Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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ascend, is thus mentioned: "By this underwritten yow may gather
the great encrease of howsinge and people within the towne of
Halifax in not many years by paste, written by John Waterhowse.
of Shipden, and some time lorde of the mannor of Halifax.

"Note, there is in Halifax this yeare 1566, of housholders that
keepes fires and answers Mr. vicar in his fermours of dutyes as
housholders 20 and six score and noe more (as I am crediblye
enformed;) and in the time of John Waterhouse, late of Halifax,
deceased, who dyed at Candlemas, 26 yeares agoe, att his deathe
beinge very neare 100 yeares of age (I trow three yeares under,) and
when he was but a childe there were but in Halifax in alll 3 bowses."

From this it would appear that there were in Halifax, about the
year 1443, when Mr. Waterhouse was born, thirteen families;
these in about 123 years (1566) had increased to 520. "In the year
1738 (says Mr. Wright) there were above 1.100 families in the
town and yet kept daily increasing ;" and in the year 1763, as will
appear from the following table, they had increased to 1272 families,
"and were then, says Watson, increasing more than ever, owing
to the flourishing state of their trade."

We have no evidence to shew what might be the state of the
population in all the out- townships, at an early period of our history.



POPULATION. 311

but some inference may be drawn even as far back as the olden
time when "Robeit, earl of Huntingdon," ranged the forest of
Sowerbyshire.

"Nea arcir vir as him sa geud
An pipl kauld him Kobin Heud ;
Sic utlauz az he, an iz men,
Vil Inglonde nivr si agen.''

At least so says his epitaph. Tradition says, his remains lie under
an ancient cross at Kirklees, where he died in 1274.

Now about this time, but unquestionably within thirteen years
after, is there positive proof, that the churches of Elland and Hep-
tonstall were both built, (a church had been erected in Halifax
upwards of 130 years,) the families, therefore, in these parts of our
out-townships, must have been on the increase. By an inquest taken
1284, it appears that Rastrick was then rated at 13s., and contained
six freemen, the rest were "native tenantes, villaines, or bonds-
men." According to another extent, there were in Fixby in the year
1314, only five houses that had fires. In the certificate of the
archbishop of York and others, 2 Ed. vi. (1548) concerning chantries,
&c. it is said, that "in the parrysh of Hallifaxe the nomber of
houslyng people is eight thousand five hundred, and is a great wide
parrysh." And during the rebellion in the north, when every pro-
testant, who could cany arms, was zealous to shew his attachment
to his religion and the queen, archbishop Gryndall says, in a letter
to queen Elizabeth, that the parish of Halifax was ready to bring
three or four thousand able men into the field. And it appears from
Camden, who was in these parts about the year 1574, and who
then described the wild and mountainous districts of our parish to
be "solum sterile, in quo non modo commode vivi, sed vix vivi possit ;"
that the number of inhabitants was then about 12.000 men.

The whole number of families in the following tables, taken
from the vicar's Easter books in the year 1764, is 8244, and if we
allow but five to a family, the amount will be 41.220; an amazing
increase, if Camden's information was any thing near the truth.



312



POPULATION.



The number of Houses and Families in the Parish of Halifax,

IN the years 1763 AND 1764.



In Halifax Division, 1764. I Heptonstall Division, 1764. 1


Halifax


HOUSES

1312


EMPTY

40


FAMI-,|
LIES 1

1272 Erringden ..'


HOUSES

183


EMPTY

6


FAMI-
LIES.

177


Hlpperholme..


367


15


352' Heptonstall . .


367


15


352


Midgley ....


224


7


217


Langfield ....


139


2


137


Owram North


660


30


630


Stansfield








South


466


18


448


upper third


129


3


126


Ovenden ....


616


19


597


Stansfield








Shelf


186


6


180


1 middle third


207


4


203


Skircoat ....


263


12


251


Stansfield








Sov^^erby ....


618


31


5871! lower third


140


5


135


Warley


503


16


487


Wadsworth . .

1
i


396


8


388


5215


194


5021


1561


43


1518



In Elland Division, 1763.


Barkisland

Brighouse

Elland

Fixby

Greetland

Norland

Old Linley

Rastrick

Rishworth

Soyland

Stainland


HOUSES

267

77

262

56

122

195

42

186

131

264

201


EMPTY

17

3
23

2

6
17

2
11

2

9

6


FAMILIES

250

74

239

54

116

178

40

175

129

255

195


1803


98


1705



-^



I ALII



riTul

)F :" '



312



POPULATION.



The number of Houses and Families in the Parish of Halifax,
IN the years 1763 and 1764.



In Halifax Division, 1764.


Heptonstall Division, 1764. |


Halifax


HOUSES

1312


EMPTY

40


FAMI-
LIES

1272


Erringden . . '


HOUSES

■ 183


EMPTY

6


FAMI-
LIES.

177


Hipperholme..


367


15


352


Heptonstall . .


367


15


352


Midgley ....


224


7


217


Langfield ....


139


2


137


Owram North


660


30


630


Stansfield








South


466


18


448


upper third 129


3


126


Ovenden ....


616


19


597


Stansfield






Shelf


186


6


180


i middle third^ 207


4


203


Skircoat ....


263


12


251


Stansfield








Sowerby ....


618


31


587


lower third 140


5


135


Warley


503


16


487


Wadsworth . .

1


396


8


388


5215


194


5021


1561


43


1518



In Elland Division, 1763.


Barkisland

Brighouse

Elland

Fixby

Greetland

Norland

Old Linley

Rastrick

Rishworth

Soyland

Stainland


HOUSES

267

77

262

56

122

195

42

186

131

264

201


EMPTY

17

3

23

2

6
17
2
11
2
9
6


FAMILIES

250

74
239

54
116
178

40
175
129
255
195


1803


98


1705



POPULATION OF THE PARISH OF HALIFAX, 1831.

ABSTRACT OF THE ANSWERS AND RETURNS MADE PURSUANT TO AN ACT, 11th GEO. IV. INTITULED "AN ACT FOR TAKING AN ACCOUNT OF THE POPULATION OF
GREAT BRITAIN, AND OF THE INCREASE OR DIMINUTION THEREOF :" SO FAR AS THE SAME RELATES TO THE PARISH OF HALIFAX.



TOWNSHIPS.



PARISH OF H.4LIFAX.



BarMsland township

Elland with Greetland chapelry

Erringden chapelry |

Fisby township |,

Halifax township j

Heptonstall chapelry |j

Hipperholme with Brighouse tp.

Langfield township

Midgley township

Norland township

Ovenden township

Owram North township

Owram South township

Rastrick chapelry

Rishworth township

Shelf township

Skircoat township

Sowerby chapelry

Soyland township

Stainland township

Stansfield township

Wadsworth township

Warley township



English
Statute
Acres.



2,420
3,.360
2,980
S90
990
5,320
2,550
2,620
2,110
1,140
5,170
3,400
2,280
1,290
6,190
1,350
1,340
3,670
4,960
1,730
5,920
10,080



422

1,077

324

72

3,244

924

960

455

449

308

1,733

2,006

1,112

608

253

494

808

1,195

641

560

1,445

995

1,070



1,086

327

72

3,330

954

987

469

495

314

1,832

2,035

1,125

630

258

494

832

1,205

646

584

1,609

1,024

1,105



75,740 21155 21879 143 1841 ,1463 15984



OCCUPATIONS.






mi



374
687
175
33

2125
878
464
419
199
198

1726

1730
746
514
191
302
702
975
589
168

1190
808
791






350

74

14

1175

12

442
18

198
95
46

207

336
45
24

168
96

123
54

391

217
47

218



1,150

2,702
960
169
7,178
2,288
2,391
1,229
1,185
796
4,468
5,090
2,834
1,499
779
1,319
1,967
3,264
1,791
1,495
4,089
2,624
2,825



1,142

2,798
973
179
8,204
2,373
2,586
1,285
1,224
822
4,403
5,094
2,917
1,522
757
1,295
2,093
3,193
1,798
1,542
4,173
2,574
2,860



2,292

.^,500

1,933

348

15,382
4,661
4,977
2,514
2,409
1,618
8,871

10,184
5,751
3,021
1,536
2,614
4,060
6,457
3,589
3,037
8,262
5,198
5,685



55,807 109,899 24,718



20 years of
Age.



556

1,217

446

84

3,589

1,028

1,154

568

579

350

2,019

2,265

1,241

696

347

587

915

1,436

771

644

1,798

1,206

1,222



AGRICULTURE.



209 1363



225

401

264

35

714

749

313

246

29

179

1,311

1,280

357

307

203

295

405

910

486

54

1,036

701

676



138

250

6

14

1,856

176

351

154

90

48

279

450

332

159

47

59

216

175

141

103

260

181

220



5,705



624 3963 958 i 157 I 26



MALE
SERVANTS.'



10
54
10

7
522
22
90
24
19

7
34
91
38
20
12

7
67
43
28
22
32
16
38



The entire Parish of Halifax contains 109,899 Inhabitants, and 75,740 Acres. Upwards of 1,200 men are employed in Quarries and Coal Mines in this Parish ; and of the
labourers not agricultural, in the township of Southowram, 237 are delvers.



31S
Thi



Ha]
Hil
Mi(
Ow

Ov(

She
Ski
Sot
Wa



POPULATION.



313



The following documents have been abstracted from Parlia-
mentary papers.

A COMPARATIVE AcCOUNT OF THE POPULATION OF THE PaRISH OF

Halifax, in the years 1801, 1811, 1821, 1831 ; with the

annual value OF THE REAL PROPERTY IN THE YeAR 1815.



Annual va-
lue of the
real proper
ty as asses-
sed April,
1815.



POPULATION.



1801. 1 1811. 1821. 1831



Barkisland

Elland with Greetland

Erringden

Fixby

Halifax

Heptonstall

Hipperholme with Brighouse

Langfield

Midgley

Norland

Ovenden

Owram North

Owram South

Rastrick

Rishworth

Shelf

Skircoat

Sowerby

Soyland

Stainland

Stansfield

Wadsworth

Warley



i 2819

7461

2532

1834

38337

4439

7482

2361

2287

2883

7674

9427

8853

4151

2058

2654

5661

6763

4757

3155

7639

4425

622



1799
3385
1313

346
8886
2983
2879
1170
1209
1181
4513
4887
3148
2053

960
1306
2338
4275
1888
1800
4763
2801
3543



2076
3963
1586
336
9159
3647
3357
1515
2107
1316
4752
5306
3615
2442
1211
1553
2823
5177
2519
2077
5447
3473
3958



2224
5088
1471
345
12628
4543
3936
2069
2207
1665
6360
6841
4256
2796
1588
1998
3323
6S90
3242
2814
7275
4509
4982



2292
5500
1933
348
15382
4661
4977
2514
2409
1618
8871
10184
5751
3021
1536
2614
4060
6457
3589
3037
8262
5198
5685



314



POPULATION.





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POPULATION. 315

PARISH REGISTER BOOKS.

Earlier than the new Registers, commencing with a. d. I8l3, ac-
cording to 52 Geo. iii, c. 146, remain at the following churches and
chapels within the parish.

SAINT Ann's or brier's.
One book containing baptisms, a. d. 1800 — 1812. Entered in the
registers prior to 1 800. No burials or marriages.

COLEY.

Included in the registers at Halifax, prior to 1813.

CROSSTONE.

Nos. I— III. Bap. Bur. 1678—1812.

elland with greetland.
Nos. I— V. Bap. Bur. 1559, 1589, 1640, 1764. Marr. 1559, 1589,
1 640, 1 753 ; containing also the registers of Ripponden, Rastrick,
Sowerby-bridge, and Norland. Nos. IV — VII. Bap. Bur. inclu-
ding Rastrick and Norland, 1765, 1812. Nos. VIII— XII. Marr.
1754—1812.

erringden. saint John's.
No registers prior to 1821.

HALIFAX, (parish CHURCH.)

Nos. I— VIII. Bap. Bur. 1538—1756; Marr. 1538—1753. Nos.
IX — X. Bap. Bur. 1757 — 1812, including the registers of all the
Townships in the Parish, except Elland and Heptonstall. Nos.
XI— XXIII. Marr. 1754—1812.

HEPTONSTALL.

Nos. I— IV. Bap. 1592, 1685, 1688, 1786: Bur. 1593, 1685,
1688, 1786: Marr. 1593, 1685, 1687, 1753. Nos. V. VI. Bap.
Bur. 1787— 1812. Nos. VIII— XII. Marr. 1 754— 1 812.

ILLINGWORTH.

No. III. Bap. Bur.



Nos. I


. II.


Bap.


Bur.


Marr.


1695-


-1780.


1781-


-1812




















LIGHTCLIFFE




Nos. I


—III.


Bar


). Bur


. Marr.


1704-


-1812.



LUDDENDEN.

One register, 1653 — 1812. Very imperfect until 1738.

RASTRICK.

No. I. Parchment. Baji, 1719—1759. No. II. Bap. Bur. 1798-



316 POPULATION.

1812. Registers partly included in Elland with Greetland.

SOWERBY.

Nos. I— VI. Bap. 1668— 1812. Bur. 1643— 1812.

SOWERBY-BRIDGE.

Nos. I. II. Bap. 1709—1802 ; Marr. 1732—1751. No. III. Bap.
1803 — 1812. No marriages solemnized since 1751. No burials
until 1821.

THORNTON. (HALIFAX P.)

Nos. I— VI. Registers 1678, 1718, 1720, 1812.

TRINITY CHURCH, C.

Burials only, and entered in the parochial registers of Halifax.

SAINT James's church.
Baptisms and Burials, are entered in the parochial registers of
Halifax.

The above is taken from a Parliamentary Paper in the year 1831
although with regard to its correctness I am rather sceptical. The
parochial Registers of Halifax are, much to the credit of those in
whose custody they have from time to time been placed, in an ex-
cellent state of preservation.



PAROCHIAL GOVERNMENT



The whole Parish, in regard to its ecclesiastical purposes, being
divided into three districts ; viz. the Parish of Halifax ; the paro-
chial chapclry of EUand ; and the parochial chapelry of Heptonstall ;
I shall notice them in the same order, not only because such an
arrangement is more methodical than that adopted by Mr. Watson ;
but also because much that relates to the township of Halifax
applies to many of the other townships, and will render the work
free from that verbiage which is too often connected with topogra-
l^hical detail.



THE PAROCHIAL DISTRICT OF HALIFAX*

Is the first or principal division of the parish, and consists of
the township of Halifax, (wherein the mother church of the whole
parish stands,) and nine other townships, technically called out-
townships ; here placed according to their estimated importance in
parochial matters, viz.

SOWERBY HIPPERHOLME-CUM-
NORTHOWRAM BRIGHOUSE

WARLEY MIDGLEY

OVENDEN SKIRCOAT

SOUTHOWRAM SHELF



• Notwithstanding I liavi> llio sanolionof immonuirial u^a;;.' lor ilenoniinating the prin-
cipal division of the parish— "The Parish of Hahfax;" I prefor adopting the term "Paro-
i-hial district of Hahfax." for my present purpose, as being more distinctive, and not
liable to misconstruction,



318 PAROCHIAL GOVERNMENT.

Of these out-townshlps six are chapelries, viz.

SOWERBY SOUTHOWRAM

WARLEY HIPPERHOLME

OVENDEN MIDGLEY

and maintain their own chapels of ease, of which there are eight, by-
rates unconnected with the parochial or district rate.

All of them are immediately dependant on the parish church,
they contribute to its support and repair, and to the accustomed or-
dinary expenses attendant upon the performance of divine worship,
in certain proportions according to the estimated importance of each
township ; and in legal consideration, are governed by the same
principles as apply to a parish not subdivided into townships, and
having one church only. They have each pews in the North gallery
of the church, appropriated to their respective inhabitants, with the
name of the township to which they belong painted in the front of
them : (consequently the means of attending divine service at
pleasure.)

Since the year 1780, each township has received its proportion
of the money given by the communicants at the church, for the
use of its poor ; prior to which time the wardens of Halifax dis-
tributed the whole of it to the poor of their own township.

The expences of the visitations for the Halifax wardens, and the
ministers connected with the parish church, were formerly defrayed
by the district ; but the custom was departed from in the year
1 760 ; and these expences are now paid by the Halifax wardens.

In regard to parochial affairs, tlie custom of electing church-
wardens in the out-townships, Mr. Watson states to be this : —
"The vicar of the parish, as such, has a little before Easter, two
names sent in from each of the seven chapels dependant on his
church ; and he takes which he pleases for warden, and publishes
them, together with the churchwardens for Halifax, at Easter in
Halifax church." If such was once the custom, it is now not used,
and each township elects its own warden ; the publication of the
names of the out-wardens in the church was discontinued some five
or six years ago. The custom, with regard to the election of war-
dens for Halifax township is clear : the vicar elects one, and the



PAROCHIAL GOVERNMENT. 319

rate-payers the other, as will be seen from the following document,
extracted from the parish books.

" Whereas great disputes and differences have already happened
between the present vicar of Halifax, in the county of York, doctor
of Laws, and the inhabitants of the same place for the time being,
touching the right and method of nominating and chusing new
churchwardens, to succeed the old ones going out from year to year.
And Whereas, to determine the same, many vexatious law-suits
might ensue. Wherefore, to prevent the same, and that no disputes
might hereafter arise between the said vicar of Halifax and the in-
habitants of the said town concerning such nomination and choice
as aforesaid, and that the method hereafter mentioned shall and
may be a standing and constant rule of nomination and choice
amongst them for the time to come : Be it known unto all men,
that from this day forward public notice shall be given, by the
parish clerk of Halifax aforesaid, on every Palm Sunday in the after-
noon, immediately after divine service there, that a vestry meetino-
is thereby intended and will be had on Thursday in the afternoon
then next following in every year, between the hours of four and
five, for the vicar or his representative, and the inhabitants of the
aforesaid town, then and there to meet and name two persons out
of the whole number of the said inhabitants of the aforesaid town,
who have not been in that office before, so long as a sufficient num-
ber of such persons shall remain, to serve as churchwardens for the
ensuing year. And if the said vicar, or his representative, and a
majority of the said inhabitants then present at such vestry, cannot
agree in the choice of two : then that the said inhabitants, or such
a majority as aforesaid shall be at liberty at that time, without the
said vicar, to name one who shall serve for the ensuing year ; and
that the said vicar shall at the same time if present, if not at any
other time on or before Thursday in Easter week then next follow-
ing, name the other churchwarden to serve for the same year ;
both whose names shall immediately afterwards be returned by the
old churchwardens to the parish clerk, to be published the then next
Sabbath day , which said notice shall signifie who the new church-
wardens are, that must succeed for the ensuing year, and by whom
each of them were respectively named, in order that from thence-
forth no more disputes may arise concerning the custom of the



320 PAROCHIAL GOVERNMENT.

aforesaid place ; but that the eighty-ninth Canon for that purpose
shall be to them their guide. Witness our hands, this eighth day
of September, in the year of our Lord, 1 743.

GEORGE LEGH, LL D. Vicar of Halifax.

JAS. ALDERSON, ROBT, BUTTERFXELD,"]

VAL. STEAD JOHN CAYGILL, JUNR 1 t 1 i -4- *.

> Inhabitants.

JAMES WETHERHEAD JOHN BALDWIN f

E. WINN J

It appears to have been the constant usage, whereof there is no
evidence to the contrary in our parochial books (until within the
last few years,) for the wardens of the out-tovmships to meet and
consult with the churchwardens of Halifax, for the government of
the parish church affairs, on the first "Wednesday in every month,
and on Easter Monday in every year, to pass the parish accounts
and pay their respective quotas. At these meetings.it was the under-
stood practice, that the Halifax wardens could not expend above
40s. for repairs, &c. of the church, without a majority of the out-
wardens agreeing thereto. The accounts were passed without
calling any vestry meetings to examine the same ; neither was any
parish meeting called to lay a rate ; but each township laid its own
rate for its proportion of the money that was expended.

This mode of transacting business was not only highly irregular,
and open to much abuse; but its legality was very questionable.
The votes of the out-township wardens would always preponderate,
and might be expected to be opposed to any disbursements however
necessary, for which they did not obtain some corresponding benefit.
The "expences of monthly meetings" formed a very considerable,
and certainly a very objectionable, item in these accounts.

This custom prevailed until the commencement of legal parochial
vestries in the year 1 825. In this year the township of Northowram
refused to pay its proportion of the accustomed charges ; in conse-
quence whereof they fell upon the township of Halifax to pay, and
the churchwardens, finding that they had no remedy for their wrong
against the township of Northowram, for the first time called a
vestry meeting of the whole parishioners liable to be rated, to
examine their accounts, and lay a rate for the then current year,
according to an estimate laid before the meetins:. A similar course



PAROCHIAL GOVERNMENT. 321

was adopted in January, J 826, and this mode of calling vestry
meetings has ever since been acted upon ; at every such meetino-
each item in the accounts has been read over to the parishioners in
the vestry, and at all times the parish accounts have been open for
the inspection of the rate-payers ; thus leaving the out-wardens



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 29 of 52)