Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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then master of St. John's. " Great learning and piety made him
really a great man ; he was eminent in both, and nothing but his
humility and modesty kept him from being more noted for being so.
I had the liappiness of much of his conversation, but still desired
more. He was a blessing to the whole society by the example he
gave in every good thing. He died beloved and much lamented
here, and his memory is honorable and precious among us, and
will long continue so."

Nalson, Robert, the collector of a folio manuscript, intitled,
"Miscellanea sive observationes collectanise," and signed " Robert
Nalson, 1665." This volume (which was in Mr. "Watson's own
collection) consists of a vast variety of subjects, chiefly transcripts,
but interspersed with original papers, and others so scarce that they
are nearly as valuable as if they were known originals. Wright, at
page 80 of his history, says, this MS. unfortunately fell into ill hands,
and had several pages, all of them relating to the gibbet executions,
torn out, before the book was returned to the proper owner. Where
he received that information, says Watson, I cannot tell, but it appears
not from the book itself. The late Mr. Wilson, of Leeds, in his
MS. account of English Historians, in two vols, folio, now at the
Free Grammar School, at Leeds, says, that Mr. Nalson, left MSS,
to Halifax Library, but nothing of that sort appears now, and I
judge it to be a mistake. The author tells us that he received con-
firmation from Archbishop Freuin, in 1664, in his own chapel, at
Bishopthorpe, and that he was then about thirty-nine years of age,

Nettleton, Thomas, son of John, born at Dewsbury, settled
at Halifax, where he practised physic for several years with great
success, having taken the degree of M. D. at Leyden. He and Mr.
West, of Underbank, near Pennistone, in Yorkshire, were the first
who instructed professor Sanderson in the principles of mathematics
and the Doctor used to say, that the scholar soon became more
knowing than his masters. He was auther of a pamphlet, intitled
"some thoughts concerning virtue and happiness, in a letter to a
Clergyman." Lond. 1729, 8vo. which he afterwards much enlarged.



BIOGRAPHY. 279

It was reprinted in 1736, and 1751, at London, both in 8vo., but
the former of these is the more valuable, because it had the author's
finishing hand. The design of this valuable work, is to shew, that
happiness is the end of all our actions ; how we deviate from our
true happiness ; and how these deviations may be prevented. He
has also given us some excellent rules for the management of our
several passions, and has undeniably proved, that virtue is the best
and chiefest good ; that it is not only the support and ornament of
society, and beneficial to mankind in general, but the truest, and
most substantial happiness to every particular person, as it yields
the greatest pleasure, both in its immediate exercise, and in its
consequences and efi"ects : that it gives a relish to all other pleasures,
and where it is wanting, there can be no true nor lasting pleasure,
but all will be bitterness, horror, and remorse, without the least
mixture of any thing gentle and agreeable. His other works are
"Disputatio de Inflammatione ;" and an account of the method of
inoculating for the small pox. By a paper of Dr. Jurin's, p. 131,
vol. vi. Philosophical Transactions, it appears, that Dr. Nettleton
had inoculated sixty-one persons, when all others in England (as
far as could be gathered) had only inoculated one hundred and
twenty-one. The doctor died Jany. 9, 1742, and was buried on
the 12th at Dewsbury.

The following story is told of the doctor : that being in company
with several gentlemen, one of them was laying great stress on Dean
Echard's account of Cromwell's selling himself to the devil before
the battle of Worcester ; affirming, that the bargain was intended
to be for twenty-one years, but that the devil had put a trick upon
Oliver, by changing the twenty-one into twelve, and then turning
hastily to the doctor, asked him, " What could be the devil's motive
for so doing?" The doctor without hesitation answered, "That
he could not tell what was his motive, unless he was in a hurry
about the Restoration."

Ogden, Samuel, D. D. born in or near Manchester, July 28th,
1716, was curate of Coley, in this parish, afterwards, master of the
free grammai- school near Halifax, and curate of Elland. ITie name
of Ogden was anciently Oakden, denoting a place in the township
of Butterworth, near Rochdale, and their arms three slips of Oak



280 BIOGRAPHY.

acorned, proper, contain a proper allusion to the true orthography.
He was a fellow of St. John's, in Cambridge, where he took the
degree of D. D. and was made vicar of Damerham in Wiltshire.
He published two sermons, preached before the university of Cam-
bridge, in 1758, one from 1 Thess. v. 13. upon May 29, being the
anniversary of the restoration or king Charles H. the other from
Deut. iv. 6. on June 22, being the anniversary of the Accession of
his Majesty king George II. Both dedicated to his patron the duke
of Newcastle, chancellor of the university of Cambridge. He also
published some sermons on the efficacy of prayer and interces-
sion, printed at Cambridge. The doctor was chosen Woodwardian
professor of the university of Cambridge. He died 22 March, 1778,
and was interred in St. Sepulchre's Church, Cambridge, where a
plain monument records all that will be necessary in that place.
" As a preacher, (says Dr. Whitaker,) he was an original, never
yet safely imitated, and nev,er safe tobe imitated. As a writer, he
is above all praise, in short he was one of those gifted orators, who'
equally attract the learned and illiterate, who are heard with equal
admiration and delight in the pulpit of an university, or by a con-
gregation of peasants. What he attempted he mastered, what he
understood at all, he understood perfectly."

Power, Henry, M. D. practised physic in Halifax, from whence
Wright, in his History, p. 171, says, he removed to New Hall, near
Elland, and died there ; but Wilson, in his MS. account of the
English historians, already mentioned, tells us, that he removed from
Halifax to Wakefield, where he died Dec. 23, 1668. He wrote a
treatise, intitled " Experimental Philosophy, in three books, con-
taining new experiments, microscopical, mercurial, and magnetical."
4^«. London, 1664.

Ramsden, Henry, son of Geoffry Ramsden, of Greetland, in
this parish, was admitted a commoner of Magdalen hall in Oxford,
in 1610. He took the degrees in arts, and was elected fellow of
Lincoln College, in 1621, and five years afterwards, leaving that
place, became a preacher in London, and was much resorted to,
for his edifying and puritanical sermons. At length, on the death
of Mr. Hugh Ramsden, his elder brother, he was made vicar of



BIOGRAPHY. 281

Halifax, where he continued till his deatli, in 1637, und was buried
in the chancel of Halifax church.

The register at Halifax has this entry : "Henricus Ramsden,
filius Galfridi Ramsden, de Greetland, infra vicariam de Hallifax,
atq; Hugonis, nuper vicarii de Hallifax, frater natu minor, M. A.
socius coUegii Lincolniensis, Oxon. inductus est vicarius de Hallifax
decimo calend. Sejjtembris, anno 1629." His widow died at
Elland, May 1], 1682.

RooKEBY, William, Dr Archbishop of Dublin, sometime vicar
of Halifax, was born, as Wilson asserts in his MS. account of English
historians, at Kirk Sandal in Yorkshire, though Tanner says that
he was born in Halifax. He was educated, says Wood in his Athence
vol. i, p. 659, partly in an ancient hostle for the reception of
Canonists in St. Aldate's parish in Oxford ; he himself being after-
wards doctor of the Canon law. He was made rector of Sandal and
vicar of Halifax, In 1498 according to Sir James Ware, vol. i. p.
153, he was made lord chancellor of Ireland by king Henry the vii. but
Wood fixes this to the year 1515, not knowing that this was his
second election into that high office, which he is supposed after this
to have held for life. In 1507 he was advanced to the bishopric of
Meath, by Pope Julius ii. and the same year called into the privy
council by King Henry the vii. And was afterwards, by the same
pope, translated to the see of Dublin, Jan. 28, 1511-12, and on
the 22nd of June following had restitution of the temporaries. In
1518 he convened a provincial synod, the canons of which are yet
extant in the Red book of the church of Ossory. He died Nov. 29,
1521, and his body was buried (says Sir James Ware) in his own
cathedral of St. Patrick's, Dublin, only his heart was conveyed into
England, and dei)osited in the monument of his ancestors. This
may be true, but it is directly contrary to the words of his will,
which ordered, that he should be embowelled, and his bowels and
heart buried in the church of Halifax, within the choir, and his body
to be buried in the new chapel at Sandal, and thereon a tomb of
stone to be made, and about the same to be written: "Ego Willi-
elmus, Dublin. Archiepiscopus, quondam rector istius ecclesiae, credo

quod Redemptor mens vivit — Qui obiit cujus animse propitietur

Deus, Amen." There is no proof, it must be owned, that his body



282 BIOGRAPHY.

was conveyed to Sandal. That his heart and bowels were buried at
Halifax seems certain, for Wright, p. 43, says, they were buried
in the chancel of Halifax church, and over them was laid a stone,
with the figure of an heart engraved thereon ; and that when the
chapel, which he had ordered to be built on the north side of
Halifax church, was finished, they were removed into it, with the
stone which lay over them, which yet remains, though his heart
and bowels may not be there, for the earth has been suffered to be
opened, and once, if not oftener, the little lead box which contained
them has been dug up.

The archbishop beautified and repaired the vicarage-house at
HaHfax.

RooTE, Henry, this was the person whom Mr. TUlotson (after-
wards archbishop) consulted, in 1649, about taking the engagement
at Clare-hall, Cambridge. He published a pamphlet, entitled " a
just apology for the church of Duckenfield," 4to. This was a
defence of one Eaton, who was at the head of a congregational
assembly there, against the reflections of one Edwards, and is dated
from Sowerby, March 2, 1646.

Savile, Henry, afterwards knighted by James the First, in
1 604, was one of the most profound and elegant scholars of the age
in which he lived. He was born at Bradley, in this parish, Nov.
30th, 1549, and after graduating at Brazennose College, Oxford,
removed on a fellowship to Merton College, in the same university.
In his twenty-ninth year he made a tour on the continent, for the
purjjose of perfecting himself in elegant literature, and on his re-
turn was appointed tutor in Greek and mathematics to Queen
Elizabeth, who held his abilities in great estimation. Seven years
after, the wardenship of his college becoming vacant, he was elected
to fill that situation, which he held for about six-and-thirty years,
the provostship of Eton being added to it in 1596. On the acces-
sion of James to the throne of the united kingdoms, several digni-
fied offices were offered to his acceptance by the new king, who
affected to patronize all men of eminent classical attainments. The
moderation of Mr. Savile was, however, as conspicuous on this
occasion as his erudition ; and although he accepted the order of



BIOGRAPHY. 283

knighthood, he steadily declined all other proposals, either of
honour or emolument. In fact, the loss of an only son soon made
him utterly indiiferent to promotion of any kind, and from that
moment he appears to have dedicated both his time and fortune
solely to the advancement and encouragement of literature. In
16 J 9 he founded two professorships in geometry and astronomy in
the university of which he was a member, besides conferring several
other valuable benefactions both in property and books, many of
the latter forming still a part of the Bodleian library. He was
the author of several learned works, of which the principal are his
" Commentaries on Roman Warfare ;" " Rerum Anglicarum post
Bedam Scriptores," folio, to which is added a chronological account
of events from Caesar to the Conquest ; " Praelectiones tredecem in
Elementa Euclidis Oxonioe habitae ;" " Oratio coram Elizabetha
Regina habita ;" a translation of four books of Tacitus, and that
writer's life of Agricola, with a commentary, in one folio volume.
He also edited Bradwardin " De Causa Dei ;" but the work by which
he is principally known is his celebrated edition of the writings of
St. Chrysostom, in eight folio volumes, which, including the sums
paid by him for the collation of different manuscripts both in
England and on the continent, was not produced at a less expense
than £8000. Sir Henry Savile was the intimate friend and cor-
respondent of J. Scaliger, Meibomius, Isaac Causabon, and most
of the learned men of his day. Sir Henry is mentioned as a member
of the Society of Antiquaries, in the Introduction to the Miscella-
neous Tracts relating to Antiquity, published by the Society of
Antiquaries of London, in 1770, p. 21. So well did he deserve
the character given of him, that he was " Musarum Patronus, et
Literarum Maecenas," being an encourager of all sorts of useful
learning, and universally well spoken of by all disinterested scholars.
There is a painting of him in the picture gallery at Oxford. His death
took place at Eton College, February 19, 1622, and his remains
lie buried in the chapel belonging to that establishment. He had
two brothers, John Savile, afterwards knighted, who died ia
1606, one of the barons of the exchequer, and a lawyer of consider-
able talent, whose reports in the courts of the exchequer and com-
mon pleas are yet referred to as books of authority : and Thomas,
of whom we record the following.



284 BIOGRAPHY.

Savile, Thomas, younger brother to sir John and sir Henry
just mentioned, born likewise at Over Bradley, in Stainland, was
admitted probationer fellow of Merton College, in 1580, and after-
wards proceeding in arts, he went abroad, and travelling through
various countries, improved himself in several parts of learning.
After his return, he became, through the interest of his brother,
one of the fellows of Eaton college, where he did credit to his
brother's choice, being reckoned among the first rate scholars. He
was made proctor of Oxford, April 5, 1592, and died the 12th
of January following, at London ; from whence his body was re-
moved to Oxford, and interred with great solemnity in the choir of
Merton College church, the following eulogium to his memory,
being entered in the register of that house : " Fuit sidus lucidissi-
mum, qui apud suos, et exteros, llterarum et virtutis fama ac morvim
urbanitate percelebris, 8ic."

He wrote "Epistolse variae ad illustres viros." Fifteen of these
were written to Camden, and are published by Dr. Thomas Smith,
of Magdalen college, Oxford, in a book entitled, "V. CI. Gulielmi
Cambdeni, et illustrium Virorum ad G. Cambdenum Epistolce, etc."
London, 1691, 4to. This was the reason why Cambden, in his
])reliminary discourse to the Brigantes, calls this Thomas his learned
friend in 1582 ; and it is something strange that Wood, inhis FastL
p. 127, should have any doubt of this being the same person, when,
in his Athena:, he had mentioned the above fifteen letters.

Savile, George, marquis of Halifax, descended of the same
family as the preceding, an illustrious statesman and elegant writer,
was born in 1 630. On the death of Cromwell he distinguished
himself by his exertions in favour of the absent king, which on the
restoration of that monarch -to the throne, were rewarded by a
by a coronet. In 1672 he was joined in commission with the Duke
of Buckingham and Lord Arlington to conduct the negociation with
France for a general peace. With this view he accompanied his
colleagues to Holland, but the object of their mission fatling, re-
turned to this country, and resumed his seat at the council-board.
From this situation, however, he was removed in 1675, through
the influence of the Duke of York, afterwards James the Second,
in consequence of his violent ojiposition to that Prince's measures



BIOGRAPHY. 285

ill favour of the Roman Catholic religion. But althoug-li he appears
to have been a determined enemy to that church, his loyalty to the
Stuart family operated no less forcibly on him when the bill for ex-
cluding the Duke from the succession Avas in agitation, his strongly
manifested repugnance to which nieasure brought him greatly into
disgrace with the party with which he had hitherto acted ; so much
so, that they carried a vote through the Commons that a petition
should be presented to the King, praying him again ta dismiss the
obnoxious peer from the post to which he had been but recently re-
stored. The dissolution of the parliament, so hostile to him, soon
followed, and he was raised a step higher in the peerage. In 1682
he experienced a still farther elevation, being created marquis of
Halifax, keeper of the privy seal, and president of the council,
which dignities he retained in the early part of the succeeding reign,
till his opposition to the proposed repeal of the test acts excited the
new king's displeasure, and caused his abrupt dismissal. From this
moment Lord Halifax continued in opposition, till the flight of
James, when he was chosen speaker of the House of Lords, in what
Ls known as the convention parliament, and in that capacity con-
tributed mainly to the elevation of William to the throne. His
predilection for the new government, however, did not long con-
tinue : and the year following, that of the Revolution, he resigned in
in disgust the privy seal, which had once more been committed to his
keeping, and during the whole remainder of his life spoke and voted
against the court. A mortification in the bowels carried him off in
1695. Lord Halifax was a man of great and unquestioned talents:
as an orator, though powerful and convincing, his eloquence wanted
that refinement which is found in his writings, his style being oc-
casionally low, and his humour coarse. Bishop Burnet denies the
then generally received opinion of his having been a freethinker,
and affirms that he died a sincere Christian from conviction. He
was the author of a treatise, entitled "Advice to a Daughter," as
well as of a variety of political tracts, the principal of which are,
"Maxims of State ;" " The Character of a Trimmer :" "Character
of King Charles II. ;" "Anatomy of an Equivalent ;" " Letter to a
Dissenter," t'^c. Many of these were collected after his decease,
and printed together in one octavo volume ; an enlarged edition
appeared some years after. He was succeeded in his titles and es-



286 BIOGRAPHY.

tates by liis only son William, who survived his father a little
more than four years, and by whose death, without issue, the mar-
quisate became extinct.

Savile, Henry, of Shaw-hill, in Skircoat, in this parish, com-
monly called long Harry Savile, was of the Saviles of Bank, near
Halifax, entered a student of Merton College in 1517, (his kinsman ,
Mr. Henry Savile, being then warden,) and was soon after made
one of the portionists, commonly called postmasters. After he had
taken the degree of B. A. he left Merton College, and retired to
St. Alban HaU, where, in 1595, he took the degree of M. A.
Being all this time under the inspection of his kinsman, he became
an eminent scholar, especially in the mathematics, physic, (in which
faculty he was admitted by the university to practise,) chemistry,
painting, heraldry, and antiquities. Afterwards, for the completing
of his knowledge, he travelled into Italy, France, and Germany,
where he greatly improved himself. He wrote several things, but,
I think, committed nothing to the press. He gave Camden the
ancient exemplar of Asser Menevensis, which he published in 1602,
and which contains the story of the discord between the new scholars
which Grimbald brought with him to Oxford, at the restoration of
the university by king Alfred, with the old clerks which Grimbald
found there. This Henry Savile lived for some years, after his
return from foreign countries, in the parish of St. Martin in the
Fields, near London, and died there April 29th, 1617, aged forty
nine years, and was buried in the chancel belonging to the parish
church there, a monument being set over his grave on the north
wall, with his bust to the middle, carved in stone, and painted, the
right hand resting on a book, and the left on a death's head. The
inscription worn out.

One Henry Savile, Esq. was captain of the adventure under
sir Francis Drake and sir John Hawkins, against the Spaniards in
the West Indies, and wrote a book called, " a libel of Spanish lies
found at the sack of Cales, discoursing the fight in the West Indies
between the English and the Spaniard, and of the death of sir Francis
Drake ; with an answer, confuting the said Spanish lies, &c."
London, 1596. This was an answer to a letter wrote by the Spanish
general, asserting that sir Francis Drake died of grief, because he



BIOGRAPHY. 287

liad lost so many barks and men, and that the English fleet tied
from the Spaniards in 1695. This captain Savile is supposed to
have been a relation of the above.

In queen Elizabeth's time, three Henry Saviles, of Yorkshire,
were matriculated as members of Merton College, Oxford, viz. one,
son of Plebeian, in 1588, another, son of an Esquire, in 1593, and
a third, son of an Esquire, in 1595.

TiLLOTSON, John, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, was born in
1630, atHaugh End in Sowerby, in this parish, being the son of
Robert Tillotson, a clothier. His father, who was a strict Calvinist,
brought up his son in the same principles, and after a proper pre-
paratory education sent him a pensioner to Clare hall, Cambridge,
where he took both the degrees in arts, and was elected a fellow in
1651. Some time afterwards he became tutor and chaplain in the
family of Prideaux, the attorney general to the protector, Cromwell.
It is not known when he entered into orders, but his first sermon
which appeared in print is dated September 1 661, at which time he
was still among the presbyterians. When the act of uniformity
passed in the following year, he however submitted to it without
hesitation, and became curate to Dr. Hacket, vicar of Cheshunt,
in Hertfordshire: and was presented in 1663 to the rectory of Ked-
dington, in the county of Suffolk, which he resigned on being chosen
preacher to the society of Lincoln's inn. In 1664 he married Eliza-
beth, daughter to Dr. French, and niece to Oliver Cromwell, whose
sister Robina was her mother. In 1666 he took the degree of D.D.
and was made king's chaplain, and presented to a prebend of Can-
terbury. When Charles ii. in 1672 issued a declaration for liberty
of conscience, for the purpose of favouring the Roman Catholics, he
preached and counselled against it ; but was nevertheless advanced
to the deanery of Canterbury, and soon after presented to a prebend
in the church of St. Paul. At the revolution, he' was immediately
taken into favour by king William ; and in 1689 he was appointed
clerk of the closet to that sovereign, and subsequently permitted to
exchange the deanery of Canterbury for that of St. Paul's. On the
refusal of archbishop Sancroft to take the oaths to the new govern-
ment, he was appointed to exercise the archiepiscopal jurisdiction
during the suspension of that prelate ; and in 1691, after exhibitin.-



•28B BIOGRAPHY.

the greatest reluctance, he was induced to accept the archbishoi^ric
itself.

Popery was so much the object of his dread and aversion, that
in a sermon preached before the king in 1680, he was betrayed into
sentiments of intolerance, which exposed him to heavy censure,
implying that no man, unless divinely commissioned, and who, like
the apostles, can justify that commission by miracles, is entitled to
draAV men away from an established religion, even although false.
Several animadversions were made upon this extraordinary doctrine,
which assailed the authors of the reformation itself; but the doctor
made no open reply to them, although he privately acknowledged to
his friends that he had hastily expressed himself in terms which
could not be maintained. He warmly promoted the exclusion bill
against the duke of York, and refused to sign the address of the
London clergy to the king on his declaration that he would not
consent to it. At the execution of lord William Russell he attended



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 26 of 52)