Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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workhouse given by Nathaniel Waterhouse, should, so long as the
overseers of the poor of the township of Halifax should think fit,
be a workhouse for the poor of the township of Halifax only ; and
that the overseers of the township of Halifax should pay to the
governors and trustees, out of the poor rates, the yearly rent of £10
for the same, which rent should not be varied ; but in case the over-
seers should be desirous to quit the workhouse, and discontinue to
use the same as a workhouse, then it should be lawful for the
governors and trustees to demise the same as the other parts of the
charity estates ; and it was further enacted, that one of the governors
and trustees should be president, governor and treasurer for one
year ; and that the governors and trustees should each in his turn
be president, governor and treasurer ; and that every new-elected
governor and trustee should be invested with power to act in the
trusts without having the trust estates conveyed to him, until the
number of governors and trustees in whom the trust estates should
be vested should be reduced to five, and then so soon as conveniently
might be after such reduction, the trust estates should be conveyed
to the use of themselves, and such new-elected governors and trustees;
and that it should be lawful for the governors and trustees, or the
major part of them, at any public meeting, whereof fourteen days'
notice should be previously given, to make such regulations and
orders for better executing the powers vested in the governors and
trustees, and regulating the charity and management of the trust
estates, as to the governors and trustees, or such majority, should
seem meet ; and that two books should be kept by the governors
and trustees, in one of which should be entered all regulations and
orders made respecting the charity ; and in the other should be
fairly entered, all receipts, payments, and disbursements respecting
the trust estate, and the affairs thereof ; and that the accounts of
the charity should be settled and passed by the governors and trustees,
on the first Wednesday in March annually, at which time, or within
twenty-one days after, all and every the clergymen, receiving or
taking any benefit or interest under the will of Nathaniel Waterhouse,
and also the churchwardens and overseers of every of the townships,
and also any two or three of the inhabitants of every township,


should have liberty to examine and inspect the said books and ac-
counts, from ten in the forenoon till four in the afternoon ; and
that the balance on settling the accounts should be paid in the
manner before directed, except £40, which it should be lawful for
the governors and trustees to retain and keep in hand, to answer
such future payments as might from time to time become due before
the next rents of the trust premises should become payable.

"Since the passing of the Act of Parliament, the trust has been
managed by governors and trustees elected in the manner thereby
directed, and the estates have been conveyed in the manner prescribed
from time to time, and regular meetings of the governors and trustees
are held twice a-year, at which the accounts are examined and passed.

"The governors and trustees are in possession of the several
estates and property mentioned or referred to in the act of Parliament,
with the exception of some parts that have been sold or disposed of
under the authority of the clauses or provisions contained in the
Act with reference to that subject. A rental of the property in the
occupation of tenants, with the names of the tenants, has been
supplied by the clerk of the governors and trustees, and from this
it appears that the rents for the year 1826 amounted to£l, 181. 3s. 4d.
As to the course of letting and management, it may be stated, that
the directions of the Act are followed, and it is represented, that the
property is all let for its full annual value, or at least, that the
several parts of it have been let on the best terms that the governors
and trustees at the time of letting could obtain.

"Some small parts of the property have at different times been
sold, and buildings have been given up for streets for the improve-
ment of the town ; and the wood, of which there is a considerable
quantity growing on that part of the estates which is situate in
Skircoat, is sold from time to time when fit to be cut. It has been
the course to carry the produce arising during each current year
from the sale of property which has been sold, and of the wood, to
the general yearly account of the trust, and to apply the annual
funds both to the purpose of answering and defraying the general
exigencies of the trust, and carrying into effect the charitable pur-
poses mentioned in the Avill, and also to the purpose of making such
buddings and improvements upon the trust estate as the governors
have considered necessary or proper, and the annual surplus, which


cis directed by the Act of Parliament, is jjayable to the overseers of
the poor of the ten several townships, is divided and paid to them
in the proportions mentioned in the Act, and applied to the main-
tenance and relief of the poor of the several townships, with their
poor rates.

"As to the several charities mentioned in the will of Nathaniel
Waterhouse, we find that the specific annual sums directed by the
will to be paid to the preachers at the diiFerent chapels, and for the
free grammar school, together with the augmentations thereof res-
pectively, directed by the act, and the annual sums payable to the
churchvi'ardens and overseers of the poor of Huddersfiell and Mir-
field, and for repairing of highways, are annually paid, without
alteration in amount ; but as to the maintenance or repairs of the
almshouse, and the house or school for orphan children, and the
support of those institutions, the governors and trustees finding
the allowance made by the act insufficient, have not confined them-
selves to that allowance, but have laid out annually such sums of
money as appeared to them necessary or fit to be expended upon
those objects.

"The almshouse was rebuilt in 1812 or 1813 with money arising
from the sale of timber, and it is occupied by twelve poor widows,
Avho are usually appointed on the recommendation of the overseers
of the poor of the several townships from which they are directed
by the will to be taken, and they receive each of them an allowance
of £2 a year, and are supplied with govms. The house for children
usually called the Blue Coat Hospital, is kept up as a workhouse
and school for the habitation, maintenance, employment and train-
ing up of orphan children, viz. ten boys and ten girls, chosen from
the places mentioned in the will, and the allowance for their main-
tenance is regulated by the governors and trustees, with reference
to the price of the necessaries of life, and is at present about £80
a year ; and the expense of clothing the almswomen and the children
amounts, on an average, to about £50 per annum. The profits
arising from the children's work constitute the emoluments of the
master, who has them under his care ; and the lecturer attends to
the catechizing of the children and admonition of the almswomen.

" The accounts of the charity are annually made out by the clerk
of the governors and trustees, and settled and passed by them, and


liberty is given to examine and inspect them, as directed by the act
of parliament.

" It appears to us, on the examination of this charity, that so far
as concerns the several specific charitable payments and objects
mentioned in the will of Nathaniel Waterhouse, the trust is duly
performed ; and indeed with reference to the almshouse and the
hospital for orphan children, the governors and trustees have con-
tributed more largely out of the income arising from the trust estates
than was, perhaps, without further legislative authority, in strict-
ness justifiable. As the surplus income of the trust estate, after
providing for the charitable payments and objects mentioned in the
will, and the augmentation directed by the act, is payable to the
overseers of the poor of the several townships, for setting to work
and providing for the poor of those townships in the same way in
which funds raised by a poor rate are applicable, we apprehend,
that the administration of this trust beyond what relates to the spe-
cific charities mentioned in the will, is scarcely within the scope of
the enquiry which we are authorized and required to make, and
that a more enlarged statement has perhaps already been made than
was necessary, for explanation of what concerns the individual cha-
rities mentioned in the will. It may be proper, however, to add,
that as some topics of complaint and animadversion, respecting the
administration of the trust and management of the property, were
presented to our notice, we deemed it expedient at the time, and
were induced, by consideration of the combined nature of the trust,
to investigate its management in a general way, and to examine
and bring to the consideration of the governors and trustees, the
several objects of animadversion which had been suggested to us,
imparting to them such observations on various points, as the occa-
sion appeared to us to require ; and it may be proper to state, that
although some recent improvements of the trust property, on which
there has been a large expenditure, appear to have been injudicious
and the expenditure thereon has been unproductive of an adequate
return, and a different mode of letting part of the property, and
greater attention to economy in some branches of expenditure, may
perhaps be properly recommended, and in an equitable point of view
some method should be adopted of applying the periodical produce
from the sale of wood, so as to equalize, during successive years,


the surplus annually divided among the overseers of the poor of the
several townships, we have not discovered any real grounds of in-
culpation, on the score of misconduct, wilful neglect, or inattention
on the part of the governors and trustees."


"John Smyth, formerly of Heath, esquire, hy his will, dated in
1726, reciting that he had built a school at Halifax, devised the
same to the governors of Mr. Waterhouse's charity there, and their
successors, for them from time to time to elect such a schoolmaster
as should be approved of by his son, John Smyth, and his heirs, or
such persons as should thereafter be oM'^ner or owners of his estate at
Halifax, to be upon every vacancy nominated and put into the school
by him or them, to teach six poor boys or girls whose parents pay no
assessments therein, to read ; and he gave to the governors, ^nd
to their successors, a house in Halifax, then let at the yearly rent of
£4 in trust, to let and dispose thereof as would be most advantageous,
to any person, other than the schoolmaster for the time being
and to pay the rents and profits thereof to such master, for
teaching six poor boys or girls as aforesaid, there to be placed by
the governors, or the major part of them, with the advice and
assistance of the churchwardens and overseers of the poor there, if
desired : And he abrogated that his devise to the governors, in case
they should ever suffer the schoolmaster to live in the said school,
or schoolhouse, for so long a time as they should permit him to
inhabit either of the said houses : And he devised to his son, John
Smyth, a farm in Reavey, held by lease, for a term of which there
were eighty years to come, (the lease expired in 1806) upon trust
during the lease, to pay 40s. per annum, to the vicar of Halifax ;
for preaching two charity sermons, and catechizing the boys or
girls taught in the school ; (and he desired the churchwardens of
Halifax to go about the church, when such sermons should be
preached, to collect charity for the benefit of the poor children in
the school ;) and also, upon trust, to pay other 40s. a year for
buying bibles and religious books for the children.

" The school built by the testator having fallen into decay, was


rebuilt in 1821, at the expense of £100 raised partly by savings of
income, and partly by subscription.

"The premises devised by the testator consist of a house in
Northgate, let to Timothy Nethervv^ood, as yearly tenant, at £8,
15s. a year, and a small tenement or vs^arehouse adjoining, let to
Robert Mitchell, as yearly tenant, at £1. 10s. a year, and the
whole is let at the fair value.

" The following funds also belong to the charity ; viz. — £100,
secured on the tolls of the Halifax and Wakefield turnpike road, at
interest of five per cent, and £50 secured on the Halifax water-
works, at interest of five per cent., which funds are supposed to
have arisen from money collected at charity sermons for the school,
and £21 on the security of the waterworks, at the same interest,
being a legacy bequeathed by Dr. Legh, formerly vicar of Halifax.

"The total income is £18. 16s. a year ; and of this the sum of
£8. 6s. a year, made up of £7. 5s. which was formerly the rent
of the houses, and £1. Is. the interest of Legh's legacy, is paid
by the governors to a schoolmaster appointed by them, for teaching
as free scholars, six children to read and write ; and the surplus of
£J0. is appropriated to supplying an allowance of 16s. a year to the
schoolmaster, for every child beyond the six, whom he instructs in
the same way ; and the whole of it, except a small sum occasionally
deducted for repairs of the school, is applied in making such allow-
ance. The school is properly conducted and attended to.


"By letters patent of QueenElizabeth, bearing date 15th February
1585, her majesty, at the suit of the inhabitants of the parish and
vicarage of Halifax, for the bringing up and teaching of children
and youth of the said parish and vicarage, and other villages and
hamlets near adjoining, ordained, that there should be a grammar
school, to be called the Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth,
for the bringing up of children and youth in grammar, and other good
learning, to consist of a master and usher, and to be under the di-
rection of 12 governors, to be chosen from tlie discreetest and
honestest men dwelling within the parish and vicarage of Halifax ;


and the governors were thereby incorporated ; and it was directed,
that when any of them should die or dwell out of the parish or
vicarage, the survivors should elect others, from other meet persons
dwelling within the same, being of the age of 24 years and upwards,
and failing such election within one month from the time of any
vacancy, then the Archbishop of York, with the consent of two of
the governors, should have the power to fill up the vacancy ; and
the governors were thereby empowered to choose and appoint a
master, who should have been a student in one of the Universities
of England for the space of five years at the least, to be presented
to and approved of by the Archbishop of York ; and it was ordained,
that failing such election of a master, within six months from the
vacancy, it should be lawful for the Archbishop to nominate and
appoint a fit person qualified as aforesaid, to the office of master ;
and the governors were also thereby empowered to appoint and admit
an usher, taking to them the master, to judge of the sufficiency in
learning and aptness of the usher, so that the election were made
within one month after the place of usher should become void ; and
power was also given to the governors, to make ordinances in writing,
for the government of the master and scholars, and possessions of
the school, the same being allowed under the seal of the Archbishop
of York.

" In consequence of neglect to appoint new governors to fill up
vacancies, their number was reduced in 1726 to one, and a question
arose, whether the corporation was not dissolved ; but on application
to the crown, a new charter, dated 7th July 1730, was granted,
incorporating as governors, certain persons nominated by the Arch-
bishop of York, and confirming in all respects the former charter,
and the number of governors has since been regularly kept up.

"The property belonging to the school has been derived partly
from gifts of the Earl of . Shrewsbury, and other benefactors, and
partly from purchases made with funds raised by subscription of the
inhabitants of Halifax, for the school, and it consists of the following
particulars ; —



Situation and Descrip-
tion of Premises.

At Skircoat :—

A school, dwelling- ^
house, garden and ol- V
tices 3

Four closes of landy
adjoining the school, f
containing \^% days' T
work, equal to about. . '

At Ovenden : —

A house and farmi
called Hutt Farm )

In Northowram : —
A house and li% days ^
work of land, called f
North Field Gate Farm T
about )

In Stansfield :—
The Hartley Royd es-
tate, containing 158^
days, or about 103a,
2r. 23p., and an allot-
ment on Stansfield
waste of 14a. 1r. 27p,
thus divided, viz.

Woodland, about

Three farms, with
houses and outbuild-
ings, about J

jeart of the allotment .

Part of the allotment

of Acres.


I 16
14 I II

The Rev. John i
Wilkinson mas- >
ter of the school )

£. s. d.


James Sutcliffe.

Jos. Midgley,

f In possession of)
X the Governors . . 5

C John Barke
3 Widow Barke
i Jas. Greenwood
f in severalty
Unocpd. at i^resenl


y 3


Let from year to year.

The wood is stated
to be all in a thriving
state, and likely to be-
come very valuable,
care having been ta-
ken by the governors
to keep up a succes-
sion of timber. There
has been no fall for
the last 30 years.

Let from year to year

Also two water-course rents of four guineas and five guineas per annum, paid by the
owners of land adjoining the above estate, for the use of parts of the stream of the river
Calder, and another stream called Harkley Clough £9 9s.

These rents are payable under leases granted by the trustees in 1802, and 1808, to An-
thony Crossley and Richard Naylor, for securing the enjoyment of the respective water-
courses, for terms of 999 years, subject to be determined on the water to be restored to its
ancient course.


Payable under the gift of Robert Sal- ~i

tonstall, in 1593, out of a tenement, >

called Brooke, in Hipperholn-.e .... J
By the will of Benjamin Thornhill, in i

1598, out of Almonroyd Close, in >■

Lightclitte )

Quit-rent under gift of Robert Wade, J

for land in Sowerby 5

Under gift of Nathaniel Waterhouse, 1

out of his charity estates S

Total income £187

Sir Joseph Radcliffe, Bart

Richard Stansfield, Esq

Trustees of Waterhouse's Charities .
6d. per annum.


3 10


The farms are all let at their full annual value, and the rents
are received by a steward or receiver appointed by the governors.

The governors pay to the master of the school a salary of £80
a year, and the residue of the rents, after providing for ordinary


annual repairs of the school buildings, and those on the trust estates,
and other necessary outgoings, is deposited, by the governors, in
the bank of Messrs. Rawson k Co. in Halifax. Interest is allowed
on cash balances in the bank, and added to the principal, and at the
time of this inquiry the fund accumulated amounted to £643 and

"The school is conducted as afree grammar school for the instruc-
tion of the sons of the inhabitants of the parish of Halifax, in grammar
and classical learning, the only qualification required on admission
being, that the boys should be able to read a little in the English
testament ; and the scholars are instructed in other branches of
education on moderate terms. The present master was appointed
in 1788, and the average number of free scholars at a time, since
his appointment, has been about 35. The master has also several
boarders in his house, with whom the free scholars are instructed.
The school appears to be creditably and satisfactorily conducted.

" The governors used to appoint an usher, but that practice
was discontinued in the time of the late master, in compliance with
his desire to receive himself the usher's salary, and provide an assist-
ant of his own appointment, and the same course has been since

"The object of the governors in accumulating the surplus rents,
is represented to be the making of improvements on the school pro-
perty, the principal improvement in contemplation being that of
making a road through the woods on the Hartley Royd estate, to
unite the three farms with the Burnley turnpike road ; which it is
represented would very considerably increase the annual value of that
property. The governors have half-yearly meetings to manage the
business of the trust, and settle the accounts ; but they appear to
us to have been somewhat remiss in not having had a survey and
estimate made of the contemplated improvements, to effect which
the fund accumulated is already probably more than sufficient. The
good circumstances of the present master have probably been the
cause why the governors have not talcen into their consideration the
propriety of advancing his stipend, to which no addition appears to
have been made for upwards of thirty years ; but it appears to us,
regard being had to the amount of the revenues, arid to the services
of the present master, that he has a fair claim to a very considerable


increase of salary, and that however commendable it may be to
provide for the future prosperity, in point of revenue, of the charity,
that object has in this instance obtained too exclusive a degree of
attention, at the expense of him who is to be considered principally
interested in the trust property, as tenant for life."

By the Statutes which are said to have been drawn up by the
Rev. Dr. Hayter, successively Bishop of Norwich and of London,
it is ordained, —

That none shall be chosen schoolmaster of this school, who
is not well afFected to the present settlement in church and state,
has not been a student in one of the Universities of Oxford or
Cambridge for five years at least, and during his stay there con-
ducted himself with discretion and sobriety, diligently pursued his
studies, and is well skilled especially in Grammar, and the Latin
and Greek tongues.

The master on his election, is to be presented to the Arch-
bishop of York, to be licensed to teach school by his Grace.

And shall take an oath before the president governor and go-
vernors, that he will instruct the youth of this school, in religion,
learning, and good manners, and will be faithful and careful for the
good of the school in all things belonging to his office and charge,
according to the trust reposed in him.

And for the improvement of his scholars in learning, he shall
in the most familiar manner teach them grammar, and the Latin
and Greek tongues, by reading to them all or some of the Classic
Writers, which follow, — as in Latin, Phoedrus' Fables, Cornelius
Nepos, Caesar's Commentaries, Terence, Livy, Tully, Ovid, Virgil,
and Horace, — and in Greek, the Greek Testament, Xenophon,
Isocrates, Demosthenes, Hesiod, Homer, and Sophocles. And he
is strictly charged, to make his scholars, according to their age
and capacity, perfect grammarians, and not to carry them on too
hastily from prose to verse, or from latin to greek, and especially
to be constant and strict in the examination of their exercises.

These duties by the master thus performed, yet lies there upon
him at least the duty of informing his youth in good nature and
good manners, which are of themselves an ornament to good learn-
ing. We adjudge it, therefore, a part of the master and usher's
duty, respectively to instruct their scholars to reverence their bet-


ters in all places ; to be courteous in speech to all men ; in their
apparel always cleanly ; and in their whole carriage joining decency
with modesty, and good manners with good learning.

No one shall be admitted as a scholar, upon any pretext what-
ever, unless he be able to read English tolerably well, and be pro-
moted to the Accidence. And for the admission and teaching of
every scholar of the town and parish of Halifax, of what condition
soever, nothing shall be demanded.

Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 16 of 52)