Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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session Oct. 1730." One account says, she left fifty shillings yearly
in lands within Shelf, for a sermon on Good Friday.


Richard Rookes, gave by indenture, dated 1 March, 20 Hen.
VIII. one parcel of ground in the end of a close wherein the chapel
of Lightcliffe standeth, and also 13s. 4d. a year for ever, out of
the rest of the said close, towards the maintenance of a priest there.
The following yearly rents were also given to the said chapel : —

S. D.

By John Smith, out of his chief messuage, called Roj-d House, 6 8

— Richard Waterhouse, out of his lands within the hamlet of Priestley . . 6 8

— Edmund Fairbank, out of his two messuages, and all his lands at Lidyate, i o a

in Lightcliffe, i "* *

— James Waterhouse, out of his lands and tenements in Northwnod, .. ..3 4

— John and Thomas Thorpe, out of three chief messuages, his lands, tene-> , a

ments, and hereditaments, in Lightcliffe 3

— Richard Cliffe, out of CUff-house, and lands thereto belonging, in Lightcliffe, 3

— Kdward Hoyle, out of Hoyle House, and all the lands, &c. thereto belong- > 3 a

ing, in Lightcliffe, 5


s. i>.

liy John Scolfield, out of his messuage and lands in Lightclille, 14

— Gilbert Saltonstall, out of his messuage and lands in Lightcliffc, .. ..10

— Richard Scolofleld, out of Gibhouse, and lands thereto belonging 10

— William W hiteley, out of his Now House, and two acres of land called Easti , ,,

field Knowle, in Lightclitle, S

William Birkhead, of Brookfoot, in Southowram, gave by
will, dated Dec. 29, 1638, the sum of five pounds, to Samuel Hoyle,
of Hoyle House, in Lightcliffc, and Robert Hargreaves, of Hipper-
holme, in trust, that they should bestow the same on some parcel
of land, or yearly rent of inheritance, the one half of the yearly
profit should be paid yearly to the curate or preacher of God's word
at LightclifFe, and the other half to the poor people of LightclifFe
and Hipperholme, from time to time, to succeeding ages, for ever.

A considerable tract of land in this township goes by the name
of Coley. It was formerly written Caldley, meaning the Ceald-ley,
or cold pasture, and gave name to a family of whom Henry de Coldlay
occurs in a deed dated 1313, and in several others without date.


There is a tradition that this place was formerly a priory. The
first family on record in possession of what is now called Coley Hall,
was that of Rishworth. The Rishworths, of Coley, were possessed
of a manor there, as appears from several deeds of different dates,
one in particular of 1473, and another of 1538. Watson says he
has met with them frequently between 1371 and 1562, but never
saw any pedigree of the family.

The house was lately the property, and place of residence of
William Horton, Esq. of the family of Howroyd, but he and his
descendants being dead, it came by inheritance to the Beaumonts,
of Whitley, in Yorkshire. The present fabric is modern, and
affords neither arms, inscriptions, or any thing antique.


Takes its name from a small cliff a little to the east of it. It is
a very pleasant retired village, on the road betwixt Halifax and
Wakefield, near the bounds of the parish, and the residence of
several opulent and respectable families.


So called from standing in a hole or bottom, gave name to a
family who resided here the beginning of last century, if not later.


It is said to be a very ancient situation, but there is not any thing
remarkable about it at the present day.


A handsome mansion, belonging to the "Walker's, surrounded
with its pleasure grounds, is a delightful residence.
rooke's hall.

Here lived a considerable family of the name of Rookes, some
of whom resided at Rodes-hall, in Bradford parish. Mr. Watson
has given a pedigree of the family, copied from Hopkinson. This
estate called Rookes, once gave name to a family of which we meet
with Richard de Rokes, in 1313, and John del Rokis in 1362.
Also John Rokes, de Rokes in 1502.


So called, says Watson, (from whom I have taken this descrip-
tion) from its being situated at the edge or brink of some lands
called the Winters, as by a deed dated in 1498 ; or from Wintep-ec5,
because situated on the edge of an hill, and subject to cold winterly
blasts. Under the garden-house is the following inscription : —
Garrulus insano crucietur mundus amore
Dum mea perplacide vita serena placet.

Over the door of the garden-house, " Meliora spero." Still
higher over the window " Contra vim mortis, non est medicamen
in hortis." In the said garden-house, in stained glass, a snake
biting its tail, motto, " Sic invidia macrescit," and on the same
window, a very curiously painted fly. In an out-building, called
the workhouse, on stained glass, 1. A cock ; 2. a rose full blown ;
3. a mouse taken in an oyster: Mottos to these, 1. Loqui & tacerc
discas; 2. Sic virtus virescit ; 3. Ob gulam captivus. In the kitchen
are seven panes of glass well stained with the following subjects :
1 . An Ezekiel with a book opened on an heap of sculls, in an atti-
tude of devotion, looking up, Ezek. xxxvii. 3. 2. An old man
having one hand on his breast, the other extended towards heaven,
a ray of light darting on him, above his head : Si tu deseris, pereo.
3. A peacock plumed, motto. Omnia vanitas. 4. An imperfect
figure of a man. 5. An angel, his right foot on a globe, his wings
extended, his right hand pointing towards heaven, and in his left
a laurel branch. Psalm Iv. 6. 6. An old man pointing with his right
hand, and in his left a staff, motto, Sicut fecit, fecere ei. 7. David


crowned and dressed, looking up, weeping and praying, with hands
joined, his harp with him, Psalm cxix. 136. All the above human
figures are in Jewish dresses.

This Winter-Edge was held, 42 Eliz. of the crown in fee, by
Samuel Saltonstall, of Huntwike, and has lately been in the pos-
session of the Priestleys, who were originally of Priestley, adjoining
to this estate.

Thoresby gives an account of one John King, of Hipperholme,
who died there in January, 1675, set. 73; he was esteemed the
best archer in England, and was sent for to court in the time of
Charles the 1st, " and won great wagers" during the civil wars. At
Manchester he was carried on men's shoulders as the victor of the
field, some of the gentry crying after him, " a King, a King," which
so alarmed the republicans, they cried out " treason, treason, a plot."


Is an hamlet belonging to the vill of Hipperholme, and has its
name from some ancient building, or buildings, which stood near
the bridge which lies over the Calder, between this hamlet and
Rastrick. It gave name to a family, one of which, Roger de
Brighouse, held eighteen acres of land here in 1314, They some-
times occur as witnesses to deeds at different times ; in particular,
Tho, Brighouse, of Brighouse, and Martin Brighouse, of Glent-
worth, in Lincolnshire, gent, were parties in a deed of all the free-
hold lands in Brighouse, 9 Eliz. There was a John Brighouse of
Brighouse in 1607. John de Ealand, a younger son of Sir John
de Ealand, who was slain, had the manor of Brighouse, granted
him by John, the eighth earl of Warren ; and 19th Edwd.
III. this John regranted it to his father, Sir John, and his mother
Alice, and their heirs.

" In the British Museum, (says Watson) is a MS. intituled
' Collections relating to Morley hundred, written chiefly by Mr.
Jennings, No. 797,' wherein, under the article of Brighouse, it is
said, that Roger Doddcsworth saw at Carlinghow, a charter of the
manor of Brighouse, made 19 Edwd. III. by John de Eland, knt. to
John de Eland, his son, and to Alice, bis wife, with a seal of the
arms of Eland, being an escallop shell." In another part of the


said MS. it is said that this grant was to the heirs males of their
bodies, reversion to Philip de Eland, Esq. In the said MS. under
the title of Hipperholm, we read, that "Robert Clarel," and William
de Kenerisworth, gave to Hugh de Totehill, and Joan, his wife, the
manor of Brighouses for their lives, and to John de Totehill, their
younger son, after their decease, dated 1349." This seems to
throv/ it into a different family, and yet the same MS. tells us,
that 36 Edward III. " John Savile, of Eland, knt. and Isabel, his
wife, (the daughter of John de Eland,) acknoAvledged this manor
to Thomas, son of John de Eland, knt. and to the heirs of his body,
remainder to the heirs' of Isabel." In the same MS. mention is
made of a fine, 46 Edward III, between GeofFry de Warburton, knt.
and Alice, his wife, plaint, and John Savile, of Eland, knt. and
Alice, his wife, deforc. of the manor of Brighouse," &c. At the
inquisition at Pontefract, 5 and 6 Philip and Mary, it was found,
that " Henry Savile, knt. long before his death was seized in his
demesne as of fee, in this m^anor," amongst others : and that it was
held of the manor of Wakefield in free soccage by fealty only. The
Ealands of Carlinghow have held courts here. Robert Ealand held
a court at Brighouse, June 28, 34 H. VIII. Marmaduke Ealand,
gent, son and heir apparent of Robert Ealand, Esq. held a court at
Brighouse, 9 Oct. 29 Eliz. Sir John Armitage also held a court
baron there, March 5, 1661. The court leet or Sheriffs turn for
the manor of Wakefield is still held here as we have seen, p. 60.

Situated on the banks of the Calder, and in the centre of the
staple trade, Brighouse may be classed among the number of
populous villages within this extensive parish, that have risen to
opulence by reason of the woollen manufacture. The Calder and
Hebble Navigation passes through it. The country around is
fertile, and there are several handsome family residences delight-
fully situated in the vicinity.

A new church in the pseudo-gothic style has lately been erected
here, on a most eligible scite : it is dedicated to St. Martin. It
was built from a design of Mr. Hamerton's ; the contract for its
erection amounted to £3500, and it is capable of containing more
than 1100 persons. The living is in the gift of the Vicar of the
parish, and the Rev. Mr. Hayne is the present incumbent.


This Township which lies to the North East of Northowram,
and adjoins the parish of Bradford, contains an area of 1350 statute
acres. It is said to derive its name from its shelving situation ;
and about the time of Henry VIII. it was written Shelve.

Shelf seems to have been granted from the crown with the
manor of Wakefield, as an appendage thereto, for by Kirkby's in-
quest, 24. Edw. I. earl Warren was found to be lord thereof. It
is remarkable, that when the writ of Quo warranto was issued in the
beginning of the reign of king Edw. I. requiring the earl to shew
by what title he held several manors in this part of the country.
Shelf is not mentioned ; though, in the dispute in the duchy cham-
ber at Westminster, 6 Eliz. Henry Savile, then owner of this
lordship, shewed, that from an ancient roll, called Domisday-book,
that the men of John Thornhill, ancestor to the said Henry, did pay
for the township of Shelf of foreign service 4s. 6d. to the lord of
Wakefield, which lord, as this roll was composed in 1314, is known
to have been John, the last earl of Warren and Surry, who derived
it from his ancestors.

The reason Avhy Shelf was not included in the dispute between
the crown and earl Warren is, that previous to this, viz. 4 Edw. II.
free warren had been granted in this manor to Adam de Swilling-
ton ; which Adam, for taking part with Thomas, earl of Lancaster,
against the two Spencers, was fined a thousand marks, 15 Edw. II.
but that judgment being pronounced erroneous by parliament, 1
Edw. III. he came into favor, and obtained of that king a charter
of free warren in all his demesne lands in this, and some other of his
manors. Earl Warren had also made a grant of Shelf to another
lianily ; for umonrj.st the escheats, 25 Edw. 111. the jurors said, that


it would not be for the damage of the king, if the king granted to
Benedict de Normanton, that he might enfeoffe William de Mirfeild
priest, of the manors of Fersley and Shelfe, held of the king in
capita, to hold to him and heirs of the king, by the service there-
fore due, paying yearly to the said Benedict and heirs sixty
shillings. They said also, that the said manors formerly came to
the king's hands by the forfeiture of Galfrid de Fersley then adher-
ing to the Scotch, enemies of the lord the king ; and that the said
Galfrid held the said manor of Shelf of John, earl Warren, as of
his manor of Wakefield, by homage and fealty, which said manor
of Wakefield, Edmund de Langley then held of the king's gift.
These manors of Fersley and Shelf were held 50 Edw. III. by
William de Mirfeild, the day he died, of the king in capite, by the
service of one penny yearly. 16 Richard II. Roger de Swillington,
son and heir of Robert de Swillington, knt. held the manor. 3 Hen.
VI. John Graa, knt. and Margaret, his wife, sister and heir of John
Swillington, held two parts of the manor of the king in soccage ;
and 6 Hen. VI. the jurors, on inquisition, said, that Joan, who was
the wife of Roger Swillington, knt. held when she died, after the
death of the said Roger, of the inheritance of Margaret, then wife
of John Graa, knt. the third part of the manor of Shelf, the rever-
sion thereof, after the death of the said Joan, belonging to the said
Margaret, and her heirs, as to the daughter and heir of the said
Roger de Swillington. After this, says Watson, I meet with no-
thing relating to it, till 20 Oct. 11 Hen. VII. when Sir John Savile,
knt. lord of Shelf, granted part of the waste there ; as did sir Henry
Savile, knt. lord of Shelf, by deed, dated I April, 34 Hen. VIII.
At present it belongs to the Savile family.

In this township, 11 Ed. II. Henry Darcy and Hugh de Totehill
had lands and tenements to the value of four pounds ten shillings,
which were Geoffry de Fersley's, and Avhich Richard Wade held
for life of said Henry and Hugh. Geoffry de Shelf, residing in
Shelf, gave to Robert, son of Tho. de Whitewod, one yearly rent
of four shiDings, and to his heirs for ever, to be perceived of one
assart lying on the west part of the town of Shelf, in 1 34 1 . This
the said Robert gave, in 1349, to his son Richard, and his heirs.
12 Edw. III. the king granted to Bennet de Normanton in fee, all
those lands and tenements in Shelf, &c. which Will, de Midgley


late held by the service of one penny. Joan, sister of Will. Mir-
field, held one messuage and sixty oxgangs of land, with a meadow
adjoining, in Shelf, of the king in capite, by the service of one
halfpenny for all service. No date.

Shelf- Hall is mentioned in a Deed in 1496 ; and a messuage
called Mounteyn, in Shelf, in another, dated in 1 540 ; and in a
Rental of the sums paid to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem,
in England, in 1533, is the following " Edwd. Kent supradict.
pro Shelve park, 4d."

Within this township there are several beds of good coal, from
which the manufactories in this jiart are principally supplied.

A new turnpike Road between Halifax and Bradford has lately
been made to pass through the township, whereby a considerable
facility has been afforded to the extension of its trade.


This Township which adjoins that of Halifax, is bounded on the
South by the river Calder, by the townships of Sowerby and Warley
on the West, and the river Hebble on the East. It contains an area
of 1340 statute acres.

It was formerly written Schircotes, and seems, says Mr. Watson,
"to have taken its name from some cots or buildings, perhaps the
only one then in this division, situated near those beautiful scars
or rocks which range themselves along the bank of the Calder : the
habitations, as I conjecture, of swine herds, both because there
were formerly plenty of oaks in the neighbourhood, and because
some lands hard by, have still the name of Pighills."

It is not mentioned in Domesday Book, but was originally
granted by th6 crown to the Earl of Warren ; and it appears that
John, Earl of Warren, claimed free warren here, 27 Hen. III., and
that the same Earl was found to be Lord thereof by Kirby's inquest.
Being part of Sowerbyshire, it was granted by Hameline, the Earl
of Warren, to Jordan de Thornhill, and from that family it passed
to the Savilles, on the marriage of Elizabeth, daughter and heiress
of Simon Thornhill, with Henry Saville ; as we have shewn under
Ovenden. In the British Museum is a MS. No. 797, wherein is the
following entry under Skircoat : — "43 Edw. III. Simon de Thornhill,
who held of the lord in Stansfield, Skircoat, Ovenden, and Wads-
worth certain tenements and lands in soccage, died, and Elizabeth,
daughter and heir, of the age of two years and in the custody of
Elizabeth her mother, comes and gives for relief, ten shillings,"

Mr. Watson states, that there have been certain grants within
this Manor, affecting the title to it, but at what time they were
made does not appear. " I find, however, (says he) that John Talvas
gave to Thomas, his son, the fourth part of the town of Skircoat,


and the demesne lands of Copley, by deed sans date ; and that
Jordan, son of John Talvas, gave to Hugh de Copley, son of Thomas
Talvas, his brother, sixteen acres of land in Skircoat wood, by deed
sans date. In an evidence, 3 Henry VIH. express mention is made
of the manor of CojDley, (within this township.) The manor still
continues in the possession of the noble family of Saville.


Takes its name from the great copp or bank, under which it is
situated ; it is famous for giving name to an ancient respectable
family, the first of which was Adam de Copley, slain when William
the Conqueror laid siege to York, in the year 1070. Watson has
given a pedigree, tracing this family of Copley, to an alliance with
the Savilles, as I have shown, who it appears settled at Copley about
the year 1485 . A female descendant of this family intermarried with
Lord Thomas Howard, brother to Henry, duke of Norfolk, who, being
sent ambassador to Rome, died at sea, either on the 8th or 9th of
December, 1689. They had Thomas, duke of Norfolk.

The Duke of Norfolk sold this estate to one Walker, of Hud-
dersfield. He seems (says Watson) to have conceived a sort of
prejudice against it, for having arrived at the end of Skircoat- Green,
with a design to pay it a visit, and seeing that it was seated under a
hill, and made but a mean appearance, he immediately turned back,
and would not give himself the trouble to go to it.


On the top of a hill, something more than a mile from Halifax,
in the great road from thence to Rochdale, is the remain of a stone
cross of this name, which (says Watson) some of the inhabitants
thereabouts think was so called, because one of the kings of England,
intending to penetrate into Lancashire, was frighted with the appear-
ance of the hills from this place, and turned back ; but this tradition-
ary, (and he might have added, absurd) story, is unsupported by any
authority, and the fact seems rather to be, that it was erected by one
of the name of King. So far is certain, that some time ago there was
in Skircoat a considerable family of this name, who had their resi-
dence at Lower Willow Hall, beneath which is a small valley, which
to this day has the name of King's Vucl. In a M.S. in my


possession dated 1640, I find mention nnade of Samuel King, de
Willow Hall.

But what makes this King Cross the most remarkahle is, that
a little below it is an house where for some time resided the family
of Wade, of which take the following account : — Camden says p.
907, "that the Wades derive their pedigree from Wada a Saxon
duke, who gave battle to king Ardulph, at Whalley, in Lancashire,
and died in 798, but of this I have seen no proof, any more than
I have that Armigel Wade, Esq. who was clerk of the council to
Hen. VIII. and Edw. VI. (as his son. Sir William, was to Queen
Elizabeth,) and one of the first discoverers of America, was, as
Thoresby, p. 155, has hinted, one of their ancestors. This
Armigel Wade died in 1568, and was buried at Hampstead, in
Middlesex, in the chancel belonging towhich church, his son. Sir
WiUiam, erected a stately monument to him." In the M.S. before
referred to, I find mention made of one John Wade in Skircoat.

A church has lately been erected here by the Rev. Jonathan
Akroyd, which forms a prominent feature in the country, being
built on the brow of Skircoat moor. It has altogether an unmean-
ing appearance and is utterly devoid of architectural beauty. It
has never been consecrated, but is licenced by the Archbishop for
the celebration of divine service.


An account of the Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth
here, will be found among "the Public Charities." The School
Room which was erected in that Queen's reign still remains.


A very ancient situation as appears from its name. The present
building has the date 1580, erected, as supposed, by a Watmough.
It was purchased for £1800, by Simon Sterne, third son of Dr.
Richard Sterne, archbishop of York. This Simon, who was a
justice of peace, was buried at Halifax, April 17, 1703, and was
resident here, as was his son Richard, both of whom are mentioned
in a short pedigree of the family, in Thoresby, p. 215.

There is an anecdote related of Lawrence Sterne, author of
Tristram Shandy, &c.. in connection with his early life, which it is
said he passed at this place. I have given it as I find it : — "This


extraordinary character first received the rudiments of his education
at Heath School, heing placed there hy his father previous to his
going out w^ith his regiment to the defence of Gibraltar. Sterne
has recorded the following occurrence which took place while he
remained at school. His master having had the ceiling of the
school-room newly white washed, one unlucky day the ladder
remaining there, he mounted, and wrote with a brush in large
capital letters, LAU. STERNE ; for which he got a sound whip-
ping from an usher, the master however was very much hurt at
this, and said before him, that never should that name be effaced,
for that he was a boy of genius, and would surely come to prefer-
ment : this expression made him forget the stripes he had received."


A small hamlet within Skircoat, is not remarkable for anything
worthy of notice. The Calder and Hebble Navigation, which for-
merly terminated here, having been continued to Halifax, what
little traffic it formerly enjoyed has been removed with the compa-
ny's establishment thither.

In a former part of this history I have extracted from a local
newspaper, published in 1759, a short account of a wake holden
in the pasture grounds of Skircoat. A fair, I am informed, is
holden here to this day on the first two Sundays in May ; it is
called "Pickle, or Pickhill, Fair," being held, as is generally sup-
posed, in commemoration of the cattle being taken into spring grass
on the lands called Pighills, from which the fair derives its name.
My informant attended this fair before the Navigation Company's
warehouses were erected at Salterhebble, hundreds flocked to the
place, and the scite of the warehouses was occupied by forms and
other accommodations.

The situation of Skircoat is pleasant and agreeable, its proxim-
ity to Halifax renders it altogether a desirable place of residence for
families of opulence engaged in mercantile and commercial jjursuits.

Skircoat-moor may with propriety be termed the lungs of Hali-
fax. Here we breathe a pure and salubrious air : here the valetudina-
rian may enjoy his morning's walk, and inhale the pure breezes
that are wafted over its surface, uncontaminated by the smoke of
steam engines : here he may take the carriage airing, or the more


noble exercise of the horse, in quiet, free from interruption : here
the mechanic and the artizen may enjoy those manly and athletic
games and exercises which invigorate the frame and soften the toils
of labour, and to which every encouragement should be given,
drawing him as they certainly do from the beer- shop, and the con-
taminating atmosphere of the democratic club-room.

Nor is Skircoat without its attractions to the lover of nature.

Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 36 of 52)