Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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parish has given birth or residence to more talent, in various de-
partments, than has fallen to the lot of some entire counties."
This will apply particularly to her divines, some of whom have not
only filled the highest offices in the church, and imparted an unsullied
sanctity on the lawn, but by the purity of their precepts and ex-
ample have shed an hallowed lustre on those important truths they
were called upon to preach ; not forgetting her martyr, Farrar, who
sealed them with his blood.

AiNSWORTH, William, curate of LightclifFe in this parish, pub-
lished "Triplex memoriale, or the substance of three commemoration
sermons. Preached at Halifax in remembrance of Mr. Nathaneel
Waterhouse, deceased. By William Ainsworth, late lecturer at St.
Peter's, Chester. York, printed by Thomas Broad, 1650." In one
of these sermons, he says "the ministry in this church of England
is, for the most part, the poorest trade that any man drives, the
inferiour sort of ministers having neither a competency while they
live, nor provision made for their families after their death, contrary
to the practice of other reformed churches. Every man thinks he is
at liberty to pay to the minister or forbeare, though he be content
to be bound in every thing else. Men would have ministers to
burne like lamps, but will afford them no oyle to keep in the light ;
like Pharoah's hard task-masters, they think we should make brick
without straw. The poorest ballad-singer and piper in the country
live better of their trades then ministers do."



258 BIOGRAPHY.

Brearcliffe, Johx, an apothecary born in Halifax, where he
died Dec. 4, 1682, aged 63. He wrote collections relating to the
antiquities of Halifax, a manuscript which the late Mr. Wilson of
Leeds (author of the manuscript collections of the lives and writings
of English, Scotch and Irish historians, their several editions, and
where their manuscripts are deposited, now lodged at the free-school
in Leeds) said, Mr. Thoresby the antiquary saw in the library at
Halifax church, but which, in Mr. Watson's time, had not been
there for more than twenty years. The title of one of these papers
was, "A particular survey of all the houseinge and lands within the
townshippe of Halifax, accordinge to the best information that
could be had, taken the the 22d day of Novr. 1648."

This Mr. Brearcliffe seems to have been fond of collecting to-
gether every thing which fell in his way, relating to the affairs of
his native town and parish. Among the rest were twenty pages in
folio in his own hand writing, intitled " Halifax inquieryes for the
findeinge out of severall giftes given to pious uses by divers persons
deceased. Written Dec. 22, 1651."

Thoresby, in his Vicaria Leodiensis, p. 68, mentions Mr. Brier-
clifFe's MS. catalogue of the Vicars of Halifax, and inscriptions
under their arms painted on tables in the library of that church, by
the care of that industrious and (which is infinitely better) religious
antiquary.

Bentley, William, born in Halifax, and the reputed author of a
book, called "Halifax and its gibbet law placed in a true light. Together
with a description of the town, the nature of the soil, the temper and
disposition of the people ; the antiquity of its customary law, and
the reasonableness thereof ; with an account of the gentry and other
eminent persons, born and inhabiting within the said town, and the
liberties thereof. — To which are added, the unparalleled tragedies
committed by Sir John Eland, of Eland, and his grand antagonists.
London, printed by J. How, for William Bentley, at Halifax, 1708."
It contains 1 74pages in8vo. The son of the above WilliamBentley caus-
ed another edition to be printed at Halifax, by P. Darby in 1761. The
first edition (which is esteemed scarce,) is that which Wright in his
history of Halifax, quotes by the name of the old gibbet-law book.

This William Bentley was clerk of the parish church of Halifax.



BIOGRAPHY. -259

Brown, Sir Thomas, is said, in Bentley's history, p. 89, to
have fixed himself in this parish, in his juvenile years, as a physician,
and to have vv^ritten here his Religio Medici. Wright, p. 152, asserts
the same, adding that he composed this piece at Shipden-hall, near
Halifax, where he lived about the year 1630.

John of Halifax, commonly called De Sacro Bosco, was born,
says Fuller, "in the town of Halifax so famous for cloathing, bred
first in Oxford, then in Paris ; being the prime mathematician of
his age. All students of astronomy enter into that art through the
door of his book " De Sphserse." He lived much beloved, died more
lamented, and was buried with a solemn funeral at the public cost
of the university of Paris. Thoresby aflftrms that he lay on his
back on the hill at Halifax, to observe the motion of the stars, when
he wrote his celebrated book, "De Sphserse." He died A. D. 1256.

Briggs, Henry, an eminent mathematician, was born at a
house called Daisy bank, adjoining to Warley Wood, in the township
of Warley, (not, as A. Wood has expressed it, in an obscure hamlet
called Warley Wood,) about the year 1556. In Halifax register is
the following entry, "Henricus, filius Thome Bridge, de Warley,
bapt. 23, Feb. 1560." The diff'erent spelling of the name is easily
accounted for, when it is considered what little care was used to be
taken in this respect, and also that Bridge is generally, in this part,
pronounced Brigg or Briggs.

"He received his first education at a grammar school, and was
thence sent to St. John's College, Oxford, of which he was ultimately
elected a fellow. He was particularly attached to the study of
mathematics, and when Gresham college was established in London,
was appointed the first geometry professor. About this time he
constructed a table for finding the latitude, from an observation of
the variation of the compass. In 1615 he was engaged on the subject
of eclipses and the noble invention of logaritlims, then recently dis-
covered, the theory of which he explained to his auditors at Grresham
college. He soon after paid a visit to Lord Napier in Scotland, to
whom he proposed an alteration in the scale of logarithms, from the
hyperbolic form of the discoverer, to that in which one should be
the ratio of ten to one. This proposition was adopted, and on his
s 9



260 BIOGRAPHY.

return from a second visit in 1616, lie published the first chilia or
thousand of his logarithms in octavo. In 1619 he was appointed
Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford, and settled at Merton
college, where he resided for the remainder of his life, employed in
the most laborious compilations of logarithms and other useful works.
In 16'22 he published a small pamphlet on a north-west passage,
which production was followed by his great work, the "Arithmetica
Logarithmica," London, 1 624, containing the logarithms of 30,000
natural numbers to fourteen places of figures, besides the index.
He also completed a table of logarithms, sines, and tangents, for
the whole quadrant ; for every hundredth part of degree, to fourteen
places of figures, besides the index, with a table of natural sines
for the same to fifteen places, &c. These celebrated tables were
printed at Gouda, and published at London in 1631, under the title
of "Trigonometria Britannica." This great man and eminent bene-
factor to science died at Merton college in 1630, leaving behind him
a high character for probity, as Avell as for genius and scientific
invention. In the works already mentioned, we meet for the first
time, with several important discoveries, which have been deemed
of later date ; such as the binomial theory, the diff'erential method,
&c. as ably pointed out by Dr. Hutton, in the preface to his mathe-
matical tables. Mr. Briggs wrote many other works besides the
foregoing, the principal of which are " Tables for the Improvement
of Navigation ;" "Euclidis Elementorum vi libri priores," 1620;
" Mathematica ab Antiquis minus cognita; " Commentaries on the
Geometry of Peter Ramus;" "Duse Epistolse ad Celeberrimum Vi-
rum;" "Animadversiones Geometricoe ;" " An English Treatise of
Common Arithmetic," &c. Some of these are still unpublished.

Bates, Joah, a musician of considerable eminence was born in
Halifax, in the year 1740. His father, Henry Bates, was for many
years clerk in the parish church. Joah's musical talent having
gained hira some celebrity in his native town, he determined upon
visiting the metropolis. Here he rose in his profession, and had the
good fortune to obtain the special notice of his majesty, king George
the third. Such was his reputation that, at the commemoration of
Handel in Westminster Abbey in the year 1784, he was unanimously
selected to superintend the performance ; in fact the plan is said to



BIOGRAPHY. z,bl

have originated with himself, in conversation with his patron the
late Earl Fitzwilliam, and another distinguished individual.

It may be of interest to the musical reader to state the fact, that
there was but one general rehearsal for each day's performance, and
though this was the first instance of a band of such magnitude being
assembled together, the performances were no less remarkable for
the multiplicity of voices and instruments (535) employed, than for
accuracy and precision. It is no less astonishing that this band
moved in exact measure, without the assistance of 'a Coryphaus to
beat time, either with a roll of paper or a noisy baton. Dr. Burney
remarks, concerning the precision of the performers, "the pulsations
in every limb, and ramifications of veins and arteries in an animal,
could not be more reciprocal and isochronous, or more under the re-
gulation of the heart, than the members ofthisbody of musicians under
that of the conductor and leader. The totality of sound seemed
to proceed from one voice and one instrument; and its powers pro-
duced not only new and exquisite sensations in judges and lovers of
the art, but were felt by those who never received pleasure from
music before." "But (as another able writer has observed) to the
encomiums so justly bestowed on the able manner in which the
band was conducted, Joah Bates, Esq. solely entitled himself ; his
labors were unremitting, and his reward, complete success."

Till the year 1793 he conducted, with much skill and energy,
the choral performances of ancient music, at which period he retired
and was succeeded by Mr. Greatorex. His wife was a prima donna
singer, celebrated for the excellence of her voice (a fine contralto,)
and the clearness of her tones and articulation. Her execution of
Purcell's celebrated song of "Mad Bess" is said to have been inimi-
tably fine. The husband died in 1799.

Bois, William, born in Halifax, and (as we are told in Peck's
Desiderata Curiosa, lib. viii. p. 38.) according to the custom of the
time and place, instructed in music and singing, wherein he after-
wards attained to great proficiency. He was educated at Cambridge
but having a dislike to popery, was obliged to retire to some place
of safety in the reign of Queen Mary, and he seems to have pitched
upon Nettlestead, nearHadley in Suffolk, where, though he Avas in
orders, he took a farm, and lived as a layman, marrying there



262 BIOGRAPHY.

Mirable Poolye, a gentlewoman of good family, who survived him
about ten years. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, he resumed his
sacred calling and served the cure of Elmesett near Hadley ; and
after the death of the incumbent was presented by the lord keeper
to the rectory ; and not long after to the rectory of West Stow, at
the presentation of Mr. Poolye. He died in the 68th year of his
age, leaving several children by his wife, one of whom proved an
ornament to his country, viz. Dr. John Bois, born Jan. 3, 1560,
and had a considerable hand in the present translation of the Bible,
and the sketch of whose life may be seen in Peck, as above. In
this sketch we are farther told, p. 40, that the Doctor's father was
a great scholar, being excellently well learned in Hebrew and
Greek, which considering the time he lived in, was almost a miracle.

Burton, Thomas, A. M. sometime Vicar of Halifax. He pub-
lished a sermon preached in the parish church, from Psalm xlvi. 10.
on Tuesday, July 7th, 1713, being the day appointed by her majesty
for a public thanksgiving for the peace. London, 1713, containing
16 pages in 8vo. The principles advanced in this discourse, which
Mr. Watson calls "something extraordinary" are nothing more than
the common tory principles of the time.

Crabtree, Henry, sometimes written Krabtree, was born in
the village of Sowerby, where he was initiated in school learning
with Archbishop Tillotson. He has left behind him the character
of being a good mathematician and astronomer. Derham, in his
Astro-Theologi/, lib. iv. cap. 3. sais, in a note, "In their letters (now
in my hands) there is an ingenious controA^ersy between those two
great men, Mr. Gascoigne, the inventor of the micrometer, and Mr.
Crabtrie, concerning the solar spots that appeared about the year
1640, which Mr. Gascoigne imagined to be great numbers of small
planets revolving round the sun, at a small distance from him. Mr.
Crabtrie's answer and opinion may be seen in his letter, which is
published with my own observations about the solar spots, from
1703 to 1711, in the Philos. Trans. No. 330."

He published "Merlinus Rusticus or a Country Almanack, yet
treating of courtly matters, and the most sublime affairs now in
agitation throughout the whole world. 1 . Shewing the beginning,



BIOGRAPHY. 263

encrease, and continuance of the Turkish or Ottoman Empire.

2. Predicting the fate and state of the Roman and Turkish Empires.

3. Foretelling what success the Grand Seignior shall have in this
his war, in which he is now engaged against the German Emperor.
All these are endeavored to be proved from the most probable and
indubitable arguments of history, theology, astrology, together with
the ordinary furniture of other Almanacks, by Henry Krabtree,
Curate of Todmurden in Lancashire. London, printed for the
Company of Stationers, 1685."

He married Pilling, widow, of Stansfield Hall.

Deane, Richard, D. D. bishop of Ossory. In Wood's Athena;
Oxonienses, p." 722, it is said that this Richard was son of Gilbert
Deane of Saltonstall in this parish, by Elizabeth his wife ; that he
was born at Saltonstall, and having been educated in grammatical
in his own country, became at seventeen years of age, a student in
Merton college, in 1587, where continuing about five years as a
portionist, he retired to Alban-hall, where he took the degree of
Ijachelor of arts in October 1592, and that of master three years
after, which was the highest degree he took in this university. He
was made Dean of Kilkenny in Ireland, and in the year 1609 suc-
ceeded Dr. Horsfall in the bishopric of Ossory. He died on the
20th of February, 1612, and lies buried in the cathedral at Killcenny
under a marble monument near the bishop's throne.

Deane, Edmund, brother to the above Richard, entered a student
of Merton College, in lent term, 1591, aged nineteen, where (as we
are told by Wood, p. 602) he took one degree in arts, and then
retired to Alban-hall, where he became bachelor and doctor of physic.
He settled in the city of York, and practised there till about the
beginning of the civil wars.

Favour, John, L. L. D., sometime vicar of Halifax, was born
at Southampton, where he was educated in grammatical learaing,
but finished for the university at Archbishop Wykeham's school at
Winchester. He was elected fellow of New College in 1578.
June 5, 1592, he proceeded doctor of the civil law, and was made
vicar of Halifax, Deer. 3, 1593. The beginning of March, 1618,



264 BIOGRAPHY.

he was made warden or master of St. Mary Magdalen's hospital at
Ripon. March 23, 1616, he was collated to the Prebendship of
Driffield, and to the Chantership of the church of York. He was
also chaplain to the Archbishop, and residentiary.

It is reported of this divine, that he preached every Sunday,
lectured every day in the week, exercised justice in the common-
wealth, and practised physic and chirurgery. That he was a good
di^'ine, a good physician, and a good lawyer. He died March 10,
1623, and was buried in the parish church. See his epitaph, p. 116.

Farrar, Robert, Bishop of St. David's, the Martyr, -was born
in the parish of Halifax is certain, but unfortunately the family
pedigree originates about a generation too low to comprehend him.
" Happy should I have been to prove, (says Dr. Whitaker,) that
Ewood Hall, a large substantial gentleman's house, rebuilt about
a century ago, (the residence of the late Dr. Fawcett,) is one on
the scite of that which gave birth to Robert Farrar, Bishop of St.
David's, the Martyr."

"Though his nature appears to have partaken of the ruggedness*
of the soil and climate from which he sprung, and though he may
in every respect be regarded as inferior to Cranmer, Ridley, and
Latimer, yet we are bound to venerate the understanding and con-
science of a man upon whom the light of the gospel dawned, in the
twilight of a cloister, and who resolutely followed that light when
it guided him from a throne to a stake."

He was condemned and burned at Caermathen, on the south
side of the market-cross there, March 30, 1 5.55. It was remarkable
that one Jones coming to the bishop a little before his execution,
lamented the painfulness of the death he had to suffer ; but was
answered, that if he once saw him stir in the pains of his burning,
he should then give no credit to his doctrine. And what he said he
fully performed, for he stood patiently and never moved, till he was
beat down with a staff.

Fox in his Book of Martyrs, says that the first persecution against
him was malicious, and that the second was commenced because he
was a protestant. It is certain that some of the articles which he
was put to answer in the reign of Edward the vi. were to the last
degree frivolous, and shewed themselves to be the offspring of a



BIOGRAPHY. 265

revengeful mind, such as riding a Scottish pad, with a bridle with
white studs and snaffle, white Scottish stirrups, and white spurs —
wearing a hat instead of a cap — whistling to his child — laying the
blame of the scarcity of herrings to the covetousness of fishers, who
in time of plenty, took so many that they destroyed the breeders ;
and lastly, wishing that at the alteration of the coin, whatever me-
tal it was made of, the penny should be in weight worth a penny
of the same metal.

Fawcett, John, D. D. The late Dr. Fawcett though not a
native of this parish, may justly be considered as identified with it,
the whole of his long life, after he had attained to maturity, with the
exception of occasional visits to other parts, having been spent in its
precincts. He was brought up within the pale of the established
church, and though he afterwards, from conscientious motives, con-
nected himself with another denomination of christians, he retained
a high respect for many distinguished individuals in that church, and
preserved, through life, a friendly intercourse with them. In him
orthodoxy and charity were happily united. From his earliest year
he shewed an ardent thirst for knowledge, denying himself many
of the comforts of life that he might spend the money in books, and
often retrenching upon the hours of repose, that he might devote
them to literary pursuits.

He commenced his labours as a minister, at Wainsgate, in the
township of Wadsworth, situated in a mountainous district, and on
the verge of an extensive moor, where a small place of worship of
the humblest structure, had been erected by the neighbouring in-
habitants. In this secluded spot, amidst many discouragements,
and often exercised with heavy afflictions, he continued to officiate,
though he had frequent invitations to places in a pecuniary point
of view greatly superior, and where there Avas a prospect of more
extended usefulness, till the gradual increase of the congregation,
from the surrounding hamlets, rendered the erection of a new meet-
ing house at Hebden Bridge, a central situation in the valley below
very desirable, which was accordingly effected in the year 1777.
In addition to the discharge of his pastoral duties, he opened an
academy at Brearlcy Hall, in which he met with great encourage-
ment, both during his residence there, and afterwards when the



266 BIOGRAPHY.

establishment was removed to Ewood Hall. Not to mention many
others who availed themselves of pursuing their studies under these
academic shades the names of Foster a native of this parish, writer
of the celebrated Essays, and other valuable publications ; and of
Ward, the missionary, and co-adjutor of Dr. Carey, in translating
and printing the holy scriptures into a variety of eastern languages,
in which the attempt had never before been made, will be handed
down to posterity. Numerous and pressing as Dr. Fawcett's en-
gagements were, both before and after his removal from Wainsgate,
he published a variety of books, many of which have passed through
several editions ; among which may be enumerated "The Sick Man's
Employ" written on recovering from a severe and tedious indispo-
sition. " The Advice to Youth" " Hymns adapted for public wor-
ship and the closet:" "Essay on Anger;"* " The Life of Oliver
Heywood;" "Christ precious to those who believe ;" "The history
of John Wise," intended for young children, which has been widely
circulated, and in which he shewed that versatility of talent by
which Dr. Watts was so eminently distinguished : also a periodical
work entitled "Miscellanea Sacra," printed at his own private press,
with many other books, which the limits of this notice will not ad-
mit to be specified. When near seventy years of age, having retired
from the superintendence of the Academy, at the earnest request
of several friends, he employed his leisure, in writing a Comment
on the Bible, which was afterwards published, with the appropri-
ate title of a "Devotional Family Bible." To this work, which, at
his time of life, may well be considered as an Herculean labour, he
steadily devoted his attention, without the aid of an amanuensis,
and lived to complete it, though it was evident towards the close,
that the unremitted application preyed upon his constitution ; but
in accordance with his favourite motto, "Dum vivimus, vivamus,"
he was anxious to be usefully employed, so long as his mental and
corporeal powers would admit, and that he might not disappoint
those who had patronized the publication, by leaving it in an un-
finished state. He was born near Bradford, Jany. 6, 1740-1, and



♦ A copy of this Work, accompanied by a humble and dutiful address, expressive of
his attachment to his Sovereign, was presented to his late Majesty George III., which the
Author had the satisfaction of knowing was graciously received, and perused with appro-
iMition.



BIOGRAPHY. 267

died J uly 25th, 1817, in the 77th year of his age. — Sometime
after his decease an octavo volume appeared, containing a detailed
account of his life, ministry, and writings, comprehending many
particulars relative to the progress of religion in Yorkshire and
Lancashire.

Foe, Daniel de, a writer of great natural ingenuity and fertility,
was born in London in 1663, being the son of a protestant dissenter
who followed the business of a butcher. His father simply called
himself Foe, and why Daniel prefixed the De to his name is not known.
Being forced to abscond on account of his political writings, he
resided some time at Halifax, in the Back-lane, at the sign of the
Rose and Crown, being known to Dr. Nettleton the physician, and
the Rev. Mr. Priestley, minister of the dissenting congregation there.
It appears that he employed himself in writing his largest poem,
"Jure Divino," being a satire on the doctrine of divine right ; he is
also here said to have written the most popular of all his performances,
" The life and surprising adventures of Robinson Crusoe," which
was published in 1719; the imputation of his founding it upon the
papers of Alexander Selkirk, the Scottish mariner, left on the
uninhabited island of Juan de Fernandez, appears to be altogether
untrue.

Among the number of his political works he published "The
shortest way with the Dissenters," an ironical recommendation of
persecution, so gravely covered that many persons were deceived by
it. The house of Commons voted it a seditious libel, and sentenced
him to fine, imprisonment and pillory ; so far from being ashamed
of the latter he wrote "A hymn to the pillory," allusive to this



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 24 of 52)