Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

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Marysville, who was one of the strong Marysville men.

It was firmly fixed in the minds of the contestants that the opposition
would bear watching and for that reason each of the contestants had com-
mittees at each voting place in the county to watch and report irregularities.
J. S. Magill, W. H. Smith and Frank Linn were the committee from Marys-
ville sent to watch at Frankfort, where they arrived the day before the elec-
tion in a light wagon with a good team of horses.

ELECTION BOARD STARTS WORK AT THREE A. M.

At the suggestion of Magill, all three arose at three o'clock a. m., on
the morning of election day, to make sure that they should not be caught
napping. After a short search they discovered a light in a small building
in the rear of a lumberyard, where they found the election board already at
work. The clerks were registering names on the poll books, which names
were read from a prepared list by Frank Love. Noticing that no ballots were
being deposited, the Marysville committee concluded that the ballots had been
previously placed in the box and promptly insisted that no more names be
registered unless a ballot was furnished by an actual voter. After this the
Marysville committee kept at least one man at these polls during the whole
time of voting to see that there was no fraud.

When the counting of votes drew to a close, Linn was ordered to get
the team and wagon ready for a run to Marysville on short notice. Magill
and Smith were in the room where the votes were being counted. After the
list of names on the poll books had been exhausted there remained a great
number of ballots for which there were no names on the poll books. One
of the judges, Jacob Weisbach. asked the board what should be done with
the ballots for which there were no names. W. H. Smith instantly picked
up the ballots saying 'T will take care of them," hurried from the room and
with Magill and Linn got into their wagon and made a quick run to Marys-



I06 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

ville. arriving there in time for l)reakfast with a posse from l^'rankfort in
pursuit. Magill was a lawyer and on the way home had planned what to do
with the ballots. They were taken to C. V. Koester, notary public; affidavits
were made as to the manner in which the ballots were obtained, then bal-
lots and affidavits were sealed and deposited in the safety vault of the Exchange
Bank.

After ]\Iarysville had Ijeen declared the elected county seat by the county
commissioners, Frankfort attempted to get redress in court, but being unable
to enter court with "clean hands," her suit was not accepted and Marysville
has remained the county seat since.

After the election of 1871, court was held in the Waterson hall until
1874, when in February of that year a contract was let to George F. Hamil-
ton by the township of Marysville, for the erection of a new court house.
The building was a two-story brick, fifty by sixty-five feet, and cost fifteen
thousand dollars. On the first floor were a large corridor and six offices occu-
pied Ijy county officials. The upper fioor was occupied by the court room, four
offices and jury room. This court house served the county until the night of
December 31, 1890, when it was totally destroyed by what has always been
believed to have been an incendiarv fire.

COUNTY SEAT FIGHT REOPENED.

This fanned the embers of the old county-seat fight and plans were
made, before the smoke had cleared, at Frankfort and Blue Rapids to unseat
IMarysville.

A plan was formed by Blue Rapids to redistrict the county, taking the
entire northwestern tier of townships and adding them to Washington county.
Blue Rapids would have been more centrally located and Marysville would
have been pushed to the extreme western boundary. It was said that the
ever fertile and resourceful mind of Jason Yurann devised the scheme, but
however that may be, the plan met with no encouragement in the Legislature
and died in infancy.

It is certain there was enough activity in the south half to arouse the
people of Marysville and the city agreed to build the court house. Fifteen
thousand dollars was raised by subscription and bonds to the amount of
twenty-five thousand dollars were voted and the splendid court house which
now stands on the site of the building destroyed by fire was erected in 1891
and donated by the city of Marysville to the county of Marshall.

On Julv 23, 1 89 1, the corner stone was laid with imposing ceremonies,




Marshall county's first
1911. At the right of the
lumber for this building- in
metto town company. Mr.
built his fir.st log cabins in
door from right to left are



court house, as it appeared just before it wa.s torn down in
picture stands R. Y. Shibley, who sawed and furnished the
1860, and who is the last living member of the original Pal-
Shibley still resides on the exact site where Frank ilarshall
1852, which constituted the town of Marysville. Men in the
Guy Rice, owner of the building. Earl Scott and Frank Schu-
macher, carpenters who tore it down. In front of large window from right to left are
August Leifheit and Frank Wagner, who once kept saloon in the building.




Old Bariett Hotel, Marysville, built in 1859 by A. G. Bai'rett and for many years the
finest and most noted hotel on the Overland stage route. Site now occupied by White
Brothers' brick block, corner of Eighth and Broadway.




MARSHALL COUNTY COURT HOUSE, MARYSVILLE.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. IO7

Hon. Lew Hanback delivered the address. The Masons of Marysville served
a three-course luncheon to all visitors in Turner hall garden on that day, of
Avhich more than five hundred people partook.

All the feuds and animosities created by the county-seat fight belong to
a past generation. It is doubtful if the location of the county seat brought
as much prestige to Marysville as its partisans hoped, or that the loss of it
worked any material hardship to the south half. Certainly, one good gyp-
sum mill at Blue Rapids repaid the loss and the splendid business city of
Frankfort has long since forgotten that the "pot used to call the kettle black."

COUNTY COURT HOUSE.

Marshall county had no court house prior to August, 1862. County
officers either carried on the business of their respective offices in their own
private offices or at some other available place in Marysville.

In i860 the Southern Methodists built a church on the corner of Fifth
and Laramie streets on lots 7 and 8, block 43, donated by the Palmetto Town
Company, R. Y. Shibley furnishing all of the building material from his saw-
mill. Ser\-ices were held in this church a number of times by itinerant preach-
ers and for a time a Sunday school was conducted. When the war broke out
the congregation scattered, leaving no one in charge of the church and no one
to pay Mr. Shibley for his lumber.

During the winter of 1861-62 some parties desecrated this church by
using it for a horse stable. This was too much for Mr. Shibley and he fore-
closed a lien on the building, hitched a few yoke of cattle to it and hauled
it to what is now 810 Broadway.

BRICK BUILDING ERECTED.

In the summer of 1862 Mr. Shibley sold the building to Marshall county
for its first real court house. It was used as such until 1874, when Marys-
ville township presented the county with the new two-story brick building
located on lots donated by T. W. Waterson on north half of block 13, Bal-
lard and Morrall's addition to Marysville.

Even before this time the little frame building proved too small for the
purpose and court was held in Waterson's new hall after it was built in 1870,
and some county offices were located at various places in town.

The little church passed into other hands and was used for a saloon,
dwelling, butcher shop, shoe shop, barber '^hop. bakerv, Chinese laundry,



I08 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

millinery store, restaurant, music store, clcanini;- and (lyeini^- shop, gunshop —
everything imaginable, l)nt for the purpose for which it was built.

In ihe summer of 191 1 the little "old court house," was torn down to
make room for C. W. Rice's three-story brick furniture store. Thus passed,
without ceremony of farewell, one of the first and without question the best
known of the original buildings in Marysville. Within its walls were heard
the voices of men who later became prominent in the affairs of state and
nation.

Among law-yers who argued cases in that court room were John J.
Ingalls, Nathan Price, W. W. Guthrie, Albert H. Horton, Alfred G. Otis
and many others. What mighty arguments were made and legal precedents
established, "deponent sayeth not," but certain it is that whenever mention
is made of the courts held in that building to an old settler, he will smile
and shake his head. One important civil suit was decided by the jury by the
turning of a "jack," in the game of seven up. All this is now of the past
and is as "a tale that is told."

During the nigiit of December 31, 1890, the second court house was
destroyed by incendiary fire and this time the city of Marysville donated to
the county commissioners forty thousand dollars, with which to build the
modern fire-proof structure wdiich stands today.

THE OLD STONE JAIL.

The old stone jail located on block 28, Ballard & Morrall's addition, was
built in 1876 at a cost of five thousand dollars. Following the completion
ot the nevv court house in 1891. a new jail was built in the same block, within
a few steps of the court house. It is built of brick, of the most approved
modern type and was supposed to be escape proof, but on the night of Octo-
ber I, 191 1, Neil Mulcahy and Dan Carney, who w-ere confined in the jail
awaiting the order of court to be taken to the Kansas penitentiary to serve
sentences for burglarizing the banks of \A^aterville and Beattie, sawed their
way to liberty. The criminals selected an auspicious night for their escape.
A storm broke over the city on Saturday e^■ening■ and there was a heavy rain
until after midnight, continuing at intervals throughout the night. Sheriff
Sullivan made a tour of the jail at two-thirty o'clock Sunday morning and
found the prisoners in bed. Fn the morning the "birds had flown." Saw'S
had been provided, with which they cut the rods of the cell. Deputy Sheriff
Nestor was out of town and an extra guard was on, but the prisoners worked
silently, and noise being covered by the storm and the guard knew nothing of
wdiat was going on.



MARSHALL COJNTY, KANSAS. lOQ

Mr. Sullivan was succeeded in office by his under-sheriff, Michael Nestor,
who grew to manhood in this city. He was re-elected to a second term and
was a most capable and high minded official.

The present sheriff, H. C. Lathrap, is a citizen of Blue Rapids, where he
served the public as postmaster for a number of years. The sheriff resides
in the jail.

MARSHALL COUNTY INFIRMARY.

On April 12, 1S95. the county commissioners, J. M. Bradshaw% I. D.
Yarick and P. Finnegan, let a contract for a county infirmary to Matt Treinen,
of Marysville. at seven thousand four hundred and seventy-five dollars. John
Y. Benifer, of Seneca, Kansas, was the architect. The building contains three
stories, with eleven large rooms, two wide corridors, the full length of the
building and two spacious rooms in the basement. There are at present six-
teen inmates.

F. E. Benson, superintendent, and Mrs. Benson, matron, have charge of
the institution. Mr. Benson has fine executive ability, combined with a genial
temperament, and Mrs. Benson is a very efficient woman.

STATE REPRESEJ-fTATIVES AND COUNTY OFFICIALS.

The following is the list of representatives and county officials of Mar
shall county, beginning January i, 1917:
State senator, F. G. Bergen.
Representative, thirty-ninth district, S. F. Paul.
Representative, fortieth district, A. A. Nork.
County clerk, A. J. Harvey.
County treasurer, L. N. Cole.
Res^ister of deeds, Adamantha Newton.
County attorney, James G. Strong.
Probate judge, W. ^^^ Potter.
Sheriff, H. C. Lathrap.
Coroner, R. C. Guthrie.
County superintendent, \Y. H. Seaman.
County surveyor, R. F. Gallup.
Clerk district court, A. B. Campbell.
Commissioner, first district, T. P. O'Neill.
Commissioner, second district, George B. Layton.
Commissioner, third district, James Kennedy.



no MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.



ASSESSED VALUE OF FARM I'ROIMsRTY, I916.

I-'arins, ai^i^regate amount assessed $28,866,040

Land not included in No. i 162,780

Horses and mules 1,701,780

Cattle 1.293-331

Hogs 288,637

Sheep 7>2i7



6
4

5
6

7

8

9
10

1 1



Poultry '. ." •'." .". "......."..' r. .. . 2,376

Gram, all kmds .., 1,104,277

Hay and forage crops. .'.'.''.....""V'. .V." '^•■•''- 57>843



Machinery and utensils. .... , , ....... . '. 355-573

Automobiles .' ..... .Tt ..... 302,570

VALUE OF CITY AND TOWN PROPERTY, I916.

1 . Real estate -. $ 4,202,000

2. Personal property, including merchandise in stock 3,823,750

3. Autos. 1,866 ; motorcycles, 71 : total 1-937

GENERAL TAX LEVY.

Per centum of taxes levied in Marshall county for state, county, city,
village, school and other purposes :

Marysville City 19-48 Bigelow 6.69

Blue Rapids City 20.00 Plome 6. 19

Frankfort City 18.65 Vliets (Noble) 5.94

Axtell 15-50 Vliets (Vermillion) 7.19

Beattie i5-50 Bremen . 6.69

Waterville -. 16.25 Herkimer 5.94

Summerfield (Richland) 17.16 Irving 12.10

Summerfield (St. Bridget) .... 19.00 Marietta 5.69

Oketo 17-30 Mina 7.19

Vermillion i3-00 Hull 5.94

— ORGANIZATION OF TOWNSHIPS.

At a meeting of the county commissioners at Palmetto, Kansas Terri-
tory, June, 1856, it was decided "that the county of Marshall, for the con-



MARSHALL COUNTY^ KANSAS. Ill

venience of transacting county business, and the execution of legal processes,
be divided into two principal townships, by a line beginning at the mouth of
Elm creek, where it empties into the, Big Blue river, and running thence
north to the base or meridian line. The section of the county east of said
line in Marshall county will henceforth be known as Vermillion township
and that portion of the county lying west of the line in Marshall county to
be known as Marysville township.

On November 6, .1858, the county commissioners divided the county
into four townships, namely: Marysville, Guittard, Blue Rapids and Ver-
million. What is now known as Washington county was at that time under
the jurisdiction of Marshall county officials and was termed Washington
township. From 1869 up to the year 1883, the county was subdivided into
municipal townships as follows : Waterville, Center, Elm Creek, Rock,
Franklin, Blue Rapids City, Blue Rapids, Wells, Clear Fork, Logan and
Noble.

Later, a redistricting was made and the following now constitute the
townships of the county with assessed valuation for the year 1916:

VALUATION OF TOWNS OF MARSHALL COUNTY.

Axtell . .$ 778,360

Beattie. ., ^ 321,220

Blue Rapids 975'300

Frankfort 1,212,330

Irving . 281,860

Marysville 2,335,270

Oketo ' 181,220

Summerfield 445,120

Vermillion 272,840

Waterville 1,025,230

Total $7,828,750

VALUATION OF TOWNSHIPS.

Balderson $ 1,991,820

Bigelow 1,380,930

Blue Rapids 1,187,910

Blue Rapids City 1,321,580



112



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.



Center

Clear Fork .
Cleveland . .
Cottage Hill
Elm Creek .
Franklin . . .
Guittard . . .
Herkimer . .
Lincoln . . . .

Logan

Marysville .
Mnrray . . . .

Noble

Oketo

Richland . . .
Rock



St. Bridget
Vermillion
Walnut . . .
Waterville .
Wells



-536,530
,176,540

,255,390
,575,200
,331-160
,096,630
,487,050

,949,570
,309,690
,991,680
,955,420
,503,010
,483,020
,917,430
,935,930
,386,720

,143,940
,439,300
,618,720
,251,650
,380,130



Total $38,516,950

Total valuation of the county $51,602,990



TOWNSHIP OFFICIALS.



Balderson township — Trustee, ^^^illiam Smith ; treasurer, Carl Linden-
berg; clerk, C. L. Willey; justices of the peace. C. T. Guise, C. A. Anderson
constables, G. B. Andrews, Ed DeLair.

Bigelow township — Trustee, Corwin Ballard : treasurer, ^^^ N. Mills
clerk, Henry Brockmeyer ; justices of the peace, S. M. Rucker, James W
Seldon ; constables, L. A. Griffis, Emery Colton.

Blue Rapids township — Trustee, G. L. Austin : treasurer, J. F. Wells
clerk, Theron Van Scoter ; justices of the peace. \Y. W. Dedrick, John Smith
constables, O. R. Forbes, W. S. Webb.

Blue Rapids City township — Trustee, Neil Robinson ; treasurer, F. W
Preston; clerk, R. S. Dickey; justices of the peace, Mrs. Charles Burket, E
F. Dewey; constables, John Searcy, John Scott.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 113

Center township — Trustee, I. G. Capps; treasurer, Gottfried Keller;
clerk, Bert Oakley ; justices of the peace, Charles Keller, Harry Smith ; con-
stables, J. C. Blackney, W. W. Monteith.

Clear Fork township — Trustee, T. H. McConchie ; treasurer, Peter
Morrissey; clerk, William H. Ford; justice of the peace, A. D. Smith.

Cleveland township — Trustee, J. C. Nolan ; treasurer, Paul Junod ; clerk.
Matt Kennedy; justices of the peace, Frank Stapleton, W. M. Barker; con-
stables, O. Alexander, A. J. Lally.

Cottage Hill township — Trustee, Ed Nelson ; treasurer, Henry Webber ;
clerk, Sanders Larson ; justices of the peace, Ben Pugh, J. W. Tuttle, con-
stables, Charles Arganbright, Carl Larson.

Elm Creek township — Trustee, Charles Cook ; treasurer, William
Ungerer; clerk, Arnold Dwerlkotte; justice of the peace, Joseph Barta; con-
stables, Ben Rockwell, John Schilling.

Franklin township — Trustee, Henry Schimmels ; treasurer, Charles
Noller; clerk, J. C. Lewis; justices of the peace, Robert T- Lewis, R. F.
Allgeier ; constables, Robert Keller, R. \\\ Lewis.

Guittard township — Trustee, Harry Jones ; treasurer, JM. \V. McReynolds ;
clerk, Charles Graham ; justices of the peace, L. Helvern, A. D. .Stosz ; con-
stables, \\'. H. Hadder, G. A. Newton.

Herkimer township — Trustee, F. H. Westerman; treasurer, Fred Fried-
richs ; clerk, Albert Sohl ; justices of the peace, Herman Rippe, William
Duensing; constables, H. Bartels, Herman Wollenberg.

Lincoln township — Trustee, Andrew Kjellberg; treasurer, Albert Back-
man ; clerk. R. W. Temple ; justices of the peace, Charles Kjellberg, W. G.
Swanson ; constables, John Stine, ^Albert Johnson.

Logan township — Trustee. J. 1\[. Brychta ; treasurer, Hugo Rohde;
clerk, George Kruse : justices of the peace, F. Germer, Theodore Lemke :
constables, William Crome, F. Prell, Sr.

Marysville township — Trustee, W. J. Kinsley ; treasurer, H. Bornhorst ;
clerk, H. Koppes ; justices of the peace, George Koppes, John Schmidt.

Murray township — Trustee, J. FI. Carney; treasurer, John H. Allender;
clerk, H. F. Detweiler ; justices of the peace, C. H. Baker, D. G. Davis ; con-
stables, S. M. Huntsinger, Charles Welborn.

Noble township — Trustee, J. L. Rodgers; treasurer, Andrew Johnson;
clerk, L. W. Davis ; justices of the peace, W. H. DeWalt, William E. \\'il-
son ; constables, L. A.' Waxier, C. S. Shafer.

Oketo township — Trustee. John Howes ; treasurer, Herman Ubben ;
(8^



I 14 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

clerk, Ed Dolen ; justices of the peace, R. A. Dickinson, Frank Ivoot; con-
stables, T. J. Suggett. Ted White. -

Ricliland township — Trustee, J- Ct. Graham; treasurer, Gus Oehm ;
clerk, John i'\ Wagner; justices of the peace, J. W. W^inney; S. C. Dugan ;
constables, Thomas W^endel, Art Voile.

Rock township — Trustee, C. H. Stowell ; treasurer, August Larson;
clerk, Ray S. Pauley ; justices of the peace, George Scholz, O. C. Coin ; con-
stables. Bill Goin, Joe Kooser.

St. Bridget township — Trustee, James F. Menehan ; treasurer, J. W.
Coughlin; clerk, B. L. Detweiler ; justice of the peace, Henry Maitland ; con-
stable, John Easter.

Vermillion township — Trustee, Floward Reed ; treasurer, W. H. Snod-
grass; clerk, D. A. Brodbeck ; justices of the peace, C. A. Blackney, M. J.
Welsh; constables, J. M. Bishop, G. D. Osborn.

\\''alnut township — Trustee, Leonard Berger; treasurer, George Hamil-
ton; clerk, H. P. Hanson; justices of the peace, Martin Holle, E. A. Rowe;
constables, James Armstrong, John Hanke.

Waterville township — Trustee, D. O. Parker; treasurer, John Seaton;
clerk, C. G. Thomas ; justices of the peace, E. A. Adams, R. Smith ; con-
stables, A. C. W'hiteside, George Casey.

Wells township — Trustee, W. C. Netz ; treasurer, L. S. Bennett ; clerk,
J. L. McConchie; justices of the peace, G. W. W^alls, George Miller; con-
stables. Grant Ewing, Owen Flin.

City of Marysville — Justices of the peace, Louis H. Eddy, D. P. Arm-
strong; constables, M. C. Peters, John Brandenburger.



CHAPTER VI.

City of AIarysville.



THE BLUE RIVER.
By John G. EUenbecker.

You talk about New Hampshire hills, or dark Wisconsin pines,
Or Massachusetts's busy mills, or Colorado's mines,
But I \\ill sing of Kansas, tJie land that's always true,
For there abides my dear old home upon the bonny Blue.

Our winter times are just as gay, our springs are just as sweet;
Our summers truly fine T say, our autumns can't l^ie beat;
So I will sing of ^\ansas. — I've roamed a little, too —
Contented with the charming scenes upon the bonny Blue.

You talk about your cotton yields, then I'll sing of our corn.
Those treasure-laden forest fields of blue October morn.
I hear the buskers' bong-bong, through the semi-frost and dew%
And thus there's music all day long around the bonny Blue.

You talk of California's wine, I'll sing of our wheat,
The manna of our genial clime, for all the w^orld to eat.
There is no use in trying, you ne'er can us outdo,
In sunn}'" northern Kansas upon the bonny Blue.



INCORPORATION. '

In 1850 the United States government made a survey of the military
road from Ft. Leavenworth to the Northwest anrl established a crossing
about one hundred yards north of where the bridge now spans the river, which
was known as the Big Blue Crossing.



Il6 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

F. J. Marshal! cstahlished a ferry at that point and for a time the place
was known as Marshall's Ferry. Business thrived and Marshall brou^^ht his
wife. -Mary ^Villiams Alarshall, to live here and named the place Marysville
in her honor. It will be recalled that in his letter to Judge Mag'ill, Marshal!
says: ''There were live to ten thousand people at this point daily." A
carefnl research shows that about seventy-five thousand people traversed this
county and crossed the Blue river either at the lower crossing or at the cross-
ing here, irom iH^G to 1856. So that it is safe to say Marysville has never
had an equal number of inhabitants since that time.

The Marysville Town Company originated in western Missouri, John
and James Doniphan and F. J. Marshall being the leading men interested.
The state records show that the Mar}sville Tow-n Company was incorporated
by the territorial Legislature on August 2y. 1855. The incorporators were
A. G. W^oodward, Da\id Galispie, John Doniphan, R. T. Gillespie, F. J.
Marshall, James Donii)han, Robert C. Bishop and M. C. Shrewsbuiy.
(Statutes, Kan. Terr.. 1855, p. 803.)

Marysville City was incorporated by the territorial Legislature of 1861.
"The incorporation of the same lands as were formerly known as towns of
Marysville, Palmetto, Ballard and Morrall is hereby erected into a citv by
the name of Marysville City." The act was passed by a two-thirds vote after
being returned Ijv the governor with his objections thereto, and became a
law on February 2, i8':)T. A. E. Lovell, Jacob Weisbach and Thomas W.
W^aterson were appointed inspectors of the first election to be held on the
first Monday of April, 1861. (Private Laws, Kan. Terr., p. 52.)

In 1855 ^- ]■ Marshall and Albert G. Woodward were given exclusive
privilege to establish a ferry across Big Blue river at the crossing of the mili-
tary road from Leavenworth to Forts Kearney and Laramie, also the cross-
ing of the Independence and California road across the Big Blue. (Statutes,
Kan. Terr., 1855, p. 777.)

FIR.ST SAW-MILL ERECTED.

The following notice was pu1:)Hshed in the Squatter Soz'crcigu, Atchison.
March 25. 1856:

"Grand S hcculation.

"Mary.sville, Kansas Territory.
'T hold in my hand an obligation upon the Marysville Town Companv
obligating the company to donate to the first person that will put up a steam




BROADWAY, :\IARYSVILLE, IN 1862.




BROADWAY, MARYSVILLE, LOOKING EAST, 1917.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. II/

saw-mill in said town, seven shares in the town, which are worth in value
each, $200. The putting up of the saw-mill will make them worth $250
each, making the donations $1,750, which will very nearly pay for the mill.



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