Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

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township. In 19 14 he was elected to represent his district in the state Legis-
lature and was re-elected in November, 19 16. As a member of the Legis-
lature he has demonstrated his ability as a leader and has served on the fol-
lowing important committees : Assessments and taxation ; education ; mines
and mining ; county seats and county lines ; immigration, and ways and
means. He introduced into the house the bill known as the ''Mortgage
Registration Law," which was later declared unconstitutional. The law-
would do away with the system of double taxation, and it is more than prob-
able that a constitutional amendment will be made, so that a law may be
passed that will incorporate the provisions of the bill introduced by Mr. Paul.



CHARLES WILSON BRANDENBURG, D. D. S.

It lias been said that probably no one man has done more to rehabilitate
the Democratic party in Kansas than has Dr. Charles W. Brandenburg, the
well-known dental surgeon at Frankfort, this county. And his friends affirm
this statement to be true. At any rate, it may be truthfully said that no one
has been more faithful in the service of the party or more ardent in his champ-
ionship of the principles of Democracy than has Doctor Brandenburg. From
the days of his boyhood, when, at eighteen years of age, he succeeded in
effecting an organization of Democrats in Jackson county, right in a very
hotbed of rampant Republicanism, Doctor Brandenburg has been unceasing
in his advocacy of the principles of the party he has held dear to his heart
and, in season and out of season, morning, noon and night, has given his most



502 .MAKSIIAI.L COL'XTV, KANSAS.

earnest atteiuinii lo the wDrk of perfeclinjj- an elYeetive organization of the
party in this state.

As noted above, it was when Htlle more than a Ijoy that Doctor Branden-
burg gained a reputation for study Democracy throughout this state by his
zealous efforts on behalf of an organization of that party in liis home county.
Not long before lie had come here from his native Virginia and had located
at Holton. in Jackson comit}'. a place where Democrats were mighty few and
far between. Holton had been settled by .Vbolitionists and in the early
eighties Republicanism still was dominant as a i)olitical factor there. Despite
the many obstacles thus presented, young Brandenburg in 1882 succeeded in
effecting a strong working organization of the Democratic party in Jackson
county and thus came to the earlv and favorable notice of the party managers
in this state. From that time forward few men in Kansas were more active
or influential in the councils of the party in this state than he and for a score
or more of years he has been one of the most familiar figures at the banquets
and gatherings of his party in this state and in other states of the middle
West, while for years he has been recognized as the wise and kindly dictator
of his party in this district. In 1894 Doctor Brandenburg was the nominee
of his party as the representative from this district to Congress, in opposition
to W. D. Calderhead. Imt that was Republican year in this district and his
party's genial ambition in his behalf was not gratified. In 1896 Doctor
Brandenburg was a delegate from this district to the national Democratic
convention at Chicago that first nominated William Jennings Bryan for the
Presidency, and was one of the most influential among- the enthusiastic yonng
men who secured for Air. Bryan the nomination amid scenes of political fer-
vor that are now historic. In iqoo Doctor Brandenburg was selected with
David Obermeyer to go to Washington to present the claims of Kansas City
for the national convention before the national Democratic committee, that
year, and when convention hall was burned not long before the time for the
holding of the convention, he was the first man to telegraph one himdred dol-
lars to the fund for the rebuilding of the same. In 1904 and in 1908 the
Doctor also was a delegate to the national conventions of his party and in
191 2 was one of the enthusiastic party of Kansans present at the national
convention at Baltimore, where he was an ardent champion of the nomination
of Woodrow Wilson. The Doctor organized this district for Wilson and
did much effective work during the memorable campaign of 1912. Since
1884 lie has attended, as a delegate or as an alternate, every state and national
convention of his party and has been prominent in the councils of the party
throughout this section. For twenty-two years he was district chairman of



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 503

the party and a metnljer of the state committee of the same, while for six-
teen years lie was a member of the state executive committee of seven mem-
bers and for eioht vears was chairman of the Marshall countv central com-
mittee. \A'hen the Doctor took charge of his party in this county few Demo-
crats had held office here, but in 191 2 Wilson carried the county and prac-
tically the entire Democratic- -county ticket was elected. Doctor Branden-
burg is a man of large stature — big of body and big of brain — a natural
leader of men. He is widely traveled. ha\-ing been in every city of conse-
cjuence in the United States, and has a wide acquaintance among politicians
throughout the country. He is a meinber of nearly a score of fraternal and
secret societies and has been prominently identified with the higher councils
of the fraternal orders with w hich he has been affiliated.

Dr. Charles W. Brandenburg is a native son of the Old Dominion, but
has been a resident of Kansas since he was fifteen years of age and is thus
as much a Kansan as though "native and to the manner born." He was
born in Loudoun county, Virginia, January 30, 1865, a son of Virginia parents,
of German descent and of Colonial stock, some of his ancestors having served
as soldiers of the ])atriot army during the Revolutionary War. The founder
of the family in America was a member of an European noble family, one
of the Prussian Brandenburgs, who came to this country in Colonial days and
established his home in Virginia.

In 1880, he then being fifteen years of age, Charles W. Brandenburg left
Virginia and came out to Kansas to make his home with an uncle at Holton.
There he completed his common schooling in the Holton high school and
then entered Campbell University at Holton, being one of Professor Miller's
first students, and attended that institution during the years 1883-84, after
which he began the study of dentistry in the office of Dr. A. W. Davis, at
Holton, presently beginning the practice of that profession there and was thus
engaged until 1888, when he entered the old Kansas City Dental College and
after supplementary instruction there, in 1890, located at Frankfort, where
he opened an office for the practice of his profession and where he ever since
has been located, long having been one of the best-known and most success-
ful dental surgeons in northern Kansas, his clientage extending to many
towns and cities hereabout.

In 1885, at Holton. Dr. Charles W. Brandenburg was united in marriage
to Addie M. Kellar, a daughter of the Hon. J. H. Kellar, former district
judge and for many years a member of the Kansas state Legislature, and
to this union two children have been born, Fay, wif'C of Dr. W. W. Reed,
of Blue Rapids, and Marjorie, who is still in school. Mrs. Brandenburg is



504 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

postmistress at Frankfort, having received her commission to that important
office from President Wilson. The Brandenhurgs have a very pleasant home
at Frankfort and ha\e ever taken a proper part in the general social and cul-
tural activities of that city.



RUFUS SWAIN CRAFT, M. D.

Few men had more to do witli the growth and development of Blue
Rapids, Marshall county, and few were held in greater esteem for their good
work than was Dr. Rufus Swain Craft, a native of Winchester, Virginia,
where he was born on February 11, 1831, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth
(Hines) Craft. Doctor Craft first came to the state of Kansas in 1859 and
was ever active in the affairs of his home community, until the time of his
death on Alarch 8, 1908.

Samuel Craft was born in the state of New Jersey in 1808, and was
the son of Benjamin Craft and wife. The father was a native of Maryland,
where he received his education and there grew to manhood, when he located
in New Jersey. The Craft family was, without doubt, of Welsh origin ; the
great-grandfather of Doctor Craft came to America in the middle of the
eighteenth century and located in Maryland, where he was married and
where he died a great many years ago. Benjamin Craft, the grandfather of
Doctor Craft, after a residence of some years in New Jersey, located near
Zanesville, Ohio, which at that time was known as the far West. There he
and his family established their liome on a farm, and there the father died.
The son, Samuel, who came to Ohio with his father, learned the trade of a
shoemaker at Zanesville. He followed this work for a number of years and
worked at difTerent places, and it was while working at Georgetown, D. C,
that he met and married Elizabeth Hines. For a time after their marriage
they lived at Georgetown, after which they moved to Winchester, Virginia,
and from there to Lawrenceburg, Indiana, in 1833. Samuel Craft spent
many years of his life in Lawrenceburg, and in 1870, he came to Kansas,
where his son was then living. Some time after coming to the state he
engaged with the Santa Fe Railroad at Topeka, and remained with the com-
pany until a week before his death, which occurred in January, 1888, at the
age of eighty-six years. His wife, Elizabeth Craft, was a native of the
District of Columbia, and died at her home in Lawrenceburg in 1844.

Some years after the death of his first wife, Samuel Craft was married



i








Dli. IIIFI'S S. CKAIT




Mi:S. ANNA P.. CUAIT



PUBLIC LH






MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 505

to Jane Boice, who died at her liome in Topeka, Kansas, in 1887. The early
members of the family of Elizabeth (Hines) Craft were the owners of the
site of the city of Washington and were prominent factors in the social and
civic life of their time. They were descendants of the Swain families of
Virginia and of John Wolfe and Pocahontas.

To Samuel and Elizabeth (Hines) Craft were born three children:
Samuel A., Julia, the wife of George W. Denies, and Rufus Swain, all of
whom are now deceased with the exception of Mrs. Benies, of Indianapolis,
Indiana. Mr. and Mrs. Craft were excellent people, educated and refined.
Mr. Craft was an honest and industrious man, and devoted his life to his
trade until he accepted employment with the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad
at Lawrenceburg. He was active in the Masonic order and in the Indepen-
dent Order of Odd Fellows, and at the time of his death, it was said that
he was the oldest member of the latter order in the state. Few men of the
community were held in higher regard, and at his funeral on one of the
coldest days of the year, an imposing cortege composed of Masons, Odd
Fellows, railroad employees and friends, followed his remains to the grave.

Rufus Swain Craft, wIkj was but two years of age when his parents
established their home in Lawrenceburg, was reared in that city and there
received his educational training in the public schools and the Lawrenceburg
Institute. AA'hile pursuing his studies in the latter school, where he was
taking up the study of medicine, the Mexican War started. He was but
sixteen years of age at the time, yet he laid aside his studies and passing
himself for eighteen years, he enlisted in the Fourth Indiana Infantry, and
saw active service under General Taylor and General Scott. He was with
the forces at battles of Huamantla and Atalixco and the siege of Pueblo, in
addition to many other skirmishes. After having served for some fourteen
months, he returned to Lawrenceburg in 1848 and continued his studv of
medicine in the institute of that place. After completing the work, he was
employed as an instructor in the institution for a time, and later attended
medical lectures in Cincinnati, Ohio. He had then reached his majority, and
emigrated to Putnam county, Missouri, where he entered the practice of
medicine with his uncle. Dr. John Hines. He remained here for four vears,
when he located in Harrison county, Missouri, where he engaged in the
practice until 1859, when he located in Holton, Jackson county, Kansas.

Doctor Craft was always interested in mill enterprises and. in 1865,
he with his brother and a third partner decided to make a tour of inspection
of some of the rivers of the state. Doctor Craft was given the section of



5o6 MARSHALL COUNTY,, KANSAS.

Blue Rapids; wlicre the llirecAverc to meet later. At this meeting it was
decided that tlie power at P)liie Rapids was tlie best, and the three, as part-
ners, purchased twn hundred .and eighty-seven acres, at Blue Rapids, which
also gave them tlie power further up the river. The .doctor purchased in his
own right, seventy acres, which now adjoins Blue Rapids on the west. The
propertv. held in partnershij). was held until i(S70, when the tract was sold
to the Genesee cokmy, which laid out the town of Blue Rapids. Up to the
time of the platting of the town. Doctor Craft was a resident of Holton, l)ut
in 1872 he moved to Blue Rapids, the town he helped lay out and here he
began his medical practice in Marshall county. He also conducted a drug
store, one of the first in this section. He later owned the ])uilding in which
he had his office and wiiere he conducted his store.

Alwavs interested in the milling business, Doctor Craft was one of the
group of men who Iniilt the stone flouring-mill on the east side of Blue river,
next the dam that had been constructed. This mill was operated until 1876
])v Olmstead Brothers, at which time it was under the direction of J- S.
Wright & Company. Doctor Craft still retained his interest in the mill he
had assisted in establisliing and which had so much to do with the early
progress of Blue Rapids. In August, 1887, the mill was sold to P. H.
JMcHale, and the doctor retired from the business. To him has ever been
<:iven much of the credit for the establishment of one of the important in-
dustries of the city. For many years the milling enterprises of Blue Rapids
liave been recognized as among the greatest in this section of Kansas, and
their products have become known throughout the confines of many a state.
At the time Doctor Craft disposed of his interests in the mill, he also dis-
posed of his interest in Jackson county, where he devoted his time and atten-
tion to the practice of his profession. For many years he was the leading
practitioner of this section, and in later years he had an extensive office prac-
tice. His careful attention to business and his excellent ability and knowledge
of medicine, won for him the highest commendation of the people of the dis-
trict, and won for him a high place in the profession. Few men won higher
approval in their work and few were held in greater regard and esteem.

On October 16. 1852, Rufus Swain Craft was united in marriage to Anna
B. Bledsoe, in Putnam county, Kansas. Mrs. Craft was born at Ghent, Carroll
county, Kentucky, where her forefathers had settled on their removal from
Virginia. She was of a well-known family in her native state, many of whom
became prominent in the various affairs of the state and nation. Her uncle,
Jesse Bledsoe, was a well-known United States senator, and another uncle,
Lewis Saunders, was one of the very first residents of the state to engage in



MARSHALL- COUNTY, KANSAS. 507

the importation of fine stock, for which the Bkie Grass state has since become
famous. Mrs. Craft was born on January lo, 1834, and was the daughter of
Aaron and Ehnore (Bond) Bledsoe, the father being a native of Virginia,
and the mother of the state of Pennsylvania, she having been born near the
town of Beaver. Both the Bledsoe and Boyd famihes were prominent in
their native states, and after their location in the Blue Grass region, they were
among the influential and prosperous people of the state. The family was
a worthy one, and to them is due much of the wonderful advancement and
progress of the state that is known the world over, for its fine horses and
splendid cattle.

To Rufus Swain and Anna B. Craft were born the followino- children :
George, William, Ella, Samuel Adolphus, Emma, Julia and Edward. George,
a bright young man of nineteen years, had completed the work in the local
schools and had entered the medical department of the Campbell University
at Holton, when he was taken with consumption. His father took him to
Colorado, Mexico and California, in the hope of some relief, but the dread
disease had taken too firm a hold and he passed away at Santa Anna, Cali-
fornia, on July I, 1887; William R. died in infancy; Ella completed her edu-
cation in the local school and married Clement E. Coulter, the son of William
and Eliza (Lince) Coulter. His parents were natives of Ireland and
were of a prominent family. His paternal great-grandfather was a major in
the British army, but his son Charles, the grandfather of Clement E., was
reared on the home farm in the native land. Charles Coulter was married
in Ireland to Jane Cluxton, a native of the County Louth. To this union
six children were born, all of whom came to America with their parents, with
the exception of William and his sister, Jane, who later came to the new
land. William Coulter was a man of much ability and possessed of a high
education, having completed the course of study at the classical school of
Cootehill, and later attained a high place as an apothecary, and took an active
part in helping the victims of the cholera scourge in Ireland in 1831. In
1842 he was united in marriage to Eliza Llnce, a native of Dublin, Ire-
land, and a woman of pleasing qualities and loved by all who knew her. They
were the parents of twelve children, two of whom died in infancy, the others
receiving an excellent education in the higher institutions of learning. The
son, Clement E., graduated from schools of pharmacy, both in Canada and
Philadelphia, and later entered the drug business with his father-in-law, Doctor
Craft, at Blue Rapids, where he and his wife were among the prominent and
active members of the local social life, vmtil the time of her death on Decem-
ber 29, 1888; Samuel Adolphus was born in the northern part of Missouri



5o8 MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

and (lied at the ai^e of six years; Emma died at the age of three years, and
Edward, at the age of two years; Julia received her education in the local
schools and later was united in marriage, on Decemljer 25, 1882, to Henry
I. Hewitt, one of .the well-known and prosperous residents of the county, who
was l)orn in Ohio. To this union one son. George C, was born, whose birth
occurred on December 20, 1886. He completed his education in the high
school of Blue Rapids and later entered the employ of the American Refining
and Smelting Company and is now located at Garfield, Utah, and is one of
their trusted and valued men. Henry I. Hewitt, who was for many years
an employee of the Canton, Ohio, Bridge Company, died at Elyria, Ohio,
on December i, 1912. During his employment with that company he and
his wife maintained their home in Blue Rapids, where Mrs. Hewitt was one
of the charter members of the Order of the Eastern Star. The early mem-
bers of the Hewitt family settled at Southport, Connecticut, on the mother's
side. On the father's side, at Middletown, Maryland, and later moved to the
Western Reserve in Ohio. The mother of Henry I. Hewitt, Elizabeth
Hewitt, was a woman of much ability and was noted for her great memory.
His grandmother, Eveline Woods, married Capt. George Smith, who was lost
at sea, after which she married Doctor Sherwood, of Southport, Connecticut.
His death occurred some years later and she was then married to Philo
Wells, W'ho lived to be ninety-nine years of age, and the grandmother, who
was born on November 11, 181 1, lived until April i, 19 10.

Clement E. and Ella Coulter were the parents of three children : Edna,
Royal and Anna. Edna received her education in the schools of Blue Rapids,
and later married Frank Wigginton, who is a cousin of the present wife of
President Woodrow Wilson. They now live at Wells City, Missouri, and are
among the highly respected and influential people of the state. Royal S. and
Anna Florence are now residents of Los Angeles, California.

Doctor Craft was a man of great personality, and while he was not in
any sense a seeker after office, the people of Jackson county elected him county
commissioner, county treasurer and to the state Legislature in 1862; he also
served as a member of the city council of Blue Rapids for a number of years.
He filled these positions with dignity and honor, and displayed much ability
and fidelity to the people of his community. He was a man of sound judg-
ment on all professional and business matters, and his judgment and intellect
were sharpened by his long years of experience and his contact with the gen-
eral public. As a physician, he stood at the head of his profession in Marshall
county, and his services were in constant demand. As a man of business he
was always trusted and as. a citizen he was held in the highest regard and



MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS. 5OQ

esteem by all who knew him. It was his effort at all times to work for the
best interests of Bine Rapids and the surrounding country, and today his
memory is held in reverence by all.



PETER j. SCHUMACHER.

Peter J. Schumacher, proprietor of a flourishing marble-cutting estab-
lishment at Marysville and one of the well-known and progressive business
men of that city, is a native of the neighboring state of Wisconsin, but has
been a resident of Marshall county since pioneer days, having been but a child
when his parents moved to this county and took their place among the
pioneer residents of this part of the state. He was born on a farm in Ozaukee
county, Wisconsin, October 12, 1861, son of Peter and Susan (Koppes)
Schumacher, natives of Europe, wdiose last days were spent in this county,
honored and influential pioneer residents of the same.

Peter Schumacher and Susan Koppes were born in the grand duchy
of Luxemburg and grew to maturity there. In 185 1 they joined a party
of their fellow-countrymen and came to this country, the sailing vessel on
which they took passage being seventy-six days making the voyage. They
were married shortly before they started to this country and settled on a
farm in Ozaukee county, Wisconsin, whence they presently moved to Mich-
igan, where they remained until 1866, when they decided to put in their
lot with the considerable number of homesteaders who were then making
their way to this part of Kansas. Erom the railway terminus at St. Joseph,
Missouri, they drove through with their little farmily to Marshall county,
traveling by "prairie schooner" and ox-team. Peter Schumacher home-
steaded a quarter of a section of raw land in section 12 of Herkimer town-
ship, this county, erected a log house on the same and there established his
home. He broke up his land with his oxen and proceeded to get in a crop,
but his early operations were greatly hampered and set back by, the inva-
sion of grasshoppers in tliis part of the state about that time and he had
much difficulty in getting a start in the new land, being compelled to leave
his pioneer farm and go to Hutchinson mills at Marysville, where he found
employment at a wage of one dollar a day, paid in bacon and corn-meal, on
which humble fare he sustained his family until brighter days came. Mr.
Schumacher gradually improved his farm, bringing the same up to a high
state of cultivation, and after awhile added an adjoining quarter section to



5IO MARSHALL COUNTY, KANSAS.

Ill's land In)kliii£;s. coining to be acconntcd mic of the substantial farmers of
that section of the county. There he spent the remainder of his life, his
death occurring in TCJ13. at the age of seventy-eight years. His widow sur-
vived him about three years, her death occurring in 191 6, she then being
at the age of eighty-iive years. They were members of the Catholic church
and their children were reared in the faith of that church. There were six
of these children, of whom the subject of this sketch was the third in order
or Im'iiIi. the others being as follow: Margaret, who married Nicholas
^Icllinger and is now deceased; Katherine, who married C. A. Huber and
is now deceased : Mathias, who li\-es at Moscow, Idaho ; Stephen, of Marys-



Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 47 of 104)