Emma Elizabeth Calderhead Foster.

History of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions online

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1857, and is the son of Arnold and Elizabeth (Dwelkotte) Schulte. These
parents were also natives of Germany and there they spent their lives ; the
father died in 1906 at the age of ninety-three years, and the mother died in
1878 at the age of forty-three years. They were the parents of ten children,
five of whom are now living, Henry being the fifth born. Arnold Schulte
was a successful farmer as was his father, Arnold Schulte, before him. Mr.
and Airs. Schulte were devout members of the Catholic church and were
highly respected in the community in which they lived.

Henry Schulte was educated in the schools of his native land and there
he grew to manhood. At the age of sixteen years, in 1874, he decided to
seek his fortune in America. On his arrival in the United States he located
at Cincinnati, Ohio, and worked in that vicinity for eight years as a farm
hand. He then purchased a dair3^ which he operated until 1883, when he
sold the business and came to Kansas. He purchased one hundred and sixty
acres of land in Elm Creek township and engaged in general farming. There
was an old house on the place, in which he lived for some years. He had


gone in debt for his farm, and was determined to make good. Being a hard
worker and possessed of excellent business judgment, he was on the way to
success. Tn J 803 he built a splendid seven-room brick house and in 191 2 a
large and modern barn. The latter structure is conveniently arranged for
feeding and has a hay mow that will hold over sixty tons of hay. In 191 6
he built a large barn for the housing of his stock. This building is one of
the best of its kind in the community. He takes the greatest interest in the
upkeep of his farm and buildings, and is considered one of the most suc-
cessful of the general farmers and stockmen in the county. He keeps only
the best of cattle and hogs, and each year he has many fine animals to put
on the market at the highest prices. He has increased his original farm
until he is now the owner of seven hundred acres of most excellent land, the
greater part of which he has in a fine state of development.

In 1883 Mr. Schulte was united in marriage to Tressia Cohorst, who
was born in Oldenburg, Germany, on October 2^, 1865. In her native land
she received her educational' training and there she continued to live until
she was eighteen years of age, when in 1883, she came to America wnth her
parents, Fredinald and Fredricka (Wassenberg) Cohorst. The family, on
their arrival in the United States came to Kansas, where the father estab-
lished a home for his family on a farm in Elm Creek township, Marshall
county, and there he engaged in general farming, with success, until the time
of his death some years ago; the mother is still living in the township. Mr.
and Mrs. Cohorst were always held in the highest regard by the people of
their home township.

To Henry and Tressia Schulte have been born the following children :
Henry, Fredia, Ferd, Joseph, Frank and Aloysius. Henry A. is now a suc-
cessful young farmer and stockman of Elm Creek township ; Fredia is the
wife of Joe Lubeke, who is engaged in farming on Mr. Schulte's farm in
the township; Ferd is deceased; Joseph, after completing his education entered
the First National Bank of Marysville, and is now the assistant cashier;
Frank is at home and Alovsius is attending Benedict's Colleeie at Atchison,
Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Schulte are active members of the Catholic church
and are among the most prominent and popular residents of the township,
where they are held in high regard and esteem. They have by their genial
personality and consideration for the interests of others, won for themselves
a high place in the estimation of the people of the district. They have ever
taken much interest in the affairs of the community, and have always advo-
cated and practiced a high standard of living. They have had much to do
with the high standard of social conditions that exist in Elm Creek town-


ship, and they have supported those enterprises that would tend to advance
the best interests of the county.

Mr. Schulte is a man of broad views and excellent judgment and abil-
ity, and while he has never been a seeker after office, his advice is often
sought on matters that pertain to the public welfare. He is an advocate of
good roads and the best schools. He believes it the duty of all men to use
their best efforts in the selection of the best officials to administer the affairs
of the county and the state. Politically, he is an independent, and has served
his township as trustee and treasurer, and has been road overseer, all of
which positions he has filled with distinction. He gave the same care and
attention to the affairs of the township that he gives to his own business.
He and his wife have a pleasant home and an ideal family. Mr. Schulte is
an active member of the Catholic Men's Benevolent Association, and is de-
voted to the cause of Christianitv and moralitv.


Oliver R. Alanly. a well-known young farmer of St. Bridget township,
this county, was born in Missouri on August ly, 1889, son of Allen and
Emma (Steadman) Manly, the former of whom was born in Ohio and is
now living in Barber county, this state. Allen Manly was the eldest of seven
children born to his parents and was married twice, his second marriage
having been without issue. To his union with Emma Steadman eight chil-
dren were born, of whom the subject of this sketch was the sixth in order of
birth, the others being as follow : Joseph, who is living in Barber county,
this state : ?^Irs. Sadie Abernacky, of Wichita ; ]Mrs. Audrey Boden. de-
ceased : ]\Irs. Maggie Smith, of Springfield, ^lissouri ; Lonnie, of Barber
county : Anna, who also lives in Barber county, and Charles, who is working
for his brother, Oliver R. ^lanly, in this county.

Reared on a farm, Oliver R. ]\Ianly has been engaged as a farmer all
his life and early discerned the possibilities of modern methods applied to
agriculture, being an ardent advocate of progressive methods in tilling the
soil. In 191 1 he came to Marshall county and has since made his home here,
being now engaged in farming the old James \\'. Manly farm in St. Bridget
township, the place belonging to his brothers-in-law. his labors co-operating
with theirs in bringing that place to its highest development and most profit-
able cultivation.

On October 17, 1916, Oliver R. Manly was united in marriage to Mrs.


Sadie (Manly) Rodgers. who was boni in Murray township, this county,
November ir. 1879, daughter of James W. and Mary A. (Ford) Manly, the
former of whom was a son of Beveridge and Sidney (Bowies) Manly, pion-
eers of Marshall county, further mention of whom is made elscwliere in this
volume. James W. Alanly was born in Ohio in 1852. In 1875 '""^ married
Mary A. Ford, who was born in Livingston county, Illinois, April 14, 1855.
They settled in this county and at the time of his death in 191 5 James W.
Manlv was the owner of a fine farm of two hundred and forty acres in St.
Bridget township, where his widow still makes her home, being tenderly
cared for there by her daughter, Airs. Oliver Manly.

To James W. and Mary A. (Ford) Manly five children were born,
namely: Mrs. Lillie Pattridge, of Murray township, this county; Sadie, the
wife of Oliver R. Manly, the subject of this biographical sketch; John H.,
who is assisting in the farming of the home place in St. Bridget township;
James R., of Marv^sville, and Robert Elmer, who is also at home assisting
in the management of the farm. In 1900 Sadie Alanly married George
Rodgers, who was born in Monmouth, Illinois, March 2, 1880, son of Duty
and Mary (Bow-es) Rodgers, natives of Illinois, who came to Kansas in
1882 and settled on a farm in Murray towniship, this county. George
Rodgers died on May 20, 191 5, leaving a widow and one child, a daughter,
Rachel, who was born on February 8, 1903.


Thomas H. Skalla. a pioneer of Blue Rapids township, Marshall county,
and for many years one of its highly respected citizens and successful farm-
ers, was born in Bohemia on December 25, 1841, and he lived in that country
until 1867. In his native land he received his education in the public schools
and became identified with the farm life. His parents were also natives of
that country, and Mr. Skalla remained at home until he w'as tw-enty-two years
of age, wdien in 1863 he was united in marriage to Teresie Hromatke, w'ho
was born on December 3, 1843. After their marriage they established their
home amid the scenes of their early life, and there they lived for four years.
They were progressive young people, and their desire w^as to reach a higher
plane, than that to which they had been accustomed. With this desire in
view^ thev decided to seek a home in America. On their arrival in the
United States they at once came to low^a, where they lived in Lynn county



for three years. They then moved to Riley county, Kansas, where they
homesteaded eiglity acres of land in 1870. They built a log cabin and pro-
ceeded to develop their new farm. They met with much success and made
many valuable improvements on the place and there they resided for ten
years, after which, in the year 1880, they came to Marshall county, and estab-
lished their home in Blue Rapids township. Here they purchased a farm,
which at that time was undeveloped and unimproved, but which in time they
made into one of the fine farms of the county. They increased their land
holdings and in time became the owners of over four hundred acres of splen-
did land, all of which was placed under high cultivation and well improved.
The tract was later sold to the children, all of whom were helped to good
farms of their own.

To Thomas H. and Teresie Skalla were born the following children :
Joseph. Thomas, John, Julia, George, Jennie, William, Emma, Amiel, Fred
and Clara. Joseph is a successful farmer; Thomas is a prominent farmer
of Blue Rapids township ; John is a merchant of Blue Rapids and is meeting
with much success ; Julia Lamb resides in Blue Rapids township, where her
husband is a successful farmer and stockman; George is also a well-known
and progressive farmer of Blue Rapids township; Jennie Dobrorlmy resides
in Cottage Hill township, where her husband is meeting with success on the
farm; William is in Colorado; Emma Woriechek is a resident of Cottage
Hill township where she and her husband are among the prominent people
of their community ; Amiel is engaged in general farming and stock raising
in Blue Rapids township: Fred is at home; and Clara Nowak resides in Blue
Rapids township, where Mr. Nowak is engaged in farming with success.

Mr. and Mrs. Skalla are active members of the Catholic church and
have reared their family in the faith of that denomination, and they are
among the highly respected people of Marshall county, where they have lived
for so manv vears, and where thev have had so much to do with the general
development of the district. Their lives have been active ones, and their
early days on the plains were full of adventure and hardships. They made
the journey from Iowa with horses and wagon and were twenty-eight days
on the way. Blue river at the time they crossed it, was so low that their
seven-year-old boy was able to cross without any assistance.

On their arrival at their new farm in Marshall county, Mr. Skalla built
a residence in which the family lived for some years. He built a log cabin
in Riley county. The only tool that he had was an ax, and his only assist-



ance was his team of horses. He and liis wife were determined to have a
home of tlieir own and their efforts were crowned witli success. Today they
are among the substantial residents of llic county and are now enjoying their
hves on the farm where tlicy have Hved for the past thirty-seven years.


Godfrey H. Nelson, former treasurer of Lincoln township, the first man
to settle in section 23 of that towaiship and the owner there of one of the best
c[uarter-section farms in Marshall county, is a native of the kingdom of
Sweden, but has been a resident of this country since 1874 and of Kansas
since 1876, being thus very properly regarded as one of the real pioneers of
Marshall county, the development of which he has watched since the days
of the open range and to which development he has added his full share as a
citizen, for years having taken an active and influential part in the public and
general affairs of the community. He was born on October 2, 1853, son of
Carl August and Mary Nelson, also natives of Sweden, who spent all their
lives in their native land, and he remained in his native land until he -was
twenty-one years of age, when he came to this country and two years later
settled in Marshall county. Four sisters and one brother of Mr. Nelson pre-
ceded him to this country, namely : Albertina, wife of Claus Anderson, wdio
is a pioneer farmer in section 22 of Lincoln towaiship, this county; Albin, of
Chicago; Mrs. Henricka Anderson, of Chicago; Mrs. Mena Chinland.' also
of Chicago, and Mrs. Selma Nelson, of South Bend, Indiana.

It was in 1874 that Godfrey H. Nelson left his native land and crossed
the ocean to the United States, landing here practically penniless. For a
short time after his arrival in this country he was engaged as a teamster at
Providence, Rhode Island, working for the B. B. Knight Manufacturing
Company, beginning that employment at a wage of one dollar and fifty cents
a day. Presently that wage w'as reduced to one dollar and twenty-five cents
and then was cut to one dollar, which Mr. Nelson regarded as insufficient
and he made up his mind to come West. Borrowing enough money to take
him to Chicago, he remained in that city for six months, w^orking at odd
jobs until in October, 1876, when he came to Kansas, with a view to joining
his sister, Albertina, and her husband. Claus Anderson, who had a short time
before settled in the eastern part of Marshall county, in Avhat then was Noble
township, but which later was created into Lincoln township. Mr. Nelson


missed his train at Atchison, but through the kindness of Superintendent
Downs, of the raih'oad company, was enabled to ride tO' VermilHon on an
extra train. Upon his arrival at Vermillion he walked out to his brother-in-
law's farm through the lush grass of the open prairie and the prospect both
pleased and amazed him. The broad prairie, with the grass waving in the
fall breezes like the waves of the ocean, presented to him a new and novel
view and he was deeply impressed by the sight, as well as convinced that
land that could produce grass in such amazing luxuriance could be converted
into the most wonderful farms. Until the June following his arrival in this
county Mr. Nelson remained with his brother-in-law, working for his board,
and then he took employment with Capt. Perry Hutchison at Marysville and
was thus engaged for more than three years, during which time he aided in
the construction of the elevator. After his marriage in 1880 Mr. Nelson
rented a farm in Rock township and there made his home for three years,
at the end of which time he bought the farm on which he is now living, a
quarter section in section 2t, of Lincoln township, paying ten dollars an acre
for the same, established his home there and has ever since resided on that
place, which he has improved and brought up to a degree of cultivation ex-
celled by no other farm in the county. Upon taking possession of that farm
Mr. Nelson was the first settler in the section in which his place lies. He
put up a small house, tweh-e by sixteen feet, and started out in a modest way,
for he had gone heavily in debt for his farm, having saved but four hundred
dollars at the time he bought it. but he prospered from the very start and
now has a fine home and a well-improved farm and he and his family are
very comfortably situated. Mr. Nelson has traveled quite a bit not only in
the United States, but in Canada, and he is always glad to get back to
Marshall county, regarding this as one of the best agricultural regions in
the entire country. Starting on his unbroken farm heavily in debt and facing
responsibilities that might have daunted a less stout-hearted man, Mr. Nelson
now does not owe a dollar and has a fine piece of property in Vermillion
and now lives as a retired farmer, and believes that any other man can do
as well with Kansas land if he tries.

In February, 1880, Godfrey H. Nelson was united in marriage to
Augusta Johnson, who also was born in Sweden, in 1848, and who came to
this country in 1871, and to this union three children have been born, Effie,
who is at home ; Mamie, who is now engaged as a stenographer in Kansas
City, Missouri, and Everett W. Nelson, who has ever been a capable assistant
to his father in the management of the home farm and who recently was
appointed postmaster of Vermillion, which important public office he is now


filling'. The Xelsons are mem1)ers of the Swedish Lutheran cliurch and for
years have taken a proper part in the various beneficences of the same, as
well as in the general social activities of their home community. Upon
becoming a citizen of this country Mr. Nelson affiliated with the Republican
party and continued thus to affiliate until the memorable campaign of 1896,
â– when he became an ardent supporter of Mr. Bryan and has ever since con-
tinued a Democrat, long having been regarded as one of the leaders of that
party in this county. For four years he served as treasurer of Lincoln town-
ship and for twenty-two years as a member of the school board. For four
years he was committeeman from his precinct and a member of the Marshall
county Democratic central committee. Fraternally, Mr. Nelson is affiliated
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and with the Knights of Pythias
at Vermillion. In the local lodge of the last named order he has filled all
the chairs and is a past representative of that lodge in the grand lodge of
the state.


The late Nels E. Johnson, an honored veteran of the Civil War and for
years one of the best-known and most substantial farmers of Lincoln town-
ship, this county, was a native of the kingdom of Sweden, but had been a
resident of this countrv' since he w^as ten years of age. He was born in the
old province of Skane, in the southern part of Sweden, November 21, 1842,
and was ten years of age when his parents came to this country, in 1852,
locating at Galesburg, Illinois, where his father died in the following year,
1853, ^^"^d there he was living when the Civil War broke out. On August
22, 1862, he then being under twenty years of age, Nels E. Johnson enlisted
for service in the Union army as a member of Company F, Seventy-seventh
Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served with that command until
he was seriously wounded at the battle of Arkansas Post. He was removed
to a hospital at St. Louis and there, May 30, 1863, was honorably dis-
charged, on a physician's certificate of physical disability.

L^pon recovering from the effects of his wound Mr. Johnson returned
to Galesburg, Illinois, and was there employed as a clerk in a furniture store
tmtil he presently formed a partnership in the grocery business and was there
engaged in that business until 1883, when he disposed of his interests in Illi-
nois and came to Kansas, arriving in Marshall county in the spring of that
year. Upon coming to this county Mr. Johnson bought a quarter of a section


of land in Lincoln township, proceeded to improve the same and there he
spent the remainder of his life, his death occurring on March 14, 191 5.

Nels E. Johnson was twice married. In 1877 he was united in mar-
riage to Matilda Lindquist, who died in 1881, and in 1889 he married
Hannah Grans, who w'as born in Rockford, Illinois, March 8, 1871, daughter
of G. A. and Anna S. Grans, natives of Sweden, who came to the United
States in 1868, settling in Illinois, where they remained until 1882, when
they came to Kansas and in 1884 settled in Lincoln township. G. A. Grans
became a substantial farmer in Lincoln township and there spent his last
days, his death occurring on December 27, 1906. His widow, who was born
on January ly. 1831, is still living.

To Xels E. and Hannah (Grans) Johnson three children were born,
Sigel R., born on October i, 1890, who married Ethel Samuelson and is liv-
ing on tlie old home place in Lincoln township and are the parents of one
child, Ruby, born on March 2. IQ17; Norman V., May 10, 1898, a farmer of
Rock township, this county, who married Luella St. John and has one child,
a daughter, Irene May, and Clayton, March 13, 1907. Some time after the
death of her husband Mrs. Johnson left the farm and moved to Vliets, where
she is now living.


George Van Vliet, a member of one of the pioneer families of Marshall
county and a substantial landowner of this county, present proprietor of the
old Barrett farm in Vermillion township, he and his family making their
home there in the first frame house erected in Marshall county, is a native of
the Dominion of Canada, but has been a resident of this county since 1869
and has therefore seen the development of this region since the early days
of its settlement, a development to which he has contributed no small share.
He was born in the city of Montreal, Canada, September 22, 1854, son of
Hiram and Elizabeth (Hodgson) Van Vliet, who also were born in Mon-
treal, the former of German parentage and the latter of English descent,
who later came to Kansas and settled in Marshall county, becoming early
recognized as among the most substantial and influential residents of the
Frankfort neighborhood, and here they spent their last days.

It w^as on Thanksgiving Day, 1869, that Hiram Van Vliet and his fam-
ily arrived at Frankfort, seeking a new home in this county. After looking
about a bit he bought a quarter of a section of land in section 19 of Noble


township, paying fifteen hundred dollars for the same, and Uiere he estab-
lished his home, one of the first settlers in that part of the county, and there
he remained for twenty years, or until his retirement from the farm in 1889
and removal to Frankfort, where he died in 1898. Hiram Van Vliet and
wife were the parents of four children, of whom the subject of this sketcl^i
was the second in order of birth, the others being Dr. John Van Vliet, now
deceased, who for years was a well-known physician at Wheaton. this state;
Mary, who is still living on the old home place in Noble township, and James,
who also lives on the old home place.

George Van Vliet was fifteen years of age when he came to Kansas
with his parents in 1869 and he was from the very beginning of his residence
here a valuable factor in the labors of developing and improving his father's
farm in Noble township. In 1882 he bought a farm northeast of Frankfort
and after his marriage in the summer of 1884 established his home there,
living there and in Frankfort until January, 191 1, when he moved to the old
Barrett place at the village of that name, and has since occupied the old Bar-
rett home, the first frame house erected in Marshall county. Upon taking
possession of that historic old house Mr. Van Vliet moved the same up on
the hill, built a modern porch and an addition to the house and otherwise
remodeled it and now has a very comfortable home. That house w^as built
by Albert Barrett, founder of the village which bears his name and for many
years one of the foremost citizens of this part of Kansas. It was constructed
throughout of walnut and oak and when erected became a social center for
all the countryside in that part of the county. Mr. Van Vliet has been quite
successful in his farming operations and is now the owner of more than
seven hundred acres of excellent land, including- a quarter of a section sur-
rounding his home place, a half section on Irish creek and two hundred and
forty acres northeast of Frankfort.

On July 30, 1884, George Van Vliet was united in marriage to Phoebe
Barrett, youngest of the eight children born to Albert G. and Mary (Mc-
Keever) Barrett, the former of whom was born in Ohio and the latter in
Indiana, who came to^ Kansas in 1855 and located in Marshall county, among
the very earliest residents of this county. Albert G. Barrett was a mill man

Online LibraryEmma Elizabeth Calderhead FosterHistory of Marshall County, Kansas : its people, industries, and institutions → online text (page 99 of 104)