Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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circumstance. Pope thus characterizes him in his Dunciad :

" Careless on high, stood unabash'd Defoe."
This indefatigable and industrious writer died in April, 1731, at
his house in Cripplegate, London, insolvent, leaving a widow and
six children.

Gibson, William, M.D. was born at Sleadhallin this parish, and
educated in Jesus College, Cambridge, where having taken both the
degrees in his faculty, he was elected Professor of Anatomy : here
he might have continued with profit to others, and honor to himself.



268 BIOGBAPHY.

but having the misfortune to succeed to a moderate paternal estate,
he quitted the liberal society, and with it the liberal habits of an
university. It might be said of him, as it was of another Cambridge
professor, "eratei magnum ingeneum non sine mixtura dementiae :"
— he was a man of genius, with a strong tincture of what, in the
tenderness of modern language, is called derangement. This was
aggravated by brandy, to which he abandoned himself with as clear
and calm a foresight of its consequences, as if he had been studying
the case of a patient : he predicted the long life of his friend (Dr.
Joseph Hulme, also a native of this parish) who was a water drinker,
and with much more certainty the speedy termination of his own.
Meantime he continued to practise in his own Faculty, sometimes
with that felicity which is inseparable from genius, and often with
a caprice and extravagance that rendered it dangerous to consult
him. At length he betook himself to a paltry inn at Brighouse,
whence on one occasion he issued forth, in his scarlet robes and
ermine hood, to meet and mortify a bachelor of his own faculty.
At this house he became a prey to the destructive habit already
mentioned, at the age of 39, and was interred in the parish church.

Greenwood, Daniel, D. D., was born in the township of
Sowerby ; was first fellow, and afterwards made principal of Bra-
zen Nose College, in Oxford, by the parliamentary visitors in 1648,
and was vice-chancellor of that University in 16.50 and 1651 ; in
this latter year he was at the head of an association for the parlia-
ment, raising, at the charge of the heads of houses, &c. one hun-
dred and twenty horse, and allowing the governor of Oxford to
acquaint the counsel, that they had engaged to raise a regiment of
foot out of the university and city. This place he held no longer
than the restoration, when he was ejected from it. After his wife's
death, he lived in the house of his nephew, Mr. Daniel Greenwood,
rector of Steeple-Aston, in Oxfordshire, where he died Jan. 29th,
1673, aged 71, and was buried in the chancel of the church there.

Greenwood, Daniel, son of John, and nephew of the above,
was born in Sowerby, became scholar of Christ's college, Cambridge
and in 1 648 was made fellow of brazen noze college, Oxford, by
the endeavours of his uncle, the principal of the said college, several



BIOGRAPHY, '2(i':)

fellows being- that year ejected on account of their attachment to tlie
king. In 1653 he was presented by the college to the rectory of
Steeple Aston, in Oxfordshire, which he held until his death in
1629, and was buried near the grave of his uncle above-named.

Guest, . It is said that General Guest, who bravely

defended Edinburgh Castle against the rebels in 1745, was once a
servant at the Angel Inn, at Halifax, which greatly redounds to
his honor, as probably he was promoted for his merit. His parents
lived at Lidgate, in LightclifFe.

Hartley, David, M.A, was born at lUingworth, in this parish;
his father was curate there, and married May 25, 1707, a daughter
of the Rev. Edward Wilkinson, his predecessor. His son David
received his academical education at Jesus College, Cambridge, of
which he was fellow. He first began to practise physic at Newark,
in Nottinghamshire, from whence he removed to St. Edmund's
Bury, in Suffolk. After this, he settled for some time in London,
and lastly went to live at Bath, where he died Sept. 30, 1757, aged
53. He left two sons and a daughter. His elder son got a travel-
ling fellowship, and his younger was entered at Oxford in Michael-
mas term, 1757. He published " A View of the present Evidence
for and against Mrs. Stephen's Medicines as a Solvent for the Stone,
containing 155 cases, with some experiments and observations."
London, 1739. This book, which contains 204 pages in 8vo. is
dedicated to the president and fellows of the Royal College of
Physicians, London. He was the chief instrument in procuring for
Mrs. Stephens the £5000 granted by Parhament.

Dr. Hartley was allowed to be a man of learning, and reputed a
good physician ; but too fond of nostrums : his most considerable
literary production is a work entitled " Observations on man, his
frame, his duty, and his expectations, in two parts." London, 1749.
2 vols. 8vo.

HoYLE, Joshua, D.D. was born at Sowerby, received his first
academical education in Magdalene-hall, in Oxford, and being after-
wards invited to Ireland, was made fellow of Trinity Coll. Dublin :
there he took the degree of D.D. and was elected Divinity Professor
in that University. In this ofhce he expounded the whole bible



270 BIOGRAPHY.

through m daily lectures, and in the chiefest books ordinarily a verse
each day, which work held him almost fifteen years. Some time
before he ended that work, he began the second exposition of the
whole bible in the Church of Trinity College, and within ten years
ended all the New Testament (excepting one book and a piece) all
the Prophets, all Solomon, and Job. He preached also and ex-
pounded thrice every Sabbath for the greater part of the year, once
every holyday, and sometimes twice. To these may be added, his
weekly lectures (as Professor) in the controversies, and his answers
to all Bellarmine's writings. On the breaking out of the Irish Re-
bellion, in 1641, he came into England, and was made vicar of
Stepney, near London, but being too scholastical, he did not please
the parishioners. He was constituted about this time one of the
assembly of divines, and furnished evidence against Archbishop Laud
on his trial, as to matter relating to the University of Dublin, whilst
he was Chancellor thereof. At length by the favour of the com-
mittee of parliament for the reformation of the University of Oxford,
he became Master of University College, and the King's Professor
of Divinity. He was respected by Dr. Usher, the learned Primate
of Ireland, in whose vindication he wrote "A Rejoinder to Will.
Malone, Jesuit, his reply concerning the real presence." Dublin,
1641, in a thick 4to. He died Dec. 6, 1654, and was buried in the
little old chapel of University College, which was pulled down in
1668.

HuLME Joseph, was born in the toAvnship of Little Horton, the
second son of Samuel Hulme, a dissenting minister, of whom it is
enough to say he was a friend and correspondent of Dr. Doddridge ;
under this excellent man Joseph Hulme was educated for the minis-
try ; but, changing his purpose, was placed as a pupil with the
amiable Dr. Nettleton, to learn the first rudiments of medical science.
Hence he removed to Leyden, where he had the advantage of study-
ing the different departments of his future profession, under Albinus
and Muschenbrock. Here he took the degree of M.D. and pub-
lished on that occasion an inaugural thesis, "De distillatione catar-
rhosa," M'hich bears date 1743. He next proceeded to Paris, to
complete his studies, and then returned to Halifax to succeed his
old preceptor : here he continued to his death, which happened



BIOGRAPHY. 271

Feb. 2, 1806, in the 9'2nd year of his age. He was interred in the
North Chapel of Halifax Church, where a tablet has been erected
to his memory.

HuLME, Nathaniel, M.D. lived for some time in Halifax with
his uncle Josej^h Hulme, M.D., and wrote " Libellus de natura,
causa, curationeque Scorbuti. To this is annexed a Proposal for
preventing the Scurvy in the British Navy, 8vo." London, 1768.

Knight, Titus, was born in this parish, December 17, 1719 ;
he began to preach in the year J 749, being then among the Method-
ists. In 1762 he withdrew from that connection, and joined the
Independents. In the year 1764 he was appointed one of the
preachers at the Tabernacle, in London. He afterwards settled in
Halifax, at a Chapel in the Fold ; the place which was formed of
two cottages thrown into one, becoming too small for his congrega-
tion, the handsome erection, called " The Square Chapel," was
built by voluntary subscriptions, and opened in 1773, wherein he
ministered until his decease, which happened in the year 1793. As
a minister among the Independents he attained considerable emi-
nence and popularity ; and his name and character are still held in
veneration by that numerous and respectable body of Christians.

Knight, Samuel, A. M. was born at Halifax, on the 9th of
March, 17.59 : he was the eldest child, (by the second marriage) of
the above Titus Knight. There is a "circumstance (says the Rev.
William Knight in the brief memoir of his father, accompanying his
sermons and miscellaneous w^orks,) rendered remarkable by events
in after life, and which I cannot, on that account, omit mentioning,
that my father was a child of delicate constitution ; for, on being
presented by his parents at the baptismal font. Dr. Legh, who then
held the living of Halifax, and who officiated on the occasion, re-
fused, in the first instance, to administer the ordinance, under the
impression that the infant had actually expired before it was given
into his arms ! How profoundly ignorant are we of futurity : little
did the vicar of Halifax imagine that the child he was about to ex-
clude from the initiatory rite of the christian church, was destined,
one day, to occupy the very situation, in that church, ^which he
himself then filled."



272 BIOGRAPHY.

He received the rudiments of his education at the Free Grammar
School at Hipperholme, and on completing his twentieth year, he
was entered a fellow of Magdalen College, Cambridge. With res-
pect to his proficiency in literature, and his attainments of academ-
ical honors, it may simply be remarked, that his classical knowledge
was not only highly appreciated by his college, but acknowledged
by the university. The prominent situation which his name
occupies among the wranglers who graduated in the year 1783,
sufficiently establishes his character as a mathematician, and his
being subsequently elected a fellow of his college affords a proof of
the approbation which that society entertained as well of his con-
duct as of his talents. In the year 1783 he was ordained deacon,
by Bishop Green, in the Temple Church, London, on receiving a
title for the curacy of Wintringham, in the county and diocese of
Lincoln. Here in addition to his clerical duties he undertook the
charge of a few pupils, and in the year 1791 published his small
book of Prayers, a book which passed through sixteen large editions
during the life-time of its author, and continues much in request.
In the year 1794 he was presented by Lord Carrington to the small
living of Humberston in Lincolnshire. Along with the curacy of
Wintrington he likewise held, for some years, that of Roxby, a
village in the immediate neighbourhood. These united curacies he
resigned in the year 1798, on being nominated by the Rev. Dr.
Coulthurst who then held the living of Halifax, to the incumbency
of Trinity Church in the town, which had just been erected at the
expense of the Reverend Doctor. On the decease of that gentle-
man, which took place in December, 1817, a memorial numerously
signed by the parishioners was presented to the earl of Liverpool,
then prime minister, soliciting Mr. Knight's appointment to the
vacant living. Although there were instances of this mode of ap-
plication for crown livings, his lordship expressed his decided dis-
approbation of the principle which had been acted upon, as not
only tending to infringe on the patronage of the crown, but as es-
tablishing a precedent which might lead to much inconvenience.
At length the high testimonials in Mr. Knight's favour, supported
by the influence of the late member for Yorkshire, (William Wil-
berforce, Esq.) and a short correspondence with the Archbishop of
York, in which his grace was pleased to speak of Mr. Knight in



BIOGRAPHY. \, 273

terms of high commendation, and fullv to confirm the statements
which had been made in the memorial, his lordship waved his
objections to the mode of application ; and on the 29th day of Decem-
ber, 1817, Mr. Knight received an official intimation of his appoint-
ment to the living : he died on the 7th day of January,. 1827, and
lies interred in the chancel.

Without entering upon the particulars which characterized the
features of Mr.Knight's pastoral qualifications as a christian minister
— an exemplary churchman — an able scholar — a sound divine — a
kind neighbour, and a truly good and valuable member of society ;
the very high commendations which he received not only from his
parishioners, but also from his venerable and respected diocesan, in
order to obtain for him the vacant living, vidll fully demonstrate
the deserved estimation in which he was held, not only by his
parishioners, but by all who had the honor and pleasure of his
acquaintance. The sermons and miscellaneous works of the deceased,
arranged and revised by his son, the Rev. James Knight, A. M,
perpetual curate of St. Paul's, Sheffield, have been published in two
vols. 8vo, accompanied by a brief memoir of the deceased, written
by his second son, the Rev. W. Knight, A. M. assistant minister
of St. John's, Hull.

John Lake, D. D. was born at Halifax, in that part now dig-
nified by the name of Russel-street ; he was educated at Queen
Elizabeth's free grammar school there. Thoresby says he entered
St. John's College, Cambridge, before he was thirteen years of age:
when there he was made prisoner, during the civil wars, with the
royal party ; but escaping thence he fled to the king at Oxford, and
continued four years in the royal army ; he was present at the taking
of Basinghouse and Wallingford. He refused the covenant and
afterwards the engagement, and entered into episcopal orders when
the royal cause was at the lowest ebb. July 26, 1647, he preached
his first sermon as lecturer at Halifax, but did not continue long iu
that employment, the town being "too deeply infected by republican
and fanatical principles, to allow a place of refuge to an inflexible
royalist." In 1660 he was presented to the vicarage of Leeds, but
not without so much opposition by the friends of his competitor,
that he found the church doors barred against him, and was compelled



274 BIOGRAPHY.

to employ the aid of a party of soldiers to secure his induction. In
1680 he was installed archdeacon of Cleveland ; in 1682 consecrated
bishop of Sodor and Man ; and translated in 1684 to the see of
Bristol. King James ii. in 1685 nominated him to the bishopric of
Chichester. Dr. Lake was one of the seven bishops, committed to
the Tower for presenting a petition against one of his sovereign's
papistical ordinances, and subsequently tried and acquitted, to the
great joy of the people of England. On the accession of his new
sovereign, WiUiam the 3rd, he refused to take the oaths of allegiance
and supremacy, in the conscientious belief that it would be repugnant
to the allegiance which he had sworn to his late sovereign ; in con-;,
sequence of this refusal he was suspended'from his preferment. jEfe'
did not long survive his suspension, and on his death bed dictated and
subscribed a memorable declaration in support of his favourite
doctrine, non-resistance and passive obedience, which he regarded
as the distinguishing characteristic of the church of EJngland. Dr.
Lake died, August 30th, 1689, as he had lived, "whether mistaken
or not, at least a consistent and conscientious man."

Marsh, Richard, D. D. rt^as born at Finhamstead, in Hert-
fordshire, in 1585, and educated at Cambridge, (though some have
said that he was fellow of All Souls College, Oxford.) He took
the degree of D. D. at Oxford in 1636. In 1614 he was made
vicar of Birstal, in the west-riding of Yorkshire : in 1625, prepen-
dary of Southwell ; and in 1 634, he succeeded Archbishop Bram-
hall in the prebend of Husthwaite, in the church of York. April
17th, 1638, he was inducted into the vicarage of Halifax, as appears
by an entry vvTritten with his own hand. In 1641 the king presented
him to the Archdeaconry of York, or of the west-riding of Yorkshire
and in November, 1644, nominated him to the deanery, on the death
of Dr. Scott, the king being then at Oxford ; but the confusions of
those times would not permit him to be elected, much less installed,
till the Restoration, when the former of these was performed August
17th, and the other the 20th, 1660. He was also prebendary of
Ripon, and as Walker, in his Sufferings of the Clergy, p. 82, says,
I'icar of Birstal, as before.

And as the doctor had these good preferments, so he was a great
and very early sufferer for his attachment to the king his patron :



BIOGRAPHY. 275

for in 1642, he had his living of Halifax sequestered, for delinquency,
to the use of the forces under lord Fairfax, himself narrowly escaping
from the town, but taken prisoner at Blackstone-edge, and carried
to Manchester, where he was confined for some time, till he made
his escape from thence, and got to the king at Oxford. Thus he
lost the benefit of his living for eighteen years together, and saw
Halifax no more till the restoration, when he returned, Sept. 16th,
1660, and took possession of his church again. An old man, who
was present, told Mr. Beckwith of York, "that the doctor went
into the church with his prayer-book under his arm, and finding
Eli Bentley officiating there, he turned him out of the desk, and
read prayers himself." The loss which the doctor sustained at
Halifax (besides other places) amounted to more than four thousand
pounds. He did not live long to enjoy his deanery, for he died Oct.
13th, aged 78, and was buried the 15th, 1663, in York Minster,
near the grave of Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of York, in the
south aisle of the choir, and over him was an achievement with his
arms, impaling Grice, of Wakefield, but that achievement is now
destroyed, and there only remained, in 1766, an escutcheon hung
up near his grave, with his arms, viz. gules, an horse's head couped
argent. (That in Halifax church is erased.) He had resigned the
vicarage of Halifax sometime before his death. He had been chap-
lain to king Charles I. to Archbishop Laud, and to Dr. Matthews,
Archbishop of York.

The Dr. was three times married ; his first wife was the daugh-
ter of Mr. Stephens, by whom he had five children ; his second
wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Batt, of Okewell-hall, near
Birstal, and fellow and vice-master of University College, Oxford,
by whom one daughter, Catharine, born in trouble ; for when the
mother was enceinte, the soldiers of Cromwell coming into the
house in search of Dr. Marsh, and not finding him, supposed he
might be hid in bed, and therefore stabbed their swords into the
bed where his wife was laid, and so frighted and wounded her, that
it induced immediate parturition, but having given birth to a daugh-
ter the mother expired. The doctor fled to save himself, and a trust}'
maid-servant made her escape with the child in tlie night, with
nothing but her upper garment on, carrying it in that state in the dark,
for fourteen miles, to a relation of the doctor's, where it remained
T 2



276 RIOGRAPHY.

till the Tlestoration when her father was at liberty to return. This
daughter, Catharine, married Mr. John Kay of Gomersal, and died
at Howley-hall, about 1 7 30, leaving a son and daughter, the latter
of whom, Martha, married Dr. Robert Tomlinson, rector of Wickham
and was living in 1766, being then in her 104th or 105th year. Dr.
Marsh's third wife was Frances, daughter of Mr. Grice of Wakefield,
She was buried in York minster, July 25, 1665.

The wives and children of delinquents being, by public ordinances
allowed the fifth part of the estate and goods which had been seized
upon, the following petition was sent in against Dr. Marsh, contain-
ing a set of reasons against his family receiving the said fifth part ;
but what was the efl^ect of it does not appear.

" 1 . Dr. Marsh was long since cast out of the vicarage of Hallifax
for misdemanors. 2. As wee conceive, the said Dr. Marsh was
never actually sequestered, or if hee was, never yet made his com-
posicion. 3. There was never any yett settled by authoritty in the
room of the said viccor to receive the profitts, except Mr. Wayte,
who was appointed viccor by the late Lord Fairfax. 4. The whoUe
profitts of the vicarrage doe in a manere wholy consist in Easter
dewes, and comunicant two penses, which wee conceive in equitty
cannot be demanded, seeing thatt Easter comunicants have soe
longe seased. 5. The people in that viccarage have beepe att greate
charge in mayntayneing the ministers, there beeing 12 chappalreyes
in the said viccarage, att which the have had for the most part
preaching ministers, and very little or noe mayntayneance to most
of them. 6. The said Dr. Marsh had, when hee was expelled the
viccarage, severall other liveinges, as att Birstall, Yorke, Rippon,
Sussex, hee was the latte Kinges chaplayen, and one of the hie
comishon att Yorke, besides he hath a good estate of his owne in
land, to the valeu of £30 per ann. and upwards. And whereas itt
is declared, thatt this now demanded is for his childeren, being
a 5' part, wee make bold humly to certiefie, thatt if itt shold bee
expected, and the people forst to pay itt, the greattest part of itt
must come from those thatt are in farr greater nesesitie then any of
his childeren is likely yett to come too, and from those who have
hazerded theire lives, and laid out their estates in the Parlimcnt's
servise, and whose suferings and loses have beene very greate.
, . "The peticioners unanimously, as well the inhabittants within



BIOGRAPHY. 277

the mother church whome the said small tithes did chiefely concerne
and all the rest of the viccarage, make ittheire humble request, that
the said Dr. Marshe's order for his 5' part may bee called in, and
that the same, and all the rest of the said tithes or Easter oblacions
may either wholy bee taken of, or otherwayes that the said tithes
may bee devided amongst the several chapells and mother-church,
as the was certified by the Com*, for the West Rideing of the
county of Yorke upon an act or order of Parliment."

It must be observed, that the estate of one John Marsh, D. D.
who was said to have been late of Halifax in the county of York,
was declared forfeited by treason, by an act of November 18, 1652,
but this, Mr. Watson had reason to think, was a misnomer.

MiDGLEY, Samuel, the real author of the history of Halifax,
which goes under the name of William Bentley, was a prisoner for
debt in York Castle, in 1685, where he was acquainted with Oliver
Heywood. He was also three times in Halifax jayl for debt, where
he wrote the above history, and where he died July 18, 1695. His
•jjoverty prevented him- frotn printing the book which he wrote for
his own support ; and he not only lost the benefit of his labors in
his life-time, but had another man's name put to his work when he
was dead. He practised physic, and was the son of WiUiam Midg-
ley, who was buried atLuddenden August 21, 1695, aged eighty-one.

MiLNBR, John, B. D. was the second son of John Milncr, of
Skircoat. This eminent scholar was educated at the free grammar
school of queen Elizabeth, tliere. At fourteen years of age he was
sent from thence to Christ's college, Cambridge, where he took
both the degrees in arts. He was elected vicar of Leeds, and
inducted thereto, a. d, 1673. In 1681, he was installed preben-
dary of Ripon, and after an incumbency of twelve years, being
dissatisfied with the oaths imposed on the accession of king William
he voluntarily quitted his preferments. Continuing in communion
with the church of England, he retired to St. John's college, Cam-
bridge, where he spent the last thirteen years of his life in piety
and study, beloved by the older members of the college, and rever-
enced for the quiet sanctity of his manners by the younger. There
he died, the I 6th Februarv, 1703, aged 75. He was the author



278 BIOGRAPHY.

of several learned works. His character may be summed up in the
following extract from a letter received by Thoresby from Dr. Gower



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 25 of 52)