Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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houses, and a building in the centre, called an oratory, and is
inhabited by six poor persons, three men and three women, all
unmarried, the almspeople being placed therein from time to time,
by the occupier of the mansion and estate of Sowerby Hall, for the
time being, which property belonged to the family of Horton, and
now belongs to Captain Charles Rhys, of Bath, in right of his wife,
who was the daughter and heiress of the late Sir Watts Horton,
bart. The stipends of the poor people are paid by Mr. David
Jennings, the present occupier, and are allowed to him by way of
deduction from his rent, the sum of 2s. 6d. a month being given to
five of the almspeople, and 4s, 2d. a month, to one of the men who
read prayers to the rest.

"It is represented, that the almshouses and the oratory in
particular, are very much out of repair, and require to be new roofed ;
that the windows want new leading, and that those in the oratory
which are broken, are made or filled up with stones, and that the
latter room is in such bad condition, that the reader cannot officiate
in it.

"We find, that previous to the year 1819, when Captain Rhys
came into possession of the property, the almshouses had been
always kept in repair by the occupier of Sowerby Hall, and that
the expense was allowed as a deduction from his rent, but that since
1819, when Mr. Kershaw became steward, nothing has been allowed
for repairs, and that payment has been refused of a sum of £1 3s.
which was laid out by Mr. David Jennings, in 1825, in rebuilding
the chimney, and repairing a part of the roof, broken by the fall of
the chimney.

"We have met with no evidence of any particular part of the
founder's estate having been settled after his death for the support
of the almspeople or the almshouses ; but the liability to maintain
the charity, appears to have been thrown as a charge upon the


Sowerby Hall property, and it appears to us, that in default of the
due performance of that duty, recourse should be had to a court of
equity for its directions, as to the maintenance of the charity,
according to the intention of the founder.*


"John Fourness, on the 19th October, 13th James 1st, sur-
rendered to trustees, two cottages in Sowerby, to the use of three
poor men of the said town.

"The two cottages are let to two poor families, at £2 and £2. 2s.
a year respectively, being moderate rents. The rents have been
usually paid to the overseers of the poor, and applied with the
poor's rate ; the expense of repairing the cottages, defrayed by the
by the overseers. It seems to us, that the rents, after deducting
the expense of repairs, should be separately distributed among poor


"John Bentley, some time before the year 1651, gave £20, to
be lent to four honest tradesmen of Sowerby- cum- Soyland, £5 to
each, for four years together, providing sureties to repay the same,
with interest.

"George Priestley, of Whitewindows, Esq. and the Rev.
Robert Webster, of Ripponden, act as trustees of this charity.
Loans are made of £5 each, and security taken for the same, byway
of promissory note, with two sureties, and agreeably to the custom
which has prevailed, three of the portions are advanced to inhabitants
of Sowerby, and one to an inhabitant of Soyland.

• Since this Report was prepared, we have had a communication with Captain Charles
Rhys, on the subject of the Charity, and he states, that as being the owner of the Sowerby
Hall Estate, he will take care that arrangements shall be made with his tenant at Sowerby,
for putting the hospital in proper repair, and for providing for the repairs in future.


greenwood's charity,

"Daniel Greenwood, by will, dated 11th March 1672, charged
his lands in Crowell Shaws, in the township of Sowerby, with the
yearly sum of 40s. to the minister of Sowerby Chapel, and 40s. to
the i)oor of the chapelry.

"These annuities are paid by Mrs. Clayton, the occupier of the
property charged, and the sum of 40s. for the poor, is received by
G. Priestley, esquire, and laid out by him in buying linen, which
he distributes among about fourteen poor persons.


"Paul Bairstow, by will, dated the 3 1st March 1711, devised a
farm and lands, in the parish of Meopham, in Kent, after the decease
of the persons therein named, unto John Tillotson and others, upon
trust, to sell the same, and lay out the produce in the purchase of
an estate of inheritance in or near the parish of Halifax ; and he
directed, that the trustees should stand seised thereof, upon trusts,
out of the rents and profits, to pay to the master of the school at
Sowerby the yearly sum of £16, for and in consideration of his
teaching twelve poor children living within the chapelry of Sowerby,
whose parents should not be worth, in real and personal estate,
above £50, to be chosen by the minister and churchwardens, or
chapelwardens, of the parish or chapelry ; and also, that the trustees,
out of the residue of the rents and profits, should repair the tomb of
his father, Michael Bairstow, and Ann, his wife, in Sowerby church
or chapel yard ; and pay 20s. a year to the minister of Sowerby,
for preaching a sermon on the feast-day of St. Michael the archangel :
and distribute the remainder of the rents and profits, if any there
should be, to and amongst such poor persons of the parish or chapelry
of Sowerby, not receiving alms, in the parish or chapelry, as the
minister and churchwardens, or chapelwardens, should direct ; and
he ordered, that the trustees should transmit the estate to be pur-
chased down to posterity, subject to the trusts aforesaid.

"By indentures of lease and release, of the 28th and 29th April,
1735, reciting the will of Paul Bairstow, and that Henry Barrell,


the then surviving trustee, had sold the farm and lands in Meopham
for £630, which with £15 15s. more had been laid out in the
purchase of £600 South Sea annuities, and that the said Henry
Barrell had received out of the rents of the Meopham estate, and
from the dividends of the stock, and by sale of the stock, in all £831
and that he had agreed with John Stansfield, and Israel Wilde, for
the purchase of the messuages, lands, and hereditaments therein
mentioned for £660, and that by an account then stated and allowed
by the trustees, parties thereto, of all monies received and disbursed
it appeared that there was due to the said Henry Barrell, £171,
which with the said £660 amounted to £831 ; it is witnessed, that
for the considerations therein mentioned, the said Stansfield and
Wilson conveyed to the said Henry Barrell and George Stansfield,
and thirteen others, and their heirs, the premises therein mentioned
upon the trusts declared by the will, and upon trust, that when
nine of the trustees should die, the two last remaining trustees
should convey the premises to nine or more other trustees, to the
use of themselves and such nine trustees, and their heirs, upon the
same trusts, and so from time to time.

"By indentures of lease and release, dated 7th and 8th December
1804, reciting the will and previous indentures, and stating, that
a succession of fresh trustees had been appointed, and the real estate
so purchased had been conveyed ; and that George Stansfield and
James Riley had become seised of the estates so purchased, and had
appointed the persons therein named to be co-trustees with them of
the said estate, the said George Stansfield and James Riley conveyed
unto the Rev. Joseph Ogden, and twenty-six others, and their heirs,
a messuage called Nether Headley in Thornton, in the parish of
Bradford, in the county of York, with the appurtenances and several
closes in Thornton, near the messuage, containing together, by
estimation, forty days work, and a piece of woody ground, called
the Clough in Thornton, near the closes, and a piece of ground
called Morton End, lately inclosed from the commons in Thornton,
containing 13 acres, and a piece of ground called the Upper Common,
lately inclosed from the commons in Thornton, containing eight
acres, with the minerals and appurtenances, to the use of the said
George Stansfield, James Riley, and Joseph Ogden and others,
their heirs, &c. upon the trusts of the will, with a proviso for con-


tinuing the trusts by election of twenty new trustees, when twenty
of the said trustees should die or resign.

"Several of the trustees named in the deed of 1804 are now

"The property consists of the particulars, and is let in the man-
ner following : —

"A farm house, two barns, some cottages, and certain lands
called Headley, in the township of Thornton, the lands containing
altogether 38a. and 3 7 p., are let to Jonas Greenwood, as yearly
tenant, at the annual rent of £90.

"An allotment of about twenty days' work, or 13 acres, in the
township of Thornton, is let to Valentine Smither's, as yearly te-
nant at £12 per annum.

''An allotment of Moor land near Denholm Gate, in the township
of Thornton, containing about eight day's work, or about 5 acres,
is let to Valentine Smithers, at£l a year.

"The whole of the property is let at its full annual value ; but
the two allotments would be greatly improved in value, if a small
house and barn were erected upon each.

"There are beds of coal and stone under the estate at Headley,
the value of which is not ascertained ; but it is represented by the
trustees that it would not be expedient at present to sell the coal
for working.

"As to the application of the rents, we find that the sum of £16 a
year is paid to the master of the school at Sowerby, who is appointed
by the trustees, for teaching to read twelve poor children, chosen
by the minister and chapelwardens, and that, after defraying the
the occasional charges, of keeping the tomb in repair, and paying
20s a year to the minister for a sermon, the residue of the rents is
distributed in sums of 5s, a piece, by the minister twice a year, on
the first Sunday in February, and the first Sunday in August,
among poor people nominated by him and the chapelwardens and
overseers, being such as have not received parochial relief in the
preceding year ; but of late years a portion of the rents has been
retained for the purpose of repairs, buildings, and improvements,
and there is a balance in hand of £147 19s.

"The school is now kept in a building which was erected in 1817,
by subscription, for a Sunday school ; but an old township school


still remains, which is occasionally used by the master for the purpose
of keeping up the right of possession : and there is a pew in Sowerby
chapel, supposed to belong to the school, which the master uses
for the boys whom he takes to chapel.


"Edward Wainhouse, by will, dated September 18th, 1686, gave
to the old people and poor persons of the town of Sowerby, such
as did not receive allowance from the town, the yearly rents and
profits of a house in Sowerby Dean, and he ordered, that the rents
should be paid at Christmas to the overseers of the poor of Sowerby,
and that they should take one or two of the heads of Sowerby, to
see the distribution of the rents ; and he empowered the overseers,
and one or two of the heads of the town, to let the house for the
use of the said poor persons, as often as there should be occasion.

"The premises devised by the will, now consist of two cottages,
at Style, in Sowerby, which are let at £1 16s. and £2 2s. a year
respectively, being as much as they are worth. The cottages are
in a ruinous condition, but the site of them might be converted to
a profitable purpose, if means were found of erecting new buildings
on the ground.

"The rents (which however are occasionally in arrear) are dis-
tributed with the funds arising under Bairstow's charity.


"Thomas Foxcroft, in 1617, gave £10 to be lent without interest
on security.

"Thomas Mitchell, in 1621, gave £10 for a similar purpose.

"Robert Brooke, left a house at Hunslet, near Leeds, for the
poor of Sowerby, the rents to be paid yearly, which house was sold
for £10 and the money placed out at interest.

Of these charities no further account can be given, and the
funds are lost.




"Mary Wadsworth, on the 14th May, 1793, surrendered a
copyhold dwelling-house called Jack Hey, in Sowerby, with a
cottage, and the buildings and appurtenances, and certain closes
usually occupied with the messuage, containing together, by esti-
mation, fifteen days' work, to the use of nine trustees, three of
whom were of each of the townships of Sowerby, Midgley, and
Rishworth, upon the trusts mentioned in an indenture of the same
date, by which it was declared, that the trustees should distribute
the rents and profits of the premises, after deducting necessary
expences, as follows : one third part thereof, in equal moieties, on
the first Sunday in May, and the first Sunday in November, yearly,
amongst such poor persons resident and legally settled in the town-
ship of Sowerby, not receiving alms, or town's pay, and in such
proportions as the trustees for that township should appoint ; one
other third part at the same time, amongst similar poor persons of
the township of Midgley, as the trustees for that township should
appoint ; and the remaining third part on the same day, among
similar poor persons of the township or hamlet of Rishworth, as
the trustees for that township should appoint ; and it was directed,
that when the trustees in any of the townships should be reduced
to one, the remaining trustees should elect other proper persons,
inhabitants of such township, to be co-trustees with them, and
convey the premises to the use of the remaining and new-elected

"On the 24th October, 1807, a new election of trustees having
taken place, the estate was surrendered, and an indenture declaring
the trusts thereof, was executed.

" The charity estate, which is properly described in the surrender,
is let to John and Philip Pickles, as yearly tenants, at £21. per
annum, which is the full annual value, and the rent is duly divided
and distributed in the manner directed by the donor.




" Elkanah Hoyle, by a codicil to his will, dated 28th March,
1718, charged a messuage and barn in Soyland, called Hollins, now
the property of Henry Lees Edwards, esquire, with the payment of
40s. a year, to be distributed by John Hoyle, and his heirs, and
the owner of Upper Swift Place, on Easter-day, yearly, among
poor people of Soyland not receiving parochial relief : and he charged
a farm at Lightazels, called Lower Hoyleheads, now the property
of Henry Richards, esquire, with £3 a year, to be paid to the curate
of Ripponden, for a Sermon on Ascension-day ; in default whereof
the testator gave the said yearly sum to the poor of Ripponden
during such neglect.

" The latter annuity is paid to the minister, but since the purchase
of the Hollins by Mr. Edwards, which occurred about ten years ago,
the rent-charge of 40s. has not been paid or distributed, Mr. Edwards
having purchased, without notice of the incumberance ; the liability
of the estate however being now shown, Mr. Edwards has consented
to renew the payment of the rent-charge, that the charity may be


" Of this gift an account is given among the charities of Sowerby
chapelry ; and it may here be added, that the sum of £5, part of
the charity fund, is advanced upon loan to a poor inhabitant of
Soyland, and duly secured by a promissory note."



"The Rev. Charles Gr eenwood, \tj k^-QqA datedi 14th July 1642, and
by his will of the same date, made in execution of a power reserved
by the deed, conveyed and appointed to John Greenwood, and four


other trustees, and their heirs, a house built by him for a school-
house, and two messuages and farms, in Golden, in Heptonstall,
to the intent that after his decease, the house should be used for
the purpose of a free grammar school, for the children of the inhab-
itants of the town and township of Heptonstall, and that the trustees,
and the survivors of them and his heirs, should be seised of the two
messuages and premises in Golden, to the use and maintenance of
a schoolmaster, who had well profited in learning, to teach the
children of the inhabitants of Heptonstall within the school-house.

"New trustees have been appointed from time to time, and the
estates have been conveyed to them ; the last conveyance however
IS dated in 1786, and there is occasion for the appointment of new

" The rental and annual value of the school property is about £77
a year, two tenements adjoining the school-room, in Heptonstall,
being let at £8. 2s. a year, and the two farms in Golden, which,
besides buildings, contain together .5 6|: days work, or about thirty-
four acres of land, being let to yearly tenants, at rents amounting
together to £69 per annum.

" The rents of the property, after payment of expenses of repairs
of the school premises and farm buildings, are paid to the master
of the school. The school has always been and continues to be
mainly conducted on the footing of a grammar school, and the sons
of the inhabitants of the town and township of Heptonstall are
instructed in the learned languages, as free scholars, and according
to the master's account, the school has been long of great utility,
in providing the means of suitable education for persons to whom
some knowledge of the dead languages was requisite. Other branches
of instruction are also taught on moderate terms, by an usher,
employed for the purpose, and the school is attended generally by
the children of the inhabitants of the chapelry, principally for
instruction in English, reading, writing and arithmetic. The
average number of scholars is from fifty to sixty, and at the time of
this inquiry, seventeen boys were receiving instruction from the
master in Latin, as free scholars.

PAUL greenwood's GIFT.

Paul Greemvood, by will, dated the 4th April 1609, gave 20s.


a year to the poor of Wadsworth, and 20s. a year towards the
maintenance of a preacher, being a master of arts at Heptonstall,
out of a farm called Rawholme, in Wadsworth, now the property
of Mr. John Crossley SutclifFe.

"The sum of 20s. a year for the poor is distributed among poor
persons of Wadsworth, by or under the direction of Mr. SutclifFe,
but there has been no preacher at Heptonstall of the degree of M. A.
for several years, and the annuity for the preacher has not been
called for, or paid for a considerable time.


"Richard Naylor, by will, dated the 6th May 1609, gave £3.
5s. a year, payable out of a messuage and lands in Mixenden,
now the property of William Mitchell, esquire, one moiety for a
preacher in Heptonstall, being a master of arts, who should preach
a sermon on St. John Baptist's day, and the other moiety, or in case
of there being no such preacher, then the whole for the maintenance
of poor children of and within the parish of Heptonstall.

The sum of £3. 5s. a year is distributed under Mr. Mitchell's
direction, among poor persons of the Chapelry of Heptonstall, a cer-
tain proportion being assigned to the poor of each township.


"Abraham Wall, by will, dated 13th September 1638, gave £8
a year, part of an annuity of £20 payable out of houses and premises
in Ironmonger-Lane, London, now belonging to the representatives
of the late Mr. Alderman BoydeU, to be appropriated yearly, as
follows ; 20s. by the churchwardens of Heptonstall, for purchasing
Bibles for poor men's children ; £4 for teaching poor children of
Heptonstall ; and £3 for apprenticing one poor child, so taught, to a
trade in London, the child to be chosen by the chapelwardens and

"The sum received under this donation, land-tax being deducted,
is £6 8s. a year, of which the sum of 16s. 8d. is laid out in Bibles,


which are distributed among poor children once in three years, and
the remainder, as the object of putting out an apprentice in London,
cannot, from the smallness of the sum, be carried into effect, is ap-
plied in obtaining instruction for poor children in reading and wri-
ting, by the usher, at the grammar school.


"John Greenwood, of Learings, by will, dated in February 1687,
gave out of a messuage in Stansfieid, called Drew's Court, now the
property of Mr. Jeremiah Horsfall, 40s. a year one half of it to the
curate for a sermon on the first Wednesday in June, and the other
half for putting out poor children of Heptonstall apprentices at the
discretion of the chapelwardens and overseers, and the owner of Lear-
ings, for the time being.

"The annuity is applied to the purposes directed, the moiety for
apprenticing being accumulated till a sufficient fund is raised for
putting out an apprentice.


"John Greenwood, of Hoppings, by will dated 13th December,
1705, gave out of a messuage and farm in Wadsworth, called
Grimsworth, now belonging to Mr. Henry Pickles, 20s. a year, to
the minister of Heptonstall, for a sermon on the first Wednesday in
August, and 20s. a year to the poor of Stansfieid, to be distributed
in canvass cloth to those not having relief from the parish.

"These payments are made to the minister of Heptonstall and
the overseers of the poor of Stansfieid respectively, and 20s. a year
is laid out by the latter in cloth, which is given to poor persons.


" By indentures, dated the 11th and 12th March, IS 14, enrolled
in Chancery, John Greenwood conveyed to the Rev. Joseph Char-
p 2


nock, and thirteen others, and their heirs, certain dwellinghouses,
called Mount-Pleasant, with the lands thereto belonging, and two
fields, called the Learing Commons, adjoining the former premises,
the whole containing, by admeasurement, 13a. 2r. 23p., in Hep-
tonstall, upon trust, out of the rents and profits, after payment of
taxes, except window tax, charged on the premises to pay Is. 4d.
per Sunday to a master, to be appointed by the trustees, to attend
in Heptonstall church, or any place near there, morning and after-
noon, on each Sunday in the year, to teach four boys and two girls
to read, write and sing, till divine service commences, and the mas-
ter and scholars to attend such service, both morning and afternoon
and to the scholars attending and learning the catechism, 2d a piece
each Sunday ; and on being examined in the said church once every
year, by the minister thereof in the catechism, 6d. a piece ; also,
to pay 8s. a year for coals, to be used in the room w^here the sun-
day scholars meet to learn; and 5s. shillings a year for lighting the
fire ; and 5s. a year to the minister of the church to preach a sermon
yearly, on Whit-sunday in the afternoon, for a collection to be
made by the churchwardens, to buy testaments and singing books
for the use of the Sunday scholars, and the singers of the church,
as the trustees should direct ; and to pay to two instrument players
of music, to be appointed by the trustees, 2s. each, for attending
the Sunday scholars, and teaching them to sing, and attending
divine service with them ; and for any default in the morning or
afternoon, to deduct 6d. for each default, such deductions to be
applied along with the collections to be made annually on Whitsun-
day ; and £5 4s. a year to be laid out and distributed in bread each
Sunday in the church, by the minister and churchwardens equally ,
to such twenty-three poor persons, and the sexton thereof as may
attend divine service ; and to pay the sexton for annually cleaning
and keeping the monument legible on the wall, along the south
gallery in the said church, 2s. yearly ; and one guinea annually as
a subscription to the singers of Heptonstall church ; and to pay all
costs and charges of repairing or rebuilding the buildings on the
said premises, with power to the trustees to augment the allowances
or payments for the purposes aforesaid, as often as should be found
necessary in order to continue the same, and pay such augmentations
out of the rents of the trust estates ; and upon further trust, to pay


the remainder of the rents and profits to the persons in the said

Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 19 of 52)