early Day Advertising — White Stump Swimming Hole — Story of
Grandma Keyes — The Old Musician — "Tell Ale the Tales That Were So
Dear" — Disaster Follows Night of Pleasure — An Improvised Concert— A
Matter of Life and Death — Obe French — George Guittard — William Alex-
ander Calderhead — G. H. Hollenberg — L'Envoi — "Tarry a Little; There is
Something Alore."



HISTORICAL INDEX



A

Abandoned Highway to Wealth 260

Advertising in Early Days 444

Afton 208

Agricultural and Stock Raising 243

Alcove Springs 385, 462

Alfalfa Introduced in 1872 248

Altitude of Marshall County 35

Ambitious School Plan Failed 174

Amputation Under Difficulties 386

Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. 362
Ancient Order of United Workmen. 352

Angus Cattle Breeders 246

A Prideful Institution 121

Arkaketah, Otoe Indian Chief 179

Armed Against Indians 53, 266

Armour 208

Arrow Heads and Spear Heads 49

Ash Point 208

Atchison & Pike's Peak Railroad— 239
Attorneys of Marshall County - 400, 403

Automobile Fire Apparatus 131

Automobiles Encourage Better

Roads 241

Automobiles in Marshall County — 242

Automobiles Ruin Village 186

Auto vs. Horse 251

Ayersville 205

Axtell Citizens Bank _.— 408

Axtell, City of—

Admirable Location 157

Business Interests 157

Cemetery 158

Chautauqua 156

Churches 305. 310

Fire Department 156

First School 156

Laid Out in 1872 155

Miscellaneous 158

Origin and Development 155



Axtell, City of — Continued.

Park 156

Postoffice 155

Some First Events 155

The Deep River Colony 155

B

Babies Mixed at Dance 84

"Bad Alen" Shooting Up the Town. 118

Balderson Township 112

Ballot-Box Stuffing Extraordinary- 278

Bands at the County Seat 125

Bank Burglars Frustrated 410

Bank Destroyed by Fire 409

Bank Notes Saved from Fire 164

Bank of Frankfort, The 410

Banks and Banking 408

Barrett, A. G. 159

Barrett, Village of 159

Baptist Churches —

At Marysville 314

At Blue Rapids 314

At Frankfort 315

At WaterVille 316

At Winifred 316

Beattie, Village of —

Business Interests 161

Churches 307

Named for A. Beattie 160

Postoffice 161

Some First Events 160

Stone Quarries 160

Townsite Platted in 1870 160

Bench and Bar 398

Bennett's Station 206

Big Blue City 206

Big Blue Crossing 115

Big Blue River 35

Bigelow Quarries Exhausted 163

Bigelow State Bank 410



HISTORICAL INDEX.



Bigelow Township 112

Bij^elow, \'illage of —

Business Interests 163

Churclies 163

First Resident 163

First School 162

Founded in 1881 162

Stone Quarries 162

Birds of Marshall County 40

Blanchville 206

Blizzard Claims Victim 198

Blue Rapids, City of —

Business Development 143

Business Directory 151

Cemetery 150

Churches 302

Colonial Hall 139

Directory of 1880 145

First Business House 140

First Postmaster 140

Genesee Colony, The 139

Grasshoppers 147

Incorporation 146

Industries 141

Library Association 144

Oldest Settler 154

Origin and Development 139

Postoffice 148

Residents in 1870 142

Schools 287

Situation in 1872 143

Some First Events 147

Town Company 139

Waterpower Site 141

Blue Rapids City Township 112

Blue Rapids Town Companj- 139

Blue Rapids Township 112

Blue Valley Creamery Company 259

Blue Valley Interstate Highway 242

Breaks Through Into Dugout 21*3

"Bob White" Becomes a Rarity '40

Bohemian Cemetery 215

Bohemians in Marshall Count}' 209

Boyakin, Dr. W. F. 88

Breeding of Live Stock 243

Bremen State Bank 409

Bremen, Village of —

Bank Notes Redeemed 164

Business Interests 164

Destroj'ed by Fire 164



Bremen, Village of — Continued.

First Events 163

Laid Out in 1886 163

Population of 163

Successful Insurance Company 165

Brenneke, Henry 163

Bridge at Schroyer 186

Brown, C. J. 154

Brown. J. B. 153

Brown, Walter P. 154

"Bryan" Was Rejected 170

Bucket Brigade Not Effectual 128

Buffalo Driven to Death 50

Buffalo Had His Day 40

Burglars Break from Jail 108

Business Firms of Marysville 120

Business Interests at Axtell 157

Business Interests of Garden 165

Business Interests of Frankfort 169

Business Interests of Lillis 177

Business Interests of Marietta 178

Business Life of Marysville 131

Bygones are Now Bj^gones 107



Calderhead, William Alexander 454

Garden, Village of 165

Cashier Siezed Robber's Gun 410

Catholic Churches —

St. Joseph's at Lillis 329

Holy Family at Summerfield 330

St. Michael's, Axtell 331

St. Monica's, Waterville 332

St. Elizabeth's, Irving 333

St. Malachy's, Beattie 334

St. Bridget's Parish 335

Annunciation Parish, Frankfort__ 338

St. Gregory's, Marysville 340

St. Wencesclaus 346

Catholic Mutual Benefit Association 358

Cats, the Price of 71

Cattle in Marshall County i_- 243

Cedar Falls 206

Celebrated Legal Case 400

Center of Social Activity - - 121

Center Township 113

Central Branch (U. P.) Railroad__- 239

Challenged to Fight Duel 404

Charges of Fraudulent Voting Made 104



HISTORICAL INDEX.



Charred Bank Notes Redeemed - - 164

Chills, A "Cure" for 390

Cholera Eradication Station—^ 252

Christian Churches —

At Bigelow -312

Balderson ■312

Beattie 312

Irving 31-

Vermillion 313

Waterville 313

Churches of Marshall County 300

Church of Christ (Scientist) - - i21

Church Twice Destroyed 339

Cities, Towns and Villages 155

Citizens State Bank of Blue Rapids 409

Citizens Bank of Frankfort 411

Citizens State Bank of Home City- 411
Citizens State Bank, Marysville __- 413
Citizens State Bank. Waterville - _ 415
City and Town Property Valuation 110

City Hopes Soon Abandoned 173

City of Axtell 155

City of Blue Rapids 139

City of Frankfort 166

City of Marysville » 115

City of Oketo 179

City of Summerfield 187

City of Waterville 196

Civil War Period 261

Civil War Veterans in County 268

Clothing of the Pioneers 61

Clear Fork Township 113

Cleveland Township 113

Coal Beds in Marshall County 36

"Colonel Sellers's" Prototype 149

"Colonial Hall" 139

Commercial Club at Frankfort 168

Commercial Club at Marysville 134

Coming of the Railroad 74

Community House at Marysville — 121

Congregational Church 326

Contribution to Union Cause 265

Coon, John V. l^''

"Copperhead" Society, the 389

Corn Contest of 1916 254

Coronado's Coming to Kansas 45

Cottage Hill 307

Cottage Hill Cemetery 1 431

Cottage Hill School District 285

Cottage Hill Township 113



Cottonwood Trees former "Mon-
archs" 36

County and Township Organization 98

County Bar Association 403

County Board of Examiners 296

County Fairs 2^8

County Infirmary 109

County Jail 108

County Medical Society 394



Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 1 of 104)