Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

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ment. Pantry stores of all kinds, bread, cake, preserves, pickles, jellies and a
great variety of canned fruit, were evidence of the interest taken by the women
of the county in the fair. In the fine arts display, Airs. J. G. Strong took first
prize for a landscape in oil, and Mrs. Carrie Hunter, first prize for an animal
in oil. The exhibits in water color, china painting, crayon and pastel, photog-
raphy and pencil drawing, were very fine.

The exhibit which was of most pleasure to the visiting ladies was the
wonderful display of handmade laces, tatting, embroidery, pieced silk quilts,
appliqued quilts, knitted bedspreads, point lace, drawn work, and home-made
rugs. The drawn work, which was the object of attention by all, was done
by Mrs. Moden, of Waterville, who has passed her eightieth birthday. It is
quite evident that the deft fingers of .Kansas women have not lost their cun-
ning in fancy work and sewing.


The original Blue Valley Creamery Company was organized on May 5,
1894, by Walker Brothers, of Wichita, Kansas, assisted by a number of pub-
lic-spirited citizens of Marysville.

A creamery was built and butter making began on September i, 1894.
So successful was the business that the Walkers soon sought larger fields and
abandoned the business in Marysville. Today, giant plants of the Blue Valley
Creamery Company are established in nearly all the large cities of the United
States and in some foreign countries.

Twenty years from the time the Walker Brothers began making butter
in Marysville the company had become the largest creamery product manu-
factory in the world.

Until 191 5 the stone iniilding was used by F. W. Heinke, as a machine
shop. Since then it has been left to ruin and decay. In summer, birds nest


amo:ig" the wild vines, which clnnil)er o\-er its roof and the snnllowcrs which
£;TOW rank arour.d its walls. In wimcr it hccomes a hiding [)lace for rodents.
J'at. sleek h.or.^es t^nce drew wagons to its entrance, from which were
unloaded gallons of rich cream that were turned into butter as golden as the
dollars that were swelling the l)ank account of Walker Brothers. Now,
abandoned and slnmned. it is the \ery symbol of neglect. The boy on his
way to the White Stuni]:) swimming hole, pauses long enough to hurl a stone
at its shattered windows. It stands in solitude and no one remembers that
it placed men on the highway to wealth, save the historian.

Military History,


From "Walt Mason, His Book," published by Basse & Hopkins, Xew York. Copyrighted.

The little green tents where the soldiers sleep.
And the sunbeams play and the women weep,

Are covered with flowers today.
And between the tents walk the weary few,
Who were vouno- and stalwart in sixtv-two,

When they ^vent to the war away.

Tlie little o:reen tents are built of sod.
They are not long and the}- are not broad,

But the soldiers have lots of room. '

And the sod is part of the land they saved,
When the flag- of the enemy darkly waved,

The symbol of dole and doom.

The little green tent is a thing divine.
The little green tent is a countrv's shrine.

AA'liere patriots kneel and pray.
And the i:)ra^'e men left, so old, so few.
Were young and stalwart in sixty-two.

When thev went to the war awav.


During the War of the Rebellion. Marysville being on the main overland
road between the Missouri river and the mountains, was made a recruiting
point at which companies were enlisted, the men coming from all directions.


Tlie first soldiers to enlist from this county, however, were six boys from
the Vermillion : Janies Smith, Bob Henderson, John D. Wilson, Oliver S.
Leslie. John Burke and F. C. Brooks. The first Marshall county man to
give his life for the Union in actual war was Bob Henderson.

The following letter by James Smith to his brother, tells a story of the
early days of the war much better than anyone else can. It will be remem-
bered that after the war "Jim Smith'' served this county as representative,
count}' clerk, county treasurer, secretary of state for six years and private
secretary to Gov. John A. jNIartin and Gov. Lyman U. Humphry, and
quartermaster-general for four years. He died at Topeka on May 28, 1914.
Smith's letter follows :

A\'. H. — Before answering your letter of long ago I was anxious to have
a talk with "Boots", alias Elihu Holcomb, who knew more than I did about
the Little Blue fight. 1 have not been able to get to see him, but the follow-
ing are facts that I gleaned from Holcomb long ago.

On the evening of November 10. 1861, about 8 o'clock, Companies A,
B and H. Seventh Kansas Cavalrv, under command of Lieut.-Col. D. R.
Anthony marched out of Kansas City. On that march Bob Henderson rode
side by side with "Boots" and during tlie night they became well acquainted
and Bob's conversation made a lasting impression on Holcomb. Bob, calm
and cool in anticipation of a fight, but at the same time expressed his firm
belief that he would be killed in the first fight and in this belief he went into
the fight early on the morning of the nth of November.

Of the engagement 1 copy the following from the second volume of the
adjutant-general's report :

"The first engagement in which the regiment was represented was fought
on the nth of November, 1861, by companies A, B and H, under command
of Lieut. Col. D. R. Anthony, with a rebel force outnumbering his four to
one under command of the notorious Col. Up Hays. The rebels were driven
from their camp but occupied a strong position just beyond amongst the
rocks and trees on the hills along the Little Blue river. After a desperate
fight and being unable to dislodge the enemy from his natural strong position.
Colonel Anthony ordered the camp destroyed and having captured all of the
horses of the command Colonel Anthony with his force retired from the field.
In this skirmish companies A, B and H had nine killed and thirty-two



I understood (I had not yet recovered from typhoid fever and was not
in the fight) that Bob was the first soldier killed in that first engagement of
the Seventh Kansas.

His body was brought back in a wagon (we had no ambulance yet) to
Kansas City and received a soldier's burial. It was taken up and removed
to Pennsylvania. His bloody cavalry jacket, his testament, which, rollicking
boy as he was. he read daily, his violin, and other belongings were sent to
his mother. For some particulars about these see Uncle Dan Auld.

The village of Barrett was intensely loyal in 1861. The Barretts, the
Leavitts, Blackburn, Puntney, Todd, and the Wells, although Kentuckians,
honest old Henry Rebb, O. C. Allen, Uncle Tommy Edgar, Dan C. Auld,
Soren Jensen, all the Wilsons, Uncle Isaac Clark, Bob Smith, Johnny Burke,
Leslie, Brooks, Poster, Ephraim Lewis and scores of others of like loyalty
made up the Vermillion Valley. The news of the firing on Sumter was
received by us just as it was received by loyal men everywhere, but I think
none of us thought for a moment that there would be a four-year war. I
know we boys believed tliat the government would crush treason at one fell
blow, and not until the news of the defeat at Bull Run, which reached us
through Thedrow S. Vaile, did we have any idea that our services would be

Then I think without meetings or preconcerted plannings, a few of us
determined to enlist. There were six of us, to-wit : Bob Henderson,
John D. Wilson, Oliver S. Leslie, John Burke. F. C. Brooks and myself. I
think the first time we were all together before leaving for Leavenworth was
at a camp meeting up East Fork. I remember that one afternoon divine
services were dispensed with and Union services substituted. The night
before we left we all attended church at the little old school house at Barrett
and a Campbellite minister, Giddings by name, discoursed patriotism and
at the conclusion of his sermon offered a most fervent prayer for the boys
and then requested us to stand up while each one of the audience filed by and
bade us farewell. Bob Henderson and I went home with our girls from the
meeting and walked back four miles and slept our last sleep together in Mar-
shall county. Next morning we met over at the mill where everybody had
gathered to bid the first soldiers from Marshall county "God speed." If you
see Jennie Love she can tell you all about the parting. We were all liked
fairly well but everybody, men, women and children, actually loved Bob Hen-
derson and in your address you cannot say too much of the noble qualities
of the soldier bov for whom Henderson Post was named.



It may not liave any special bearins:^. but 1 cannot forbear to refer again
to the loyalty of the V'ermillion. In the winter and spring before the com-
mencement of hostilities, we all felt outraged at Pete Peters' paper at Marys-
ville which was disloyal. We had several meetings to discuss the advisa-
bility of going u\) and demolishing the "shebang." The meetings were held
at A. G. Barrett's. The Barretts were there, Puntney, Blackburn, Todd,
Bob Smith, Bob Henderson, Brooks, myself and others I do not now think
of. We finally concluded that we would take care of the south half and
leave the north half to the tender mercies of such patriots as Perry Hutchin-
son. Tom Bowen afterwards came to the rescue of the loyal men of Marys-
ville and gutted the obnoxious paper.

W^hen we got to Leavenworth we enlisted in Company A, which was
officered from top to bottom and needed just our number to fill it to the
maximum. I think you can say that we were the first to enlist from Marshall
county. And that Bob Henderson was the first Marshall county soldier to
be killed and the first one in his regiment to be killed. As far as patriotic
meetings were concerned, they occurred wherever and whenever two or three
were gathered together. But the one w^iich left the most vivid impression
on my mind was the one at the school house before we left when the gray-
haired Campbellite minister preached a farewell sermon to us and for. us.
You might call the next morning when we marched away a meeting too,
with saw logs for seats at th.e old mill. Since that morning I have had some
triumphs and have received honors at the hands of Marshall county people,
but never felt as solemnly proud and grateful as on that morning when we
bade farewell to the people of Barrett. The warm hand-shake, the tearful
eye, and the tremulous "God bless you," told us that we would be ahvays
during our career as soldiers, held in affectionate remembrance by these good
people. Bob Henderson and I often talked of that good-bye and wondered
how in a short year it was possible to become so attached to those people.

But I am getting prolix and away from the subject. Possibly you can
sift something out of this which will help you out. I believe, however, you
could g"et more interesting things from A. G. Barrett or Mrs. Barrett or
Jennie Love.

As to the battle of Little Blue, if you see Leslie you could get something.


James Smith.



county's contribution to the union cause.

In i860 the population of the county was two thousand two hundred
and seventy-five, the number of men of voting age did not exceed four hun-
dred, yet in absence of definite data it is safe to say that the county furnished
more soldiers to the "Union" rhan it had voters, besides a few for the con-

In addition to several hundred privates and minor ofiicers. the county
furnished Col. Thomas E. Bowen, Capt. Perry Hutchinson, Capt. Frank
Kister, Capt. Mel. Lewis, Capt. W. S. Blackburn, Capt. James H. McDougal,
Capt. Rev. M. D. Tenny, Lieutenants John D. Wells, David E. Ballard, S.
B. Todd. James E. Love, Levi Hensel, W. W. Griffin, Dan C. Auld, John
N. Cline, Nathan Slosson and others. So far as is known Capt. Mel. Lewis,
of the soldiers home in California, is the only survivor of this list.

Colonel E. C. Manning was federal census enumerator in i860 and
gives the population of Marshall county at that time as two thousand two
hundred and eighty.

Manning says: ''On the last day of July, i860, a tornado came down
the Blue Valley doing much damage and tore the printing office asunder.
General Marshall who owned the printing plant said he was glad of it as he
would rather see the outfit in the bottom of the Blue river than see Repub-
lican sentiments printed on his type.

"After Lincoln's inauguration I was appointed postmaster at Marys-
ville, the city then containing but four settlers who did not sympathize with
the South. To assure passengers that they were in a loyal region, I pro-
posed soon after Sumter was fired upon to erect a pole near the pul3lic well
in the main street and unfurl our country's flag to the loyal Kansas breeze.
Amos Park, Lee Holloway, Cale Hulburt, Tim Conner and Rug Bulis agreed
to join me in the enterprise. Several young, hot-blooded Southerners threat-
ened with bodily harm any person who should attempt to raise a 'Union
flag', as it was called then.

raising t?[e union flag.

"I sent two of the men to the woods dov/n the river with a team bor-
rowed fron.i Peter Gift, a loyal Scotch blacksmith, for the purpose of getting
a suitable pole, while two others dug a hole for the pole and I borrowed a
flag from Abner G. Barrett who kept a hotel by the roadside opposite the
well. We raised the flag before sundown, silentlv and with as little demon-


stration as j^roper, while six of the hostile enemy watched onr proceedings.
We learned they intended cutting down the flag during the night. To
prevent this the halyards were carried to the second story of the hotel win-
dow and two armed men, I.ee Holloway and Tim Conner, stood guard at
the window for a few nights until the enemy became reconciled to the sight.
Man\- a home-bound passenger expressed his pleasure at seeing his country's
flag wave a greeting at that frontier town."


Marshall county during the war was in some measure a border county
and was therefore drawn into the naitional conflict, Ixit the first armed defense
made by the citizens of the county v.-as against Indians. Companies were
recruited under the command of Capt. Frank Schmidt and Capt. James
McClosky. A company from the Vermillion settlement under Capt. James
Kelley and one from Irving under Capt. T. S. Vaile. These troops w^ere
placed under the command of Col. E. C. Manning and w^ere reinforced by
companies from Nemaha, Riley and Washington counties, under command
of General Sherry, of Seneca, Kansas. They were furnished arms and
ammunition by the government, but were not enlisted in the service of the
United States.

Many minor skirmishes took place in Marshall county and the settlers
suffered greatly from systematic pilfering and stealing by the Indians. Sev-
eral outrageous massacres took place in Cloud, Washington and Republic
counties and these troops were organized and equipped for protection to the
settlers and for the purpose of convincing the predatory bands of Indians
that armed defense would be made in case of attack. The troops w^ent out
twice to render assistance to western counties.

Thousands of Indians hunted, camped and traded in Marshall county
but, singularly, few^ tragedies occurred.

Andreas states in his history that a large proportion of the troops
enlisted from Marshall county in the \\'ar of the Rebellion, were from Marys-
ville and Vermillion townships.

Marysville w^as made the recruiting station for Marshall and Washing-
ton counties. There were about four hundred and fifty voters in Marshall
county at that time, yet the county is credited with having sent four hundred
men to the Union army prior to 1865. ^^ ^^^^^ Y^^^ (1865) the county w^as
called upon for thirty-one additional men, who were furnished.

Company K, Ninth Kansas Cavalry, was organized at Marysville in the


summer of 1862 by Capt. Thomas M. Bowen, later United States senator
from Colorado. Under his command as captain and J. D. Wells as first
lieutenant, the company consisting of eighty men, was ordered to join the
regiment at Leavenworth. This regiment served principally in Missouri and
Arkansas and participated in all the important engagements that took place
on the Arkansas river.

After serving with distinction Company K was mustered out of service
at Duval's Bluff. Arkansas, and discharged at Ft. Leavenworth in July, 1865.
This company suffered severely during its service, only about one-third of
the soldiers returning.


This company under command of W. S. Blackburn, captain, Thomas
Hensel, first lieutenant, was recruited at Maiysville in August, 1862. Ver-
million township furnished most of the men for this company. The com-
pany joined the regiment at Atchison and their first engagement took place
at Cane Hill, Arkansas, and was followed by an engagement at Van Buren,

The company w-as discharged at Ft. Leavenworth on July 9, 1865.
Only about half of the soldiers returned.


This company was recruited at Marys ville during the summer of 1862,
under command of Capt. Perry Hutchinson.

Marysville furnished twenty-seven men to this company, the remainder
coming from various points in the county. This company was stationed at
Marysville until September 8, 1862, when Captain Hutchinson received orders
to transport his men to Ft. Scott.

The company of Otoe Indians under command of Capt. D. W. Williams
accompanied Company E, and the entire command numbered over three hun-
dred men. This company served with distinction in Missouri and Arkansas,
and like the other companies suffered great losses in men.


This company was mustered into service at Kickapoo, in Doniphan
county in the spring of 1862. under command of Capt. A. Gunther and was
composed entirely of recruits from Marshall and Washington counties.


After serving with distinction throu.^iitmt the war it was nmstered out of
service Afarch 18, 1865, at l.ittle Rock, Arkansas.

Larire numbers of men from Marshall conntv enlisted in others Kan-
sas regiments. The Second. Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth and Eleventh
Kansas .Regiments, had men from Marshall county in their ranks.

Marshall conntv furnished her full share of troops to the Union army
and the regiments in wlu'ch thev were enlisted served with bravery and dis-
tinction during the war.

T. L. Holloway is the only surviving member of Company H, Second
Kansas Cavalry, now residing in Marshall county and Lieut. William Mercer,
of the same company, resides in Washington county. These men, so far as
known are the only survivors of the gallant company.

During the days of recruiting and mustering in soldiers for the war,
what is now Marysville city park was the rendezvous.

The Old Settlers Reunion was held in the park in September, 191 6, and
at the same time a reunion of Com]:)any K, N^inth Kansas, w'as held on the
same ground where fifty-five years ago as "boys" they enlisted and went
away to the front. But five members were present. Tliey were : J. E.
Wood, of Boise, Idaho; E. H. Pralle, of Hollenberg, Kansas; J. M. Harper,
of Stockdale, Kansas; G. A. Storms, of Powhattan, Kansas; C. M. Murdock,
of \\'vmore, Nebraska. J. E. Wood was elected president pro tem and C.
AI. Alurdock, secretary pro tem.

The roll of the survivino- memljers was called and letters were read from
many of them. ^lany old army incidents were related and a good social
visit was enjoyed by this little band of survivors. At the regular business
meeting, E. H. Pralle, of Hollenberg, was elected president ; Pollard Carna-
han, of ^lanhattan, vice-president, and C. M. Murdock, secretary-treasurer.


The following is a list of soldiers now residing in Marshall county,
who served in the War of the Rebellion :

Axtell. — G. L. Barnes, T. H. Scott, T. C. Casterline, J. R. Livingston,
J. F. Sharpe, D. J. O'Connell, S. J. Sharpe, Sidney Sharpe.

Bigelow. — Andrew^ AL Colton, Andrew J. Zerbe, John M. Rimhart,
Nathan Midcalf, Samuel M. Rucker.

Barrett. — Simon T. Massie.

Beattie. — William H. Brooke, John H. Crabb, James L. Giles, William


Helvering-. Orin Kingman, William Lord, Jacob V. Schleigh, James R. Wil-
cox, Alilo A. Tucker, Mark Eichelberger, David Heisse, William A. Willis.

Blue Rapids.— David J. Huffman, James Warriner, Stout Shearer,
James O. Wheeler, Isaiah \\^a1ker, William Worthington. Hugh Thorman,
Francis M. Thomas. John X. Snodgrass, Arthur H. Xeal, John McPherson,
Henry J. Lane, William Hardin, Abel W. Gibson, \\'illiam H. Francis,
Samuel A. Craft, Andrew Chambers, Isam Burnett, Albert W. Beacham,
Peter S. Burnett,

Frankfort. — Jonathan Bishop, James W. Campbell, W^ S. Dingman,
John L. Davis, E. R. Fairchild, Charles Edinborough, Isaac Gordon, Charley
Howe, B. F. Hersh, Augustus P. Hampton, Charles H. Keyes, Samuel
McConchie, George N. Morse, .Samuel Morehouse, Patrick Montgomery,
Jacob North. Caleb Osborne, AV'illiam Phifer. Henry Reynolds. Thomas J.
Snodgrass, Elias Schreiner. William Skillin, M. K. Thomas, L. V. B. Taylor.
Luther Whiting, John ]\[. Watson. M. A. Brawley, J. Bigham, M. A. Barrett.
Thomas Bisbirg.

Vermillion. — T. aI. Andrews. J. S. Myers, Joel Barkes, John T. Holston,
W. H. DeWalt, A. A. Nauman, J. H. Taneir, F. E. \\^ilkins, J. P. Duck-
v,-orth, C. Bergmann.

Vliets. — Henry Bottger. Tiniothy Gibson, James McKitrick, John W.
Reed, A. J. Waxier.

Marysville. — Lee D. Holla^^ay. Samuel Butler, J. A. Broughton, J. B.
Logan. W. H. Smith. Alvin Arand. Elijah Bentley, Adolph Cumro, St. Clair
Guthrie, J. O. Ackles. J. L. Bayles, Samuel Johnson, T. C. Randolph, A. J.
Travelute. J. H. Crabb, E. B. Scott, Josiah Zellars, Peter Dugdale, Philip
Phillippi, Joseph Manning, William Lofinck, D. B. Knight, Michael Barlo.w,
George Winkler, E. B. Gatchell. J. F. Hanna.

Oketo. — Peter Champaign, Valentine Draher, Allen Robinson.

Summerfield. — John M. Graham, Sterling Keck, E. S. Wagner, Henry D.
Maitland. Alexander Hart. George Finlayson. Chauncey F. Ream, George
W. Small. W. A. Graham.

Waterville. — H. C. Follett, Jos Van Allen, R. Smith. J. Jones, J. Scott,
S. Wheeler. M. Scott.


Though ]\larshall county had a company of men drilling in every town
and village, even before war was declared, ready and willing to join the
ranks, it was allowed ouly a minor part of Company M, of the Twenty-
second Regiment, Riley county furnishing all of the commissioned officers
and a majority of the, men to the Spanish-American W^ar, 1898.


Governor Leedy ordered the counties of Riley and Marshall to recruit
the "one company allowed" at Blue Rapids on May 2nd, 1898. Enough
aspirants appeared to make several companies and it has always been the
opinion of the Marshall county boys, that the examining surgeon. Doctor
Wharton, and recruiting officer and colonel of the Twenty-second Regiment,
H. C. Lindsay, had given us unfair treatment. Therefore, some of the boys
went to other counties to join and others went home to continue drilling for
a possible future call for more troops.

Three men, Henry E. Clark and Lambert Steinmetz, of Marysville, and
Fred K. Barrett, of Barrett, joined the Twentieth Kansas and served in the
Philippines with the late General Funston.

Dr. Fred W. Turner, of Marysville, served as assistant surgeon with
rank of captain, and VVillard Calkins, of Axtell, as a private in the Twenty-
first Regiment.

The following forty-six men served in the Twenty-second Regiment :

]\[arysville. — John S. Schlax, Rudolph A. Moser, Dana W. Julian, Gott-
frey Riesen, Albert Ross. Arthur Fink.

Waterville. — Bert R. Lane, Ira B. Longbon, Otto A. Olson, Roy J.
Stevenson, Fletcher Van Allen, limothy Welch, George G. Thedick, Frank
Van Allen, Thomas B. Armstrong, Roy K. Beecher, William H. Brown,
Charles C. Funk, Alfred M. Wilder, Gustav H. Yungeberg, John Summers,
William H. Treaster.

Oketo. — Richard Cosgrove, Ben Dolen.

Frankfort. — Robert E. Trosper, Jr., Maurice E. Jilson.

Axtell.- — Basil F. West, James O. Miller, Charles F. Iseli, John T. West.

Beattie. — Martin Goin, Steven Matson, Henry C. Smith, Eugene L

Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 24 of 104)