Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

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Totten, Frank D. Walbridge, Frank M. Wilson, Guy T. Helvering.

Blue Rapids. — William Drennen, David L. Reed, Lewis H. Staples,
Walter Barrett.

Herkimer. — George P. Feil, Fred J. Feil.

Irving. — William Puett.

Bremen. — Herman F. Brenneke.

Home City. — James H. Blocker.

During this same period the following Marysville men served : Wilson
Bently, in the Fifth United States Coast Artillery; Walter W. Libby, in
Company FI, Thirty-second United States Volunteers in the Philippines ;
Rudolph Knuchel, in Company L, Twentieth United States Infantry in the
Philippines ; Henry J. Kysela, in Company G, Fourteenth United States



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 27 1

Infantry in the Philippines and China, wounded in action at Pekin, August
15, 1900; died at Tin Tsin, September 5, 1900; Herbert G. Horr, in Com-
pany K, Twenty-second United States Infantiy in the PhiHppines, died at
Manila. November 28, 1900, of fever. The bodies of both of those boys
were brought home and buried in the Marysville cemetery.

It would be impossible in a brief history to tell the full story of Mar-
shall county soldiers in active duty. Their story is that of the soldiers of
those eventful years. Th-ey served their country with sublime courage,
magnificent enthusiasm and splendid discipline. The battles in which they
engaged stand out prominently in history. Many of the boys "sleep the
sleep that knows no waking", but men who fought nobly and gallantly and
died heroically, will never be forgotten.

THE WAR OF 191 7.

As the liistory of Marshall county goes to press, the United States is
engaged in war with Germany. Preparations are going on all over the
country and public meetings are being held in every town to. inspire the
people with a feeling of patriotism.

Marysville has done herself proud in response to the nation's need for
soldiers to participate in the w(^rld war and defend the nation's honor in this
great conflict. Fifty young men of this city and immediate vicinity have
answered the call.

Frederick Allen and Louis McAllister, who joined the National Guards
at Lawrence, Kansas, secured five recruits for Battery B. Artillery
at Lawrence. Duke Brown,' who had joined the National Guards at Man-
hattan, accompanied by Sergeant O. W. Reed of Company I, First Kansas
Infantry, made a canvass of the city and talked over the proposition with
many young men and by evening had secured a dozen or two recruits. C. R.
Keller, second lieutenant of the company arrived and relieved Sergeant Reed.
The enlistments continued to come in. When Lieutenant Keller and Brown
returned to Manhattan they had secured a total of thirty-nine recruits.

Twenty-five recruits went to Manhattan to take the physical examina-
tion and all but one of them, William Throm, passed.

Roscoe Aleredith enlisted in the hospital corps and left Lillis on Friday,
April 6, 191 7, to answer his country's call.



272 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.



MARVSNII.LKS VOLUNTEER ROSTER.

In Battery B. Artillery. Xalional Guards, Lawrence: l^^X'clcrick Allen,
Louis McAllister, medical corps ; John Leroy, John O. Johnson, Byron Clarke,
Joseph Schramm, Don O'Neil and Edward Cooper.

In Company I, First Kansas Infantry, Manhattan: Duke Brown. Ray-
mond L. Smith, William Lowe, Carl Goshorn, Earl Shirkey, Byron Afan-
rose. P. F. \Vymore, Thomas Parrish, Archie Dexter, Bernard W. Harrison,
Meh'in J. Scott, Charles E. Reinders. Harold Freeby, Lawrence Meier, Wil-
bur Fordyce, Edward Frankenpohl, W. W. Hayes, Charles O. Smith,
Maurice Jones, Myles Holloway, Otis E. Chapman, Percy D. Bartley, Paul
Mitschler, Virgil Lockard, William Maluy, Dewey F. Lunday, Wallace
Wakefield and Cyrus J. Nester.

Edward J. Farrell, John F. Unger. Hugo E. Tangeman, Emil W. Lang-
ner and Ralph E. Tangeman, all of Home City.

Charles A. Taylor, of Schroyer.

J. R. Larson, Colchester, Illinois.

In the navy : Selmar R.eed and George Cottrell.

In the engineer corps : Kale Thomson, S. Parkhurst Moyer, Byron
Lathrap, Wilbur Watson. Virgil Russell, Flovd Zeek and Everett Dorcas.

Applicants to the officers' training camp at Fort Riley : Emil Carlson,
assistant cashier of the Citizens State bank; Carl White, instructor in the
Marysville high school ; Dr. Chester A. Brooks, optometrist, and Herbert
V. Pusch.

At the outset there was much red tape procedure to be gone through in
the matter of acceptance of applications to the training camp which caused
great dela} , Ijut this was swept away by an order from the Central department
at Chicago.

Herbert Pusch, who had military training at Shattuck College, Faribault,
Minnesota, was commissioned a first lieutenant in the United States army
and joined his command at Fort Riley on May 12.

E. M. Carlson received orders to report at Manhattan to take his pre-
liminary examination. He passed the examination and his application was
accepted.

Miss May Ruggles joined a unit in the Red Cross branch of the
service. This branch of the service will probably be the first to be called
out. She has been holding the position of assistant night superintendent of
the Presbyterian hospital in Chicago.

This total roster of fifty IMarysville young folks who have volunteered
to serve the nation in various departments speaks well of their patriotism
and shows to the world that Marshall county is no slacker when the occasion
demands service.




GUITTARD BROTHERS AND JOSEPH THOMAN.




WEST VIEW OF GUITTARD STATION.



' TKE NT






MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 273

THE FLAG GOES BY.
By Henry Holcombe Bennett.

Hats off!
Along the street there comes
A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums,
A flash of color beneath the sky;

Hats off!
The flag is passing by!

Blue and crimson and white it shines,
Over the steel-tipped, ordered lines.

Hats off! , ,

The colors before us fly;
But more than the flag is passing by.

Sea fights, land fights, grim and great,
Fought to make and to save the state ;
Weary marches and sinking ships;
Cheers of victory on dying lips ;

Days of plenty and years of peace ;
March of a strong land's swift increase;
Equal justice, right and law,
Stately honor and reverent awe ;

Sign of a nation, great and strong
To ward her people from foreign wrong;
Pride and glory and honor — all
Live in the colors to stand or fall.

Hats off!
Along the street there comes
A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums;
And loyal hearts are beating high ;

Hats off!
The flag is passing by.



(18)



CHAPTER XIII.
Political History.



REMINISCENCES.

In 1864 Edwin C. Manning published a weekly paper in Marysville
called the Big Blue Union. The name of the paper indicated Mr. Manning's
politics. Also at the time he was "Colonel" E. C. Manning, commanding
Seventeenth Regiment Kansas State Militia.

Colonel Manning carried the name of Abraham Lincoln for President at
the head of his editorial page, Andrew Johnson for Vice-President and Sam-
uel J. Crawford for governor of Kansas.

Crawford was Colonel of the Second Kansas Colored Volunteers and
was elected governor that fall. He was the father of Mrs. Arthur Capper,
wife of the present governor of Kansas. J. D. Brumbaugh, a son-in-law of
T. W. Waterson, of Marysville, w^as a candidate for attorney-general. Col-
onel Manning was himself a candidate for state senator from ^Marshall, Riley,
Washington and Republic counties, and John D. Wells was a candidate for
representative from Marshall. Harrison Foster was the candidate for probate
judge, and Alexander Campbell for clerk of the district court. Moses T.
Bennett was the candidate for superintendent of schools, and W. W. Jerome,
for county attorney.

The address of the Republican state central committee to the people of
Kansas was printed in full in ^Manning's paper of October 14, 1864, and
one paragraph is sufficient to tell the story of the times :

"This great conflict, inaugurated upon our soil, has under the provi-
dence of Almighty God, been transferred to the national arena, and today
in council and on the battlefield, the purpose of Kansas is the purpose of the
nation. If the nation, lives — if from the trial of blood she emerges into one
indivisible unity, wnth freedom secured to all — then indeed, this conflict will
not have been in vain, and the vast expenditure of life and treasure useless;



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. - 275

but the future of Kansas will be secured with the future of our common
country."

These were prophetic words and we of this later day enjoy their full
fruition.

STATE OFFICIALS.

Thomas W. Waterson, Marysville, was made bank commissioner on Feb-
ruary 20, 1857.

Waterson's son-in-law, J. D. Brumbaugh, was elected attorney-general
in 1864 and served one term.

James Smith, of Marysville, served as secretary of state from January,
1879, to January, 1885; was private secretary to Governor Martin and
Governor Humphrey, eight years; quartermaster-general, from 1901 to 1905.

Channing J. Brown, Blue Rapids, was clerk of the supreme court from
1879 to 1897.

William Becker, Marysville, served as brigadier-general from 1883 to
1885.

Charles F. Koester, Marysville, served as commissioner for the revision
of tax laws in the year 1872, and in 1876 was commissioner to the Centennial
Exposition at Philadelphia.

D. E. Ballard, Marysville, was quartermaster-general in 1865 and in
1867 was on the commission to settle Price raid claims.

BOARD OF REGENTS, STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.

E. C. Manning, Marysville, 1868 to 1870.

Charles A. Bates, Marysville, from February, 1874, to April, 1874.

WilHam Hunter, Blue Rapids, from 1900 to 1903.

Lapier Williams, Marysville, served as superintendent of the school for
the blind, from 1892 to 1893 ^^'^^^ from 1899 to 1906.

xAugust Hohn, Marysville, was a member of the state board of charities,
from 1883 to 1885, and T. F. Rhodes, Frankfort, served from 1889 to 1893.

G. H. Hollenberg served as emigration agent, Hanover, Germany, from
1873 to 1874.

W. H. Smith, Marysville, served as president of the State Historical
Society in 1902 and as secretary of the state board of railroad commissioners,
from 1 90 1 to 1903, and on the John Brown park commission, 1909.

John Severance, of Axtell, served on the commission to establish the
state industrial reformatory at Hutchinson, 1885 to 1889.



2.~(y MAKSIIATJ. COUNTY, KANSAS.

Ed M. 'riirner, Mans\illc, served on the li\e slock s;initar}' commission,
1893 to 1896.

Jacob Weisbach. 1"" rank fort, servetl on the ccjmmission to assess raihT)ad
property in 1871.

Perry Hutchinson. Alarysville, on the same commission in 1873.

Dr. T. I. Hatfield, Marysville, served as president of the state board of
dental examiners, 1895 to 1903.

'\\ . S. Glass, Marysville, served on the state tax commission, 1907 to 191 1.

MARSHALL COUNTY MEN IN FEDERAL SERVICE.

'jMarshall county has furnished a number of men for the service of the
government. Frederick A. Stocks, chief clerk of the treasury department,
served from 1889 to 1893. ^^i'- Stocks was from Blue Rapids and after his
return from Washington, D. C, was elected state senator from Marshall
county. He engaged in banking in Blue Rapids and died in that city.

Frederick J. Bates, a native Marysville boy, now holds a position as
examiner of customs and is regarded as the government's leading sugar expert.

Samuel Porter served as a special examiner in the bureau of pensions,
resigning to accept the position of postmaster of Marysville.

James G. Shibley now holds the position of chief of the insecticide
division, department of agriculture.

Earl J. Butterfield, from the vicinity of Oketo, is now superintendent
of plant industry, department of agriculture.

Russell A. Oakley, of Center township, agrostologist, department of
agriculture.

Roland A. McKee, scientific assistant, plant industry, department of
agriculture.

EARLY ELECTIONS.

The first election was held in Marysville on March 31, 1855. The right
to vote had been conferred by the Kansas-Nebraska act upon every inhabi-
tant, otherwise qualified, who should be an actual resident. No period of
time was recjuired. A liberal construction was put on the law, and an organ-
ized band of men came to Marysville with wagons, horses^ tents, camping
equipment and provisions.

No opposition was offered them, as there were only two Free-State men
in the county. John D. Wells and G. H. Hollenberg. Marshall was elected
delegate to the Territorial Legislature.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 2/7

In October, 1857, at an election of the Territorial Legislature, James
White cast the only Free-State vote in the county. Andreas' "History of
Kansas" says: "At Marysville, on the Overland trail, a little colony of
Southerners had congregated, ostensibly for the purpose of building up the
town, but in reality to work in the interest of the pro-slavery party. Mar-
shall operated his ferry under a charter from the Territorial Legislature,
which allowed him to charge the gold seekers and all other Western pilgrims
the sum of hve dollars per wagon for crossing the river. There were per-
haps some half-dozen log cabins on the river bank near where R. Y. Shibley's
residence now stands.

"This was Marysville, the county seat of Marshall county and the home
of the candidate for governor of Kansas.

VOTING BY "ballot."

"On December 21, 1857, a vote was taken in one of the upper rooms
of one of the log cabins. The polls were opened for the vote on the adoption
of the Lecompton constitution, 'with slavery' or 'without slavery.' A soap
box was placed on the head of a whiskey barrel as a receptacle for the ballots.
As soon as this was filled, another box was to be substituted. A narrow
staircase led to a hole in the ceiling through which the voter would thrust
his hand, holding a ticket, and yell out his name or any name he happened
to think of at the time.

"He would then descend to make room for the next voter, imbibe all
the 'red eye' he could, conjure up a new name and await his opportunity to
vote again.

"Old Shanghai, or 'Shang,' as he was called, was a character from Sum-
ner, Atchison county, who came out with 'the gang,' to run the election.
'Shang' was pretty well 'corned' before the day had passed and, becoming
excited, sprang upon a whiskey barrel and offered to bet one hundred dollars
that he had voted more times than anyone present.

"His challenge was accepted and upon investigation it was found that
another member of the crowd had exceeded 'Shang.' This enterprising citi-
zen had in his possession a St. Louis directory and was voting right through
the 'A's.'

"According to the census, one hundred thirteen illegal votes were cast
on that day. It was some years before it was possible to convince the voters
that a 'free ballot and a fair count' meant that a man had but one vote, which
was to be counted but once."



2^8 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.



'"some voting."



In January and February, 1855, a census of Marshall county was taken
by B. H. Twombley. His returns showed : Males, 33 ; females, 3 ; voters,
24; minors, 5; natives of United States, 30; foreign born, 6.

On IMarch 30, 1855, an election was held for the purpose of electing
one representative and one member of the territorial council. At this election
F. J. Marshall received three hundred twenty-eight votes for representative
and John Donaldson received three hundred twenty-eight votes for member
of the council. Needless to say, these votes were pro-slavery, and with a
voting population only twenty-four in the county, this was "some voting."

Marshall served at Pawnee at the first meeting of the Territorial Legis-
lature, and Donaldson served in the council. Donaldson resigning, Marshall
was appointed to serve in the council.

POLITICAL PARTIES.

The two great parties. Republican and Democratic, have always had
strong adherents in Marshall county. But the electors have always mani-
fested a spirit of independence. The Greenback, Populist and Progressive
parties have had supporters, and have been able at times to elect members
of their respective political faith to office. In the campaign of 1916 party
lines were closely drawn and the victory at the polls went to the Republican
party.

Marshall was one of the few counties in Kansas which gave Hughes a
majority for President. T. P. O'Neill, county commissioner for the First
district, is the only representative of the Democratic party holding an elective
county office. He was elected at a prior election.

Among the stanch Democrats in the county in days past, will be remem-
bered, H. H. Lourey, Cal. T. Mann, J. S. Magill, John A. Broughton, R. Y.
Shibley, A. G. Barrett, D. C. Auld, M. L. Duncan. George S. Emmert, A. J.
Travelute, W. E. Lee, Stephen Stout and T. W. Waterson.

, The more active members of the party in recent years are : C. W.
Brandenburg, Andrew Shearer, W. W. Redmond, O. P. Rosenkranz, J. D.
Flannery, \V. H. Dexter, W, D. Patterson, William Bommer, P. J. Schu-
macher, G. H. Nelson, George Van Vliet, Clarence Coulter, Ed Hanna, Lu
Helvern, M. M. Schmitt, Frank Thomann, M. M. Haskins, H. M. Brod-
erick, L. R. Broderick, John Kramer, the Doctors Wilson, James Sullivan
and Michael Nestor.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 2/9

I

The standard-bearer of the Democratic party in the county is Hon. G. T.
Helvering, the present member of Congress from the Fifth congressional
district of Kansas. Mr. Helvering grew to manhood in the town of Beattie
where his parents now reside. He is a graduate of the Beattie schools and
also of the University of Kansas. He finished a course in law at Ann Arbor
and was elected county attorney of this county serving two terms. He de-
feated R. R. Rees, a Progressive, for Congress and is now serving his third
term.

Mr. Helvering is a man of fine appearance and pleasing personality and
soon won distinction in Congress and is at present a member of the ways
and means committee. His wife is a daughter of C. F. Koester, a prominent
pioneer of the county. ]\Irs. Helvering, who is an estimable woman, is a
member of the round table reading circle. Mr. and Mrs. Helvering have
a large circle of friends in Marshall county.

POPULIST POLITICS.

In the year 1892 Kansas went populist in politics and elections and the
Legislature of 1903 passed an omnibus bill repealing a number of Kansas
laws. Among the number was the act creating the twenty-first judicial dis-
trict. As Marshall, Riley and Clay counties comprised this district, the conse-
quence was that Marshall county was "no man's land," judicially.

Doubts were expressed as to the validity of legal transactions and a
newspaper discussion took place between Richard Hawkins, a member of the
Marshall county bar, and Ed. Hutchinson.

Finally the supreme court came to the rescue and put the district once
more into the "stern hands of the law."

One of the old settlers of the county who will be remembered by many
friends, was \\'. T. Pulleine, wdio served as probate judge for five terms.
Judge Pulleine was of English birth and came to Marshall county in 1870,
settled on a homestead near Home City, where he resided until 1895, when
he came to Marysville, making this city his home until his death in September,
1911.

KANSAS TERRITORIAL COUNCIL.

1855 — John Donaldson. 1858 — Andrew J. Mead.

1857 — Francis J. Marshall, to fill va- 1859 — Andrew J. IMead.

cancy caused by resignation i860 — Luther R. Palmer.

of John Donaldson. 1861 — Luther R. Palmer.
1857 — Special — Andrew J. Mead.



28o



MARSHALL COUNTY. KANSAS.



MEMBERS OF KANSAS LEGISLATURE.



855 — Francis J. Marshall.

856— J. P. Aliller.

857 — W. H. Jenkins.

858— T. P. .AliUer.

859 — T. S. \\iile.

860— J. S. Alagill.

861 — George G. Pierce.

861— D. C. Auld.

862 — Harrison Foster.

863 — J. Weisbach.

864 — J. D. Brumbaugh.

865— John D. Wells.

866 — James Smith.

867— J. D. W^ells.

868— A. G. Patrick.

869— W. H. Smith.

870— J. D. Wells.

871— W H. Smith.

872 — Alvinza Jeffers.

873 — I. C. Legere.

874 — Allen Reed.

875 — C. J. Brown.

876 — J. D. Brumbaugh.

877 — John Lockwood and W. W.

Smith.
SyS—W. W. Smith.
879— L. P. Hamilton. • -

880— W. \V. Smith.
S81— George W. Kelley.



1882— S. W. Hazen.

1883— J. D. Wells.

1884— W. S. Glass.

1885 — ^James Billingsley, T. F.
Rhodes.

1887— \\\ S. Glass, T. F. Rhodes.

1889 — Wellington Doty, Fred A.
Stocks.

189 1 — Wellington Doty, Marion Pat-
terson.

1893 — William Raemer, Jr.

1895 — William Raemer, Jr.

1897 — Richard B. Moore.

1898 — Special session, Richard B.
Moore.

1890— M. M. Haskin. Richard B.
Moore.

1 90 1 — L. V. McKee, Fred Pralle.

1903 — L. V. :\IcKee, Fred Pralle.

1905 — J- ^^- Rhodes, Fred Pralle.

1907— J- M. Rhodes, E. L. Willson.

1908 — Special session, J. M. Rhodes,
E. L. Willson.

1909 — J. M. Rhodes, John Kuoni.

191 1 — Andrew Shearer, E. L. Will-
son, Sr.

191 3 — J. J. Tilley, N. S. Kerschen.

1915— S. F. Paul, M. M. Schmidt.



Since 1885 Marshall has had two representatives in the lower house.
excepting the years 1893, 1895, 1897 and 1898.



STATE SENATORS.



1861-62 — Samuel Lappin.
1863-64— T. H. Baker.
1865-66— E. C. Manning.



1867-68— J. M Harvey.
1869-70 — A. A. Carnahan.
1871-72 — Philip Rockfeller.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 281

1873-74 — Frank Schmidt. 1897-99 — Fred A. Stocks.

1877-80 — C. J. Brown. 1901-07 — E. R. Fulton.

1881-84 — Perry Hutchinson. 1909-11 — W. P. Brown.

1885-87— W. W. Smith. 1913-15— R. S. Pauley.

1889-91 — E. A. Berry. 191 7 — F. G. Bergen.
1893-95 — James Shearer.



CHAPTER XIV.
Schools of Marshall County.

Kansans are justly ])roiKl of their common schools, as well as of the state
institutions of learning, and of the excellence of the teachers. Marshall
county has no state institutions for higher education, but the high schools
of the towns, as well as the rural and parochial schools, maintain a standard
which is not surpassed in the state. The presence of substantial school houses
in the districts and the fine high school buildings in the towns, tell the story
of progress along educational lines. But it is the duty of the historian to
hark back to early days and early teachers, and to recall the ditScult path of
the teacher of more than sixty years ago.

Up to 1859 there was not a school house in Marshall county, and to four
men, then bachelors, belongs the credit of putting up the first school house in
the county. These young pioneers were Eli Puntney, D. M. Leavitt, A. M.
Bell and Henry Ret, of Barrett, Vermillion township.

FIRST SCHOOL DISTRICT.

School district No. i, Barrett, was the first legally organized district in
Marshall county. This was in 1859, and the school house built by the boys
was fourteen by twenty-four feet. The lumber was given by A. G. Barrett
and the work was donated. Andreas states that John Crawford was the first
teacher, but Eli Puntney, the only survivor of the building committee, asserts
that there was no real school held for two years and gives a good and valid
reason: "Bless you, there were no children." Mr. Puntney says that W. S.
Blackburn was the first teacher in 1860-61. As the records show that Mr.
Blackburn was the county superintendent during those years, it is evident his
duties were not pressing, as at that time there were but two organized school
districts in the county.

The cause of education was not entirely neglected, since a number of
private, or "select" schools were kept. Miss Jennie Robb taught a select
school in Marysville in a frame house, which stood on the site of the old
"Sullivan House." Miss Kate Weber also had a small private school. These
schools were continued until 1861, when district No. 4 was legally organized,
and a small frame school house was erected at a cost of seven hundred dollars.
A. S. Newell and P. O. Robins were among the first teachers.



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 283

Schools were taught in the various settlements in the county, wherever
there were children. Rev. Samuel Walker, a Methodist minister, taught
school in 1858, in a cabin at the mouth of Fawn creek. In 1859 Lucy Thomp-
son Palmer taught a small school near where Blue Rapids now stands ; Emma
Thompson taught in a house on the Little Blue near where the gypsum mill
now stands, and continued this school in 1864-65. Fanny Jeffers taught in a
log cabin at the mouth of Coon creek in 1861. Mrs. Whitmore, Mrs. Choate
and E. A. Berry were teachers before the railroad was built. These were all
private schools, not supported by state or county. There was no W'aterville



Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 25 of 104)