Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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The little that is related of the builder is, however, amply sup-
ported by the present appearance of the building. It is apparent
that only a few of the interior apartments were fitted up contempo-
raneously with their erection, and of these only one retains as much
of its pristine appearance as the ravages of time and the brush of the
painter would allow. The pannelling on the walls, though covered
with paint, are evidently of oak ; and, within a projecting carved
frame forming part of the decorations over the antique fire-place,
there is a portrait, which tradition assigns to be that of the builder.
This, to say the least, is extremely doubtful, the dress, and the
trinkets displayed about his person, would better seem a hunter of
an earlier date than the 1 7th century. In one hand there is a short
hunting spear, and the other holds a hound in a leash.

That the builder was attached to the pleasures of the chase,
may be inferred from the rude sculpture over the principal entrance,
representing a fox pursued by dogs ; and also by the fact that an
adjoining building is to this day called "The dog-kennel."

Perhaps, after all, this tradition must be condemned to herd
amongst the puerile stories that make the number of windows in
this hall parallel the days, and its rooms equal to the number of
weeks in the year.

On the top of the two fronts. East and North, there formerly
was a battlement with stone globes at intervals, but this was taken
down a few years since, when the hall was divided into cottages.
Mr. Horner has also a faithful drawing of this building.

Adjoining the hall, and doubtless contemporaneous with it, are
two sycamores, probably the largest in the parish.



TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM



This township, in opposition to North Owram, is the village on
the south bank. It is separated from Halifax by the Hebble, and
bounded on the West by Hipperholme-cum-Brighouse, and on the
South by Elland. It contains an area of 2280 statute acres.

It is mentioned in Domesday book as the Terra Ilberta de Lacy,
and is thus surveyed : "In Overe habuit Gamel tres carucatas terre
ad geldam ubi duo caruce possunt esse. Ilbertus habet et wast, est
T. R, E. val. XX solid, silva pastura tres quarentenas longitudine et
tres latitudine." From this it would appear that one Gamel was
lord of the territory prior to the conquest ; but that at the time of
William I. it belonged to Ilbert de Lacy as part of his honor of
Pontefract.

"The oldest deed, (says Watson) which I have seen relating
to this subject, is in 1293, whereby Hugh de Elland, knight, gave
to John de Lascye, and Margaret his wife, daughter of the said
Hugh, and heirs of the said Margaret, all his land in Southowram,
with his tenants, and their services, except the manor of Elland,
and the service of the tenants of Eckisley and pasture in Stony-
bancke, for 26s. rent, and suit to mill. John Fige granted to
Robert de Winhill Copeyhird, in Southowram, near Gobryllyherd
on the east, and Halifax broke on the west, 1747. Another deed
in 1778, describes Gobryllherd, (or Gobrylyerd) to lie on the east
side of Halifax broke, between the way which leads from Halifax
church towards Southowram and the way which leads from the said
church towards Hipperum." These are only mentioned by Watson,
as deeds of some antiquity. 24 Edward I. John de Eland was found
by Kirby's inquest, to be lord of Owram. John, son of Thomas de
Lacy was lord of this manor, 28 Edward III. as by deed, and in this
family it continued till 1 6 James I. when Thomas Lacv, of Cromwel-



368 TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM,

bottom, sold the full moiety or half part thereof to one Thomas
Whitley. Thomas Whitley his majesty's ward, son and heir of
Thomas Whitley, deceased, was lord 11 Charles I. Tliomas Whit-
ley, of Bradford, grandchild and heir of Thomas Whitley, of Cinder-
hills, gent, was lord of the moiety of this lordship, and let the same
to farm to one Timothy Thorpe, and Mary his wife, in 1654, for
ninety-nine years, at the yearly rent of £3 6s. 8d. Thomas Whitley,
by will, dated Nov. 5th, 1657, gave this moiety to his son Thomas
who died an infant, on which it came for want of issue of the testator,
to John Thorpe and Timothy Thorpe. John survived Timothy, and
left a son Timothy, grandson and heir to Mary Thorpe. Timothy died
without issue. John and Timothy Thorpe, his brother, were bre-
thren by the half-blood to Thomas Whitley, of Cinder-hills. Timo-
thy Thorpe, of St. Dunstan's in the east, London, gent., son and
heir of John Thorpe, late of Cinderhills, in Hipperholme, gent,
sold to William Horton, of Barkisland, Esq. this moiety, June 27
1711. His son, William Horton, Esq. of Coley, ordered it by will
to be sold, and Robert AUenson, of Royd, in Soyland, merchant,
bought it of his widow, in 1741, and sold it again to Mr. William
Greame, of Heath, in Skircoat. From this family it afterwards
passed by marriage to the Ingrams, and subsequently by purchase
to Messrs. Holdsworth and Hall, from whom it was purchased in
1814 by Christopher Rawson, Esq. of Halifax, its present possessor.

It also appears, that Robert Lawe was joint lord of the manor
of South Owram, 18 James I, with Thomas Whitley; and Toby
Lawe died possessed of a moietj'- of this manor, as appears by his
will, dated Jan. 6, 1652. Jonathan Maud, of Halifax, M. D.
married Mary, the widow of Toby Lawe, and as appears by deed,
dated March 25, 1654, levied a fine, "sur conusance de droit come
ceo," to enable him and his heirs, in case the said Mary should die,
to hold the estate left by the said Toby, by survivorship. In 1704,
John Maud and Jonathan Maud, brothers, both of Halifax, sold
their moiety of this lordship to William Horton, Esq. of Barkisland ;
who by his purchase afterwards, in 1711, became possessed of the
whole. The manor of South Owram was held under the honor of
Pontefract, by the hundredth part of a knight's fee.

Within and parcel of the manor of South Owram, is a reputed
manor called Cromwellbottom, lield of the honor of Pontefract, in



TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM. 369

free and common soccage, by fealty only, for all services ; the first
mention of which is 30 Edward I. when John Lacy of Cromwellbot-
tom, and Margaret his wife, passed a fine of the manor of Cromwell-
bottom to the heirs of the said John ; this was in consequence of
the above grant of Sir Hugh de Eland. 3 Edward II, Margaret,
widow of this John Lacy, covenanted with Richard de Tonge, that
Thomas, her younger son, should marry Margaret, daughter of the
said Richard ; the mother to maintain them and their issue during
life, or allow them six marks per annum out of the manor of Crom-
wellbottom. 27 Edward III. John, son of Thomas de Lascy, granted
this manor to certain trustees, but the deed to declare the uses is
probably lost. William de Mirfield also granted the same to other
trustees, 41 Edward III. Oliver Wodroue quit-claimed to Richard
Lascy of Cromwellbottom, his right in this manor, 4 Hen. V.
John Lacy of Cromwellbottom, 14 Edward IV. enfeoffed certain
trustees in this manor, with intent that it should descend to his son
Thomas, on condition that he suffered his mother to enjoy her dower
without molestation.

The words of the deed were these : —

" The entent of yis my present feoffement is this, that if Thomas
Lacy or his heirs, or any oyther for hym or by hym, aftir the
decesse of me the sayd John Lacy, vexe, troble, and wolle not
suffre my wyfe pecibly to occupye her dower belongyng unto her
aftir my decesse, or Richard Lacy or Gilbert Lacy my sons, or any
oyther person or persons of or in such landes and tenementes, with
yair appurt. or of any parcelle yrof, as well copyehald as freehald,
gyfen by me unto yam, or any of yam, acordyng to such dedes,
estates, and feoffement, and surrenders, made by me unto them,
yen my sayd feoffes shal safe yam herelesse, an defende yam so
vexed or trobled with the sayd manor of Cromwellebothom with
yapptenanccs, and if yai be not of power to defend yam, yen my
sayd feoffes to make such estates and feoffments yrof over by yair
discrecion as shal be thoght necessarie for ye same intente ; and if
ye sayd Thomas or his heirs wolle suffre, perfourme, and fulfiUe
myne entent afore rehersed, yen I wolle yat my sayd feoffes make
such estate of ye sayd manor with yapptenanccs unto ye sayd
Thomas and his heirs as myne auncestres hafe hade yrin afore-
tyme."



370 TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM.

2J Edward IV. Gilbert Lacy, Esq. and Joan his wife, conveyed
(inter alia) their manor of Overcrumwellbothom to Richard Symmys,
vicar of Halifax, and others in trust, for what purpose uncertain.
21 Hen. VII. John Lacy was lord of this manor. 16 James I.
Thomas Lacy, of Cromwellhottom, sold it to Thomas Whitley
above-named, and it afterwards passed through the same hands as
the first moiety of the lordship of SouthowTam above-mentioned,
till it was purchased by the late William Greame, esq.

It remains to be enquired how Timothy Thoi-pe could sell a
moiety of South Owram and CromweUbottom to William Horton,
in 1711, and John Maud and Jonathan Maud sell a moiety of the
lordship of South Owram to the same in 1 704, when it appears,
from authentic evidences, that Michael Firth of Height, in Barkis-
land, who bought the same of John Thorpe, of Cinderhills, for
^£927 16s. in the reign of Charles II. sold the moiety of the manor
of CromweUbottom. and half the lordship of South Owram, to Wil-
liam Horton, of Barkisland, in 1685, for £941.

It does not appear that any courts were ever held for the manor
of CromweUbottom, but that the owners of lands within such manor,
or reputed manor, have constantly done suit and service to the
manor of Southowram ; and that ways and other things within
CromweUbottom, have been presented at the court held for the
manor of South Owram. There was a court baron of Jonathan Maud
and William Horton, in 1 686. Another of WiUiam Horton in 1 689.
Others of the same WiUiam, in 1691, 1705, and 1723. Another of
the same William, held at Brookfoot, June 15, 1726. Another at
the same place in 1728 ; another in 1729. There was also a court
baron of Toby Lawe and Thomas Whitley, in 1633. Also, South
Owram cum membris, a court baron of Jonathan Maud, m. D. and
Thomas Whitley, 1657. Another of Jonathan Maud, Esq. m. d.
and John Thorpe, gent. 1675 ; and another of the same in 1 68 1 .

This township is celebrated for its remarkably fine productive
quarries of stone and slate ; large quantities whereof are sent to the
Metropolis where it is in great request, and also to aU parts of the
kingdom. Much of it is also shipped to the Continent and America.
The navigation which passes through the lower part of the town-
ship affords every facility for its transmission to the out-ports.
There are also several beds of good coal.



TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM. 371

ST. Ann's chapel.
There has long been a chapel in Southowram, dedicated as
above. It is also distinguished by the appellations of the Chapel in
the Grove, and "the chapel in the Briers" or Breers. Camden says
"There is a certain chappel in the village of South Owram, belong-
ing to this vicarage, anciently appertaining to the family of Crom-
blebottom of Cromblebottom and lords of the town, whereof after-
wards the heirs male failing the heiress married to one of the family
of Lacies, earl of Lincoln, hence was it sometimes called Lacies'
chapel, as appeareth from an original deed of five hundred years old."

In the second volume of Halifax register is an extract from an
inquisition, by which it was found, from a deed, bearing date the
21st of February, 21 Hen. VIII. that John Lacy, of Cromwell-
bottom, Esq. then living, and his neighbours, did build this chapel
of St. Ann's ; if so, it must have been erected before the year 1530.
There is a tradition, that it is a place of great antiquity ; probably
therefore, the chapel might at that time have been rebuilt ; but of
this there is no evidence. The building is very inconveniently si-
tuated for the neighbourhood, being at a distance from the village
of Southowram ; but this, in all probability, was done by the
owners of Cromwellbottom, who consulted in some measure their
own ease and emolument.

At Howroyd is a deed by which John Lacy, of Cromwellbottom,
mortgaged to Robert Lawe, of Halifax, for five marks, all that
house or building commonly called the chapel, and used for a chapel
in the township of Southowram, 2nd James I.

This was the grandson of John Lacy who built it, and the same
who, about seven years after, sold Cromwellbottom itself, and
several other estates. It seems, says Watson, from this mortgage,
" that the chapel had not been consecrated, nor have I ever seen
when it was."

The present chapel was erected and consecrated in 1819 : the
living is valued in the parliamentary return at £123 per annum.
There is a parsonage house attached. The following augmentations
have been granted to this living by the governors of the bounty of
Queen Anne. 1720 — £200 to meet a benefaction of £200. 175G
— £200 by lot, and in 1797 another £200 by lot out of the royal
bounty. 1811— £1400 by lot, and in 1812 and 1823 two sums of



372 TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM.

£200 by lot ; and in 1 824, a sum of £300, to meet a benefaction of
it'200 from the Rev. John Hope, the present respected incumbent.
The places noticed by Watson in this township are —



Corrupted from Ashdale, which was for a considerable time the
property, and place of residence, of the Holdsworths, one of
whom was vicar of Halifax.

Backhall, where lived a family of the name of Hanson.

BLAIDROYD, OR BLATHROID,

"Which is at present a farm house of no great appearance : there
is a tradition that certain papists, inhabitants of Halifax, not being
allowed to exercise their religion in the town, or dreading a per-
secution if they staid longer there, retired hither, and had the pre-
sent barn for their place of worship, about 1572, in the reign of
Queen Elizabeth, as that date is on the building. This barn is
called the Ne<v-Hall, and was larger and chambered; the places
where the timber belonging to the floors was fastened being visible,
and even part of the plaster in the upper rooms remaining when
Watson saw it in 1759, The windows might then be seen, and
there was a fire place on the north side, which was pulled down in
1756. There was in the house, in stained glass, in a window, a
sick man in bed with his arms crossed, and a man with crutches and
beads, as if paying a visit to the sick man, having compassion finely
expressed in his face. Near the house was a large cave or hollow,
made in the side of the hill, but in Watson's time the mouth of it
was choked up with a great quantity of large stones. A little dis-
tant from the house was also some ground in the delf-brow, called
the Burying-place.

The name of this place seems to be derived from the Anglo-
Saxon BlseS, the blade of herbs, and by synecdoche the herb itself ;
and royd, or land which has not been plowed ; unless it may be
thought to come from the British Blaidh, a wolf. It is sometimes
called the Bank, and was the seat of a branch of the family of
Savile, whose pedigree is referred to by Watson.

It is a very ancient situation, for Watson says, he had the copy
of a deed, dated 10 Hen. IV., by Avhich Thomas Lacy del Mere,



TOWNSHIP OF SOUTH OWRAM. 373

near Castelford, grants the reversion of a messuage called Bladehous,
and certain parcels of land called Bladeroides, and Bladehey, to
Henry Savile, of Copley, esq.

BEACON-HILL

Is the high ground which overlooks the town of Halifax towards
the East, on which there used to stand a beacon, to give notice in
troublesome times of the approach of an enemy, and which could
be answered by others in different parts of the country. Watson
had the copy of a deed, dated at Southowram in 1553, wherein is
mentioned "le Bekyn super altitudine montis de Gletclif."

In an old parish book of accounts is the following memorandum,
"That the beacon which stands in Southowram was set up att the
charge of ye wapentake, for which they had £6 granted at the
Sessions ; but it cost near seaven pounds, and Samuel Stead took
the care of getting it done, paying all ye charge of it,"

CROMWELLBOTTOM,

Signifies the foot of the crooked or winding spring. The Britons
expressed the word crooked by Crwmm, and in some parts of the
kingdom by Croum, Krum, and Crobm. The Saxons called it
Cpumb or Cpump. Wsel is a known Saxon word for a spring.

In a deed written in the time of Henry VIII. it is called Old
Cromwellbothom. It was long the seat of the Lacy's. Mr. Watson
has given an interesting pedigree of this family.

EXLEY, OR ECCLESLEY,

A district within the township of South Owram. The name
of it, if Exley be the ancient way of writing it, may come from
Ex, an old word for water, and ley, a pasture, because it lies upon
the banks of the river Calder.

BAILEY HALL,

A corruption of Bailiff's Hall, is a respectable old mansion ; and
Avas in all probability the residence of the Lords Bailiff, who selected
this spot on account of its contiguity to the river and the town of
Halifax ; the whole of Southowram Bank being at that time covered
M'ith wood.



TOWNSHIP OF OVENDEN.



This townsliip lies to the North- West of Halifax, and on the West
of the brook dividing it from the township of Northowram ; on the
West it adjoins the township of Warley, and on the North that of
Thornton in the Parish of Bradford.

The name is in all probability derived from the British Avon, a
brook, and the Anglo-Saxon bene, a valley : this brook is called
pali5 Bpoca, or holy brook, now vulgarly distinguished by the ad-
jective halig ; it is formed by he union of the waters of Ogden and
Skirden, in the district of Ogden, Oakden, or the valley of oak,
from whence the stream passes through the vale of Wheatley, and
forms ajunction with the brook which divides Ovenden from North-
owram, at Lee Bridge.

The name of Ovenden does not occur in Domesday, but Dr.
Whitaker conjectures that like Halifax it was taken out of Warley,
without assigning any reason for his hypothesis. It appears to have
been originally granted by the crown to the Earl of Warren. Henry
III. by charter, in the 37th year of his reign, granted to John, the
seventh earl, free warren in all his demesne lands (whereof Ovenden
was parcel) which he then had or should acquire ; from this earl it
passed to the family of Thornhill, and in Kirby's inquest, 24 Ed-
ward I., John de Thornhill is returned lord of the manor. By deed
s. d. Brian de Thornhill gave all his messuages, lands, &c. in
Ovenden, to William de Metheley for life; and 2 Edward III.
John de Metheley released the same to Brian, son of Sir John de
Thornhill. From the Thornhill family it passed into that of Savillc,
on the marriage of Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Simon Thorn-
hill, with Henry Saville ; in which family it still continues.

At a trial had in the Duchy Chamber, 6th Elizabeth, the crown



TOWNSHIP OF OVENDEN. 375

laid claim to the wastes of Ovenden, Skircoat, Rishworth, North-
land, Barsland, Wadsworth, Stansfield, and Shelf, as being within
the liberties of Sowerbyshire, or in the lordship of Wakefield ; and
a record was produced to shew that a similar claim had been made
by Henry the eighth on the townships of Ovenden, Skircoat, Rish-
worth, Northland, Barsland, and Shelf, as parcel of the manor of
Wakefield ; and that Henry VII. died seised thereof in fee. To
which Henry Saville replied that Henry VII. did not die seised
thereof, and that the same were not parcel of the manor of Wake-
field. The jury for the defendant : for that he proved by many
court rolls and other evidences, the possession of himself and an-
cestors in 1334, 1337, and 1339, as also in the reigns of Henry
V. VI, VII, and VIII ; and that his ancestors had, time out of
mind, granted parcels of the waste lands within the said lordships
and manors, receiving to them rents and services. It was there-
fore decreed by the chancellor, that the said Henry Saville, his
heirs and assigns, should quietly and peaceably enjoy the said
townships and manors.

In the year 1814 an act of Parliament was passed, for enclosing
lands in the manor of Ovenden ; in consequence whereof the several
commons, moors, and waste grounds called High-road well moor,
Ovenden moor, Ogden moor, Skirden, Coldedge, lUingworth moor,
Todmoor, Swillhill, Childwife moor, and Lee bank, with various
other parcels of waste were allotted, under the award of commis-
sioners, to several freeholders, and have since been enclosed : the
award is deposited in Illingworth chapel.

At the time of passing this act, the area of the township was
computed at 5108 statute acres, whereof the ancient enclosed lands
were 3466, and the common land 1742 acres, including allotments
to proprietors, occupation roads, public stone quarries, and watering
places ; and this agrees with the number stated in the parliamentary
return of 1833. A survey of the township was made by Mr.
Washington in 1825, when the area of it was found to contain 5295
statute acres, according to the admeasurement of each farm. The
whole is freehold.

ILLINGWORTH.

This place gives name to the Chapelry of Ovenden : its situation
is high and bleak, at the distance of two miles and an half North



376 TOWNSHIP OF OVENDEN.

West of Halifax, and on the turnpike road to Keighley. Mr. Watson's
conjecture, as to the name of the place being derived from the bad-
ness or roughness of the roads there, is extremely hypothetical.

In the village is a house, called The Cross, and distinguished
by that emblem, being placed at the gable end ; tradition attributes
it, as an evidence of its having formerly belonged to the Knights of
St, John of Jerusalem, who certainly had some possessions in these
parts, and whose houses were distinguished by a cross placed in
some conspicuous part, but whether this be the case in the present
instance, or whether it was merely placed there for ornament, is
very doubtful.

The village gave name to an old family of which there remains
no pedigree, some of the descendants reside on the spot, and are in
a humble situation of life ; and there are some remains of the old
family hall, now converted into cottages.

THE CHAPEL.

Henry Saville, lord of Ovenden, by deed dated 26 January 17,
Hen, VIII. granted and confirmed to James Bawmforth, William
Doughty, Wm. Illingworth, jun. John Maude, jun. Richard Best,
Thomas Shaw, John Cockroft, Hy. Cockroft, John Croyscr, John
Greenwood, jun., Henry Illingworth, John Best, Robert Walker,
jun., and Richard Deyn ; one acre of land of the wastes of Ovenden
as the same laid there on the east part of Chornheys, on the west
part of the land of Henry Illingworth, on the north of the land of
Richard Illingworth, and on the south part of the house of one
John Illingworth : To hold to them, their heirs and assigns for
ever, to the use of one Chapel there, in honor of the Virgin
Mary built; the words are " ad usumunius Capellse ib^m in honore
beata Marise Virginis, (cdific," not adificand : (the words in the
grant do not warrant Mr. Watson's construction " to be built")
paying yearly to the Lord one red rose.

The first edifice stood its three centuries, and in the year 1777
the present chapel was erected on the ancient scite, it is a neat plain
stone structure, with a bell tower, consisting of a lobby, nave, and
two side aisles, a gallery on the South side, and an organ loft at the
west end, in Avhich is a good organ ; it is capable of affording fur-
ther accommodation by the erection of a North gallery, and remov-
ing the pulpit to the front of the communion table.



TOWNSHIP OF OVENDEN. 377

Surrounding the Chapel is an extensive piece of ground used as
a place of sepulture ; this repository of the dead exhibits in its ap-
pearance a degree of cleanliness and neatness, highly creditable to
those who have the care of it.

The expense of the present erection, including the stone wall
round the ground, amounted to £1400.

The only vestige that remains of the old building is a fragment
of broken glass in the window of the vestry.

The license to baptize and bury here was granted a. d. 1695.

The chapel is endowed with the following property :

DW.

A Farm, called Chapel House, given by Henry SavlUe, 1525, containing 5

A Farm, called Paul's Parks, given by Sir George Saville, A.D. 1561, contain-
ing, subject to a quit rent of 4 pence 15^

A Farm, called Lower Scausby, containing 43

A Farm, called Upper Scausby, containing 19

And Ainley Fields 8

Purchased by the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty in 1731.



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 34 of 52)