Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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of the same date as the rest of the fabric, and Mr. Wright informs
us that the principal contributors to it were the Lacis, and the
Savilles. The South East pinnacle of it was destroyed by lightning
in the year 1558. Mr. Watson conjectures that the old steeple
was at the South West comer of the Church ; and observes that
the arches on which it was built are still standing, and very strong,
although they have little or nothing to support. This, it will be
observed, differs from Dr. Whitaker's hypothesis, who attributes
the present appearance of the building to two after thoughts, which
appear to have occurred in the progress of the work, as before
mentioned. Below the windows in the present steeple are two
angels holding escutcheons made of stone, but at this date there
are no arms upon them. The window appears by an inscription
there to have been made at the charge of Dorothy, widow of
Mr. Nathaniel Waterhouse, of Halifax, a. d. 1657. The steeple
contains ten fine musical bells, which are allowed by connoisseurs
and^ competent judges to be inferior to none in the North of
England, both with regard to tune and tone. Eight of them were
erected in the year 1787, by voluntary subscription; the cost,
&c. amounting to upwards of £350. A list of the subscribers is
painted on a board in the belfry. The remaining two, which are
the first and second of the peal, were erected in the year 1814, and
have no mottos.

MOTTOS ON THE BELLS.
On the third.
" Mortals with us your voices raise.
And shout abroad Jehovah's praise."



THE PARISH CHURCH. 107

On the fourth.
" With sweetest voices we will sing.
And loudly cry God save the King."

On the fifth.
" Let PARKER'S liberal deeds be known,
To future ages yet unborn."
On the sixth.
" Ye Ringers who wou'd happy be,
In concord live and unity."

On the seventh.
" When Britons are with laurels crown'd.
We'll make the hills and vales resound."
On the eighth.
William and Thomas Mears, late Lister, Pack, and Chapman, Bell
Founders, White Chappel, London ; as such, there is no motto on it.
On the ninth.
" Attend ye sons for Avorship bent.
Your prayers put up, your sins lament."

On the tenth.
" All ye who hear my mournful sound,
Repent before you lie in ground."

Thomas Holden, j church- Wardens.-l 787.
William Birkby, J

On a board, within the Church, near the steeple, is inscribed,
" In the years 1804 and 1805, new Chimes were erected, which c^st
£154. In the years 1807 and 1808, the Church was perfectly re-
paired, the Church aisles, choir, South and North Chapels. The
several pews and galleries were raised and made even, the church-
yard and burial grounds were put into complete repair, the old
causeways were widened, and new ones laid ; the gateways repaired,
and new gates put thereon. Total cost of the works, £137 19 11."

And on another board, " In the years 1817 and 1818, the up-
permost part of the church steeple, including the whole of the pin-
nacles, parapet, walls, and stone figures, were entirely renewed.
The roof of the steeple was also then covered with lead. The
whole of which wark cost £490."



105 THE PARISH CHURCH.

On the outside, this Church, with the exceptions already
noticed, bears every mark of one progressive but consistent plan.
There are no appearances of separation externally between the
tower and West end, or between the intended termination of the
original choir and its present one. The battlements are crocketted
in a peculiar, but not unornamental manner, which for the sake of
uniformity has been copied in Archbishop Rokeby's chapel, though
not in that of Dr. Holdsworth. Another singularity in this Church
is, that having been built on a site declining rapidly to the East,
without any unusual ascent to the communion table, a crypt of
three rooms, formerly used as a vestry and library, now as a library
and Sunday school room only, has been constructed at the East
end, and in these, two vicars. Dr. Clay and Dr. Legh lie interred.



CHURCH CHANTRIES.

In all that relates to the Chantries formerly founded in this
Church I shall be as brief as possible, there is but little interest
attached to the subject, otherwise than as it developes the state of
gross ignorance and mental darkness which obscured the under-
standing in those dark ages of popish superstition.

To such of my readers who may not be familiar with the pur-
poses to which these Chantries were appropriated, it may perhaps
be necessary to state "that Chantries consisted of salaries to one or
more priests to say mass daily, for the souls of their founders
deceased : which, not subsisting of themselves, were generally
incorporated and united with some parochial, &c. church," as there
were forty- seven Chantries in the Old Church of St. Paul, at
London, and but fourteen altars, it was possible for several to be
founded at the same altar. They were generally endowed with
houses and lands. When a person was not sufficiently rich to
endow a perpetual Chantry, it was common for an i anniversary
chaplain to sing masses for the repose of his soul during a certain



THE PARISH CHURCH. 109

space, for which a stipend was left, as appears by the will of
Robert Wolsey, the father of the Cardinal. — Sec Fiddes' Life of
Wolsey.

Mr. Watson's hypothesis that the cavity in the Avail, and the
projecting stone before referred to, was a Chantry altar, is not
improbable .; the projecting stone being used as an altar, and the
cavity or niche was doubtless what was called piscince. The use
of this receptacle is thus specified in the Archseologia, Vol. XI. :
" That should a fly or spider, &c. fall into the chalice, before con-
secration, it was directed to be thrown, together Avith the Avine,
into this receptacle ; but should this happen afterAvards, it Avas
directed to be burnt super piscinam."

By the certificate of Robert, Archbishop of York, and others
concerning Chantries, &c. 2 Edward VI. it appears that in Halifax
Church were, 1. The Chantry of the Trinity, founded by John
Willoughby, yearly value, four pounds. 2. Hunter's Chantry,
yearly value, four pounds thirteen shillings. 3. The perpetual
stipend or service at the rood altar there, yearly value, three pounds
eighteen shillings. 4. Brigg's Chantry, yearly value, four pounds
thirteen shillings and four-pence. 5. Firth's Chantry, yearly value
three pounds six shillings and eight-pence. To which Stevens, in
his Supplement, vol. 1. page 68, adds, the service of the morrow
mass in the said Church, yearly value, fifty one shillings and ten-
pence ; differing in nothing else from the above, except making the
yearly value of Brigg's Chantry four-pence less, and that of Firth's
eight-pence. "As to the first of these," says Watson, "I find that
Thomas Willeby founded a Chantry on the south side of Halifax
Church, and to endow it, feoffed Sir John Nevil, Knt., Thomas
Nevil, Esq. his son and heir, Thomas Willeby, his kinsman, and
others, in lands in Priestley, in Hipperholme, to the yearly value
of six marks, in June, 9 Henry VH. In Halifax Register is the
following entry, "Dom. Thomas Gleydhey 11 Cantarist. in Cantar.
voc. Wylbe Chantre, ac quondam Vicarius de Cunnesburghe, sepult.
Man, 1541." The lands belonging to this Chantry Avere granted
by Edward VI in the third year of his reign, to Thomas Gargrave,
Knt. and William Adam, jun. In Willis's History of Mitred Abbies,
vol. ii. p. 292. in a list of pensions paid in 1553, to incumbents of
Chantries, under Wylby's, one Richard Northend Avas then in pos-



110 THE PARISH CHURCH.

session thereof, but his annuity, on some account or other, is only-
put down at three pounds twelve shillings, which gives room to
suspect that the rest are undervalued."

The original institution of this Chantry is fully set forth in
Watson's History. Those who take an interest on such subjects
will doubtless feel greatly edified by the perusal of a Latin transcript,
from an old MS. occupying no less than four quarto pages. Its
length of course precludes its insertion here.

In a list of the compositions for tithes paid in Halifax parish is
the following entry : " John Paslew, Chaunter of the Chauntry called
Hunter's, for five closes in Halifax and Skircoat, near Shasike,
(Shaw Syke,) to the said Chauntry belonging, 18d.

The perpetual stipend, or service, at the rood altar, is thus de-
scribed in the certificate of the Archbishop of York and others, dated
14 Feb. in the secounde yeare of his Grace's reygne, (Edw. VI.)
Hallifaxe Parish. " The Rode Obite, or perpetual stypend of a
Preyst in the parish church there. — John Waterhouse, incombent,
47 yeares of age, hath nothing else to live upon but the profitts of the
said Chauntry. Goods, ornaments, and plate belonging to the said
service, as appyth by the inventorye. Goods, 21. Plate, 21. The
yerely value of the freehold land belonging to the said service, as
particularlie appyth by the rentall, os. Coppiehold by yeare, 77s.
whereof resolutes, viz. of the freehold by yeare, 4s. resolutes of
the coppiehold by yeare, 4s. So remains clere of the coppiehold
yearly, 73s. and to the King's Majestie clere of freehold yerely, 12d."
This, in all probability was founded to celebrate the death of Christ.

In the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, N°. 797,
under Halifax, it is said, that in 1532, (24 Hen. VIII.) William
Brigg founded a Chantry in the north part of Halifax Church, ad-
joining to Rokeby's chapel. Mr. Watson says " I have seen men-
tion made of the Chaplain who celebrated or said divine service at
the altar of St. George, in the parish church of St. John Baptist,
of Halifax, but which of the above Chantries it belonged to I can-
not say."

The officers of Earl Warren having charged the Monks of
Halifax, (the Prior and Convent of Lewes,) with Argent, Bladez,
Furnage, Cennse, and divers repasts, they were quitted thereof, 6
Edward III.



THE PARISH CHURCH. ] \ ]



MONUMENTS, EPITAPHS. &c.

The several Monuments, Brasses, and Inscriptions, within the
Church, next claim our attention. I have selected from Watson's
copious List a few of those which are most worthy of notice ; and
of these none can boast of any great antiquity : whether any ever
existed in the Church prior to these is very uncertain, though not
improbable ; the testamentary burials would lead us to infer that
such was the fact, but if so, no traces of them are visible at the
present day.

Exclusive of these burials the earliest Monument is that of

ROKEBY.

On a monument formerly in the Chapel on the north side of
the Church, but now removed ; " Orate pro anima Willielmi
RoKEBY, Jur. Can. Profess, ac etiam Episcopi Medensis et deinde
Archiepisc. Dublin. Capellse fundatoris istius, qui obiit 29 Novem-
bris. An. Dom. 1521,"

SAVILE.

In the Chancel, round the border of a stone, in ancient cha-
racters : "(Pray) for the (Sa)wl of Thomas Savile, of Coplay,
Esquyer, the .... of July, (and) in the yeire of ower Lord God,

MCCCCCIXXX."

This was in all probability the first burial in the Chancel, for it
is only since the Reformation, except in cases of superior sanctity,
that they had recourse to burial in the Chancel.

WATERHOUSE.

In the middle aisle of the Church, on brass plates, fixed to a
seat near the pulpit, which are all torn off except the heads, a man
kneeling, with a book in his hand, and opposite to him a woman
kneeling, and a string of beads hanging down from her waist. On
a label over the man, in old characters ; "Miserere mei Deus, et
salva me." On another label near the Avoman, in like characters :
"Miserere mei Deus, secundum magnam misericordiam." On a



112 THE PAMISH CHURCH.

brass plate over their heads : "I am the resurrection and the life,
saith the Lord. He that believeth in me, though he were dead yet
shall he live, and he that liveth and believeth in me shall never die."
Underneath, in the above characters; "John Waterhows, of
Halyfax, and Agnes, hys wyff, which John dej^ted from thys
worlde the xxvii day of January, anno Dm" mcccccxxx." Some-
thing wanting both at the beginning and end. On a close inspec-
tion of this plate, it occurs to me that it has been taken off some
monument, in all probability at the time of the civil wars, that it
escaped the fate of its contemporaries, of which doubtless it had
many in this church prior to that event, and that it was fixed in its
present place the better to preserve it.

On the North side of the Church, where the deceased particularly
desired to be buried, is a tomb, on which is written ; " Here lieth
the body of Mr. John Waterhouse, of Lower Ranns, (or Rands,)
in Northowram, who died April 4th, 1759, aged 60." On the
West end of the tomb : —

Oh Christian Reader ! often think
Christ will appear.

How shall I then in judgment stand !

LACY.

Dr. Johnson, in his MS. Collections for Yorkshire, says, that
in Halifax Church was the following, in ancient characters : " Here
lieth enclosed the body of John Lacye, of Brerely, Esq. who was
buried the 19th day of August, in the year of our Lord God . . . . "
(This date should be 15S.5.) " Part of this stone I saw in 1764 ; it
had cut upon it the figure of a man in annour laid on his back, a
cushion under his head, and a lion at his feet ; on one side hung a
large sword, and a small one on the other ; his hands were joined
on his breast in a praying posture ; on his left arm a shield, with
the following coats of arms : 1 . Argent, six ogresses, three, two,
one, for Lacy. 2. Gules, three crescents argent, on a chief of the
second three garbs or. 3. Gules, an eagle displayed argent, for
Soothill, of Soothill. 4. Argent, three bendlets sable; all these
quarterly impaled with Argent, a chevron between three crosses
formee, fitchee gules, for Woodrove, of WooUey. Under the arms
of Lacy were in old characters, " Orate pro anima Magistri Joannis



THE PARISH CHURCH, 113

Lacye." It is not improper to mention here, that on a grave-stone
in the chancel is a large cross, on one side of which is a sword of
lead laid in the stone, and on the other, in a shield, the ogresses
as above.

WATERHOUSE.

In the North Chapel, on a stone with a man in armour upon it,
in old characters ; " Here lyeth the body of Robert Waterhouse,
of Halyfax, Esquyer, which departed this life the ... of June . . .
(hav)ying lyved as one that should dye."

Near the above, but now destroyed (as supposed) was another
figure of a man in armour, with this inscription round, in old charac-
ters : " Here lyeth the body of Bryan Waterhouse, of Haljrfax,
Gentleman, which departed this life the iv day of October, in the
year of our Lord God, 1589. Humanius est deridere vitam quam
deplorare."

In Dr. Johnson's MS. Collections is the drawing of a tomb said to
have been removed out of the North Chapel when the stairs were
made which lead to the North gallery there, at the head of which
was a shield of arms, viz. Waterhouse, Or, a pile ingrailed sable, quar-
tered with Savile, parted per pale quarterly, 1. Bosseville, of Gun-
thwaite. 2. Bendy of thirteen pieces, or and argent. 3. ... A lion
rampant. . . . over all a bend gules ; fourth as first. Under these a
scroll and motto, "Virtus vincit omnia." On the top of the tomb
lay the figure of a man in armour, holding on his breast a shield
Avith the same arms as above. On one side of his head were, on a
sliield, the arms of Waterhouse, on the other the coats of Water-
house and Savile, quartered ; on one side of his feet, Waterhouse,
impaled with Bosseville, and on the other, Waterhouse, impaled
with the same quarterings as are impaled in the shield on his breast.
The above stairs were made in 1700.

SUNDERLAND.

Dr. Johnson says, that the following was in the South aisle of
the Chancel : " Here lieth the bodies of Robert, son of Richard



114 THE PARISH CHURCH,

Sunderland, of Coley, Esq. ; and Judith, his daughter, who died
January 19th, 1623. February 8th, 1623." This was round a
stone, on which were cut, in bad proportion, the figures of a man
and woman kneeling down together ; over their heads, on a shield,
three lions passant ; and for crest, on a helmet a goat's head.

TILLOTSON.

In the Chancel, in letters of gold, on a tablet, with the arms of
the Archiepiscopal See of Canterbury impaled with his own :

JoHANES TiLLOTSON, Archiepus Cantuar. natus Sowerbise,
renatus Halyfaxie, 3'^° 8^"^ 1630. Denatus Lambethae, 22o
Novebris, a. d. 1694. ^Etatis su£e 65."
BENTLEY.

On a gravestone in the South Chapel : " Eli Bentley, son of

Richard Bentley, of Sowerby Dene, M. A, some time Fellow of

Trinity CoUege, in Cambridge, and late Minister of the Gospel at

Halifax, departed this life July 30th, 1675, in the 45th year of his

age."

RAMSDEN.

On a pillar in the Chancel : " Hie jacet Hugo Ramsden, filius
Galfridi Ramsden, de Greetland, infra Vicariam de Halifax, Bacc.
in S. S. Theol. olim Socius Collegii de Merton in Ac. Ox. postea
Rector de Methley, in Comit. Ebor. demum Vicarius de Halifax.
Vir dubium sanctior, an doctior, ingenii acris, judicii subacti, erudi-
tionis multiplicis, qui omne tempus deperire existimabat quod non
aut templo aut musseo inpertiabatur ; qui dum vixit toti circumja-
centi Regioni doctrina sua prselucebat, et magis exemplo ; atq ;
moriens triste sui apud omnes bonos, pacisq ; Ecclesise cultores
reliquit Desiderium. Inductus est Vicarius de Halifax Non. Octob.
An. Salutis 1628, et decimo septimo Calend. Augusti sequentis
vitam cum immortalitate commutavit. Hoc mosrens monumentum
posuit Frater ejus natu minor, ejusq ; in Vicaria de Halifax impar
successor, Henricus Ramsden."

To the word "commutavit," there is the same on a tablet in
Methley church, put there in 1680 by one Robert Nalson.

On a pillar opposite to the above, is a long inscription to the
memory of Henry Ramsden, a brother of the above, also vicar of
this parish.



THE PARISH CHURCH. 115

DUN.

On a marble monument upon the wall of the South side of the
Chancel :

M. S.

Hie juxta conditur

Quod reliquum est Joshua Dun,

Filii Joshuse et Marise Dun, de Halifax,

Collegii Christi dum apud Cantabrigienses floruit Alumni

Quin et Collegii et Academise decoris et ornamenti,

Nunc proh dolor ! tristis iisdem desiderii ;

Juvenis erat, si setatem : si spectas dotes, vir eximius ;

Si quem eximium reddere valeant

Probitas, summum ingenii acumen, acre judicium,

Artium scientia, morum suavitas, urbanitas.

Sese quantumvis ad omne literarum genus aptum natum.

In Medicina presertim excolenda, seu potius ornanda,

Exercuit ;

In qua tam mirificos fecit progressus,

Ut brevi istius Facultatis peritus admodum prodierit :

Summatim,

Nisi quod tantum mortalibus fata invidissent virum,

Ad morbos propulsandos,

Et ad redintegrandas labefactatas hominum vires

Plane natus videbatur :

Ast heu ! quam aliis potmt sibi-metipsi non concessum est

Opem afFerre ;

Variolis enim correptus, post duodecem dies.

Cum spes jam eum revaliturum efFulserat,

Inter seros nepotes vix sequiparandus.

Hand certe unquam superandus, occubuit.

Die 13 Sept. mdccix, annos natus xxv.

Nee procul ab illo recumbit

Pater ejus Joshua Dun,

Qui obiit 7° Aug. a. d. 1715. jEtatis suae 80.

Et mater ejus Maria Dun,

Quae obiit Apr. S^, a. d, 1729,

iEtatis 87.

I 2



116 THE PARISH CHURCH.

Mr. Wright says, this epitaph was drawn up by the celebrated

Nicholas Sanderson, Professor of Mathematics in the University

of Cambridge.

FAVOUR.

On a gravestone in the Chancel : " Hie dormit Johannes
Favour, Doctor sanctissimus hujus Ecclesise. . . .

Occubuit seris, heu ! quod non serins, annis ;

Nee longseva magis quam bona vita fuit.
Quam sacre velavit speciosum pectore corpus,

Dignum equidem tumulo nobiliore tegi.
Qui quidem extremam fidus permansit ad horam,

Non illi tumulus, sed diadema decus.
Theologus Medicusq ; obiit, Jurisq ; peritus :
I, sequere in coelos, qui modo salvus eris."
On a pillar on the South side of the quire is a monument,
erected to the memory of the above Dr. Favour, who is placed as in
a pulpit, drest in his robes, surplice and hood, and in an attitude
of preaching, with one hand on his breast, and the other on a skull,
which rests on the cushion before him.

Jo. Favour, LL. Doct. Medici peritiss. et hujus

Ecclesiae Pastoris vigilantissimi.
" Corpora et segrotant animse ; fremit undiq : rixa.

Scilicet oba suo turba Favore jacet.
En Pastor, Medicusq ; obiit, Jurisq ; peritus :
I, sequere in coelos, qui modo salvus eris."

HOOKE.

On a marble monument in the Chancel: "P. M. Richardi
HooKE, S. T. P. Regimini tarn ecclesiastico quam saeculari Angli-
cano fidelissimi, qui per viginti sex annos huic Ecclesiae prsefuit
Vicarius, tribus Archiepiscopis Ebor^"* a sacris, Hospitiorum sancti
Johannis beatseq. Mariae Magdelenensis sub agro Ripponensi
Magister, Ecclesiae Ebor^^^ Southwell^'^ Ripponensisq. Cano-
nicus. Obiit l«»o Jan. ^tatis suse 66. Anno Domini 1688-9.

HOUGH.

The following inscription was put over Vicar Hough, who was
buried in the Chancel : " Sacrum memoriae Edmundi Hough, A.M.



THE PARISH CHURCH. 117

e Coll. Jesu Cant, quondam Socii, Parochise de Thornton postea
Rectoris, tandemq ; hujus Ecclesise Prsesidis ; qui concionandi
perspicuus, disserendo facundus, pietate catholicus, post exiguum
autem Olicanse temporis impensum morienti hanc desideratam
requiem sibi dedit Dedus. Obiit 1™° die Aprilis, 1691. Anno
setatis 59."

There is an English one to the memory of the same, on a stone
in the Chancel, taken from part of the above.

It was a great mistake in the writer of the above epitaph to call
Halifax by the name of Olicana, for that was undoubtedly the
Roman station at Ilkley.

ROBERTS.

On a stone in the Church-yard, opposite the great door : " Here
lieth the body of John Roberts, of Hipperholme, who departed
this life the 10th of November, in the year of our Lord 1721, and
in the hundred and fourteenth year of his age."

SHARP.

On a tablet in the Chancel, an angel in clouds, blowing a
trumpet, and on a cloth hanging from it, these words : " Johannes,
Dominus Archiepiscopus Eborum, 1704." Arms of Sharp painted
near the inscription, impaled with those of the See of York.

This was put up in honour to his memory, as he was born in
the parish of Bradford.

STEAD.

" Near this place is interred the body of Mr. Valentine Stead,
Merchant, who died May the 16th, 1758, aged 70. Also Naomi,
his wife, who died October the 9th, 1740, aged 47. And seven of
their children. Also two children of Valentine Stead the younger,
who erected this monument."

Near the font, on a grave-stone : " Here lieth the body of Mary,
the wife of Samuel Stead, of Halifax, who was buried the 29th of
May, 1734, aged 82 years and six months. She was Avife of
the abovesaid Samuel Stead, Salter, 58 years and 6 months.

Also Samuel Stead, husband to the abovesaid Mary, who
departed this life the 4th day of December, 1736, aged 80 years,
10 months, and seven days.



118 THE PARISH CHURCH.

Mr. Wright, p. 195, remarks, that this gentleman lived to see
of his children, grand children, and great grand children sixty-one
in number.

WATKINSON.

On a pillar on the South side of the Chancel : " H. M. Memorise
sacrum Mari^, filiseunicBe Rev*^' Du^Edwardi Watkinson, Capellse
de Luddenden in hac Vicaria Curat. Quae nata vesperi proecedente
Pascha, Anno 1723, febre perquam maligna correpta occidit (heu
nimium fugax et multum flebilis) Augusti 24'*^, 1726.

WILKINSON.

On a grave-stone in the Chancel : " Joseph Wilkinson, A.M.
quondam Vicarius de Chapel-Izod, juxta Dublin, in Hibernia, et
Prebendarius de Castroknock, Ecclesise Cathedralis Sancti Patricii
Dublin, postea Rector de Wigginton comitatu Ebor. et tandem
huic Ecclesi?e par viginti annos prsefuit Vicarius. Obiit 28 die
Decembris, Anno Dom. 1711. ^tatis suae 60."

LEGH.

In the Chancel of the Parish Church is an ill executed monument
bearing the following inscription : " Near this place in the same vault,
are deposited the remains of the Rev. George Legh, LL.D. and his
tv^'o beloved wives Frances and Elizabeth, to whose joint memory
this monument is erected ; he was Vicar of this Parish of Hahfax
above forty-four years : during which time he interested himself
with laudable zeal in the cause of liberty and sincerity, being the
last survivor of those worthy men who distinguishii themselves by
their opposition to Ecclesiastical Tyranny, he defended the Rights
of Mankind, in that memorable Hoadlian Controversy. The Bible
he considerd as the only standard of Faith and practice, to the poor
and distress'^ and Public Charity^, he was a generous Benefactor, by



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 11 of 52)