Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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lord mayor in 1597,) as appeared by a note shewn unto us^ being
part of the will, the sum of one hundred pounds to buy rents withal ;
which rents should be yearly distributed, in the parish church of
Hallifax, to the poore of the said towne and parish, in money or
bread, at the discretion of the churchwardens then being, and we
further fynde the same confirmed by an award, bearing date July 8,
43 Elizabeth, by John Morris, Thomas Middelton, and William
Bruce, esquires, by the consent of dame Susan Saltonstall, Samuel
Saltonstall, and others her children ; that the said Dame Saltonstall,
and Samuel, being executors to the said Sir Richard, bestow the
said hundred pounds to the most profit, before the 25th day of
March next after the said award."



LISTER S GIFT.



"Item, wee fynde that John Lister of Hull, alderman, did give
fortye pounds to be employed upon the poore of Hallifaxe parish or
otherwise to be distributed at the discretion of Mr. Doctor Favour,
Mr. Sunderland, and Daniel Foxcroft."



UUGH ATWELl's gift.



" Item, wee fynde that one Hugh Atioell, parson of St. Tewe in
Cornwall, did give (March 10, 1605) thirty three shillings and four-
pence, to the use of the poore of Hallifaxe towne. to be lent to some
poore man for a year, to be disposed of by the magistrates and officers
of the said towne, which money was for a time lent accordingly : and



246 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

we finde that in 1608 it was lent by Symon Binns and Thomas
Taylier, then constables, unto one Allan Pennington; and Jane
Crowther, widow, gave her word for it." In Halifax register under
the year 1605, it is said to have been given to keep the poor in
work, the stock to remain for ever, the gain to be the poor's ; to be
at the disposition of the magistrates and officers of the town of
Halifax, or else such as they shall think fit, for the true disposition
thereof. Mr. Watson says he has seen no farther account of this.



HENRY SAVILLE S GIFT.

"Item, wee finde that Henry Saville, late of Shaw hill and since
of London, gent., by his will dated 20 April, 1617, gives to the
poore of Hallifax, and towns adjoining, twenty pounds ; and to cer-
tain poore men by name, 17s. and 10s. to be paid within four yeares
after his death."



ISABEL MAUD S CHARITY.

"Item, wee finde that Isabel Maud late of Halifax, widow, de-
ceased, by her will, dated June 12, in the eleventh yeare of the king's
majestie's reigne that now is (i. e. James i. 1613,) did give to the
late erected schoole in the almshouses in Halifax, tenj)ounds, for
the buying of some annuitye towards the maintenance thereof, to
be disposed of by the overseers of her last will (who were Dr. Favour,
Samuel Lister, Samuel Mitchell, and John Clough.) And to the
poore of the town of Hallifax eight pounds, to be lent, from year to
year, to fower tradesmen for ever ; and that her overseers, or the
most part of them, should take such order that the continuance
thereof might remain : her executor was Thomas Butterfield."

Mr. Watson says "the above is entered in Halifax register, and
in Halifax inquiries, written by Mr. BrearclifFe. She also gave
twenty pounds to Coley chapel, but for what purpose I have not
seen. Query, if she was not widow of John Maud of Halifax, who
gave, in 1608, one hundred and twenty-one pounds four shillings
to pious uses, but in what particular manner is now unknown V



PUBLIC CHARITIES. 247

Norman's, wateruouse's, whittaker's and crowtheh's gifts.

"Item, wee finde by the relation of Robert Law that Anne No7-man
late of Hallifax deceased, did by her will give fortye pounds, and
which was confessed to him the said Robert by Dr. Favour ; but we
neither see will nor writing to manifest to what uses and in what
manner the same was given.

" Item, we heare by the report of Mr. John Bowyer and others,
that Michael! Waterhouse, clerke, did by his will give twenty pounds
to good uses, and as we learne Clerk Waterhouse of Woodhouse
was his executor.

"Item, wee fynde by the relation of Roger Bolton, that about
five years ago William Whittaker gave £3 to be lent to three poor
tradesmen of Hallifax from year to year by the churchwardens there.
It rested in Nathaniel Waterhouse and Michael Maude's hands,
when they were church Avardens, and now these churchwardens
have but received thirtye shillings,

"Item, wee fynde that Jane Crowther did by her will (dated 18
J any, 1613) give the sum of ten pounds to be lent from tyme to
tyme for ever, to the godliest poor people of the town of Hallifax
upon security, at the discretion of her executors and overseers, to
remayne for ever."



NICOLL S AND BOYES GIFTS.

"Item, wee finde that Richard Nicoll, late of Halifax, deceased,
by his will (dated March 20, in the seventeenth yeare of the king's
majestie's reigne that noAV is) did give and devise unto Robert Lawe
and Thomas Holden and their heirs, as feoffees in trust, a yearlye
rent of thirteen shillings and four pence for ever, out of an house
and certaine lands in Halifax, to bee, by and with the consent oi
the churchwardens for the time being, paid to the most needful
poore of Halifax towne."

Mr. Wright, p. 1 14, says that this house and lands lie at Mount
Pellon, quoting Mr. Brearcliffe for his assertion, "but (adds Watson)
I can find nothing of this in his manuscript, which only says farthei
that the money was detained by Richard Nicoll, the son, who was
executor to his father."



248 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

John Boyes, clerk, minister of Halifax church, gave by will,
dated July 14, 1619, the sum of eighteen pounds, to be lent to the
poor of Halifax, at the discretion of his overseers, or the greater
part of them, viz. Dr. Favour, William Boyes, his brother, John
Boyes of Halifax, Humphry Drake, Samuel Lister, John Whiteley,
and "William Whitaker. See Halifax register. Anno. 1620.



ALICE HAWARTH S CHARITY.



Alice Haicarth, widoM', (as appears from an inquisition taken at
Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651,) gave by her last will, dated Feb. 6, 1622.
twenty pounds, to be paid by her executors to Anthony Foxcroft,
and others, to purchase lands or rents, and with the assistance of
the churchwardens of Halifax, to distribute the profits thereof among
the poor, impotent, and aged people of the said town ; and by the
said inquisition it was found, that Abraham Parkinson and Ellen his
wife were executors of the said will, which Abraham acknowledged
the said twenty pounds to be in his hands, also that neither principal
nor consideration had been paid, though the said Alice had been dead
twenty-eight years ; alleging for himself that he was never required
by the said Anthony Foxcroft or others in the wiU named, to pay
in the same ; in respect however that the same had continued so long
in his hands, he was willing to pay, in lieu thereof, the sum of
twenty-five pounds, or else by good and sufficient assurance, to con-
vey to the said Anthony Foxcroft, and such other persons as the
commissioners should think meet, and their heirs, one annuity or
rent-charge of twenty-five shillings, to be issuing out of his lands
and tenements in Halifax for ever. The commissioners therefore
decreed, that the said Abraham Parkinson should pay to the said
Anthony Foxcroft, Richard Blacket, John BrearclifFe, and Robert
AUensonof Halifax, or some of them, the sum of twenty-five pounds,
before the twenty-fourth day of June next following, and that they,
as trustees, should purchase with the same, to them and heirs, for
the use of the poor of Halifax, and according to the intent of the
last will and testament of the said Alice Hawarth, one annuity or
rent-charge of twenty-five shillings, or else some lands or tenements
of the same annual value ; or else the said Abraham Parkinson was
to make to them the like conveyance and assurance. In obedience



PUBLIC CHARITIES. 249

to which decree, Abraham Parkinson did, by his indenture executed
August 25, 1652, give and confirm to the said Anthony Foxcroft,
Richard Blacket, John BrearclifFe, and Robert Allenson, their heirs
and assigns, for ever, as trustees of Alice Hawarth's charity, one
annuity or yearly rent of twenty-five shillings, issuing forth of all
that one messuage or tenement, and of all houses, barns, buildings,
and gardens thereto belonging, lying on the south side of a lane
leading from Goldsmith's grave to Brainthwaites on the moor ; and
also forth of four closes of land, all adjoining to the south side of
the said lane, some of them adjoining on the said house, payable
yearly at the feasts of St. Martin and Pentecost. Watson says
"the minutes of the above inquisition, written by Mr. BrearclifFe,
were in the hands of the late Mr. Valentine Stead of Nottingham.



BEQUESTS FOR SERMONS, PRAYERS.

Godfrey Walker gave forty shillings a year, for ever, to the vicar
of Halifax, for a sermon to be preached in commemoration of him,
in the parish church of Halifax in the month of April for ever. He
was buried April 4, 1633. This account is taken from Mr. Wright,
p. 114. Watson says "a paper which he met with in the box be-
longing to the trustees of Crowther and Hopkinson's charity, says,
that Henry Riley of London, esq. by will (confirmed by Gill's bargain
and sale)gave forty shillings per annum, for ever, to the vicar of
Halifax, for a sermon to be preached in commemoration of Godfrey
Walker and Catharine his wife, in the parish church of Halifax, in
the month of April for ever, to be paid on the third Wednesday in
April, yearly, out of a tenement called Netherhouse in Hipperholrae
cum Brighouse."

Ann Snydall, of Halifax, gave by will, dated June 23rd, 1638.
twenty shillings yearly, for ever, to have a sermon preached in
Halifax church, every St. Peter's day, by the vicar, or his substitute.

William Chamberlain, by will dated September 22, 1728, gave,
devised and bequeathed the sum of twenty shillings per annum, of
lawful money of Great Britain, yearly from and after his decease,
to be paid to the person that reads prayers twice ever)' day
in Halifax, and for want of such usage or reading prayers twice



250 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

every day, then the said testator did thereby give, devise and bequeath
the said sum of tvi^enty shillings yearly unto the lecturer or afternoon
preacher in Halifax church for ever : and he did thereby charge the
same should be paid forth out of the housing then in Mr. James
Ingham's occupation. Mr. Watson says, he was credibly informed
"that Mr. Chamberlain left also six shillings yearly, for which the
twelve widows in the almshouses are to have each a dinner and a pint
of ale every Christmas-day ; likewise twenty shillings yearly for
ever, payable out of the whole estate given to his daughter Mary,
for teaching the blue-coat children in Mr. Waterhouse's charity to
write, at the discretion of the said Mr. "Waterhouse's feoffees." This
benefactor died May 15, 1729.

Elizabeth Bingley, by will dated May 12, 1729, gave and devised
all those her two cottages in or near the lane leading to Mount Pellon,
at the upper end of Halifax town, with their and every of their
appurtenances, then in the several tenures or occupations of her the
said Elizabeth Bingley and John Morris, the rents, issues and profits
thereof to go and be to and for the reader of prayers twice every day
in Halifax church for ever ; and if prayers should cease to be read
twice every day, then to the lecturer or afternoon man in Halifax
for the time being for ever. Her executor was John Holt of Halifax.
This benefactress was born in 1684, died May 14, 1729, and was
buried on the 1 6th following. These premises being copyhold, were
conveyed by Lord Irwin, by deed, to trustees, for the uses men-
tioned in the will.

Mary Drake of Halifax, widow, (who was buried, as Mr. Wright
says, in June, 1729) left twenty shillings yearly for ever, to the
lecturer at Halifax, and his successors, for preaching a sermon every
second Wednesday in June for ever.

John Tenant of Halifax, grocer, left the interest of ten pounds
yearly for ever, for reading prayers twice every day in the parish
church of Halifax. He died about the year 1729. A messuage or
dwellinghouse in Bury-lane is the security for this.

In addition to these charities, various bequests appear to have
been made, but particularly about the time of Doctor Favour, to the
" poore of Halifax" and other townships ; and also " to good and
godly uses" viz.



PUBLIC CHARITIES. 251

Clerk Waterhouse gave £10 ; (the purpose is omitted in the in-
quirie.) Robert Wade, gave unto the poor of Halifax and Sowerby
£30, to vi^itt, £xx at Halifax and £x at Sow^erby, and that by the
advice of Mr. Henry Farrar and Mr. Edward Maud and his executors,
or the most part of them, either for setting them to work or other-
wise. John Hogg, £6 13s. 4d. to good and godly uses. Edward
Broudley, £10 to good uses, either the free school or poor. John
Smith, £15 to the poor. John Maud, £40 to the poor and £40 to
ten of the most honest, decayed, poor tradesmen. Michael Water-
house, £20 to good uses. Sir A. Ingram, £10 to the poore. Wm.
Harrison, £20 to the poor, and £10 "towards bringing of the water
into Hallifax towne in lead ;" this in 1618.



THE FREE SCHOOL

Also appears to have been an object of considerable bounty, in former
years. Several legacies and bequests have at various times been
given to it, and Watson says "in 1634, £196 6s. 8d, was collected
in order to purchase lands for the use of this school ; the folloAving
perpetual benefactions have at different times also been made to it,
viz. Brian Thornhill of Fixby, esq. gave by will twenty shillings
yearly. Robert Wade of Fieldhouse gave five pounds yearly out of
Fieldhouse in Sowerby, but the title being disputable it was agreed,
by the parties concerned, that three pounds ten shillings should be
paid yearly. Gilbert Saltonstall, of Rookes in Hipperholme, gave
twenty shillings yearly out of Rookes, in fee, to be confirmed by
his son Samuel, of Hunstwick. Edward Maud, vicar of Wakefield,
gave ten shillings yearly out of a tenement." This account Watson
has extracted from the Register.

The "Inquirie" contains the following, which are also mentioned
in an old church book. "Item, wee finde, by the information of
Thomas Wilkinson, that one house, and one lathe or barn, at a
place in Halifax called Back-lane-end, is given to the free school of
Halifax ; and wee finde that the same is assured to the governors to
the use of the said free-school for ever. Item, wee heare by William
Whitacre, that Robert Cunliffe reporteth, that the governors of the
free-school demanded eight shillings a year, which was given out



252 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

of his lands in Blackledge, to the use of the free-school, and also
he saith he bought the rent out for eight pounds of the governors.
Item, wee finde that there is given out of the house of Robert Har-
greaves, in Bury-lane in Halifax, four shillings a yeare for ever,
towards the use of the free-school of Halifax. Item, wee fynde
Mr. Thornhill, late of Fixbye, did give twenty shillings yearly for
ever to the free-school of Hallifax, which hath been paid in former
tyraes, and hath now rested unpaid this five years or thereabouts.
Item, wee fynde xxs. given out of a tenemente called the Rookesin
Hipperholme to the free-schole yearly, and hath continued and beene
paid by a tenant there, called Roger Bancrofte."



TOWNSHIP OF NORTHOWRAM.

Hemingway's charity.

Robei-t Hemingway , of Overbrea in Northowram, by his will,
dated March 3, 1613, gave the sum of ten pounds, to be lent from
time to time, to certain of the most religious and honest poor, or
decayed tradesmen, of the township of Northowram, at the discre-
tion of his executors and overseer, and after their decease at the
discretion of the vicar of the parish church of Halifax, and the
churchwarden of the town of Northowram for the time being, with
the assistance of one honest and sufficient man of the said town,
whom he requested to take, from time to time, sufficient security
for the continuance thereof.

He also gave £10 to the Free Grammar School, at Halifax, and
£4o towards the maintenance of a preacher at Coley chapel.



TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY,

Independently of the £10, left by Robert Wade to the poor of
Sowerby, for setting them to work as before-mentioned, he also
surrendered "fower pounds yearly out of his lands for eighty years
to be given to the poor of Sowerby, and fower other honest men of
the same towne."



PUBLIC CHARITIES. 253

" Item, we fynde that George Foxcroft, by his will, dated the
20th day of May, in the 17th year of the king's majestie's reign,
that now is, did give £10 towards the building of a chapel, at
Sortrerby, to be paid by his executor within two months next after
the said building shall begin : also he gave £10 to the poore of the
Chappellrye of Sowerby, to be lent from year to year by the mini-
ster, churchwardens, and swornmen of the said chappell, for the
time being, to the poore people of Sowerby quarter, Westfield quar-
ter, and Blackwood quarter, taking security for the same, and
nothing to be paid for it."



CHAPELRY OR TOWNSHIP OF HEPTONSTALL.



JOHN GREENWOOD



" Item we fynde as it appeareth by the copy of a Deed, dated
Feb. 20th, in the 40th year of Queen Elizabeth, (1598,) shewn
unto us, that John Greenwood, of Cottingley, did give three score
pounds, to wit, forty pounds to be lent from year to year, for ever,
to the poor of Heptonstall parish, and twenty pounds to the poor
of Bradford-dale, by the discretion of the churchwardens for the
time being of the said parishes."

"The above" says Watson, "is mentioned both in Mr. Brear-
cliffe's manuscript, and in Halifax Register, vol. ii."



CALEB COCKROFT S CHARITY



Caleb Cockroft, of London, by his will, dated Nov. 2nd, 1643,
gave £20 to the parish of Heptonstall, whereof £10 of it tor Wads-
worth, and £10 for Heptonstall and Erringden, which money should
be lent to twenty poor men, to buy them bread corn, from two years
to two years, and with one sufficient surety, and to be lent by the
advice of the minister, churchwardens, and overseers of the poor,
and to be lent where they saw most need to lend, and to be lent to
such men who have no relief from the parish at all, and this in the
least not to be any hindrance to the charity of those townships, but
a help to poor men to buy corn at best hand, and cheapest. The
original of this will is in the prerogative court of Canterbury ; the



254 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

above was copied from Heptonstall register. By an inquisition at
Halifax, Feb. 16, 1651, it appeared that in 1647 the minister and
churchwardens distributed the money according to the donor's will,
but it was not found that they made any account thereof, to their
successors or others.

The "Inquirie" refers to a charity connected with Bingley : a
devise of land towards the building of a chapel in a place called
Dean's head in the parish of Huddersfield : and a rent-charge of £10
a year out of certain messuages for the maintenance of a minister
there. Of the following I cannot find any mention in the calendars
of either university.

" Item, wee fynde that William Aykroid, parson of Long Marsden,
by his will, dated the 13th day of September, 1715, gave certain
lands in Grimston, Brearley, and Batley, for the maintenance of a
scholar of his name at the universitie of Oxford or Cambridge, as
by the said will may more clearly appear."

In the foregoing account I have endeavoured to be as accurate
as possible, and have adhered to a simple statement of facts. It
includes, I believe, all the eleemosynary foundations, scholastic
institutions, and public charities, connected with the Parish, with
the exception of such as may be more properly denominated ecclesi-
astical endowments, these are included in the "inquirie," and will
find a place in connection with their respective chapels. There are
two or three benefactions to Protestant Dissenters, which it will also
be proper to notice.

The Report of the Commissioners is silent as to all the charities
connected with EUand ; and also to some other benefactions referred
to by Watson ; for this I am unable to assign a satisfactory reason.

It is highly gratifying to observe that none of the endowed schools
connected with this parish have been suffered to decay, (but two
fellowships and two scholarships in University College, Oxford,
given by the founder of Heptonstall school, were unfortunately lost
by the mismanagement of his executors) nor does it appear that the
funds applicable to the support of these schools have been diverted
from their legitimate course ; although the same observation will not
apply to some lands given to charitable uses.



PUBLIC CHARITIES. 255

The Parish can boast at present of not less than five endowed free
grammar schools, being more than are to be found in some entire
counties. The first, Queen Elizabeth's free grammar school at
Heath, "for the continual bringiqg up, teaching, and learning of
children and youth of the parish and vicarage of Halifax, and also of
other villages and hamlets near adjoining unto the same, and of other
ourfaithfulandliegepeople whosoever they be," &c. Second, the free
grammar school at Hipperholme, "to educate and instruct in gram-
mar and other literature and learning, the scholars and children of
the township and constablery of Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse only,
gratis and without any other reward." Third, Heptonstall free
grammar school "for the children of the inhabitants of the town and
township of Heptonstall." Fourth. Barkisland free school, "to
teach such a competent number of poor children of the town and
township of Barkisland to read English, and to write or cast accounts
or farther learning, as the feoffees should think meet and convenient
and as the funds would extend." And fifth, Rishworth School :
the peculiar beneficial effects likely to result from this establishment,
places it among the first class of scholastic institutions, and cannot
but afford much satisfaction to all who take an interest in the success
of our public seminaries ; the attention of the masters connected
with this school is exclusively confined to those who are entitled
to the benefit of the charity, nor are they permitted to take
other boarders. Much of the useful learning which has so re-
markably enlightened the middle ranks of the English nation, and
rendered us a moral and an understanding people, has proceeded
from our numerous public schools. It is in these truly respectable
nurseries of literature, that education has effected its most generous
and valuable purposes ; the mind, which might otherwise have been
confined by sordid habits, has been expanded : genius, which might
have been hidden from the world, has been called forth to the honor
of human nature ; and the general manners, from rudeness and vul-
garity, have been rendered easy, courteous, and polite.*

It may appear presumptuous to enlarge on the merits of our
local public seminaries, to many who have experienced their bene-
ficial effects ; their peculiar regulations having pointed out a particu-

* Wilson's History of Meroli. Taylor's School.



256 PUBLIC CHARITIES.

lar mode to be observed in the instruction of youth, of which their
education in the principles of the EstahlishedChurch forms a prominent
feature, it will be conceded that the election of persons properly-
qualified for their management is a matter of the first importance,
to preserve those institutions from the intrusion of ignorant or fanatic
trustees.

Sensible of the advantages to be derived from the extension of
education, and the diiFusion of religious knowledge in this manu-
facturing parish, may the noble example which has been set by our
forefathers animate us to follow in their steps ! If, as Dr. Johnson
has asserted, the chief glory of every people arises from its authors,
it is no less true "that public establishments, which are formed for
the advancement of literature, are the highest ornaments of a nation
in every state of refinement." Nor can there any surer pledge be
given for a durable loyalty to be transmitted to posterity, than a
conscience rightly informed by a good education. "I tell you. Sirs"
said Henry the Eighth to his hungry courtiers, fleshed with abbey
lands, and wishing to spoil colleges also ; — "I tell you. Sirs, that I
judge no land in England better bestowed than that which is given
to our universities."



BIOGRAPHY.

The Biography of the parish next claims our attention ; and the
selections from Mr. Watson's "Temple of Fame," together with a
few additions, will fully justify Dr, Whitaker's remark, "that the



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 23 of 52)